BUGS BUGS BUGS! Museum Victoria Early Learning Program. Bugs Bugs Bugs! Resource Kit. Acknowledgements

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "BUGS BUGS BUGS! Museum Victoria Early Learning Program. Bugs Bugs Bugs! Resource Kit. Acknowledgements"

Transcription

1 BUGS BUGS BUGS! Museum Victoria Early Learning Program This kit was designed to provide background information that will enhance children s visit to the Bugs Alive! exhibition or to see the bugs in the Children s Gallery. It is intended to provide information about bugs and ideas for activities that will build on the experiences children had during their visit. These are designed in sections to cater for a variety of learning experiences. 1. Background information about bugs 2. Science experiences relating to bugs 3. Social and musical experiences 4. Dramatic and creative experiences 5. Group experiences and resources 6. Images that may be reproduced Acknowledgements Museum Victoria would like to acknowledge and thank Sue Elliot and Anne Smith for developing these resources. Illustrations by Sharyn Madder and Graham A. Milledge. Photographs by Alan Henderson. All photographs and illustrations copyright Museum Victoria (2000, 2003). Other materials republished with permission. These materials may be reproduced for teaching purposes and personal use. Pernission to reproduce any material for other purposes must be obtained from Museum Victoria. 1

2 Background information Case Moths Children and adults are fascinated by case moths and often bring them in to early childhood centres. The caterpillar of this moth makes a silk bag or cocoon for protection and attaches small pieces of stick to it, which it has chewed off to the correct length. It does this while it is in the caterpillar eating stage not just when it is ready to pupate. Children can often see the front of the caterpillar crawling along moving its bag as it goes. Some case moth caterpillars make a type of silk ladder to help them climb up walls or trees. The case becomes a stationary cocoon while the caterpillar is pupating. The female case moth is usually wingless and never leaves her case. Beetles Beetles are insects that come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Children may remember the giant cut away/light up Rhinoceros Beetle model at Bugs Alive exhibit and the actual beetle beside it and/or the Dung Beetle or the Water Beetle exhibit. The beetle featured in the Children s museum is the Rhinoceros Beetle. The Rhinoceros beetle with its hard shell and prominent horn is very strong. It buries animal dung under the ground as a food source for itself and its larvae. In this way it is very beneficial for soil fertility. Beetles go through complete metamorphosis. The larva can be a grub, worm or squat type shapes that children may find digging in the ground. Beetles then have a pupa or resting stage. The adult has biting mouthparts. Some eat plant material while some are carnivorous. Ladybirds are beetles. Weevils with their distinctive long snout are beetles. Click beetles that can bend their body and then spring in the air are fascinating beetles for children. The Rhinoceros beetle is featured in the Children s Museum. Children may also remember the giant light up/cut away model in the Bugs Alive exhibit. It has a distinctive horn on its head and hard blackish covering. It digs burrows in the ground and moves animal dung into these for itself and its larvae to eat. It is very strong moving many times its own weight. Silk Worms All beetles have a hard protective body and first pair of wings. These hard wings are not used for flying. Gauzy ones that have been folded underneath are. The hard wings are held out to the side. This can make the beetle appear clumsy when it flies. Silk worms are the larval (caterpillar) stage of the silk worm moth (Bombyx mori). It is bred commercially in some countries for the silk thread that the caterpillar uses to spin its cocoon. Eggs can be purchased from Monique Fenner in Melbourne. (See resources section.) Caterpillars only eat Mulberry leaves and need fresh ones each day. Old leaves and droppings must be removed daily. Caterpillars are large making it easy for children to observe the process of spinning the cocoon. Adult moths don t feed and live only a few days long enough to mate and lay eggs. 2

3 Snails The common garden snail has a very poor reputation with gardeners, but is a fascinating creature and easy to manage with children. The snail has a large soft muscular foot that it moves on and its movement is best observed from the underside through glass or perspex. The whole foot can be withdrawn into the shell, particularly in dry weather this helps conserve moisture. Children can observe the two pairs of antennae, the larger ones with black eyespots are for seeing and the smaller ones are for sensing touch and smell. Snails breathe through a hole just under the rim of the shell, watch carefully for the hole to open and close. The same hole is also for excrement! Snails eat plants using a rasp like structure called a radula. If keeping them temporarily, try a range of plant materials to observe their preferences. Snails have both male and female parts, but do mate to exchange sperm. Snail eggs are laid in moist soil and appear like tiny whitish balls of jelly. About forty eggs are laid and they take about three weeks to hatch into baby snails. The common garden snail is closely related to water snails and sea snails (seashells). Earthworms Earthworms are often found in the soil when gardening with children, but can be kept in worm farms to compost food waste too. The most obvious features of earthworms are the segmentations or rings and the clitellum or saddle which has a reproductive function. Each body segment has four pairs of bristles (only observable with a strong magnifier) which secure the worm, while the body muscles contract to move the worm along. Worms are light sensitive and therefore will burrow down when exposed. Also, their bodies need to be moist to allow them to breathe through their skin. However, too much water brings them to the surface to avoid drowning in their tunnels in the ground. Sometimes children may find worm castings (or poo) like little coils of soil on the ground at the top of the tunnels. It s important to convey to children the importance of worms in maintaining healthy soil through the decomposition of organic waste and soil aeration. Worms have both male and female parts, but mate to exchange sperm. The clitellum then secretes a band of mucus that the eggs and sperm are deposited into as the worm wiggles backwards out of the mucus band. The mucus band forms an egg capsule that looks like a grain of brown rice and contains a few eggs that hatch as baby worms after two to five weeks depending on temperature. Children can search for egg capsules in worm farms; they are easy to find. Dragonflies Dragonflies are insects with three separate body parts, a head, thorax and abdomen, but are distinguished by a very long abdomen and two pairs of transparent wings. The wings are very powerful and allow them to hover, dart, glide and reverse with agility. Children in a movement group could interpret such flying movements. Dragonflies are carnivorous and catch small insects, such as flies and mosquitoes, with their strong pincers while in flight. Their large eyes dominate the head and enable them to see all around them, even behind. (Children could compare this to their own vision.) Dragonflies live near freshwater creeks or ponds, as they require water for reproduction. After mating the female lays eggs in the water or on water plants. The young nymph (or mudeye) emerges and lives in the water crawling, eating, growing and moulting. When the nymph is ready to turn into an adult it climbs out of the water onto a plant and the last moult occurs to reveal a winged adult dragon fly. Dragonfly nymphs live up to five years and can be kept for a brief period in an aquarium, but do require small live water animals such as mosquito larvae (or wrigglers) to eat. 3

