CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE. There are many books and journals write the history of the prose poetry, its

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE. There are many books and journals write the history of the prose poetry, its"

Transcription

1 CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Brief Description of the Prose Poetry There are many books and journals write the history of the prose poetry, its characteristic, its genre, and some information about it. But, in this case, the writer has concluded some necessary idea about the prose poetry. For introduce the prose poetry, the writer chooses what OtaredHaidar (2008) says that though modern literary theorists seem to agree upon considering the prose poem as a genre in itself, working toward defining it an drawing its boundaries is still ongoing. The main difficulty comes from dual nature of this genre which is represented by its very name. In attempting to define the prose poem, a myriad of similar definitions that are only as elusive as the genre itself have produced by critics and poets. Despite the exhaustive search for a definition, critics still give what seem more like anti-definitions in their attempts to solve the mystery of the prose poem and to establish a definition for it. These statements seem to add the ambiguity of the genre. However, these anti-definitions are widely quoted and referred to by critics to underline the difficulties and challenges of studying the prose poem and of providing methods and approaches to deal with it. In their introduction, critics who write about the prose poem struggle with terms and definitions while attempting to introduce their subject to the readers in few plain words. The most comprehensive introductory account that tackles the subject and tries to define it is provided by Suzanne Bernard in her pioneering work about the prose poem. In her massive work, she includes scores of description, all of which could help in defining the genre. Nonetheless, she also starts her book by highlighting the challenges of such an endeavour. In her

2 introduction, she quotes and endorses Morris Chaplin s definition: A genre of which no theorist has dared to declare rules. The other definitions in her book deal with the features and characteristic of the prose poem. In her introduction, she provided her own definition of the genre describing it as being: A rebellion against all types of formal tyranny, which prevent the poet from creating a private language for himself, and force him to put the flexible substance of his phrases into ready-made moulds. Monte (2000) also writes in his book Invisible Fences Prose Poetry as a Genre in French and American Literature (2-8) that the most foolproof definition of prose poetry, poetry written in prose, sounds uncomfortably. The next best approach throws the question What is prose poetry? back at the questioner You tell me what prose is and what poetry is, and I will tell you what prose poetry is to make the point that the two terms that constitute prose poetry are themselves difficult to define unambiguously. Recalling that prose poetry is or was once an oxymoron takes us in yet another direction: prose poetry is an abstraction meant to question generic boundaries and accordingly resists definition. But none of these approaches helps us much in recognizing a prose poem we might come across in our literary wandering, let alone help us read one. Maybe we are starting off too abstractly. While many critics attempt to define the external and internal factors that help determine the form of the prose poem, they do so almost universally in the context of prose poetry s revolutionary or subversive impulse. It is as if one only bothers defining the prose poem s constraints in order to show more effectively how it violates them. I do not deny prose poetry revolutionary potential, but I am anti essentialist when it comes to questions of form or genre: the fact that a poem is written in prose does not necessarily mean it is subversive. To be sure, no one ever takes the extreme essentialist position on the matter.

3 2.2 Finding the Meaning After reading some definitions of prose poetry and seeing the prose poetry that want to be analyzed also has quality as poetry, the writer has chosen L.G Alexander s theory to be used in analyzing the prose poetry. For finding its meaning, L.G Alexander (1963) has made it specific by: 1) General Meaning This should be expressed simply in one, or at the most two sentences. It should be based on a reading of the whole poem. Very often, but not always, a poem s title will give you some indication of its general meaning. 2) Detailed Meaning Detailed meaning should be given stanza by stanza, but this should not paraphrase the poem or worry about the meaning of individual words. The detailed meaning may be written as continuous paragraph, but you must take every care to be accurate and to express yourself in simple sentences. Similarly people must pay special attention to the prose style by showing how the poet begins, how he develops his theme and then how he should make some rough attempt in your reading to divide the lines into fairly self-contained groups. 3) Intention Every poet conveys an experience or attempt to arouse certain feelings in the reader. When you have read a poem and given its general and detailed meaning, you should try to decide what feelings the poet is trying to arouse in you. A poem may affect different people in a great variety of ways and it is often impossible to define a poet s true intention. Your interpretation of a poet s aims is, therefore, largely a personal matter, but at the same time it should never be far-fetched. It is, however,

4 most important to explain what you have understood a poet s purpose to be. Just as it is impossible to give the meaning of the poem if you have read it carefully, it is impossible to appreciate the poem if you are unable to define the poet s intention. Finding meanings of a poem and intentions of the writer are simply the means. 2.3 Devices L.G Alexander (1963) says that it s hard to define exactly what a poem is and to state why it gives us pleasure. Every poem is unique and has special qualities of its own so if we want to appreciate poetry, it is necessary to learn how to recognize these special qualities which called devices and can be found when we analyze a poem. Devices may be divided into three groups: structural, sense and sound devices. When writing an appreciation of poetry, it is not enough to be able to point out the devices. You must always explain that effect they have and how they help the poet to fulfill his attention Structural Devices Contrast, illustration, repetition: these indicate the way a whole poem has been built and become as soon as the meaning of the poem has been found. 1) Contrast This is one of the most common of all structures devices. It occurs when we find two completely opposite pictures side by side. Sometimes the contrast is immediately obvious and sometimes implied. 2) Illustration This is example which usually takes the form o a vivid picture by which a poet may make an idea clear. Pictures of this sort occur in all the poems.

