Southern Brazil's role as an established generator of coal fired thermal power

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1 Fernando Luiz Zancan Associação Brasileira do Carvão Mineral - ABCM Southern Brazil's role as an established generator of coal fired thermal power

2 Sedimentary Basins in Brazil

3 BRAZILIAN COAL RESOURCES UF Jazida Recursos (10 6 t) % Paraná Cambuí 44 0,14 Sapopema 45 0, ,28 Santa Catarina Barro Branco ,29 Bonito ,04 Pré-Bonito 414 1, ,64 Cambuí Sapopema Rio Grande do Sul Candiota ,67 Leão ,68 Charqueadas ,43 Iruí/Capané ,47 Murungava ,86 Santa Terezinha/Torres , ,08 Total (PR, SC e RS) ,00 PR RS SC Barro Branco Bonito Pré-Bonito Santa Terezinha Mining Areas Charqueadas Leão Murungava Source: Informative of Coal Industry DNPM / 2000 Candiota Iruí / Capané

4 Brazilian Coal Fields Parana Coalfields Santa Catarina Coalfield Jacui Valley Coalfields Eastern Coalfields Candiota Coalfield

5 Coalfield Coal Seam Reflectance Rm % Moisture % Ash d.b. % Volatile Matter d.b.a.f. % Calorific Value cal/g Classification Candiota¹ Superior 0.40 ± ,208 i Sub-bituminous A Inferior 0.40 ± ,416 i Sub-bituminous A Capané¹ Capanezinho 0.57 ± ,800 ii Sub-bituminous A Iruí¹ Superior 0.48 ± Sub-bituminous A Leão¹ Superior 0.49 ± ,000 iii Sub-bituminous A MB i 6,579 ii Sub-bituminous A Charqueadas² I 1 F i 6,829 ii Sub-bituminous A I 2 B i 5,930 ii Sub-bituminous A Superior 0.52 ± Bituminous high volatile C/B Faxinal¹ Média 0.54 ± Bituminous High Volatile C/B Inferior 0.56 ± Bituminous High Volatile C/B M ± Bituminous High Volatile B Morungava¹ M ± Bituminous High Volatile B M ± Bituminous High Volatile B

6 Coalfield Col Seam Reflectance Rm % Moisture % Ash d.b. % Volatile Matter d.b.a.f. % Calorific Value cal/g Classification CL Bituminous High Volatile B/A Chico Lomã¹ CL Bituminous High Volatile B/A CL Bituminous High Volatile B/A S ta Terezinha¹ ST iv 15.4 iv 36.6 iv Bituminous High Volatile A Catarina iv Forro ,619 Bituminous High Volatile A Santa Banco ,635 Bituminous High Volatile A Santa Catarina iv Irapua Bituminous High Volatile A Classification of some Brazilian coals (Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina), according rank, chemical analysis of concentrate of vitrain, average reflectance of vitrinites and calorific value. 1 Coal Lab. Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul State - UFRGS 2 Nahuys (coal floating in 1.50) i) Dry basis ii) Dry basis and ash free iii) 20% ash iv) Coal floating in a density of 1.50

7 Coalfield Coal Products sulphur % Max. Moisture% Max. Ash d.b. % Volatile Matter d.b. % Calorific Value Kcal/Kg Calorific Value BTU/lb Calorific Value MJ/kg Company Fluidity Logo FSI Santa Catarina CE ,200 20, <2 - CE ,500 17,800 18,84 <2 - MET ,800 26, >20,000 Rio Grande Do Sul CE ,900 23, CE ,200 20, CE ,700 18, CE ,200 16, CE ,700 14, CE ,300 13, CE ,100 12, Parana CE ,000 23,

8 Coal Seams < 50 m 160 ft Candiota Coalfield Coal Resources by Overburden Range 50 m a 300 m 980 ft 300 m a 800 m 2,600 ft > 800 m TOTAL CS CS CS CS Candiota CI CI CI TOTAL Source: MME: DNPM/CPRM Thermal coal in 10 3 metric tons

