PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN SMALL TOWNS AN AREA WITH GREAT POTENTIAL

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN SMALL TOWNS AN AREA WITH GREAT POTENTIAL"

Transcription

1 PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN SMALL TOWNS AN AREA WITH GREAT POTENTIAL Andreas Persson Department of Technology and Society, Lund Institute of Technology Sweden 1. INTRODUCTION The project Attractive Public Transport in small cities Requirements and possibilities in attracting more passengers started in the year 2000 at the department of Technology and Society at Lund Institute of Technology. Important aims of the project are to find the similarities and differences between the conditions in small and large towns and to find a suitable planning strategy for the small town traffic. The first thing to do is to define what a small town is. There are about 60 Swedish towns with less than inhabitants with a public transport system of their own. The Stockholm area is excluded, since the towns here are functionally linked to the urban area. Since there is a gap between the largest town in the less than inh. group and the rest of the Swedish towns this is a natural and practical definition. The attractiveness of a public transport system depends on many different factors. These have been studied in detail for example by Sjöstrand (2001), Norheim & Stangeby (1993) and Widlert et al. (1989). Sjöstrand and Norheim & Stangeby show the relative weight for in-vehicle time, walking time, headway and transfers in Göteborg and Oslo (table 1), while Widlert et al. have investigated the willingness to pay for different quality factors (table 2). Relative weight Göteborg (Sjöstrand) Oslo (Norheim & Stangeby) In-vehicle Walk Headway Transfer-time Table 1: Relative time weights for passengers in Göteborg and Oslo

2 Factor: Willingness to pay (SEK): Better punctuality Transfer Rain shelter at bus stop Real time information at bus stop Not getting a seat on the bus (2 min) Not getting a seat on the bus (10 min) Table 2: The willingness to pay for some of the factors investigated by Wilnert et al. Studies like these provide valuable information about which factors to improve in public transport. Most of these results are based on research projects that have been carried out in large or medium-sized cities. It is therefore interesting to study if these results also can be applied on public transport in small towns, or if the conditions differ so that other factors become more important. There are also differences between the public transport passengers in big and small towns. In this paper a national survey carried out by the Swedish Public Transport Association is used to identify some of these differences. The variables that are investigated are age, gender, travel frequency and general attitudes towards public transport. In Hässleholm and Ängelholm, two small Swedish towns with about and inhabitants respectively, the bus systems were changed in July The main idea was to provide traffic with higher frequency. In Hässleholm the routes were also changed and the central bus terminal was moved to a more attractive location. The number of passengers has increased since the changes and this was studied using time series analysis. An inquiry was also carried out among the passengers aiming to find attitudes about the changes and how the changes have influenced their travel behavior. 2. DIFFERENT CONDITIONS IN SMALL TOWNS Comparing geographic and demographic factors in the small towns with other Swedish towns give valuable information about differences concerning planning conditions for the public transport system. It is for example known that high population density makes it easier to provide an effective transport solution. In Swedish small towns the mean population density is 1550 inh/km 2 compared to 2400 inh/km 2 in the 13 largest towns (SCB, 2003). The total

3 number of inhabitants in the town is also of importance, since more people provide a larger basis for the public transport. The distances within the town are shorter in small town. This makes walking and cycling more attractive compared to going by bus. In Hässleholm, the distance from a peripheral housing area to the town centre is approximately 1.9 km. This distance takes about 6 minutes to travel by bike while a bus trip from the same area takes 12 minutes. This gives a quotient between travelling time with bus and bicycle of 2.0. For a similar housing area in Malmö, Sweden s third largest town, the distance is 5.2 km. The travelling time by bus is 24 minutes and by bike 16 minutes, giving a quotient of 1.5. The headway in Malmö is in the example 8 minutes while it is 30 minutes in Hässleholm. With the waiting time and the hidden waiting time included the difference between bicycle and bus is even bigger in Hässleholm. Walking and cycling are the most environmental friendly means of transport, so the aim should not be to get pedestrians and cyclists to take the bus. Nevertheless it is an important factor that can explain differences between the towns. Other strictly geographic factors that can make an impact on the number of passengers in the public transport system are topography, the shape of the town and the presence of barriers such as rivers or big traffic routes. These factors should not differ much between small and large towns. 3. PASSENGERS OPINIONS ABOUT PUBLIC TRANSPORT There are also differences between the passengers and their attitudes towards public transport in small and big towns. The Swedish Public Transport Association carries out a national survey every year (SLTF 2003) randomly chosen people aged between 15 and 70 are telephone interviewed about their opinion on public transport in their town. Background data about the respondent is also collected. In this paper data from three surveys ( ) have been used and divided into two groups, one with people living in small towns and one with people living in the 13 biggest towns. In the latter group the interviews from Stockholm have been excluded since both the public transport system and the answers in the survey differs significantly from the others in the group. This gives interviews in the first group and in the second. There is a big difference in how big share of the respondents that actually use the public transport. In the big town group 36 % use public transport at least a few times a month while in the small town group only 21 % say they do. The share that has access to a car differs between the groups. In small towns it is 88 % but in big towns only 76 %. In big towns 59 % of the respondents that have access to a car use the public transport at least a few times a month. In small towns this share is only 35 %. This indicates that public transport have better possibilities to compete with the car in the big towns.

4 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 88% Small towns 76% Big towns Figure 1: Percentage with access to car 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 35% Small towns 59% Big towns Figure 2: Percentage with access to car, but using public transport at least a few times a month There is also a big difference in how attractive the public transport is for work trips. In small towns only 34 % of the employed use public transport at least a few times a month. In big towns that share is 55 %. 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 34% Small towns 55% Big towns Figure 3: Percentage of employed using public transport at least a few times a month In the next part of the survey the respondents were asked to what extent they agree about certain statements. The first statement was I am pleased with the public transport all in all. In the small town group 54 % answered that they are pleased or very pleased. The corresponding figure for the big town group

5 was 57 %. There were many other interesting differences between the answers from the two groups. These are shown in table 3. Statements that people in small towns agree to a higher extent - The bus stops and the stations are well-managed - The vehicles are neat and tidy - The driver s behaviour is nice - It is comfortable to travel - It feels safe to travel - Information about delays and temporary changes is good. Statements that people in big towns agree to a higher extent - It is easy to get information about times of departures - It is easy to buy tickets - The bus stops and stations are near by - The times of departures are suitable for my needs - The bus routes go the nearest way - The information about changes of timetables or routes is good. - It is easy to travel Table 3: Statement to which people in small and big towns agree to a different extent It is obvious that public transport in small towns is better than in big town in certain aspects. Service and comfort factors generally get higher marks, while factors connected to travel speed and the design of bus routes get higher marks in the big towns. The fact that the big town group to a higher degree is pleased with the public transport indicates that these factors are of great importance. One way to calculate how important the different factors are is to study the correlation coefficients between the answers on the different statements and the answer on the question how pleased they are all in all. The higher correlated the factors are, the more important they are for the all in all mark. The five most important factors in small town public transport according to this method are shown in table 4. The correlation coefficient and the percentage of the respondents who are pleased or very pleased with the factor are also shown.