5 3) Repetition Poets often repeat single line or whole stanzas at intervals to emphasize a particular idea. Repetition is to be found in poetry which is aiming at a special effect or when a poet wants us to pay very close attention to something Sense Devices Sense devices divide into three: and as. 1) Simile This is a direct comparison and can be recognized by the use of the words like 2) Metaphor This is rather like a simile except that the comparison is not direct but implied: the words like and as are not used. The poet does not say that one object is like another; he says it is another. In the poem Lucy, Wordsworth does not say that the girl was like a violet. He writes: A violet by mossy stone Half hidden from the eye. Lucy, in these lines, is a violet. The metaphor vividly expresses the basic idea of the poem; it represents a girl of rare beauty who lived unknown. A violet half hidden by a stone is similarly something rare and beautiful which, for most people, live unknown. 3) Personification

6 This occurs when inanimate objects are given a human form, or when they are made to speak. For example, we can find personification in On his Eighty-Sixth Birthday. The world speaks these words: Many have loved me desperately Many with smooth serenity While some nave shown contempt of me Till they dropped underground By means of personification here the poet underlines the close relationship that existed between himself and the world Sound Devices Sound devices can be considered as musical quality of a poem when it is read aloud. For analyzing sound devices, we can divide them being: 1) Alliteration : The repetition of the same sound at frequent intervals. 2) Onomatopoeia : Imitates sounds and thus suggest the object described. 3) Rhyme : Occurs at the end of a poetic line. 4) Assonance : The repeating of stressed vowel sound. In this thesis, the writer will analyze each detailed meaning and general meaning to find out its intention by analyzing its structural and sense devices. Yet, the writer will not analyze the sound devices since it is not the focus on this thesis.

Essential points to look out for in poetry 1 of 9. Poetry has certain characteristics that make it special. These include...

Essential points to look out for in poetry 1 of 9. Poetry has certain characteristics that make it special. These include... Essential points to look out for in poetry 1 of 9 WHAT IS POETRY? Poetry has certain characteristics that make it special. These include... Poetry uses vivid images and descriptive language to paint a

More information

D36. Core Analysis Frame: Poetry. Examine Content. Examine Form and Structure. (continued on page D37)

D36. Core Analysis Frame: Poetry. Examine Content. Examine Form and Structure. (continued on page D37) Core Analysis Frame: Poetry D36 The questions on this analysis frame will help you achieve a basic understanding of any poem you read. For more advanced, in-depth analysis of each element, use the following

More information

1. imagery 2. plot 3. foreshadowing. 10. structure 11. symbol 12. narrative. 13. motif 14. conflict 15. theme

1. imagery 2. plot 3. foreshadowing. 10. structure 11. symbol 12. narrative. 13. motif 14. conflict 15. theme Literary Terms: English, R. Clemente name: 9 th Grade Literature Unit Two, study sheet A. Literary Terms... 1. imagery 2. plot 3. foreshadowing 4. alliteration 5. onomatopoeia 6. rhyme scheme 7. personification

More information

Description. Poetry Term. 1. Alliteration. 2. Metaphor 3. Simile 4. Repetition 5. Personification 6. Onomatopoeia. 7. Rhyme. 8. Stanza. 9.

Description. Poetry Term. 1. Alliteration. 2. Metaphor 3. Simile 4. Repetition 5. Personification 6. Onomatopoeia. 7. Rhyme. 8. Stanza. 9. Poetry Term 1. Alliteration 2. Metaphor 3. Simile 4. Repetition 5. Personification 6. Onomatopoeia 7. Rhyme 8. Stanza 9. Assonance 10. Tone Description a) Where nonhuman things or abstract ideas are given

More information

Peeling Back the Layers Sister Grade Seven

Peeling Back the Layers Sister Grade Seven 2-7th pages 68-231.15 8/3/04 9:58 AM Page 178 Peeling Back the Layers Sister Grade Seven Skill Focus Grammar Composition Reading Strategies Annotation Determining Main Idea Generalization Inference Paraphrase

More information

Grade 4 Writing Curriculum Map

Grade 4 Writing Curriculum Map Curriculum Map BOE Approval November 2013 CURRICULUM MAP WRITING GRADE 4 SEPTEMBER OCTOBER NOVEMBER DECEMBER JANUARY Creating a Buzz About : It s All About Me! Tell Me A Story Realistic Fiction Tell Me

More information

BIG Idea: Poets use words and images to communicate about a theme.

BIG Idea: Poets use words and images to communicate about a theme. BIG Idea: Poets use words and images to communicate about a theme. BIG question: How do you read a poem? Center for Urban Education teacher.depaul.edu 2014 NWEA Poetry Interpretation The following competencies

More information

Alliteration: the repetition of initial consonant sounds. Allusion: reference to a well-known person, place, literary work or work of art.

