1 OVERVIEW & OUTLOOK: BRAZILIAN SUGARCANE INDUSTRY Leticia Phillips Representative, North America Washington, August 1, 2012
2 Fonte: LMC, F.O.Licht s, Secex, UNICA e Rais. KEY NUMBERS - BRAZILIAN SUGARCANE SECTOR Number of mills: 413 Sugarcane growers: 70,000 Direct employment: 1.18 million Sector annual revenue: US$ 28 billion Foreign Revenue (Exports): US$ 16.2 billion % Energy Matrix: 18% - 2 nd source (behind oil) and 1 st source of renewable energy 1 st SUGAR PRODUCER IN THE WORLD 25% of world production 50% of world exports 2 nd ETHANOL PRODUCER IN THE WORLD 20% of world production 20% of world exports
3 BRAZILIAN ENERGY MATRIX INPUT World Energy Supply Structure (%) Natural Gas 10.3% Wood and other biomass 9.7% Other Coal and renewables derivatives 5.2% 4.0% Uranium 1.4% Hydro 14.0% Petroleum and derivatives 37.6% Sugarcane 17.8 % Brazil (2010) World (2008) OECD (2009) Non-renewable #1 Source of Renewable Energy in BR (million toe) Toe: tons of oil equivalent Source: Balanço Energético nacional BEN (2011) and International Energy Agency. Key World Statistics Elaboration: UNICA
4 MULTIPLE SUGARCANE USE Sugar for domestic market Ethanol for domestic fuel market Ethanol exports Detergents, solvents lubricants Sugar exports Other uses Bioeletricity Diesel from sugarcane
5 Million Ha* LAND USE IN BRAZIL Total Area Native Vegetation Land in Actual Use Other Uses % 65% 30% 5% Conservation Units and ILs Permanent Protected Areas Other Native Vegetation % % % Pastures Crop Land % 7% Sugarcane 9.5 1% Sugarcane FOR ETHANOL % Ethanol Productivity Source: ICONE, Gerd Sparovek, IBGE, MMA, INPE/TerraClass, Embrapa, PAM2010. Elaboration: Cosan and UNICA. Note: ILs = Indigenous Lands. Other Native Vegetation include Legal Reserves (RLs) 0 70 s Today Future
6 SUGARCANE AGROECOLOGICAL ZONING IN BRAZIL 1. Excludes sugarcane production in the most sensitive biomes, e.g. Amazonia and Pantanal. 2. Excludes any type of native vegetation for sugarcane expansion, e.g. Cerrados, Campos. 3. Feasible areas for sugarcane expansion: 64.7 m hectares, or 7.5% of the Brazilian territory. Currently 1% of the area is used for sugarcane.
7 Sugar (million tons) Ethanol (billion liters) 75/76 77/78 Source: UNICA and MAPA. Note: 11/12* - estimated data. 79/80 81/82 83/84 85/86 87/88 89/90 91/92 93/94 95/96 97/98 99/00 01/02 03/04 05/06 07/08 09/10 11/12* Sugarcane (million tons) NATIONAL SUGARCANE CRUSHING SUGAR AND ETHANOL: HISTORICAL OVERVIEW Proalcool program 1 st phase: strong government intervention; pure ethanol vehicles & distribution Overview of the last FFV decade Automakers decision Sugarcane Sugar Ethanol
8 Millions NATIONAL LIGHT VEHICLE FLEET Today, 12 automakers offer over 90 models of flex fuel vehicles, which already account for 50% of the Brazilian light vehicle fleet % 10 51% Flex fuel Gasoline Ethanol (only) Source: UNICA.
9 2000/ / / / / / / / / / /11* 2011/12** Million tons DECADE OVERVIEW 1. World financial crisis acquisitions involving affected companies Launch of flex fuel vehicles in 2003 Global interest in ethanol 2. Weather problems in three consecutive harvests Loss of Ethanol: domestic 10.5% competitiveness a.a. for ethanol compared to gasoline Sugar: 8.9% a.a. 600 Stagnation 560 MT Sugar Ethanol - exports Ethanol - domestic use Sourcee: UNICA and Ministry of Agriculture,Livestock and Supply. Nota: 11/12 estimate
10 POTENTIAL OF CELLULOSIC ETHANOL IN BRAZIL Conventional 1 hectare CANE JUICE+ MOLASSES 1850 G Conventional+ Cellulose 1 hectare CANE JUICE+ MOLASSES +BAGASSE+STRAW 3302 G(+78%) or more Project in Alagoas 21.6 MG Start of Production 2013/14; with bagasse +straw approximately + 35% increase in productivity (technology M&G, DSM, Novozymes)
11 TECHNOLOGY STATUS Product Laboratory Pilot Plant Demonstration Plant Market Ethanol 1st generation Ethanol 2nd generation BioHC (Diesel, Jet Fuel etc) Butanol 2nd generation Commercial scale plants are expected to start operation within next two-three years but it will take close to a decade until production reach significant volumes. Could this time be shortened by better technologies?!