4 Centipedes and Millipedes Spiders These common garden animals are often grouped together, but are very different. Centipedes have a flattened and segmented body that is reddish brown in colour. They move very quickly, a feature that enables them to catch prey. They also have poison fangs or jaws to kill their prey and for this reason handling centipedes is to be avoided. In contrast, millipedes have a rounded and segmented body that is black in colour. Millipedes are slow moving herbivores and graze on dead plant material. They are easy to handle and will often curl into a spiral shape or create a tickling sensation on your hand. Using a magnifier it is easy for children to observe the legs, segments and antennae. Millipedes could be kept briefly in an appropriate container for observation. Centipedes do not have one hundred legs and millipedes a million as their names suggest, rather centipedes have one pair of legs per body segment and millipedes have two pairs of legs per body segment. This could be explored further with children as a mathematical experience, matching the right number of legs to each body segment on a millipede or centipede model. Spiders are not insects. They are however animals without backbones and with jointed legs so belong in the same large group. Insects have a body with three parts and six legs and the adult usually has four wings. Insects usually undergo complete or partial metamorphosis in their life cycle. (See the section on moths and butterflies.) Spiders have a body composed of two parts the cephalothorax and the abdomen. Children typically draw spiders with one body part. It is important that we help them observe live animals closely whenever possible. Spiders have eight walking legs attached to the cephalothorax, as well as palps and fangs near the mouth for manipulating food and injecting venom. Most spiders have eight simple eyes. All spiders produce web through the spinnerets at the rear of the abdomen. Not all spiders use webs to trap prey. Some, such as huntsman, pounce on their prey. Spiders only eat live prey, typically insects and other spiders. Spiders never have wings or antennae or undergo metamorphosis. All spiders produce venom to kill their prey. Mostly this is not potent enough to harm humans though, in a few species such as the Sydney Funnel Web spider the venom can be potentially fatal. In Melbourne a spider bite is more likely to produce some local irritation and discomfort or cause a problem because of the bacteria from soil that the bite introduces. The Red back spider is featured in the Children s museum. This is potentially dangerous for children (though the last known death was almost 50 years ago). These spiders live around our houses and sheds, under seats, in pots and so on. They make an untidy web which they don t often leave. The female has the characteristic red markings on the abdomen and is bigger and much more venomous than the male. Adults should be careful when moving equipment outdoors that has been there for sometime, and also model glove wearing when cleaning up areas of rubbish. There are many small spiders from the playground that children can observe for a short time. To see a spider in the process of making and lowering itself on a web is a wonderful experience for young children. Children should not handle spiders as a few can be dangerous and just as importantly because spiders are fragile children will damage them. It is hard to keep spiders successfully in captivity because they only eat live food. 4

5 Metamorphosis Many insects such as butterflies, moths, bees, ants and beetles go through complete metamorphosis. That is a larva stage (which is the eating growing stage) rests as a pupa and then emerges as the adult insect which looks quite different to the larval stage and is the reproductive part of the life cycle. The concept of metamorphosis is fascinating for children. Many great picture books bear witness to this. With butterflies and moths the larva is referred to as a caterpillar. As the caterpillar grows it moults ie. its skin splits and a new larger elastic skin is underneath. It goes through several moults before it is ready to pupate. As a pupa it appears to be resting, but its body structure is being reorganised and wings are growing. A butterfly caterpillar does not surround itself with a protective covering before pupating. (Usually referred to as a chrysalis.) A moth usually makes a cocoon to surround and protect the pupa. Sometimes this is of silk, sometimes it is between two leaves. Sometimes the moth caterpillar pupates in a burrow under the ground. An adult butterfly and many moths have a roll up tongue that it can unroll to suck nectar from flowers. Children can easily see these stages in the life cycles of the Cabbage White Butterfly and the Silk Worm described below. Breeding out an unknown caterpillar that a child finds can be fun if you can establish the correct food plant. It is however much more likely to turn into a moth than a butterfly as there are many more species of moths. It may pupate for many months. The Wanderer butterfly is featured in the Children s Museum. This bright orange and black butterfly may only be seen in Melbourne every 3 or 4 years when butterflies migrate here, but is common each year in Sydney and Brisbane. The caterpillars are bright with yellow, white and black stripes. The chrysalis is green with some black and gold. This butterfly is known as a Monarch in North America. The giant model of the wanderer flapping its wings high up on the wall is for many children a lasting memory of the museum visit. Cicadas Cicadas are insects of the type that use mouthparts to suck their food. As with crickets, cicadas do not have complete metamorphosis. They spend most of their life as nymphs, which look similar to the adult cicada, but with no wings and with strong front legs for digging. They live and grow under the ground, attached to tree roots, sucking the sap. They often remain there for several years until emerging one summer night. They then crawl up a tree and as their hard skin cracks along the back, they emerge as an adult. The skins that are left are the cicada shells children find. The adults have only a few weeks of freedom to fly and mate and lay eggs, which hatch as nymphs and burrow under the ground. Slaters Slaters are actually an introduced species. They are also called Wood Lice and are thought to have come on ships from Europe in times of early settlement. They are not insects, but are more closely related to crustaceans such as crayfish and prawns, that live in the sea. They have 14 legs as adults and 12 as young. They eat decaying vegetable matter and the bacteria associated with it. Predators include birds, small lizards and spiders. They live in leaf litter and avoid drying out. They moult as they grow. Some can curl up completely for protection. These are often referred to as pill bugs. Slaters are also called butcher or butchy boys. 5