Alliteration: the repetition of initial consonant sounds. Allusion: reference to a well-known person, place, literary work or work of art. Poetry Devices Alliteration: the repetition of initial consonant sounds. Example: The Cute Cuddly Kitten hid in the pantry. Allusion: reference to a well-known person, place, literary work or work of art.

More information

GCSE English Language and English Literature LCHS

GCSE English Language and English Literature LCHS GCSE English Language and English Literature LCHS Y11 Student Guide 2015-2016 Name: Form: English teacher: Studying English Language and Literature in Year11 A New Challenge Welcome back. This is the start

More information

Learner Guide. Cambridge International AS & A Level Literature in English

Learner Guide. Cambridge International AS & A Level Literature in English Learner Guide Cambridge International AS & A Level Literature in English 9695 Cambridge International Examinations retains the copyright on all its publications. Registered Centres are permitted to copy

More information

Poetic Devices. Unit 4

Poetic Devices. Unit 4 Poetic Devices Unit 4 Poetic Devices A poet is limited in the materials when writing poetry; all he/she has to use are words to express his/her ideas and feelings. This can be a difficult task. Because

More information

Strand: Reading Literature Topics Standard I can statements Vocabulary Key Ideas and Details

Strand: Reading Literature Topics Standard I can statements Vocabulary Key Ideas and Details Strand: Reading Literature Topics Standard I can statements Vocabulary Key Ideas and Details Craft and Structure RL.5.1 Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when

More information

CP English 9 Cluster 4: Poetry: Imagery (3 weeks)

CP English 9 Cluster 4: Poetry: Imagery (3 weeks) CP English 9 Cluster 4: Poetry: Imagery (3 weeks) *Page numbers refer to The Language of Literature textbook unless otherwise noted. *Glossary of Word to Know begins on page 1232. *Underlined assignments

More information

Year 5 Poetry based on Unit 2 Classic/narrative poems

Year 5 Poetry based on Unit 2 Classic/narrative poems Narrative Poems (based on the Primary framework for literacy, Poetry Unit 2 Classic/narrative poems) Key aspects of learning Enquiry Children will investigate an older narrative poem, seeking the answers

More information

Coach Tool. Lesson Planning/Lesson Observation/Lesson Debriefing

Coach Tool. Lesson Planning/Lesson Observation/Lesson Debriefing Purpose Coach Tool Lesson Planning/Lesson Observation/Lesson Debriefing By Krista Jiampetti, Reading Specialist, South Colonie Central Schools, Albany, NY For Literacy or Instructional Coaches, K-12 This

More information

BCCC Tutoring Center 1 Reading Comprehension Strategies

BCCC Tutoring Center 1 Reading Comprehension Strategies BCCC Tutoring Center 1 Reading Comprehension Strategies Before Reading 1. Take note of the title, author, and any headings in the text. Title Author 2. Based on the title, author, and headings, what might

More information

WRITING A CRITICAL ARTICLE REVIEW

WRITING A CRITICAL ARTICLE REVIEW WRITING A CRITICAL ARTICLE REVIEW A critical article review briefly describes the content of an article and, more importantly, provides an in-depth analysis and evaluation of its ideas and purpose. The

More information

Units of Study 9th Grade

Units of Study 9th Grade Units of Study 9th Grade First Semester Theme: The Journey Second Semester Theme: Choices The Big Ideas in English Language Arts that drive instruction: Independent thinkers construct meaning through language.

More information

The N s Read/Write/Slam Poetry Workshop

The N s Read/Write/Slam Poetry Workshop The N s Read/Write/Slam Poetry Workshop Objective: To introduce young people to skills they can use both to express themselves through poetry and to deepen their understanding and appreciation of poems

More information

Steve Campsall Essay Writing Guide

Steve Campsall Essay Writing Guide www.englishbiz.co.uk 2014 Steve Campsall Essay Writing Guide WHAT IS AN ESSAY? An essay can never give answers it can only offer views ; and these need to be argued for. You need to argue in support of

More information

Definitions of Stylistics. By Dr. K.T. Khader

Definitions of Stylistics. By Dr. K.T. Khader Definitions of Stylistics By Dr. K.T. Khader 1.What is stylistics? 1) D. Crystal: Linguistics is the academic discipline that studies language scientifically, and stylistics, as a part of this discipline,

More information

Diagnostic Assessment for I m A Poet and Didn t Know It!