6 Factor Percentage pleased or very pleased Correlation coefficient Simplicity 65 % 0,64 Times of departures 39 % 0,51 Sensitivity to complaints 28 % 0,49 Design of bus routes 46 % 0,48 Travel speed 55 % 0,47 Table 4: The five most important factors in small town public transport according to this analysis One problem with this method is that it calculates which factors that are most important for the marks in the survey. It is not obvious that these correspond with the most important factors to achieve a successful public transport system or to increase the number of passengers. 4. PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN SMALL TOWNS TODAY In all the 60 Swedish small towns in this study the public transport system consists of a bus system, often with focus on short walking distances and good area coverage, naturally at the expense of travel times and frequency of departures. The typical frequency is one bus an hour or in some cases half an hour. On weekends the traffic in most of the towns is limited to the minimum if any at all. In many of the towns the bus routes are designed as loops, something that in most cases lead to long travel times. If the loop always is operated in the same direction the passengers living in the beginning or the end of the loop have to travel all the way around in one of the directions. Figure 4 shows three typical small town bus systems from the towns Mora, Ludvika and Lidköping.

7 Figure 4: The bus systems in Mora, Ludvika and Lidköping One way of measuring the success of public transport is the number of trips per inhabitant and year. For the Swedish small towns there are big differences between the towns. The town with the highest number of trips have more than ten times as many trips as the ones with the lowest numbers. Table 5 shows number of inhabitants, population density, number of bus routes, average headway and number of trips per inhabitant and year for ten Swedish small towns. Even though Karlskrona is the biggest town and has the highest number of trips, population and population density don t seem to be the most important factors. It is instead a combination of many bus routes and high frequency that gives a high number of trips.

8 Town Inhabitants Population density Number of routes Average headway Trips per inh. and year Karlskrona min 79 Hudiksvall min 43 Bollnäs min 27 Ludvika min 23 Mora min 21 Ängelholm min 13 Avesta min 10 Hässleholm min 8 Lidköping min 7 Allingsås min 4 Table 5: Data from 10 of the studied towns Fredriksson et al. (2000) showed examples of small towns in Europe with successful and attractive bus systems. Common factors for these are few and simple bus routes, high frequency and a well designed central terminal where passengers easily can change to other routes. These towns have a considerable higher number of bus trips per inhabitant and year than the Swedish towns of the same size. This indicates that factors that they have concentrated on are of great importance for the attractiveness and consequently the number of passengers using the public transport system. In figure 5 the bus systems in the German towns Lindau and Lemgo are shown. Table 6 shows the same data for the German towns as table 5 does for the Swedish towns. Figure 5: The bus system in Lindau and Lemgo

9 Town Inhabitants Population density Number of routes Average headway Trips per inh. and year Lindau min 112 Lemgo min 75 Table 6: Data from two German towns with a high number of passengers The population density is higher in Lemgo than in any of the Swedish towns, and in Lindau it is higher than most of the Swedish town. This might of course be one important reason why the number of trips is higher, but there is also a difference in average headway between the groups. The travel speed is not visible in the tables but the differences in the design of the bus routes indicates that the routes are faster in Lemgo and Lindau than in the Swedish towns. 5. EVALUATING IMPROVEMENTS IN TWO SWEDISH TOWNS In the Swedish towns Hässleholm and Ängelholm the public transport company recently changed the bus system to make it more attractive and to increase the number of passengers. In Ängelholm the headway was changed from 60 to 30 minutes and in Hässleholm the headway was set to 30 minutes on all of the routes and the routes through the central parts of the town was changed. Also the central bus terminal was moved to a more attractive place in front of the railway station. With the changes the two towns improved the travel speed for the passengers, principally by improving the frequency of departures. In Hässleholm simplicity and travel speed on board the bus also was improved. As mentioned before these are important factors to the passengers. Figure 6: The old bus system in Hässleholm to the left and the new to the right In Ängelholm the number of passengers was increasing already before the changes were made. This is rather unusual for Swedish towns of the same

10 size, and it is not completely clear why the trend is so positive. The public transport company is working to increase the quality factors and this might be one reason. Another reason might be the increasing number of passengers travelling with the regional trains. Since the same ticket is used on the local bus, the bus-trip is free when you have the train ticket. In Hässleholm there was no obvious trend before the changes were made. To find out how much of the increase of passengers that depend on the changes made in the traffic, a time series analysis was made. Factors that are known to influence the demand for public transport were collected for a period of 55 months (35 months before and 20 months after the changes took place). To calculate the number of trips per inhabitant and month a multiple linear regression was made (Blom, 1970): y = k 0 + S k i * x i + e where y = number of trips per inhabitant k 0 = constant for the model k i = constant for the factor i x i = factor i e = error term The factors that were tested in the model were: Calendar data (number of working days per month) Temperature (SMHI, 2003) Ticket price Gasoline price (SCB, 2003) Industrial production (SCB, 2003) Dummy factor for the month June Dummy factor for the changes A regression was then made over the 55 months to find a model that describes the number of monthly trips as accurate as possible. To decide which factors to use in the model the adjusted R-square was studied. This shows how well the model describes the variation in data with a figure between 0 and 1. The closer to 1 the R-square is, the better the model is. The adjusted R-square is used because the R-square value overestimates the model when many factors are used. Another measure of the quality of the model is the t-value for every factor. If a factor is to be decided with a confidence level of 95 % the t-value should be higher than Factors with a lower t-value than 1.96 and factors that made the adjusted R-square lower when added to the model were excluded from the final model. As mentioned before there was an increasing number of passengers already before the changes took place in Ängelholm. To deal with this increase a

11 factor called general increase was introduced in the model. In the final model these factors are used: Adjusted R-square: Model parameter t-value k Number of working days Average temperature General increase Dummy for June Dummy for the changes Table 7: The model for monthly trips per inhabitant in Ängelholm In figure 7 the actual number of trips and the calculated number of trips are shown over the period. Number of trips per inh. and month in Ängelholm 2 1,8 1,6 1,4 1,2 1 Calculated Actual trips 0,8 0,6 0, Figure 7: Number of trips calculated by the model compared to actual trips over the period July -98 to February -03. In Hässleholm the number of passengers is calculated in two different ways over the period. During the first period, from 1999 to 2000, some of the regional bus routes were added to the passenger statistics. To deal with this, a dummy called method change has been introduced in the model in January 2001, giving the final model:

12 Adjusted R-square: Model parameter t-value k Number of working days Average temperature Dummy for June Dummy for method change Dummy for the changes Table 8: The model for monthly trips per inhabitant in Hässleholm Number of trips per inh. and month in Hässleholm 1,8 1,6 1,4 1,2 1,0 0,8 0,6 0,4 0,2 0, Calculated Actual trips Figure 8: Number of trips calculated by the model compared to actual trips over the period January -99 to February -03. The model parameter for the changes shows how many new passengers there are because of the changes. In Ängelholm the parameter is 0.156, meaning that the number of trips per inhabitant and month has increased by This gives about new passengers a month or a 13 % increase. For Hässleholm the parameter was 0.408, the increase in number of passenger a month was or 37 %. The number of trips per inhabitant and year, which were shown in table 5, has increased from 13 to 15 in Ängelholm and from 8 to 13 in Hässleholm. To find out more about the passengers opinions an inquiry was made on board the buses. This was done on a weekday from to so that most of the passengers were given the chance to answer. The inquiry was designed to be answered on the bus during the trip, but it was also possible to

13 send it in by mail. This led to a high response rate; over 90 % of the questionnaires that were handed out came back. Approximately % of the passengers refused to take a questionnaire when entering the bus, so the total response rate was about 70 %. First some background data such as age, gender and errand for the trip was collected. Figure 9 shows the age of the passengers in the two towns. The share of people under 18 is remarkable in Hässleholm, with 50 % being under 18. In Ängelholm the passengers are more scattered between the age groups. Percentage of passengers in age groups in Hässleholm Percentage of passengers in age groups in Ängelholm Age Age Figure 9: Age of passengers in the two towns In Hässleholm 64 % of the passengers were women and in Ängelholm 75 %. This is not anything unusual, but it shows that it is harder to get men to take the bus, especially when they have a driver s license. In the under 18 group the distribution according to gender is much more balanced. Most of the trips are made from the outskirts to the central parts of the town, or the other way around. Around 80 % of the passengers get on or off at one of the central stops. In Hässleholm the new central bus stop is highly frequented with about 75 % of the passengers getting on or off. Passengers that stated that they travel more by bus than before the changes were asked how they travelled before. The result is shown in figure 10.

14 Hässleholm Ängelholm Car 19% Bus 27% Taxi 4% Walk or bike 50% Mobilty service 6% Car 17% Bus 17% Taxi 5% Walk or bike 55% Figure 10: How the new passengers travelled before the changes In Ängelholm, the share of older passengers is bigger than in Hässleholm. That explains why the new passengers to a higher extent travelled by taxi or mobility service before. In both towns about one fifth of the new passengers are former car users. The inquiry was done during a period of cold weather in December. This is probably one reason why the share that usually goes by foot or bike is so big. 14 % of the passengers in Ängelholm and 21 % in Hässleholm stated that they could have used the car for this particular trip. 6. DISCUSSION Many things indicate that it is harder to design an effective public transport system in a small town. The population and population density have been mentioned and the fact that the average trip length is shorter in small towns makes walking and cycling more attractive. Another important difference between small and big towns is that in the small town the needs from different costumer groups must be met in one single system. In bigger town you can often provide a separate service net for people that need shorter walking distances and maybe express routes during rush hours. The small town bus systems that are used in many Swedish towns are not attractive to commuters and other passengers that prioritize short travel time. Important incentives for public transport investments are to deal with congestion and pollution. These problems don t appear to such an extent in the small towns. It is therefore important to show other advantages such as providing mobility for people that don t have access to a car or who are unable to walk or cycle. Even if the pollution problem is smaller in small towns it would be good for the environment to reduce car traffic.

15 The results from the two Swedish towns in this study show that it is possible to increase the number of passengers using public transport. The fact that some towns in other parts of Europe have a much higher number of passengers and that the number of passengers in the Swedish towns differ so much also indicates a big potential. 24 of the 60 Swedish towns have less than 10 trips per inhabitant and year. It ought not to take too much effort to increase the number of passengers in these towns. Results from the inquiry, the high number of passengers in the other European towns and the increase of passengers in the two Swedish towns indicate that travel speed, simplicity and headway are important factors to improve in the small towns. 7. REFERENCES Blom, G. (1970) Statistikteori med tillämpningar, Studentlitteratur, Lund, Sweden. Fredriksson, L., Wendle, B. and Möller, J. (2000) Attraktiv kollektivtrafik i små städer Förutsättningar och möjligheter för ett ökat resande. Förstudie, Bulletin 194, Lund University, Lund Institute of Technology, Department of Technology and Society, Traffic planning. Lund, Sweden. Norheim, B. and Stangeby, I. (1993) Bedre kollektivtransport Oslotrafikanternas versettning av høyere standard, TØI Rapport 167/1993, Oslo, Norway SCB, (2003) Sweden s statistical databases, Sweden Sjöstrand, H. (2001) Passenger assessments of quality in local public transport measurement, variability and planning implications, Bulletin 202, Lund University, Lund Institute of Technology, Department of Technology and Society, Traffic planning. Lund, Sweden. SLTF, (2003) Kollektivtrafikbarometern, report generated from the database, Sweden SMHI, (2003) Statistics from the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Sweden Widlert, S., Gärling, T. and Uhlin, S. (1989) Värdering av kollektivtrafikens standard, TFB-rapport 1989:2, Transportforskningsberedningen, Stockholm, Sweden.

Urban structure and travel behaviour

Urban structure and travel behaviour Summary: Urban structure and travel behaviour TØI Report 1178/2011 Author(s): Øystein Engebretsen and Petter Christiansen Oslo 2011, 64 pages Norwegian language Travel behaviour in urban areas is determined

More information

Explaining walking distance to public transport: the dominance of public transport supply

Explaining walking distance to public transport: the dominance of public transport supply Explaining walking distance to public transport: the dominance of public transport supply World Symposium on Transport and Land Use Research, 28-30 July 2011 Dr Rhonda Daniels and Professor Corinne Mulley

More information

A targeted market strategy for tram and metro in Oslo?

