Security and privacy in RFID

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Security and privacy in RFID"

Transcription

1 Security and privacy in RFID Jihoon Cho ISG PhD Student Seminar 8 November 2007

2 Outline 1 RFID Primer 2 Passive RFID tags 3 Issues on Security and Privacy 4 Basic Tags 5 Symmetric-key Tags 6 Conclusion

3 Outline 1 RFID Primer 2 Passive RFID tags 3 Issues on Security and Privacy 4 Basic Tags 5 Symmetric-key Tags 6 Conclusion

4 Radio Frequency Identification RFID is a family of emerging technologies for automated identification of objects and people, and the system components are 1 RFID tag 2 RFID reader attached/embedded to/into items to be identified transmits data over the air in response to interrogation by an RFID reader consists of coupling element for communications (and also possibly power supply) and microchip forms the radio interface to tags provides high-level interface to a host computer system to transmit the captured tag data 3 Back-end Server maintains relevant information for identification process

5 Radio Frequency Identification RFID is a family of emerging technologies for automated identification of objects and people, and the system components are 1 RFID tag 2 RFID reader attached/embedded to/into items to be identified transmits data over the air in response to interrogation by an RFID reader consists of coupling element for communications (and also possibly power supply) and microchip forms the radio interface to tags provides high-level interface to a host computer system to transmit the captured tag data 3 Back-end Server maintains relevant information for identification process

6 RFID tags

7 Active vs. Passive Active tags Passive tags Power Source battery powered powered by radio waves Life limited by battery unlimited Range up to hundreds of meters up to 3-5m Cost $ $

8 Current RFID applications 1 Supply-chain/inventory management Electronic Product Code (EPC) tags (under development) containers and crates/pallets tracking 2 Asset-tracking system health-care information system (partly currently used) (drug/medicine identification and staff/patient tracking) e-passport (under development) children and animal (pet) tracking library baggage handling in airport 3 Access control proximity card car immobiliser 4 Contactless payment system SpeedPass TM, American Express ExpressPay TM, Mastercard PayPass TM

9 RFID becomes ubiquitous Advantages of RFID RFID has been originally suggested as a successor to the optical barcode 1 Automation - no line-of-sight contact with readers and no human intervention 2 Unique identification - not only a generic product identifier but an individual serial number What s behind RFID 1 Efforts of large organisations such as WalMart, US DoD, and etc 2 Tag cost dropping and RFID standardisation 3 Development of EPC technologies

10 RFID becomes ubiquitous Advantages of RFID RFID has been originally suggested as a successor to the optical barcode 1 Automation - no line-of-sight contact with readers and no human intervention 2 Unique identification - not only a generic product identifier but an individual serial number What s behind RFID 1 Efforts of large organisations such as WalMart, US DoD, and etc 2 Tag cost dropping and RFID standardisation 3 Development of EPC technologies

11 RFID becomes ubiquitous Advantages of RFID RFID has been originally suggested as a successor to the optical barcode 1 Automation - no line-of-sight contact with readers and no human intervention 2 Unique identification - not only a generic product identifier but an individual serial number What s behind RFID 1 Efforts of large organisations such as WalMart, US DoD, and etc 2 Tag cost dropping and RFID standardisation 3 Development of EPC technologies

12 Electronic Product Code & EPCglobal 1 EPC tag is a Barcode-type RFID device 2 EPCgolbal : an organization set up to achieve world-wide adoption and standardization of EPC technology 3 EPCglobal is currently working on reader and tag communication protocols middleware between reader and enterprise systems Object Name Service (ONS) with VeriSign EPC Information Service (EPC-IS) and EPC Discovery Service (EPC-DS)

13 RFID Standards 1 Standards for logistic applications ISO/IEC ISO/IEC ISO/IEC Standards for automatic livestock identification ISO ISO Standards for vicinity coupling cards ISO/IEC ISO/IEC ISO/IEC ISO/IEC Supply-chain management EPC (under development)

14 Outline 1 RFID Primer 2 Passive RFID tags 3 Issues on Security and Privacy 4 Basic Tags 5 Symmetric-key Tags 6 Conclusion

15 Issues on passive tags 1 Passive tags with very limited memory and logical gates will be mostly deployed in mass market 2 Most of current privacy concerns focus on applications using passive tags, and those include smart check-out in supermarket RFID-enabled banknote medical drugs and luxury goods human identification through tag injection under skin 3 Active tags are assumed to provide strong security and privacy protection with strong cryptographic primitives

