Review of recent CCSA experiences in the Telecommunications Sector Kazan, Russia. Selelo Ramohlola & Tapera Muzata 31 March 3 April 2015

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Review of recent CCSA experiences in the Telecommunications Sector Kazan, Russia. Selelo Ramohlola & Tapera Muzata 31 March 3 April 2015"

Transcription

1 Review of recent CCSA experiences in the Telecommunications Sector Kazan, Russia Selelo Ramohlola & Tapera Muzata 31 March 3 April 2015

2 Outline of Presentation Opening remarks Introduction & background to SA telecommunications sector CCSA s enforcement experiences (complaints & mergers) in sector Key regulatory issues & policy developments going forward

3 Introduction & Background to SA Telecoms Sector There are four (4) licenced MNOs in South Africa Vodacom and MTN licenced in 1993 A Multiparty Implementation Agreement limited Vodacom and MTN to only transmit calls to subscribers on each other s networks through the Telkom network networks built around fixed line incumbent At that time, Telkom was the de jure monopoly provider of Public SwitchedTelecommunication Services (PSTS) and facilities services In 1996, this was amended and both Vodacom and MTN were issued a formal telecommunication services licence in terms of the Telecommunications Act 3 rd MNO licenced & started operations in yrs after first MNOs 4 th MNO (owned by fixed line incumbent) entered the market in 2010 Late entry of 3 rd & 4 th MNOs meant competing with well established MNOs

4 Telecommunications sector currently experiencing consolidation global trends Significant growth in demand for data services and decline in voice prices Additional spectrum required for the rollout of LTE services key driver of mobile mergers Currently no additional spectrum available in the 900MHz, 1800MHz and 2100MHz bands (currently being used for mobile LTE services) Spectrum may become available in the 2600MHz and 800MHz but there are no clear timelines on when it will be available for use DTT & allocation for 2600MHz (process about to be started by regulator) The CC is currently assessing the following mergers: Vodacom (mobile) and Neotel (fixed) MTN (mobile) and Telkom (fixed/mobile) Telkom (fixed) and BCX (VANS/ITS) Currently investigation of abuse complaint in mobile In recent past, two abuse complaints finalized against fixed line incumbent Penalties and remedies

5 Complaints Abuse of Dominance Complaints 3 key abuse cases in the telecommunications sector o 2 against incumbent fixed line operator relating to access to leased lines o CCSA currently investigating abuse complaint in the mobile market (Cell C vs MTN and Vodacom) Approach o Discussion of fixed line complaints first then ongoing mobile complaint o Limited detail provided on current cases ongoing investigation & confidentiality restrictions

6 Complaints Abuse of Dominance VANS enforcement complaint (Case No: 11/CR/Feb 04) Complaints received by the South African Value Added Network Service ( VANS ) association o Downstream level reliant on incumbent for input fixed leased lines Incumbent found to have refused to supply of access to essential facilities and inducing customers not to deal with rival VANS Court ruled that there was not sufficient evidence for finding of excessive pricing of input Insufficient evidence of anti-competitive price discrimination Penalty of R449 million imposed on fixed line incumbent

7 Complaints Abuse of Dominance Telkom excessive pricing and margin squeeze cases 5 complaints from ISPs against fixed line incumbent for period between June 2005 and July 2007 Fixed line incumbent entered into settlement with CCSA admitting engaging in exclusionary conduct (margin squeeze) and tying and bundling Remedies and sanctions were imposed on the incumbent fixed line operator: Functional wholesale and retail separation within its business Pricing commitments for services (inputs and downstream) including in bundled offerings Telkom paid an administrative fine of R200 million

8 Complaints Abuse of Dominance Cell C vs Vodacom & MTN 3 rd MNO complained that incumbent MNOs (1 st & 2 nd ) engaging in exclusionary conduct through on-net/off-net differential pricing on voice calls o Conduct creates club effect and discourages subscribers from switching to smaller networks First mover advantages (8yrs prior to entry of 3 rd MNO) make it difficult for new and smaller rivals to gain traction in market o 1 st & 2 nd MNOs account for approx. 90% of the market in terms of revenue and subscribers o Part of challenges associated with MTR which were not effectively regulated untilaround 2010 Experiences of other countries in similar conduct o France conduct found to be exclusionary and created obstacles for other networks o Papua New Guinea Incumbent MNO with SMP ordered not to have differential about 40% o Nigeria, Kenya, Namibia, New Zealand, Portugal, Columbia and Slovenia Differentials found to negatively affect competition by perpetuating club effect limiting ability of smaller networks to grow and compete with larger rivals The strategies employed in these jurisdictions have broadly aimed at the following: Revising the MTR charged between MNO s ( New Zealand, Portugal, Columbia and Slovenia) Dominant incumbents cannot charge an on-net rate lower than the MTR charged for off-net calls made to other networks Smaller operators were allowed to charge higher MTR s as compared to their dominant counterparts Removing differential - off-net call charges not higher than on-net call rates (Nigeria, Kenya, Namibia)

9 Mergers & Acquisitions MTN/Telkom Merger This merger involves two mobile operators, MTN and Telkom Mobile o MTN is the 2nd largest mobile operator and Telkom Mobile is the last entrant in the mobile market with the smallest market share Telkom Mobile will outsource the management, rollout & operation of its RAN to MTN o Particularly the deployment of LTE in the RAN Post-merger both firms will roam on each other s networks Areas of concern o Spectrum concentration The merger will give MTN access to significant additional spectrum from Telkom (Telkom has unused spectrum in the 1800MHz and 2100MHz)

10 Mergers & Acquisitions Spectrum concentration will give MTN a significant competitive and time advantage compared to rivals (this advantage is not as a result of competition on merits such as lower prices, quality of service etc.) MTN will have a superior network and ability to provide services that cannot be matched by rivals The lack of effective competitive constraints on MTN will result in higher prices for consumers o Loss of infrastructure-based competition o Possible input and customer foreclosure for access to: Sites and site infrastructure (site sharing seen as key element) Decommissioning of sites post-merger Fixed leased lines Telkom is the largest supplier of links used to transport traffic between sites and the core network

