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1 Skill: ea Introduce Concept 1. Display the flash card for the following vowel team: ea 2. Say the sound aloud. Note that the ea vowel team can make the short e sound in some words. The a remains silent. 3. Say the sound aloud again slowly as you model writing the sound with your index finger in the air. 4. Have students say the sound aloud as they write the letter with their index fingers on the table in front of them. 5. Review the sound by holding up the flash cards one at a time. Use the I ll say, We ll say, You ll Say method. Tell students, I ll say the sound first on my own. Listen carefully to the sound. Now we ll say the sound together. Then you say the sound on your own. Construct Words 1. Pass out Word Construction Tiles to each student. You will need the letters: ea, b, r, d (2) p, h, v, y, m, n, t, s, w, er, th, l 2. Choose a word from the Words to Spell section below. Say the word aloud. Repeat the word slowly. Ask students what vowel sound they hear in the word. Have students place the corresponding letter tile in the center of their desks. Repeat the process with the beginning and ending sounds. Choose other words from the Words to Spell section. Repeat. Do not choose a word from the Sight Words section. Sight words do not sound out. read heavy Words to Spell bread meant ready dead head sweater death weather wealth spread Sight Word(s) Phonics Instruction Guide 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

2 Sentences to Read and Write 1. Is your sweater heavy? 2. Keep the thread steady. 3. Mack read the bread bag. 4. He meant to spread it out. Decodable Phonics Stories to Read Danco Phonics Readers Additional Unit Resources Danco Flash Cards () Danco Phonics Sentences () Danco Spelling Practice () Word Construction Tiles ( Danco Sentence Strips () Danco Fluency Chart () Phonics Slip Strip () The Story of ea Notes Few people know it, but ea has an identical twin brother. He spells his name the same way. The only way you can tell them apart is by listening carefully to they way they speak. One of the twins says the long e sound, while the other twin says the short e sound. If you ever see ea hiding in a word, you can try saying either the short e sound or the long e sound. Teach the Rule: When two vowels are walking, the first one does the talking. The diacritical marking for short ea is seen below. You may wish to cross out the silent letter in the vowel team. Example: e a Phonics Instruction Guide 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

3 Phoneme Boxes Have students line up 5 laminated 2 x 2 construction paper squares (different colors) near the top of their desks. Say the word, bread aloud slowly. Students repeat the word, bread. Have students pull down each sound they hear as they say the sounds/phonemes aloud. Ask students how many sounds they hear in the word, bread. [There are four phonemes: /b/, /r/, /e/, and /d/] Please Note: Phonemes are the smallest parts of sound in spoken language. The English language has about 41 phonemes. Phonemes can be individual letters or combinations of letters. Have students move the colored paper squares back to the top of their desks and repeat the steps above with these words, by saying: Pull down the sounds you hear in the word, dead Pull down the sounds you hear in the word, head Pull down the sounds you hear in the word, death Pull down the sounds you hear in the word, deaf Pull down the sounds you hear in the word, thread Pull down the sounds you hear in the word, spread Pull down the sounds you hear in the word, dread [There are three phonemes: /d/, /e/, and /d/] [There are three phonemes: /h/, /e/, and /d/] [There are three phonemes: /d/, /e/, and /th/] [There are three phonemes: /d/, /e/, and /f/] [There are four phonemes: /th/, /r/, /e/, and /d/] [There are five phonemes: /s/, /p/, /r/, /e/ and /d/] [There are four phonemes: /d/, /r/, /e/, and /d/] Phonics Instruction Guide 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

