QUALITY THROUGH EXPERTISE. MultiTherm. Direct Thermal Oxidation of gaseous and liquid streams containing organic pollutants

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "QUALITY THROUGH EXPERTISE. MultiTherm. Direct Thermal Oxidation of gaseous and liquid streams containing organic pollutants"

Transcription

1 QUALITY THROUGH EXPERTISE Direct Thermal Oxidation of gaseous and liquid streams containing organic pollutants

2 CTP Especially in the pharmaceutical, chemical and petrochemical industries waste streams occur that can contain highly concentrated waste gases and waste waters. For oxidation of these highly concentrated waste gas and liquid streams CTP has developed the concept of the. Already more than 15 years ago CTP realised the first systems for the removal of liquid waste. Increased requirements, growing operating experience and inventive talent paved the way for ever more effective and optimized systems. CTP has not only developed nozzle systems for an optimized distribution of waste gases and liquids in the combustion chamber but also a series of variable nozzle lances which operate at fluctuating flow rates without the need of flow compensation of the waste gas streams. CTP s creative solutions together with long-time experience, an excellent project management and a quality-orientated manufacturing are of considerable value to our customers. 2 Different streams Explosive waste gas streams with declaration of zones Low contaminated waste gases or waters Liquid waste as a combustible Waste gases with or without oxygen

3 Unique advantages of the CTP-system Residue-free combustion Well-proven multifunctional burner also available in LowNOx design Selection and arrangement of the injection lances in an optimally dimensioned combustion chamber for the respective pollutant Special nozzle technologies Universal applicability Hydrocarbon compounds Organic nitrogen compounds and ammonia Halogenated hydrocarbons Organic sulphur compounds and hydrogen sulphides (+ CS2) Hydrogen Ultrasonic spray nozzels with modular nozzle design Waste gases or liquids containing hazardous substances are injected by special nozzels into a combustion chamber which is adapted to the respective pollutants. For waste gases or liquids creating flames the nozzels are arranged in the multifunctional CTP burner, for low calorific source streams the nozzels are positioned at the front wall of the combustion chamber to ensure an optimum mixing with the burner flame. The injection of the combustion air through the burner is essential for the mixing quality of the combustion air and the pollutants. All parameters of the air supply such as the direction of the swirl or the power of the swirl are adjustable durning operation via slides and valves. As a waste gas cleaning process the combustion is appropriate for all oxidizable pollutants. Hydrocarbons oxidize at temperatures between 750 C and 1000 C to carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O). Depending on the type of pollutant, however, undesirable oxidation by-products such as SO2, HCl, NOx, SiO2 and others can occur which have to be removed by further procedural steps when exceeding the permissible legal emission limits. The purified gases are either re-cooled by a flue gas quench or directed to the stack via a downstream heat recovery. 3

4 The system CTP is part of a combination process. This process consists in general of a thermal oxidation and one or more upstream or downstream processes adapted to the specific application. Typical system combinations Liquid and/or gaseous hydrocarbon compounds and organic nitrogen compounds SCR/ Dioxin Removal Liquid and/or gaseous haloenic hydrocarbon compounds or sulphur compounds Quench/ Scrubber SCR/ Dioxin Removal The process The flow chart below shows, as an example, a typical design of a thermal oxidation system. The first cleaning stage, which consists of the system, guarantees the complete oxidation of the pollutants. The waste heat is recoverd in the downstream steam generator and waste gas heat exchanger (economizer) and thus is then available in the production plant. In the downstream flue gas quench/scrubber stage undesirable oxidation by-products such as HCL, SO2 oder SO3 are removed. In the last cleaning stage, which consists of preheating, reduction agent, injection and SCR catalyst, nitric oxides (NOx) are converted to water and atmospheric nitrogen (N2). After the extraction of the waste heat of the SCR unit the waste gas is exhausted via an induced draft fan through the stack. 4

5 Heat recovery in form of a steam generator or a thermal oil heater improves the efficiency of the complete system significantly. For the steam generation fire tube boilers are used which can be dimensioned for medium to high steam pressures. Downstream economizers additionally increase the efficiency of the system. The thermal oil heating takes place in conventional tube bundle heat exchangers. SCR/Dioxin removal Nitrogen oxides and dioxines can be purified together, if necessary, in a catalyst. The type of catalyst, its geometry and dotation are chosen for each specific case. As the special SCR catalyst provides a NOx cleaning even at low temperatures, it is a good solution for a particularly economical operation of the system. Quench/ Wet scrubber The hot flue gas from the combustion is cooled to absorbent temperature in the quench to absorbent temperature. In the downstream scrubber the inorganic flue gas contents such as halogenated compounds and sulphur compounds are washed out. The wet emission control may vary according to contents and contaminants in compliance with the requirements of emission limits and the requirements of the downstream system in the design of a two- or multi-level system. 5

6 The key components The burner system CTP s multifuel burner for liquid and gaseous combustibles also serves as supporting burner for a self-sufficient operation. Separately draggable lances with functional spray nozzle caps for waste gases and liquids can be built into the center of the burner. Through adaptable swirls inside of the burner the turbulence in the combustion chamber can be adjusted depending on the requirements. Injection lances and nozzels CTP offers different nozzles which fit perfectly to the respective requirement: gas nozzles with optimized spray devices for low primary pressures with reduced consumption of resources, or variable gas nozzles which guarantee a safe and flashback-free operation at fluctuating flows. Ultrasonic nozzles for liquids guarantee a complete oxidation because of an optimal distribution and a steady flame. All nozzles are equipped with a flame shaping head which determines the geometry of the flame. The combustion chamber Geometry, size and deisgn of the combustion chamber are constantly adapted by CTP to the respective requirements. For insulation ceramic fibre materials, refractory concrete or refractory stones are used. A ventilated external insulation keeps the steel wall at an elevated temperature. The dimensioning of the insulation body is carried out taking the dew point of the flue gas into account. Controlled systems and safety technology The number of the independent safety features required depends mainly on the determined zone definition of the substance stream. For combustions, static dry or wet flame arresters and dynamic flash-back protection are used. As an innovative new development CTP offers dynamic control lances which reliably inhibit a flashback because of the high outgoing speed and the integrated cooling circuit. 6

