Major Insects of Apple, Peach and Pear Trees in the Home Orchard

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Major Insects of Apple, Peach and Pear Trees in the Home Orchard"

Transcription

1 Major Insects of Apple, Peach and Pear Trees in the Home Orchard Henry W. Hogmire West Virginia University Tree Fruit Research and Education Center Kearneysville, WV

2 Apple Pests

3 Plum Curculio Beetle (snout weevil) 3/16 inch long Dark brown with whitish to gray patches 3 pairs of humps on back Overwinter in leaf litter in woods, hedgerows

4 Plum Curculio Move into apple trees during bloom Fruit injury begins at petal fall stage, continues for about 4-6 weeks Most injury occurs when temperatures above 70 F Primary injury from egglaying, some feeding

5 Plum Curculio Egg-laying injury appears as crescent-shaped slit May be multiple scars per fruit Earlier blooming varieties are injured first

6 Plum Curculio Crescent or D -shaped scars enlarge as fruit expands Most larvae are crushed by expanding fruit Some injured fruit drop Larvae survive and continue development in fallen fruit, pupate in soil

7 Codling Moth Moth is 3/8-inch long Gray with coppery patch at wing tip Begin emerging at late bloom to petal fall, continuing into late June 2 nd flight early July into August Partial 3 rd flight late August into September

8 Codling Moth Eggs laid on leaves and fruit of apple and pear Hatching larvae enter fruit through calyx or side May be multiple injuries per fruit Excrement (frass) and sap exudes from entry sites Entries may be deep or shallow (stings)

9 Codling Moth Deep entry tunnels usually extend to core Often feed on seeds Larvae are creamy white to pink, up to 5/8-inch Feed in fruit 3-4 weeks Premature drop of injured fruit

10 Codling Moth Mature larvae exit fallen fruit and crawl up trunk Spin cocoon under bark of trunk to overwinter

11 Codling Moth Monitor with traps Lure contains female sex attractant (pheromone) Males attracted to trap Captured on sticky-coated trap bottom 2 traps per site Control if >5 moths/trap/ week

12 Apple Maggot Adult fly is ¼-inch long Wings with 4 black bands White spot and 3 (males) or 4 (females) white stripes Emerge from soil from mid- June through August Emergence typically follows rain event

13 Apple Maggot Females insert eggs beneath skin of apple Punctures appear as pits or dimples Multiple injuries/fruit Early maturing and thinskinned apples are more severely infested Eggs hatch in 2-10 days

14 Apple Maggot Larvae (maggots) cause brown, winding trails through fruit flesh. Discoloration of fruit flesh due to bacteria

15 Apple Maggot Larvae (maggots) up to ¼-inch long Creamy white, legless, 2 mouth hooks Feed in fruit flesh for days Injured fruit often drop early Maggots exit fruit and pupate in soil

16 Apple Maggot Monitor fly emergence with yellow panel trap Surface coated with protein bait and glue Control within 7 days of capturing 1 fly/trap/week

17 Apple Maggot Monitor fly emergence with sticky red sphere With or without apple volatile Threshold is 1 fly/trap/ week or 5 flies/trap/week if apple volatile used Control immediately if threshold reached

18 Peach Pests

19 Catfacing Insects Tarnished plant bug Brown stink bug Pest complex responsible for various injuries Most severe injury resembles cat s face Injury caused by adults that move between weed hosts and fruit trees Dusky stink bug Green stink bug

20 Catfacing Insects Early season injury when fruit ½-1-inch diameter Corky, depressed areas Fruit becomes deformed Hand thin injured fruits Catfacing Injury

21 Catfacing Insects Injury when fruit 1 to 2- inch diameter Small corky, depressed areas Fruit not deformed Scarring Injury

22 Catfacing Insects Injury when fruit >1-inch diameter Strings or droplets of gum Darker green blotches Late season injuries may increase brown rot Gummosis/water-soaked Injuries

23 Oriental Fruit Moth Moth is ¼-inch long Mottled gray color Emergence begins at pink to bloom 4-5 generations/year Eggs laid on twigs, terminal leaves or fruit

24 Oriental Fruit Moth 1 st and 2 nd generation larvae injure shoot tips, called flagging Larvae in shoots for weeks Single larvae can injure multiple shoots

25 Oriental Fruit Moth 2 nd and later generation larvae injure fruit Larvae and injury similar to codling moth Excrement (frass) and gum on fruit surface Larvae may also enter fruit through stem near harvest

26 Oriental Fruit Moth Monitor male moths with pheromone traps 2 traps/site Control if capture >15 moths/trap/week for 1 st flight or >10 moths/trap/ week for later flights

27 Lesser Peachtree Borer Moth is ½-inch long Metallic blue-black with yellow bands Clear wings Emergence begins in early May Day fliers 2 generations/year

28 Lesser Peachtree Borer Eggs laid in wounds of all stone fruit trees on trunk, scaffold limbs and small branches Higher infestations on older trees with more wounds

29 Lesser Peachtree Borer Feeding girdles scaffold limbs and branches which break from fruit load Gradual decline in production Tree loss from trunk girdling or from diseases that enter wounds

30 Lesser Peachtree Borer Larvae up to ¾-inch long Creamy white with light brown head Feed beneath bark in cambium for days Overwinter in various larval stages Control if >2 larvae/tree