12 PRODUCTION EVOLUTION IN THE CENTER-SOUTH REGION IN 07/16/2012 Produtos ACUMULADA QUINZENAL 2011/ /13 Variação (%) 2011/ /13 Variação (%) Cana-de-açúcar ¹ ,86% ,94% Açúcar ¹ ,20% ,95% Etanol anidro ² ,64% ,73% Etanol hidratado ² ,81% ,81% Etanol total ² ,37% ,50% ATR ¹ ,51% ,21% ATR/ tonelada de cana ³ 125,69 121,42-3,40% 135,96 130,53-4,00% açúcar 45,86% 47,26% 49,18% 50,24% Mix (%) etanol 54,14% 52,74% 50,82% 49,76% Litros etanol/ tonelada de cana 39,97 37,66-5,78% 40,57 38,05-6,20% Kg açúcar/ tonelada de cana 54,92 54,68-0,44% 63,71 62,49-1,91% Fonte: UNICA. Nota: ¹ - mil toneladas; ² - milhões de litros; ³ - kg de ATR/ tonelada de cana; dados sujeitos a pequenos ajustes.
13 SALES OF FUEL ETHANOL BY THE CENTER-SOUTH MILLS Amount in thousand L Mês ETANOL ANIDRO ETANOL HIDRATADO ETANOL TOTAL Var.(%) Var.(%) Var.(%) Abr ,2% ,5% ,5% Mai ,8% ,7% ,3% Jun ,9% ,0% ,2% Jul* ,6% ,2% ,3% Acum.na safra ,2% ,0% ,9% Fonte: UNICA. Nota: as vendas no mercado interno de etanol anidro incluem as importações por produtores e não produtores. "Jul*" refere-se à primeira quinzena de Julho.
14 SALES OF ETHANOL FOR EXPORT BY THE CENTER-SOUTH MILLS Amount in thousand litters Mês ETANOL ANIDRO ETANOL HIDRATADO ETANOL TOTAL Var.(%) Var.(%) Var.(%) Abr ,0% ,9% ,4% Mai ,7% ,9% ,3% Jun ,5% ,2% ,1% Jul* ,7% ,6% ,1% Acum.na safra ,8% ,9% ,0% Fonte: UNICA. Nota: "Jul*" refere-se à primeira quinzena de Julho.
15 TOTAL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY OF THE CENTER- SOUTH CANE FIELS Smaller productivity in the beginning of the harvest was compensated by the gains observed in the last two months. 66 abril maio junho julho*p Safra 2011/2012 Safra 2012/2013 Fonte: CTC. Elaboração: UNICA. Nota: julho* os valores da produtividade refere-se ao levantamento realizado nos primeiros 15 dias do mês.
16 ton cana/ha MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY OF THE CENTER-SOUTH CANE FIELDS % abril maio junho julho* Safra 2011/2012 Safra 2012/2013 Fonte: CTC. Elaboração: UNICA. Nota: julho os valores da produtividade refere-se ao levantamento realizado nos primeiros 15 dias do mês.
17 OUTLOOK OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND OF ETHANOL FOR THE 2012/2013 HARVEST (APRIL/MARCH) Bilhões de litros Produtos 2011/ /13 Vol. Variação % DEMANDA CICLO OTTO (exceto GNV) Volume em gasolina eq. 44,66 46,98 2,32 5,2% CONSUMO DE ETANOL Etanol anidro 8,37 7,63-0,74-8,8% Etanol hidratado 11,26 12,14 0,88 7,8% Etanol total 19,63 19,77 0,14 0,7% CONSUMO DE GASOLINA Gasolina C 36,79 38,48 1,69 4,6% Gasolina A 28,42 30,85 2,42 8,5% Fonte: UNICA.
18 U.S. RENEWABLE FUELS STANDARD (RFS-2) Billions of Gallons Sugarcane Ethanol is Advanced Renewable Fuel with 61% GHG Reduction L O W E R G H G Celulosic Advanced Biomass-based Diesel Non-celulosic Advanced Conventional Biofuels Source: EISA of 2008, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (RFS-2) Final Rule.