7 Control system The control system includes control, safety-related monitoring and control of the system components. A sophisticated control concept allows an automated system operation even under changing load conditions without human intervention. This control system can also be integrated into the external system-in-use of the customer. The user interface visualizes the processes of the system in diagrams which are clear and intuitive to use. All measurements, alarms and events are stored in databases and are available at an interface for data recording by the customer. Integrated options SNCR The reduction agent, urea or also ammonia water is passed through a separate part of the combustion chamber and reacts with the existent nitrogen oxides. The suitable placement of the reagent injection lances and a controlled dosage of the reduction agent amount make it possible to achieve a comparatively high degree of NOx reduction. Zero heat-loss combustion chamber In order to prevent as much as possible heat losses at the combustion chamber a multi-layered design of the external insulation is used. The inner shell keeps the steel wall at a higher temperature, so that at no point a condensation of flue gas components occurs. The outer shell largely prevents a heat loss to the environment. Between the shells the ambient air circulates by means of natural draft. The air, preheated by the axcess heat, is fed directly to the combustion chamber. 7

8 V 3.0 Chemisch Thermische Prozesstechnik GmbH 8042 Graz /Austria, Schmiedlstrasse 10 Tel. +43/0/316/4101 0, Fax +43/0/316/

How Thermal Oxidation Can Increase the Sustainability of a Chemical Plant

How Thermal Oxidation Can Increase the Sustainability of a Chemical Plant How Thermal Oxidation Can Increase the Sustainability of a Chemical Plant Jon Hommes, Engineer, Durr Systems, Inc. Installing new production processes, or upgrading and expanding existing lines today requires

More information

Waste Incineration Plants

Waste Incineration Plants Waste Incineration Plants Modern Technology for a better Environmental Welcome at Hafner! We Manufacture Systems for Energy Recovery from Wastes and Biomass as well as for Treatment of Hazardous Wastes.

More information

SULFUR RECOVERY UNIT. Thermal Oxidizer

SULFUR RECOVERY UNIT. Thermal Oxidizer SULFUR RECOVERY UNIT Thermal Oxidizer BURNERS FLARES INCINERATORS PARTS & SERVICE SULFUR RECOVERY UNIT Thermal Oxidizer Tail Gas Thermal Oxidizer designed and built to GOST-R requirements. Zeeco can meet

More information

TODAY S THERMAL OXIDIZER SOLUTIONS TO MEET TOMORROW S CHALLENGES

TODAY S THERMAL OXIDIZER SOLUTIONS TO MEET TOMORROW S CHALLENGES Callidus Oxidizers for Waste Destruction TODAY S THERMAL OXIDIZER SOLUTIONS TO MEET TOMORROW S CHALLENGES Thermal oxidizer systems Catalytic oxidizer systems Callidus, experts in Thermal Oxidizers Wide

More information

Sulfur Tail Gas Thermal Oxidizer Systems By Peter Pickard

Sulfur Tail Gas Thermal Oxidizer Systems By Peter Pickard Sulfur Tail Gas Thermal Oxidizer Systems By Peter Pickard Introduction SRU s (Sulfur Recovery Units) are critical pieces of equipment in refineries and gas plants. SRUs remove sulfur compounds from certain

More information

Energy Efficient Operations and Maintenance Strategies for Boilers

Energy Efficient Operations and Maintenance Strategies for Boilers Energy Efficient Operations and Maintenance Strategies for Boilers Large, complex and widely used, industrial boilers are major consumers of fuel. Proper operations and maintenance (O&M) procedures must

More information

HEAT RECOVERY OPTIONS FOR DRYERS AND OXIDIZERS

HEAT RECOVERY OPTIONS FOR DRYERS AND OXIDIZERS HEAT RECOVERY OPTIONS FOR DRYERS AND OXIDIZERS William K. Scullion, Application Engineering Leader, MEGTEC Systems, De Pere, WI Introduction Competitive pressures continuously motivate us to examine our

More information

CONTENTS. ZVU Engineering a.s., Member of ZVU Group, WASTE HEAT BOILERS Page 2

CONTENTS. ZVU Engineering a.s., Member of ZVU Group, WASTE HEAT BOILERS Page 2 WASTE HEAT BOILERS CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION... 3 2 CONCEPTION OF WASTE HEAT BOILERS... 4 2.1 Complex Solution...4 2.2 Kind of Heat Exchange...5 2.3 Heat Recovery Units and Their Usage...5 2.4 Materials

More information

COMBUSTION. By: Michael Biarnes. In collaboration with: Bill Freed and Jason Esteves. E Instruments International LLC - www.e-inst.

