WHY PEOPLE DO OR DO NOT USE THEIR BIKE ON SHORT TRIPS MODALITY CHOICES IN THE NETHERLANDS

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "WHY PEOPLE DO OR DO NOT USE THEIR BIKE ON SHORT TRIPS MODALITY CHOICES IN THE NETHERLANDS"

Transcription

1 WHY PEOPLE DO OR DO NOT USE THEIR BIKE ON SHORT TRIPS MODALITY CHOICES IN THE NETHERLANDS Mireille van Twuijver Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management; Transport Research Center (AVV), The Netherlands Madelon Schreuders Goudappel Coffeng, The Netherlands 1. INTRODUCTION While the overall mobility is rising in the Netherlands, car use is increasing to a greater extent than the use of public transport and biking. In 2002 the percentage of car trips increased from 44% to 49%. Although we see within the category up to 7,5 kilometers (i.e. 2,08 miles) a somewhat smaller share of car trips, for these short trips the car is gaining ground. For the accessibility of cities, the quality of living conditions in living areas, traffic safety, the environment and the health of road users, these short car trips form a major problem in the Dutch community. Over the last decade, the Dutch Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management has developed different policies to deal with the increasing pressure short car trips (i.e. up to 2,08 miles) form to our society. This Dutch Ministry has launched a specific governmental program, called mobility management, through which the Ministry tries to motivate, instead of force, people to make good mode choices that are respectfull for both individual needs as well as for the society as a whole. The mobility management policy is focused on shifting the responsibilities for the implementation of policy measures from central to regional and local policy makers. Those measures include, for example, presenting attractive alternatives for individual car use. For short trips this means reducing the number of car trips by promoting biking: the goal is to get more people, more often on their bike! 1.1 Current research To gain insight into how people can be best stimulated to travel by bike more often, the Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management asked the Transport Research Center (AVV) and Goudappel Coffeng to conduct a study among Dutch citizens. Main goal to be achieved in this study was to learn from the arguments people use when they decide to use their bike, and from the arguments they use when they decide to travel by car on short trips up to 7,5 kilometer (i.e. 2,08 miles). On the one hand, it was expected that the results would provide us with a better understanding of the perceived impediments for biking to be dealt with by policy makers. On the other hand the study was set out to provide better insight into the positive arguments that make people so-called satisfied bikers. Also, this type of insight can be helpful for policy makers in persuading other citizens. Because we expected

2 the arguments to differ between situations and destinations, we gave attention not only to the arguments themselves, but also to argumentation processes. The main question is: why does someone use his or her bike for a certain trip when the next week he or she makes the exact same trip but then uses the car? What kind of argumentation takes place? What are the most important pros and cons that are considered in this particular situation? During this study we cooperated closely with local policy makers because they would be the final users of the results of the study. 2. LITERATURE ON MODALITY CHANGES On modality choice in general there is a rich choice in literature available. We found the following major determinants of mode choice: Habitual behavior To a large extent mode choices on short trips are influenced by habits: although it is not necessary to take the car, the car is available and will therefore be used. These kinds of habits are usually hard to change. Habits are the result of frequent and consistent behavior; they can best be changed shock wise, so to speak, when long term decisions are made. A good moment to try to change other peoples travel habits could be when one has a new job or moves to another area in the country. These meaningful situations in life could pertain to long term mobility changes. On the other hand, short term changes in mobility choices (for example as a result of a positive experience with public transport) are not expected to last long (Veling, 1994). Attitudes and perceptions Literature shows a positive relation between attitudes and mode choices: a positive attitude towards travelling by train, results in increased travel by train. However, attitudes and perceptions are also hard to change: although a bike is in some situations the quickest travelling mode as a result of congestion, one-way traffic et cetera, people persist to perceive bikes as a slow vehicle. They deny all information that could refute their perception of bikes, just because they are not interested enough in bikes: bikes are not in their evokod set. This is of great interest, because giving the right information is clearly not enough to change peoples attitudes. People select the information they use in their decision making process (Wierenga & Van Raaij, 1987). Motivations In general there are three types of motivations that are at the basis of mode choices: - instrumental motives ( my car brings me from A to B in a fast, flexible and comfortable way ); - affective-emotional motives ( driving in my car gives me the feeling of freedom and privacy ; when I drive my car, I have control over the situation ); - and motives based on social comparison ( most of my colleagues travel by train to work, I should do that too ) (Slotegraaf et al, 1997).

3 Availability There is a close relation between modality choice and availability: having a bus stop in front of the residence, for example, increases the chances of travelling by bus. Also, having a railway station nearby increases the chance of using the bike to travel to that station instead of using the car. And when people live in the vicinity of an ongoing road the number of car trips is also increased. Biking increases when shops are available in the neighborhood. (Connekt, 1999). Household composition Also the composition of the household is of influence on mode choices. Households consisting of one or two persons prefer travelling by car more often. Also in households with little children, parents tend to use their car more often when bringing their children to school; mostly due to reasons of (perceived) traffic unsafety and time pressure (Mackett & Robertson, 2000). In the literature we also found the influence of the following factors on modality choice: demographic factors (living in urban or rural areas); demand and supply factors (parking possibilities, car ownership, supply of alternatives); personal factors (gender, age et cetera); indirect personal factors (ownership of driver s license, place of residence, working location et cetera); travel motives (i.e. commuter traffic, recreational traffic et cetera); and situational factors (weather conditions, perceived social safety). 2.1 Implications On the basis of the literature review, we concluded that, when studying mode choices, it is important to differentiate between groups with different household compositions and life styles. With respect to mode choices, those groups (i.e. students, households with little children, dinky s (double income, no kids) et cetera) have different transport patterns, transport options, attitudes and habits. We also concluded that it is important to pay attention to the differences in transport patterns between rural and urban areas and the degree of municipality. 3. THE RESEARCH PROJECT 3.1 Research goal and design The goal of the research was, with respect to short trips up to 7,5 kilometer (i.e. 2,08 miles), to gain insight into the argumentation processes with respect to mode choices from a situational point of view. The main question is: why do people at one point use their bike and decide to use their car for the exact same trip the next time? The second purpose was to determine how (groups of) people can be influenced in such a way that they increase their bike use. This focuses on the question: which concrete measures can be developed for the local policy makers with respect to increased bike use that correspond with their argumentation processes?