This presentation provides an introduction to insect biology and identification. Gaining an understanding of the biology and life cycle of insects is

This presentation provides an introduction to insect biology and identification. Gaining an understanding of the biology and life cycle of insects is This presentation provides an introduction to insect biology and identification. Gaining an understanding of the biology and life cycle of insects is useful for proper management. 1 In order to appreciate

More information

Life Cycles of Animals

Life Cycles of Animals Life Cycles of Animals 1. Animals go through the same life cycle as their parents. It starts as a fertilised egg. The fertilized egg develops into an embryo. The embryo develops into a young animal. The

More information

Life Cycle of a Butterfly

Life Cycle of a Butterfly Name: Date: Life Cycle of a Butterfly Life cycle refers to the stages of development, growth and reproduction that a living thing goes through. The butterfly's life cycle is made up of four stages: egg,

More information

Life Cycle of a Butterfly 3A-2

Life Cycle of a Butterfly 3A-2 Praying Mantis 3A-1 Hi, boys and girls. It s time to meet one of the most fascinating insects on the planet. That s me. I m a praying mantis, named for the way I hold my two front legs together as though

More information

Food chain to food web game. The Sun. Sun. The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light

Food chain to food web game. The Sun. Sun. The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light Sun The Sun The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light Plants Plants Plants need the sun to make their own food through a process called photosynthesis.

More information

Classification. Living Things. bacteria and blue green algae: (single celled organisms without a nucleus)

Classification. Living Things. bacteria and blue green algae: (single celled organisms without a nucleus) Teacher Discovery Card Classification Information There are millions different kinds plants and animals in the world Each different kind plant and animal is called a species We can group species together

More information

Insect identification sheet

Insect identification sheet information leaflet Insect identification sheet To enable you to identify the insect you have in your home, we have provided some identification sheets. These depict the most common pest species that you

More information

Insect Life Cycle. www.readinga-z.com. Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials.

Insect Life Cycle. www.readinga-z.com. Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. Insect Life Cycle A Reading A Z Level L Leveled Reader Word Count: 607 LEVELED READER L Written by Chuck Garofano Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. www.readinga-z.com Photo

More information

PETERSFIELD PONY CLUB

PETERSFIELD PONY CLUB PETERSFIELD PONY CLUB MAIN ACHIEVEMENT BADGE BUTTERFLIES & MOTHS Name : Complete the multiple choice Quiz Complete the TWO diagrams Complete the Wordsearch Complete the Crossword The Ultimate Butterflies

More information

insect life cycles reflect

insect life cycles reflect reflect Most animals look like their parents when they are born. The babies are just smaller. They might look like small grown-ups. Kittens look like small cats. Insects are different. Newborn bees do

More information

Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look

Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look carefully. Most are smaller than your pinkie nail! Many

More information

Insect Life Cycle LEVELED READER BOOK LA. www.readinga-z.com. Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials.

Insect Life Cycle LEVELED READER BOOK LA. www.readinga-z.com. Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. Insect Life Cycle A Reading A Z Level L Leveled Book Word Count: 607 LEVELED READER BOOK LA Written by Chuck Garofano Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. www.readinga-z.com Photo

More information

page 2 page 3 Butterflies are insects belonging to the order Lepidoptera with about 140,000 species. The Australian number is about 370.

page 2 page 3 Butterflies are insects belonging to the order Lepidoptera with about 140,000 species. The Australian number is about 370. page 2 page 3 Teacher's Notes Butterflies Lifecycles and Survival Strategies Years: 7-12 Duration: 20 mins The study of butterflies offers an excellent avenue for studying the living world at the local

More information

Materials For each student (or group of students): Caterpillar data sheets Pencil For teacher: Chart paper Markers

Materials For each student (or group of students): Caterpillar data sheets Pencil For teacher: Chart paper Markers Insects! Concepts Life cycles and metamorphosis are common to all insects. Butterflies, like most insects, go through complete metamorphosis involving four distinct phases egg, caterpillar (larva), chrysalis

More information

The Life Cycles of Animals

The Life Cycles of Animals Chapter The Life Cycles of Animals Hey, look at the eggs in this nest! Some baby birds have hatched! All baby frogs have tails. The tail disappears as the frog becomes an adult. Baby frogs look quite different