A targeted market strategy for tram and metro in Oslo? TØI report 65/23 Authors: Jon-Terje Bekken, Bård Norheim, Frode Longva Oslo 23, 47 pages Norwegian language Summary: A targeted market strategy for tram and metro in Oslo? Object and background Oslo has

More information

Appendix 3: Example Travel Survey

Appendix 3: Example Travel Survey Appendix 3: Example Travel Survey Before putting together your Travel Plan you will need to complete a staff travel survey so that you know how employees currently travel to work and why they travel the

More information

Transport Demand Management

Transport Demand Management CITIES ON THE MOVE WORLD BANK URBAN TRANSPORT STRATEGY REVIEW Regional Consultation Workshop ECA and MENA Budapest, February 28 - March 1, 2001 Transport Demand Management Selected Experiences from Germany

More information

One Year Review of Blue Line (NE) LRT Extension: Martindale Station, Saddletowne Station, and Transit Service Changes

One Year Review of Blue Line (NE) LRT Extension: Martindale Station, Saddletowne Station, and Transit Service Changes One Year Review of Blue Line (NE) LRT Extension: Martindale Station, Saddletowne Station, and Transit Service Changes Transit Planning Calgary Transit 2013 August Summary On August 27, 2012, Calgary Transit

More information

Passenger Opinion Survey for Citybus Limited (Franchise for Airport and North Lantau Bus Network) - Report - Conducted and Prepared by

Passenger Opinion Survey for Citybus Limited (Franchise for Airport and North Lantau Bus Network) - Report - Conducted and Prepared by Transport Department Passenger Opinion Survey for Citybus Limited (Franchise for Airport and North Lantua Bus Network) - Report - Conducted and Prepared by July 2011 Table of Content 1 Background & Objective...3

More information

Survey of urban US pedestrian and bicycle projects

Survey of urban US pedestrian and bicycle projects Presentation to Engineers Australia Survey of urban US pedestrian and bicycle projects Rebecca.Lehman@gta.com.au Tuesday 23 July 2013 2 3 4 5 Premise for this presentation People choose to walk and cycle

More information

Getting people on board!

Getting people on board! Getting people on board! Using active mobility consultancy to promote public transport use in rural areas www.smartmove-project.eu Growing challenges The EU-funded SmartMove project is working to advance

More information

Description of the policy packages which are included in the combined evaluations

Description of the policy packages which are included in the combined evaluations TØI report 810/2005 Author(s): Katrine Næss Kjørstad and Bård Norheim Oslo 2005, 34 pages, Norwegian language Summary: Lessons Learned from the Combined Public Transport Experiments in Norway During the

More information

Benchmarking in European Service of public Transport. BEST Survey 2012 City report: Helsinki

Benchmarking in European Service of public Transport. BEST Survey 2012 City report: Helsinki Benchmarking in European Service of public Transport BEST Survey 2012 City report: Content 1. About the survey 2. How to read the graphs 3. Main results Best performing city/region per index Results per

More information

and 7 Queensland Transport, Moving People Connecting Communities: A Passenger Transport Strategy for Queensland 2007 2017, 2006

and 7 Queensland Transport, Moving People Connecting Communities: A Passenger Transport Strategy for Queensland 2007 2017, 2006 and 7 Key result area 1 Shaping the future Developing new products and services, planning and behavioural change 1. Change behaviour to encourage sustainable transport choices To develop an awareness of

More information

Evaluation of BRT-projects in Sweden

Evaluation of BRT-projects in Sweden Evaluation of BRT-projects in Sweden Maria Börjesson & Anne Bastian Associate Professor Transport Systems Analysis Director Centre for Transport Studies Royal Institute of Technology Buses in Sweden Denigration

More information

City of Vantaa New Plans and Projects

City of Vantaa New Plans and Projects City of Vantaa New Plans and Projects Smart Mobility for Better Cities Conference 12 May, 2011 Gilbert Koskela Project Engineer Marja-Vantaa project City of Vantaa has been a forerunner in Finland in studying

More information

Monitoring of Traffic Behaviour in Finland Leena Pöysti

Monitoring of Traffic Behaviour in Finland Leena Pöysti Monitoring of Traffic Behaviour in Finland 2015 Leena Pöysti MONITORING OF TRAFFIC BEHAVIOUR IN FINLAND 2 What is the traffic behaviour monitoring system? 2 Vehicle speeds 3 Drunken driving as proportion

More information

Improved services: passengers travel more frequently

Improved services: passengers travel more frequently TØI report 450/1999 Authors: Katrine Næss Kjørstad and Bård Norheim Oslo 1999, 119 pages Norwegian language Summary: Public Transport Planning Planning by Objectives Part 1. Experience from the Hundvåg

More information

Travel Plan Guidelines

Travel Plan Guidelines Department of Transport Travel Plan Guidelines for Large Shopping Centres June 2016 Contents 1. What is a travel plan? 3 2. Why develop a travel plan? 3 3. Who are the stakeholders? 4 4. What are the benefits?

More information

Background to the project

Background to the project TØI report 8/00 Authors: Unni B. Lodden and Inge Brechan Oslo 00, 70 pages Summary: The importance of travel information for use of public transport The effect of the services of Trafikanten Background

More information

Bicycle and Public Transport Dream Team or Rivals? The Berlin Experience

Bicycle and Public Transport Dream Team or Rivals? The Berlin Experience Bicycle and Public Transport Dream Team or Rivals? The Berlin Experience Conference Integrated Urban Mobility Dresden, 12./13. March 2009 Burkhard Horn Senate Department for Urban Development, Berlin Overview

More information

Project background. Rationale. Buses and bikes: friends or foes? On bus-bike integration

Project background. Rationale. Buses and bikes: friends or foes? On bus-bike integration Project background On bus-bike integration Mark Zuidgeest I-CE & ITC SUMA Additional Activity integrated mode strategies for Asia: case city Pune Tasks: literature review, conceptual framework, model and

More information

8.7.O Integration and quality improvements of sustainable modes in Odense City: Odense Project: MOBILIS Measure number: 8.7

8.7.O Integration and quality improvements of sustainable modes in Odense City: Odense Project: MOBILIS Measure number: 8.7 City: Project: MOBILIS Measure number: 8.7 A Introduction Turning the current trend for the growth of car transport in Denmark at the expense of public transport modes is one of the greatest challenges

More information

BENCHMARKING PUBLIC TRANSPORT EXPERIMENTS INCENTIVES FOR A COMMON EVALUATION

BENCHMARKING PUBLIC TRANSPORT EXPERIMENTS INCENTIVES FOR A COMMON EVALUATION BENCHMARKING PUBLIC TRANSPORT EXPERIMENTS INCENTIVES FOR A COMMON EVALUATION Katrine Naess Kjorstad and Alberte Ruud, Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway Torstein A Dahl, Norwegian Ministry

More information

Student travel survey key findings, March A5 On average, how often do you (or intend to) travel home during semesters?

Student travel survey key findings, March A5 On average, how often do you (or intend to) travel home during semesters? Student travel survey key findings, March 2006 A1 How do you usually travel between home and Uni? a) Start / end of year Car 44% Aeroplane 37% Train 10% Bus / coach 5% Boat / ferry 2% Other 1% N/A (Live

More information

Summary: Public Transport Packages of Measures 1996-2000 Passengers evaluation of service improvements on trip frequency

Summary: Public Transport Packages of Measures 1996-2000 Passengers evaluation of service improvements on trip frequency TØI repport 736/04 Authors(s): Bård Norheim and Katrine Næss Kjørstad Oslo 05, 89 pages Norwegian language Summary: Public Transport Packages of Measures 1996-00 Passengers evaluation of service improvements

More information

RandstadRail: Increase in Public Transport Quality by Controlling Operations

RandstadRail: Increase in Public Transport Quality by Controlling Operations RandstadRail: Increase in Public Transport Quality by Controlling Operations Niels van Oort HTM, Urban public transport, Research and development P.O. Box 28503, 2502 KM The Hague, The Netherlands, e-mail:

More information

Cities for Mobility. World Congress 2008 City of Stuttgart June 1-4, 2008. The Transport System in the City of Yaoundé, Cameroon.