4 Although biking as well as public transport can form an alternative for car use on short trips, we focus in this paper on arguments and argumentation processes with respect to car use and biking. The research questions were addressed as follows: we started with a literature review and a workshop with local and national policy makers, researchers and representatives of different community groups. In this workshop we came to an inventory of expectations and wishes of these groups with respect to the study. Secondly, we used several qualitative research methods: individual interviews, group discussions and family interviews. In total we spoke with 61 persons. Thirdly, we conducted a survey among 1021 persons. We finalized the study conducting a second workshop with policy makers and several community groups. In this workshop we presented the results of the study and elaborated on several implications for national and local policy makers. 3.2 Sample On the basis of the qualitative part of the study, in which the sample represented a wide variety of background variables and travel purposes, we found that choices between car and bike use were influenced by 3 factors: 1. the place of residence (Western (industrialized) part of the Netherlands vs. the rest of the country); 2. the degree of municipality of the place of residence; 3. the household composition: having children under or over the age of 12. We stratified the sample of the quantitative phase of our project along these three factors. Because we studied modality choices between car and bike, we assured that only respondents with disposal of both a car and a bike were included in the sample. 3.3 Results The qualitative part of the study revealed various arguments and argumentation processes people use for biking or car use on short trips, which seemed to differ somewhat between different travel purposes. On the basis of the arguments found in the qualitative part of the study, combined with some arguments for modality choices we found in the literature, we developed a questionnaire to be used in the quantitative part of the study. In this questionnaire, we focused on five reasons for travelling: commuter traffic; sports and recreation; shopping; frequenting café s, theatre or cinema; and bringing children to school and to other activities. For each of these reasons for travelling, we asked the respondents questions about the choices they usually make between biking and car use (table 1). For example, in the case of shopping, these choices were: 1. When you choose the car instead of the bike, when you make a short trip for reasons of shopping, the arguments for this choice are.. ; 2. When you choose the bike instead of the car, when you make a short trip for reasons of shopping, the arguments for this choice are:.. In both cases a list of pre-coded arguments was offered in terms of propositions; the respondents were asked to indicate to which extent they did agree or disagree with these propositions.

5 Choices Bike instead of car Car instead of bike Shopping Bringing children to school Reasons for traveling Sports and recreation Frequenting café s, cinema etc Commuter Traffic Arguments: for which reasons do you prefer the bike over the car? Arguments: for which reasons do you prefer the car over the bike? Table 1: design of the questionnaire In this paper we will report on the major results of the quantitative study. Travel patters on short trips The respondents were asked to indicate how often they use the car and the bike on short trips in general. The results in table 1 show that on short trips the car and the bike compete in terms of frequency (table 2). Frequency of use Car % Bike % Several times per day Once a day 9 6 Several times per week Several times per month Seldom/never Totaal 100 (n=1021) 100 (n=955) Table 2: user frequencies (%) of car and bike on short trips in the Netherlands The questions concerning the choices between car and bike revealed that for each of the five reasons for travelling the group that never prefers the bike ( incurable car users ) is larger than the group that never prefers the car (table 3). Table 3 shows some differences between the five reasons for travelling: frequenting a café or a cinema effectuates in relatively high persistence of car use while going to work and sporting facilities effectuate a relatively high persistence of bike use. With respect to bringing children to school, relatively more people alternate between the car and the bike.

6 Respondent does make short trips. Respondent never chooses the car. Sometimes bike, sometimes car. Respondent never chooses the bike.. for this reason of travelling i Reason for Number % Number Number Number travelling: % % % Shopping Bringing children to school and to other activities Recreation and sports Frequenting café s, theater, cinema Commuter traffic Table 3 : Number and % of respondents that choose the car, the bike or alternate, for several reasons for travelling With respect to differences in household composition, gender and age, the results showed that within families with children under the age of 12 car use is relatively high, while women and people over the age of 50 have a relatively high tendency to take the cycle. Arguments in favor of biking The arguments which are most decisive for choosing the bike on short trips in general, instead of the car, are (in order of importance): 1. Biking is healthy 2. Biking is fun 3. Biking is beneficial to the environment 4. Biking is a quick way to go from A to B 5. There are good bicycle sheds, so I can park my bike in a safe way 6. Biking is easy: I don t have to look for parking space for my car These remarks are not (only) made by hard-core cyclists who always take their bike; these are also the remarks of people who alternate use their car and their bike on short trips and indicate to use these arguments in the situations in which they prefer to bike. The above list of arguments in favor of biking can be seen as a very positive attitude towards cycling: in the situations that the bike is preferred over the car, this choice is based mainly on the positive aspects of cycling and the

7 positive feelings it brings about (healthy, fun, attribution to society). In second instance biking has in those situations an instrumental value (quick) and only in third instance the choice is based on avoiding negative aspects of car driving (looking for parking space). Arguments in favor of car use The arguments that are most decisive for choosing the car instead of the bike, on short trips in general, are (in order of importance): 1. The weather is bad 2. I can park my car easy and without costs 3. The distances are to long to cycle 4. The car is comfortable 5. I want to avoid cycling when it s dark outside 6. I am short of time and have to stop at different destinations on my way 7. I have to carry a lot of stuff The above remarks are, just as in the former paragraph, made by people who sometimes take the bike and sometimes take the car when they travel on short distances. These people indicate to use above mentioned arguments in the situations in which they prefer the car. The arguments in favor of car use on short trips focus on the positive aspects of car driving, but in a different way as compared to the arguments in favor of cycling: the arguments pro-car all seem to a more or lesser extent to be related to avoiding uncomfortable situations (avoiding getting wet, avoiding getting tired of cycling, avoiding the feeling of social unsafety et cetera) and to time pressure. The availability of (free of charge) parking space is making the choice to take the car even easier. Argumentation processes with respect to different reasons for travelling When we look at the similarities and differences in argumentation between the five different reasons for travelling, we see arguments that are used independent of reason for travelling and we see arguments which are specific to one or more reason(s) for travelling. Argumentations which are mentioned for all five reasons for travelling Independent of the reason for travelling, most people blame the bad weather conditions for their decision to take the car instead of the bike. With respect to cycling, most people base their decision to take the bike on arguments regarding health and fun, independent of reason for travelling. Destination specific arguments The argument having to carry a lot of stuff is, especially for the travel purposes shopping, sport and commuter traffic decisive in preferring the car over the bike. The arguments lack of time and having a chain of destinations to be stopped at is decisive especially for commuting traffic and bringing children to school (for example, bringing children to school on the way to the workplace). Educational motives (giving a good example for your children) influence the choice in favor of the bike only in case of bringing children to school. The availability of good bicycle sheds is decisive for preferring the