More information

Metamorphosis 5.10C. A butterfly changes in size and shape as it develops from a young insect into an adult Rice University All Rights Reserved

Metamorphosis 5.10C. A butterfly changes in size and shape as it develops from a young insect into an adult Rice University All Rights Reserved Look at a picture of yourself when you were younger. Do you look the same now as you did then? Many things have probably changed. You have gotten taller, your body weighs more, and you are able to do things

More information

Bug Scavenger Hunt and Memory Game

Bug Scavenger Hunt and Memory Game Bug Scavenger Hunt and Memory Game Bug Hunt Instructions: 1. Print out one copy of the Bug Scavenger Hunt on card stock or other thick paper. You can laminate them for durability. 2. Cut out the individual

More information

Metamorphosis. reflect. look out!

Metamorphosis. reflect. look out! reflect Look at a picture of yourself when you were younger. Do you look the same now as you did then? Many things have probably changed. You have gotten taller, your body weighs more, and you are able

More information

Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis. Let s look at the difference!

Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis. Let s look at the difference! Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis Let s look at the difference! What is metamorphosis? Metamorphosis refers to the way that certain organisms develop, grow, and change form. Metamorphosis actually

More information

Macroinvertebrates. What are macros?

Macroinvertebrates. What are macros? Macroinvertebrates What are macros? Macroinvertebrates are organisms that lack a spine and are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. Examples of macroinvertebrates include flatworms, crayfish, snails,

More information

Lifecycle of an Insect: Guessing Game Created by Marie Sayles, Garden Educator Sunset Elementary, San Francisco Unified School District

Lifecycle of an Insect: Guessing Game Created by Marie Sayles, Garden Educator Sunset Elementary, San Francisco Unified School District Lifecycle of an Insect: Guessing Game Created by Marie Sayles, Garden Educator Sunset Elementary, San Francisco Unified School District LESSON SUMMARY In this lesson, students will learn the lifecycles

More information

SPECIES DESCRIPTION Picture

SPECIES DESCRIPTION Picture SPECIES DESCRIPTION Picture German Cockroach Cockroach egg case & nymphs 12-15mm (Adult Stage)Mid to dark brown body. Lighter area with 2 dark bars behind head. Wings. Very long antennae. Young are smaller

More information

Class Insecta - The insects

Class Insecta - The insects A Introduction 1. Very species rich 2. Characteristics a. 3 pairs of legs b. 2 pairs of wings (most) except flies (1 pair of wings - Diptera) B. Distribution 1. All habitats except saltwater - replaced

More information

Student worksheet. Bugs. Complete metamorphosis Dung Beetle lifecycle. Incomplete metamorphosis Leafhopper lifecycle

Student worksheet. Bugs. Complete metamorphosis Dung Beetle lifecycle. Incomplete metamorphosis Leafhopper lifecycle Complete metamorphosis Dung Beetle lifecycle Incomplete metamorphosis Leafhopper lifecycle Museum Victoria Bugs Classroom Activities Section 3 6 A Diving Beetle s story Museum Victoria Bugs Classroom Activities

More information

Science Life Cycle of the Butterfly

Science Life Cycle of the Butterfly Science Life Cycle of the Butterfly Here is a big word for you to remember: metamorphosis. Metamorphosis means that an animal changes in the way it looks and behaves as it develops. Most insects go through

More information

BUTTERFLY SCIENCE. 9 Science Activities for PreK, K & 1-3. 1 800 698 4438 EarthsBirthday.org

BUTTERFLY SCIENCE. 9 Science Activities for PreK, K & 1-3. 1 800 698 4438 EarthsBirthday.org BUTTERFLY SCIENCE 9 Science Activities for PreK, K & 1-3 1 800 698 4438 EarthsBirthday.org CONTENTS Butterfly Life Cycle Song 4 Changing Butterfly Dance 5 What Is a Caterpillar? 6 Caterpillar & Pupa Timelines

More information

Ohio Plants & Animals

Ohio Plants & Animals Ohio Plants & Animals GOAL: To study and observe local plants and animals in various life stages and habitats. Small Group Procedures Concept: A field experience is enhanced when students are able to focus

More information

The presentation of the life cycle comes in different forms so you can just choose the kind of presentation you like and print it.

The presentation of the life cycle comes in different forms so you can just choose the kind of presentation you like and print it. Hello! Thank you for downloading my Animal Life Cycles learning materials. I create this material for my son who loves animals and loves to learn anything about them. We use this file for our Animal Kingdom

More information

Butterfly or Moth? Made for 2nd Graders... Project Bibliography

Butterfly or Moth? Made for 2nd Graders... Project Bibliography Butterfly or Moth? Made for 2nd Graders... Project Bibliography Butterfly or Moth? Today you will learn about a Painted Lady Butterfly and a Robin (Cecropia) Moth. What is a butterfly? Click the butterfly

More information

Life Cycle - Butterflies & Moths

Life Cycle - Butterflies & Moths Life Cycle - Butterflies & Moths butterfly goes through four stages in its life. All animals A change as they grow and mature but butterflies and moths undergo the biggest change of all. Butterfly Pupa

More information

The Biology of Butterflies

The Biology of Butterflies The Biology of Butterflies Compiled by Emily Kearny, Cornell University 2010 Background and Identification Butterflies are in the order Lepidoptera which are insects with scaled wings. Moths are also in