31 Lesser Peachtree Borer Injury indicated by brown sawdust-like wood borings and excrement (frass) mixed with gum Clear gumming not from borer injury

32 Lesser Peachtree Borer Injury indicated by empty pupal case protruding from wound, from where moth emerged Control if >2 empty pupal cases/tree

33 Peachtree Borer Female Male Moths are ¾-inch long Metallic blue-black Narrow yellow bands on male Broad orange band on female Emergence begins in June 1 generation/year

34 Peachtree Borer Injure trunk near soil line Can attack healthy trees Wood borings and excrement (frass) mixed with gum at base of tree Tree loss from trunk girdling or from diseases that enter wounds

35 Peachtree Borer Can girdle and kill young tree in 1 year Moth balls around trunk will repel adult borers

36 Lesser Peachtree and Peachtree Borer Monitor male moths with pheromone traps 2 traps/site Control if >10 moths/ trap/week

37 Pear Pest

38 Pear Psylla Adult is 1/8-inch long Reddish-brown to black Like miniature cicada Young (nymphs) are yellow to brown 3 generations/year

39 Pear Psylla Sooty mold grows on honeydew excreted by pear psylla Sooty mold blackens fruit, foliage and bark, reduces photosynthesis and return bloom

40 Non-Chemical Control Pick up and destroy fallen fruit. Shallow cultivation beneath trees in summer (destroy larvae of PC, CM, AM). Wrap apple and pear trunks with corrugated cardboard bands in late summer (collect CM larvae) and destroy bands in winter. Use sticky red spheres (1 per 100 fruit) for apple maggot. Control broadleaf weeds with cultivation or mulching (reduces TPB & SB numbers).

41 Chemical Control

42 Chemical Control Oil Good for aphid and mite eggs, scale, pear psylla Apply when first green tissue appears Do not apply within 24 hrs of freezing temperatures Spray trees to drip

43 Chemical Control Most Fruit Insects Permethrin Carbaryl Carbaryl Malathion Captan Pyrethrins Sulfur

44 Chemical Control Aphids, Scales Borers & Many Other Fruit Insects Malathion Permethrin

45 Many Fruit Pests Chemical Control Organic Options Codling moth, Oriental fruit moth, leafrollers Rotenone Pyrethrins Neem-based Soap Bacillus thuringiensis Spinosad

46 Thanks! Questions?

Cloud Mountain Farm Center 6906 Goodwin Rd., Everson, WA 98247 (360)966-5859 voice, (360)966-0921 fax, www.cloudmountainfarmcenter.

Cloud Mountain Farm Center 6906 Goodwin Rd., Everson, WA 98247 (360)966-5859 voice, (360)966-0921 fax, www.cloudmountainfarmcenter. Disease and Pest Management in the Home Orchard Fruit trees have been grown in home orchards for centuries. The goal of many gardeners today is to have fresh fruit from their own trees with a minimum of

More information

Understanding Peach Tree & Peach Twig Borer. Michael R. Bush, Ph.D. WA State Extension

Understanding Peach Tree & Peach Twig Borer. Michael R. Bush, Ph.D. WA State Extension Understanding Peach Tree & Peach Twig Borer Michael R. Bush, Ph.D. WA State Extension February 5, 2008 Peachtree Borer Synanthedon exitiosa One of several clearwing moths Family Sesiidae Striking colorations

More information

Disease and Insect Management in the Home Orchard

Disease and Insect Management in the Home Orchard North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service NC STATE UNIVERSITY Buncombe County Center North Carolina Cooperative Extension 94 Coxe Avenue Asheville, NC 2 NC 8801-3620 (828) 255-5522 FAX (828) 255-5202

More information

Insects That Kill Trees. Diane G. Alston Extension Entomologist Utah State University 2004 Professional Tree Care Workshops

Insects That Kill Trees. Diane G. Alston Extension Entomologist Utah State University 2004 Professional Tree Care Workshops Insects That Kill Trees Diane G. Alston Extension Entomologist Utah State University 2004 Professional Tree Care Workshops Topics Introduction websites, IPM strategies Ips bark beetles Tree borers flatheaded,

More information

The Backyard Orchardist Fruit Pests: Peach & Nectarine

The Backyard Orchardist Fruit Pests: Peach & Nectarine Published by Utah State University Extension and Utah Plant Pest Diagnostic Laboratory IPM-010-11 The Backyard Orchardist Fruit Pests: Peach & Nectarine Marion Murray, IPM Project Leader Diane Alston,

More information

Commercial vs. Backyard

Commercial vs. Backyard Pest Control Techniques for the Backyard Orchard Shawn A. Steffan Extension IPM Project Dept. of Biology, USU March 4 th, Home Orchard IPM Commercial vs. Backyard Good Resources www.extension.usu.edu/ipm

More information

Pests of Woody Ornamental Plants An Online Resource for IPM Information

Pests of Woody Ornamental Plants An Online Resource for IPM Information Title: Pests of Woody Ornamental Plants An Online Resource for IPM Information Project Leaders: Shari Romar, Lead Writer; Gary Couch, Technical Advisor, NYS IPM Program; Jody Gangloff-Kaufmann, Project

More information

Why Fruit Trees Die D. B. Meador, Extension Specialist (retired) University of Illinois