Cities for Mobility. World Congress 2008 City of Stuttgart June 1-4, 2008. The Transport System in the City of Yaoundé, Cameroon. Cities for Mobility World Congress 2008 City of Stuttgart June 1-4, 2008 The Transport System in the City of Yaoundé, Cameroon Presented by Mr Gilbert Tsimi Evouna Dear Mayors, dear participants, I am

More information

Min Xu, Frank Milthorpe, Karen Tsang. Bureau of Transport Statistics, NSW Department of Transport, PO Box K659, Haymarket, NSW 1240

Min Xu, Frank Milthorpe, Karen Tsang. Bureau of Transport Statistics, NSW Department of Transport, PO Box K659, Haymarket, NSW 1240 Australasian Transport Research Forum 2011 Proceedings 28-30 September 2011, Adelaide, Australia Publication website: http://www.patrec.org/atrf.aspx Detailed Analysis of the Travel Patterns of Rail Users

More information

RENFORTH GATEWAY Mobility Hub Profile

RENFORTH GATEWAY Mobility Hub Profile Mobility Hub Profile Dundas Renforth West-Bloor Gateway Anchor Hub Gateway Hub N MOBILITY HUBS: Places of connectivity between regional and rapid transit services, where different modes of transportation

More information

PRT Plans in Swedish Cities by by Göran Tegnér; M.Sc.Econ, Senior Advisor, WSP Sweden

PRT Plans in Swedish Cities by by Göran Tegnér; M.Sc.Econ, Senior Advisor, WSP Sweden PRT Plans in Swedish Cities by by Göran Tegnér; M.Sc.Econ, Senior Advisor, WSP Sweden Contents Many PRT studies & activities in Sweden Mega-study: 15 % higher modal share with PRT Recent PRT studies in

More information

KS2 English. Dear penpal,

KS2 English. Dear penpal, KS2 English You are visiting your penpal Thomas who lives in Belfast. You arrive at Central Station and need to use his letter giving you directions to his house. Read the letter and use it to answer the

More information

Data Collection and Sampling issues -Preparing Low Carbon Mobility Plan

Data Collection and Sampling issues -Preparing Low Carbon Mobility Plan Department of Civil Engineering/TRIPP Indian Institute of Technology Delhi http://tripp.iitd.ac.in Data Collection and Sampling issues -Preparing Low Carbon Mobility Plan K. Ramachandra Rao, G. Tiwari,

More information

Public Transport. Past and present years. Literacy

Public Transport. Past and present years. Literacy FACT 1 Public Transport Past and present People have always needed transport to help them travel around and to move goods. Some people have their own transport such as a car, motorbike or bicycle which

More information

ITRACT Pilotsurvey. The use of apps for bus traffic in the Stavanger region

ITRACT Pilotsurvey. The use of apps for bus traffic in the Stavanger region ITRACT Pilotsurvey The use of apps for bus traffic in the Stavanger region Introduction The aim of this survey is to better understand the usage and the potential influence of apps for passenger bus traffic

More information

Bus Users in Sydney. Transport Data Centre ISSUES PAPER 2002/02 DECEMBER 2002 ISSN 1325-9253 ISBN 0 7313 2821 3

Bus Users in Sydney. Transport Data Centre ISSUES PAPER 2002/02 DECEMBER 2002 ISSN 1325-9253 ISBN 0 7313 2821 3 ISSUES PAPER 2002/02 DECEMBER 2002 ISSN 1325-9253 ISBN 0 7313 2821 3 Bus Users in Sydney Bus Users in Sydney presents the latest information on bus travel and bus travellers living in the Sydney Statistical

More information

SCARBOROUGH CENTRE Mobility Hub Profile

SCARBOROUGH CENTRE Mobility Hub Profile Mobility Hub Profile Dundas Scarborough West-Bloor Centre Anchor Hub Gateway Hub N MOBILITY HUBS: Places of connectivity between regional and rapid transit services, where different modes of transportation

More information

Taxi Licensing Scrutiny Review

Taxi Licensing Scrutiny Review Taxi Licensing Scrutiny Review Summary of Consultation Findings Response Rates 40 surveys were issued by post/email with a closing date of 12 January 2011. 10 responses were received resulting in a 25%

More information

National Travel Surveys in Finland

National Travel Surveys in Finland XXVII International Baltic Road Conference August 24-26, Riga National Travel Surveys in Finland Tytti Viinikainen Sociologist, MSocSc Finnish National Road Administration tytti.viinikainen@tiehallinto.fi

More information

Background to the Norwegian Ministry of Transport and Communications support for the measures

Background to the Norwegian Ministry of Transport and Communications support for the measures TØI report 738/2004 Author(s): Nils Fearnley and Åse Nossum Oslo 2004, 45 pages, Norwegian language mary: Public transport packages of measures 1996-2000 Economic evaluations Background to the Norwegian

More information

Sustainable transport in Stockholm. Gustaf Landahl City of Stockholm

Sustainable transport in Stockholm. Gustaf Landahl City of Stockholm Sustainable transport in Stockholm Gustaf Landahl City of Stockholm The Capital of Scandinavia Outline Is Stockholms transport sustainable? Stockholm grows fast Carrots and sticks Conclusions Urban Mobility

More information

Guidelines for Attractive Public Transport with a Focus on BRT

Guidelines for Attractive Public Transport with a Focus on BRT Guidelines for Attractive Public Transport with a Focus on BRT Advanced BRT systems have provided many developing country cities public transport with rail-like capacities and speed. BRT Guidelines adapted

More information

Bridging the gap - the use of methods from research results for implementation of Sustainable Urban Transport Plans with the example from Lund, Sweden

Bridging the gap - the use of methods from research results for implementation of Sustainable Urban Transport Plans with the example from Lund, Sweden Bridging the gap - the use of methods from research results for implementation of Sustainable Urban Transport Plans with the example from Lund, Sweden Christer Ljungberg, Dr Eng, CEO, Trivector Traffic,

More information

Cities of the Future. Land Use and Transportation

Cities of the Future. Land Use and Transportation Cities of the Future Land Use and Transportation The challenge Functional cities depend on transportation, but suffer from its consequences The transportation sector accounts for nearly 60% of CO 2 - emissions

