Rhyme Internal rhyme External rhyme Rhyme scheme Repetition

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1 POETRY UNIT 5

2 What is poetry? Poetry is the most concentrated form of literature. It makes every word, every syllable, and every punctuation mark count for something. All good poems allow the reader to experience the power and magic of words in a way that no other form of literature can.

3 Poetry Form Review Poetry is arranged by lines and stanzas. A line is a horizontal row of words, which may or may not form a complete sentence. A stanza is a group of lines forming a unit and separated from the next stanza by a space. The speaker is the voice that communicates with the reader of the poem. A speaker can be the voice of a person, an animal, or even a thing.

4 Poetry Sounds Review Rhyme is the repetition of sounds in poetry. Internal rhyme occurs within lines of poetry. External rhyme occurs at the ends of lines. Rhyme scheme is the pattern formed by external (end) rhymes. Repetition occurs when any word, sound or line is repeated.

5 Poetry Sounds Review Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words. Consonance is the repetition of consonant sounds within words or at the ends of words. Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds within non-rhyming words. Onomatopoeia is the use of a word or phrase (like snap, crackle, or pop) that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes.

6 Figurative Language Review Simile- uses the word like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things. Mrs. Balas is as grumpy as Oscar the Grouch in the morning. Metaphor- compares two or more different things by stating or implying that one thing is another. Mrs. Balas is Oscar the Grouch in the morning.

7 Figurative Language Review Personification- involves giving human characteristics to an animal, object, or idea. The chair is tired from having people sit on it all day long. Imagery- descriptive language used to represent objects, feelings, and thoughts. It often appeals to one or more of the five senses: sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell. The old, wooden chair creaked and groaned under the weight of its users who were seeking a place to rest briefly from the long, hard work day.

8 Poem #1: Those Winter Sundays chronic (adjective)- persistent; ongoing, especially in sickness or pain indifferently (adverb)- not concerned about someone or something; without a preference austere (adjective)- stern; severe in appearance offices (noun)- duties and responsibilities or favors and kindness word definition part of speech use it in a sentence

9 Poem #1 Those Winter Sundays Write a poem about something from your childhood that you appreciate and/or for which you are grateful now BUT you were not appreciative or grateful at the time that it was happening. Your poem must be 3 stanzas in length. Your poem should not rhyme. Your poem should have alliteration and imagery. Your poem should end in a question.

10 Poem #2 Three Haiku A haiku is a traditional Japanese form of poetry that has three lines and seventeen syllables. Haiku are usually about nature. The first line has five syllables. The second line has seven syllables. The third line has five syllables. Spring Outside of this room, Sits a lonely run down pond- The sun shines on it. Justin McCord He sings songs all day Only thing that makes him stop Is some free chicken

11 Poem #2 Three Haiku Write three haiku verses about nature. You can write three separate poems with one verse each; or you can write one poem with three separate verses. Each verse must have five syllables in the first line, seven in the second, and five in the third line (17 syllables total). No rhyme. Possible Nature Topics rain, rainbows, snow, snowflakes, snowmen, sunshine, sunrises, sunsets, moon, moonlight, stars, shooting stars, flowers, leaves, autumn (fall), wind, spring, summer, winter, oceans, rivers, creeks, ponds, animals, sand, rocks, grass, dirt, mountains, valleys, thunderstorms, etc.

12 Poem #3 Woman With Kite querulous (adjective)- argumentative; uncooperative disgruntled (adjective)- in a state of grumpy dissatisfaction translucent (adjective)- allowing light to pass through; almost clear; see-through flecking (verb)- leaving spots or streaks word definition part of Speech use it in a sentence!

13 Poem #3 Woman With Kite

14 Poem #3 Woman With Kite Write a poem in a similar style to Woman with Kite. Use verse paragraphs, which are like stanzas that don t have the same amount of lines in each. You must have14 lines total and at least two verse paragraphs. You must describe an instance when you participated in an activity (MUST BE LEGAL) that helped you to put aside your troubles and just let go! You must have at least two similes. Your poem is not to have rhyme.

15 Poem #4 Sonnet 18 temperate (adjective)- calm and free from extremes of temperature word definition part of speech use it in a sentence

16 Poem #4 Sonnet 18 A Shakespearean sonnet is always 14 lines: 3 quatrains (4 lines each) Concluded with a couplet (2 lines) In a sonnet, the speaker presents his/her innermost thoughts and feelings. Each sonnet is a complete poem that stands on its own, although each sonnet was part of a much larger collection about the same subject.