Why Fruit Trees Die D. B. Meador, Extension Specialist (retired) University of Illinois Why Fruit Trees Die D. B. Meador, Extension Specialist (retired) University of Illinois Occasionally, fruit trees decline and often die. Diseases affecting the leaves, fruit, and twigs of fruit trees usually

More information

Organic Control Methods of Almond Insect Pest

Organic Control Methods of Almond Insect Pest Big Tree Organic Field Day Turlock, CA, April 2nd, 2009 Organic Control Methods of Almond Insect Pest David Doll Farm Advisor UCCE Merced County Overview Organic Control Methods of Control of common pests

More information

Symptoms Include: Stippled, bronzed or bleached appearance of leaves

Symptoms Include: Stippled, bronzed or bleached appearance of leaves Common Tree Pests & Diseases Of Central Texas Lara Schuman City of Austin Urban Forestry Program Stress and Trees City life can be stressful, and trees feel stress too. Common urban tree issues include:

More information

Protecting Backyard Apple Trees from Apple Maggot

Protecting Backyard Apple Trees from Apple Maggot Extension Bulletin 1928 insect answers Protecting Backyard Apple Trees from Apple Maggot Michael R. Bush, Michael Klaus, Arthur Antonelli, and Catherine Daniels Apple Maggot Invades the Pacific Northwest

More information

A DISCOVERY REGARDING THE DEATH OF ASH TREES IN THE PLYMOUTH AREA

A DISCOVERY REGARDING THE DEATH OF ASH TREES IN THE PLYMOUTH AREA A DISCOVERY REGARDING THE DEATH OF ASH TREES IN THE PLYMOUTH AREA As you are probably aware, we have seen a significant amount of dying ash trees in the Plymouth, Canton, Northville area. This prompted

More information

The Alfalfa Weevil in Utah

The Alfalfa Weevil in Utah Page 1 of 5 The Alfalfa Weevil in Utah Fact Sheet No. 58 January 1989 Edward W. Evans Extension Entomologist Introduction The alfalfa weevil is a major pest throughout Utah. It is a beetle with one generation

More information

Common diseases of nectarines

Common diseases of nectarines OCTOBER 2009 PRIMEFACT 890 Common diseases of nectarines L. Ullio Cleanfresh Project, Intensive Industries, Sydney Markets Bacterial canker Bacterial canker is considered a major disease of stone fruit

More information

Identification of Insects and Diseases in Christmas Trees. Jesse A. Randall

Identification of Insects and Diseases in Christmas Trees. Jesse A. Randall Identification of Insects and Diseases in Christmas Trees Jesse A. Randall 515-294-1168 randallj@iastate.edu Needle Discoloration or Distortion Needle Feeders Shoot / Branch Injury Stem / Root Injury Needle

More information

Insect Management Updates for Apples, 2015

Insect Management Updates for Apples, 2015 Insect Management Updates for Apples, 2015 Rick Weinzierl University of Illinois weinzier@illinois.edu Regulatory changes, reminders from 2013-14 No Guthion or Endosulfan Use the 2015 Spray Guide!! Exirel

More information

Utah Home Orchard Pest Management Guide

Utah Home Orchard Pest Management Guide Utah Home Orchard Pest Management Guide 2012 Diane Alston Marion Murray Claudia Nischwitz Publication HG137 Table of Contents Components of a Successful Pest Management Program... 3 Identifying Pests...

More information

Insect identification sheet

Insect identification sheet information leaflet Insect identification sheet To enable you to identify the insect you have in your home, we have provided some identification sheets. These depict the most common pest species that you

More information

Susan Donaldson, Water Quality Education Specialist Steven J. Seybold, Research Biochemist

Susan Donaldson, Water Quality Education Specialist Steven J. Seybold, Research Biochemist FACT SHEET 98-40 Susan Donaldson, Water Quality Education Specialist Steven J. Seybold, Research Biochemist Introduction Trees in the Lake Tahoe Basin and the Sierra Nevada are turning brown and dying.

More information

Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look

Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look carefully. Most are smaller than your pinkie nail! Many

More information

Workshop on Insect Pest Management of Blackberries & Blueberries

Workshop on Insect Pest Management of Blackberries & Blueberries Workshop on Insect Pest Management of Blackberries & Blueberries Dr. Donn Johnson University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701 Phone: 479-575-2501; Email: dtjohnso@uark.edu Fruit IPM Website: http://comp.uark.edu/~dtjohnso

More information

Scouting and Thresholds for Blueberry Pests and Diseases

Scouting and Thresholds for Blueberry Pests and Diseases Scouting and Thresholds for Blueberry Pests and Diseases This field guide is intended to be used as a tool to aid in sampling and decision-making for managing key insect, mite, and disease pests in blueberry

More information

Utah Home Orchard Pest Management Guide

Utah Home Orchard Pest Management Guide Utah Home Orchard Pest Management Guide Revised 2008 Diane Alston Marion Murray C. Kent Evans Publication HG137 Utah Home Orchard Pest Management Guide Table of Contents Components of a Successful Pest

More information

Care of Mature Backyard Apple Trees

Care of Mature Backyard Apple Trees Education Center and Info Line practical solutions to everyday questions Toll free Info Line 1-877-398-4769 M-F 9 AM - 2 PM Care of Mature Backyard Apple Trees Introduction Backyard apple trees can be

