Metabolic Disorders , The Patient Education Institute, Inc. idg90101 Last reviewed: 08/14/2014 1

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Metabolic Disorders , The Patient Education Institute, Inc. idg90101 Last reviewed: 08/14/2014 1"

Transcription

1 Metabolic Disorders Introduction Metabolism is the process your body uses to make energy from the food you eat. Your body can use this fuel right away, or it can store the energy in your body tissues, such as your liver, muscles and body fat. A metabolic disorder happens when abnormal chemical reactions in your body disrupt your metabolism. When this happens, you might have too much or too little of the substances that you need to stay healthy. This reference summary explains metabolic disorders. It talks about what metabolism is and the symptoms and causes of metabolic disorders. It also covers diagnosis and treatment of metabolic disorders. Metabolism Food is made up of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Chemicals in your digestive system called enzymes break the food down into its individual components, which are used for energy. This process is known as metabolism. Your body uses sugars and fats for fuel. The fuel can be used right away. It can also be stored in your body s tissues, such as your liver, muscles and body fat. Your metabolism may be affected by a change in the balance of hormones or enzymes in your body. You might have too much of some substances or too little of other ones that you need to stay healthy. When this happens, chemical processes do not happen normally. Metabolic disorders fall into different categories, depending on which specific substance is affected. A metabolic disorder may happen if a substance builds up in harmful amounts because it cannot be broken down, or if the substance is too low or missing. Last reviewed: 08/14/2014 1

2 Symptoms and Causes Metabolic disorders may have many causes. Symptoms of metabolic disorders can depend on the cause. You can develop a metabolic disorder when some organs, such as your liver or pancreas: Become diseased. Do not work normally. Shut down. Organ problems may be caused by certain medical conditions, such as: Infections. Inflammation. Diseases such as hepatitis, diabetes or cirrhosis. High blood pressure. Liver Pancreas Hepatitis is a liver infection. It can cause jaundice and loss of appetite. If untreated, it can lead to inflammation and liver scarring. Diabetes is a disease in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar in the blood. Cirrhosis is the scarring of the liver. The scar tissue prevents the liver from working as it should, which can lead to life threatening complications. Organ problems may also be caused by lifestyle choices, including: Being overweight or obese. Drug and alcohol abuse. Eating a diet that is high in fat. When a metabolic disorder is caused by organ problems, symptoms may include: Blurry vision. Confusion, irritability or agitation. Fever. Loss of appetite and weight loss. Nausea. Poor wound healing. Tiredness and weakness. 2

3 More severe symptoms of organ problems may include: Abdominal pain, swelling or bloating. Frequent infections. Jaundice. Muscle loss. Vomiting or diarrhea. Jaundice is the yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes. Metabolic disorders can lead to malnutrition. Malnutrition happens when your body does not have the right balance of nutrients. Even the lack of one vitamin can lead to malnutrition. A person with malnutrition may have no symptoms. But sometimes malnutrition can be so severe that it causes permanent harm to a person s body. Symptoms of malnutrition can include: Dizziness or fainting. Dry or scaly skin. Fatigue. Hair loss. Poor wound healing. Weight loss. Some metabolic diseases are inherited. This means that they are caused by defective genes and passed down through family members. Inherited metabolic diseases include: Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency. Cystic fibrosis. Galactosemia. Glycogen storage disease. Hemochromatosis. Wilson's disease. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency leads to the damage of various organs in the body. Symptoms may include jaundice, fatigue, fluid in the abdomen, mental changes or gastrointestinal bleeding. 3

4 Cystic fibrosis is a disease that causes mucus in the body to become thick and sticky. This glue-like mucus builds up and causes problems in many of the body's organs. People who have cystic fibrosis can have serious breathing problems. They can also have problems with nutrition, digestion, growth and development. Galactosemia happens in newborn babies. It can result in damage to the liver, brain, kidneys and other organs. People with galactosemia cannot tolerate any amount of human or animal milk intake. Glycogen storage disease prevents the body from using and breaking down glycogen and carbohydrates normally. Hemochromatosis is the abnormally high absorption of iron by the intestinal tract. It causes too much iron to be stored in the liver, skin, pancreas, heart, joints and testes. Wilson s disease is a disorder in which too much copper builds up in the body. Diagnosis Your health care provider will perform a physical exam. He or she will ask you questions about your personal and family medical history. Blood tests can help your health care provider diagnose certain metabolic disorders. To diagnose specific conditions that affect different organs in the body, your health care provider may conduct: Blood tests. Imaging tests. A biopsy. Imaging tests include MRIs, CT-scans and ultrasounds. They allow health care providers to create detailed pictures of areas inside the body. A biopsy is the removal of cells or tissues for examination. The tissue may be studied under a microscope, or other tests may be done on the sample. Some inherited metabolic disorders can be diagnosed by routine screening tests done at birth. Others are identified only after a child or adult shows symptoms of a disorder. In some cases, children may have been misdiagnosed with cerebral palsy, autism or 4