Diagnostic Assessment for I m A Poet and Didn t Know It! Diagnostic Assessment for I m A Poet and Didn t Know It! Table of Contents Item Assessment Instructions 2-3 Diagnostic Assessment 4-5 Diagnostic Assessment Key 6-7 Page Number 1 Diagnostic Assessment Constructed

More information

Academic Standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening

Academic Standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening Academic Standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening Pre-K - 3 REVISED May 18, 2010 Pennsylvania Department of Education These standards are offered as a voluntary resource for Pennsylvania

More information

Grade 7: Module 3A: Unit 1: Lesson 11 Introducing Poetry

Grade 7: Module 3A: Unit 1: Lesson 11 Introducing Poetry Grade 7: Module 3A: Unit 1: Lesson 11 Introducing Poetry This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Exempt third-party content is indicated

More information

Author Study: Edgar Allan Poe 8 th Grade Language Arts Summative Assessments

Author Study: Edgar Allan Poe 8 th Grade Language Arts Summative Assessments Author Study: Edgar Allan Poe 8 th Grade Language Arts Summative Assessments The author study essay and project will be due December 10th and will include the following: 1 literary analysis essay Mandatory

More information

Your Dad Did What? Sophie Hannah

Your Dad Did What? Sophie Hannah Your Dad Did What? Sophie Hannah Apple Inc. 1st Edition Poem... 3 S.M.I.L.E. Analysis... 4 Sample Exam Question Part A... 15 Comparison... 15 Sample Exam Question - Part B... 17 Poem - Your Dad Did What?

More information

**Pages that follow these directions: 1. Blank TPFASTT form 2. Poem 3. Model TPFASTT with poetic device list 4. Rubric

**Pages that follow these directions: 1. Blank TPFASTT form 2. Poem 3. Model TPFASTT with poetic device list 4. Rubric Students who will be taking Senior Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition should read The Making of a Poem: A Norton Anthology of Poetic Forms, edited by Strand and Boland for summer reading.

More information

Rising Action. The action and events that take place in the story and build up to the critical moment when the main conflict is confronted.

Rising Action. The action and events that take place in the story and build up to the critical moment when the main conflict is confronted. PLOT The sequence of events or actions in a short story, novel, play, or narrative poem Exposition The author lays the groundwork for the story by revealing the Setting Relationships between the Situation

More information

The Poem as Craft: Poetic Elements

The Poem as Craft: Poetic Elements The Poem as Craft: Poetic Elements She was in a class all by herself. It is not often that someone comes along who is a true friend and a good writer. Charlotte was both. Charlotte s Web E.B. White I.

More information

Whitman/Dickinson Paper

Whitman/Dickinson Paper Whitman/Dickinson Paper For this first paper, you will choose to explore the poetry of Walt Whitman or Emily Dickinson in great depth. To do this, you will write a poem in imitation of one of the poets.

More information

Poetic Devices in Song Lyrics and Poems. Short Essay Assignment

Poetic Devices in Song Lyrics and Poems. Short Essay Assignment Poetic Devices in Song Lyrics and Poems Short Essay Assignment For this assignment you will be writing a short essay about the poetic devices used in song lyrics and classic poetry. You must choose one

More information

Visiting Hour. By Norman MacCaig

Visiting Hour. By Norman MacCaig Visiting Hour By Norman MacCaig Themes Facing Death (either the dying person, or the relative) Isolation surrounding death/emotion Structure The way a text is put together and the development of ideas

More information

Journal for Nightswimming

Journal for Nightswimming Journal for Nightswimming Read the lyrics of Nightswimming. 1.Note any important aspects of the song in relation to growing up, the passage of time, etc. in the margin or by underlining key words/phrases.

More information

Leveled Reader Characteristics

Leveled Reader Characteristics Leveled Reader Characteristics Level A Books: Emergent Readers Large print Text consistently placed Repetition of phrases and patterns 1 2 word changes High frequency words are introduced Text is predictable

More information

Writing Poetry with Second Graders By Shelly Prettyman

Writing Poetry with Second Graders By Shelly Prettyman Day 1 Mini-Lesson: What is Poetry (review)? Time: 30-45 min Writing Poetry with Second Graders By Shelly Prettyman Standard 7--Comprehension Students understand, interpret, and analyze grade level poetry.

More information

Poetry 11 Terminology

Poetry 11 Terminology Poetry 11 Terminology This list of terms builds on the preceding lists you have been given at Heritage Woods in grades 9-10. It contains all the terms you were responsible for learning in the past, as

More information

Montgomery County Public Schools English 9B Exam Review

Montgomery County Public Schools English 9B Exam Review Montgomery County Public Schools English 9B Exam Review June 2013 FORMAT Five Readings an excerpt from a Shakespeare play (not Romeo and Juliet) two poems a narrative a nonfiction article related to the

More information

Outline. Written Communication Conveying Scientific Information Effectively. Objective of (Scientific) Writing

Outline. Written Communication Conveying Scientific Information Effectively. Objective of (Scientific) Writing Written Communication Conveying Scientific Information Effectively Marie Davidian davidian@stat.ncsu.edu http://www.stat.ncsu.edu/ davidian. Outline Objectives of (scientific) writing Important issues

More information

Pizza Ag Mag - Vocabulary Figurative Language and Poetic Devices Directions: Read the poem and answer the questions that follow.

