1 Collections Disaster Response Plan Camden-Carroll Library Morehead State University Revised December 2009
2 At a Glance This manual is a guide for collections disaster response, and is in no way intended for use in daily operations. Isolated incidents relating to mold, moisture, or other minor disaster should be referred to the Head of Special Collections. For instructions regarding how to respond to emergencies that effect the Library building or people, please consult the MSU Emergency Procedures Handbook. (One at each service location.) Call order for reporting a disaster/emergency: In case of fire, life threatening or natural disasters call 911 first. Then call Elsie Pritchard Home: (606) Cell: (606)
3 Camden-Carroll Library Disaster Recovery Plan Disaster Response Teams Disaster Team Leader: Dean of Library Services Responsible for overall management of salvage operation. Coordinates with administrative and community departments. Manages all budget and insurance issues regarding recovery process, including but not limited to wages, supplies, services, and transportation. Assigns key personnel to appropriate teams. Works with Disaster Teams Coordinator regarding disaster preparedness. Disaster Teams Coordinator: Head of Special Collections In charge of initial triage after disaster and documenting damage. Responsible for assembling team members and assigning tasks. Sets priorities for recovery. Provides any necessary training to staff and recovery crews. Communicates with the Dean of Library Services during disaster recovery. Secures materials and equipment for recovery projects. Manages preparedness plans, equipment and drills as necessary. Works with Disaster Team Leader regarding disaster preparedness tasks. Disaster Team Leaders Stacks Maintenance Supervisor Stacks Maintenance Manager-Main Collection Stacks Maintenance Manager-Periodicals & Music Supervisor of LRC Head of Special Collections & Archives Responsible for recovery work of collection as prioritized with Disaster Teams Coordinator.
4 Departmental Emergency Equipment First aid kits Flashlights Locations of Recovery Equipment On Site Book carts (Technical Services, Public Services, LRC) Dehumidifiers Notebooks Pencils Wet-dry vacuum Facilities Management Buckets Mops Towels Cleaning Supplies Wet-dry vacuum Items to be purchased Freezer or wax paper Newsprint Monofilament, nylon Methyl alcohol Dry ice Cheesecloth Milk crates Garbage cans with lids Rescube Disposable Cameras for documenting disaster Key Contacts Emergency and Recovery Neither Camden-Carroll Library nor Morehead State University have any contracts for service with any of the following businesses or vendors. They are to be consulted for possible service at the time of disaster. Local Aramark (606) Freezer Local Kroger (606) Freezer, crates Local Save-a-Lot (606) Freezer, crates Local Food Lion (606) Freezer, crates Local Lowes (606) Supplies Local WalMart (606) Supplies
5 Firms/Agencies Available for Consultation/Recovery Work Regional Lyrasis 1438 West Peachtree Street, NW Suite 200 Atlanta, GA Regional KDLA 300 Coffee Tree Road Frankfort, Kentucky Regional Becky Ryder University of Kentucky Libraries North wing, 1st floor, Young Library Regional ARC Safety & Environmental 116 Collision Center Drive Suite A Frankfort KY National BMS-Cat 303 Arthur Street Fort Worth, Texas National National National National National National National Munters Moisture Control Services PO Box Monroe Street Amesbury MA American Institute for the Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works (AIC) th Street, NW, Ste. 340 Washington, DC Conservation Center for Art and Historic Artifacts (CCAHA) 264 South 23rd Street Philadelphia, PA M 3M Center St. Paul, MN Eastman Kodak 343 State Street Rochester, NY National Center for Film and Video Preservation 2021 N. Western Avenue Los Angeles, CA Vidipax, Inc. 920 Broadway, 16th floor New York, NY (800) (404) (502) (800) (859) , ext Consultation Consultation Consultation (859) (502) Mold Abatement Environmental Cleaning (800) Fire and Smoke Recovery Vacuum Freeze Drying Mold Remediation Drying & Dehumidifying (800) (978) Fire and Smoke Recovery Vacuum Freeze Drying Mold Remediation Drying & Dehumidifying (202) Consultation (215) Consultation (612) Film Consultation (800) Advice for Kodak film and microfilm (213) Film Consultation (212) Videotape conservation
6 Treatment of Library Materials
7 MOLD OUTBREAK When an active mold outbreak is noticed on materials, whether it be one book or many, one should contact the Special Collections Librarian immediately. Do not handle the item if possible, as mold spores can escape into the air and spread. The Special Collections Librarian will treat the infected materials, and determine if the mold is an isolated case, which will be treated onsite, or if there is a larger outbreak requiring a different treatment method. All incidents of mold will be reported to the Dean of Library Services. If a larger outbreak is determined, the Dean of Library Services and the Special Collections Librarian will work with the appropriate University staff to stabilize the environment and clean up the mold. Staff and students working in the affected areas who are sensitive to mold will be relocated to a different department until the outbreak is cleaned. To further protect staff and students from mold, masks (N-95 rating) and gloves will be provided to anyone who handles books for the duration of the clean-up process. In house cleaning of moldy books in isolated cases will be performed by Special Collections staff only.