COMBUSTION. By: Michael Biarnes. In collaboration with: Bill Freed and Jason Esteves. E Instruments International LLC - www.e-inst. COMBUSTION By: Michael Biarnes In collaboration with: Bill Freed and Jason Esteves E Instruments International LLC - www.e-inst.com 1 Combustion What is Combustion? Combustion takes place when fuel, most

More information

Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 15: Coal Gasification

Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 15: Coal Gasification 1 P age Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 15: Coal Gasification 2 P age Keywords: Coal preparation, purification, gasification, gasifier, syngas 2.6 Coal gasification Coal gasification technology

More information

Description of Thermal Oxidizers

Description of Thermal Oxidizers Description of Thermal Oxidizers NESTEC, Inc. is a full service equipment supplier specializing in solutions for plant emission problems. The benefit in working with NESTEC, Inc. is we bring 25+ years

More information

Carbon Dioxide Membrane Separation for Carbon Capture using Direct FuelCell Systems

Carbon Dioxide Membrane Separation for Carbon Capture using Direct FuelCell Systems Carbon Dioxide Membrane Separation for Carbon Capture using Direct FuelCell Systems DFC Technology Used as Electrochemical Membrane for CO 2 Purification and Capture during Power Generation FCE s Direct

More information

Conscious of tradition. Energetic

Conscious of tradition. Energetic Andernach 02 03 Energetic Conscious of tradition Waste is a valuable source of energy. The energy from waste has been recycled in the plants of the EEW Energy from Waste Group (EEW) for more than 40 years

More information

INCINERATION PLANTS. Hazardous waste incineration Wastewater incineration Sewage sludge incineration. A Bayer and LANXESS company

INCINERATION PLANTS. Hazardous waste incineration Wastewater incineration Sewage sludge incineration. A Bayer and LANXESS company INCINERATION PLANTS Hazardous waste incineration Wastewater incineration Sewage sludge incineration A Bayer and LANXESS company HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATION Introduction INTRODUCTION The thermal treatment

More information

QUADRANT SR- Thermal Oxidizer Process Design & Environmental Control Benefits for the Sand Coating Industries

QUADRANT SR- Thermal Oxidizer Process Design & Environmental Control Benefits for the Sand Coating Industries > 99% VOC, HAP & CO Destruction Efficiency Time, temperature and turbulence are the basic design principles required for organic pollutant control. In the QUADRANT-SR SERIES Recuperative Thermal Oxidizers,

More information

This article provides a basic primer on an

This article provides a basic primer on an Everything You Need to Know About NOx Controlling and minimizing pollutant emissions is critical for meeting air quality regulations. By Charles Baukal, Director of R&D, John Zinc Co. LLC, Tulsa, Okla.

More information

COMBUSTION. In order to operate a heat engine we need a hot source together with a cold sink

COMBUSTION. In order to operate a heat engine we need a hot source together with a cold sink COMBUSTION In order to operate a heat engine we need a hot source together with a cold sink Occasionally these occur together in nature eg:- geothermal sites or solar powered engines, but usually the heat

More information

Boiler Tune-up Guide

Boiler Tune-up Guide Boiler Tune-up Guide National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Area Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers What is a boiler tune-up? 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart JJJJJJ

More information

Continuous flow direct water heating for potable hot water

Continuous flow direct water heating for potable hot water Continuous flow direct water heating for potable hot water An independently produced White Paper for Rinnai UK 2013 www.rinnaiuk.com In the 35 years since direct hot water systems entered the UK commercial

More information

ANAEROBIC DIGESTER HEATING

ANAEROBIC DIGESTER HEATING ANAEROBIC DIGESTER HEATING The use of an external heat exchanger is the most common means of maintaining the proper temperature in an anaerobic digester. Raw sludge is sometimes pumped through these units

More information

Process Heater Burners, Flare Systems, Thermal Oxidizers and Catalyst Systems. Combustion Technology

Process Heater Burners, Flare Systems, Thermal Oxidizers and Catalyst Systems. Combustion Technology Combustion Technology INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS FOR COMBUSTION AND EMISSIONS CHALLENGES Process Heater Burners, Flare Systems, Thermal Oxidizers and Catalyst Systems Callidus Technologies by Honeywell - Experie

More information

Waste to Energy in Düsseldorf. for a clean city.

Waste to Energy in Düsseldorf. for a clean city. Waste to Energy in Düsseldorf for a clean city. Waste Management in Düsseldorf. Düsseldorf s public utilities company known as Stadtwerke Düsseldorf operates a waste to energy plant (WtE) that has been

More information

Ceramic Heat Exchangers

Ceramic Heat Exchangers Ceramic Heat Exchangers Efficient use of Energy HTI 4-Pass Ceramic Heat Exchanger Turning waste to energy, liabilities to assets and visions into reality. Table of Contents Ceramic Air-To-Air Heat Exchangers

More information

Indirect fired heaters

Indirect fired heaters Indirect fired heaters Indirect Fired Heaters General INDIRECT BATH HEATERS have a wide variety of successful applications in the oil and gas production, processing and transmission industry. Some of the

More information

Boiler NOx Emissions and Energy Efficiency

Boiler NOx Emissions and Energy Efficiency Boiler NOx Emissions and Energy Efficiency Prepared For: Boiler Operators and Facility Managers Prepared By: 100 Montgomery Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, CA 94104 AGENDA Introduction Boiler NOx Formation

More information

Steam Generator Boilers Compact Steam Boilers. Rapid Start-Up Safe in Operation

Steam Generator Boilers Compact Steam Boilers. Rapid Start-Up Safe in Operation Steam Generator Boilers Compact Steam Boilers Rapid Start-Up Safe in Operation AB&CO TT BOILERS The boiler maker AB&CO TT BOILERS LTD. have since the middle sixties produced industrial boilers and heaters

More information

WATER WALL BOILER FOR AIR AND OXYGEN FIRED CLAUS SULPHUR RECOVERY UNITS

WATER WALL BOILER FOR AIR AND OXYGEN FIRED CLAUS SULPHUR RECOVERY UNITS WATER WALL BOILER FOR AIR AND OXYGEN FIRED CLAUS SULPHUR RECOVERY UNITS Abstract Mahin RAMESHNI, P.E. Technical Director, Sulphur Technology Mahin.Rameshni@worleyparsons.com WorleyParsons 125 West Huntington

More information

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality Page 1 Chapter 117 - Control of Air Pollution from Nitrogen Compounds

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality Page 1 Chapter 117 - Control of Air Pollution from Nitrogen Compounds Texas Commission on Environmental Quality Page 1 SUBCHAPTER G: GENERAL MONITORING AND TESTING REQUIREMENTS DIVISION 1: COMPLIANCE STACK TESTING AND REPORT REQUIREMENTS 117.8000, 117.8010 Effective June