8 bike in case of commuter traffic, recreation and sports and frequenting cafe s and cinema s. And social safety is responsible for choosing the car instead of the bike in case of bringing children to school, recreation and sports and commuter traffic. 4. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS Whenever someone decides to make a short trip and is able to choose between travelling by car or bicycle, there are several argumentations possible that will influence the final mode choice (bicycle or car). Choosing the bike is based on reasons related to a so-called positive feeling that biking can bring forward in that particular situation (i.e. biking is healthy and fun). On the other hand, the choosing the bike is also related to reasons concerning the practical advantages of biking in general (i.e. biking is easier and quicker as compared to the car, for example because you don t need to find parking space). The results also show that whenever people choose to take the car they mention reasons that relate to the comfort one is experiencing in those situations (i.e. avoiding bad weather, avoiding travelling long distances, avoiding socially unsafe situations et cetera). as well as peoples full calendars due to many trip chains in combination with lack of time. These reasons can differ by travel purpose. Of course habitual behavior plays an important role within the choice between bicycle and car on short distances. But not everyone considers all pros and cons of this choice on a rational level each time a short distance has to be travelled. In our research we were able to get more insight into the aspects that can play a part in these choices. Through this we were able to hand local policymakers points of departures for means by which they can increase biking in their municipality. At the one hand this can be done by using the positive feelings induced by biking itself and on the other hand by removing the impediments that are an obstacle to use the bike on a regular basis. However, it is clear that not all impediments to bike use can be influenced. Obviously, this applies to the weather but also to the perception of distances ( to far to cycle ) or the hectic life styles of certain people. Luckily, more than enough leads for policy makers remain: Early prevention of habitual behavior Local governments can prevent the development of habitual behavior through public information. For example, when moving or job changes are concerned, travel patterns as well as travel modes are debated and renewed completely for the long term. It is recommendable to anticipate as early as possible to these distinct moments in a persons life. For example by discussing long term travel patterns as well as mode choices with people that are about to buy a new home, or are trying to find a new job. Real estate partners, public housing societies or business companies would be possible partners in these discussions. For example by providing these people written of oral information about traffic modes and transport availability in their own (or new) municipality, the delays in travel time by car or different destinations on short

9 distances et cetera. Also, it might be a good option to try seek alliance with business policies related to travel management. Take advantage of the educational aspects related to biking Local governments can take advantage of the importance parents of children up to 12 years weight to educational aspects of biking. Clearly, all parents in the Netherlands consider it important to teach their children how to use their bikes safely and independently. They also feel it is important for them to give the right example. A good way to take advantage of these feelings and attitudes is to build or improve the safety of bike lanes of school-home routes. Also it is important to intensify and improve the attention for traffic education among starting bikers up to the age of 12 years. Attention for social safety related to biking The research results show that the car is preferred above using the bike in situations in which people would like to prevent social unsafe situations such as biking in the dark. Adjusting the biking routes to these circumstances is one of our recommendations. Also, the presence of quality cycle sheds, through which theft can be prevented, seems to be of great importance in making a choice pro bike. The availability of safe cycle sheds on several locations (near offices, sport centers, entertainment centers, schools, et cetera) would increase the bike use. Parking policy The study shows that good parking facilities for people that favor the car on short distances, are an important reason to travel by car instead of by bike. Not just the parking facilities, but also the fact that they can park their car for free motivates these people to use the car on short trips. Difficulty to park the car on the other hand is an important reason to use the bike. Based on this it seems to be very important to pay more attention in relation to parking policies to car trips up to 7,5 kilometer (i.e. 2,08 miles) from one s home. Emphasize positive aspects of biking Local authorities can connect with campaigns to the perception of their local citizens. Through communicational strategies it can be emphasized that biking is quick, fun and healthy, Also it can be communicated how polluting cars are, especially on short distances. These means mentioned above gain strength when they can be implemented by target group oriented methods. It is important to mention that this particular target group focus is also connected to the perception of the policymakers that were involved in this study. They agreed during the concluding workshop that their preference was to develop policy means that are closely related to the different travel purposes (such as: commuting traffic, shopping, sport, et cetera). By looking at the mode choice on short distances from a situational perspective our study has additional value in the sense of local implementation of traffic and transport policy in the Netherlands.

10 5. LITERATURE Connekt (1999). Mobiliteit begint bij de woning: het effect van de woonomgeving op de mobiliteit en vervoerswijzekeuze. MuConsult. Mackett, R.L & Robertson, S.A. (2000). Potential for mode transfer of short trips: review of existing data and literature. London, Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions. Slotegraaf, G., Steg, L., Vlek, C.A.J. (1997). Diepere drijfveren van het autogebruik; ontwikkeling en toepassing van een projectieve onderzoeksmethode voor het traceren van affectief-emotionele determinanten van het autogebruik. Eindrapport, Groningen: RUG. Veling, I.H. (1994). Vervoerwijzekeuze: een kwestie van gewoonte? Verkeerskunde vol 45 afl. 1 p

11 i Respondents only filled in the questions regarding the reasons for traveling that they come across in daily life, so the number of answers differs between the reasons for traveling.

The Psychology of Parking

The Psychology of Parking The Psychology of Parking H.J. Griffioen-Young, H.J.W. Janssen*, D.J.C. van Amelsfoort, & J.J. Langefeld TNO Human Factors, P.O. Box 23, 3769 ZG Soesterberg, The Netherlands T +31 346 356408, F +31 346

More information

EXPLORING FACTORS AFFECTING BICYCLE COMMUTING IN DAR-ES-SALAAM, TANZANIA

EXPLORING FACTORS AFFECTING BICYCLE COMMUTING IN DAR-ES-SALAAM, TANZANIA EXPLORING FACTORS AFFECTING BICYCLE COMMUTING IN DAR-ES-SALAAM, TANZANIA ALPHONSE NKURUNZIZA, MARK ZUIDGEEST, M. BRUSSEL, M. VAN MAARSEVEEN M. VANDERSCHUREN (UCT) CYCLING IN THE NETHERLANDS 16 mln people

More information

De ontbrekende spoorlink van het noorden Vervoers- en optiewaarde studie voor de spoorlijn Heerenveen-Groningen -

De ontbrekende spoorlink van het noorden Vervoers- en optiewaarde studie voor de spoorlijn Heerenveen-Groningen - De ontbrekende spoorlink van het noorden Vervoers- en optiewaarde studie voor de spoorlijn Heerenveen-Groningen - Marc Draak Graduation Date: 8 december 2010 Graduation committee: Geurs Thomas Holtrop

More information

CYCLING IN GHANA: AN INDEPTH STUDY OF ACCRA. October 2004

CYCLING IN GHANA: AN INDEPTH STUDY OF ACCRA. October 2004 CYCLING IN GHANA: AN INDEPTH STUDY OF ACCRA Written by: Magnus Quarshie October 2004 1 Introduction... 3 2 Objectives of Study... 3 3 Description of Study... 3 3.1 Limitations of the survey:... 4 4 General

More information

GUIDANCE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF QUESTIONNAIRES

GUIDANCE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF QUESTIONNAIRES GUIDANCE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF QUESTIONNAIRES Consultation questionnaires are used to ascertain people's opinions on particular topics. The most successful consultations use questionnaires as part of

More information

Goal of the method: The goal of the method is to identify the key internal and external factors seen as important to achieving an objective.