11 Mergers & Acquisitions Vodacom/Neotel merger The largest mobile operator acquiring the second largest fixed line operator Key issues in the merger: o Spectrum concentration and its impact on providing LTE services Spectrum access key aspect of deal Competitive advantage over rivals First mover advantages exist in SA High value consumers with lower switching patterns This may result in higher prices and/or the foreclosure and exit of smaller rivals

12 Mergers & Acquisitions o Foreclosure from access to fixed-line and RAN infrastructure Key inputs for downstream retail market for VANS, ICT and mobile telecommunications Second fixed line operator an important player in fixed line wholesale supply of leased lines Concerns around change in incentives post-merger o The removal of Neotel as a competitor Neotel a potential, if not actual entrant, into LTE services Neotel offering LTE service (limited coverage & fixed location) Effective constraint? Telkom/BCX II Fixed line incumbent acquiring downstream rival with significant presence (MNS; VANS; Hosting; ITS) Second attempt at merger o Telkom/BCX I prohibited in June 2007

13 Mergers & Acquisitions Competition concerns in Telkom/BCX I o Removal of an effective competitor and unilateral effects in MNS markets o Increased coordination in the fixed line connectivity market o Foreclosure [input & customer foreclosure; bundling] o Evasion of price regulation by incumbent fixed-line operator Sufficient grounds to prohibit so foreclosure not decided on Developments in telecommunications o 2008 court decision to allow VANS to be licensed and enter the supply of fixed line infrastructure level allows for self-provisioning by some of the VANS Indeed some of the VANS have built own networks, but to a limited extent o Addition undersea cables connected to SA (SEACOM, WACS, SAT-3, SAFE & EASY) Ended incumbent fixed line monopoly Prices have declined by as much as 90%

14 Mergers & Acquisitions o Despite more competition Telkom is still dominant in the supply of fixed line connectivity. o Three characteristics of the telecoms market: rapid change, convergence and bundling. o Three types of convergence exist: technological convergence, service convergence convergence and business o Bundling (resulting from business convergence) evidence suggests that corporates are mixed in their preference for bundles (some prefer bundles, some individual products, and others both) Current transaction o Broadly same transactions with similar markets, but now including mobile as the fixed line incumbent has entered mobile Competition concerns being evaluated o Primarily foreclosure: Access to input fixed leased lines where incumbent still the major supplier at national & metro levels Bundling including inputs and downstream products or services o Customer foreclosure in the government sector In both mobile and fixed value chains, smaller rivals have been important for competition Cost of communication was and remains relatively highin South Africa Genuine concerns on likely impact of mergers on competition & consumers (price, quality, choice)

15 Regulatory & Policy Issues Cost to Communicate Programme The sector regulator ICASA has a mandate of regulate in various areas of public interest. One of the key areas is the high cost to communicate in South Africa. As a result, ICASA has embarked on an initiative called the Cost to Communicate Programme. This programme has the overall goal of: achievement of fair and reasonable prices for products and services offered by licensed telecommunications operators.

16 Regulatory & Policy Issues Components of the Cost to Communicate Programme o Broadband Value Chain Study o Call Termination Market Review o Wholesale Transmission Services project (DTT) o Local Loop Unbundling o ICT Indicators Broadband Value Chain Analysis The study aims to consider all possible facilities and services within the electronic communications network and services in the telecommunications industry. Study to consider all potential facilities and wholesale services The main focus of the study is to define the broadband value chain, identify where, along the value chain, there is ineffective competition and establish potential remedies.

17 Regulatory & Policy Issues Call Termination Market Review Call rates (fixed and mobile) very expensive Introduced cost-oriented termination rates through the Wholesale Voice Call Termination Regulations in 2010 The following are expected outcomes of a reduction in wholesale voice call termination rates: o A reduction in the barriers to entry for competitors in competing for a broader spectrum of the retail market, o A reduction in the price charged to an end-user for a voice calls o An increase in dynamic pricing packages for voice calls o Reductions in the cost of doing business for operators

18 Regulatory & Policy Issues Wholesale Transmission Services project (DTT) Complaints regarding excessive pricing and poor signal by monopoly signal distributor Findings include: o Ineffective competition in the market o SMP or dominance o Ownership of essential facilities by single firm DTT- South Africa is moving broadcasting services from analogue to digital broadcasting. Challenges with Set Top Boxes

19 Regulatory & Policy Issues Local Loop Unbundling (LLU) Enable effective and efficient utilisation of local loop infrastructure Ensure implementation of the open-access principles facilities leasing Unbundling will allow access for other players resulting in: o Innovative services o Efficient utilisation of infrastructure o Benefits to both access seekers and access providers

20 Regulatory & Policy Issues ICT Indicators Bi-annual collection of ICT Stats Start collected include traffic flows, subscribers, revenue, outlets, broadcasting channels, employment Information centre for consumers, industry and investors Monitoring and impact assessment tool for government and regulators

Ex Ante implementation of Competition Economics and Law in South Africa: the case for regulating call termination services

Ex Ante implementation of Competition Economics and Law in South Africa: the case for regulating call termination services Ex Ante implementation of Competition Economics and Law in South Africa: the case for regulating call termination services Author: Pieter Grootes 1 Date: 24 August 2010 Draft please do not cite Ex Ante

More information

VERTICAL INTEGRATION IN SOUTH AFRICAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS: A COMPETITION ANALYSIS

VERTICAL INTEGRATION IN SOUTH AFRICAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS: A COMPETITION ANALYSIS VERTICAL INTEGRATION IN SOUTH AFRICAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS: A COMPETITION ANALYSIS N.M. Theron and W.H. Boshoff Abstract This article develops an analytical framework that can be used to assess competition