19 Grams of CO 2 per megajoule LCFS WITH INDIRECT LAND USE PENALTY Despite Modeling Errors, Sugarcane Ethanol is Lowest Carbon Liquid Fuel Fonte: California Air Resources Board s Low Carbon Fuel Standard.
A Global Perspective on the EU Biofuel Subsidies Reform Biofuels policy: Some insights from Brazil Géraldine Kutas Senior Advisor to the President for International Affairs Head of International Affairs
BRAZILIAN SUGARCANE INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION UNIÃO DA INDÚSTRIA DE CANA-DE-AÇÚCAR Outlook for Sugarcane Ethanol An Update on the Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Leticia Phillips email@example.com www.unica.com.br
October 16, 2014 VIA ELECTRONIC MAIL Mike Waug Branch Chief, Alternative Fuels Section California Air Resources Board 1001 I Street Sacramento, CA 95814 RE: UNICA s Comments on Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol
BRAZIL: ENERGY & FOOD THE SUGAR CANE CASE Fernando Moreira Ribeiro, Secretary General UNICA - Sugar Cane Industry Union, Brazil September 2007 BRAZILIAN FUEL ETHANOL HISTORY 1925 First tests using ethanol
Fifth Stakeholder Plenary Meeting of EBTP Session 5: Global approaches to support for advanced biofuels - how the need for a comprehensive policy framework is being addressed Géraldine Kutas Senior Advisor
BRAZILIAN SUGARCANE INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION UNIÃO DA INDÚSTRIA DE CANA-DE-AÇÚCAR Outlook for Sugarcane Biofuels Building on Brazil s s Experience with ethanol Joel Velasco Chief Representative North America
Learning from creating a world class biofuels industry in Brazil Alexandre Strapasson Conference of the Biorefining Alliance at The Danish Parliament Copenhagen, 25 th Nov 2013 KEY FIGURES ABOUT BRAZIL
Groupe d Economie Mondiale (GEM) Sciences Po Quel avenir pour le modèle brésilien en matière de biocarburants? Marcos S. Jank President, Brazilian Institute for International Trade Negotiations Professor
Biofuels: how much, how fast and how difficult. Prof. José Goldemberg University of São Paulo São Paulo, Brazil Land Use for Ethanol (2006) BRAZIL Ethanol production from sugarcane Agricultural area (million
ETHANOL AS PREFERENTIAL FUEL FOR THE FUTURE OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE Ricardo Simões de Abreu Frente Inovar-Auto 2 - Sindipeças Julho de 2015 1 Ethanol is key to complement Brazilian Energetic Matrix
1st Policy dialogue on energy efficiency in Latin America and the Caribbean: towards sustainable institutionalities How to reposition the energy sector s role in economic development, through innovation
brazilian agribusiness in figures 2010 ranking Brazilian Production and Exports Ranking Brazil plays a leading role as a global supplier of agribusiness products 1 st 1 st 1 st 2 nd Sources: USDA and Brazilian
1 2 More and more, the main drivers towards a global energy transition; concerns on oil dependence and energy costs, global and local environmental problems, opportunity for economic activation of agro-industrial
Labor market indicators of the Sugar Cane-AgroSystem in Brazil Ethanol Summit Sao Paulo Jun 2007 Márcia Azanha Ferraz Dias de Moraes ESALQ/University of São Paulo The competitiviness of the Brazilian sugar
The Inmetro LCA Collaboration Introduction Biofuels and the Environment Currently, the default fuels worldwide are from fossil origin. Lately, with the tighter regulations and with the increase in environmental
USE OF BIO-FUELS IN BRAZIL Alfred Szwarc Consultant Ministry of Science and Technology In-Session Workshop on Mitigation SBSTA 21 / COP 10 December 9, 2004 Buenos Aires Brazilian experience with fuel grade
OVERVIEW OF BRAZIL BIOFUEL BUSINESS Tsukuba, October 29, 2009 IEA Bioenergy Kuniyuki Terabe Petrobras General Manager firstname.lastname@example.org OVERVIEW OF BRAZIL BIOFUEL BUSINESS AGENDA > BIOFUEL IN BRAZIL
GET THE S RIGHT AND KILL THE MYTHS Given the ongoing debate on ethanol benefits, it is important to distinguish fallacious myths from honest facts MYTH #1 Brazilian sugarcane ethanol leads to the deforestation
The Journal of Science Policy & Governance POLICY MEMO: INCREASING SUSTAINABLE BIOMASS THROUGH PRODUCTION TAX CREDITS BY Ashley Paulsworth email@example.com Executive Summary As various tax credits