5 other conditions whose symptoms can be similar to inherited metabolic disorders. These symptoms may include: Abnormal movements. An abnormally small head or brain. Birth defects. Developmental delays. Growth problems. Seizures. Treatment Because there are so many types of metabolic disorders, treatment recommendations may vary widely. Treatment may include: Dietary restrictions. Vitamins. Medicine. Surgery. If symptoms of a metabolic disorder are made worse by certain foods, your health care provider may recommend that you cut those foods out of your diet. If a metabolic disorder is caused by the lack of a certain substance, vitamins or medicine can replace the needed substance. Treatment for an inherited metabolic disorder depends on: The type and severity of the disorders. How much the disorder affects body or brain functions. Options for participating in a clinical trial. Certain inherited metabolic disorders may also increase risk of other conditions, such as heart, vision or hearing problems. If your health care provider thinks you are at risk of developing such problems, he or she may recommend regular heart, vision or hearing checkups. 5

6 For some inherited metabolic disorders, such as Tay-Sachs disease, there currently is no cure. Tay-Sachs disease is a rare and life threatening disease that affects the nervous system. It causes too much of a fatty substance to build up in the brain. In these cases, treatment includes supportive care for children and their families. Summary Metabolism is the process your body uses to make energy from the food you eat. Your body can use this fuel right away, or it can store the energy in your body tissues, such as your liver, muscles and body fat. A metabolic disorder happens when abnormal chemical reactions in your body disrupt your metabolism. Metabolic disorders fall into different categories, depending on which specific substance is affected. A metabolic disorder may happen if a substance builds up in harmful amounts because it cannot be broken down, or if the substance is too low or missing. Metabolic disorders may have many causes. Symptoms of metabolic disorders can depend on the cause. Some metabolic diseases are inherited. This means that they are caused by defective genes and passed down through family members. Because there are so many types of metabolic disorders, treatment recommendations may vary widely. Treatment may include: Dietary restrictions. Vitamins. Medicine. Surgery. Treatment for a metabolic disorder depends on: The type and severity of the disorders. How much the disorder affects body or brain functions. Options for participating in a clinical trial. 6

1 ALPHA-1. The Liver and Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1) FOUNDATION FOUNDATION. A patient s guide to Alpha-1 liver disease

1 ALPHA-1. The Liver and Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1) FOUNDATION FOUNDATION. A patient s guide to Alpha-1 liver disease The Liver and Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1) 1 ALPHA-1 FOUNDATION The Alpha-1 Foundation is committed to finding a cure for Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency and to improving the lives of people

More information

The Liver and Alpha-1. Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1) 1 ALPHA-1 FOUNDATION

The Liver and Alpha-1. Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1) 1 ALPHA-1 FOUNDATION The Liver and Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1) 1 ALPHA-1 FOUNDATION What Is Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency? Alpha-1 is a condition that may result in serious lung disease in adults and/or liver

More information

Bile Duct Diseases and Problems

Bile Duct Diseases and Problems Bile Duct Diseases and Problems Introduction A bile duct is a tube that carries bile between the liver and gallbladder and the intestine. Bile is a substance made by the liver that helps with digestion.

More information

Gallbladder Diseases and Problems

Gallbladder Diseases and Problems Gallbladder Diseases and Problems Introduction Your gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ under your liver. It stores bile, a fluid made by your liver to digest fat. There are many diseases and problems that

More information

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. Diabetes Definition Diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. Causes Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused

More information

Problems of the Digestive System

Problems of the Digestive System The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists f AQ FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FAQ120 WOMEN S HEALTH Problems of the Digestive System What are some common digestive problems? What is constipation?

More information

X-Plain Hypoglycemia Reference Summary

X-Plain Hypoglycemia Reference Summary X-Plain Hypoglycemia Reference Summary Introduction Hypoglycemia is a condition that causes blood sugar level to drop dangerously low. It mostly shows up in diabetic patients who take insulin. When recognized

More information

Presenting the SUTENT Patient Call Center.

Presenting the SUTENT Patient Call Center. Presenting the SUTENT Patient Call Center. Please see patient Medication Guide and full prescribing information attached. We re here to support you. Dealing with cancer is a journey. Along the way, you

More information

Crohn s Disease. are at decreased risk for developing Crohn s disease. Crohn s disease may also be called ileitis or enteritis.

