1 AIHA OSHA UPDATE PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Doug Huddleston, CSP OSHA Region VI ERC-Programs Manager
2 Overview Types of Controls Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Program ANSI Updates Training Requirements Additional PPE Safety and Health Requirements Payment for PPE Examples of PPE 2
3 Protecting Employees from Workplace Hazards Employers must protect employees from workplace hazards such as machines, hazardous substances, and dangerous work procedures that can cause injury. Employers must: Use all feasible engineering, administrative, and work practice controls to eliminate and reduce hazards; Use appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) if these controls do not eliminate the hazards. Remember, PPE is the last level of control! 3
5 Establishing a PPE Program Sets out procedures for selecting, providing and using PPE as part of an employer s routine operation. First -- assess the workplace to determine if hazards are present, or are likely to be present, which necessitate the use of PPE. Once the proper PPE has been selected, the employer must provide training to each employee who is required to use PPE.
6 (a) General Requirements Protective equipment, including PPE for eyes, face, head and extremities, protective clothing, respiratory devices and protective shields and barriers, shall be provided, used and maintained in sanitary and reliable condition
8 Who Requires the Use of PPE?
9 HEAD PROTECTION
10 Update - ANSI/ISEA Z American National Standard for Industrial Head Protection Performance and testing requirements for industrial helmets (hard hats). Establishes the types & classes of protective helmets (hazard dependent). Includes specifications for helmets designed to offer protection from lateral impact, or top-only impact affords users flexibility to select the helmet that works for them. Key updates contained in this version include optional testing and marking features for head protection for use in high-temperature environments, as well as editorial revisions to clarify test procedures. ISEA s Head Protection Group established the optional preconditioning at higher temperatures as a parallel to the previous optional cold preconditioning performance criteria, noted Joann Kline, chairman of the ISEA Head Protection Group and safety products, standards and regulations leader for Kimberly-Clark Professional.
11 Head Protection Type I & Type II Class: E, G, C ANSI/ISEA Z Highlights Performance Data - Manufacturers required to provide justification (upon request) that their components do not cause helmets to fail Instructions & Marking Section Information Marked on Inside of Helmet: Manufacturer s Name/ DOM Type and Class Designation Optional performance features: Reverse Donning LT - Lower Temperature HV - High Visibility HT - Higher Temperature Hot Temperature Pre-conditioning Now 140F (60C) Was 120F (48.8C)
12 What are some of the causes of head injuries? Falling objects Bumping head against fixed objects, such as exposed pipes or beams Contact with exposed electrical conductors 12
13 What are some of the issues with hard hats? Wearing the bill of the hard hat facing the rear OSHA Letter of interpretation DATED May 9, Employees working on the roof of a home under construction (there is no overhead work being done). OSHA Letter of interpretation DATED February 20,
14 Hearing Protection Subpart G An employer must establish an effective Hearing Conservation Program whenever employees noise exposures equal or exceed an 8-hour time weighted average sound level of 85 decibels. OSHA technical link for Noise and Hearing Conservation - Go to Section III, Chapter 5, Noise Measurement. 14
15 Hearing Conservation Program The Hearing Conservation Program includes: How to monitor employees exposures An audiometric testing program Use of hearing protectors A training program Recordkeeping 15
16 Types of Hearing Protection Ear plugs Ear muffs Canal Caps not recommended Dual Protection plugs and muffs (5dB) NRR values vs. real world attenuation Safety factors
17 Eye Protection
18 What are some of the causes of eye injuries? Dust and other flying particles, such as metal shavings or sawdust. Molten metal that might splash. Acids and other caustic liquid chemicals that might splash Blood and other potentially infectious body fluids that might splash, spray, or splatter. Intense light such as that created by welding and lasers. 18
19 Eye Protection Eye and face protection must comply with the ANSI Z Z87 & Z87+ ANSI Z
20 Update - ANSI/ISEA Z American National Standard for Occupational and al Personal Eye and Face Protection Devices The updates in the revision reflect the need to streamline test methods in concert with similar global standards, such as those for impact testing and luminous transmittance for welding protectors, and to recognize new innovations in protector design. Key changes involve the use of Selection Guide and Protector Markings tools. Readers can utilize the tools to become familiar with the protector markings and the corresponding performance requirements given in the standard, in order to evaluate the capabilities and limitations of a particular device based on the manufacturer s claims.
21 Goggles Protect eyes, eye sockets, and the facial area immediately surrounding the eyes from impact, dust, and splashes Some goggles fit over corrective lenses 21
22 Welding Shields Protect eyes from burns caused by infrared or intense radiant light, and protect face and eyes from flying sparks, metal spatter, and slag chips produced during welding, brazing, soldering, and cutting 22
23 Optical Radiation: Filter Lenses & Lasers Wearing protection with the correct filter shade number is required to protect workers eyes from optical radiation. When selecting PPE, consider the type and degree of radiant energy in the workplace. Protect for the specific wavelength of the laser. Be of optical density adequate for the energy involved
24 Contacts and Rx Lenses Employers must ensure that employees who wear prescription (Rx) lenses or contacts use PPE that incorporates the prescription or use eye protection that can be worn over prescription lenses.