More information

The Life Cycle of Butterflies and Beetles By: Sue Peterson

The Life Cycle of Butterflies and Beetles By: Sue Peterson www.k5learning.com Objective sight words (life cycle, stages, oval, intended, enclose, transformation, structures, reproductive, mates, colonizes, metamorphosis, emerges); concepts (stages of growth) Vocabulary

More information

CB Trust Insect Life Cycle and Timeline

CB Trust Insect Life Cycle and Timeline CB Trust Insect Life Cycle and Timeline 1 Investigative Question: What are insects life needs? Goal: Understanding that insects have complex life cycles which are often dependent on host plants. These

More information

Algae Producer uses photosynthesis to produce

Algae Producer uses photosynthesis to produce Algae Producer uses photosynthesis to produce energy from absorbed sunlight using chlorophyll Photo: WikiCommons http://www.larousse.fr/encyclopedie/media/algues/11000970 Many kinds of algae (see image)

More information

BUTTERFLIES OVERVIEW:

BUTTERFLIES OVERVIEW: Second Grade BUTTERFLIES OVERVIEW: This unit, The Life Cycle of Butterflies, introduces students to life cycles using butterflies as the main organism to study. Throughout this unit students will learn

More information

INSECTS CLASSROOM RESOURCES CREATED AND COMPILED BY IPTV K-12 CONNECTIONS

INSECTS CLASSROOM RESOURCES CREATED AND COMPILED BY IPTV K-12 CONNECTIONS INSECTS CLASSROOM RESOURCES CREATED AND COMPILED BY IPTV K-12 CONNECTIONS *THE MATERIALS WERE DESIGNED TO ACCOMMODATE A K-6 AUDIENCE PLEASE MODIFY AS APPROPRIATE INSECTS A to Z Work with a partner to complete

More information

Common Grass Frog Fact Sheet

Common Grass Frog Fact Sheet Common Grass Frog Fact Sheet Common Name: Common Grass Frog, also known as common frog Scientific Name: Rana temporaria German Name: Grasfrosch Description: They are typically brown or greyish in color,

More information

Biology and life cycle of OE

Biology and life cycle of OE Biology and life cycle of OE What is OE? Ophryocystis elektroscirrha (OE) Protozoan parasite that infects monarch and queen butterflies What is OE? Protozoans: single celled organisms Share many characteristics

More information

Unit 3 Section 1 Lesson 1: Extreme Makeover

Unit 3 Section 1 Lesson 1: Extreme Makeover Focus Areas: Animal Life Styles; Science, Math, Language Arts Focus Skills: researching a topic using multiple sources, using mathematical functions, comparing and contrasting, following verbal directions

More information

honey bee By Henry Touray

honey bee By Henry Touray honey bee By Henry Touray Introduction For my project I have chosen to research Bees. I chose to find out about the bee because bees have been in the news lately. Lots of hives have died out and scientists

More information

Story -The life cycle of a shore crab Crabs live on rocky seashores and hide

Story -The life cycle of a shore crab Crabs live on rocky seashores and hide 1 Story -The life cycle of a shore crab Crabs live on rocky seashores and hide underneath rocks when the tide is low. Mating often occurs in spring and summer. The adult male and female come belly to belly

More information

Monarch Butterflies: Beautiful But Poisonous by Kelly Hashway

Monarch Butterflies: Beautiful But Poisonous by Kelly Hashway by Kelly Hashway If you ve ever seen a monarch butterfly, then you ve probably noticed their bright orange and black colors. It makes them easy to see in the sky. You may think this would put the Monarch

More information

Second Grade Insects Assessment

Second Grade Insects Assessment Second Grade Insects Assessment 1a. The stiff shell that covers an insect s body is called an: a. outer shell b. exoskeleton 1b. The stiff shell that covers and insect s body is called an: a. outer shell

More information

Characteristics of Insects:

Characteristics of Insects: Characteristics of Insects: How to Recognize Several Common Insect Orders illustrations and text by Donna Brunet This guide discusses obvious characteristics of ten common insect orders. Learning these

More information

Life Cycles 4.10C. baby mammals look like their parents. But most insects do not start

Life Cycles 4.10C. baby mammals look like their parents. But most insects do not start A tiny fish called the pygmy goby lives in coral reefs. It begins its life as an egg. The goby hatches and then floats through the ocean. After about three weeks, it becomes an adult. Then, the goby lays

More information

Metamorphosis Rock, Paper, Scissors

Metamorphosis Rock, Paper, Scissors Teacher Lesson Plan Animal Life Cycles Pre-Visit Lesson Duration: 30-40 minutes Minnesota State Science Standard Correlations: 3.4.3.2.1. Wisconsin State Science Standard Correlations: C.4.1, C.4.2, F

More information

Everything You Wanted to Know About Spiders!