More information

Tree Integrated Pest Management. Dan Nortman Virginia Cooperative Extension, York County

Tree Integrated Pest Management. Dan Nortman Virginia Cooperative Extension, York County Tree Integrated Pest Management Dan Nortman Virginia Cooperative Extension, York County IPM Refresher Definition: The use of a combination of appropriate pest control tactics to reduce pest population

More information

A Guide To. in the Home Garden

A Guide To. in the Home Garden A Guide To Managing Tree Fruit Pests in the Home Garden Revised June 2015 Introduction This guide provides cultural practices and recommended pesticides to control common diseases and insect pests of fruit

More information

Insect Pests of Pecan. Will Hudson Extension Entomologist

Insect Pests of Pecan. Will Hudson Extension Entomologist Insect Pests of Pecan Will Hudson Extension Entomologist How important is nut drop to production? Pecan trees typically lose 75% of the pecans between nut set and shell hardening even when protected from

More information

Management of San Jose Scale for Orchard Crops

Management of San Jose Scale for Orchard Crops Management of San Jose Scale for Orchard Crops Peter W. Shearer, Ph.D. Professor of Entomology and Superintendent Oregon State University Mid-Columbia Agricultural Research & Extension Center Hood River,

More information

A REVIEW OF PEST CONTROL IN AVOCADOS

A REVIEW OF PEST CONTROL IN AVOCADOS California Avocado Society 1979 Yearbook 63: 58-65 A REVIEW OF PEST CONTROL IN AVOCADOS C. Don Gustafson Farm Advisor, Cooperative Extension Service, University of California, San Diego County. Introduction

More information

LOUISIANA RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CONTROL OF PECAN INSECTS IN COMMERCIAL PECAN ORCHARDS: AN ILLUSTRATED GUIDE

LOUISIANA RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CONTROL OF PECAN INSECTS IN COMMERCIAL PECAN ORCHARDS: AN ILLUSTRATED GUIDE LOUISIANA RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CONTROL OF PECAN INSECTS IN COMMERCIAL PECAN ORCHARDS: AN ILLUSTRATED GUIDE Control of insects is essential for profitable pecan production in Louisiana. Commercial pecan

More information

Disease and Insect Control for Homegrown Peaches and Plums

Disease and Insect Control for Homegrown Peaches and Plums Disease and Insect Control for Homegrown Peaches and Plums It takes a committed gardener to consistently produce high-quality peaches or plums. These fruit crops are especially demanding when it comes

More information

Entomology 462 Ornamentals Pests: Borers

Entomology 462 Ornamentals Pests: Borers Entomology 462 Ornamentals Pests: Borers David J. Shetlar, Ph.D. The BugDoc The Ohio State University, OARDC & OSU Extension Columbus, OH October, 2004, D.J. Shetlar, all rights reserved Woody Ornamental

More information

NUTRIENT DISORDERS IN TREE FRUITS

NUTRIENT DISORDERS IN TREE FRUITS PNW 121E NUTRIENT DISORDERS IN TREE FRUITS A Pacific Northwest Extension Publication Washington Idaho Oregon NUTRIENT DISORDERS IN TREE FRUITS By Nels R. Benson, Soil Scientist and Horticulturist (retired),

More information

Insect Scouting and Diagnosis. Frank A. Hale, Ph.D. Professor Entomology & Plant Pathology

Insect Scouting and Diagnosis. Frank A. Hale, Ph.D. Professor Entomology & Plant Pathology Insect Scouting and Diagnosis Frank A. Hale, Ph.D. Professor Entomology & Plant Pathology Understanding the Pests to Manage the Pest Life cycle (what life stages are susceptible to control measures?) What

More information

SPECIES DESCRIPTION Picture

SPECIES DESCRIPTION Picture SPECIES DESCRIPTION Picture German Cockroach Cockroach egg case & nymphs 12-15mm (Adult Stage)Mid to dark brown body. Lighter area with 2 dark bars behind head. Wings. Very long antennae. Young are smaller

More information

Integrated Pest Management. A Brief Guide to Pest Management For Fruit Trees

Integrated Pest Management. A Brief Guide to Pest Management For Fruit Trees Integrated Pest Management A Brief Guide to Pest Management For Fruit Trees 1 Introduction This report is based on a workshop held July 18, 2012 covering the basics of Integrated Pest Management. This

More information

Diagnosing Home Citrus Problems

Diagnosing Home Citrus Problems ARIZONA COOP E R AT I V E E TENSION AZ1492 April 2009 Diagnosing Home Citrus Problems John Begeman, Glenn Wright PROBLEMS OF FRUIT Fruit Drops Prematurely: Natural fruit drop occurs during the spring.

More information

Life Cycle of a Butterfly 3A-2

Life Cycle of a Butterfly 3A-2 Praying Mantis 3A-1 Hi, boys and girls. It s time to meet one of the most fascinating insects on the planet. That s me. I m a praying mantis, named for the way I hold my two front legs together as though

More information

Managing Pests & Diseases in an Organic Apple Orchard

Managing Pests & Diseases in an Organic Apple Orchard TREE FRUIT ORGANIC FACT SHEET Managing Pests & Diseases in an Organic Apple Orchard There are also many minor pests and diseases for apples that can, under the right conditions, cause economic damage.