More information

Consumers benefit from lower mobile

Consumers benefit from lower mobile Consumers benefit from lower mobile termination rates Mobile termination rates no longer pose an obstacle to competition. Cell C and Telkom Mobile have continued to place pressure on MTN and Vodacom to

More information

Good intentions, poor outcomes: SA telecom reform in review

Good intentions, poor outcomes: SA telecom reform in review Good intentions, poor outcomes: SA telecom reform in review Alison Gillwald i-week, 2 September 2009 Johannesburg Research ICT Africa Network of researchers conducting ICT policy and regulatory research

More information

The members that are eligible to participate in SATSPA currently are as follows:

The members that are eligible to participate in SATSPA currently are as follows: SOUTH AFRICAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE PROVIDERS ASSOCIATION (SATSPA) RESPONSE TO INDEPENDENT COMMUNICATIONS AUTHORITY OF SOUTH AFRICA (ICASA) INVITATION TO SUBMIT WRITTEN REPRESENTATIONS ON DRAFT CALL

More information

DETERMINATION OF DOMINANCE IN SELECTED COMMUNICATIONS MARKETS IN NIGERIA ISSUED BY

DETERMINATION OF DOMINANCE IN SELECTED COMMUNICATIONS MARKETS IN NIGERIA ISSUED BY DETERMINATION OF DOMINANCE IN SELECTED COMMUNICATIONS MARKETS IN NIGERIA ISSUED BY NIGERIAN COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 1 BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION Consistent with the liberalization of the Nigerian telecommunications

More information

South Africa - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts

South Africa - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/1463508/ South Africa - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts Description: This annual report provides a comprehensive overview

More information

Review of economic regulation of the telecommunications sector

Review of economic regulation of the telecommunications sector CCRED Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development Review of economic regulation of the telecommunications sector Primary author: Ryan Hawthorne Endesha Input on mandate of regulators: Tembinkosi

More information

: N Manoim (Presiding Member); U Bhoola (Tribunal Member) and Y Carrim (Tribunal Member) Reasons for Decision

: N Manoim (Presiding Member); U Bhoola (Tribunal Member) and Y Carrim (Tribunal Member) Reasons for Decision COMPETITION TRIBUNAL OF SOUTH AFRICA Case NO: 81/LM/Jul08 In the matter between Mobile Telephone Networks Holdings (Pty) Ltd And Verizon South Africa (Pty) Ltd Primary acquiring firm Primary target firm

More information

Regulation is used to foster and sustain competition

Regulation is used to foster and sustain competition General Regulation Regulation is used to foster and sustain competition Competitiveness Public Monopoly Need for regulation Limited regulation: Government supplied telecoms services Private Monopoly Increased

More information

New licensing framework. for the. Republic of Namibia

New licensing framework. for the. Republic of Namibia New licensing framework for the Republic of Namibia 2008 Draft for discussion purposes only Version 3.4 24 July 2008 2008 Namibia Ministry of ICT / Palladium Strategy Consultants (Pty) Ltd Page 1 of 9

More information

CHAPTER 13 TELECOMMUNICATIONS. commercial mobile services means public telecommunications services supplied through mobile wireless means;

CHAPTER 13 TELECOMMUNICATIONS. commercial mobile services means public telecommunications services supplied through mobile wireless means; CHAPTER 13 TELECOMMUNICATIONS Article 13.1: Definitions For the purposes of this Chapter: commercial mobile services means public telecommunications services supplied through mobile wireless means; cost-oriented

More information

INCENTIVES FOR MOBILE CO-LOCATION PROVISION IN NEW ZEALAND

INCENTIVES FOR MOBILE CO-LOCATION PROVISION IN NEW ZEALAND INCENTIVES FOR MOBILE CO-LOCATION PROVISION IN NEW ZEALAND 1. INTRODUCTION NZ Communications Limited (NZCL) has highlighted in its submissions that the incumbent mobile network owners, Vodafone and Telecom,

More information

Complaint about Bundling of Pay TV and Broadband Internet Access Services by Hong Kong Cable Television Limited

Complaint about Bundling of Pay TV and Broadband Internet Access Services by Hong Kong Cable Television Limited Complaint about Bundling of Pay TV and Broadband Internet Access Services by Hong Kong Cable Television Limited Complaint against: Issue: Relevant Instruments: Hong Kong Cable Television Limited ( HKCTV

More information

A review of wholesale leased line pricing in the Bailiwick of Guernsey

A review of wholesale leased line pricing in the Bailiwick of Guernsey A review of wholesale leased line pricing in the Bailiwick of Guernsey A REPORT PREPARED FOR THE OFFICE OF UTILITY REGULATION January 2007 Frontier Economics Ltd, London. i Frontier Economics January 2007

More information

Regulatory Framework for Telecommunications Market Definition and Dominance

Regulatory Framework for Telecommunications Market Definition and Dominance Regulatory Framework for Telecommunications Market Definition and Dominance Regulatory Framework for Telecommunications Market Definition and Dominance TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION... 1 2. DEFINITIONS

More information

&RPSHWLWLRQDQGGHUHJXODWLRQLQ )LQODQGDQGLQ(8

&RPSHWLWLRQDQGGHUHJXODWLRQLQ )LQODQGDQGLQ(8 &RPSHWLWLRQDQGGHUHJXODWLRQLQ )LQODQGDQGLQ(8 The liberalization of European telecom markets The Finnish market situation New regulatory demands in promoting competition 7KH(87HOHFRPPXQLFDWLRQV PDUNHW 150

More information

: N Manoim (Presiding Member); M Holden (Tribunal Member) and Y Carrim (Tribunal Member) Reasons

: N Manoim (Presiding Member); M Holden (Tribunal Member) and Y Carrim (Tribunal Member) Reasons COMPETITION TRIBUNAL OF SOUTH AFRICA Case NO: 14/LM/Jan08 In the matter between: Neotel (Pty) Ltd Acquiring firm And Transtel Telecoms Business Target firm Panel : N Manoim (Presiding Member); M Holden

