2 nd Annual LatAm International Mining Conference March 2013, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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1 2 nd Annual LatAm International Mining Conference March 2013, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil The Significance of the Mining Industry for Brazil 13 March, 2013

2 PRESENTATION IBRAM Brazilian Mining Association Founded on December 10 th, 1976, the Brazilian Mining Association (IBRAM) is the Country s entity that represents corporations and organizations in the mining industry. It is a private, nonprofit association with robust coordination capabilities, and it has the following objectives: Bring together, represent, promote, and advance the Brazilian Mining Industry in order to advocate for their interests and help boost their competitiveness; Collaborate with governments, including on the development of technical studies; Promote sustainable development and use of best practices in occupational safety and health in the Mining Industry; Foster studies, research, development, innovation, and use of the best technologies available. IBRAM: Brings together 236 Corporations (Mining companies and other organizations); Represents companies that account for over 85% of Brazil s Mineral Production.

3 The Significance of the Mining Industry for Brazil Diversity of Mineral Substances Importance of Mining to Agriculture and Civil Construction Growth of Economic Classes Main numbers of the Brazilian Mineral Sector

4 PRODUCTS OF AGRICULTURAL AND MINING ORIGINS THAT POSITION BRAZIL IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY Agricultural Products Ranking Position Mineral Products Ranking Position Coffee and Sugar 1 st Niobium 1 st Vegetable Oils and Grains 2 nd Iron Ore 2 nd Fruits and Meat 3 rd Bauxite and Graphite 3 rd Cotton 5 th Kaolim and Tin 5 th Cacao 6 th Phosphate and Vermiculite 6 th Cellulose 7 th Nickel and Talc 7 th Rice 9 th Germaniun 8 th Magnesite and Cobalt 10 th Salt 11 th Ilmenite 12 th Source: USDA, FAS, USGS,

5 MINERAL PRODUCTION: BRAZIL S GLOBAL POSITION (2012)

6 MAJOR REGIONS WITH MINERAL DEPOSITS

7 LOCATION OF BRAZILIAN MINERAL PRODUCTION IN 2012 MINERAL ORE RATING Alagoas - Al Salt 1C Amapá - AP Bahia - BA Kaulim Iron ore Copper Cromite Gold 1C 1A 1B 1B 2B Ceará - CE Crushed Stone 1C Distrito Federal - DF Limestone 1A Source: DNPM /Sumário Mineral 2012 Revista Minérios e Minerales nº 345 Ratings of Mines ROM (t)/year A > B < > C < >

8 LOCATION OF BRAZILIAN MINERAL PRODUCTION IN 2012 Goiás - GO Minas Gerais - MG Copper Chrysotile Phosphate Niobium Nickel Gold Aluminium Limestone Iron Ore Phosphate Gold Zinc Source: DNPM /Sumário Mineral 2012 Revista Minérios e Minerales nº 345 MINERAL ORE RATING 1A 1A 2A 1C 1A+1B 1B 2B+1C 1A+4B+3C 24A+4B 1A 1A+1B+4C 1B+1C Ratings of Mines ROM (t)/year A > B < > C < >

9 LOCATION OF BRAZILIAN MINERAL PRODUCTION IN 2012 Mato Grosso do Sul - MS Mato Grosso - MT Pará - PA MINERAL ORE Limestone Iron Ore Limestone Gold Aluminium Kaulim Copper Iron Ore Manganese Ore RATING 1C 1A+1B+1C 1B 2A 4A+1B 2B 2A 1A 1A+1C Paraíba - PB Limestone 1B Paraná - PR Limestone 1A+1B Ratings of Mines ROM (t)/year Source: DNPM /Sumário Mineral 2012 Revista Minérios e Minerales nº 345 A > B < > C < >

10 LOCATION OF BRAZILIAN MINERAL PRODUCTION IN 2012 MINERAL ORE RATING Rio de Janeiro - RJ Limestone 2B Rio Grande do Sul - RS Limestone Coal Santa Catarina - SC Coal 2B+1C Sergipe - SE Limestone Potash São Paulo - SP Limestone 4B 2C 2B 1A 1B Source: DNPM /Sumário Mineral 2012 Revista Minérios e Minerales nº 345 Ratings of Mines ROM (t)/year A > B < > C < >

11 The Significance of the Mining Industry for Brazil Diversity of Mineral Substances Importance of Mining to Agriculture and Civil Construction Growth of Economic Classes Main numbers of the Brazilian Mineral Sector

12 BRAZIL IN THE WORLD Area > 3 million km² Bangladesh Pop > 140 million BRAZIL Nigeria Russia Pakistan India Indonesia Australia China USA Canada Source: World Bank (2012) Germany Italy France Spain United Kingdom Japan Mexico GDP > US$ 900 billion South Korea

13 FEW COUNTRIES POSSESS THE KEY ELEMENTS NECESSARY TO MAKE IT A POWERHOUSE IN WORLD AGRICULTURE. BRAZIL IS THE 4 TH LARGEST AGRICULTURE IN THE WORLD AND ONE OF THE LARGEST EXPORTERS OF GRAINS Harvested area > 30 million hectares Urban population > 80 million inhabitants Argentina BRAZIL Russia Indonesia Canada India Japan China Australia USA Mexico Harvested area higher GDP than >US$ 30 1 Trillion million hectares Germany Spain UK France Italy Source: MB Agro Vale Fertilizantes