Sugarcane Polyolefins Adding value through the use of I m green Polyethylene Marco Jansen January 2014 AGENDA Braskem overview Brazil unique framework for green chemistry development Sugar cane based polyethylene:
IEA Bioenergy Workshop & Business Forum on Sustainable Biomass Production for the World Market BRAZILIAN SUGARCANE ETHANOL: LESSONS LEARNED Prof. Suani Coelho CENBIO The Brazilian Reference Center on Biomass
PETROBRAS BUSINESS & ENVIRONMENT January 2002 GLOBAL ISSUES: THINK GLOBALLY Globalisation, liberalisation, technology advances Global stakeholder empowerment Social accountability CNN world Climate change
BIOFUELS IN BRAZIL: A CASE STUDY Brazil is the current global leader in the use of ethanol as a fuel source. An examination of the history of Brazil s sugarcane ethanol industry can provide valuable insight
Greenhouse-Gas Consequences of US Corn-based Ethanol Policies Michael T. Coe and Eric A. Davidson1, Daniel C. Nepstad2, Simon D. Donner3, Mercedes M. C. Bustamante4, and Chris Neill5 1The Woods Hole Research
Regulatory Role of ANTAQ (National i lagency for Waterway Transportation) and Brazilian foreign trade MEDLOG Conférence Mediterranéenne de la Logistique Les perspective des échanges internationaux de l
Capacity Building Workshop on GHG LCA and Policy Applications Tokyo, Japan Brazilian work on GHG LCA of bioenergy in Brazil Joaquim E. A. Seabra Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica Departamento de Energia
Solar with Jobs: Towards sustainable Energy Products from Sugarcane in Southern Africa SANEA 12 October 2011 Presentation Outline Tongaat Hulett - Background Sugarcane Agriculture & Processing International
SUGARCANE POTENTIAL Food & Energy 30 October 2013 SA Sugar Industry economic contribution SA sugarcane industry is Diverse agriculture, sugars (raw, refined, specialised), syrups and range of by-products
Ethanol as Fuel: Energy, Carbon Dioxide Balances, and Ecological Footprint Marcelo E. Dias de Oliveira Dr: Burton Vaughan -adjunct professor Biological Sciences - WSU Dr: Edward Rykiel Jr - associate professor
Positioning Brazil for biofuels success Positioning Brazil for biofuels success The country now produces ethanol more cheaply than anywhere else on Earth, but that may not be true for long. Vicente Assis,
From Biomass NREL Leads the Way to Biofuels The Wide World of Biofuels Fuel Source Benefits Maturity Grain/Sugar Ethanol Biodiesel Corn, sorghum, and sugarcane Vegetable oils, fats, and greases Produces
GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE BIOENERGY PROJECT AGRICULTURE FOR FOOD AND FOR BIOENEGY: IS IT POSSIBLE? Dr. Rodolfo Quintero-Ramírez March 24 th, 2010 Sao Paulo, Brazil ? FOOD ANIMAL FEED AGRICULTURE BIOENERGY BIOPRODUCTS
The Sugarcane Industry : a sustainable source of renewable energy 30 JULY 2012 1 Presentation Outline Industry Location Contribution to the Economy Global Focus on Greener Technologies Global Competitiveness
Agrofuels and the Rainforest The agrofuels boom A number of Latin and Central American countries (namely Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador and Guatemala) are currently experiencing
May 2006 ETHANOL: LESSONS FROM BRAZIL by David Sandalow Ethanol is hot. In the United States, production increased by more than 20% in 2005. The nation s 97 ethanol plants are operating at close to full
GLOBAL BIOFUELS OUTLOOK 2010-2020 MAELLE SOARES PINTO DIRECTOR BIOFUELS EUROPE & AFRICA WORLD BIOFUELS MARKETS, ROTTERDAM MARCH 23, 2011 Presentation Overview Global Outlook Biofuels Mandates in 2010 Total
Renewable Energy Electricity from Sugar Cane Fibre in South Africa and Region NERSA Consultation Paper Cogeneration Regulatory Rules and COFIT Public Hearing Pretoria 3 May 2011 Wolfgang Fechter 032 4394304
Ethanol Alcohol Fuel Act, Law Decree 17-85, and its Regulations of the Law of Alcohol Fuel, AG 420-85 Status: Active but inoperative by current market conditions of hydrocarbons. Characteristic Price fixing
BRAZIL Social-Biodiversity Brazilian Megabiodiveristy População total Área total BRAZIL: Mi Main Statistics i Base Year 2008 Área florestal por habitante 184 milhões 851 milhões ha 2,85 ha Proporção de