4 Rhyming Phonological Awareness Activities Say, Tell me a word that rhymes with bread. Say, Tell me a word that rhymes with wealth. Say, Tell me a word that rhymes with meant. [dread, dead, spread, read, thread] [health] [rent, sent, went, bent, dent] Blending Say the sounds: /d/, /e/, /d/ aloud while you put up one finger for each sound. Have students put up a finger for each sound/phoneme they hear in the word spread. Students should hold up their thumb for /d/, their index finger for /e/, and their middle finger for /d/ as they say each sound/phoneme. Repeat two more times (faster each time). Then have students close their hands into a fist and say the word, dead aloud. Follow the steps above for these words: Teacher says: /d/, /e/, /f/ Students say: /d/, /e/, /f/ /d/, /e/, /f/ deaf Teacher says: /r/, /e/, /d/ Students say: /r/, /e/, /d/ /r/, /e/, /d/ read Teacher says: /b/, /r/, /e/, /d/ Students say: /b/, /r/, /e/, /d/ /b/, /r/, /e/, /d/ bread Teacher says: /d/, /r/, /e/, /d/ Students say: /d/, /r/, /e/, /d/ /d/, /r/, /e/, /d/ dread Teacher says: /d/, /e/, /th/ Students say: /d/, /e/, /th/ /d/, /e/, /th/ death Syllables Say the word, weather aloud to your students. Have each student place the back of their hand on their chin and say the word slowly aloud. Each syllable will cause the jaw to drop. Have students count the number of times that their jaws drop. Say, How many syllables do you hear in the word weather? Students say, Two aloud. Follow the steps above for these words: Teacher says: heavy Students say: heavy Teacher: How many syllables in heavy? [2] Teacher says: sweater Students say: sweater Teacher: How many syllables in sweater? [2] Teacher says: head Students say: head Teacher: How many syllables in head? [1] Teacher says: steady Students say: steady Teacher: How many syllables in steady? [2] Isolation Say the word, deaf aloud to your students. Ask students, What is the middle sound you hear in the word, deaf? [/e/] health What is the ending sound you hear in the word, health? [/th/] weather What is the beginning sound you hear in the word, weather? [/w/] dead What is the middle sound you hear in the word, dead? [/e/] steady What is the ending sound you hear in the word, steady? [/ē/] sweater What is the beginning sound you hear in the word, sweater? [/s/] Phonics Instruction Guide 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

5 ea dead weather steady bread head wealth thread heavy sweater spread dread read death deaf health meant ready Is your sweater heavy? Keep the thread steady. Mack read the bread bag. He meant to spread it out. Flash Cards 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

6 ea read dead bread meant head heavy ready sweater

7 death weather wealth spread deaf steady health dread thread

8 Is your sweater heavy? 2007 Danco Phonics Readers Keep the thread steady Danco Phonics Readers Mack read the bread bag Danco Phonics Readers

9 He meant to spread it out Danco Phonics Readers She felt under the weather Danco Phonics Readers Did you hit your head? 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

10 Word Construction Tiles Words to Construct read heavy bread meant ready dead head sweater death weather wealth spread t ea b r d p h v y m r n ts d s w er th l Word Construction Tiles 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

11 Danco Fluency Chart Directions: Set a timer for one minute. Read the following list of words aloud as quickly and as accurately as you can. Read from left to right. Record how many words you read correctly at the bottom of this page. Repeat two more times. The purpose of this activity is to increase reading fluency. bread heavy read meant dead 5 head sweater death weather wealth 10 spread deaf steady thread health 15 bread heavy read meant dead 20 head sweater death weather wealth 25 spread deaf steady thread health 30 bread heavy read meant dead 35 head sweater death weather wealth 40 spread deaf steady thread health 45 bread heavy read meant dead 50 head sweater death weather wealth 55 spread deaf steady thread health 60 bread heavy read meant dead 65 head sweater death weather wealth 70 spread deaf steady thread health 75 bread heavy read meant dead 80 head sweater death weather wealth 85 spread deaf steady thread health 90 bread heavy read meant dead 95 head sweater death weather wealth 100 By signing below, I am acknowledging that my child has read the list above aloud to me three times. 1 st Try 2 nd Try 3 rd Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Words Words 1 st Try 2 nd Try 3 rd Words Words 1 st Try 2 nd Try Words Words 1 st Try 2 nd Try Words Words Try Words Try Words Try Words Try Words Parent/Guardian Signature: Parent/Guardian Signature: Parent/Guardian Signature: Parent/Guardian Signature: 3 rd 3 rd Danco Fluency Chart 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