Everything You Wanted to Know About Spiders! Everything You Wanted to Know About Spiders! How do spiders fit into the Animal Kingdom? Spiders are arthropods, a group of invertebrates containing insects, crustaceans, millipedes, centipedes, arachnids

More information

Pond Vocabulary Words and Meanings

Pond Vocabulary Words and Meanings Pond Vocabulary Words and Meanings Adapt: to adjust to a use or situation Aquatic: from or in the water Bacteria: tiny organisms, too small to be seen with the naked eye Carnivore: an animal that eats

More information

Butterflies and Moths

Butterflies and Moths Delta Science Reader Butterflies and Moths Delta Science Readers are nonfiction student books that provide science background and support the experiences of hands-on activities. Every Delta Science Reader

More information

BUTTERFLY LAB WONDER & LEARNING. Teacher s Guide PreK, K & 1st Grade Science Unit. 1 800 698 4438 EarthsBirthday.org

BUTTERFLY LAB WONDER & LEARNING. Teacher s Guide PreK, K & 1st Grade Science Unit. 1 800 698 4438 EarthsBirthday.org WONDER & LEARNING Teacher s Guide PreK, K & 1st Grade Science Unit 1 800 698 4438 EarthsBirthday.org BUTTERFLY LAB BUTTERFLY LAB Overview INTRO In spring, classrooms thoroughout New Mexico bring their

More information

3. The process were an animal grows a new skin and the old one falls off. a. I and II b. I and III c. I, II and III

3. The process were an animal grows a new skin and the old one falls off. a. I and II b. I and III c. I, II and III A. Circle the letter of the correct answer. 1. Another word for cycle is a. pedal b. pattern c. circular 2. Which animal carries its baby for 22 months? a. elephant b. hippopotamus c. sea cow 3. The process

More information

A PARENT AND TEACHER S GUIDE TO SHARING MONARCH! COME PLAY WITH ME WITH CHILDREN

A PARENT AND TEACHER S GUIDE TO SHARING MONARCH! COME PLAY WITH ME WITH CHILDREN A PARENT AND TEACHER S GUIDE TO SHARING MONARCH! COME PLAY WITH ME WITH CHILDREN by Ba Rea For over 35 years I have been raising and releasing monarch butterflies sharing them with the public in schools,

More information

Cycles of life. You will be visiting the museum to see some baby animals and their parents. Here are some of their stories.

Cycles of life. You will be visiting the museum to see some baby animals and their parents. Here are some of their stories. Cycles of life Some animals die of old age, some die of disease, some are killed and eaten by other animals. But the world does not run out of animals because more are being born or hatched all the time.

More information

ELF Insect Life Cycles February 20, Mitchell Elementary School. Introduction:

ELF Insect Life Cycles February 20, Mitchell Elementary School. Introduction: ELF Insect Life Cycles February 20, 2015 Mitchell Elementary School Introduction: Focus: Insects go through different stages as they grow from egg to adult. The stages of their life cycles are timed to

More information

The Cricket Lab. Introduction

The Cricket Lab. Introduction The Cricket Lab Introduction Humans have always been fascinated by crickets, mostly because crickets sing. Movie producers add their songs to sound tracks. The Chinese have used them for medicinal purposes,

More information

Butterfly Book. Grade Levels 3-5

Butterfly Book. Grade Levels 3-5 Overview Students will create a butterfly book where they will keep a journal of their observations in the butterfly garden. Subject Areas Science, Language Arts, Arts Duration Book making: 25 minutes

More information

STICK/LEAF INSECTS C A R E

STICK/LEAF INSECTS C A R E P & K Pets STICK/LEAF INSECTS C A R E INTRODUCTION Phasmids are insects that eat leaves and resemble leaves or sticks. They are usually green or brown but may reveal brightly coloured underwings when they

More information

Task 2 Multi-text reading: Interesting facts about butterflies

Task 2 Multi-text reading: Interesting facts about butterflies Task 2 Multi-text reading: Interesting facts about butterflies Level: ISE III Focus: Task 2 Multi-text reading Aims: To read for gist and specific information and to deduce meaning from context Objectives:

More information

Wild About... Frogs and Frogspawn

Wild About... Frogs and Frogspawn a Wild About... Rutland County Council Nature notes Frogs belong to a group of animals called amphibians, which also includes newts and toads. Amphibians live both on land and in water. Water is needed

More information

The Jungle in My Garden

The Jungle in My Garden The Jungle in My Garden I know a lot about spiders. You could say I m a spider expert. I think they are amazing creatures, and I travel all over the world looking for them. I write about spiders (and about

More information

How Insects Feed from Flowers

How Insects Feed from Flowers The Pollinator Garden: www.foxleas.com How Insects Feed from Flowers The main insect groupings that include species that use flowers as a food source are: Butterflies and Moths (Lepidoptera), Bees and

More information

Amazing Metamorphosis II

Amazing Metamorphosis II Amazing Metamorphosis II Run Time: 12:25 Turn up your volume A Photo Essay Of The Life Cycle of the Amazing Butterfly A James Norman Price Production November 19, 2003 Updated December 14, 2007 - Vers.6.3

More information

Instruction Manual. DAPTO DOGS DID YOU SEE THE SIZE OF THAT DOG?

Instruction Manual.  DAPTO DOGS DID YOU SEE THE SIZE OF THAT DOG? Instruction Manual DAPTO DOGS DID YOU SEE THE SIZE OF THAT DOG? 1 Introduction Congratulations on the purchase of your new Tumbleweed Yardart Pet Poo Composter. This exciting and revolutionary composting

More information

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans.

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. www.irishseedsavers.ie POND LIFE FACT SHEET Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. A pond is a small body of fresh water shallow enough for sunlight

More information

Identifying Aquatic Insects From Your Pond

Identifying Aquatic Insects From Your Pond Identifying Aquatic Insects From Your Pond Penobscot County Soil & Water Conservation District Natural Resources Conservation Service 28 Gilman Plaza, Suite #2 Bangor, ME 04401 Tel: (207) 990-3676 Fax:

More information

Butterfly Life Lesson Plan

Butterfly Life Lesson Plan Grade Level: K-3 Introduction: Butterflies are beautiful, flying insects with large scaly wings. Like all insects, they have six jointed legs, three body parts, a pair of antennae, compound eyes, and an

More information

There s no place like home!