Goal of the method: The goal of the method is to identify the key internal and external factors seen as important to achieving an objective. Name: SWOT analysis General topic: specification of objectives Category: planning Short Summary: SWOT analysis (alternatively SWOT Matrix) is a structured planning method used to evaluate the Strengths,

More information

INTER-COMPANY MOBILITY PLANS

INTER-COMPANY MOBILITY PLANS INTER-COMPANY MOBILITY PLANS Example of a new public policy for sustainable mobility December 2012 *All rights reserved. What is an Inter-Company Mobility Plan? A group of actions which aim is to rationalize

More information

BICYCLE COMMUTING BASICS DEVELOPED BY BOWMAN-MELTON ASSOCIATES, INC. FOR THE NORTH TEXAS CLEAN AIR COALITION

BICYCLE COMMUTING BASICS DEVELOPED BY BOWMAN-MELTON ASSOCIATES, INC. FOR THE NORTH TEXAS CLEAN AIR COALITION BICYCLE COMMUTING BASICS DEVELOPED BY BOWMAN-MELTON ASSOCIATES, INC. FOR THE NORTH TEXAS CLEAN AIR COALITION Bicycle Commuting Basics Why have a bicycle commuting program? What factors contribute to an

More information

Impact of Tourism on Community Life in Dare County Executive Summary

Impact of Tourism on Community Life in Dare County Executive Summary Impact of Tourism on Community Life in Dare County Executive Summary Study Team Patrick Long, Director, Center for Sustainable Tourism Huili Hao, Director of Research, Center for Sustainable Tourism James

More information

National Travel Survey 2014: Travel to school

National Travel Survey 2014: Travel to school National Travel Survey 2014: Travel to school The National Travel Survey is the Department for Transport s key source of data for understanding school travel patterns. This factsheet summarises the latest

More information

CUSTOMER ATTITUDES TOWARDS AND PERCEPTIONS OF TELEMATICS IN CARS

CUSTOMER ATTITUDES TOWARDS AND PERCEPTIONS OF TELEMATICS IN CARS CUSTOMER ATTITUDES TOWARDS AND PERCEPTIONS OF TELEMATICS IN CARS by Rob Sheldon, Managing Director Mark Kidd, Senior Research Executive Accent Marketing & Research INTRODUCTION Telematics is an emerging

More information

Manual for Teachers. Traffic Snake Game. The new school action

Manual for Teachers. Traffic Snake Game. The new school action The new school action Traffic Snake Game Manual for Teachers Table of Contents 1. The Traffic Snake Tame: What and Why?...3 2. Aim of the Game...4 Advantages of the Game... 5 Educational Support... 6 3.

More information

Wigan and Leigh College Sustainable Travel Plan 2012

Wigan and Leigh College Sustainable Travel Plan 2012 Wigan and Leigh College Sustainable Travel Plan 2012 Introduction Wigan and Leigh College is an institution of further and higher education in North West England. It operates on two main sites in Wigan

More information

Biking in the U.S. Trends from the National Household Travel Survey. National Bike Summit Nancy McGuckin Travel Behavior Analyst

Biking in the U.S. Trends from the National Household Travel Survey. National Bike Summit Nancy McGuckin Travel Behavior Analyst Biking in the U.S. Trends from the National Household Travel Survey National Bike Summit Nancy McGuckin Travel Behavior Analyst First, about the NHTS A snapshot of travel by people in the U.S. (all ages)

More information

Heading Cycling in London

Heading Cycling in London Heading Cycling in London 2 nd October 2013 Nicola Francis Delivery Planning Transport for London 1 Heading Today s presentation Setting the scene Cycling potential Cycling interventions Flagship schemes

More information

Bicycle and Public Transport Dream Team or Rivals? The Berlin Experience

Bicycle and Public Transport Dream Team or Rivals? The Berlin Experience Bicycle and Public Transport Dream Team or Rivals? The Berlin Experience Conference Integrated Urban Mobility Dresden, 12./13. March 2009 Burkhard Horn Senate Department for Urban Development, Berlin Overview

More information

Cycle Strategy 2006 2011

Cycle Strategy 2006 2011 Cycle Strategy 2006 2011 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION... 1 2 POLICY BACKGROUND... 2 3 BACKGROUND... 6 4 MAIN OBJECTIVES... 8 5 TARGETS... 9 6 THE CYCLE NETWORK... 10 7 CONCLUSION... 13 Appendix A:

More information

GOING TOO FAST, GOING TOO SLOW

GOING TOO FAST, GOING TOO SLOW RAC REPORT ON MOTORING 2002 Introduction GOING TOO FAST, GOING TOO SLOW This is a summary of the Report on Motoring, which was launched on 23 January. Its purpose is to position RAC as a responsible motoring

More information

Setting the framework for parking policy I. Coordinated by FGM-AMOR Presentation by Martina Hertel (Difu) based upon training material by RHV

Setting the framework for parking policy I. Coordinated by FGM-AMOR Presentation by Martina Hertel (Difu) based upon training material by RHV Setting the framework for parking policy I Coordinated by FGM-AMOR Presentation by Martina Hertel (Difu) based upon training material by RHV Just a parking lot.? Source: City of Bocholt, Germany, Stadtbaurat

More information

How to implement cycling solutions in a post-communist street system (and mentality) Marcin Hyła, VeloForum, 16 Oct.