McDonell Academy Global Energy and Environment Partnership 3 rd Symposium on the Global Energy Future WUSTL/I-CARES/MAGEEP St Louis, MO - October 1-5, 201 Biofuels - sugarcane ethanol: the Brazilian perspective
Economic upswing and sustainable energy development Marcelo Khaled Poppe Primary energy supply Oil 47.1% Nuclear 1.2% Coal 7.4% Natural Gas 5.5% Traditional biomass (unsustainable) 3.4% New renewable Modern
Callus formation on sugarcane leaf roles under sterile tissue culture conditions representing the first step of genetic modification of sugarcane. 68 Bayer research 25 Sugarcane Agriculture Biotechnology
Biofuels: Demand for Ethanol and Biodiesel Example: India Compiled by Dr Shoumen Palit Austin Datta School of Engineering Massachusetts Institute of Technology Dr Shoumen Palit Austin Datta, MIT firstname.lastname@example.org
AN OVERVIEW ON AGRICULTURE AND AGRIBUSINESS IN BRAZIL Rui Samarcos Lora Coordinator Office for International Relations Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply Summary 1 Brazilian Agriculture
NASEO 2014 Mid Atlantic Regional State 25x 25: Progressing Towards the Goal Ernie Shea Project Coordinator May 1, 2014 Valley Forge, PA Energy Offices Meeting 25x 25: A National Alliance Formed through
Renewable energy in transport Source: http://worldwideed.staradvertiserblogs.com/2009/11/23/fun-day-monday-free-transport-from-naia-airport World transport energy use is growing rapidly Source: IEA Energy
Business Overview: 2015Q2 Performance June 2015 Fully Integrated Sugar & Energy Company Note : Conversion Ratio 1 ton of Sugar Cane = 105 kg of sugar + 45 kg of Molasses + 50 kg of Filter Cake + 295 kg
Fuel Japan XII JAPAN-BRAZIL Jot Ecomic Committee Meetg CNI - Nipp Keidanren March 6, 26 - Sao Paulo Takao Omae Mitsui & Co., Ltd. 1 World Producti, Share by Applicati Producti/Estimati Share by Applicati
U.S. Agricultural & Biofuels Policy Classifying Biofuel Subsidies: Farm Bill and WTO Considerations 12:00-1:30 pm, September 14, 2010 Rayburn Office Building, Room B - 340 Randy Schnepf Specialist in Agricultural
Sustainable Energy and Biofuel Strategies for Colombia BIOFUELS MARKET STUDY 1 Outline of Biofuel Market Study STEP1 Diagnosis national situation Overview the situation of the biofuels in Colombia, STEP2
GSB PROJECT The Latin American Convention of the Global Sustainable Bioenergy Project 23 to 25 March 2010 Latin American Vision The next 50 years SUSTAINABILITY: WATER USE, FERTILIZER, SOIL CARBON Heitor
may/2014 email@example.com www.braskem.com I M GREEN TM POLYETHYLENE INNOVATION AND DIFFERENTIATION FOR YOUR PRODUCT and be innovative I m green TM Polyethylene: biopolymer that offers versatility and
Natural Gas and Transportation Fuels Eric Cutter Energy & Environmental Economics, Inc. (E3) Presented to: Natural Gas and Transportation Fuels Subcommittee Boise, Idaho August 2, 2006 353 Sacramento Street,
The impact of biofuels on the world fertilizer market By Oliver Hatfield, Director Integer Research Ltd TFI Conference, November 2007 Presentation overview Definitions and scope Factors which translate
STATEMENT OF HOWARD GRUENSPECHT DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND POWER UNITED STATES
Cosan S/A EARNINGS PRESENTATION November 10, 2016 EARNINGS PRESENTATION 2 DISCLAIMER This presentation contains estimates and forward-looking statements regarding our strategy and opportunities for future
Voluntary - Public Clearance Office: All - FAS Date: 6/24/2009 GAIN Report Number: SW9008 Sweden Post: Stockholm Biofuels Annual Report Categories: Bio-Fuels Approved By: Stephen Huete Prepared By: Bettina
Opportunities for Environmental Research in Brazil ADRIANA M. M. PIRES Research and Development Head at Embrapa Environment firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.cnpma.embrapa.br /brazil WHY HAVING PROJECTS
INTRODUCTION TO THE Program planning for export market development must take into account the diversity of market development programs, geographic realities, economic conditions, the nature of constraints