Pizza Ag Mag - Vocabulary Figurative Language and Poetic Devices Directions: Read the poem and answer the questions that follow. Pizza Ag Mag - Vocabulary Figurative Language and Poetic Devices Directions: Read the poem and answer the questions that follow. A Pizza the Size of the Sun by Jack Prelutsky I m making a pizza the size

More information

International Journal of Academic Research and Reflection Vol. 2, No. 1, 2014

International Journal of Academic Research and Reflection Vol. 2, No. 1, 2014 STYLISTIC ANALYSIS OF E.E. CUMMINGS POEM [I CARRY YOUR HEART WITH ME (I CARRY IT IN]. Sara Nawaz (Corresponding Author) Email: saranawazftale96@hotmail.com Nazish Andleeb, Email: nazishandleeb72@gmail.com

More information

Romanticism. Romantic Writers

Romanticism. Romantic Writers Romanticism Romantic Writers Valued imagination and emotion Valued the individual human being Strove for freedom from the rules of form dictating writers at the time Used medieval subjects and settings

More information

SWBAT review poetry terms and the process of analyzing a poem. Poetry is. Poetry is. Poetry is. Poetry Big 4

SWBAT review poetry terms and the process of analyzing a poem. Poetry is. Poetry is. Poetry is. Poetry Big 4 Name: HR: Date: Teacher: SWBAT review poetry terms and the process of analyzing a poem. Poetry Big 4 1. Read (remember to go slowly and read it like a poem) 2. Summarize Stanzas (who is the speaker and

More information

READING. Common Core Standards-Based. Graphic Organizers for GRADES 9-10. In-Depth Analysis. Created by Tracee Orman

READING. Common Core Standards-Based. Graphic Organizers for GRADES 9-10. In-Depth Analysis. Created by Tracee Orman Graphic Organizers for Common Core Standards-Based READING In-Depth Analysis GRADES 9-10 Created by Tracee Orman www.traceeorman.com www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/tracee-orman CCS RL Graphic Organizers

More information

Learner Guide. Cambridge IGCSE Literature (English) Cambridge Secondary 2

Learner Guide. Cambridge IGCSE Literature (English) Cambridge Secondary 2 Learner Guide Cambridge IGCSE Literature (English) 0486 Cambridge Secondary 2 Cambridge International Examinations retains the copyright on all its publications. Registered Centres are permitted to copy

More information

[i carry your heart with me(i carry it in] i carry your heart with me(i carry it in. my heart)i am never without it(anywhere

[i carry your heart with me(i carry it in] i carry your heart with me(i carry it in. my heart)i am never without it(anywhere 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Edward Estlin Cummings (E.E. Cummings) was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts on October 14, 1894, to a well-known family. His father was a professor at Harvard University. His mother,

More information

Glynn County School System Literature and Composition 9 2 nd Semester Georgia Performance Standards Map

Glynn County School System Literature and Composition 9 2 nd Semester Georgia Performance Standards Map Glynn County School System Literature and Composition 9 2 nd Semester Georgia Performance Standards Map TOPIC/UNIT GEORGIA PERFORMANCE STANDARDS RELATED GPS(s) ID TIMELINE ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS 1. The Drama

More information

AP ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION 2008 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION 2008 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION 2008 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 1 (Keats s When I Have Fears and Longfellow s Mezzo Cammin ) The score reflects the quality of the essay as a whole its content, its

More information

Figurative Language & Poetic Devices

Figurative Language & Poetic Devices Figurative Language & Poetic Devices Poetry is one of the major genres (types) of literature using language to create a flow of sounds and ideas the art of playing with words to influence emotions Stanza

More information

Date Re-Assessed. Indicator. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.5.3 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

Date Re-Assessed. Indicator. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.5.3 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. CCSS English/Language Arts Standards Reading: Foundational Skills Fifth Grade Retaught Reviewed Assessed Phonics and Word Recognition CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.5.3 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word

More information

Laying the Foundation English Diagnostic Activity Comparison/Contrast Grade 7 KEY

Laying the Foundation English Diagnostic Activity Comparison/Contrast Grade 7 KEY Multiple Choice Activity Mother to Son and Fear Answer Section 1. ANS: D The correct answer is choice D. The colon introduces the advice the mother is going to offer the son. She offers this advice in

More information

Check in and introductions Reading academic articles - strategies Essay Basics : The assignment fulfilling requirements Three prewriting strategies &

Check in and introductions Reading academic articles - strategies Essay Basics : The assignment fulfilling requirements Three prewriting strategies & Check in and introductions Reading academic articles - strategies Essay Basics : The assignment fulfilling requirements Three prewriting strategies & the dynamic outline Genre types of writing: anecdotal

More information

English Language Arts Reading, Writing, and Communicating

English Language Arts Reading, Writing, and Communicating English Language Arts Reading, Writing, and Communicating Standard 1. Speaking and Listening 2. Reading for All Purposes 3. Writing and Composition 4. Research and Reasoning Fifth Grade Level Expectations

More information

AP ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION 2015 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION 2015 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION 2015 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 1 (Derek Walcott, XIV ) The score should reflect the quality of the essay as a whole its content, style, and mechanics. Reward the

More information

Similes, Metaphors. & Personification. Writing. Objective: To write own poems, experimenting with active verbs and personification.