9 Jacui Valley Coalfields -Capané Coal Seams < 50 m 160 ft Coal Resources by Overburden Range 50 m to 300 m 980 ft 300 m to 800 m 2,600 ft > 800 m TOTAL Capanezinho Iruí Sup Iruí Inf Jeribá TOTAL Source: MME: DNPM/CPRM Thermal coal in 10 3 metric tons

10 Jacui Valley Coalfields - Iruí Coal Seams < 50 m 160 ft Coal Resources by Overburden Range 50 m to 300 m 980 ft 300 m to 800 m 2,600 ft > 800 m TOTAL Cordilheira Capanezinho Iruí Sup Iruí Sup Iruí Inf Jeribá TOTAL Source: MME: DNPM/CPRM Thermal coal in 10 3 metric tons

11 Jacui Valley Coalfields - Leão Coal Seams < 50 m 160 ft 50 m to 300 m 980 ft 300 m t0 800 m 2,600 ft > 800 m TOTAL S S S I I I I TOTAL Source:MME: DNPM/CPRM Coal Resources by Overburden Range Thermal coal in 10 3 metric tons

12 Coal Seams Jacui Valley Coalfields - Charqueadas < 50 m 160 ft Coal Resources by Overburden Range 50 m to 300 m 980 ft 300 m to 800 m 2,600 ft > 800 m TOTAL SB MB I 1 F I 1 F A I 2 B I 3 F TOTAL Source: MME: DNPM/CPRM Thermal coal in 10 3 metric tons

13 Eastern Coalfields - Morungava & Chico Lomã* Coal Seams < 50 m 160 ft Coal Resources by Overburden Range 50 m to 300 m 980 ft 300 m to 800 m 2,600 ft > 800 m TOTAL M1/CL M2/CL M3/CL M4/CL M5/CL M6/CL TOTAL Source: MME: DNPM/CPRM *Coking an thermal coal in 10 3 metric tons

14 Eastern Coalfields - Santa Terezinha* Source: Coal Seams < 50 m 160 ft Coal Resources by Overburden Range 50 m to 300 m 980 ft 300 m to 800 m 2,600 ft > 800 m TOTAL ST ST ST ST ST TOTAL *Coking an thermal coal MME: DNPM/CPRM 5 in 10 3 metric tons

15 Santa Catarina Coalfield* Coal Seams < 50 m 160 ft Coal Resources by Overburden Range 50 m to 300 m 980 ft 300 m to 800 m 2,600 ft > 800 m TOTAL Barro Branco A Ponte Alta Bonito Superior Bonito Inferior Pré-Bonito Sup Pré-Bonito Inf TOTAL Source:MME: DNPM/CPRM *Coking an thermal coal in 10 3 metric tons

16 BRAZILIAN COAL INDUSTRY Resources: 31,7 billion ton (90% RS) Production - ROM (2007): 12,1 million ton 60 % SC Saleable Coal 6,0 million ton - 51 % RS Companies: 15 PR (1) SC (11) RS (3) Number of Employees (2007): Market Share (2007): 81,67 % Power Generation Revenues (2007): R$ 617 million

17 Candiota Mine - CRM

18 MINING RECLAMATION Copelmi Mineração

19 Coal Mining & CH 4 Copelmi Mineração/RS

20 Underground Mining - SC

21 Environmental Management Carbonifera Catarinense ISO 14000

22 Mining Reclamation in SC Reclaimed Old Mining Area

23 Energy Grow ,9% ao ano ,3% ao ano ( ) Energy Consumption A B1 B2 C 4,3% 3,7% 3,1% 2,5% Cenário A Cenário B1 Cenário B2 million toe 474,5 402,8 356,5 309,3 200, Cenário C ,1 165,0 (2005) Source : MME