More information

A GUIDE TO SELECTING YOUR INDUSTRIAL OVEN

A GUIDE TO SELECTING YOUR INDUSTRIAL OVEN A GUIDE TO SELECTING YOUR INDUSTRIAL OVEN Application 1 The first step in selecting an industrial oven is defining the required heat application that your oven will be used for. Heat processing is extensively

More information

State of the Art (SOTA) Manual for Boilers and Process Heaters

State of the Art (SOTA) Manual for Boilers and Process Heaters State of the Art (SOTA) Manual for Boilers and Process Heaters Original Date: July 1997 Revision Date: February 22, 2004 State of New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Air Quality Permitting

More information

COKE PRODUCTION FOR BLAST FURNACE IRONMAKING

COKE PRODUCTION FOR BLAST FURNACE IRONMAKING COKE PRODUCTION FOR BLAST FURNACE IRONMAKING By Hardarshan S. Valia, Scientist, Ispat Inland Inc INTRODUCTION A world class blast furnace operation demands the highest quality of raw materials, operation,

More information

VOC Oxidizers: Where to begin? Robert F. Keibler NacahTech, LLC 4/2006 Revised 9/6/2011

VOC Oxidizers: Where to begin? Robert F. Keibler NacahTech, LLC 4/2006 Revised 9/6/2011 VOC Oidizers: Where to begin? Robert F. Keibler NacahTech, LLC 4/2006 Revised 9/6/2011 If you want to solve a VOC (volatile organic compound) air pollution problem, how do you begin? You want a solution

More information

Review DRAFT B.6 THERMAL OXIDIZERS 1,2,16,17

Review DRAFT B.6 THERMAL OXIDIZERS 1,2,16,17 1,2,16,17 B.6.1 Background Thermal oxidizers or thermal incinerators are combustion systems that control VOC, CO, and volatile HAP emissions by combusting them to carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and water. The

More information

Minimizing NOx-Emissions of Heavy Oil fired Boilers combining Fuel Additives and SNCR

Minimizing NOx-Emissions of Heavy Oil fired Boilers combining Fuel Additives and SNCR Minimizing NOx-Emissions of Heavy Oil fired Boilers combining Fuel Additives and SNCR District Heating Days Hradec Králové 24. - 26. April 2001 1 Minimizing NOx-Emissions of Heavy Oil fired Boilers combining

More information

A New Type of Straw Gasification-Heating Set

A New Type of Straw Gasification-Heating Set International Conference on Bioenergy Utilization and Environment Protection 6 th LAMNET Workshop Dalian, China 2003 A New Type of Straw Gasification-Heating Set Mr. Liu Yong / Mr. Gu Chaoguang Hefei Tian

More information

Efficiency on a large scale CFB Steam Boilers

Efficiency on a large scale CFB Steam Boilers Efficiency on a large scale CFB Steam Boilers Circulating Fluidized Bed Steam Boiler The Circulating Fluidized Bed Steam Boiler is an offering from Bosch Thermotechnology a member of the worldwide Bosch

More information

High-efficient gas boiler CompactGas

High-efficient gas boiler CompactGas High-efficient gas boiler CompactGas Patented alufer for a high efficiency and low emission. 1 CompactGas (1000-2800). Advantages at a glance. The Hoval CompactGas fulfils all expectations with regard

More information

Chapter 2 Boiler 101: typical NYC residential heating system

Chapter 2 Boiler 101: typical NYC residential heating system Chapter 2 Boiler 101: typical NYC residential heating system One and two family homes often use forced-hot-air heating systems, which include a burner, heat exchanger and blower(s). In these types of systems,

More information

Proving Energy Efficiency in Manufacturing Delivers Serious ROI. By Anoosheh M. Oskouian

Proving Energy Efficiency in Manufacturing Delivers Serious ROI. By Anoosheh M. Oskouian Proving Energy Efficiency in Manufacturing Delivers Serious ROI By Anoosheh M. Oskouian 562-997-0233 www.shipandshore.com Ship & Shore offers solutions and recommendations for effective methods to reduce

More information

GAS HEATING IN COMMERCIAL PREMISES

GAS HEATING IN COMMERCIAL PREMISES ENERGY EFFICIENCY OFFICES GAS HEATING IN COMMERCIAL PREMISES www.energia.ie www.energia.ie Typically, energy reductions of 10% or more can be made easily through maintenance and low cost improvements.

More information

Vogt Power Emission Control Solutions

Vogt Power Emission Control Solutions ONE SOURCE ONE PURPOSE MANY SOLUTIONS Vogt Power Emission Control Solutions Kelly Flannery Kristen Cooper Andrew Heid Chief Thermal Engineer Simple Cycle Design Lead Emission Catalyst Design Lead Presented

More information

EMISSIONS #1 - COMBUSTION CHEMISTRY

EMISSIONS #1 - COMBUSTION CHEMISTRY Introduction to Combustion Chemistry The gasoline-powered internal combustion engine takes air from the atmosphere and gasoline, a hydrocarbon fuel, and through the process of combustion releases the chemical

More information

TECHNICAL INFORMATION ABOUT NATURAL GAS CLEANING AND TREATMENT

TECHNICAL INFORMATION ABOUT NATURAL GAS CLEANING AND TREATMENT TECHNICAL INFORMATION ABOUT NATURAL GAS CLEANING AND TREATMENT I / 13 1 Natural Gas Cleaning and Treatment EDL and DBI are able to offer the basic and detail engineering including selection of technology

More information

Thermal and Catalytic Oxidation Systems

Thermal and Catalytic Oxidation Systems SYSTEMS Thermal Oxidation A Met-Pro Product Recovery/Pollution Control Technologies Business Bulletin 1010 Thermal and Catalytic Oxidation Systems INLET FILTER DILUTE LADEN ROTARY CONCENTRATOR HOT DILUTE