17 Poem #4 Sonnet 18 Write a sonnet on the topic of your choice containing: EXACTLY fourteen lines (3 quatrains and 1 couplet) Ten syllables per line The appropriate rhyme scheme (a, b, a, b, c, d, c, d, e, f, e, f, g, g)

18 Poem #5 I Am Offering This Poem mature (adjective)- having reached a desired state of growth dense (adjective)- thick hogan (noun)- a traditional Native American hut made of logs and earth word definition part of speech use it in a sentence

19 Lyric Poems Lyric poem- a poem that expresses a speaker s personal thoughts and feelings. They are usually short and focus on an emotion, a feeling, or an object, rather than focusing on a lesson or theme.

20 Poem #5 Write a lyric poem. Requirement: You must repeat 4 times I you Requirement: No rhyme, unless it is subtle Requirement: 1 simile, 1 metaphor Requirement: 20 lines, four stanzas, same format as I Am Offering This Poem

21 Poem #6 Ballad of Birmingham preliminary (adjective)- introductory word definition part of speech use it in a sentence

22 Poem #6 Ballad of Birmingham Ballad of Birmingham is a narrative poem. Narrative poem- a poem that tells a story. There are usually characters, or a story about the speaker. There is some type of theme in mind.

23 Poem #6 Ballad of Birmingham Beginning- a child asks his/her mother if he/she may march for freedom in the streets of Birmingham; the mother refuses to allow this because it may be dangerous. Middle- the mother allows the child to go to church instead of the march, and is satisfied that he/she is safe there. End- The mother hears the explosion, and runs through the city streets only to find her child s shoe in a pile of rubble. Her child has been killed.

24 Poem #6 Write a narrative poem about an exciting or dramatic event in your life or in somebody else s. Requirement: 28 lines, 7 stanzas, 4 lines per stanza Requirement: Follow Ballad of Birmingham for the rhyme scheme. The second and fourth lines of each stanza should rhyme.

25 Poems #7 Dream Boogie, Motto, Harlem deferred (verb)- put off; postponed This is the past tense of the verb to defer fester (verb)- to become increasingly infected or inflamed; to rot word definition part of speech use it in a sentence

26 Poem #7 Write a poem about a dream deferred. You are to write from the perspective of a teenager or an adult. You may or may not have rhyme. You must have 1 example of onomatopoeia. It should be no longer than Harlem.

27 Poem #8 Write a poem that provides advice from a parent/guardian to a child. Your poem should be teaching the child a lesson about life. Write this poem from the perspective of a grandparent/parent/guardian. You are to have no more than 18 lines and it should be two stanzas. You should have at least one significant metaphor.

28 Poem #9 Write a short lyric poem in which you describe an emotion other than love. You must use three similes or metaphors. You must not name the specific emotion. Try to create your poem so that the reader has to guess, like a riddle. Your moods are the tears on my pillow. Your words are the soggy bits of cereal drowning in my bowl. Your actions are the rose petals that have fallen to the ground Neglected.

29 Poem #10 Write a poem about an instance or situation from your own life when you chose to follow the road less traveled and it was for the best. Meaning, you chose your own path instead of what others were doing and it turned out well for you. You must have alliteration. You must have rhyme. You are the speaker in this poem.

30 Poem # Can you infer from the poem how many rejections the speaker has had in life? How do you know? 2. Does the lower case i give you a clue as to how the speaker feels about himself? 3. What can you infer about the number of women who have loved the speaker? 4. Do you think the speaker would rather be rich or loved? Explain.

31 Poem #11 Write a two verse (stanza) lyric poem. Each verse should start with the following line: If i had a nickel for Your poem should model.05

32 Poem #12 Ex-Basketball Player Write a poem about a person with whom you are not very close. In this poem, you are to describe the person s character their occupation how they ended up where they are Your title should relate to how you described the person in the poem. The tone of the poem should be observant, reflective, and perhaps even critical. 15 line/3 stanza minimum

33 Poem #13 The Flying Cat 1. What does the speaker imagine might happen to her cat during the airplane trip? 2. How do you know the speaker is a worrier? 3. Why do you think she uses different voices on the phone? How do the airline workers respond to her? 4. How do the cat s feelings contrast with the speaker s? Do you agree that an animal doesn t know the rise of fear? Why or why not?

34 Poem #13 Write a poem from the perspective of an animal. Be creative with this one! You may or may not have rhyme. Minimum of 10 lines! You must have a lot of imagery (sensory details). Be descriptive! You must have onomatopoeia!

35 Poetry Portfolio: Due May 6 th! Poem #2 Title By Your Name Poem #1 Title By Your Name Type Poem Below Type Poem Below

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