14 THE BRAZILIAN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR The Brazilian agricultural sector continues standing out as a great producer that needs fertilizers which have mineral origin, such as phosphate and potassium

15 THE BRAZILIAN SOIL DEMANDS FERTILIZERS TO ENSURE PRODUCTIVITY BOTH I THE SHORT AND LONG TERM

16 THE BRAZILIAN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR Source: CRU and ANDA

17 COMING OUT FERTILIZER CONSUMPTION (LAST TEN YEARS) North and Northeast Region presents : Demand by fertilizer has been rasing Land and water availabe Good weather conditions The chalange of infrastructure (ports, roads, rails) Source: Anglo American and ANDA

18 GLOBAL RANKING OF FERTILIZER CONSUMPTION

19 BRAZIL S FERTILIZER CONSUMPTION IN 2011 MILLIONS OF TONS OF NUTRIENTS Domestic Production Importing Source: IFA, ANDA 2012

20 Brazilian Fertilizer Consumption (in millions tonnes of nutrients)

21 IN RECENTS YEARS, BRAZIL HAS BEEN INCREASE ITS DEPENDENCE ON IMPORTED FERTILIZERS WHILE MAINTAINING ITS DOMESTIC PRODUCTION ON FLAT

22 SOURCE OF BRAZIL S IMPORTS OF PHOSPHATE PRODUCTS

23 POTASH INTERNATIONAL TRADE MAP BY SUPPLIER Source: Fosfertil and Rio Verde Minerals

24 THE BRAZILIAN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR Source: CRU Group

25 ENERGY AND FOOD GO HAND IN HAND The per capita increase in caloric consumption will require more cheaper energy, as well as fertilizers globally for production and transportation Source: World Bank, UN, Vale and SCR

26 Source: Rinker Materials

27 THE BRAZILIAN CIVIL CONSTRUCTION SECTOR Source: Executive Summary of The 2030 National Mining Plan

28 THE BRAZILIAN CIVIL CONSTRUCTION SECTOR The term construction aggregates is used in Brazil to describe a segment of the mining industry that produces raw or processed minerals for immediate use in the construction industry. Aggregates essentially sand and crushed stone are the most consumed minerals in the world.

29 CONSUMPTION OF AGGREGATES IN BRAZIL THE IMPORTANCE OF AGGREGATES For every kilometer of a subway line, 50,000 tons (t) of aggregates are required; Paving a road requires about 9,800 tons of aggregates per kilometer; Building a 50 sq m low-cost house consumes 68 tons of aggregates; The construction of a building requires 1,360 tons for every 1,000 sq m.

30 The Significance of the Mining Industry for Brazil Diversity of Mineral Substances Importance of Mining to Agriculture and Civil Construction Growth of Economic Classes Main numbers of the Brazilian Mineral Sector

31 POPULATION World Population Population In billions 0,55 0,73 1,17 2,46 6,06 average growth % - 0,29 0,48 0,74 1,82* *Half century Source: Encyclopedia Britannica and World Bank Today 7 billions Brazil Population In millions 0,18 1,50 7,26 51,94 169,87 average growth % - 2,00 1,90 2,00 2,40* Today 195 millions *Half century Source: IBGE

32 ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES Drivers of demand Urbanization of the World Population World China 1,0 5,5 5,0 4,5 bilhões de pessoas 0,8 0,5 0,3 0, Rural população rural Urban população urbana In /3 of the world population will be urban bilhões de pessoas 4,0 3,5 3,0 2,5 2,0 1,5 1,0 0,5 0, Rural população rural Urban população urbana

33 SOCIAL PYRAMID IN BRAZIL The inversion of the social pyramid in Brazil brought more than 40 million new consumers to the market. These are accessing electronic components, automobiles, computers, consuming more food and beverage, medical and dental treatments, increased demand from construction, finally, new consumers for mineral raw materials Social Classes ,4 M 62,7 M A/B C 42,2 M 101,7 M 92,9 M D/E 47,9 M Source: Cetelem-Ipsos

34 WORLD POPULATION IN 2030 The World has ~ 7 billion people. According to the UN, that number will rise to 8,3 billion by ,789 kcal is the global averagem of each person consumes per day Convergence in 2030 Per capita consumption in development countries 3,314 kcal/day will

35 BRAZIL HAS A CONFORTABLE SITUATION IN ENERGY Critical uncertainties

36 BRAZIL HAS A CONFORTABLE SITUATION IN ENERGY

37 The Significance of the Mining Industry for Brazil Diversity of Mineral Substances Importance of Mining to Agriculture and Civil Construction Growth of Economic Classes Main numbers of the Brazilian Mineral Sector

38 MINING COMPANIES IN BRAZIL Total 8,870 companies reported to DNPM in 2011

39 TRENDS IN BRAZIL S MINING PRODUCTION Values in US$ BILLION Source: IBRAM 2013

40 TRADE BALANCE FOR THE MINING INDUSTRY BRAZIL'S MINERAL TRADE BALANCE IN 2012 = US$ 29,550 billions BRAZIL'S TRADE BALANCE IN 2012 = US$ 19,425 billions

41 BRAZIL'S MINING TRADE BALANCE IN 2012 EXPORTS AND IMPORTS Source: AliceWeb/MDIC

42 September 23 rd to 26 th, 2013 Belo Horizonte in MG state Brazil

43

44 THANK YOU Marcelo Ribeiro Tunes

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