Crohn s Disease. are at decreased risk for developing Crohn s disease. Crohn s disease may also be called ileitis or enteritis. Crohn s Disease What is Crohn s disease? Crohn s disease is an ongoing disorder that causes inflammation of the digestive tract, also referred to as the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Crohn s disease can

More information

Liver Function Essay

Liver Function Essay Liver Function Essay Name: Quindoline Ntui Date: April 20, 2009 Professor: Dr. Danil Hammoudi Class: Anatomy and Physiology 2 Liver function The human body consist of many highly organize part working

More information

Hepatitis C treatment What to expect.

Hepatitis C treatment What to expect. Hepatitis C treatment What to expect. Anne Glass Hepatitis Clinical Nurse Consultant Liver Clinic SSWAHS Bankstown and Liverpool Hospital Contact 87384074 Monday -Friday What s hepatitis? Hepatitis means

More information

Shared Decision Making

Shared Decision Making Deciding what to do about gallstones This short decision aid is to help you decide what treatment to choose if you have gallstones. This document is a summary of the online patient decision aid which has

More information

QUESTIONS TO ASK MY DOCTOR

QUESTIONS TO ASK MY DOCTOR Be a part of the treatment decision by asking questions QUESTIONS TO ASK MY DOCTOR FOR PATIENTS WITH ADVANCED STOMACH OR GASTROESOPHAGEAL JUNCTION (GEJ) CANCER CYRAMZA (ramucirumab) is used alone or in

More information

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Causes, incidence, and risk factors Causes, incidence, and risk factors Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. To understand diabetes,

More information

Organic Acid Disorders

Organic Acid Disorders Genetic Fact Sheets for Parents Organic Acid Disorders Screening, Technology, and Research in Genetics is a multi-state project to improve information about the financial, ethical, legal, and social issues

More information

PowerPoint Lecture Outlines prepared by Dr. Lana Zinger, QCC CUNY. 12a. FOCUS ON Your Risk for Diabetes. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

PowerPoint Lecture Outlines prepared by Dr. Lana Zinger, QCC CUNY. 12a. FOCUS ON Your Risk for Diabetes. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint Lecture Outlines prepared by Dr. Lana Zinger, QCC CUNY 12a FOCUS ON Your Risk for Diabetes Your Risk for Diabetes! Since 1980,Diabetes has increased by 50 %. Diabetes has increased by 70 percent

More information

MEDICATION GUIDE ACTOPLUS MET (ak-tō-plus-met) (pioglitazone hydrochloride and metformin hydrochloride) tablets

MEDICATION GUIDE ACTOPLUS MET (ak-tō-plus-met) (pioglitazone hydrochloride and metformin hydrochloride) tablets MEDICATION GUIDE (ak-tō-plus-met) (pioglitazone hydrochloride and metformin hydrochloride) tablets Read this Medication Guide carefully before you start taking and each time you get a refill. There may

More information

Liver Disease & Hepatitis Program Providers: Brian McMahon, MD, Steve Livingston, MD, Lisa Townshend, ANP. Primary Care Provider:

Liver Disease & Hepatitis Program Providers: Brian McMahon, MD, Steve Livingston, MD, Lisa Townshend, ANP. Primary Care Provider: Liver Disease & Hepatitis Program Providers: Brian McMahon, MD, Steve Livingston, MD, Lisa Townshend, ANP Primary Care Provider: If you are considering hepatitis C treatment, please read this treatment

More information

Streptococcal Infections

Streptococcal Infections Streptococcal Infections Introduction Streptococcal, or strep, infections cause a variety of health problems. These infections can cause a mild skin infection or sore throat. But they can also cause severe,

More information

Cystic Fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis affects various systems in children and young adults, including the following:

Cystic Fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis affects various systems in children and young adults, including the following: Cystic Fibrosis What is cystic fibrosis? Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disease characterized by an abnormality in the glands that produce sweat and mucus. It is chronic, progressive, and is usually

More information

What Alcohol Does to the Body. Chapter 25 Lesson 2

What Alcohol Does to the Body. Chapter 25 Lesson 2 What Alcohol Does to the Body Chapter 25 Lesson 2 Short-Term Effects of Drinking The short-term term effects of alcohol on the body depend on several factors including: amount of alcohol consumed, gender,

More information

Jaundice. 1995-2015, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. syf80102 Last reviewed: 07/20/2015 1

Jaundice. 1995-2015, The Patient Education Institute, Inc.  syf80102 Last reviewed: 07/20/2015 1 Jaundice Introduction Jaundice causes your skin and the whites of your eyes to turn yellow. Too much bilirubin causes jaundice. Bilirubin is a yellow chemical in hemoglobin, the substance that carries

More information

DIABETES MELLITUS CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

DIABETES MELLITUS CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders that affects various organs and tissues. It is characterized by increased levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia). It is a serious

More information

Multiple Myeloma. This reference summary will help you understand multiple myeloma and its treatment options.