There s no place like home! 2Discovery Card Teacher Time: 2.5 hours (split into two sessions) Information (suitable for 7-12 year olds) This is an opportunity for children to make their own bug boxes and test the habitat preference

More information

Structures of animals

Structures of animals Structures of animals Name: All animals have been designed with different parts, which we call structures, that make up their bodies. Each of these structures is important as it is used to perform a specific

More information

Note: This activity should be conducted only after all or most of the caterpillars have changed into chrysalises. Time Frame: 1 lesson (45 minutes)

Note: This activity should be conducted only after all or most of the caterpillars have changed into chrysalises. Time Frame: 1 lesson (45 minutes) TEKS-Based Activity for Grade 4 What s Happening to Our Caterpillars? Description: In this activity, students observe the changes taking place as caterpillars begin to pupate and learn that the pupa represents

More information

Amphibians are found on every continent except Antarctica. They have soft bodies. Their skin is usually moist.

Amphibians are found on every continent except Antarctica. They have soft bodies. Their skin is usually moist. Objectives You will learn about the characteristics of amphibians and reptiles. Introduction North Dakota has several types of amphibians and reptiles. These animals are important parts of the food chain.

More information

Backyard Butterflies Teaching Guide

Backyard Butterflies Teaching Guide DO Show a collection of pictures of butterflies from The Family Butterfly Book (see resources) Show picture and handout, Vanessa, the Painted Lady Show pictures of the four stages of butterfly life. Backyard

More information

The OPAL Bugs Count. Pocket ID Guide

The OPAL Bugs Count. Pocket ID Guide The OPAL Bugs Count Pocket ID Guide This Pocket ID Guide is part of the OPAL Bugs Count survey pack. Use it to identify the invertebrates that you find. Getting started with identification You don t need

More information

We have put together the following guidance on the different kinds of pests that we treat.

We have put together the following guidance on the different kinds of pests that we treat. Pest Control Guidance Document: We have put together the following guidance on the different kinds of pests that we treat. If you need advice or help with pests, please contact us on 01942 404364. Contents

More information

Pest Control - Biological Controls

Pest Control - Biological Controls Harvest For Life Pests out of Control That which the palmerworm hath left hath the locust eaten; and that which the locust hath left hath the cankerworm eaten; and that which the cankerworm hath left hath

More information

Monarchs: Metamorphosis, Migration, mimicry and more

Monarchs: Metamorphosis, Migration, mimicry and more Monarchs: Metamorphosis, Migration, mimicry and more Kindergarten-Second Life Science TEKS Kindergarten: K.9A, K.9B, K.10B, K.10 First Grade: 1.9A, 1.9B, 1.9C, 1.10A, 1.10C, 1.10D Second Grade: 2.9A, 2.9B,

More information

Predators, Parasites, Parasitoids and Pathogens

Predators, Parasites, Parasitoids and Pathogens Predators, Parasites, Parasitoids and Pathogens Essential Question: What are predators, parasites, parasitoids and pathogens? Background Information: Predation and Parasitism Most animals produce many

More information

Emerald Tree Boa: Emerald Tree Boas are bright green to blend in with their habitat. They are part of the boa family and are constrictors.

Emerald Tree Boa: Emerald Tree Boas are bright green to blend in with their habitat. They are part of the boa family and are constrictors. Anaconda: The anaconda lives in the swamps and rivers. Anacondas can also climb trees. Adults can get as big as 20 feet long. Anacondas are good swimmers. They have scales and can swim quickly. They kill

More information

Insect Record. Date. Observations

Insect Record. Date. Observations Insect Record Date Observations Investigation 1: Mealworms No. 1 Notebook Master Stages in the Life Cycle of the Darkling Beetle 1. Cut apart the pictures. 2. Glue the pictures in a column in your science

More information

Hands-On Activity Life Cycle of Butterflies

Hands-On Activity Life Cycle of Butterflies Hands-On Activity Life Cycle of Butterflies In this activity, students will investigate the metamorphosis of butterflies. The students will record and communicate their observations through drawings and

More information

Unit 4 Lesson 1: A Pest by Any Other Name

Unit 4 Lesson 1: A Pest by Any Other Name Focus Areas: Pest Control: Biological; Environmental Science, Language Arts Focus Skills: critical thinking, conducting research, observing, graphing, interpreting data Objectives To explore human attitudes

More information

Turtles! Ma ayan Dagan

Turtles! Ma ayan Dagan Turtles! Ma ayan Dagan Table of Contents 1: Taxonomy: What kind of animal is a turtle? 2: Turtle or tortoise? 2: Anatomy: The Parts of a Turtle 3: The Shell of a Turtle 4: Evolution from Ancient Reptiles

More information

Butterfly Scavenger Hunt Activity

Butterfly Scavenger Hunt Activity Scavenger Hunt Activity Materials: questions worksheet (pages 2-3) 18 butterfly fact cards (pages 4-8) Scissors and scotch tape Preparation: Print the fact cards and cut them apart. Make copies of the

More information

Who Knows Utah Animals?