More information

Karen J. English Graphic and Web Designer. Please click the thumbnails on the following pages to view larger versions of the images.

Karen J. English Graphic and Web Designer. Please click the thumbnails on the following pages to view larger versions of the images. Karen J. English Graphic and Web Designer Please click the thumbnails on the following pages to view larger versions of the images. graphic design: small pieces graphic design: large pieces web design

More information

Kidz N Roses Presents The Good-The Bad and The Bugly

Kidz N Roses Presents The Good-The Bad and The Bugly Kidz N Roses Presents The Good-The Bad and The Bugly Who s Bugging Your Roses? Most People Love Roses They Love to Plant Roses in a Garden Plant Roses in Containers Some People Love to Eat Roses (They

More information

Infestations of the spotted

Infestations of the spotted Archival copy. For current information, see the OSU Extension Catalog: https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/em8991 A New Pest Attacking Healthy Ripening Fruit in Oregon Spotted wing Drosophila: Drosophila

More information

Cherokee Chief Plena Rubra Fragrant Cloud

Cherokee Chief Plena Rubra Fragrant Cloud INTRODUCTION The natural range of dogwoods extends from Maine to the Gulf of Mexico. The trees color cities and countrysides white with dazzling displays in the early spring. Although they are most spectacular

More information

INSECT MANAGEMENT (Roberts & McPherson)

INSECT MANAGEMENT (Roberts & McPherson) INSECT MANAGEMENT (Roberts & McPherson) A number of insect pests are capable of severely damaging soybeans. However, it is important to realize that soybeans can withstand considerable insect damage at

More information

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT C 1 H A P TE R INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES After completely studying this chapter, you should: Be able to define integrated pest management. Understand the importance of an economic

More information

Report to Lake Shastina Property Owners Association on Dead and Dying Trees Around Zen Mountain

Report to Lake Shastina Property Owners Association on Dead and Dying Trees Around Zen Mountain Report to Lake Shastina Property Owners Association on Dead and Dying Trees Around Zen Mountain by John Kessler, CA Registered Professional Forester #2494 Issue of Concern Residents of Lake Shastina have

More information

Insects and diseases can cause problems in

Insects and diseases can cause problems in E-145 5/05 HOMEOWNER S GUIDE TO Pests of Peaches, Plums and Pecans Allen Knutson, Kevin Ong, James Kamas, Bill Ree and Dale Mott* and diseases can cause problems in peaches, plums, nectarines and pecans.

More information

Cytospora Canker. A Hard Nut to Crack. My current ongoing projects 1/23/2013. 30% of Cherry trees

Cytospora Canker. A Hard Nut to Crack. My current ongoing projects 1/23/2013. 30% of Cherry trees Cytospora Canker: A Hard Nut to Crack Ramesh Pokharel My research and extension program is aimed at > Solving practical fruit production problems > Increased producer profitability > Strengthening the

More information

Hop Pest Control. H. E. Morrison. jpf^vrsiolnrru; - «ibntoj."' «- '',orto JUN 6 I-JJ3

Hop Pest Control. H. E. Morrison. jpf^vrsiolnrru; - «ibntoj.' «- '',orto JUN 6 I-JJ3 Hop Pest Control H. E. Morrison its of jpf^vrsiolnrru; - «th ' s ibntoj."' «- '',orto JUN 6 I-JJ3 Agricultural Experiment Station Oregon State College Corvallis Circular of Information 589 May 1958 Hop

More information

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT MANUAL FOR MINNESOTA APPLE ORCHARDS. A Scouting and Management Guide for Key Apple Pests

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT MANUAL FOR MINNESOTA APPLE ORCHARDS. A Scouting and Management Guide for Key Apple Pests INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT MANUAL FOR MINNESOTA APPLE ORCHARDS A Scouting and Management Guide for Key Apple Pests Minnesota Department of Agriculture September, 2007 Integrated Pest Management Manual

More information

Custard apple information kit

Custard apple information kit information kit Reprint information current in 1998 REPRINT INFORMATION PLEASE READ! For updated information please call 13 25 23 or visit the website www.deedi.qld.gov.au This publication has been reprinted

More information

APHIDS Description and Damage Host Trees pine bark aphid white pine aphid balsam wooly aphid

APHIDS Description and Damage Host Trees pine bark aphid white pine aphid balsam wooly aphid Common Insect Pests of Christmas Trees Excerpted from insect fact sheets developed by the Maine Forest Service and available on their website http://www.state.me.us/doc/mfs/insecthome.htm APHIDS Description

More information

Spruce problem diagnosis for yard trees

Spruce problem diagnosis for yard trees Spruce problem diagnosis for yard trees KEY Effect on tree Kills tree Other damage No damage Size of tree Seedling Sapling to pole Pole and larger By Jana Albers and Mike Albers, DNR-Forestry URL = http://files.dnr.state.mn.us/assistance/backyard/treecare/forest_health/whitesprucediagnosis.pdf

More information

DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A "REAL-TIME" APPLE IPM WEBSITE FOR NY

DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A REAL-TIME APPLE IPM WEBSITE FOR NY 1 DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A "REAL-TIME" APPLE IPM WEBSITE FOR NY Arthur Agnello and Harvey Reissig Dept. of Entomology Cornell University, NYS Agric. Expt. Sta., Geneva, NY 14456 Apple growers in