Similes, Metaphors. & Personification. Writing. Objective: To write own poems, experimenting with active verbs and personification. Similes, Metaphors Writing & Personification Objective: To write own poems, experimenting with active verbs and personification. To produce revised poems for reading aloud individually. What does simile

More information

International Journal of Advance ISSN 2347-7075 and Applied Research (IJAAR) Impact Factor 0.899

International Journal of Advance ISSN 2347-7075 and Applied Research (IJAAR) Impact Factor 0.899 International Journal of Advance ISSN 2347-7075 and Applied Research (IJAAR) Impact Factor 0.899 Peer Reviewed Bi-Monthly Vol.1No.6 July- Aug 2014 A STYLISTIC ANALYSIS OF A. K. RAMANUJAN S POEM `BREADED

More information

Points possible: 50. Make sure you think about the explicit and the implied elements of the question prompt. What are you really being asked to do?

Points possible: 50. Make sure you think about the explicit and the implied elements of the question prompt. What are you really being asked to do? 2.3.6 Practice: Opinion Paper Practice Assignment English II Core (2013) Sem 1 (S2647212) Points possible: 50 Assignment Write an opinion essay in response to one of the following essay prompts: A. Who

More information

SKILLS FOR ELA CCLS. Reading Literature (K-12) Reading Informational Text (K-12) Reading Foundational Skills (K-5) Writing (K-12)

SKILLS FOR ELA CCLS. Reading Literature (K-12) Reading Informational Text (K-12) Reading Foundational Skills (K-5) Writing (K-12) SKILLS FOR ELA CCLS Reading Literature (K-12) K - 6 pages 1-21 7-12 pages 22-33 Reading Informational Text (K-12) K - 6 pages 34-54 7-12 pages 55-66 Reading Foundational Skills (K-5) K - 5 pages 67-75

More information

Grade Level: 2 nd Grade

Grade Level: 2 nd Grade 1. Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text. RL.2.1.

More information

AP ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION 2014 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION 2014 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION 2014 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 1 (George Gascoigne s For That He Looked Not upon Her ) The score should reflect the quality of the essay as a whole its content,

More information

Grade 8 English Language Arts 90 Reading and Responding, Lesson 9

Grade 8 English Language Arts 90 Reading and Responding, Lesson 9 GRADE 8 English Language Arts Reading and Responding: Lesson 9 Read aloud to the students the material that is printed in boldface type inside the boxes. Information in regular type inside the boxes and

More information

Minnesota K-12 Academic Standards in Language Arts Curriculum and Assessment Alignment Form Rewards Intermediate Grades 4-6

Minnesota K-12 Academic Standards in Language Arts Curriculum and Assessment Alignment Form Rewards Intermediate Grades 4-6 Minnesota K-12 Academic Standards in Language Arts Curriculum and Assessment Alignment Form Rewards Intermediate Grades 4-6 4 I. READING AND LITERATURE A. Word Recognition, Analysis, and Fluency The student

More information

Academic Standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening June 1, 2009 FINAL Elementary Standards Grades 3-8

Academic Standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening June 1, 2009 FINAL Elementary Standards Grades 3-8 Academic Standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening June 1, 2009 FINAL Elementary Standards Grades 3-8 Pennsylvania Department of Education These standards are offered as a voluntary resource

More information

Read the text line by line silently. Then read it aloud. Sound is very important in a poem.

Read the text line by line silently. Then read it aloud. Sound is very important in a poem. Instructor: Derek Pacheco English 4W How to Read a Poem 1. Read the Text Read the text line by line silently. Then read it aloud. Sound is very important in a poem. 2. Consider the Dramatic Situation Consider

More information

The Narrative Essay. *What is a Narrative Essay? *Basic qualities of a narrative essay:

The Narrative Essay. *What is a Narrative Essay? *Basic qualities of a narrative essay: The Narrative Essay *What is a Narrative Essay? Narrative writing tells a story. In essays, the narrative writing could also be considered reflection or an exploration of the author's values told as a

More information

Students will understand that good readers always ask and answer questions about a text. that certain words signal a question.

Students will understand that good readers always ask and answer questions about a text. that certain words signal a question. Kindergarten Reading Standards for Literature: Key Ideas and Details 1. Why do readers read? 2. How do readers construct meaning? Essential detail, text, questions, who, what, where, when, why, how, retell,

More information

How to Write an IELTS Essay

How to Write an IELTS Essay How to Write an IELTS Essay On this page you will find some guidance on how you should write an IELTS essay. This is just one essay, so it is important to analyse model answers for other IELTS essays because

More information

Teacher Guide for FAST-R Passage: FAST-R: Formative Assessments of Student Thinking in Reading. Sonnet 138 and Sonnet 73 Poetry.

Teacher Guide for FAST-R Passage: FAST-R: Formative Assessments of Student Thinking in Reading. Sonnet 138 and Sonnet 73 Poetry. Teacher Guide for FAST-R Passage: FAST-R: Formative Assessments of Student Thinking in Reading At a Glance Approximate Grade Range: 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Genre: Poetry Topic: Love belongs to those who

More information

Poetry 10 Terminology

Poetry 10 Terminology Poetry 10 Terminology This list of terms is a building block that will be further developed in future grades. It contains the terms you are responsible for learning in your grade ten year. o The new terms

More information

Write the key elements of the plot in a story you have read.