More information

Wholesale Leased Lines: Review of Price Controls. Initial Notice Proposed directions to JT (Jersey) Limited

Wholesale Leased Lines: Review of Price Controls. Initial Notice Proposed directions to JT (Jersey) Limited Wholesale Leased Lines: Review of Price Controls Initial Notice Proposed directions to JT (Jersey) Limited Document No: CICRA 12/37 26 July 2012 Jersey Competition Regulatory Authority, 2 nd Floor, Salisbury

More information

Unbundling in Europe: Recent Trends

Unbundling in Europe: Recent Trends Unbundling in Europe: Recent Trends Sophie BISMUT IDATE, Montpellier O ver the past few years, a radical change has come about in the role of the copper local loop that connects subscribers to their operator's

More information

Regional Interconnection: Presenting the Business Case for African Operators. Densu Richard Ag. Executive, MTN Business rdensu@mtn.com.

Regional Interconnection: Presenting the Business Case for African Operators. Densu Richard Ag. Executive, MTN Business rdensu@mtn.com. Regional Interconnection: Presenting the Business Case for African Operators Densu Richard Ag. Executive, MTN Business rdensu@mtn.com.gh Content About MTN/MTN Business The Benefits of Regional Interconnection

More information

Review of Non-Price Terms for Wholesale Leased Line and Bitstream Products. Initial Notice Direction to JT (Jersey) Limited

Review of Non-Price Terms for Wholesale Leased Line and Bitstream Products. Initial Notice Direction to JT (Jersey) Limited Review of Non-Price Terms for Wholesale Leased Line and Bitstream Products Initial Notice Direction to JT (Jersey) Limited Document No: CICRA 12/43 September 2012 Jersey Competition Regulatory Authority,

More information

Lex Mundi Telecommunications Regulation Multi-Jurisdictional Survey

Lex Mundi Telecommunications Regulation Multi-Jurisdictional Survey Lex Mundi Telecommunications Regulation Multi-Jurisdictional Survey CONTACT INFORMATION António Lobo Xavier Morais Leitão Galvão Teles Soares Silva Rua Castilho, 165 1070-050 Lisboa Portugal (+351) 226

More information

Bundling up - new pricing strategies in the African prepaid market

Bundling up - new pricing strategies in the African prepaid market Bundling up - new pricing strategies in the African prepaid market The new Bundled Value for Money Index created by Research ICT Africa (RIA) measures the value to customers of blended bundles; data+sms,

More information

whether a further investigation of regulatory changes is warranted to promote competition. In the course of the review, the Commission has also

whether a further investigation of regulatory changes is warranted to promote competition. In the course of the review, the Commission has also 2 Table of Contents Table of Contents... 2 Introduction... 3 Executive Summary... 5 Background... 7 The Retail Mobile Services Market... 8 Barriers to Entry... 11 Structural barriers... 12 Spectrum...

More information

August 2000. A Review of the Development of Competition in the Industrial and Commercial Gas Supply Market

August 2000. A Review of the Development of Competition in the Industrial and Commercial Gas Supply Market August 2000 A Review of the Development of Competition in the Industrial and Commercial Gas Supply Market Executive summary This document explains the conclusions of Ofgem s 1999 review of the development

More information

OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY

OVERVIEW OF THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY Certain facts, statistics and data presented in this section and elsewhere in this document have been derived, in part, from various government or official sources. Whilst the Directors have taken all

More information

Competition in EU Electricity Markets The Role of Antitrust Policy

Competition in EU Electricity Markets The Role of Antitrust Policy Presentation at SNF-SESSA Conference, Bergen, March 4th, 2005. Competition in EU Electricity Markets The Role of Antitrust Policy Miguel de la Mano Member of the Chief Economist Team, DG Competition (*)

More information

Convergence: challenges from the perspective of regulation

Convergence: challenges from the perspective of regulation Convergence: challenges from the perspective of regulation Remko Bos Director department of Markets Independent Post and Telecommunications Authority (OPTA), The Netherlands EETT s 4th International Conference:

More information

TELSTRACLEAR. Telecom s Assets-based Constraint on Unbundling

TELSTRACLEAR. Telecom s Assets-based Constraint on Unbundling TELSTRACLEAR Telecom s Assets-based Constraint on Unbundling Key points: Telecom is incorrect to allege that the Commission s approach to updn, which draws on international regulatory experience, is ultra

More information

news release Trading update for the quarter ended 30 June 2015 24 July 2015

news release Trading update for the quarter ended 30 June 2015 24 July 2015 news release Trading update for the quarter ended 30 June 2015 24 July 2015 Highlights Q1 Group organic service revenue grew 0.8%*; Europe -1.5%*, AMAP 6.1%* Continued recovery in Europe: Germany -1.2%*,

More information

International Peer Benchmarking Study on South Africa s ICT Sector. Department of Communication June 2009

International Peer Benchmarking Study on South Africa s ICT Sector. Department of Communication June 2009 International Peer Benchmarking Study on South Africa s ICT Sector Department of Communication June 2009 Introduction The Department of Communication Commissioned the BMIT to analyse telecommunications

More information

MNS Viewpoint: LTE EVOLUTION IN AFRICA 1. Introduction

MNS Viewpoint: LTE EVOLUTION IN AFRICA 1. Introduction MNS Viewpoint: LTE EVOLUTION IN AFRICA 1. Introduction Wireless communications have evolved rapidly since the emergence of 2G networks. 4G technology (also called LTE), enables to answer the new data market

More information

General objectives and principles

General objectives and principles POSITION PAPER OF THE NETHERLANDS ON THE REVIEW OF THE REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS AND SERVICES General objectives and principles Digital infrastructure has become a prerequisite

More information

ANTICIPATED ACQUISITION BY BT GROUP PLC OF EE LIMITED. Summary of hearing with TalkTalk on 28 July 2015

ANTICIPATED ACQUISITION BY BT GROUP PLC OF EE LIMITED. Summary of hearing with TalkTalk on 28 July 2015 ANTICIPATED ACQUISITION BY BT GROUP PLC OF EE LIMITED Summary of hearing with TalkTalk on 28 July 2015 Overview of TalkTalk s concerns 1. TalkTalk told us that it was most concerned with the impact of

More information

Consultation paper on telecommunications market reviews and notification of the proposed determinations

Consultation paper on telecommunications market reviews and notification of the proposed determinations Consultation paper on telecommunications market reviews and notification of the proposed determinations June 2011 Contents 1. Foreword... 3 2. Executive summary... 4 3. Introduction... 6 3.1 Background...