More information

Pest Control in Home Vegetable Gardens WSU EXTENSION MANUAL EM009

Pest Control in Home Vegetable Gardens WSU EXTENSION MANUAL EM009 Pest Control in Home Vegetable Gardens WSU EXTENSION MANUAL EM009 PEST CONTROL IN HOME VEGETABLE GARDENS A.L. Antonelli, Washington State University Extension Entomologist These control measures for common

More information

THIODAN 50 WP INSECTICIDE WETTABLE POWDER COMMERCIAL VERY TOXIC TO FISH. GUARANTEE: Endosulfan 50% REGISTRATION NO.: 15821 PEST CONTROL PRODUCT ACT

THIODAN 50 WP INSECTICIDE WETTABLE POWDER COMMERCIAL VERY TOXIC TO FISH. GUARANTEE: Endosulfan 50% REGISTRATION NO.: 15821 PEST CONTROL PRODUCT ACT 23-OCT-2001 NET WEIGHT: 2 kg THIODAN 50 WP INSECTICIDE WETTABLE POWDER COMMERCIAL VERY TOXIC TO FISH GUARANTEE: Endosulfan 50% REGISTRATION NO.: 15821 PEST CONTROL PRODUCT ACT READ THE LABEL BEFORE USING

More information

LIME SULPHUR INSECTICIDE MITICIDE FUNGICIDE COMMERCIAL DANGER: CORROSIVE TO EYES READ THE LABEL AND ATTACHED BOOKLET BEFORE USING

LIME SULPHUR INSECTICIDE MITICIDE FUNGICIDE COMMERCIAL DANGER: CORROSIVE TO EYES READ THE LABEL AND ATTACHED BOOKLET BEFORE USING datapak group M fungicide LIME SULPHUR INSECTICIDE MITICIDE FUNGICIDE COMMERCIAL DANGER: CORROSIVE TO EYES READ THE LABEL AND ATTACHED BOOKLET BEFORE USING REGISTRATION NO. 16465 PEST CONTROL PRODUCTS

More information

Ornamental Pest Control

Ornamental Pest Control Ornamental Pest Control Category 3A Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service Ornamental Pest Control Category 3A Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment

More information

Coffee Growing Basics: Fertilizer, Disease, Insects. HC Skip Bittenbender Extension Specialist CTAHR/UH

Coffee Growing Basics: Fertilizer, Disease, Insects. HC Skip Bittenbender Extension Specialist CTAHR/UH Coffee Growing Basics: Fertilizer, Disease, Insects HC Skip Bittenbender Extension Specialist CTAHR/UH Problems? Who to call first? Our UH/CTAHR Extension Agents! Virginia Easton Smith, W. Hawaii - 322-4892

More information

PROBLEM DIAGNOSIS FOR AVOCADO

PROBLEM DIAGNOSIS FOR AVOCADO Avocado trees are well suited for Southern California. They don t mind alkaline soil too much and they like the climate. They are, in general, tolerant of the heavy pruning that may be needed to keep the

More information

Food chain to food web game. The Sun. Sun. The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light

Food chain to food web game. The Sun. Sun. The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light Sun The Sun The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light Plants Plants Plants need the sun to make their own food through a process called photosynthesis.

More information

Pecan Diseases and Nematodes

Pecan Diseases and Nematodes Pecan Diseases and Nematodes Western Pecan Production Short Course September 27, 2012 Natalie Goldberg Extension Plant Pathologist Diseases of Pecan Phymatotrichum root rot Root-knot nematode Powdery mildew

More information

Black Dotted Brown Moth

Black Dotted Brown Moth Athens-Clarke County Community Tree Program Black Dotted Brown Moth Athens is experiencing its fourth year of significant infestation by the black dotted brown moth (Cissusa spadix). The caterpillar of

More information

DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES OAK TREES CARE AND MAINTENANCE

DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES OAK TREES CARE AND MAINTENANCE DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES OAK TREES CARE AND MAINTENANCE This guide will offer basic information for the preservation and maintenance of oak trees as a part of an overall landscape use. Unfortunately, oak

More information

Enterprise Guide for Southern Maryland: Growing Broccoli

Enterprise Guide for Southern Maryland: Growing Broccoli 1 Fact Sheet 450 Enterprise Guide for Southern Maryland: Growing Broccoli Broccoli is a popular vegetable in both fresh and frozen forms and has become a common vegetable in salad bars. Recently it has

More information

This pest management guide was prepared

This pest management guide was prepared EC 631 August 2010 Managing diseases and insects in home orchards Jay W. Pscheidt, Neil Bell, Jeff L. Olsen, and Steve Castagnoli This pest management guide was prepared for the home gardener. It doesn

More information

Guide to Healthy Trees

Guide to Healthy Trees Guide to Healthy Trees Al and Bri Seaton Front cover image: This magnifi cent tree is located on our property in Mansfi eld, Victoria. A few years ago it was suffering severely from drought, erosion and

More information

Borers in New Hampshire Apple Trees

Borers in New Hampshire Apple Trees Education Center and Info Line practical solutions to everyday questions Toll free Info Line 1-877-398-4769 M-F 9 AM - 2 PM W 5-7:30 PM Borers in New Hampshire Apple Trees Several species of insects bore