More information

Public Transport in Sweden Organisation and Integration

Public Transport in Sweden Organisation and Integration Public Transport in Sweden Organisation and Integration Bertil Hylén VTI Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut Swedish National Road and Transport Reearch Institute bertil.hylen@vti.se Poland Basic

More information

The potential role of cycling in Iceland

The potential role of cycling in Iceland The potential role of cycling in Iceland An introduction to cycling in Europe and European cycle policies. Cycling opportunities in Iceland on the short and long term. Cycling...? Sport, competition Hard

More information

ONLINE DATABASE ON GOOD PRACTICES. http://activecitizenship.net/bp/2013/form/new.php

ONLINE DATABASE ON GOOD PRACTICES. http://activecitizenship.net/bp/2013/form/new.php ONLINE DATABASE ON GOOD PRACTICES http://activecitizenship.net/bp/2013/form/new.php - GOOD PRACTICES- What is a Good Practice? Good practices are actions whose very nature is the impact on the quality

More information

Valuing rider quality attributes in the Swedish special transport services

Valuing rider quality attributes in the Swedish special transport services Valuing rider quality attributes in the Swedish special transport services Stig Knutsson Infrastructure and Planning Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm Version 99-04-20 1 Valuing rider quality attributes

More information

VARIABLE SPEED LIMIT TRIALS

VARIABLE SPEED LIMIT TRIALS VARIABLE SPEED LIMIT TRIALS VARIABLE SPEED LIMITS Variable speed limits The Swedish National Road Administration (SNRA) is launching a trial project on variable speed limits for five years between 2003

More information

Combined evaluation of public transport packages of measures in urban areas - 1996/97

Combined evaluation of public transport packages of measures in urban areas - 1996/97 Summary: TØI report 497/2000 Authors: Katrine N Kjørstad, Unni Lodden, Nils Fearnley, and Bård Norheim. Oslo 2000, 171 pages Combined evaluation of public transport packages of measures in urban areas

More information

MY EXCHANGE SEMESTER IN GÄVLE, SWEDEN

MY EXCHANGE SEMESTER IN GÄVLE, SWEDEN FINAL REPORT MY EXCHANGE SEMESTER IN GÄVLE, SWEDEN (27 TH AUGUST 2014 18 TH JANUARY 2015) UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES BIBERACH MORITZ REIBER Table of content Preparation... 2 Sweden & Gävle... 3 University...

More information

MOTORISTS AND PEDESTRIAN INTERACTION AT UNSIGNALISED PEDESTRIAN CROSSING

MOTORISTS AND PEDESTRIAN INTERACTION AT UNSIGNALISED PEDESTRIAN CROSSING MOTORISTS AND PEDESTRIAN INTERACTION AT UNSIGNALISED PEDESTRIAN CROSSING Nik Ibtishamiah IBRAHIM Researcher Center for Transportation Research Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya 50603 Kuala Lumpur,

More information

INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT AND NMT PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATION IN AN EAST AFRICAN CONTEXT

INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT AND NMT PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATION IN AN EAST AFRICAN CONTEXT INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT AND NMT PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATION IN AN EAST AFRICAN CONTEXT MARK BRUSSEL CONTENTS Examples of integration from the Netherlands Rationale and principles of integration

More information

Residential Development Travel Plan

Residential Development Travel Plan Residential Development Travel Plan A Template for Developers Name of Development (Address) Name of Developer (Contact Details) Date of Travel Plan For office use: Planning reference.. /.. /.. Residential

More information

Oslo The EV Capital of the World. Agency for Urban Environment City of Oslo Sture Portvik

Oslo The EV Capital of the World. Agency for Urban Environment City of Oslo Sture Portvik Oslo The EV Capital of the World Agency for Urban Environment City of Oslo Sture Portvik Making EVs the right choice With 60% of emissions in Oslo coming from the transport sector, the only way to reduce

More information

Wigan and Leigh College Sustainable Travel Plan 2012

Wigan and Leigh College Sustainable Travel Plan 2012 Wigan and Leigh College Sustainable Travel Plan 2012 Introduction Wigan and Leigh College is an institution of further and higher education in North West England. It operates on two main sites in Wigan

More information

CUSTOMER ATTITUDES TOWARDS AND PERCEPTIONS OF TELEMATICS IN CARS

CUSTOMER ATTITUDES TOWARDS AND PERCEPTIONS OF TELEMATICS IN CARS CUSTOMER ATTITUDES TOWARDS AND PERCEPTIONS OF TELEMATICS IN CARS by Rob Sheldon, Managing Director Mark Kidd, Senior Research Executive Accent Marketing & Research INTRODUCTION Telematics is an emerging

More information

1st CONFERENCE IN ETHNOMUSICOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY OF MUSIC Methods, approaches and perspectives for the study of music within culture

1st CONFERENCE IN ETHNOMUSICOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY OF MUSIC Methods, approaches and perspectives for the study of music within culture 1st CONFERENCE IN ETHNOMUSICOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY OF MUSIC Methods, approaches and perspectives for the study of music within culture Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) 2nd-3rd, July 2015 Barcelona,

More information

The potential role of cycling in Iceland

The potential role of cycling in Iceland Cycling...? The potential role of cycling in Iceland An introduction to cycling in Europe and European cycle policies. Cycling opportunities in Iceland on the short and long term. Sport, competition Tourism?

More information

Service Quality Performance Report 2013

Service Quality Performance Report 2013 NSB GJØVIKBANEN AS Service Quality Performance Report 2013 Passenger Rights Regulation 1371/2007 1. NSB Gjøvikbanen AS NSB Gjøvikbanen AS is a subsidiary in the NSB Group. The company is 100 % owned by

More information

CYCLING IN GHANA: AN INDEPTH STUDY OF ACCRA. October 2004

CYCLING IN GHANA: AN INDEPTH STUDY OF ACCRA. October 2004 CYCLING IN GHANA: AN INDEPTH STUDY OF ACCRA Written by: Magnus Quarshie October 2004 1 Introduction... 3 2 Objectives of Study... 3 3 Description of Study... 3 3.1 Limitations of the survey:... 4 4 General

More information

MARKET EFFICIENT URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT - OPTIMAL INCENTIVES UNDER DIFFERENT CONSTRAINTS. Bard Norheim Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway

MARKET EFFICIENT URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT - OPTIMAL INCENTIVES UNDER DIFFERENT CONSTRAINTS. Bard Norheim Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway MARKET EFFICIENT URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT - OPTIMAL INCENTIVES UNDER DIFFERENT CONSTRAINTS Bard Norheim Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway PREFACE Urban public transport is during the recent

More information

Cool Factor: imaginecalgary

Cool Factor: imaginecalgary CANADA S COOLEST CITIES Calgary & CMA Cool Factor: imaginecalgary Sustainable Energy Solutions Canada s Coolest Cities looked at the question: What are Canada s large cities doing to encourage low-carbon