BIOFUELS INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE UNITED STATES: CURRENT STATUS AND FUTURE CHALLENGES by Frank Rusco* Background paper for the IFP/IEA/ITF Workshop on Developing infrastructure for alternative transport fuels
Building a Sustainable Biofuels Business: an Overview of the Market and BP Biofuels BP Biofuels a growing alternative Presentation title second line if required Kristen Kurczak, BP Biofuels Johannesburg,
Governor s Executive Order, 9-5 Dept. of Ecology, Air Quality Program Bob Saunders New Date New Topic Format Mar 25 May 18 Jul 17 Alternatives Input; possibly review econ input highhlights, i.e.investment,
Flex Fuel Vehicles in Brazil Henry Joseph Jr. ANFAVEA Energy & Environment Affairs Commission Brasília, March 22 th, 2013. The Brazilian Automobile Industry Local Manufacturers (2012) - 26 companies Net
Scientific Research in Renewable Energy in Brazil Marcos Buckeridge Department of Botany, University of São Paulo Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory, CTBE, Campinas email@example.com BIOENERGY:
Abengoa in the USA At Abengoa, we believe that the world needs solutions that allow us to develop more sustainably 1 Abengoa (MCE: ABG.B/P SM /NASDAQ: ABGB) is an international company that applies innovative
Energy in Thailand : Facts & Figures Q1 Primary Energy Supply Final Energy Consumption Alternative and Renewable Energy Green Electricity Bioenergy Biofuels Energy Efficiency Energy in Thailand : Facts
RATION FOR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT OF BIOTECHNOLOGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY BIOETHANOL FOR COLOMBIAN FUELS LAMNET Workshop Kwa-Shukela Convention Centre Durban, Republic of South Africa 19-21 August 2002 David
Renewable Energy Development and Environment in Thailand: Rangsan Sarochawikasit 1. Thailand national energy policy Dr Thaksin Shinawatra s government has formulated an energy policy to emphasize and promote
Scaling up the Ethanol Program in Brazil Opportunities and Challenges Rio, 26 March 2007 Workshop FBDS A Expansão da Agroenergia 1 As vantagens dos biocombustíveis Environmental Benefits - carbon sequestration
Urban Transport XVIII 51 Biofuels for urban transport: Brazilian potential and implications for sustainable development M. D. Berni, S. V. Bajay & P. C. Manduca Interdisciplinary Center on Energy Planning,
Impact of reducing the pre harvest burning of sugar-cane area on respiratory health in Brazil Alexandre Nicolella Department of Economics University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto MGG n.7 University of Kent
Brazil s Response to Lower Commodity Prices Will Infrastructure Improvements Support Further Expansion? By Dr. Michael Cordonnier www.soybeansandcorn.com firstname.lastname@example.org 630-325-0192 (Chicago) Overview
Ethanol Sugar Bioelectricity 500-YEARS-YOUNG Portuguese sailors discovered Brazil in the year 1500, and one of their first acts was to plant sugarcane. Sugar has been an integral part of Brazil s social,
Summary The increasing world energy demand, depletion and unequal distribution of fossil resources, and the dangers caused by climate change are the driving forces for the development of alternative energy
Outline Present Situation of Ethanol Use in Brazil Francisco E. B. Nigro Professor São Paulo: October 4 th, 2012 Outline Energy Demand by Light Vehicles in Brazil Ethanol Participation as a Spark-ignition
Transforming America s Energy Future Kentucky Energy Statistics Developed by 2 2 Summary The first edition of Kentucky Energy Statistics is offered by the National Association for State Energy Officials
Innovative Technology Solutions for Sustainability ABENGOA Bioenergy Outlook Javier Garoz 8th Annual Analyst and Investor Day Chief Executive Officer, Abengoa Bioenergy April 3 & 4, 2014 Forward-looking
Sugar cane Presented by: Daniel Bachner Global Head Sugar cane December 4, 2013 Classification: PUBLIC Brazil: the world s leading sugar cane producer 2012 global sugar cane production: 1774Mt USA Pakistan
The Value Proposition for Cellulosic and Advanced Biofuels Under the Federal Renewable Fuel Standard Executive Summary This paper demonstrates that the federal Renewable Fuel Standard ( RFS ) established
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.