More information

Annual Report and Form 20-F 2004

Annual Report and Form 20-F 2004 BRITISH TELECOMMUNICATIONS plc ANNUAL REPORT AND FORM 20-F British Telecommunications plc Annual Report and Form 20-F As a wholly-owned subsidiary of BT Group plc, British Telecommunications plc meets

More information

Over the Top and Pay TV Opportunities: How are operators and content providers working together to create innovative platforms?

Over the Top and Pay TV Opportunities: How are operators and content providers working together to create innovative platforms? Over the Top and Pay TV Opportunities: How are operators and content providers working together to create innovative platforms? By Loren Braithwaite-Kabosha CEO: South African Communications Forum Disruptive

More information

VoIP: more of the same, or a new regulatory paradigm? Will VoIP change the regulatory landscape?

VoIP: more of the same, or a new regulatory paradigm? Will VoIP change the regulatory landscape? VoIP: more of the same, or a new regulatory paradigm? Will VoIP change the regulatory landscape? About ECTA European Competitive Telecommunication Association represents some 150 operators across Europe

More information

Europe's Way to the High Speed Internet: Why Effective Network Competition is the Freeway to the Future

Europe's Way to the High Speed Internet: Why Effective Network Competition is the Freeway to the Future SPEECH/08/355 Viviane Reding Member of the European Commission responsible for Information Society and Media Europe's Way to the High Speed Internet: Why Effective Network Competition is the Freeway to

More information

Department of Communications The State of ICT in South Africa

Department of Communications The State of ICT in South Africa Third Quarter 2011 Department of Communications The State of ICT in South Africa Quarterly Report 3/2011 Report prepared by Research ICT Africa Table of Contents 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1 2. MARKET 2 3. OPERATIONAL

More information

ANTICIPATED ACQUISITION BY BT GROUP PLC OF EE LIMITED. Summary of hearing with UKB Group on 14 August 2015

ANTICIPATED ACQUISITION BY BT GROUP PLC OF EE LIMITED. Summary of hearing with UKB Group on 14 August 2015 ANTICIPATED ACQUISITION BY BT GROUP PLC OF EE LIMITED Summary of hearing with UKB Group on 14 August 2015 Overview of UKB s concerns 1. UKB Group (UKB) told the CMA that it was comprised of UK Broadband

More information

European Commission Consultation document on Voice over IP

European Commission Consultation document on Voice over IP STELLUNGNAHME European Commission Consultation document on Voice over IP This paper provides the eco comment on the European Commission consultation document. eco is the association of German internet

More information

Panel: How broadband policy can contribute to deploy secured and universal broadband access. Presentation:

Panel: How broadband policy can contribute to deploy secured and universal broadband access. Presentation: Panel: How broadband policy can contribute to deploy secured and universal broadband access Presentation: Initiatives to deploy broadband access in Europe Erik BOHLIN Chalmers University of Technology,

More information

The European Electronic Communications Regulation and Markets 11 th Report Frequently Asked Questions

The European Electronic Communications Regulation and Markets 11 th Report Frequently Asked Questions MEMO/06/84 Brussels, 20 February 2006 The European Electronic Communications Regulation and Markets 11 th Report Frequently Asked Questions What is the EU regulatory framework for electronic communications?

More information

net income 110 140-21.4% 407 505-19.4% organic cash flow 2 (guidance definition) 302 369-18.2% 833 851-2.1%

net income 110 140-21.4% 407 505-19.4% organic cash flow 2 (guidance definition) 302 369-18.2% 833 851-2.1% Current Report (53/) Orange Polska S.A., Warsaw, Poland October 21, Pursuant to art. 56, clause 1, item 1 of the Law of July 29, 2005 on public offering and the conditions for introducing financial instruments

More information

SMP and Competition Regulation in Thailand

SMP and Competition Regulation in Thailand 1 SMP and Competition Regulation in Thailand Onwaree Jarernporn Office of NBTC, Thailand ITU Regional Seminar on Costs and Tariffs for Asia and Pacific and Meeting of the SG3RG-AO Tokyo, Japan, 8-9April

More information

ACCOUNTING SEPARATION OF TELSTRA: IMPUTATION TESTING AND NON-PRICE TERMS AND CONDITIONS REPORT FOR THE DECEMBER QUARTER 2011

ACCOUNTING SEPARATION OF TELSTRA: IMPUTATION TESTING AND NON-PRICE TERMS AND CONDITIONS REPORT FOR THE DECEMBER QUARTER 2011 ACCOUNTING SEPARATION OF TELSTRA: IMPUTATION TESTING AND NON-PRICE TERMS AND CONDITIONS REPORT FOR THE DECEMBER QUARTER 2011 March 2012 i Table of contents Glossary and acronyms...iii Summary...1 1 Introduction...3

More information

SUBMISSION OF MAORI TELEVISION, MEDIAWORKS, NZME AND TELEVISION NEW ZEALAND ON REGULATING COMMUNICATIONS FOR THE FUTURE DISCUSSION PAPER