More information

Zero Emission Engine. An Economic and Environmental Benefit

Zero Emission Engine. An Economic and Environmental Benefit Zero Emission Engine An Economic and Environmental Benefit Saskia Scherfling Registration number: 731805 Department: VIII Course of studies: Process and Environmental Engineering September 2007 Table of

More information

Wet Scrubbers for Gasifier Gas Cleaning

Wet Scrubbers for Gasifier Gas Cleaning Wet Scrubbers for Gasifier Gas Cleaning Paper # 49 Andrew C. Bartocci Envitech, Inc. 2924 Emerson Street- Suite 320 San Diego, CA 92106 Ph: 619-223-9925, ext. 203 ABSTRACT Concern for global climate change

More information

Torino Nord. Cogeneration Plant. The gas turbine. The steam generator. The Torino Nord cogeneration plant produces electricity and heat for district

Torino Nord. Cogeneration Plant. The gas turbine. The steam generator. The Torino Nord cogeneration plant produces electricity and heat for district PLANT TORINO NORD Iren Energia is the company in the Iren Group whose core businesses are the production and distribution of electricity, the production and distribution of thermal energy for district

More information

fluidized bed coal fired thermal oil heater VTF

fluidized bed coal fired thermal oil heater VTF fluidized bed coal fired thermal oil heater VTF 1 clean coal technology basuki heater Coal is widely available and cheap fuel for industries. We offer highly efficient Thermal Oil Heater using bituminous

More information

R.A. Chaplin Department of Chemical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Canada

R.A. Chaplin Department of Chemical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Canada POWER PLANT COMBUSTION THEORY R.A. Chaplin Department of Chemical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Canada Keywords: Combustion, Efficiency, Calorific Value, Combustion Products, Gas Analysis Contents

More information

Improving Energy Efficiency through Biomass Drying

Improving Energy Efficiency through Biomass Drying Improving Energy Efficiency through Biomass Drying Gilbert McCoy, Senior Energy Systems Engineer Northwest CHP Technical Assistance Partnership International District Energy Association Woody Biomass CHP

More information

Module 5: Combustion Technology. Lecture 34: Calculation of calorific value of fuels

Module 5: Combustion Technology. Lecture 34: Calculation of calorific value of fuels 1 P age Module 5: Combustion Technology Lecture 34: Calculation of calorific value of fuels 2 P age Keywords : Gross calorific value, Net calorific value, enthalpy change, bomb calorimeter 5.3 Calculation

More information

COMBUSTION FUEL-AIR RATIOS: ACHIEVING COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY

COMBUSTION FUEL-AIR RATIOS: ACHIEVING COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY COMBUSTION FUEL-AIR RATIOS: ACHIEVING COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY Steam Best Practices Sheet 8 Achieving Fuel Cost Savings of 1.75% or More Combustion efficiency is an overlooked area for improving a steam system

More information

Deaerator White Paper for use with Industrial/Commercial and Institutional Boilers ABMA. representing the best of the boiler industry

Deaerator White Paper for use with Industrial/Commercial and Institutional Boilers ABMA. representing the best of the boiler industry Deaerator White Paper for use with Industrial/Commercial and Institutional Boilers ABMA. representing the best of the boiler industry Page 1 of 7 Deaerator White Paper for use with Industrial/Commercial

More information

Advantages of biomass gasification technologies

Advantages of biomass gasification technologies Biomass Gasification Biomass gasification, or producing gas from biomass, involves burning biomass under restricted air supply for the generation of producer gas. Producer gas is a mixture of gases: 18%

More information

Condensing Economizers Workshop Enbridge Gas, Toronto. MENEX Boiler Plant Heat Recovery Technologies. Prepared by: Jozo Martinovic, M A Sc, P Eng

Condensing Economizers Workshop Enbridge Gas, Toronto. MENEX Boiler Plant Heat Recovery Technologies. Prepared by: Jozo Martinovic, M A Sc, P Eng Condensing Economizers Workshop Enbridge Gas, Toronto MENEX Boiler Plant Heat Recovery Technologies Prepared by: Jozo Martinovic, M A Sc, P Eng MENEX Innovative Solutions May 15, 2008 MENEX INC. 683 Louis

More information

Monitoring Air Emissions on Ships. Restricted Siemens AG 2014 All rights reserved.

Monitoring Air Emissions on Ships. Restricted Siemens AG 2014 All rights reserved. Monitoring Air Emissions on Ships siemens.com/answers Why emission monitoring in the marine industry? Main drivers: Meeting regulations: NOx and SOx reduction Energy optimization; CO 2 reduction Resolution

More information

Combustion Basics. There is more to a burner than just blowing fire into a boiler or other heating device. Just what is a burner supposed to do?

Combustion Basics. There is more to a burner than just blowing fire into a boiler or other heating device. Just what is a burner supposed to do? Combustion Basics There is more to a burner than just blowing fire into a boiler or other heating device. Just what is a burner supposed to do? Provide heat to a boiler Control the outlet temperature or

More information

SIX REASONS TO DRY BIOGAS To A LOW DEWPOINT BEFORE COMBUSTION IN A CHP ENGINE STEVEN SCOTT MARKET DEVELOPMENT MANAGER ALTERNATIVE ENERGIES

SIX REASONS TO DRY BIOGAS To A LOW DEWPOINT BEFORE COMBUSTION IN A CHP ENGINE STEVEN SCOTT MARKET DEVELOPMENT MANAGER ALTERNATIVE ENERGIES SIX REASONS TO DRY BIOGAS To A LOW DEWPOINT BEFORE COMBUSTION IN A CHP ENGINE STEVEN SCOTT MARKET DEVELOPMENT MANAGER ALTERNATIVE ENERGIES Filippo Turra Product Manager Cooling Technology INTRODUCTION