How to implement cycling solutions in a post-communist street system (and mentality) Marcin Hyła,  VeloForum, 16 Oct. How to implement cycling solutions in a post-communist street system (and mentality) Marcin Hyła, www.miastadlarowerow.pl VeloForum, 16 Oct. 2010 th What has communism to do with cycling? No free flow

More information

Appendix 3: Example Travel Survey

Appendix 3: Example Travel Survey Appendix 3: Example Travel Survey Before putting together your Travel Plan you will need to complete a staff travel survey so that you know how employees currently travel to work and why they travel the

More information

6.0 Test Plan for Focus Groups and Surveys

6.0 Test Plan for Focus Groups and Surveys 6.0 Test Plan for Focus Groups and Surveys 6.0 Test Plan for Focus Groups and Surveys The primary research for this study consists of two market research tasks. As part of the qualitative market research,

More information

An innovative method for longitudinal travel data collection, the MPN Netherlands Mobility Panel

An innovative method for longitudinal travel data collection, the MPN Netherlands Mobility Panel Foto: Marcel Hoogeveen An innovative method for longitudinal travel data collection, the MPN Netherlands Mobility Panel Sascha Hoogendoorn-Lanser, Nina Schaap, and Marie-José Olde Kalter Long-term travel

More information

Attitudes towards cycling Annual report 2013 TfL number: SPA FT number: 1479 Final report

Attitudes towards cycling Annual report 2013 TfL number: SPA FT number: 1479 Final report Attitudes towards cycling Annual report 2013 TfL number: 05110 SPA FT number: 1479 Final report 1 1 Introduction The Mayor of London and Transport for London (TfL) have a target to increase cycling from

More information

New leisure related mobility service in Krakow

New leisure related mobility service in Krakow New leisure related mobility service in Krakow City: Krakow Project: CARAVEL Measure number: 8.8 A Introduction A1 Objectives The main purpose of this measure is to encourage people to use bicycles as

More information

National Association of Realtors Portland State University Community & Transportation Preferences Survey U.S. Metro Areas, 2015 Frequencies

National Association of Realtors Portland State University Community & Transportation Preferences Survey U.S. Metro Areas, 2015 Frequencies National Association of Realtors Portland State University Community & Transportation Preferences Survey U.S. Metro Areas, 2015 Frequencies Conducted May 13 19, 2015 3000 Respondents from the 50 largest

More information

Commuter Choice Certificate Program

Commuter Choice Certificate Program Commuter Choice Certificate Program Current course offerings (subject to change) Core 1 Commuter Choice Toolbox Required Courses Rideshare Options Audience: This 2 credit required course is targeted to

More information

WHAT EUROPEANS THINK ABOUT CONNECTED CARS

WHAT EUROPEANS THINK ABOUT CONNECTED CARS FEDERATION INTERNATIONALE DE L AUTOMOBILE REGION I - EUROPE, THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA WHAT EUROPEANS THINK ABOUT CONNECTED CARS ww w.mycarmydata.eu #mycarmydata Table of Contents 01 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

More information

Gaining (political) commitment

Gaining (political) commitment Gaining (political) commitment Date Tuesday May 13th 2014 Erik Tetteroo, APPM Lucas van der Linde, Goudappel Coffeng Introduction Lucas van der Linde Lucas is an intern from Goudappel Coffeng and currently

More information

City of Vantaa New Plans and Projects

City of Vantaa New Plans and Projects City of Vantaa New Plans and Projects Smart Mobility for Better Cities Conference 12 May, 2011 Gilbert Koskela Project Engineer Marja-Vantaa project City of Vantaa has been a forerunner in Finland in studying

More information

Bicycle Traffic Planning and Design. May 25, 2012, Warszawa, Poland Wim van der Wijk

Bicycle Traffic Planning and Design. May 25, 2012, Warszawa, Poland Wim van der Wijk Bicycle Traffic Planning and Design May 25, 2012, Warszawa, Poland Wim van der Wijk Royal Haskoning Who we are, what we do Corporate Presentation January 2012 About us Project management, engineering &

More information

Transport demands in suburbanized locations

Transport demands in suburbanized locations Agronomy Research 12(2), 351 358, 2014 Transport demands in suburbanized locations M. Lukeš *, M. Kotek and M. Růžička Faculty of Engineering, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, 165 21 Prague 6

More information

Technical Report Documentation Page. 2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No. 1. Report No. FHWA/TX-13/0-6737-1

Technical Report Documentation Page. 2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No. 1. Report No. FHWA/TX-13/0-6737-1 1. Report No. FHWA/TX-13/0-6737-1 4. Title and Subtitle EXECUTIVE REPORT: TOLL ROADS, TOLL RATES, AND DRIVER BEHAVIOR 2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No. Technical Report Documentation

More information

INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT AND NMT PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATION IN AN EAST AFRICAN CONTEXT

INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT AND NMT PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATION IN AN EAST AFRICAN CONTEXT INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT AND NMT PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATION IN AN EAST AFRICAN CONTEXT MARK BRUSSEL CONTENTS Examples of integration from the Netherlands Rationale and principles of integration

More information

Air and noise pollution is reduced Traffic is less congested Our communities are safer

Air and noise pollution is reduced Traffic is less congested Our communities are safer Bike To Health HUB works to make cycling an attractive choice for everyone in Metro Vancouver through education, action and events. We offer people the skills and confidence to cycle or cycle more and

More information

Walking and Place 19 th March 2015

Walking and Place 19 th March 2015 Walking and Place 19 th March 2015 Planning Walking Facilities The Approach in Wales Andy Mayo Active Travel (Wales) Act 2013 Landmark Welsh law to make it easier for people to walk and cycle in Wales

More information

Policies and progress on transport access, including access for the rural population and low-income households

Policies and progress on transport access, including access for the rural population and low-income households Transport Policies and progress on transport access, including access for the rural population and low-income households The newest long-term strategy of the Ministry of Transport and Communications Finland,

More information

SAN FRANCISCO BICYCLE COALITION 2012 2017 Strategic Plan

SAN FRANCISCO BICYCLE COALITION 2012 2017 Strategic Plan SAN FRANCISCO BICYCLE COALITION 2012 2017 Strategic Plan OVERALL GOAL BY 2017, AT LEAST HALF OF SAN FRANCISCANS WILL BICYCLE OCCASIONALLY, AND AT LEAST ONE-QUARTER WILL BICYCLE FREQUENTLY OR AT LEAST A

More information

Walking strategy for older citizens knowledge base for planning in Kristiansand

Walking strategy for older citizens knowledge base for planning in Kristiansand Summary: Walking strategy for older citizens knowledge base for planning in Kristiansand TØI report 1265/2013 Authors: Randi Hjorthol, Julie Runde Krogstad, Aud Tennøy Oslo 2013, 86 pages Increased motivation

More information

A Bicycle Accident Study Using GIS Mapping and Analysis

A Bicycle Accident Study Using GIS Mapping and Analysis A Bicycle Accident Study Using GIS Mapping and Analysis Petra Staats, Graduate Assistant, Transportation Policy Institute, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA pstaats@eden.rutgers.edu Summary Surveys

More information

Stepping up a gear. Our vision for cycling in Cardiff

Stepping up a gear. Our vision for cycling in Cardiff Stepping up a gear Our vision for cycling in Cardiff Cardiff is growing fast in fact, over the last 10 years its population has grown quicker than any UK city outside London and this rate of expansion

More information

Healthy Active by Design

Healthy Active by Design Government of Western Australia Department of Education Department of Health Department of Planning Department of Sport and Recreation Department of Transport Healthy Active by Design A Western Australian