Multiple Myeloma. This reference summary will help you understand multiple myeloma and its treatment options. Multiple Myeloma Introduction Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that affects white blood cells. Each year, thousands of people find out that they have multiple myeloma. This reference summary will help

More information

Statistics of Type 2 Diabetes

Statistics of Type 2 Diabetes Statistics of Type 2 Diabetes Of the 17 million Americans with diabetes, 90 percent to 95 percent have type 2 diabetes. Of these, half are unaware they have the disease. People with type 2 diabetes often

More information

Cirrhosis. An information guide

Cirrhosis. An information guide TO PROVIDE THE VERY BEST CARE FOR EACH PATIENT ON EVERY OCCASION Cirrhosis An information guide Cirrhosis What is cirrhosis? Cirrhosis is the result of long term, continuous damage to the liver and may

More information

Alcohol and the Liver

Alcohol and the Liver The facts about... Alcohol and the Liver Five key things you need to know This is a part of your body that regularly works overtime. The liver is our largest organ and it has 500 different roles. One of

More information

Liver Cancer What is the liver? What is liver cancer?

Liver Cancer What is the liver? What is liver cancer? Liver Cancer What is the liver? The liver is the largest internal organ in the body and is important in digesting food. The liver performs many other functions, including collecting and filtering blood

More information

CANCER OF THE LIVER HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA

CANCER OF THE LIVER HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA CANCER OF THE LIVER HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA WHAT IS CANCER OF THE LIVER? Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common form and it comes from the main type of liver cell, the hepatocyte. About 3 out 4

More information

Your newborn baby s blood test

Your newborn baby s blood test Newborn Screening Free health checks for your baby Your newborn baby s blood test The Newborn Metabolic Screening Programme All babies are checked at birth to see that all is well. Some of your baby s

More information

Wilson Disease. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse

Wilson Disease. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse Wilson Disease National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse U.S. Department of Health and Human Services NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH What is Wilson disease? Wilson disease is a genetic disorder

More information

Alcoholic liver disease

Alcoholic liver disease Alcoholic liver disease Introduction Harmful drinking Harmful drinking means drinking alcohol at levels that lead to significant harm to physical and mental health, and that may cause harm to others. Women

More information

Treating Chronic Hepatitis C. A Review of the Research for Adults

Treating Chronic Hepatitis C. A Review of the Research for Adults Treating Chronic Hepatitis C A Review of the Research for Adults Is This Information Right for Me? Yes, this information is right for you if: Your doctor* has told you that you have chronic hepatitis C.

More information

PATIENT CONSENT TO PROCEDURE - ROUX-EN-Y GASTRIC BYPASS

PATIENT CONSENT TO PROCEDURE - ROUX-EN-Y GASTRIC BYPASS As a patient you must be adequately informed about your condition and the recommended surgical procedure. Please read this document carefully and ask about anything you do not understand. Please initial

More information

GASTRIC BYPASS SURGERY CONSENT FORM

GASTRIC BYPASS SURGERY CONSENT FORM Page 1 of 6 I, have been asked to read carefully all of the (name of patient or substitute decision-maker) information contained in this consent form and to consent to the procedure described below on

More information

Pancreatic Cancer Understanding your diagnosis

Pancreatic Cancer Understanding your diagnosis Pancreatic Cancer Understanding your diagnosis Let s Make Cancer History 1 888 939-3333 cancer.ca Pancreatic Cancer Understanding your diagnosis When you first hear that you have cancer you may feel alone

More information

Crohn s Disease. What I need to know about. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Crohn s Disease. What I need to know about. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services What I need to know about Crohn s Disease NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse U.S. Department of Health and Human Services What I need to know about Crohn

More information

Liver Cancer And Tumours

Liver Cancer And Tumours Liver Cancer And Tumours What causes liver cancer? Many factors may play a role in the development of cancer. Because the liver filters blood from all parts of the body, cancer cells from elsewhere can

More information

understanding CIRRHOSIS of the liver A patient s guide from your doctor and

understanding CIRRHOSIS of the liver A patient s guide from your doctor and understanding CIRRHOSIS of the liver A patient s guide from your doctor and Cirrhosis Basics The liver is one of the most important organs in your body and weighs about 3 pounds. It sits in the upper right

More information

Other Noninfectious Diseases. Chapter 31 Lesson 3

Other Noninfectious Diseases. Chapter 31 Lesson 3 Other Noninfectious Diseases Chapter 31 Lesson 3 Diabetes Diabetes- a chronic disease that affects the way body cells convert food into energy. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death by disease

More information

Understanding. Pancreatic Cancer

Understanding. Pancreatic Cancer Understanding Pancreatic Cancer Understanding Pancreatic Cancer The Pancreas The pancreas is an organ that is about 6 inches long. It s located deep in your belly between your stomach and backbone. Your

More information

Frequently Asked Questions: Ai-Detox

Frequently Asked Questions: Ai-Detox What is Ai-Detox? Frequently Asked Questions: Ai-Detox Ai-Detox is a Chinese herbal medicinal formula, produced using state of the art biotechnology, which ensures the utmost standards in quality and safety.