More information

ARE WE THERE YET? TRANSPORT AND TRAVEL

ARE WE THERE YET? TRANSPORT AND TRAVEL ARE WE THERE YET? TRANSPORT AND TRAVEL Introduction Transport is a crucial component of everyday life in Northern Ireland. It facilitates business, commerce, social and cultural activity and impacts on

More information

Built environment, travel and energy

Built environment, travel and energy Built environment, travel and energy Bengt Holmberg Lunds Tekniska Högskola, Lunds universitet Karin Brundell-Freij, WSP Background This project was preceded by a literature survey as part of the LETS-project

More information

Teleoperation going into Transportation

Teleoperation going into Transportation Teleoperation going into Transportation 6-7 April 2016, Hilton Kalastajatorppa, Helsinki Jouni Sintonen Business Development Director TeliaSonera Finland Ltd. TeliaSonera in brief TeliaSonera provides

More information

Customer Satisfaction Index 2014

Customer Satisfaction Index 2014 Customer Satisfaction Index 01 Contents Executive summary Customer satisfaction methodology Initiatives to improve customer satisfaction November 01 results Overall train network Overall bus regions Overall

More information

Evaluation Of Free Bicycle Project In Wuhan, China. Yuhan Wang

Evaluation Of Free Bicycle Project In Wuhan, China. Yuhan Wang Evaluation Of Free Bicycle Project In Wuhan, China Yuhan Wang Professional Project Report Department of Urban & Regional Planning University of Wisconsin Madison April, 2015 Table of Contents Executive

More information

Efficient logistics VS environmental impact

Efficient logistics VS environmental impact Efficient logistics VS environmental impact Håkan Aronsson Maria Huge Brodin Logistics Managment Logistics Management Dpt. Of Management & Economics Dpt. Of Management & Economics Linköping Institute of

More information

Odense The National Cycle City

Odense The National Cycle City Odense The National Cycle City Troels Andersen Project Manager Cycle Paths Effect on Cyclists 510 kilometres of cycle paths 18% cycle more because the path has been established 89% feel more safe after

More information

Smart cards as a transport, social and education policy instrument - Riga

Smart cards as a transport, social and education policy instrument - Riga Smart cards as a transport, social and education policy instrument - Riga The smart cards project focuses on developing an innovative and easy payment solution in the form of a common electronic card system.

More information

GTA Cordon Count Program

GTA Cordon Count Program Transportation Trends 2001-2011 Executive Summary Project No. TR12 0722 September 2013 1.0 Introduction The Cordon Count program was established to collect traffic data as a tool for measuring travel trends

More information

Cardiff Council Travel Planning Resources A Guide to Travel Surveys. A Guide to Travel Surveys

Cardiff Council Travel Planning Resources A Guide to Travel Surveys. A Guide to Travel Surveys A Guide to Travel Surveys 1 2009 Contents 1. Introduction to Travel Surveys 2. Sample Snapshot Travel Survey 3. Sample Travel Survey 4. Analysing Travel Survey data 5. Using Travel Survey data in developing

More information

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT IN KAMPALA-UGANDA (CONTEXT, INITIATIVES, CHALLENGES AND THE FUTURE)

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT IN KAMPALA-UGANDA (CONTEXT, INITIATIVES, CHALLENGES AND THE FUTURE) SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT IN KAMPALA-UGANDA (CONTEXT, INITIATIVES, CHALLENGES AND THE FUTURE) During the Berlin High level Dialogue on Implementation of Rio+20 on Sustainable Cities and Urban Transport. 18

More information

{insert employer} Employee Transportation Survey

{insert employer} Employee Transportation Survey {insert employer} Employee Transportation Survey {insert employer} is working with TransLink to broaden the range of commuting alternatives available to its employees. To do this, we need to know your

More information

Car, bus, bike or train: What were the main means of travel to work?

Car, bus, bike or train: What were the main means of travel to work? Car, bus, bike or train: What were the main means of travel to work? Highlights Between the 1996 and 2006 Censuses, an increasing proportion of people used a car to travel to work. Approximately 25 percent

More information

Min-Bus Taxis & Pedestrians in Africa: Challenges and Solutions

Min-Bus Taxis & Pedestrians in Africa: Challenges and Solutions Min-Bus Taxis & Pedestrians in Africa: Challenges and Solutions Minibus Transit Africa s Ultimate Paratransit Transport Mode Flexible transit between formal transit and a car On demand and flexible Not

More information

Mobility Management for Companies

Mobility Management for Companies Regina Luedert, 2MOVE2 Measure Leader S7.01 Mobility Information and Service Centre Stuttgart Municipality of Stuttgart / Germany Stuttgart / Germany 600,000 inhabitants Centre of the metropolitan Region

More information

Niagara Falls, here we come! PRESTO on the GO. E-News improvements: You spoke, we listened

Niagara Falls, here we come! PRESTO on the GO. E-News improvements: You spoke, we listened GONews GO Transit s newsletter for customers gotransit.com summer 2009 Niagara Falls, here we come! PRESTO on the GO E-News improvements: You spoke, we listened Printed on recycled paper this issue 2 Niagara

More information

Supplier conference. Passenger counting solutions. Oslo, 14th January 2016

Supplier conference. Passenger counting solutions. Oslo, 14th January 2016 Supplier conference Passenger counting solutions Oslo, 14th January 2016 Agenda Time Topic/activity 11:30 Registration 12:00 Welcome and introduction Berit Hovland Information about Ruter, current setup

More information

Some practical information

Some practical information Some practical information Tartu city of good thoughts! Tartu (http://tartu.ee/) is the second largest city in Estonia and also the oldest one in the Baltic States first mentioned in 1030. Venue The course

More information

Sustainable. Solutions. Smart Cities. for. What is a Smart City? www.sustainablecitiessolutions.com

Sustainable. Solutions. Smart Cities. for. What is a Smart City? www.sustainablecitiessolutions.com Sustainable for Solutions Smart Cities What is a Smart City? www.sustainablecitiessolutions.com Contents Introduction 3 Executive Summary 4 Background & Methodology 5 Description of a Smart City 6 Most

More information

Patient transport in Dalarna

Patient transport in Dalarna REVISED 2016-01-01 Patient transport in Dalarna Travel by bus to the doctor Free Simple Comfortable Dalatrafik is by commission of the County Council of Dalarna responsible for answering all questions

More information

WHY PEOPLE DO OR DO NOT USE THEIR BIKE ON SHORT TRIPS MODALITY CHOICES IN THE NETHERLANDS

WHY PEOPLE DO OR DO NOT USE THEIR BIKE ON SHORT TRIPS MODALITY CHOICES IN THE NETHERLANDS WHY PEOPLE DO OR DO NOT USE THEIR BIKE ON SHORT TRIPS MODALITY CHOICES IN THE NETHERLANDS Mireille van Twuijver Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management; Transport Research Center (AVV),