25 The Correct PPE for the Job Like standard safety glasses, goggles are impact resistant and are available in tinted lenses. Goggles provide a secure shield around the entire eye area to protect against hazards coming from many directions. Safety goggles may have regular or indirect ventilation. (Goggles with indirect ventilation may be required if you are exposed to splash hazards).
26 Eye and Face Protection Face shields are intended to protect the entire face, or portions thereof, from impact hazards such as flying fragments, objects, large chips, and particles. When worn alone, face shields do not protect employees from impact hazards. Use face shields in combination with safety spectacles or goggles for additional protection.
27 Hand Protection Burns Bruises Abrasions Cuts Punctures Fractures Amputations Chemical Exposures 27
28 Types of Gloves Norfoil laminate resists permeation and breakthrough by an array of toxic/hazardous chemicals. Butyl provides the highest permeation resistance to gas or water vapors; frequently used for ketones (M.E.K., Acetone) and esters (Amyl Acetate, Ethyl Acetate). 28
29 Types of Gloves (cont d) Viton is highly resistant to permeation by chlorinated and aromatic solvents. Nitrile provides protection against a wide variety of solvents, harsh chemicals, fats and petroleum products and also provides excellent resistance to cuts, snags, punctures and abrasions. 29
30 Types of Gloves (cont d) Kevlar protects against cuts, slashes, and abrasion. Stainless steel mesh protects against cuts and lacerations. 30
31 Update - ANSI/ISEA American National Standard for Hand Protection Selection Criteria This standard addresses the classification and testing of hand protection for specific performance properties related to chemical and industrial applications Hand protection includes gloves, mittens, partial gloves, or other items covering the hand or a portion of the hand that are intended to provide protection against or resistance to a specific hazard. This standard provides performance ranges for many different properties based on standardized test methods. Descriptions of the test methods used in this standard are provided. Different levels of performance are specified for each property with zero (0) representing the minimal protection or none at all.
32 Foot Protection
33 Safety Shoes Have impact-resistant toes and heat-resistant soles that protect against hot surfaces common in roofing, paving, and hot metal industries. Some have metal insoles to protect against puncture wounds. May be designed to be electrically conductive for use in explosive atmospheres, or nonconductive to protect from workplace electrical hazards. Metatarsal Guards Metatarsal guards are part of the shoes or strapped to the outside of shoes to protect the instep from impact and compression 33
34 Additional Safety & Health Requirements Some types of PPE have specific safety & health requirements such as medical surveillance and fit testing that must be implemented by the employer: Respiratory protection program ( ) Hearing Conservation program ( ) 34
35 Changes in Regulations/Policies Regarding PPE Final rule for Employer Payment for Personal Protective Equipment dated November 15, 2007 (February 13, 2008 effective date). 29 CFR (a) Provide PPE that is necessary to protect employees from hazards 29 CFR (b) Ensure that employee-owned equipment is adequate, properly maintained, and sanitary 29 CFR (c) Ensure that the PPE used is safe in design and construction 29 CFR (d) Conduct a hazard assessment and select protective equipment accordingly 29 CFR (e) Prohibit the use of defective or damaged protective equipment 29 CFR (f) Provide PPE training to employees 29 CFR (h) Provide most PPE required by OSHA standards at no cost to employees 29 CFR Eye and face protection 29 CFR Respiratory protection 29 CFR Head protection 29 CFR Foot protection 29 CFR Electrical protective equipment 29 CFR Hand protection Final rule revising and updating PPE standards to be more consistent with current consensus standards, regarding good industry practices, as reflected by the latest editions of the pertinent American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards (September 9, 2009). CPL (February 10, 2011) CFR Part 1910, Subpart I, Enforcement Guidance for Personal Protective Equipment in General Industry 35
36 Payment for PPE When PPE is required to protect employees, it must be provided by the employer at no cost to employees. The employer is not required to pay for some specific items that are non-specialty and workers are permitted to wear them off the job site: Safety-toe protective shoes (including steel toe shoes or steel toe boots); and Prescription safety eyewear REGISTER&p_id=20094 This is the link to the Federal Register Notice on the PPE payment. 72: That is the reference-i OSHA copied Office most of Training of it below. and 36
37 Payment for PPE The employer is not required to pay for: Everyday clothing and weather-related gear Logging boots required by 29 CFR (d)(1)(v) Normal work boots The employer must pay for replacement PPE except when the employee has lost or intentionally damaged the PPE 37
38 Summary Employers must implement a PPE program where they: Assess the workplace for hazards. Use engineering and work practice controls to eliminate or reduce hazards before using PPE. Select and provide appropriate PPE at no cost* to employees to protect them from hazards that cannot be eliminated. Inform employees why the PPE is necessary and when it must be worn. Train employees how to use and care for their PPE and how to recognize deterioration and failure. Require employees to wear selected PPE in the workplace. 38
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