More information

The Family Library. Understanding Diabetes

The Family Library. Understanding Diabetes The Family Library Understanding Diabetes What is Diabetes? Diabetes is caused when the body has a problem in making or using insulin. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas and is needed for the

More information

Methamphetamine. Like heroin, meth is a drug that is illegal in some areas of the world. Meth is a highly addictive drug.

Methamphetamine. Like heroin, meth is a drug that is illegal in some areas of the world. Meth is a highly addictive drug. Methamphetamine Introduction Methamphetamine is a very addictive stimulant drug. People who use it can form a strong addiction. Addiction is when a drug user can t stop taking a drug, even when he or she

More information

1333 Plaza Blvd, Suite E, Central Point, OR 97502 * www.mountainviewvet.net

1333 Plaza Blvd, Suite E, Central Point, OR 97502 * www.mountainviewvet.net 1333 Plaza Blvd, Suite E, Central Point, OR 97502 * www.mountainviewvet.net Diabetes Mellitus (in cats) Diabetes, sugar Affected Animals: Most diabetic cats are older than 10 years of age when they are

More information

Genetic Mutations. Indicator 4.8: Compare the consequences of mutations in body cells with those in gametes.

Genetic Mutations. Indicator 4.8: Compare the consequences of mutations in body cells with those in gametes. Genetic Mutations Indicator 4.8: Compare the consequences of mutations in body cells with those in gametes. Agenda Warm UP: What is a mutation? Body cell? Gamete? Notes on Mutations Karyotype Web Activity

More information

Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis

Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis Summary Crohn s disease and ulcerative colitis are collectively known as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Crohn s disease can appear in any part of a person s digestive

More information

Consent for Treatment/Procedure Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy

Consent for Treatment/Procedure Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Patient's Name: Today's Date: / / The purpose of this document is to confirm, in the presence of witnesses, your informed request to have Surgery for obesity. You are asked to read the following document

More information

Learning about Hepatitis C and Chronic Kidney Disease

Learning about Hepatitis C and Chronic Kidney Disease Learning about Hepatitis C and Chronic Kidney Disease Hepatitis C and Chronic Kidney Disease If you have chronic kidney disease (CKD), you want to learn all you can about your disease and what you can

More information

LIVER CANCER AND TUMOURS

LIVER CANCER AND TUMOURS LIVER CANCER AND TUMOURS LIVER CANCER AND TUMOURS Healthy Liver Cirrhotic Liver Tumour What causes liver cancer? Many factors may play a role in the development of cancer. Because the liver filters blood

More information

Department Of Biochemistry. Subject: Diabetes Mellitus. Supervisor: Dr.Hazim Allawi & Dr.Omar Akram Prepared by : Shahad Ismael. 2 nd stage.

Department Of Biochemistry. Subject: Diabetes Mellitus. Supervisor: Dr.Hazim Allawi & Dr.Omar Akram Prepared by : Shahad Ismael. 2 nd stage. Department Of Biochemistry Subject: Diabetes Mellitus Supervisor: Dr.Hazim Allawi & Dr.Omar Akram Prepared by : Shahad Ismael. 2 nd stage. Diabetes mellitus : Type 1 & Type 2 What is diabestes mellitus?

More information

Adams Memorial Hospital Decatur, Indiana EXPLANATION OF LABORATORY TESTS

Adams Memorial Hospital Decatur, Indiana EXPLANATION OF LABORATORY TESTS Adams Memorial Hospital Decatur, Indiana EXPLANATION OF LABORATORY TESTS Your health is important to us! The test descriptions listed below are for educational purposes only. Laboratory test interpretation

More information

ELEMENTS FOR A PUBLIC SUMMARY. Overview of disease epidemiology. Summary of treatment benefits

ELEMENTS FOR A PUBLIC SUMMARY. Overview of disease epidemiology. Summary of treatment benefits VI: 2 ELEMENTS FOR A PUBLIC SUMMARY Bicalutamide (CASODEX 1 ) is a hormonal therapy anticancer agent, used for the treatment of prostate cancer. Hormones are chemical messengers that help to control the

More information

Liver, Gallbladder, Exocrine Pancreas KNH 406

Liver, Gallbladder, Exocrine Pancreas KNH 406 Liver, Gallbladder, Exocrine Pancreas KNH 406 2007 Thomson - Wadsworth LIVER Anatomy - functions With disease blood flow becomes obstructed Bile All bile drains into common hepatic duct Liver Bile complex

More information

Hepatitis C. What I need to know about. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH

Hepatitis C. What I need to know about. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH What I need to know about Hepatitis C U.S. Department of Health and Human Services NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse What I need to know about Hepatitis

More information

FAILURE TO THRIVE What Is Failure to Thrive?