More information

Cycling New Zealand Household Travel Survey September2015

Cycling New Zealand Household Travel Survey September2015 Cycling New Zealand Household Travel Survey 2011-2014 September2015 Disclaimer All reasonable endeavours are made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this report. However, the information is provided

More information

Paradox between Public Transport and Private Car as a Modal Choice in Policy Formulation

Paradox between Public Transport and Private Car as a Modal Choice in Policy Formulation Journal of Bangladesh Institute of Planners ISSN 2075-9363 Vol. 2, December 2009, pp. 71-77, Bangladesh Institute of Planners Paradox between Public Transport and Private Car as a Modal Choice in Policy

More information

How Dutch cities made the turnaround in NMT & urban transport planning

How Dutch cities made the turnaround in NMT & urban transport planning www.dutchcycling.nl How Dutch cities made the turnaround in NMT & urban transport planning Jeroen Buis, MSc.Eng. (buis_j@yahoo.com), Delhi, 23 March 2012 The Netherlands: small and densely populated 200

More information

Bridging the gap - the use of methods from research results for implementation of Sustainable Urban Transport Plans with the example from Lund, Sweden

Bridging the gap - the use of methods from research results for implementation of Sustainable Urban Transport Plans with the example from Lund, Sweden Bridging the gap - the use of methods from research results for implementation of Sustainable Urban Transport Plans with the example from Lund, Sweden Christer Ljungberg, Dr Eng, CEO, Trivector Traffic,

More information

French Association of Public Transport Authorities

French Association of Public Transport Authorities French Association of Public Transport Authorities Mobility management in Ile-de- France (Paris region) The urban mobility plan Washington, September, 2006 Chantal Duchène, Director General, Groupement

More information

AUTONOMOUS CARS: 25 MEASURES FOR 2025

AUTONOMOUS CARS: 25 MEASURES FOR 2025 AUTONOMOUS CARS: 25 MEASURES FOR 2025 Report Workshop 25 great minds towards 25 11/03/ 15 in Ghent In January 2015 Taxistop and Autopia participated in a workshop in the German Wremen with as subject the

More information

The Psychology of Parking Tineke Hof, M. Sc. TNO Human Factors

The Psychology of Parking Tineke Hof, M. Sc. TNO Human Factors The Psychology of Parking Tineke Hof, M. Sc. TNO Human Factors TNO knowledge for business To apply scientific knowledge with the aim of strengthening the innovative power of industry and government. Expertise:

More information

Cardiff Council Travel Planning Resources A Guide to Travel Surveys. A Guide to Travel Surveys

Cardiff Council Travel Planning Resources A Guide to Travel Surveys. A Guide to Travel Surveys A Guide to Travel Surveys 1 2009 Contents 1. Introduction to Travel Surveys 2. Sample Snapshot Travel Survey 3. Sample Travel Survey 4. Analysing Travel Survey data 5. Using Travel Survey data in developing

More information

Implementation of Incident Management on secondary roads in The Netherlands

Implementation of Incident Management on secondary roads in The Netherlands Implementation of Incident Management on secondary roads in The Netherlands Ronald Jorna, Mobycon Aad van Velden, Province of Zuid-Holland Madelon Peelen, Province of Noord-Brabant Arthur Rietkerk, Province

More information

National Travel Surveys in Finland

National Travel Surveys in Finland XXVII International Baltic Road Conference August 24-26, Riga National Travel Surveys in Finland Tytti Viinikainen Sociologist, MSocSc Finnish National Road Administration tytti.viinikainen@tiehallinto.fi

More information

CALL TEXT for: STEPPING STONES Best Practices for making Mobility Patterns more Sustainable

CALL TEXT for: STEPPING STONES Best Practices for making Mobility Patterns more Sustainable CALL TEXT for: STEPPING STONES Best Practices for making Mobility Patterns more Sustainable Introduction The German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development, the National Centre for

More information

Evaluation Of Free Bicycle Project In Wuhan, China. Yuhan Wang

Evaluation Of Free Bicycle Project In Wuhan, China. Yuhan Wang Evaluation Of Free Bicycle Project In Wuhan, China Yuhan Wang Professional Project Report Department of Urban & Regional Planning University of Wisconsin Madison April, 2015 Table of Contents Executive

More information

Horizon Research. Auckland Harbour Bridge Pathway

Horizon Research. Auckland Harbour Bridge Pathway Horizon Research Harbour Bridge Pathway 4 February 2013 Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY... 1 1. Support for the Harbour Bridge Pathway concept... 5 2. Trips and frequency of use... 5 2.1 First year... 5 2.2

More information

Acknowledgments. Luis Martínez

Acknowledgments. Luis Martínez INNOVATIVE TRANSPORT SERVICES FOR HIGH QUALITY MOBILITY IN SUSTAINABLE CITIES Acknowledgments Luis Martínez MIT Portugal SCUSSE Project (Smart Combination of passenger transport modes and services in Urban

More information

High Mileage Moms - The Report

High Mileage Moms - The Report High Mileage Moms - The Report Mothers are spending more time behind the wheel than ever before, and this is leaving less time for the rest of their lives, for everything from playing with children to

More information

Vienna/Fairfax GMU Metro Station Intermodal Accessibility Measure Study Technical Report

Vienna/Fairfax GMU Metro Station Intermodal Accessibility Measure Study Technical Report Vienna/Fairfax GMU Metro Station Intermodal Accessibility Measure Study Technical Report Prepared for: Office of Intermodal Planning and Investment Prepared by: Michael Baker Inc., CDM Smith Inc., Renaissance

More information

How can the rehabilitation clinic anticipate to the different phases of rehabilitation?

How can the rehabilitation clinic anticipate to the different phases of rehabilitation? Reflection P4 Tom Bleijswijk 1524402 Graduation studio The Healthy Environment, the Architecture of the Interior Mentors: Eireen Schreurs & Mechthild Stuhlmacher Building Technology mentor: Maarten Meijs

More information

EuroVelo. the European cycle route network. European Certification Standard

EuroVelo. the European cycle route network. European Certification Standard EuroVelo the European cycle route network European Certification Standard July 2013 2 3 Improve the quality of EuroVelo, the European cycle route network, by identifying critical deficiencies in the network

More information

College of Charleston 2011 Campus Transportation Study Analysis of Commuting Habits and Recommendations

College of Charleston 2011 Campus Transportation Study Analysis of Commuting Habits and Recommendations College of Charleston 2011 Campus Transportation Study Analysis of Commuting Habits and Recommendations P. Brian Fisher, Ph.D. and Erin McAdams, Ph.D. College of Charleston, Office of Sustainability Fall

More information

Bicycle Transportation at UMass. Matt Brewster Dave Miller

Bicycle Transportation at UMass. Matt Brewster Dave Miller Bicycle Transportation at UMass Matt Brewster Dave Miller Introduction Objective Observations of the As-Is Network Research Findings Current Problems Recommended Solutions Costs of Improvement Conclusion

More information

RandstadRail: Increase in Public Transport Quality by Controlling Operations

RandstadRail: Increase in Public Transport Quality by Controlling Operations RandstadRail: Increase in Public Transport Quality by Controlling Operations Niels van Oort HTM, Urban public transport, Research and development P.O. Box 28503, 2502 KM The Hague, The Netherlands, e-mail:

More information

Car, bus, bike or train: What were the main means of travel to work?