Write the key elements of the plot in a story you have read. F OR USE WITH F OCUS L ESSON 1: PLOT, SETTING, AND T HEME 1a Plot is the series of events in a story. Exposition is the author s introduction to the characters and setting. The conflict, or problem, sets

More information

About This Lesson: Figurative Language and Imagery

About This Lesson: Figurative Language and Imagery About This Lesson: Figurative Language and Imagery Common Core State Standards Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8 RL 4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and

More information

Formal, Analytical Essay Writing. Review: Literary Analysis Format; Plagiarism (page # s refer to Writers Inc.)

Formal, Analytical Essay Writing. Review: Literary Analysis Format; Plagiarism (page # s refer to Writers Inc.) Formal, Analytical Essay Writing Review: Literary Analysis Format; Plagiarism (page # s refer to Writers Inc.) What is an Literary Analysis Essay? (pg 245-252) An essay is essentially an argument, based

More information

Planning and Writing Essays

Planning and Writing Essays Planning and Writing Essays Many of your coursework assignments will take the form of an essay. This leaflet will give you an overview of the basic stages of planning and writing an academic essay but

More information

Conventions for Writing a Literary Analysis Paper

Conventions for Writing a Literary Analysis Paper Conventions for Writing a Literary Analysis Paper BCCC Tutoring Center This handout can be used in conjunction with the Tutoring Center s resource, How to Write a Literary Analysis Paper. Your Writing

More information

Cambridge English: Proficiency (CPE) Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Cambridge English: Proficiency (CPE) Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Cambridge English: Proficiency (CPE) Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Is there a wordlist for Cambridge English: Proficiency exams? No. Examinations that are at CEFR Level B2 (independent user), or above

More information

CRCT Content Descriptions based on the Georgia Performance Standards. Reading Grades 1-8

CRCT Content Descriptions based on the Georgia Performance Standards. Reading Grades 1-8 CRCT Content Descriptions based on the Georgia Performance Standards Reading Grades 1-8 Kathy Cox State Superintendent of Schools June 2007 Criterion-Referenced Competency Tests (CRCT) Content Descriptions

More information

Project. KS3 English Poetry - Home Learning. 12 th February. Name. English Poetry. Subject. Tutor group. My current level. My end of year target level

Project. KS3 English Poetry - Home Learning. 12 th February. Name. English Poetry. Subject. Tutor group. My current level. My end of year target level KS3 English Poetry - Home Learning Project Name Subject English Poetry Tutor group My current level My end of year target level Deadline 12 th February Where Can I Get Help? Library Mr Boxer can help you

More information

Response to Literature Essay Writing

Response to Literature Essay Writing Response to Literature Essay Writing Intro. Paragraph with thesis statement* Body Par. #1 Body Par. #2 Body Par. #3 (optional) Concluding Paragraph Introductory Paragraph -- Like a funnel, start with a

More information

Poetry Unit Test. Directions: Read the following poem, and answer the questions below.

Poetry Unit Test. Directions: Read the following poem, and answer the questions below. Poetry Unit Test Directions: Read the following poem, and answer the questions below. The West Wind It s a warm wind, the west wind, full of birds cries; I never hear the west wind but tears are in my

More information

Literature in the Romantic Age «Poetic visions» Poetry again becomes one of the most vital forms of literary expression

Literature in the Romantic Age «Poetic visions» Poetry again becomes one of the most vital forms of literary expression Literature in the Romantic Age «Poetic visions» Poetry again becomes one of the most vital forms of literary expression The main characteristics of Romanticism are intensity and imagination. In the Romantic

More information

Writing Thesis Defense Papers

Writing Thesis Defense Papers Writing Thesis Defense Papers The point of these papers is for you to explain and defend a thesis of your own critically analyzing the reasoning offered in support of a claim made by one of the philosophers

More information

Teaching the Literary Analysis Essay

Teaching the Literary Analysis Essay Teaching the Literary Analysis Essay by Matthew Brown STEP 1: IGNORE THE PROMPT Writing a literary analysis essay is about textual analysis, not prompt analysis. Too often, students get the impression

More information

Introduction - elite English skills target series - Unseen Poetry

Introduction - elite English skills target series - Unseen Poetry Introduction - elite English skills target series - Unseen Poetry These exercises are designed to allow students to practice analysing English poetry. Similar type exercises can be found in the Secondary

More information

Literature to Film, Literary Analysis, Mr. Seller

Literature to Film, Literary Analysis, Mr. Seller How to write a Literary Analysis A good analysis shows not only a student s skill in composition, but also his/her depth of explaining and understanding of the impact of literature. ANALYSIS Literary Analysis

More information

Chapter 4. Rule #4: A Text Taken out of Context Becomes a Pretext

Chapter 4. Rule #4: A Text Taken out of Context Becomes a Pretext Chapter 4. Rule #4: A Text Taken out of Context Becomes a Pretext When I first designed this book, each rule was going to have the same three words followed by a fourth world. Chapter 1 was Read Your Bible

More information

WHY AND HOW TO REVISE

WHY AND HOW TO REVISE Page 1 of 5 Revising Your Paper WHY AND HOW TO REVISE Most of us who compose on a computer understand revision as an ongoing, even constant process. Every time you hit the delete button, every time you

More information

GLOSSARY. APA The style manual for documenting the use of sources in researched writing that is prescribed by the American Psychological Association.