FAILURE TO THRIVE What Is Failure to Thrive? FAILURE TO THRIVE The first few years of life are a time when most children gain weight and grow much more rapidly than they will later on. Sometimes, however, babies and children don't meet expected standards

More information

GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate) A Key to Understanding How Well Your Kidneys Are Working

GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate) A Key to Understanding How Well Your Kidneys Are Working GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate) A Key to Understanding How Well Your Kidneys Are Working www.kidney.org National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative Did you know that the National

More information

Autoimmune Hepatitis

Autoimmune Hepatitis Autoimmune Hepatitis National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse U.S. Department of Health and Human Services NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH What is autoimmune hepatitis? Autoimmune hepatitis

More information

Premature Infant Care

Premature Infant Care Premature Infant Care Introduction A premature baby is born before the 37th week of pregnancy. Premature babies are also called preemies. Premature babies may have health problems because their organs

More information

CROHN S DISEASE CONTENT CREATED BY Learn more at www.ah.health.harvard.edu/crohns BROUGHT TO YOU BY TALK WITH YOUR DOCTOR Table of Contents Whether this is your first visit or a follow-up, ask your doctor:

More information

Bone Marrow or Blood Stem Cell Transplants in Children With Certain Rare Inherited Metabolic Diseases *

Bone Marrow or Blood Stem Cell Transplants in Children With Certain Rare Inherited Metabolic Diseases * Bone Marrow or Blood Stem Cell Transplants in Children With Certain Rare Inherited Metabolic Diseases * A Review of the Research for Parents and Caregivers * Wolman Disease, Farber Disease, Niemann-Pick

More information

Type 2 diabetes Definition

Type 2 diabetes Definition Type 2 diabetes Definition Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Causes Diabetes

More information

Obesity Affects Quality of Life

Obesity Affects Quality of Life Obesity Obesity is a serious health epidemic. Obesity is a condition characterized by excessive body fat, genetic and environmental factors. Obesity increases the likelihood of certain diseases and other

More information

Pregnancy and Substance Abuse

Pregnancy and Substance Abuse Pregnancy and Substance Abuse Introduction When you are pregnant, you are not just "eating for two." You also breathe and drink for two, so it is important to carefully consider what you put into your

More information

Cerebral Palsy. In order to function, the brain needs a continuous supply of oxygen.

Cerebral Palsy. In order to function, the brain needs a continuous supply of oxygen. Cerebral Palsy Introduction Cerebral palsy, or CP, can cause serious neurological symptoms in children. Up to 5000 children in the United States are diagnosed with cerebral palsy every year. This reference

More information

What is the Sleeve Gastrectomy?

What is the Sleeve Gastrectomy? What is the Sleeve Gastrectomy? The Sleeve Gastrectomy (also referred to as the Gastric Sleeve, Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy, Partial Gastrectomy, or Tube Gastrectomy) is a relatively new procedure for

More information

Gastroschisis and My Baby

Gastroschisis and My Baby Patient and Family Education Gastroschisis and My Baby Gastroschisis is a condition where a baby is born with the intestine outside the body. Learning about the diagnosis What is gastroschisis? (pronounced

More information

Genetic Testing in Research & Healthcare

Genetic Testing in Research & Healthcare We Innovate Healthcare Genetic Testing in Research & Healthcare We Innovate Healthcare Genetic Testing in Research and Healthcare Human genetic testing is a growing science. It is used to study genes

More information

Medicines To Treat Alcohol Use Disorder A Review of the Research for Adults

Medicines To Treat Alcohol Use Disorder A Review of the Research for Adults Medicines To Treat Alcohol Use Disorder A Review of the Research for Adults Is This Information Right for Me? Yes, this information is right for you if: Your doctor* said you have alcohol use disorder

More information

ARTICLE #1 PLEASE RETURN AT THE END OF THE HOUR

ARTICLE #1 PLEASE RETURN AT THE END OF THE HOUR ARTICLE #1 PLEASE RETURN AT THE END OF THE HOUR Alcoholism By Mayo Clinic staff Original Article: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/alcoholism/ds00340 Definition Alcoholism is a chronic and often progressive

More information

This disorder affects all races and regions of the world equally. There are no known environmental risks for Turner syndrome.

