# Fantastic Frogs and Terrible Toads

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1 Fantastic Frogs and Terrible Toads A Teacher Resource Kit

2 Fantasitic Frogs and Terrible Toads Teacher Resource Kit Produced by Leslie Beissel and Yvonne Cole, 2005 ii Fantastic Frogs TRK

5 1.1 Frog Features Most people know that frogs are plumpish with broad heads, no tails and have long, strong back legs. Frogs have many more amazing features, some of which are listed below. See of you can match each description on the left with the name of the feature on the right. Frogs are different from other vertebrae in that they are members of the zoological class called Amphibia. This means they spend part of their life under water, breathing through their gills, and part on land, breathing with lungs. Slimy Skin Some frogs have adhesive discs on the tips of their fingers and toes which help them climb. On smooth surfaces these act like suction cups. Earthmovers Frogs absorb most of the moisture they need through their skin. Frogs also rely on getting extra oxygen (in addition to what they get from their lungs) from water by absorbing it through their skin. Leap Frog Frogs go slimy when they secrete mucus to keep their skin moist. Even with slimy skin, frogs need to stay wet. If there is no water to jump into, frogs can get moisture from dew or burrow underground. Feet for swimming Frogs can launch themselves over 20 times their own length using their big strong legs. Sticky Pads for Climbing Frogs that burrow into the sand to keep moist in the heat have stubby claw-like fingers that are adapted to digging. Amphibians Some frogs have webbing between their toes that make it easier for them to move through water. Special Skin 2 Fantastic Frogs TRK

6 1.2 Frog Facts Solve the maths problems at the below and use the solutions to break the code and work out the missing words for each frog fact = W 11-4 = N = P 1-0 = E 26 2 = B 4 4 = A 30 6 = D = V = S = H 56 7 = T 7-4 = I 36 4 = C 3 4 = L = O 42 7 = R Frogs and belong to a group of animals called amphibians. Frogs are different to other animals as they need to spend part of their life in especially when they are In Australia, there are no native. The only species found here is the and it was introduced from South America. Frogs can through their skin. Their skin needs to be skin to do this so they like damp places to Fantastic Frogs TRK

7 1.3 Frog Life Cycle Diagram Using the terms below, correctly label each stage of the Frog Life Cycle. Adult Frog Tadpole with legs Eggs Tadpole Froglet Frog Life Cycle images sourced from 4 Fantastic Frogs TRK

8 1.4 Life Cycle of Frogs Describe each stage of the frog life cycle in the table below. EGGS DESCRIPTION OF FROG LIFE STAGE TADPOLES TADPOLE WITH LEGS FROGLET ADULT FROG 5 Fantastic Frogs TRK

9 1.5 Life Cycle Word Search Most frogs have a life cycle with two distict stages, typically living in water as young and on land as adults. Find all the words listed below. L W E T L A N D S L R H W M E T D A I E C A M O R N P G T T R H O S O F G A A M A T E P R N W H S L I F E O U I G S W O R G G L G E G N A H C L E T A E T A I L E E L O P D A T S T LIFE WATER POND WARM WETLANDS GILL MATE LUNG EGGS TADPOLE FROGLET HATCH GROWS CHANGE EAT TAIL Once you have found all the words, carefully write the left over letters in the spaces at the bottom of the page (working from left to right and top to bottom). is the name of the process a frog goes through when changing into an adult. 6 Fantastic Frogs TRK

10 1.6 Frog Food The frog below is hungry and is ready to catch some food. Draw three different creatures the frog would eat. 7 Fantastic Frogs TRK

11 1.7 Frog Food Word Search All frogs eat other animals. None eats plants. Frogs usually eat insects and other arthropods but some frogs will eat animals with backbones, such as other frogs, lizards and small mammals. A few frogs even eat bats which they catch from the water as bats fly low to drink. Other frogs eat snakes! Find all the words listed below and carefully write the left over letters in the spaces at the bottom of the page to find out an interesting fact about frog food! F R C R I C K E T O M S G S M I C E E Y R A T T G U L S A L O N Y C L I V E L F W F O O E D T H I N H B E Y C S A D A O T U H T O M N R N G R G N S W A L I S A A E L T E E B B L R E O W R E D I P S D BEETLE BIRD BUG CRICKET DRAGONFLY EARTHWORM INSECTS MICE MOTH SLUG SNAIL SPIDER _ 8 Fantastic Frogs TRK

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