More information

INTRODUCTION. Fact Sheet: Air Pollution Emission Control Devices for Stationary Sources

INTRODUCTION. Fact Sheet: Air Pollution Emission Control Devices for Stationary Sources Fact Sheet: Air Pollution Emission Control Devices for Stationary Sources INTRODUCTION Stationary sources of air pollution emissions, such as power plants, steel mills, smelters, cement plants, refineries,

More information

South Coast Air Quality Management District Monitoring & Analysis Division, Source Test Engineering Branch (909)

South Coast Air Quality Management District Monitoring & Analysis Division, Source Test Engineering Branch (909) South Coast Air Quality Management District 1865 Copley Drive, Diamond Bar, CA 91765-418 Monitoring & Analysis Division, Source Test Engineering Branch (909) 396-3479 Source Test Protocol For Determining

More information

Drying of Woody Biomass. Process Engineering / GEA Barr-Rosin

Drying of Woody Biomass. Process Engineering / GEA Barr-Rosin Drying of Woody Biomass BioPro Expo & Marketplace / Atlanta, GA / March 14-16, 2011 Drying of Woody Biomass Conventional Direct Fired Dryer Technology Proprietary work of the Copyright Owner Issues with

More information

Acid Rain. Everyone's heard of acid rain, but what do we actually know about it? What is this acid rain stuff anyway?

Acid Rain. Everyone's heard of acid rain, but what do we actually know about it? What is this acid rain stuff anyway? Acid Rain Everyone's heard of acid rain, but what do we actually know about it? What is this acid rain stuff anyway? Where does it come from? What's all the fuss about? How big a problem is it? What can

More information

Practical Examples of Heat Regenerative System at Steelmaking Works

Practical Examples of Heat Regenerative System at Steelmaking Works 2nd India-Japan Energy Forum Practical Examples of Heat Regenerative System at Steelmaking Works On Monday 4 February 2008 in Delhi Nisshin Steel Co., Ltd. Yukio Tomita 1 Structure of the Regenerative

More information

Evaluating Thermal & Catalytic Oxidation Technology for VOC, HAP & Odor Abatement. John Strey

Evaluating Thermal & Catalytic Oxidation Technology for VOC, HAP & Odor Abatement. John Strey Evaluating Thermal & Catalytic Oxidation Technology for VOC, HAP & Odor Abatement John Strey Experience Installing Quality Equipment Since 1987 Over 3,000 Air Abatement Systems Installed Worldwide Unbiased

More information

Enhanced power and heat generation from biomass and municipal waste. Torsten Strand. Siemens Power Generation Industrial Applications

Enhanced power and heat generation from biomass and municipal waste. Torsten Strand. Siemens Power Generation Industrial Applications Enhanced power and heat generation from biomass and municipal waste Torsten Strand Siemens Power Generation Industrial Applications Enhanced power and heat generation from biomass and municipal waste Torsten

More information

5. State the function of pulveriser. The pulverisers are the equipments which are used to powdered coal.

5. State the function of pulveriser. The pulverisers are the equipments which are used to powdered coal. 413 POWER PLANT ENGINEERING PART-A 1. Define Power. Power is the rate at which energy is used (or) Energy/time. 2. What are the types of fuels? Solid fuel Liquid fuel Gaseous fuel (Any one among the above

More information

Condensing Boiler Efficiency

Condensing Boiler Efficiency Condensing Boiler Efficiency Date: July 17, 2012 PRES E NT ED BY DO N L E O NA RDI LE O N A RD I I NC. HV AC T RAI N I N G & C ON SU LT IN G Concepts 1 The current state of evolution in boiler design 2

More information

Optimization Design for Sulfur Dioxide Flow Monitoring Apparatus in Thermal Power Plants Hao-wei Hu 1, a, Xue Yang 1, b and Xiao-wei Song 1, c

Optimization Design for Sulfur Dioxide Flow Monitoring Apparatus in Thermal Power Plants Hao-wei Hu 1, a, Xue Yang 1, b and Xiao-wei Song 1, c International Conference on Information Sciences, Machinery, Materials and Energy (ICISMME 2015) Optimization Design for Sulfur Dioxide Flow Monitoring Apparatus in Thermal Power Plants Hao-wei Hu 1, a,

More information

FOSSIL FUEL FIRED BOILER PLANT CONFIGURATION R.A.

FOSSIL FUEL FIRED BOILER PLANT CONFIGURATION R.A. FOSSIL FUEL FIRED BOILER PLANT CONFIGURATION R.A. Chaplin Department of Chemical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Canada Keywords: Steam, Boiler, Arrangement Contents 1. Introduction 1.1 Terminology

More information

INTEC Engineering GmbH Heating Solutions for the Marine Industry

INTEC Engineering GmbH Heating Solutions for the Marine Industry INTEC Engineering GmbH Heating Solutions for the Marine Industry Thermal Oil Heaters Heating Solutions for the Marine Industry Compared to conventional plants using hot water or steam, thermal oil as a

More information

Syngas Purification Units

Syngas Purification Units Syngas Purification Units From Gasification to Chemicals www.airliquide.com Global experience Since the integration of Lurgi, a pioneer in gasification technologies, Air Liquide has widely expanded its

More information

Enhancing SRUs with oxygen-enriched air

Enhancing SRUs with oxygen-enriched air M ost refiners have now moved toward a higher standard of s u l p h u r - r e c o v e ry efficiency to comply with clean fuels regulations that impose a reduction of sulphur in refined products. While

More information

INDEX 9-7-100 GENERAL

INDEX 9-7-100 GENERAL REGULATION 9 INORGANIC GASEOUS POLLUTANTS RULE 7 NITROGEN OXIDES AND CARBON MONOXIDE FROM INDUSTRIAL, INSTITUTIONAL AND COMMERCIAL BOILERS, STEAM GENERATORS AND PROCESS HEATERS INDEX 9-7-100 GENERAL 9-7-101