This disorder affects all races and regions of the world equally. There are no known environmental risks for Turner syndrome. Turner Syndrome Introduction Turner syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects a girl's development. Girls who have it are short, and most are infertile. Girls and women with Turner syndrome are at risk

More information

SARCOIDOSIS. Signs and symptoms associated with specific organ involvement can include the following:

SARCOIDOSIS. Signs and symptoms associated with specific organ involvement can include the following: SARCOIDOSIS Sarcoidosis is a disease that occurs when areas of inflammation develop in different organs of the body. Very small clusters of inflammation, called granulomas, are seen with sarcoidosis. They

More information

Bulimia Nervosa. This reference summary explains bulimia. It covers symptoms and causes of the condition, as well as treatment options.

Bulimia Nervosa. This reference summary explains bulimia. It covers symptoms and causes of the condition, as well as treatment options. Bulimia Nervosa Introduction Bulimia nervosa, or bulimia, is an eating disorder. A person with bulimia eats a large amount of food in a short amount of time. To prevent weight gain, the person then purges.

More information

What you should. know

What you should. know H e p a t i t i s C What you should know Table of Contents Hepatitis C: a part of life for many people.......4 What is hepatitis C?.......................6 What does my liver do?....................8 How

More information

Viral Liver Disease. The Liver and Its Functions

Viral Liver Disease. The Liver and Its Functions Viral Liver Disease The Liver and Its Functions The liver, the body's largest organ weighing about three pounds, is located on the right side of the abdomen, protected by the lower rib cage. It is responsible

More information

HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES

HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES INTRODUCTION Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the United States, and diabetes is a disease that affects the way the body handles blood sugar. Approximately

More information

Understanding Diabetes

Understanding Diabetes Understanding Diabetes Diabetes is a disease in which a person s blood glucose (blood sugar) is too high. When you eat, some of the food is broken down into a type of sugar called glucose, which is the

More information

Alcoholic hepatitis describes liver inflammation caused by drinking alcohol.

Alcoholic hepatitis describes liver inflammation caused by drinking alcohol. visited on Page 1 of 9 Diseases and Conditions Alcoholic hepatitis By Mayo Clinic Staff Alcoholic hepatitis describes liver inflammation caused by drinking alcohol. Though alcoholic hepatitis is most likely

More information

Low Blood Pressure. This reference summary explains low blood pressure and how it can be prevented and controlled.

Low Blood Pressure. This reference summary explains low blood pressure and how it can be prevented and controlled. Low Blood Pressure Introduction Low blood pressure, or hypotension, is when your blood pressure reading is 90/60 or lower. Some people have low blood pressure all of the time. In other people, blood pressure

More information

A Parent s Guide to Understanding Congenital Hypothyroidism. Children s of Alabama Department of Pediatric Endocrinology

A Parent s Guide to Understanding Congenital Hypothyroidism. Children s of Alabama Department of Pediatric Endocrinology A Parent s Guide to Understanding Congenital Hypothyroidism Children s of Alabama Department of Pediatric Endocrinology How did you get here? Every baby born in the state of Alabama is required by law

More information

Is Insulin Effecting Your Weight Loss and Your Health?

Is Insulin Effecting Your Weight Loss and Your Health? Is Insulin Effecting Your Weight Loss and Your Health? Teressa Alexander, M.D., FACOG Women s Healthcare Associates www.rushcopley.com/whca 630-978-6886 Obesity is Epidemic in the US 2/3rds of U.S. adults

More information

Emory Eye Center New Patient Questionnaire

Emory Eye Center New Patient Questionnaire Patient Name: Date: Current Address: Current Phone: Date of Birth: Primary Care Physician: Referring Physician: (First & Last Name) (First & Last Name) Pharmacy Name: Phone #: ( ) Please answer all questions

More information

HEPATITIS C. The Facts. Get Tested. Get Cured! Health

HEPATITIS C. The Facts. Get Tested. Get Cured! Health HEPATITIS C The Facts Get Tested. Get Cured! Health EVEN IF YOU FEEL HEALTHY, HEPATITIS C MAY BE DAMAGING YOUR LIVER. Your liver keeps you healthy in many ways, such as by removing toxins from your blood

More information

95% of childhood kidney cancer cases are Wilms tumours. Childhood kidney cancer is extremely rare, with only 90 cases a year in

95% of childhood kidney cancer cases are Wilms tumours. Childhood kidney cancer is extremely rare, with only 90 cases a year in James Whale Fund for Kidney Cancer Childhood kidney cancer factsheet Kidney cancer rarely afflicts children and about 90 paediatric cases are diagnosed in the UK each year. About 75% of childhood kidney

More information

THE AYURVEDIC CENTER OF VERMONT, LLC Health Information and History

THE AYURVEDIC CENTER OF VERMONT, LLC Health Information and History THE AYURVEDIC CENTER OF VERMONT, LLC Health Information and History Name DOB Date Age Occupation Email Address Home address City State Zip Home phone Cell Phone Referred By Physician Physician Phone Please

More information

What Causes Cancer-related Fatigue?