SUBMISSION OF MAORI TELEVISION, MEDIAWORKS, NZME AND TELEVISION NEW ZEALAND ON REGULATING COMMUNICATIONS FOR THE FUTURE DISCUSSION PAPER SUBMISSION OF MAORI TELEVISION, MEDIAWORKS, NZME AND TELEVISION NEW ZEALAND ON REGULATING COMMUNICATIONS FOR THE FUTURE DISCUSSION PAPER 1. Introduction 1.1 This submission on the Ministry of Business,

More information

1 The Definition of Markets

1 The Definition of Markets 1 The Definition of Markets 1.1 Background: approach to market analysis The structure conduct performance (SCP) model is a useful framework that UCC can use: Firstly, to develop a criteria framework for

More information

Leased lines. Ewan Sutherland. http://www.3wan.net/ www.3wan.net 11.x.06, LINK Centre 1

Leased lines. Ewan Sutherland. http://www.3wan.net/ www.3wan.net 11.x.06, LINK Centre 1 Leased lines Ewan Sutherland http://www.3wan.net/ www.3wan.net 11.x.06, LINK Centre 1 Contents Introduction Issues OECD European Union South Africa Conclusions www.3wan.net 11.x.06, LINK Centre 2 Basic

More information

Mobile Infrastructure Sharing:

Mobile Infrastructure Sharing: Mobile Infrastructure Sharing: Trends in Latin America ITU Regional Economic and Financial Forum of Telecommunications/ICTs for Latin America and the Caribbean San Jose, Costa Rica 12 March 2014 Daniel

More information

Wholesale carrier value Cost vs quality

Wholesale carrier value Cost vs quality Wholesale carrier value Cost vs quality Craig Skinner, Senior Consultant, Telecoms February 2013 1 Global communications trends Global economy increasingly dependent on communications Focus of growth has

More information

Storage Technology Services (Pty) Ltd. : Y Carrim (Presiding Member), N Manoim (Tribunal Member) and U Bhoola (Tribunal Member) Reasons for Decision

Storage Technology Services (Pty) Ltd. : Y Carrim (Presiding Member), N Manoim (Tribunal Member) and U Bhoola (Tribunal Member) Reasons for Decision COMPETITION TRIBUNAL SOUTH AFRICA Case NO: 113/LM/Oct08 In the matter between: Vodacom (Pty) Ltd Acquiring Firm And Storage Technology Services (Pty) Ltd Target Firm Panel : Y Carrim (Presiding Member),

More information

Official Journal of the European Union

Official Journal of the European Union 8.5.2003 L 114/45 COMMISSION RECOMMDATION of 11 February 2003 on relevant product and service markets within the electronic communications sector susceptible to ex ante regulation in accordance with Directive

More information

13 November 2009. Question 4: Refusal to deal is only an administrative violation and administrative sanctions are imposed.

13 November 2009. Question 4: Refusal to deal is only an administrative violation and administrative sanctions are imposed. 1 (5) REFUSAL TO DEAL Introduction This paper presents the FCA s experiences on how to evaluate refusals to deal. In the early 1990s, cases of unconditional refusal to deal were still lodged with the office.

More information

RESTREINT EU/EU RESTRICTED

RESTREINT EU/EU RESTRICTED Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) Chapter [ ] Consolidated Proposed Electronic Communications / Telecommunications Text 1 [EU: Article 40: Scope and Definitions] [US: Article X.1: Scope

More information

New European regulatory framework and the issue of convergence

New European regulatory framework and the issue of convergence New European regulatory framework and the issue of convergence Dr Marianne Treschow Director-General The National Post and Telecom Agency Sweden End users of electronic communications services in Sweden

More information

A.1. Speed of process. A.2. Transparency ANNEX IX - SWEDEN A. REGULATOR - GENERAL FUNCTIONS

A.1. Speed of process. A.2. Transparency ANNEX IX - SWEDEN A. REGULATOR - GENERAL FUNCTIONS ANNEX IX - SWEDEN A. REGULATOR - GENERAL FUNCTIONS A.1. Speed of process 1. What is the average timeframe for obtaining reservation of numbers? According to the Swedish NRA, ("PTS"), obtaining reservation

More information

GERMANY INTRODUCTION REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT. Main regulatory developments

GERMANY INTRODUCTION REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT. Main regulatory developments GERMANY INTRODUCTION Fixed broadband and mobile broadband penetration rates continued to increase during 2008. The number of cable broadband connections has grown considerably, mainly driven by a high

More information

Latvia. Chapter 26. Girts Lejins and Toms Sulmanis COMMUNICATIONS POLICY TELECOMS REGULATION

Latvia. Chapter 26. Girts Lejins and Toms Sulmanis COMMUNICATIONS POLICY TELECOMS REGULATION Chapter 26 Latvia Girts Lejins and Toms Sulmanis Leji,nś, Torgāns & Vonsovićs COMMUNICATIONS POLICY 1 Policy How would you summarise government and regulatory policy for the telecoms and media sector?

More information

Global Forum on Competition

Global Forum on Competition Unclassified DAF/COMP/GF/WD(2013)19 DAF/COMP/GF/WD(2013)19 Unclassified Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 22-Jan-2013 English

More information

The emerging cross-industry ICTization changes competition within the wholesale business 2032

The emerging cross-industry ICTization changes competition within the wholesale business 2032 Strategy Christof Gerlach, Dr Werner Knoben, Tim Schellschmidt Everything Flows The emerging cross-industry ICTization changes competition within the wholesale business 2032 The need for cross-industry

More information

08 May 2003 INTRODUCTION

08 May 2003 INTRODUCTION Comments by Cable and Wireless Submitted in Response to the Public Consultation on request by Singapore Telecommunications Limited for Exemption from Dominant Licensee Obligations with Respect to the International

More information

Competition Legislation. Competition Act 1998. Application in the Energy Sector

Competition Legislation. Competition Act 1998. Application in the Energy Sector Competition Legislation Competition Act 1998 Application in the Energy Sector Contents Page Contents... 1 1. Introduction...2 2. Legal Context... 4 3. Economic Analysis... 12 4. Process for Investigation...