Who Knows Utah Animals? Who Knows Utah Animals? Fourth Grade Core: Standard 5 Objective 2 Identify common plants and animals that inhabit Utah forests, wetlands, and deserts; cite examples of physical features that allow particular

More information

Bountiful Beetles Lesson Plan

Bountiful Beetles Lesson Plan Bountiful Beetles Lesson Plan Lesson Title: Bountiful Beetles Objectives: Students will identify the life cycle, anatomy and other characteristics of beetles. Students will conduct a simple research using

More information

Pond Life: A Busy Ecosystem. Activities for children and adults that build upon PlayTrail experiences outdoors

Pond Life: A Busy Ecosystem. Activities for children and adults that build upon PlayTrail experiences outdoors Pond Life: A Busy Ecosystem Activities for children and adults that build upon PlayTrail experiences outdoors Pond Life: A Busy Ecosystem Activities for children and adults that build upon PlayTrail experiences

More information

Millipedes & Centipedes

Millipedes & Centipedes A Teacher s Resource Guide to Millipedes & Centipedes Compiled by Eric Gordon What are millipedes and centipedes? Millipedes and centipedes are both arthropods in the subphylum Myriapoda meaning many legs.

More information

Program of Studies. Core Content

Program of Studies. Core Content University of Kentucky Department of Entomology Insects in the Classroom - Lesson Plan Insects A-Z! For Intermediate Grades (4-5) Prepared by Blake Newton, Extension Specialist Activity Description Students

More information

Most of the final work preparing the collection will be done at home once you learn preparation techniques in science lab. WHAT IS AN INSECT?

Most of the final work preparing the collection will be done at home once you learn preparation techniques in science lab. WHAT IS AN INSECT? INSECT COLLECTING INSTRUCTIONS SEVENTH GRADE SCIENCE INSECT PROJECT The first unit that you will study in science in the fall is entomology. This is a study of insects and includes preparing an insect

More information

Looking at life cycles

Looking at life cycles Using a selection of the Discovery cards in this section, children can learn more about insect lifecycles and how to sequence the lifestages of a butterfly correctly. They can also explore metamorphosis.

More information

Butterfly Crossword Puzzle

Butterfly Crossword Puzzle Butterfly Crossword Puzzle Name: Date: ACROSS 1. The developmental stage between larva (caterpillar) and adult. 3. One of the best known butterflies; and the only species that annually migrates both north

More information

Lesson 2. Crustaceans

Lesson 2. Crustaceans Lesson 2 Crustaceans Objectives Students will identify physical characteristics common to crustaceans make comparison sketches of crustaceans Vocabulary crustaceans arthropods with hard shells mandibles

More information

Objectives: Teach children the basic parts and different types of insects. Make fun bug snacks and play games to learn about bugs.

Objectives: Teach children the basic parts and different types of insects. Make fun bug snacks and play games to learn about bugs. Objectives: Teach children the basic parts and different types of insects. Make fun bug snacks and play games to learn about bugs. Materials: Insect pictures Word Search (attached) Corrugated cardboard

More information

Read more: How Do Tadpoles Grow? ehow.com

Read more: How Do Tadpoles Grow? ehow.com Tadpoles are extraordinary creatures, and go through a metamorphosis that never loses its magic. In the spring, children across the nation take joy in finding and observing tadpoles for both toads and

More information

Worksheets. (Caterpillars of Singapore s Butterflies) Worksheet Title Recommended level. Adaptations of the caterpillar defence mechanism

Worksheets. (Caterpillars of Singapore s Butterflies) Worksheet Title Recommended level. Adaptations of the caterpillar defence mechanism Worksheets (Caterpillars of Singapore s Butterflies) Worksheet Title Recommended level 1 Life cycle of a butterfly P3 2 Am I an insect? P3 3 4 Adaptations of the caterpillar defence mechanism The butterfly

More information

Objectives. Key Terms

Objectives. Key Terms Objectives Identify causes and possible results of interspecific competition. Identify some adaptations of predators and prey. Compare and contrast symbiotic relationships. Key Terms interspecific competition

More information

The Virtual Woodland Worksheet

The Virtual Woodland Worksheet Food Chains All living things need food to give them energy to move and grow. A food chain can show us how living things get their food by showing us what feeds on what in a particular habitat. Food chains

More information

Wild About... Butterflies

Wild About... Butterflies a Wild About... Rutland County Council Nature notes A butterfly is an insect with four wings made of hard tubes covered with thin tissue. The wings are covered with tiny scales, which is why their Latin

More information

Life Science Study Guide. Environment Everything that surrounds and influences (has an effect on) an organism.

Life Science Study Guide. Environment Everything that surrounds and influences (has an effect on) an organism. Life Science Study Guide Environment Everything that surrounds and influences (has an effect on) an organism. Organism Any living thing, including plants and animals. Environmental Factor An environmental

More information

Materials. 60 minutes. Getting Ready

Materials. 60 minutes. Getting Ready Extension to PLT Activity 25 Birds and Worms Lesson Summary The original Birds and Worms introduces students to the concept of camouflage. Students experience the challenge of hunting for camouflaged objects

More information

The Butterfly Life Cycle

The Butterfly Life Cycle The Butterfly Life Cycle A Reading A Z Level H Leveled Book Word Count: 233 LEVELED BOOK H The Butterfly Life Cycle Visit for thousands of books and materials. Photo Photo Credits: Credits: Photo Credits:

More information