Addressing Mixed Migration Flows

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1 International Organization for Migration (IOM) International Dialogue on Migration (IDM) Addressing Mixed Migration Flows

2 Migration: Myths and Reality Migration is increasing dramatically and globally 2

3 Migration: Myths and Reality Migration is increasing dramatically and globally Overall numbers of migrants are increasing, but Migrants continue to represent just 3% of total global population figures Percentage has remained steady for past 40 years 3

4 Changes in International Migration Migration: Myths and Reality More destinations More routes and travel strategies - Short(er)-term: 2-5 years - Multi-stage - Circular B C A B C D A D 4

5 Migration: Myths and Reality Migration is increasing dramatically and globally Migrants are flooding from the South to the North 5

6 Migration: Myths and Reality South-South Migration Migrants from developing countries in other developing countries = migrants from developing countries in developed countries* South-South remittances: up to 30% of developing countries remittance receipts** * UNSG Report on International Migration and Development, 2006 ** World Bank,

7 West African Migration Intra-regional migration more prevalent than inter-regional migration Europe: 640,000 Of 8.5 million migrants from West Africa, 7.5 million move within the region North America: 350,000 West Africa: 7,500,000 Only 1 million migrate to Europe and North America Source: OECD,

8 Migration: Myths and Reality Migration is increasing dramatically and globally Migrants are flooding from the South to the North Irregular migration: most common form of movement 8

9 Migration: Myths and Reality Irregular migration: most common form of movement Total worldwide flows Irregular migration: part of international migration ILO says irregular migration: 10% of total migration flows Irregular migration: 10% 9

10 Complex Phenomena Mixed Migration Flows Composed of, among others: Economic migrants, high and low skilled Refugees Victims of Trafficking Smuggled Migrants Unaccompanied Minors Stranded Migrants Migrants Moving for Environmental Reasons Mixed flows: an accurate reflection of the diversity of migration itself 10

11 Mixed Migration Flows Law enforcement perspective alone limited: - Obscures rights, obligations, needs and vulnerabilities of all parties involved All are entitled to the respect of their human rights 11

12 The Big Picture Mixed Migration Flows International Migrants: 200 million Refugees: 11.4 million 12

13 Mixed Migration Flows Vast majority of migrants in mixed flows do not fit any particular label or established (legal) category No legal status, no documents No needs? 13

14 Mixed Migration Flows Different degrees of vulnerability among irregular migrants Not all vulnerable migrants fit established legal categories for protection Irregular migrants face dangers, hardships and human rights infringement Needs-based protection approach 14

15 Mixed Migration Flows Manifestation Generally come to public attention as emergencies: - A single migration event or a series of events - A group of migrants arrive in an irregular manner at a particular point of destination Highly visible - Gulf of Aden - Canary Islands - Sonora & Sahara Deserts 15

16 Key Response Elements Mixed Migration Flows Must move beyond ad-hoc emergency response to individual situations Migration Life-Cycle Approach - Roles and experiences of countries and communities of origin, transit and destination - Support to different sub-groups: comprehensive but differentiated mechanism 16

17 Migration Life-Cycle Pre-departure Passage Longer-term perspective Post-arrival 17

18 Pre-departure Migration Life-Cycle Targeted Information Campaigns Migrant Resource Centres Awareness of the rights and obligations of both States and Migrants 18

19 Migration Life-Cycle Passage Humanitarian Support: Rescue Operations Training for Law-enforcement Agencies 19

20 Migration Life-Cycle Post-arrival Needs Assessment & Status Determination Assistance & Counselling Targeted Assistance to Vulnerable Migrants 20

21 Longer-Term Options Migration Life-Cycle Integration Regularization Flexible Return Policies and Programmes Migration Alternatives Return of Unaccompanied Children Return of Victims of Trafficking Provisions for Regular Migration 21

22 Inter-State Co-operation Enhancing data-collection and sharing relevant data among states Improving consistency and compatibility of regional, intra-regional and national legislation Strengthening Regional Consultative Processes, inter-state collaboration and existing regional frameworks 22

23 Concluding Remarks Ensure respect for Human Rights, Dignity and Wellbeing of All Migrants Inter-State and Inter-Agency Co-operation Regular Migration Options Coherent and systematic migration management Meet Different Needs of Migrant Sub-groups Meet Refugee Protection Obligations Meet Migration Management Objectives Address Underlying Factors 23

24 International Organization for Migration (IOM) International Dialogue on Migration (IDM) Addressing Mixed Migration Flows

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