More information

OECD Policy Guidance on Convergence and Next Generation Networks

OECD Policy Guidance on Convergence and Next Generation Networks 2 OECD POLICY GUIDANCE ON CONVERGENCE AND NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS OECD Policy Guidance on Convergence and Next Generation Networks Introduction The digitalisation of content, the emergence of IP, and

More information

Essential facilities and anticompetitive

Essential facilities and anticompetitive Essential facilities and anticompetitive practices Rohan Samarajiva 29 September 2013 Taungoo, Myanmar This work was carried out with the aid of a grant from the International Development Research Centre,

More information

HIGH CAPACITY DSL-SYSTEMS

HIGH CAPACITY DSL-SYSTEMS Electronic Communications Committee (ECC) within the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) HIGH CAPACITY DSL-SYSTEMS Oulu, March 2006 Page 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In this

More information

Case No COMP/M.5730 - TELEFONICA/ HANSENET TELEKOMMUNIKATION. REGULATION (EC) No 139/2004 MERGER PROCEDURE

Case No COMP/M.5730 - TELEFONICA/ HANSENET TELEKOMMUNIKATION. REGULATION (EC) No 139/2004 MERGER PROCEDURE EN Case No COMP/M.5730 - TELEFONICA/ HANSENET TELEKOMMUNIKATION Only the English text is available and authentic. REGULATION (EC) No 139/2004 MERGER PROCEDURE Article 6(1)(b) NON-OPPOSITION Date: 29/01/2010

More information

IP interconnection Pricing and Costing

IP interconnection Pricing and Costing IP interconnection Pricing and Costing March 2014 IP network costing some elements fixed, others highly bandwidth dependent 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Fixed Variable with bandwidth 2 Different

More information

POLITICAL FACTOR: REGULATION AND BUSINESS IMPLICATIONS

POLITICAL FACTOR: REGULATION AND BUSINESS IMPLICATIONS POLITICAL FACTOR: REGULATION AND BUSINESS IMPLICATIONS Erik BOHLIN Department of Technology Management and Economics Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden Presentation at the TeliaSonera IT/IP Business

More information

MTN Business Solutions. Angela Gahagan - Thomson Managing Director

MTN Business Solutions. Angela Gahagan - Thomson Managing Director MTN Business Solutions Angela Gahagan - Thomson Managing Director Agenda Overview ISP / Mobile Integration / Innovation Business approach Looking forward 2 ISP vs mobile Similarities Licences (IECNS &

More information

EU policy and regulation of technical platform services to digital television. Agenda. 1. From analogue to digital television

EU policy and regulation of technical platform services to digital television. Agenda. 1. From analogue to digital television EU policy and regulation of technical platform services to digital television Presentation delivered to APEK Ljubljana, October 24, 2011 Kristina Irion, Central European University (Budapest) Agenda 1.

More information

Telekomunikacja Polska Decision: competition law enforcement in regulated markets

Telekomunikacja Polska Decision: competition law enforcement in regulated markets Telekomunikacja Polska Decision: competition law enforcement in regulated markets by Damian Kamiński, Anna Rogozińska, Beata Sasinowska ( 1 ) 1. Introduction On 22 June 2011 the Commission imposed on telecoms

More information

Ofcom and Internet Technology

Ofcom and Internet Technology Ofcom UKIF UK Network Operators Forum Ofcom and Internet Technology Dr Steve Unger Director of Telecoms Technology Ofcom 25 th May 2005 Ofcom 1 Ofcom and our approach to regulation Various duties under

More information

Economics of unbundling the local loop through provision of DSL. Ashish Kelkar. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge MA, USA.

Economics of unbundling the local loop through provision of DSL. Ashish Kelkar. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge MA, USA. Economics of unbundling the local loop through provision of DSL Ashish Kelkar Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge MA, USA Abstract The paper discusses the policy dilemma that telecom regulators

More information

EFTA SURVEILLANCE AUTHORITY RECOMMENDATION. of 14 July 2004

EFTA SURVEILLANCE AUTHORITY RECOMMENDATION. of 14 July 2004 EFTA SURVEILLANCE AUTHORITY RECOMMENDATION of 14 July 2004 on relevant product and service markets within the electronic communications sector susceptible to ex ante regulation in accordance with Directive

More information

Title: Are mobile telecommunications networks always a substitute for fixed telecommunications networks?

Title: Are mobile telecommunications networks always a substitute for fixed telecommunications networks? Title: Are mobile telecommunications networks always a substitute for fixed telecommunications networks? Paper submitted for: Sixth Annual Conference on Competition Law, Economics and Policy in South Africa

More information

The Ministry is seeking feedback on demand for four Digital Terrestrial Television Licence sets that the Government is proposing to allocate.

The Ministry is seeking feedback on demand for four Digital Terrestrial Television Licence sets that the Government is proposing to allocate. DTT Licence Feedback Radio Spectrum Management Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment P.O. Box 1473 Wellington 6140. 1 Summary of Submission The Ministry is seeking feedback on demand for four Digital

More information

The minimum set of leased lines retail market

The minimum set of leased lines retail market The minimum set of leased lines retail market Identification of the relevant market, analysis of competition, designation of service provider(s) having significant market power, imposing obligation(s)

More information

Before the FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION WASHINGTON, DC 20554

Before the FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION WASHINGTON, DC 20554 Before the FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION WASHINGTON, DC 20554 In the Matter of ) ) Promoting Innovation and Competition in the ) MB Docket No. 14-261 Provision of Multichannel Video Programming ) Distribution

More information

Telecommunications Regulation. PAKISTAN Rizvi, Isa, Afridi & Angell

Telecommunications Regulation. PAKISTAN Rizvi, Isa, Afridi & Angell Telecommunications Regulation PAKISTAN Rizvi, Isa, Afridi & Angell CONTACT INFORMATION Ahsan Zahir Rizvi Rizvi, Isa, Afridi & Angell D-67 Block 4, Clifton Karachi Pakistan 009221-5865198 arizvi@riaalaw.com