GLOSSARY. APA The style manual for documenting the use of sources in researched writing that is prescribed by the American Psychological Association. GLOSSARY ANALYSIS 1. Level four of Bloom s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. 2. Separating into basic parts for detailed study. 3. The detailed examination of anything complex. 4. In literature, the

More information

Middle School Curriculum: Personal Narrative

Middle School Curriculum: Personal Narrative Middle School Curriculum: Personal Narrative 6th Grade (p.58 standards) 7th Grade Personal Narrative - Students will write a narrative that is at least 2 pages in length. Students will learn skills that

More information

Poetry Unit Goals. For. Kindergarten to 8 th Grade Students

Poetry Unit Goals. For. Kindergarten to 8 th Grade Students For Kindergarten to 8 th Grade Students Table of Contents Preface... 1 Poetry Unit Goals Kindergarten to 1 st Grade Class... 2 1 st to 3 rd Grade Class... 3 4 th to 6 th Grade Class... 4 6 th to 8 th Grade

More information

Essay Essentials 5: Transitioning in Essays

Essay Essentials 5: Transitioning in Essays Success Center Directed Learning Activity (DLA) Essay Essentials 5: Transitioning in Essays W005.1 Directed Learning Activity Essay Essentials 5: Transitioning in Essays Description: After completing this

More information

Writing With Writers: Karla Kuskin Poetry Step 1: My Poem

Writing With Writers: Karla Kuskin Poetry Step 1: My Poem Writing With Writers: Karla Kuskin Poetry Step 1: My Poem ME By Karla Kuskin My nose is blue, my teeth are green, my face is like a soup tureen. I look just like a lima bean. I'm very, very lovely. My

More information

Year 11 Poetry Revision L.O: To revise understanding of the poems La Belle Dame Sans Merci and Sonnet 116

Year 11 Poetry Revision L.O: To revise understanding of the poems La Belle Dame Sans Merci and Sonnet 116 Year 11 Poetry Revision L.O: To revise understanding of the poems La Belle Dame Sans Merci and Sonnet 116 Starter: Make as many words as you can from the word astrological By John Keats https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ql-l8exx3kq

More information

StudySync Lesson Plan

StudySync Lesson Plan StudySync Lesson Plan The Raven Objectives Time 1. Students will read and listen to Edgar Allan Poe s The Raven. 2. Students will respond to the text through writing and discussion. 3. Practice and reinforce

More information

The Grammardog Guide to The Tragedy of King Lear by William Shakespeare

The Grammardog Guide to The Tragedy of King Lear by William Shakespeare The Grammardog Guide to The Tragedy of King Lear by William Shakespeare All quizzes use sentences from the play. Includes over 250 multiple choice questions. About Grammardog Grammardog was founded in

More information

Figurative Language. Words that you need to know

Figurative Language. Words that you need to know Figurative Language Words that you need to know What is Figurative Language? Figurative language is language that doesn t mean exactly what it says. Figurative language uses words and phrases to create

More information

Rhyme Internal rhyme External rhyme Rhyme scheme Repetition

Rhyme Internal rhyme External rhyme Rhyme scheme Repetition POETRY UNIT 5 What is poetry? Poetry is the most concentrated form of literature. It makes every word, every syllable, and every punctuation mark count for something. All good poems allow the reader to

More information

How to Write a Book Analysis

How to Write a Book Analysis How to Write a Book Analysis A book analysis is a description, critical analysis, and an evaluation on the quality, meaning, and significance of a book, not a retelling. It should focus on the book's purpose,

More information

How to Plan and Guide In Class Peer Review Sessions

How to Plan and Guide In Class Peer Review Sessions How to Plan and Guide In Class Peer Review Sessions Incorporating peer review into your course can help your students become better writers, readers, and collaborators. However, peer review must be planned

More information

AK + ASD Writing Grade Level Expectations For Grades 3-6

AK + ASD Writing Grade Level Expectations For Grades 3-6 Revised ASD June 2004 AK + ASD Writing For Grades 3-6 The first row of each table includes a heading that summarizes the performance standards, and the second row includes the complete performance standards.

More information

the reader question our relationship with technology. In the first 23 lines of the poem, she

the reader question our relationship with technology. In the first 23 lines of the poem, she In May Swenson s poem Southbound on the Freeway, the author uses a shift to make the reader question our relationship with technology. In the first 23 lines of the poem, she describes a scene where an

More information

The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe

The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe Teacher s notes: a summary of activities Understanding of plot Storyboard the poem using a picture for every verse Write about the events in the poem as if it were a short story. Use modern English vocabulary.

More information