8 RECOVERY PROCEDURES FOR DAMP BOOKS AND MINOR EMERGENCIES DAMP BOOKS are defined as books that are not dripping water. They can be wet around the edges or wet half-way through or just cool to the touch. These materials can be AIR DRIED. Contact Head of Special Collections, who will then implement the following procedure: CAUTION: 1. All air drying MUST take place in a cool, dry place. Warm humid air encourages mold and mildew growth which can be more damaging than the original emergency. Try to keep the temperature below 70 Fahrenheit and the relative humidity below 55%. Use fans and dehumidifiers if needed. Keep the air circulating. 2. Keep the drying area clean by removing wet debris such as wet carpeting and furniture as soon as possible because they contribute to a humid environment. 3. Never try to reshape or force damp volumes open as this will cause harmful distortion. They can be treated AFTER drying. 4. Sponge off mud and debris using clean water but ONLY if material does not have water soluble components such as watercolors, runny inks, tempera and dyes. Instead, air dry materials and brush off debris when completely dry. 5. Minimize handling of water damaged books. Paper and bindings are very fragile when wet. PROCEDURES: If books can be dried in immediate area, see #8 and #9 below for air drying instructions. If books must be packed up and moved to drying area: 1. Keep a written record of what volumes are in which box (by floor and call number) and remember to clearly label each box. 2. Use 200 test lb. cardboard boxes to pack-out and transfer damp books to the drying area. A one cubic foot box will hold about 15 volumes and weighs about 50 pounds when loaded. 3. Wrap each book in one piece of unprinted newsprint; this will prevent colors bleeding into one another. Precut sizes to save time. 4. Pack books SPINE SIDE DOWN IN A SINGLE ROW ON THE BOTTOM OF THE BOX. THIS ARRANGEMENT IS VERY IMPORTANT! DO NOT STACK BOOKS OR OTHER MATERIALS ON TOP. WATER DAMAGED MATERIALS WILL SAG AND DISTORT ESPECIALLY UNDER PRESSURE, CAUSING PERMANENT DEFORMITIES. 5. Seal box with packing tape and label contents with marker on all four sides as well as the top.
9 6. Stack boxes (heaviest on the bottom, lightest on the top) on a shipping pallet. Shrink wrap entire pallet. Try to wrap same classification materials together. 7. Keep a record of what books are drying where. 8. Stand books upright (head to toe) in well ventilated drying area with fans or air conditioners to keep the air circulating. A book is completely dry when it is no longer cool to the touch. 9. While air drying, in the manner described above, the pages of some books may start to pull out of their covers under the extra water weight. Turn these books over (head to toe, toe to head) every 30 minutes to evenly distribute the pull. 10. Especially damp books can be interleaved to remove additional excess moisture. Place unprinted, clean flat paper towels every 20 or 30 pages; be sure to change toweling and alternate pages every 15 minutes to prevent distortion. DO NOT USE FOLDED TOWELS AS THEY WILL PERMANENTLY DISTORT PAPER. 11. Some books will dry distorted and misshapen. This can be greatly reduced AFTER completely drying by placing volumes under light pressure or, in extreme cases, rebinding.