More information

Control Device Requirements Charts For Oil and Gas Handling and Production Facilities

Control Device Requirements Charts For Oil and Gas Handling and Production Facilities Device Charts For Oil and Gas Handling and Production Facilities Purpose/Scope: The purpose of this document is to provide standardized guidance for use by the regulated community and air permit reviewers,

More information

Originators of the Flexible Water Tube design

Originators of the Flexible Water Tube design BRYAN FLEXIBLE WATER TUBE AB SERIES STEAM AND WATER BOILER 900,000 TO 3,000,000 BTUH FORCED DRAFT GAS, OIL OR DUAL FUEL FIRED Water Boiler AB120-W-FDGO Steam Boiler AB250-S-150-FDG Originators of the Flexible

More information

CASE STUDY 1 COMMISSIONING A GAS FIRED STEAM BOILER

CASE STUDY 1 COMMISSIONING A GAS FIRED STEAM BOILER CASE STUDY 1 COMMISSIONING A GAS FIRED STEAM BOILER A steam boiler has been built and installed at a factory for the provision of process steam. The following lists the requirements used in the commissioning

More information

COMPARISON OF PROCESS FLOWS: FLUID BED COMBUSTOR AND GLASSPACK

COMPARISON OF PROCESS FLOWS: FLUID BED COMBUSTOR AND GLASSPACK COMPARISON OF PROCESS FLOWS: FLUID BED COMBUSTOR AND GLASSPACK PURPOSE The purpose of this document is to present the assumptions and calculations used to prepare Minergy Drawing 100-0204-PP00 (attached).

More information

The soot and scale problems

The soot and scale problems Dr. Albrecht Kaupp Page 1 The soot and scale problems Issue Soot and scale do not only increase energy consumption but are as well a major cause of tube failure. Learning Objectives Understanding the implications

More information

Presentation Outline. Background

Presentation Outline. Background Introduction ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS, INC. Innovative Air Pollution Control Solutions Air Pollution Abatement Technologies for the Oil and Natural Gas Processing Industries. Jeff Kudronowicz / Application

More information

BAT Reviews including Applicable Assessment Tables

BAT Reviews including Applicable Assessment Tables Attachment I.8 Thermal Oxidiser Technology Assessment IE0311237-41-RP-0001 BAT Reviews including Applicable Assessment Tables EPA Export 18-09-2015:22:49:29 Thermal Oxidiser Technology Assessment Celebrating

More information

AMMONIA AND UREA PRODUCTION

AMMONIA AND UREA PRODUCTION AMMONIA AND UREA PRODUCTION Urea (NH 2 CONH 2 ) is of great importance to the agriculture industry as a nitrogen-rich fertiliser. In Kapuni, Petrochem manufacture ammonia and then convert the majority

More information

EuroFID Total Hydrocarbon Analyzer. Precise Determination of Total Hydrocarbons in Air for Corrosive as well as Condensing Gases

EuroFID Total Hydrocarbon Analyzer. Precise Determination of Total Hydrocarbons in Air for Corrosive as well as Condensing Gases Product information EuroFID Total Hydrocarbon Analyzer Precise Determination of Total Hydrocarbons in Air for Corrosive as well as Condensing Gases Proven Analyzer Technology Measuring total hydrocarbons

More information

Regeneration systems for hydrochloric waste pickling solutions

Regeneration systems for hydrochloric waste pickling solutions Regeneration systems for hydrochloric waste pickling solutions www.andritz.com The leading regeneration technology for hydrochloric waste pickling acid The ANDRITZ spray roasting and fluid bed processes

More information

Committed to make a better world

Committed to make a better world Committed to make a better world 1. Higher Availability & Reliability 2. Highest Plant efficiency 3. Lower Heat Rate 4. Minimum Auxiliary Power Consumption 5. Minimum Emission of Pollutants Committed to

More information

Nitrogen Inert Gas Systems based on Membrane technology by Iver Iversen Unitor ASA

Nitrogen Inert Gas Systems based on Membrane technology by Iver Iversen Unitor ASA Nitrogen Inert Gas Systems based on Membrane technology by Iver Iversen Unitor ASA. Introduction Separation of air in a nitrogen stream and an oxygen enriched air stream using hollow fibre membranes has

More information

MONITORING & MEASURING EQUIPMENT FOR EMISSIONS CONTROL, HAZARD DETECTION & ENERGY OPTIMIZATION

MONITORING & MEASURING EQUIPMENT FOR EMISSIONS CONTROL, HAZARD DETECTION & ENERGY OPTIMIZATION MONITORING & MEASURING EQUIPMENT FOR EMISSIONS CONTROL, HAZARD DETECTION & ENERGY OPTIMIZATION YOUR GLOBAL MONITORING & MEASURING EXPERT service and delivery Our head office and production facilities are

More information

Operating Performance and Latest Technology of DeNOx Plants for Coal-Fired Boilers

Operating Performance and Latest Technology of DeNOx Plants for Coal-Fired Boilers 192 Operating Performance and Latest Technology of DeNOx Plants for Coal-Fired Boilers Operating Performance and Latest Technology of DeNOx Plants for Coal-Fired Boilers Masayuki Hirano Yasuyoshi Kato

More information

KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HÖGSKOLAN COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE NO X EMISSIONS OF UNDERFEED AND OVERFEED (HTAG) FIXED COMBUSTION

KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HÖGSKOLAN COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE NO X EMISSIONS OF UNDERFEED AND OVERFEED (HTAG) FIXED COMBUSTION KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HÖGSKOLAN COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE NO X EMISSIONS OF UNDERFEED AND OVERFEED (HTAG) FIXED COMBUSTION European Union 6 th Framework Programme SUSPOWER Programme Gilbert Lim University of