What Causes Cancer-related Fatigue? What Causes Cancer-related Fatigue? The causes of cancer-related fatigue are not fully understood. It may be the cancer and/or the cancer treatment. Cancer and cancer treatment can change normal protein

More information

Skin cancer Patient information

Skin cancer Patient information Skin cancer Patient information What is cancer? The human body is made up of billions of cells. In healthy people, cells grow, divide and die. New cells constantly replace old ones in an orderly way. This

More information

Cerebral Palsy. 1995-2014, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com nr200105 Last reviewed: 06/17/2014 1

Cerebral Palsy. 1995-2014, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com nr200105 Last reviewed: 06/17/2014 1 Cerebral Palsy Introduction Cerebral palsy, or CP, can cause serious neurological symptoms in children. Thousands of children are diagnosed with cerebral palsy every year. This reference summary explains

More information

Weight-Loss Surgery for Adults With Diabetes or Prediabetes Who Are at the Lower Levels of Obesity

Weight-Loss Surgery for Adults With Diabetes or Prediabetes Who Are at the Lower Levels of Obesity Weight-Loss Surgery for Adults With Diabetes or Prediabetes Who Are at the Lower Levels of Obesity A Review of the Research for Adults With a BMI Between 30 and 35 Is This Information Right for Me? If

More information

Pancreatic Cancer Information for patients and their families

Pancreatic Cancer Information for patients and their families Pancreatic Cancer Information for patients and their families This handout answers common questions that are often asked by our patients and families. The information in this booklet is what we talked

More information

Educator s Guide to Sickle Cell Disease

Educator s Guide to Sickle Cell Disease Educator s Guide to Sickle Cell Disease Educator s Guide to Sickle Cell Disease Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder affecting about one out of every 350 African Americans. Most children

More information

Incisional, Ventral Hernia Repair

Incisional, Ventral Hernia Repair Incisional, Ventral Hernia Repair Introduction Hernias are common conditions that affect men and women of all ages. Your doctor may have recommended a hernia operation. The decision whether or not to have

More information

Diabetes Fundamentals

Diabetes Fundamentals Diabetes Fundamentals Prevalence of Diabetes in the U.S. Undiagnosed 10.7% of all people 20+ 23.1% of all people 60+ (12.2 million) Slide provided by Roche Diagnostics Sources: ADA, WHO statistics Prevalence

More information

Surgical Weight Loss. Mission Bariatrics

Surgical Weight Loss. Mission Bariatrics Surgical Weight Loss Mission Bariatrics Obesity is a major health problem in the United States, with more than one in every three people suffering from this chronic condition. Obese adults are at an increased

More information

LYMPHOMA IN DOGS. Diagnosis/Initial evaluation. Treatment and Prognosis

LYMPHOMA IN DOGS. Diagnosis/Initial evaluation. Treatment and Prognosis LYMPHOMA IN DOGS Lymphoma is a relatively common cancer in dogs. It is a cancer of lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) and lymphoid tissues. Lymphoid tissue is normally present in many places in the

More information

Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 What is it? Diabetes is a common health problem in the U.S. and the world. In diabetes, the body does not use the food it digests well. It is hard for the body to use carbohydrates

More information

BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT HIV, HEPATITIS B and C, and TUBERCULOSIS Adapted from the CDC

BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT HIV, HEPATITIS B and C, and TUBERCULOSIS Adapted from the CDC BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT HIV, HEPATITIS B and C, and TUBERCULOSIS Adapted from the CDC HIV What are HIV and AIDS? HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV is

More information

The Anorexic Cat For this reason, any cat that stops eating for any reason is considered an emergency situation.

The Anorexic Cat For this reason, any cat that stops eating for any reason is considered an emergency situation. The Anorexic Cat Introduction Any cat that stops eating (anorexic) or begins to eat much less than their normal amount should be seen by a veterinarian right away. The primary reason why a cat stops eating

More information

Blood Transfusion. There are three types of blood cells: Red blood cells. White blood cells. Platelets.

Blood Transfusion. There are three types of blood cells: Red blood cells. White blood cells. Platelets. Blood Transfusion Introduction Blood transfusions can save lives. Every second, someone in the world needs a blood transfusion. Blood transfusions can replace the blood lost from a serious injury or surgery.

More information

Presence and extent of fatty liver or other metabolic liver diseases

Presence and extent of fatty liver or other metabolic liver diseases UC San Diego Health System Patient Information Sheet: Liver Biopsy What is a Liver Biopsy? A liver biopsy is a procedure where a qualified doctor (typically a hepatologist, radiologist or gastroenterologist)

More information