10 RECOVERY PROCEDURES FOR WET BOOKS AND PAPER WET BOOKS (as opposed to DAMP BOOKS) are defined as books that are dripping water. They are extremely fragile and must be handled carefully as pages can easily fall out and covers can separate from the text block. WET BOOKS should be vacuum freeze dried by a professional in the case of a major emergency (see Appendix C, "Vacuum Freeze Drying Services"). Vacuum freeze drying dries the material with the least distortion as the water goes directly from the liquid to gaseous state (vapor) without passing through the solid state, i.e., ice never forms. Meat freezers and household freezers do allow ice to form and consequently are not adequate. Contact Head of Special Collections, who will then implement the following procedure: Control the environment. Warm humid air encourages mold and mildew growth which can be more damaging than the original emergency. Try to keep the temperature below 70 Fahrenheit and the relative humidity below 55%. Use fans and dehumidifiers if needed. Keep the air circulating. 1. Before starting any packout procedures, know what the damaged materials are. Specifically, glossy paper (like magazine paper, art books, etc.) is not salvageable after 5-6 hours in water as the inks run and the pages become irrevocably stuck together. Move on immediately to concentrate on salvageable material. Leather and vellum bindings are extremely fragile and should be rescued early or not at all. 2. NEVER try to reshape or force wet books open as this will cause harmful distortion or further mechanical damage. Do not remove damaged covers; books can be rebound or treated AFTER they are dry. 3. Sponge off mud and debris with clean water but ONLY if the material does not have any water soluble components such as watercolors, runny inks, tempera or dyes. Such material should be freeze dried and cleaned when dry. 4. DO NOT OVER PACK BOXES! o The box will be too heavy to move. o The freezing process works well only if it is slow and uniform. o Over packed boxes will prevent books on the inside from drying at the same rate as those near the outside. o Books must have room to swell during freezing. 5. Minimize handling of wet books. Paper and bindings are very fragile when wet. PROCEDURES: 1. Keep a written record of what volumes are in which box (by floor and call number) and remember to clearly label each box. 2. Use 200 test lb. cardboard boxes to packout and ship books to the freezer. A one cubic foot box will hold about 15 volumes and weighs about 50 pounds when loaded with water-logged books.
11 3. Wrap each book in one piece of unprinted newsprint; this will prevent colors from bleeding into one another and books from freezing together. Precut sizes to save time. 4. Pack books SPINE SIDE DOWN IN A SINGLE ROW ON THE BOTTOM OF THE BOX. THIS ARRANGEMENT IS VERY IMPORTANT! DO NOT STACK BOOKS OR OTHER MATERIALS ON TOP. WATER DAMAGED MATERIALS WILL SAG AND DISTORT EXPECIALLY UNDER PRESSURE, CAUSING PERMANENT DEFORMITIES. 5. Seal box with packing tape and label contents with a marker on all four sides as well as the top. 6. Stack boxes (heaviest on the bottom, lightest on the top) on a shipping pallet. Shrink wrap entire pallet. Try to wrap same classification materials together. Ship books to vacuum freeze dry facility in refrigerated or freezer trucks to prevent
12 RECOVERY PROCEDURES FOR PHOTOGRAPHIC PRINTS Most photographs can be saved from water and smoke damage but not fire damage as the emulsion layer will melt from the heat. The following salvage procedures apply to photographic prints only (film and microfilm addressed elsewhere). Contact Head of Special Collections, who will then implement the following procedure: CAUTION: 1. DRY PHOTOGRAPHS SHOULD ALWAYS BE HANDLED WITH WHITE COTTON GLOVES TO PREVENT FINGERPRINTS 2. When handling photographs, always do so at the edge as the emulsion layer will suffer damage easily. 3. If you must freeze, use a blast freezer which will freeze quickly forming small crystals. Small crystals will cause less damage than large crystals in the drying process. 4. Only freeze photographs if they can be professionally dried as ice crystals may rupture the emulsion layer leaving marks on the film. MINOR EMERGENCIES If a small number of photographs are water damaged, they can be treated in-house; if the situation is more serious, like severe smoke damage or staining, consult a professional photo conservator. PROCEDURES: 1. Retain all bibliographic information. 2. Try to separate photographs from one another ONLY if the emulsion layers (image side) are not sticking to each other. 3. If a damaged photograph is in a frame, attempt to remove it only if the emulsion layer is not stuck to the glass; if so, leave the photograph in place and contact a professional photograph conservator. 4. Rinse muddy photographs in COLD CLEAN RUNNING water. Because items must remain wet prior to air drying or blast freezing, some damaged items may need short term immersion in cold, clean, running water contained in trays, or large plastic (inert) garbage containers. Agitate the water periodically and remove to dry after 30 minutes. If necessary, most non-color photographic processes can withstand immersion in water for up to 72 hours without serious damage. Color photographs can only be immersed in water up to 48 hours before the colors start to separate. 5. Remove photograph from the clean water and place it image side up on a rigid support like plexiglass, glass, or stiff cardboard. 6. Tilt the photograph (on the support) to allow excess water to run off.