More information

Toll ring around Oslo: How car owners help paying for improved mobility, and better environment too

Toll ring around Oslo: How car owners help paying for improved mobility, and better environment too Toll ring around Oslo: How car owners help paying for improved mobility, and better environment too Kristian Wærsted City Hall Chief Engineer (NPRA) Road tolling in Norway Trondheim Bergen (1986) (1991)

More information

Market Efficient Public Transport? An analysis of developments in Oslo, Bergen, Trondheim, Kristiansand, and Tromsø

Market Efficient Public Transport? An analysis of developments in Oslo, Bergen, Trondheim, Kristiansand, and Tromsø TØI report 428/1999 Authors: Bård Norheim and Erik Carlquist Oslo 1999, 63 pages Norwegian language Summary: Market Efficient Public Transport? An analysis of developments in Oslo, Bergen, Trondheim, Kristiansand,

More information

FINANCIAL INCENTIVES TO RIDE TO WORK SURVEY 2014

FINANCIAL INCENTIVES TO RIDE TO WORK SURVEY 2014 FINANCIAL INCENTIVES TO RIDE TO WORK SURVEY 2014 Background COMMUTING TO WORK The 2011 Australian Census revealed the overwhelming majority of workers in Australia travel to and from work by motor vehicle.

More information

SOMERSET INN, PAULTON Accessibility Comparison with other Consented Sites

SOMERSET INN, PAULTON Accessibility Comparison with other Consented Sites SOMERSET INN, PAULTON Accessibility Comparison with other Consented Sites Introduction Poulton Ltd has submitted a planning application for residential development of land to the rear of the former Bath

More information

2. Vocabulary exercises 1) How many forms of transport can you think of? Write a list on a piece of paper.

2. Vocabulary exercises 1) How many forms of transport can you think of? Write a list on a piece of paper. Home Tutor Scheme Lesson Plan Topic: Transportation LESSON OUTCOMES - Transport Vocabulary 1. Warm up questions 2. Vocabulary exercises Structures 1. Ways to indicate the form of transport used by train/bus/ferry/taxi

More information

Geiranger & Norway in a nutshell - timetables 15 April 29 April 2012

Geiranger & Norway in a nutshell - timetables 15 April 29 April 2012 Geiranger & Norway in a nutshell - timetables 15 April 29 April 2012 Please notice that these itineraries are suggested travel routes and you may also choose other options. We recommend to use 4-5 days

More information

THE SUMMER SCHOOL ON TRANSPORT PLANNING. Tallinn University of Technology June 5-7, 2013

THE SUMMER SCHOOL ON TRANSPORT PLANNING. Tallinn University of Technology June 5-7, 2013 THE SUMMER SCHOOL ON TRANSPORT PLANNING Tallinn University of Technology June 5-7, 2013 Planning the successful public transport Tallinn 6 June 2013 Slide 2 of 49 About us Wuppertal 350,000 inhabitants

More information

OVERVIEW MAJOR FEATURES OF THE MODEL. Some important features of the model set are listed below.

OVERVIEW MAJOR FEATURES OF THE MODEL. Some important features of the model set are listed below. Support to the Casey Overpass Study Central Transportation Planning Staff Support Staff to the Boston Region MPO Overview of the Regional Travel Demand Model Set May 18, 2011 OVERVIEW The model set that

More information

Integrated Public Transport Service Planning Guidelines. Sydney Metropolitan Area

Integrated Public Transport Service Planning Guidelines. Sydney Metropolitan Area Integrated Public Transport Service Planning Guidelines Sydney Metropolitan Area December 2013 CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 3 1.1 Purpose 3 1.2 Background 3 1.3 Travel in Sydney Metropolitan Area 5 1.4 Objectives

More information

Prosperity and well-being in Northern Ireland

Prosperity and well-being in Northern Ireland Our proposals for your manifesto 2016 Prosperity and well-being in Northern Ireland The actions needed to get more people walking, cycling and using public transport Why Sustrans work is relevant: Sustrans

More information

Improving Britain s Railway

Improving Britain s Railway Improving Britain s Railway Britain s railway has changed beyond recognition since privatisation. By switching the focus to passengers and investing billions of pounds on improving services, train companies

More information

Motorist valuation of traffic information Results of a stated-preference pilot study

Motorist valuation of traffic information Results of a stated-preference pilot study ITE report 537/2001 Authors: Marit Killi Hanne Samstad Kjartan Sælensminde Oslo 2001, 77 pages Summary: Motorist valuation of traffic information Results of a stated-preference pilot study Introduction

More information

On-Street Pedestrian Surveys of Pedestrian Crossing Treatments

On-Street Pedestrian Surveys of Pedestrian Crossing Treatments Fitzpatrick, Ullman, Trout 1 On-Street Pedestrian Surveys of Pedestrian Crossing Treatments Kay Fitzpatrick Research Engineer Texas Transportation Institute, 313 TAMU College Station, TX 77843-313 phone:

More information

Public Transport on the right track?

Public Transport on the right track? Public Transport on the right track? The Consumer Council Elizabeth House 116 Holywood Road Belfast BT4 1NY Complaints line: 0800 121 6022 Tele/Textphone: 028 9067 2488 Fax: 028 9065 7701 E-mail: Websites:

More information

Characteristics of Trips and Travellers in Private and Public Transportation in the Danish Travel Survey data

Characteristics of Trips and Travellers in Private and Public Transportation in the Danish Travel Survey data Characteristics of Trips and Travellers in Private and Public Transportation in the Danish Travel Survey data Marie K. A. Anderson, PhD Student, DTU Transport, mkl@transport.dtu.dk Abstract This paper

More information

STUDENT TRAVEL PLAN

STUDENT TRAVEL PLAN STUDENT TRAVEL PLAN 2014 2018 1 Contents SUMMARY 3 Lulworth Student Company aims: 3 Key numbers of success: 4 The key objectives for this Travel Plan 4 Targets 5 STUDENT TRAVEL HABITS 6 THE INITIATIVE

More information

Development of a Regional (short distance) Transport Model System in Norway

Development of a Regional (short distance) Transport Model System in Norway Anne Madslien am@toi.no Institute of Transport Economics PO Box 6110 Etterstad, N-0602 Oslo, Norway Telephone No.: +47 22 57 38 00 Telefax No.: +47 22 57 02 90 http://www.toi.no Development of a Regional

More information

TERM 2002 29 EU Occupancy rates of passenger vehicles

TERM 2002 29 EU Occupancy rates of passenger vehicles Indicator fact sheet TERM 2002 29 EU s of passenger vehicles Passenger car occupancy is falling in most countries, despite EU efforts to increase utilisation efficiency, for example through its citizens

More information