Car, bus, bike or train: What were the main means of travel to work? Car, bus, bike or train: What were the main means of travel to work? Highlights Between the 1996 and 2006 Censuses, an increasing proportion of people used a car to travel to work. Approximately 25 percent

More information

Prosperity and well-being in Northern Ireland

Prosperity and well-being in Northern Ireland Our proposals for your manifesto 2016 Prosperity and well-being in Northern Ireland The actions needed to get more people walking, cycling and using public transport Why Sustrans work is relevant: Sustrans

More information

1. REPORT CONTEXT Description of the development (include all of the following that are known at the time of the application):

1. REPORT CONTEXT Description of the development (include all of the following that are known at the time of the application): Transportation Assessment and Management Study Guidelines for Consultants INTRODUCTION This document is intended to provide guidelines for transportation consultants who produce Transportation reports

More information

BICYCLE TRENDS IN CAMBRIDGE

BICYCLE TRENDS IN CAMBRIDGE BICYCLE TRENDS IN CAMBRIDGE Cambridge promotes bicycling as a healthy, environmentally friendly way of getting around as an important part of the City's efforts to improve mobility and protect our environment.

More information

Recommendations for regional cycling developments of Budapest metropolitan area

Recommendations for regional cycling developments of Budapest metropolitan area Recommendations for regional cycling developments of Budapest metropolitan area European Union European Regional Development Fund Transport challenges in metropolitan regions: The Catch-MR project Transport

More information

Trends and issues Lake Te Koutu walkway, Cambridge

Trends and issues Lake Te Koutu walkway, Cambridge 27 Trends and issues Lake Te Koutu walkway, Cambridge 3 Trends 3.1 Journey to work Over the past two to three decades there has been a significant increase in private vehicle ownership and usage and a

More information

Survey of urban US pedestrian and bicycle projects

Survey of urban US pedestrian and bicycle projects Presentation to Engineers Australia Survey of urban US pedestrian and bicycle projects Rebecca.Lehman@gta.com.au Tuesday 23 July 2013 2 3 4 5 Premise for this presentation People choose to walk and cycle

More information

PEDESTRIAN PLANNING AND DESIGN MARK BRUSSEL

PEDESTRIAN PLANNING AND DESIGN MARK BRUSSEL PEDESTRIAN PLANNING AND DESIGN MARK BRUSSEL CONTENT OF LECTURE a) Walking as a transport mode b) Walking in Sub Sahara Africa c) Policies for pedestrians d) Pedestrian characteristics e) Network planning

More information

Prepared by Active and Safe Routes to School Manitoba A program of Green Action Centre

Prepared by Active and Safe Routes to School Manitoba A program of Green Action Centre Traffic Survey and Neighbourhood Walkabout Questionnaire Prepared by Active and Safe Routes to School Manitoba A program of Green Action Centre Identifying specific transportation and safety issues at

More information

Bas de Geus* Een prospectieve cohort studie van lichte fietsongevallen in het woon-werkverkeer in België

Bas de Geus* Een prospectieve cohort studie van lichte fietsongevallen in het woon-werkverkeer in België Een prospectieve cohort studie van lichte fietsongevallen in het woon-werkverkeer in België Bas de Geus* G. Vandenbulcke**, L. Int Panis***, I. Thomas**, B. Degraeuwe***, E. Cumps* J. Aertsens***, R. Torfs***,

More information

Cycling 100. TravelSmart fact sheet WHAT IS CYCLING 100? Department of Transport Department of Health

Cycling 100. TravelSmart fact sheet WHAT IS CYCLING 100? Department of Transport Department of Health Department of Transport Department of Health TravelSmart fact sheet Cycling 100 WHAT IS CYCLING 100? Cycling 100 provides employees with all they need to leave their car at home and start riding to work

More information

RBC-Pembina Home Location Study. Understanding where Greater Toronto Area residents prefer to live

RBC-Pembina Home Location Study. Understanding where Greater Toronto Area residents prefer to live RBC-Pembina Home Location Study Understanding where Greater Toronto Area residents prefer to live RBC-Pembina Home Location Study: Understanding where Greater Toronto Area residents prefer to live July

More information

Residential Development Travel Plan

Residential Development Travel Plan Residential Development Travel Plan A Template for Developers Name of Development (Address) Name of Developer (Contact Details) Date of Travel Plan For office use: Planning reference.. /.. /.. Residential

More information

CHAPTER 3 VISION & GOALS

CHAPTER 3 VISION & GOALS CHAPTER 3 D R AF T VISION & GOALS 03 AF T VISIONS & GOALS Bike Plan Community Meeting D R Houston has a passionate bicycling community of all ages, abilities and backgrounds. To develop the overall vision

More information

SCARBOROUGH CENTRE Mobility Hub Profile

SCARBOROUGH CENTRE Mobility Hub Profile Mobility Hub Profile Dundas Scarborough West-Bloor Centre Anchor Hub Gateway Hub N MOBILITY HUBS: Places of connectivity between regional and rapid transit services, where different modes of transportation

More information

Calgary Transportation Plan. Chris Blaschuk Manager, Transportation Strategy Presentation to Partners in Planning April 5, 2014

Calgary Transportation Plan. Chris Blaschuk Manager, Transportation Strategy Presentation to Partners in Planning April 5, 2014 Calgary Transportation Plan Chris Blaschuk Manager, Transportation Strategy Presentation to Partners in Planning April 5, 2014 CTP Overview The Calgary Transportation Plan aims to make it easier to travel

More information

PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN SMALL TOWNS AN AREA WITH GREAT POTENTIAL

PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN SMALL TOWNS AN AREA WITH GREAT POTENTIAL PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN SMALL TOWNS AN AREA WITH GREAT POTENTIAL Andreas Persson Department of Technology and Society, Lund Institute of Technology Sweden 1. INTRODUCTION The project Attractive Public Transport

More information

Traffic Safety Game Show Bicycle Safety lesson 2 of 3 Grade level: 4

Traffic Safety Game Show Bicycle Safety lesson 2 of 3 Grade level: 4 Traffic Safety Game Show Bicycle Safety lesson 2 of 3 Grade level: 4 Subject Area: Physical Education, Health Skill Set: Bicycle Safety Introduction This is the second of three bicycle safety lessons.