More information

NITROGEN OXIDES FORMATION in combustion processes COMBUSTION AND FUELS

NITROGEN OXIDES FORMATION in combustion processes COMBUSTION AND FUELS NITROGEN OXIDES FORMATION in combustion processes NITROGEN OXIDES FORMED DURING COMBUSTION N 2 O - nitrous oxide NO - nitric oxide NO 2 - nitrogen dioxide N = 14, O 2 =16, NO = 30, NO 2 = 46 CONTRIBUTION

More information

Biomass gasification methods

Biomass gasification methods Lecture 8 Biomass gasification methods Thermochemical conversion method Principle Gasifiers Operationtypes-Applications The thermo-chemical decomposition of hydrocarbons from biomass in a reducing (oxygen

More information

BorsodChem MCHZ, Czech Republic. 6,000 Nm 3 /h HTCR Topsøe Hydrogen Plant A Case Story: 18 Months from Engineering to Operation

BorsodChem MCHZ, Czech Republic. 6,000 Nm 3 /h HTCR Topsøe Hydrogen Plant A Case Story: 18 Months from Engineering to Operation 6,000 Nm 3 /h HTCR Topsøe Hydrogen Plant 2 1. Introduction... 3 2. The BorsodChem MCHZ Company... 3 3. HTCR Process and Reformer Principle...4 4. Engineering of the BorsodChem MCHZ HTCR Plant... 6 5. Workshop

More information

Phoenix Process Engineering, Inc. Project Experience Helping Clients Achieve MACT Compliance

Phoenix Process Engineering, Inc. Project Experience Helping Clients Achieve MACT Compliance Phoenix Process Engineering, Inc. Project Experience Helping Clients Achieve MACT Compliance The Boiler MACT, 40 CFR 63, Subpart DDDDD, was vacated in 2007 by the U.S Court of Appeals and the 2004 rule

More information

sharing responsibility for Birmingham

sharing responsibility for Birmingham sharing responsibility for Birmingham waste solutions for Birmingham MUNICIPAL WASTE HAZARDOUS WASTE COMMERCIAL WASTE SPECIALIST INDUSTRIAL SERVICES RECYCLING AND RECOVERY PACKAGING WASTE COMPLIANCE 2

More information

Appendix 5A: Natural Gas Use in Industrial Boilers

Appendix 5A: Natural Gas Use in Industrial Boilers Appendix 5A: Natural Gas Use in Industrial Boilers Industrial boilers consumed 2.1 Tcf of natural gas in 2006, accounting for 36% of total natural gas in manufacturing. 1 In this appendix, we provide further

More information

UOP Gas Processing. Realizing the Value of Your Natural Gas and Synthesis Gas Resources

UOP Gas Processing. Realizing the Value of Your Natural Gas and Synthesis Gas Resources UOP Gas Processing Realizing the Value of Your Natural Gas and Synthesis Gas Resources Gas Processing Solutions The golden age of gas Experts agree that by 2035 global gas use will rise by more than 50

More information

PREHEATING AUTOMATIC DRYING AND PREHEATING STATIONS

PREHEATING AUTOMATIC DRYING AND PREHEATING STATIONS PREHEATING AUTOMATIC DRYING AND PREHEATING STATIONS en PREHEATING AUTOMATIC DRYING AND PREHEATING STATIONS Refractory linings used in steel mill equipment come into contact with liquid metal and are required

More information

RULE 414, WATER HEATERS, BOILERS AND PROCESS HEATERS RATED LESS THAN 1,000,000 BTU PER HOUR Adopted 08-01-96 (Amended 03-25-10) INDEX

RULE 414, WATER HEATERS, BOILERS AND PROCESS HEATERS RATED LESS THAN 1,000,000 BTU PER HOUR Adopted 08-01-96 (Amended 03-25-10) INDEX RULE 414, WATER HEATERS, BOILERS AND PROCESS HEATERS RATED LESS THAN 1,000,000 BTU PER HOUR Adopted 08-01-96 (Amended 03-25-10) INDEX 100 GENERAL 101 PURPOSE 102 APPLICABILITY 110 EXEMPTION, WATER HEATERS

More information

Dipl.-Ing. Andreas Leutze, Siemens AG Power Generation, Erlangen. 1. Summary

Dipl.-Ing. Andreas Leutze, Siemens AG Power Generation, Erlangen. 1. Summary Design Specifics of High Efficiency Biomass Power Plants for fresh wood from forestry exemplified at the 23 MWe Biomass Power Plant Simmering / Vienna Austria Dipl.-Ing. Andreas Leutze, Siemens AG Power

More information

Yu. F. Vasyuchkov*, M. Yu. Bykova* NEW TECHNOLOGY OF GAS EXTRACTION ON THE BASE OF A COAL TO A HYDROGEN TRANSFER

Yu. F. Vasyuchkov*, M. Yu. Bykova* NEW TECHNOLOGY OF GAS EXTRACTION ON THE BASE OF A COAL TO A HYDROGEN TRANSFER WIERTNICTWO NAFTA GAZ TOM 28 ZESZYT 1 2 2011 Yu. F. Vasyuchkov*, M. Yu. Bykova* NEW TECHNOLOGY OF GAS EXTRACTION ON THE BASE OF A COAL TO A HYDROGEN TRANSFER In modern period the useful extraction of energy

More information

LOW EMISSION COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY FOR STATIONARY GAS TURBINE ENGINES

LOW EMISSION COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY FOR STATIONARY GAS TURBINE ENGINES LOW EMISSION COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY FOR STATIONARY GAS TURBINE ENGINES by Stuart A. Greenwood Group Manager Solar Turbines Inc. San Diego, California Stuart A. Greenwood is the Group Manager of the Advanced

More information