More information

ITU-ASEAN Forum on Over the Top (OTT) Services: Business, Policy and Regulatory Trends

ITU-ASEAN Forum on Over the Top (OTT) Services: Business, Policy and Regulatory Trends ITU-ASEAN Forum on Over the Top (OTT) Services: Business, Policy and Regulatory Trends Phnom Penh, Cambodia 08-09 December, 2015 Pedro Seixas ITU Expert Session 5: Building Synergies between OTT players

More information

Process and Principles for Interconnection rates calculation

Process and Principles for Interconnection rates calculation Process and Principles for Interconnection rates calculation by Werner Neu Arusha, 15 to 17 April 2002 Slide 0 Agenda What are Switched Interconnection Services? What should be regulated? How to set Prices

More information

Wholesale Tariff Regulations in TURKEY

Wholesale Tariff Regulations in TURKEY Wholesale Tariff Regulations in TURKEY Ahmet DARICI, Muhammet GUNGOR ICT Expert, Tariffs Department Information and Communication Technologies Authority Agenda Introduction Legal Basis for Tariff Regulations

More information

Unlocking Broadband for All:

Unlocking Broadband for All: Unlocking Broadband for All: Infrastructure Sharing for Better Connectivity SADC/CRASA Stakeholder Validation Workshop May 20-21st 2015 Infrastructure Sharing - A Key Strategy for Meeting Universal Access

More information

BROADBAND VALUE CHAIN. Request for Information (RFI)

BROADBAND VALUE CHAIN. Request for Information (RFI) BROADBAND VALUE CHAIN Request for Information (RFI) The Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (The Authority) hereby requests information in terms of a section 4B inquiry process on the

More information

A.1. Speed of process

A.1. Speed of process ANNEX X - UNITED KINGDOM A. REGULATOR - GENERAL FUNCTIONS A.1. Speed of process 1. What is the average timeframe for obtaining reservation of numbers? Under Oftel, the average time was 28 days. Ofcom must

More information

Strengthening competition policy in Latin American countries: The application of competition law in the telecommunications sector

Strengthening competition policy in Latin American countries: The application of competition law in the telecommunications sector Strengthening competition policy in Latin American countries: The application of competition law in the telecommunications sector Martin Cave A. Andreas Avgousti Adrian Foster July 2013 Contents FOREWORD...

More information

Revised ERG Common Position. Appropriate remedies in the ECNS regulatory framework

Revised ERG Common Position. Appropriate remedies in the ECNS regulatory framework ERG (06) 33 Revised ERG Common Position on the approach to Appropriate remedies in the ECNS regulatory framework Final Version May 2006 ERG (06) 33 ERG (06) 33 This document is an ERG Common Position,

More information

Next Generation Networks: An Ofcom perspective

Next Generation Networks: An Ofcom perspective IEEE CQR 2006 Next Generation Networks: n Ofcom perspective Steve Unger Director of elecoms echnology 9 th June 2006 Ofcom What is a Next Generation Network? ccess etro Core PSN SDH IP PDH SDH IP Wireless

More information

Analyst presentation 2009

Analyst presentation 2009 Leading provider of pan-african communication services Delivers the platform for growth in African total communications solutions Leading provider of pan-african voice and data connectivity services to

More information

Next Generation Networks: In need of regulation. Anne Barbarin Groupe neuf cegetel 15/11/2006

Next Generation Networks: In need of regulation. Anne Barbarin Groupe neuf cegetel 15/11/2006 Next Generation Networks: In need of regulation Anne Barbarin Groupe neuf cegetel 15/11/2006 Neuf Cegetel Key Figures Financial performance which places the group in a good position for 2006 and 2007 Change

More information

Business Council of Australia

Business Council of Australia Business Council of Australia Submission to the Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy on Regulatory Reform for 21st-Century Broadband June 2009 Table of Contents Key points...

More information

The Coming Carrier Network Infrastructure A Very Different Landscape

The Coming Carrier Network Infrastructure A Very Different Landscape S T R A T E G I C W H I T E P A P E R The Coming Carrier Network Infrastructure A Very Different Landscape New Partnerships, New Business Models for Tomorrow s Telcos Both fixed and mobile telecom operators

More information

Response to Consultations & Final Decision

Response to Consultations & Final Decision Response to Consultations & Final Decision Response to Consultation Document No. 10/70 and 11/32 A final decision further specifying the price control obligation in the market for wholesale terminating

More information

Fair Competition Commission. THE FAIR COMPETITION COMMISSION PROCEDURE RULES, 2013 Rule 33(2) MERGER NOTIFICATION (Application for Merger Clearance)

Fair Competition Commission. THE FAIR COMPETITION COMMISSION PROCEDURE RULES, 2013 Rule 33(2) MERGER NOTIFICATION (Application for Merger Clearance) FCC.8 Fair Competition Commission THE FAIR COMPETITION COMMISSION PROCEDURE RULES, 2013 Rule 33(2) To: The Fair Competition Commission MERGER NOTIFICATION (Application for Merger Clearance) Application

More information

Italy. Incumbents. Mobile. 10 May 2013

Italy. Incumbents. Mobile. 10 May 2013 Italy 10 May 2013 During the last few years, Italy continued expanding broadband network coverage by upgrading its copper infrastructure and rolling out fibre based networks. To tackle the digital divide,

More information

REMONOPOLIZING LOCAL TELEPHONE MARKETS: IS WIRELESS NEXT?

REMONOPOLIZING LOCAL TELEPHONE MARKETS: IS WIRELESS NEXT? REMONOPOLIZING LOCAL TELEPHONE MARKETS: IS WIRELESS NEXT? Mark Cooper July 2004 FEDERAL AND STATE ANTITRUST OFFICIALS SHOULD SAY NO TO THE CINGULAR- AT&T WIRELESS MERGER The exit of AT&T Communications,

More information