12 Spelling Words Sound: ea bread heavy read meant ready dead head sweater death weather wealth spread Dictation Sentences Is your sweater heavy? Keep the thread steady. Mack read the bread bag. He meant to spread it out. Spelling Words & Dictation Sentences 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

13 Name Date Trace the Word bread Write the Word Write the Word Mark the Vowel Sound / heavy read meant ready dead Spelling Practice 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

14 Name Date Trace the Word head Write the Word Write the Word Mark the Vowel Sound / sweater death weather wealth spread Spelling Practice 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

15 Name Date Directions: Read each sentence out loud. Trace over each dotted sentence. Write each sentence on your own. Draw and color a picture for each sentence. Is your sweater heavy? Is your sweater heavy? Keep the thread steady. Keep the thread steady. Phonics Sentences 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

16 Name Date Directions: Read each sentence out loud. Trace over each dotted sentence. Write each sentence on your own. Draw and color a picture for each sentence. Mack read the bread bag. Mack read the bread bag. He meant to spread it out. He meant to spread it out. Phonics Sentences 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

17 Danco T M Phonics Readers Written by Dan Clarke, M.ed Skill: ea (Short e) 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

18 The Weather The weather can be funny. Some days it is hot. Some days it rains. On the rainy days, I put on a sweater. Sweaters are meant to keep you warm when you step outside. On bad snow days, you can see your breath. Your breath is like fog when it comes out. On heavy snow days you must stay inside your pleasant home Danco Phonics Readers

19 Sweat Sweat comes from under your skin. On hot days, you sweat. Your body does not get as hot when you sweat. Some men dread the hot weather. This is when they sweat a lot. If you wear a cap, your head will have sweat on it. If you lift heavy things, you will sweat. Dogs do not sweat. They pant. But, who wants to be a dog anyway? Danco Phonics Readers

20 Randy, Martha, and Mrs. Duck Ready or not, here I come! shouts Randy. Wait for me! yells Martha. Randy and Martha have come to jump into the shallow pond. As they get wet, a healthy duck swims past them. Then the duck spreads her wings and she is gone like a flash. She is in the air ready to fly north. See you next year, Mrs. Duck, we say Danco Phonics Readers

21 The Breadbox The dry, stale, wheat bread sits inside the breadbox. Day after day it sits until it gets put into the trashcan. If the bread gets wet, green stuff will start to be seen on it. Bread like this is not healthy to eat. It could make you very sick. Once bread turns green, it is meant for the trashcan! Green eggs and ham; yes. Green toast; no! Danco Phonics Readers

22 Deaf is Not Bad Some kids are born deaf. It is not bad to be deaf. When you are deaf, you cannot hear like some kids can. Sometimes you cannot hear at all. If you are deaf, it can be hard to speak. To speak well with your lips, you must hear well. Kids who are deaf can use hands to speak with Danco Phonics Readers

23 Questions 1. On cold days, what does your breath look like? (Page 1) 2. What happens on hot days? (Page 2) 3. What did Randy and Martha see in the pond? (Page 3) 4. What should be thrown away? (Page 4) 5. What does it mean to be deaf? (Page 5) Danco Phonics Readers

24 Phonics Slip Strip br h r m r d h sw CUT THIS PART OUT d vy d nt dy d d ter d th ea Glue Phonics Slip Strip 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

25 Name Date Danco Phonics Support Directions: Choose a word from the box to complete each sentence. Write the word on the line. sweat bread heavy meant sweater 1. Put on a for chilly weather. 2. comes from under your skin. 3. Mom made a loaf of for each of us. 4. My dog Fluffy is. 5. I to do my homework last week. Directions: Choose a word from the box to complete each sentence. Write the word on the line. wealth dead threads health head 6. Mr. Mills hit his on the window. 7. means having lots of cash. 8. Jan s sweater had three showing. 9. To stay in fine you must eat well. 10. The backyard had three trees. Danco Phonics Support 2007 Danco Phonics Readers

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