13 7. While the best drying technique for photographs is to spread the photographs out face up on clean blotting paper or paper towels to air dry in a clean dry area, there may not be enough space for this. For paper-backed photographic prints, run thin cotton rope across drying area and use plastic clothespins to hand the prints for drying. 8. Some photographs will curl when drying. Consult a photograph conservator to flatten them after they are dry. MAJOR EMERGENCIES Contact Head of Special Collections, who will then implement the following procedure: Black and White Prints PROCEDURES: 1. Contact a professional photographic reprocessing plant ASAP for cleaning and drying prints. 2. Retain all bibliographic information and labeling. 3. Try to separate photographs from one another ONLY if their emulsion layers (image side) are not sticking to each other. 4. If a damaged photograph is in a frame, attempt to remove it only if the emulsion layer is not stuck to the glass. Otherwise, leave the photograph in place and contact a professional photo conservator. 5. Rinse muddy photographs in COLD CLEAN RUNNING water. Because items must remain wet prior to air drying or blast freezing, some damaged items may need short term immersion in cold, clean, running water contained in trays, or large plastic (inert) garbage containers. Agitate the water periodically and remove to dry after 30 minutes. If necessary, most non-color photographic processes can withstand immersion for up to 72 hours without serious damage. 6. Remove photograph from the clean water and place it image side up on a rigid support like plexiglass, glass, or stiff cardboard. 7. Tilt the photograph (on the support) to allow excess water to run off. 8. While the best drying technique for photographs is to spread the photographs out face up on clean blotting paper or paper towels to air dry in a clean dry area, there may not be enough space for this. For paper-backed photographic prints, run thin cotton rope across drying area and use plastic clothespins to hang the prints for drying. 9. Some photographs will curl when drying. Consult a photograph conservator to flatten them after they are dry. Color Prints PROCEDURES: 1. Contact a professional photographic reprocessing plant ASAP for cleaning and drying prints. It may be necessary to make arrangements for blast freezing with professional reprocessors.
14 2. Retain all bibliographic information and labeling. 3. Try to separate photographs from one another ONLY if their image sides are not sticking to each other. 4. If a damaged photograph is in a frame, attempt to remove it. If the print is stuck to the glass frame, do not remove it. Leave the photograph in place and contact a professional photograph conservator 5. Rinse muddy photographs in COLD CLEAN RUNNING water. Because items must remain wet prior to air drying or blast freezing, some damaged items may need short term immersion in cold, clean, running water contained in trays, or large plastic (inert) garbage containers. Agitate the water periodically and remove to dry after 20 minutes. If necessary, color prints can remain immersed in water for 48 hours before the colors start to separate. 6. Remove photograph from the clean water and place it image side up on a rigid support like plexiglass, glass, or stiff cardboard. 7. Tilt the photograph (on the support) to allow excess water to run off. 8. While the best drying technique for photographs is to spread the photographs out face up on clean blotting paper or paper towels to air dry in a clean dry area, there may not be enough space for this. For paper-backed photographic prints, run thin cotton rope across drying area and use plastic clothespins to hand the prints for drying.
15 RECOVERY PROCEDURES FOR PHOTOGRAPHIC FILMS PHOTOGRAPHIC FILMS include all types of processed films such as microfilm, microfiche, photographic film, slides and movie reel film. In most cases of fire, the extreme heat of the flames will melt the microforms beyond repair. Smoke and water damaged materials, however, can be salvaged. For major and minor emergencies, follow the instructions below. In extreme cases, the instructions below will stabilize the material until professional help is available. Microfilm and movie reel film are very difficult to handle and are best handled by a photographic film reprocessing company. Contact Head of Special Collections, who will then implement the following procedure: CAUTION: 1. Never let water-damaged photographic materials dry out. 2. Handle wet photographic films very carefully, touching only the edge of the film. When wet, the emulsion layer of photographic films soften and are very fragile and can be easily damaged. 3. Handle dry photographic films with white cotton gloves. PROCEDURES: 1. Remove microfilm and roll film from their containers and their reels. Remove format films from their sleeves. If film cannot be separated from sleeves, enclosures, or each other, soak them as instructed below before trying to separate them. If possible, try to retain labeling/cataloguing information for identification purposes later. 2. Transfer the film into large PLASTIC (inert) garbage containers filled with COLD CLEAN water, preferably running water. If running water is not available, agitate water periodically. Change the water when it becomes warm or dirty. Wash for 30 minutes. If necessary, photographic films can stay in water for up to TWO DAYS without damage. 3. Kodak made microfilm can often be replaced free of charge. Consult with Kodak regarding treatment options. 4. Black and white films should be dipped, or rinsed in a wetting solution such as Kodak Photoflo. Color slides and transparencies should be rinsed for 10 to 15 seconds in Kodak E6 stabilizer. Color negatives should be rinsed for one minute in Kodak C41 stabilizer. 5. After rinsing, dry at room temperature in a dust-free area. 6. Or, contact a professional photographic film reprocessing company as soon as possible. MICROFORMS MUST BE SHIPED SUBMERGED IN WATER AND IN SEALED CONTAINERS USUALLY PROVIDED BY THE REPROCESSING COMPANY.