More information

Fruit Tree Planting? What is

Fruit Tree Planting? What is What is Fruit Tree Planting? Farmers' Handbook "The Fields", Fruit is a store of goodness. It is juicy, tasty and nutritious, and it holds vitamins essential for our health and well being. So it's our

More information

Disease and Insect Control in Home Fruit Plantings

Disease and Insect Control in Home Fruit Plantings PB 1622 (Available online only.) Disease and Insect Control in Home Fruit Plantings Steve Bost, Professor; Karen Vail, Professor; Patricia Barnwell, Extension Program Assistant III; and Frank Hale, Professor

More information

Macadamia problem solver & bug identifier

Macadamia problem solver & bug identifier Macadamia problem solver & bug identifier Reprint information current in 2003 REPRINT INFORMATION PLEASE READ! For updated information please call 13 25 23 or visit the website www.deedi.qld.gov.au This

More information

Pruning Fruit Trees. Develop strong tree structure. This should begin when trees are planted and continue each year thereafter.

Pruning Fruit Trees. Develop strong tree structure. This should begin when trees are planted and continue each year thereafter. Agriculture and Natural Resources Pruning Fruit Trees Extension Horticulture Arkansas Is Our Campus Visit our web site at: http://www.uaex.edu Fruit trees should be pruned every year to maintain their

More information

Materials. 60 minutes. Getting Ready

Materials. 60 minutes. Getting Ready Extension to PLT Activity 25 Birds and Worms Lesson Summary The original Birds and Worms introduces students to the concept of camouflage. Students experience the challenge of hunting for camouflaged objects

More information

SCALE INSECTS. Greg Hodges. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Gainesville, FL 32614

SCALE INSECTS. Greg Hodges. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Gainesville, FL 32614 SCALE INSECTS Greg Hodges Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry Gainesville, FL 32614 Scale insects infest an enormous variety of plant hosts worldwide and

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Integrated Pest Management Science and Language Arts Brief Description: This lesson will focus all of the information the students have learned about pests in the other insect lessons in a decision-making

More information

Pest Check. Subterranean Termite Swarming Season. Kimberly Schofield Program Specialist- IPM k-schofield@tamu.edu

Pest Check. Subterranean Termite Swarming Season. Kimberly Schofield Program Specialist- IPM k-schofield@tamu.edu Kimberly Schofield Program Specialist- IPM k-schofield@tamu.edu Pest Check Subterranean Termite Swarming Season For one subterranean termite genus, Reticultermes, the months of February through May means

More information

Pests of Deciduous Trees and Shrubs

Pests of Deciduous Trees and Shrubs Pests of Deciduous Trees and Shrubs 1 Introduction Managing common insects, weeds, plant diseases and certain animal pests found in the backyard can be a challenge. However, there are a number of ways

More information

The Basics of Tree Pruning

The Basics of Tree Pruning The Basics of Tree Pruning By John Ball, Forest Health Specialist and Aaron Kiesz, Urban and Community Forestry Specialist Until the end of the 19 th century, trees were not a common sight in many parts

More information

Awide variety of insects feed

Awide variety of insects feed ANR-1104 A L A B A M A A & M A N D A U B U R N U N I V E R S I T I E S A Sweet Potato Grower s Guide to Insect Pest Awide variety of insects feed on sweet potato foliage, but treatment to control foliar

More information

Organic Fruit Tree Management Plan. Josh Singer

Organic Fruit Tree Management Plan. Josh Singer Organic Fruit Tree Management Plan By Josh Singer 1 Table of Contents Chapter 1: Planting Right Tree, Right Place Choosing the Right Fruit Tree Basics of Planting Seasons for Planting Cold/ Late Frost

More information

Pruning Citrus Trees. Citrus trees are pruned in order; PRUNING STAGES YOUNG TREE PRUNING HAND PRUNING MAINTENANCE PRUNING

Pruning Citrus Trees. Citrus trees are pruned in order; PRUNING STAGES YOUNG TREE PRUNING HAND PRUNING MAINTENANCE PRUNING Pruning Citrus Trees Citrus trees are pruned in order; to allow light penetration into the canopy; to prevent crowding of main scaffold branches and to remove branches which cross; to remove or shorten

More information

A3565 GROWING APPLES IN WISCONSIN. Malus x domestica T E R Y L R. R O P E R, D A N I E L L. M A H R, P A T R I C I A S.

A3565 GROWING APPLES IN WISCONSIN. Malus x domestica T E R Y L R. R O P E R, D A N I E L L. M A H R, P A T R I C I A S. A3565 GROWING APPLES IN WISCONSIN Malus x domestica T E R Y L R. R O P E R, D A N I E L L. M A H R, P A T R I C I A S. M C M A N U S The apple tree................. 2 CONTENTS Site selection and preparation.........