More information

Experiences and Best Practices Bike Commuting

Experiences and Best Practices Bike Commuting Experiences and Best Practices Bike Commuting Esbjerg Kommune 01-11-2010 Contents Experiences based on the papers from the participating municipalities... 3 Campaigns and other initiatives... 3 Surveys...

More information

An innovative method for longitudinal travel data collection, the MPN Netherlands Mobility Panel

An innovative method for longitudinal travel data collection, the MPN Netherlands Mobility Panel Foto: Marcel Hoogeveen An innovative method for longitudinal travel data collection, the MPN Netherlands Mobility Panel Sascha Hoogendoorn-Lanser, Nina Schaap, Marie-José Olde Kalter, and Paul van Beek

More information

Market Analysis Retail Housing Office [CITY OF BERLIN MARKET ANALYSIS] City of Berlin, Wisconsin

Market Analysis Retail Housing Office [CITY OF BERLIN MARKET ANALYSIS] City of Berlin, Wisconsin 2013 Market Analysis Retail Housing Office [CITY OF BERLIN MARKET ANALYSIS] City of Berlin, Wisconsin Executive Summary Berlin is a community of roughly 5,500 residents, located along the Fox River in

More information

Delivering the benefits of cycling in Outer London*

Delivering the benefits of cycling in Outer London* * Putting cycling at the heart of local public service delivery This is an exciting time for cycling. It is at the heart of the Mayor s Transport Strategy (MTS) and some London boroughs are already leading

More information

Bicycle riding and new subdivision design

Bicycle riding and new subdivision design Bicycle riding and new subdivision design Purpose This note aims to raise awareness of approaches available to improve conditions for bicycle riders in design and planning of new subdivisions. The note

More information

STEP 5: Giving Feedback

STEP 5: Giving Feedback STEP 5: Giving Feedback Introduction You are now aware of the responsibilities of workplace mentoring, the six step approach to teaching skills, the importance of identifying the point of the lesson, and

More information

GUIDELINES FOR IMPLEMENTING MOBILITY MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES IN COMPANIES

GUIDELINES FOR IMPLEMENTING MOBILITY MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES IN COMPANIES GUIDELINES FOR IMPLEMENTING MOBILITY MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES IN COMPANIES The following information is intended to offer a quick introduction to the topic of mobility management in companies. It outlines

More information

{insert employer} Employee Transportation Survey

{insert employer} Employee Transportation Survey {insert employer} Employee Transportation Survey {insert employer} is working with TransLink to broaden the range of commuting alternatives available to its employees. To do this, we need to know your

More information

ARE WE THERE YET? TRANSPORT AND TRAVEL

ARE WE THERE YET? TRANSPORT AND TRAVEL ARE WE THERE YET? TRANSPORT AND TRAVEL Introduction Transport is a crucial component of everyday life in Northern Ireland. It facilitates business, commerce, social and cultural activity and impacts on

More information

BEST PRACTICES IN INFRASTRUCTURE DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABLE SAFETY PROF. DR. MARTIN VAN MAARSEVEEN

BEST PRACTICES IN INFRASTRUCTURE DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABLE SAFETY PROF. DR. MARTIN VAN MAARSEVEEN BEST PRACTICES IN INFRASTRUCTURE DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABLE SAFETY PROF. DR. MARTIN VAN MAARSEVEEN OBJECTIVES OF THIS LECTURE After this lecture participants should be able to: Understand the aims, approach

More information

Child and Family Friendliness on the North Shore:

Child and Family Friendliness on the North Shore: Child and Family Friendliness on the North Shore: Perspectives of Parents from the District of West Vancouver Prepared by: Denise Buote, Arbor Educational and Clinical Consulting Inc. Prepared for: The

More information

Long-Term Care Insurance:

Long-Term Care Insurance: The Prudential Insurance Company of America 2011 Long-Term Care Insurance: A Piece of the Retirement & Estate Planning Puzzle IRA Pension 401(k) Annuities Long-Term Care Insurance Life Insurance Social

More information

One-way carsharing: which alternative to private cars?

One-way carsharing: which alternative to private cars? One-way carsharing: which alternative to private cars? Results of the first major survey about the impact of a one-way carsharing service (the case of Autolib in Paris) This study, conducted by 6t bureau

More information

WINTER CYCLING in EDMONTON

WINTER CYCLING in EDMONTON WINTER CYCLING in EDMONTON Can User Perspective Inform Infrastructure Design and Management? By: Dianne Gillespie http://www.mec.ca/ast/contentprimary/learn/cycling/introtocycling/wintercycling.jsp http://www.edmontonexaminer.com/2014/09/24/big-tires-on-fatbikes-make-for-a-sturdier-and-safer-ride-in-edmontons-winter

More information

Summary ... 113 Summary

Summary ... 113 Summary Summary... Train travel increases During the 2000-2020 period, train travel is expected to increase by an average of 0.9% to 1.5% per year. Although outpacing actual growth during the 1991-2006 period

More information

School-related traffic congestion is a problem in

School-related traffic congestion is a problem in SCHOOL TRANSPORTATION Automated Vehicle Location for School Buses Can the Benefits Influence Choice of Mode for School Trips? TORI D. RHOULAC The author is Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering,

More information

ONLINE DATABASE ON GOOD PRACTICES. http://activecitizenship.net/bp/2013/form/new.php

ONLINE DATABASE ON GOOD PRACTICES. http://activecitizenship.net/bp/2013/form/new.php ONLINE DATABASE ON GOOD PRACTICES http://activecitizenship.net/bp/2013/form/new.php - GOOD PRACTICES- What is a Good Practice? Good practices are actions whose very nature is the impact on the quality

More information

Capital Region of Denmark. Capital Region of Denmark REGIONAL CYCLING REPORT

Capital Region of Denmark. Capital Region of Denmark REGIONAL CYCLING REPORT Capital Region of Denmark Capital Region of Denmark REGIONAL CYCLING REPORT Content 50 Foreword 60 Regional differences: we cycle in the Capital Region of Denmark 10 Cycling is healthy 13 Cycling reduces

More information

FASTER. EASIER. COOLER.

FASTER. EASIER. COOLER. FASTER. EASIER. COOLER. BiTiBi FACT SHEETS The sole responsibility for the content of this publication etc lies with the authors. It does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Union. Neither

More information