16 RECOVERY PROCEDURES FOR MAGNETIC TAPE MATERIALS In most cases, damaged items containing magnetic tape will simply be replaced. This pertains only to Special Collections & Archives or to unique items housed elsewhere in Camden-Carroll Library. MAGNETIC TAPE materials include audio and video cassettes. Most magnetic tape material is fairly heat resistant, able to withstand up to ONE HOUR in 200 Fahrenheit without severe damage. Prolonged exposure to water, however, is very damaging as it causes leaching of the chemicals that adhere the tape to the film base. It is possible but very difficult to clean a dirty, damaged tape and the quality will be severely sacrificed. Contact Head of Special Collections, who will then implement the following procedure: CAUTION: Never run damaged or wet tape on a regular tape drive. PROCEDURES FOR FIRE AND HEAT DAMAGED MAGNETIC TAPES: 1. Clean dirt, ash, and smoke residue from containers and wraparounds before opening the container. 2. The Head of Special Collections will then determine the extent of further salvage efforts. PROCEDURES FOR WATER-DAMAGED MAGNETIC TAPES: 1. Move all tapes out of standing water. 2. Check labels to be sure they are legible. Replace those that are not legible, or use a wax crayon to identify them. 3. Quickly open, check and drain any water that may have entered the tape canisters. 4. Wet tapes must be hand dried and stored for 48 hours in a stable environment before running or winding on a tape drive. 5. When dry, tapes should be run against a felt pad (without the tape contacting the heads) to remove dried particles. Re-record as soon as possible.
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Cleaning up spilled mercury in the home M ost mercury spilled in the home is from broken thermometers. Clean up spilled mercury as soon as possible so family members are not exposed to airborne mercury,
Preservation AdvisoryCentre Using collections NPO Preservation Guidance Preservation in Practice Series The Preservation Advisory Centre is supported by: The Pilgrim Trust The Marsh Christian Trust and
Spills -General Guidelines: If handled properly, a spill may be nothing more than a nuisance. If handled improperly, a spill can seriously disrupt your activities and the work of your colleagues. At worst,
CLARENCE REGIONAL LIBRARY SERVICE LOCAL STUDIES DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND RECOVERY PLAN Incorporating Disaster Response for all library services and collections Plan Owner: Clarence Regional Library Service
APPENDIX B. EPA s Investigating, Evaluating, and Remediating Moisture and Mold Problems (see EPA website for complete details) Table 1: Water Damage - Cleanup and Mold Prevention Table 1 presents strategies
mold & moisture Keeping your home free from mold and moisture problems INDOOR AIR UNIT Mold in Our Homes Mold is a type of fungus. Mold spores are found in both the indoor and outdoor air, but they will
Michigan Department of Community Health Steps for Cleaning Mold Before getting started, get to know MOLD: Mend There are many places you can find mold in your home. However, mold always needs a damp or
4 F loodwaters affect a home three ways: 1. The water damages materials. Wallboard will disintegrate if it remains wet too long; wood can swell, warp, or rot; electrical parts can short out, malfunction,
Document Reprocessors: Book & Document Recovery Experts The following provides an overview of the disaster recovery, salvage, restoration and reclamation services offered by Document Reprocessors. We invite
e-salvage Salvage of Electronic Equipment and Documents e-salvage Marilyn Murphy Like a Clockwurst Orange Pocket Protector More info: www.studioprotector.org TURN OFF UNPLUG REMOVE BATTERIES! The sooner
Hurricane Ivan 2004. Photos by Mike Craney. A Consumer Guide for the Recovery of Water-Damaged Traditional and Digital Prints Disasters caused by fire and water threaten the preservation of photographic
Don t Spread Lead A Do-It-Yourself Guide to Lead-Safe Painting, Repair, and Home Improvement Are you working on an older house? If you are working on a house built before 1978, read this booklet before
C O N S E R V A T I O N C E N T E R for Art and Historic Artifacts Disaster Recovery Salvaging Books Every cultural institution, most offices, and many private homes house collections of books. Many of
DOCUMENT AND DATA RECOVERY 00:00:00 00:01:00 00:02:00 00:03:00 00:04:00 Impact Emergency Aid 00:00:00 00:01:00 RESCUING YOUR MOST IMPORTANT ASSET - INFORMATION Getting you back in business faster Every
MOLD REMEDIATION KEY STEPS The EPA has developed the following guidelines for mold remediation managers. These guidelines are generally helpful, but we believe an expert in the industry should be consulted