More information

Tree Insect Problems: Scale, Aphids & Borers

Tree Insect Problems: Scale, Aphids & Borers Tree Insect Problems: Scale, Aphids & Borers Diane Alston Entomologist, Utah State University Utah Pest Control & Lawncare Association Convention February 10-11, 2014 Karen Gail Miller Conference Center,

More information

A Visual Guide to Detecting Emerald Ash Borer Damage

A Visual Guide to Detecting Emerald Ash Borer Damage cfs.nrcan.gc.ca A Visual Guide to Detecting Emerald Ash Borer Damage Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication A visual guide to detecting emerald ash

More information

Rose Diseases and Insects in the Bradenton-Sarasota Area

Rose Diseases and Insects in the Bradenton-Sarasota Area Rose Diseases and Insects in the Bradenton-Sarasota Area By: Philip Paul, CR The 10 bad actors in our area are the fungi and pests that some days slow down our enjoyment of our rose gardens. This issue

More information

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in crops and pastures Integrated Pest Management (IPM) means using a combination of biological, cultural and chemical control methods to manage pest problems. The term

More information

WINTER INJURY OF ORNAMENTALS

WINTER INJURY OF ORNAMENTALS BP-2-W Reviewed 5/01 Plant Disease Control Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service West Lafayette, IN 47907 WINTER INJURY OF ORNAMENTALS Paul C. Pecknold, Extension Plant Pathologist Extreme cold,

More information

Apricot Tree Prunus armeniaca

Apricot Tree Prunus armeniaca Apricot Tree Prunus armeniaca Up to 25-30 tall x 15-20 wide or partial shade 10 degrees F. General: The Apricot Tree is a subspecies of the peach and dates back 3,000 years to northeastern China. Apricots

More information

Crop Profile for Radishes in Ohio

Crop Profile for Radishes in Ohio Prepared: December, 1999 (Cruciferae: Raphanus sativus) Crop Profile for Radishes in Ohio General Production Information Acres in Ohio: 2,130 (5) - 100% for fresh market Percent of US Acreage/Rank: 8.87%/3rd

More information

Fertilizer, Weed Control, Grubs, and General Application Questions

Fertilizer, Weed Control, Grubs, and General Application Questions Lawn Care FAQ s Fertilizer, Weed Control, Grubs, and General Application Questions Why do we have so many weeds? Dandelions in particular, weeds in general, do not seem concerned about how long lawn has

More information

Chemical versus Biological Control of Sugarcane. By Abid Hussain Matiari Sugar Mills Ltd.

Chemical versus Biological Control of Sugarcane. By Abid Hussain Matiari Sugar Mills Ltd. Chemical versus Biological Control of Sugarcane By Abid Hussain Matiari Sugar Mills Ltd. Sugarcane It is an important cash crop, Pakistan is the fifth largest cane producing country. However, its yield

More information

Two Main Precautions Before You Begin Working

Two Main Precautions Before You Begin Working Pruning Mango Trees Roy Beckford, Ag/Natural Resources Agent, UF/IFAS Lee County Two Main Precautions Before You Begin Working 1. Mango peel and sap contain urushiol, the chemical in poison ivy and poison

More information

CB Trust Insect Life Cycle and Timeline

CB Trust Insect Life Cycle and Timeline CB Trust Insect Life Cycle and Timeline 1 Investigative Question: What are insects life needs? Goal: Understanding that insects have complex life cycles which are often dependent on host plants. These

More information

Sustainable Urban Landscapes

Sustainable Urban Landscapes Sustainable Urban Landscapes Diagnosing Tree Problems by Paula Flynn and Mark Vitosh Trees are a valuable part of our environment. They provide shelter and shade, help prevent erosion, and add beauty and

More information

What is a pest? How Insects Become Pests. How do insects become pests? Problems with Pesticides. What is most commonly used to control insect pests?

What is a pest? How Insects Become Pests. How do insects become pests? Problems with Pesticides. What is most commonly used to control insect pests? What is a pest? How Insects Become Pests How do insects become pests? Introduction outside of native range Becomes disease vector Plant or animal (inclu. human) disease vector Host shift in native insect

More information

Fruit Pest Control for Home Gardens

Fruit Pest Control for Home Gardens Fruit Pest Control for Home Gardens Pest management in fruit gardens and home orchards should begin with good growing practices such as: Selecting pest resistant varieties adapted to Kansas conditions.

More information

Diagnosing Problems of Roses in the Landscape

Diagnosing Problems of Roses in the Landscape ARIZONA COOP E R AT I V E E TENSION AZ1528 September 2010 Diagnosing Problems of Roses in the Landscape Desert Southwest gardeners are fortunate to have fewer insect and disease problems on roses than

More information

TOBACCO INSECT CONTROL Francis P. F. Reay-Jones, Extension Entomologist

TOBACCO INSECT CONTROL Francis P. F. Reay-Jones, Extension Entomologist TOBACCO CONTROL Francis P. F. Reay-Jones, Extension Entomologist Integrated pest management (IPM) is the ecological approach to pest control. It uses ALL suitable techniques to reduce pests below economic

More information

University of Hawaii at Manoa, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources

University of Hawaii at Manoa, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources University of Hawaii at Manoa, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources J. Sugano, J. Uyeda, S. Fukuda, K. Wang, M. Kawate, C. Tamaru, B. Fox, and T. Radovich College of Tropical Agriculture

More information

Carpet Beetles In Homes Phil Pellitteri/UW Insect Diagnostic Lab

Carpet Beetles In Homes Phil Pellitteri/UW Insect Diagnostic Lab Carpet Beetles In Homes Phil Pellitteri/UW Insect Diagnostic Lab One can expect to find a few carpet beetles in any home. Larvae can feed on animal hair, dead insect, wool, horn, silk, plant seeds, feathers,

More information