24 Energy Offer (%) MATRIZ DE OFERTA DE ENERGIA (%) 100% 2,9 13,8 9,1 OUTRAS RENOVÁVEIS (4,3 H-BIO&BIODIESEL) 80% 13,0 18,5 5,5 PRODUTOS DA CANA LENHA&C.VEGETAL 60% 40% 1,2 14,8 13,5 6,3 3,0 9,4 6,9 15,5 HIDRÁULICA NUCLEAR CARVÃO MINERAL GÁS NATURAL 20% 38,7 28,0 PETRÓLEO 0% milhões tep e 44,5% renováveis 557 milhões tep e 46,6% renováveis Source :MME

25 100% ELETRIC MATRIX 2,3% 2,3% 1,5% Derivados do Petróleo 95% 90% 85% 0,0% 0,1% 80% 75% 70% Source: MME 9,9% 10,1% 9,3% 1,6% 1,9% 2,7% 2,3% 2,6% 3,3% 1,1% 1,3% 4,1% 83,9% 80,8% 2,9% 76,1% mil 143 mil 221 mil Total (MW): 84,0 % 83,2 % Gás Natural Carvão Nuclear Eólica e Outros Biomassa Hidráulica 83,1 % Renewable energy:

26 Growth of Capacity HydroPower X Water Storage (reservoir) Potência Hidráulica Instalada 300 Capacidade de Armazenamento (Usinas Representando 75%do Armazenamento Total) [MW] Armazenamento em [GWmês] Shows more thermal power generation operating in base load Source: ONS, ANEEL

27 Challenges for Coal Power Generation High Cost of Power Generation - EPC costs growing due to high demand and Brazilian Coal Characteristics Bid is favorable to flexible units Brazilian coal needs take or pay (40-50%) High taxation PAC tax relief is not enough We need fair bid with other energy sources: - PPA 15 X 30 years - Financing conditions - Igual take or pay basis

28 Power Generation Costs Comparison Type of Power Generation Coal Imported T.P. 0% Fuel Oil T.P. 0% Diesel T.P. 0% Gas T.P. 70% Brazilian Coal T.P. 30% Brazilian Coal T.P. 50% Brazilian Coal T.P. 60% ICB (no leilão) R$ 127,00 R$ 135,00 R$ 135,00 R$ 150,00 R$ 142,00 R$ 142,90 R$ 143,50 Custo Variável (quando despachado) Energy Cost (R$/MWh) R$ 91,80 R$ 235,20 R$ 390,00 218,80 370,20 525,00 150,00 142,00 142,90 143,50

29 Coal & Energy Bids 2005 : Bid A-5 Candiota III : 350 MW Jacuí : 350 MW 2007 : Bid A-5 Imported Coal : MW 2008 : Bid A-5 Brazilian Coal : MW Imported Coal : MW

30 Coal to liquids (CTL) CBM - methane UCG- In Situ Gasification New Technologies Source: LLNL/USA CONSOL/Pensilvania/US

31 R&D+I & Capacity Building Clean Coal = manage R&D and capacity building programs support from MCT and Industry. Research Centers working in network with international support SATC/SC e PUC/RS Agreements: Central Mining Institute/PO (VAM/ECBM/UCG); Ecole de Mines de Saint Etienne/FR (Mineração/ECBM); NETL/USA (CCS and gasification); MCT : U$ 26 million 2008/2010 SC : Law / => U$ 0,6 million/year

32 CLEAN COAL CENTER - CTCL SATC Criciúma/SC

33 Develop technologies for coal mining and utilization in a sustainable way Add value to coal R&D for high value products including CTL to hydrogen Optimized all process related to the coal economic chain Capacity Building Key Goals Manage the R&D + I resources

34 Clean Coal Center- Criciúma Santa Catarina

35 Tecnologic Plataform Coal ECBM Metano Adapted from: Sotacarbo, IEA/GHG

36 CTCL

37 Clean Coal Center Criciúma/SC

38 CCS in Brazil CO 2 Storage Research Center - Petrobrás/PUC/RS

39 Conclusion High energy demand in the world low offer = high prices => look for domestic energy sources Brazil will need all sources of energy and coal is important. ABCM is compromised to contribute to an sustainable energy security future to Brazil

40 THANK YOU FOR THE ATTENTION Directions :

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