16 Coupling and Frequencies 1 Frequency bands LF (Low Frequency): khz HF (High Frequency): MHz UHF (Ultra High Frequency): 868/915 MHz MW (Microwave): 2.45 and 5.8 GHz 2 Due to process known coupling Inductive coupling within the near field region Electromagnetic coupling in the far field

17 Outline 1 RFID Primer 2 Passive RFID tags 3 Issues on Security and Privacy 4 Basic Tags 5 Symmetric-key Tags 6 Conclusion

18 Read range issues 1 Nominal read range maximum distance at which a normally operating reader (with ordinary antenna and ordinary power output) can reliably scan tag data ex. ISO : 10cm 2 Rogue read range a determined attacker might still achieve longer distances using larger antenna and/or higher signal transmission power ex. ISO : 50cm 3 Tag-to-reader eavesdropping read range once a tag is powered, a second reader can monitor resulting tag emissions without itself outputting signal might be longer than rogue read range 4 Reader-to-tag eavesdropping read range this signal can be received hundreds of meters away

19 Privacy

20 Privacy (I) Tags respond to reader interrogation without alerting their owners or bears, and most tags emit unique identifiers 1 Location privacy pooled several clandestine scans reveals a tag bearer s whereabout along a tag reading infrastructure 2 Data privacy certain tags such as EPC tags carry information about items EPC tag bearers are subject to clandestine inventorying Privacy, however, is not just consumer concerns - ex. military or company supply-chain management

21 Privacy (I) Tags respond to reader interrogation without alerting their owners or bears, and most tags emit unique identifiers 1 Location privacy pooled several clandestine scans reveals a tag bearer s whereabout along a tag reading infrastructure 2 Data privacy certain tags such as EPC tags carry information about items EPC tag bearers are subject to clandestine inventorying Privacy, however, is not just consumer concerns - ex. military or company supply-chain management

22 Privacy (I) Tags respond to reader interrogation without alerting their owners or bears, and most tags emit unique identifiers 1 Location privacy pooled several clandestine scans reveals a tag bearer s whereabout along a tag reading infrastructure 2 Data privacy certain tags such as EPC tags carry information about items EPC tag bearers are subject to clandestine inventorying Privacy, however, is not just consumer concerns - ex. military or company supply-chain management

23 Privacy (II) 1 Euro banknote in 2001, European Central Bank planed to embed RFID tags into banknote as anti-counterfeiting measure it seems increasingly implausible due to technical difficulties 2 Human-implantable chips VeriChip TM for health-care information system flamed the passion of privacy advocates 3 E-passport ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation) promulgated the guideline for RFID-enabled passport the US has mandated the adoption of these standards by VISA-waiver countries delayed due to technical challenges

24 Authentication 1 Privacy concerns that bad readers harvest information from good tags, but authentication concerns that good readers detect bad tags 2 EPC tags are vulnerable to simple counterfeiting attacks 3 Detect cloning by consistent and centralised data collection, but not always possible 4 Various countermeasures but permit limited solutions

25 Adversary Model 1 RFID system is secure and private for what? formal model that characterises the capabilities of potential adversaries - as form of a game in cryptography 2 We need formulation of weakened security models that accurately reflects real-world threat and real-world tag capabilities 3 Multiple communication layers in RFID systems cryptographic security models captures top-layer communication protocols between tags and readers need to consider low layer and physical levels of communications 4 Security models in literatures Okubo, Szuki, and Kinoshita ( 03) (symmetric-tags) Juels ( 04) - Minimalist security model (basic tags) Juels and Weis ( 06) - Strong privacy model (symmetric-key tags) Avoine ( 05) Zhang and King ( 08)

26 Outline 1 RFID Primer 2 Passive RFID tags 3 Issues on Security and Privacy 4 Basic Tags 5 Symmetric-key Tags 6 Conclusion

27 Killing 1 Dead tags cannot talk - Kill the TAG 2 Currently in EPC Class-1 Gen-2 tags 3 When an EPC tag receives a kill command from a reader, it renders itself permanently inoperative 4 Kill command is PIN-protected 5 It eliminates all of the post-purchase benefits of RFID

28 Re-naming approaches : Minimalist 1 Tags contain small collection of pseudonyms and release a different one upon each reader inquiry 2 Throttle tag replies to prevent rogue readers rapidly reading out all available pseudonyms of tags in a single sweep, it slows down response for quick interrogations

29 Re-naming approaches : re-encryption (I) 1 Juels and Pappu ( 03) proposed public key re-encryption scheme to enhance consumer privacy for RFID-enabled banknote 2 Scheme law enforcement holds private/public key pair (x, y) of ElGamal encryption scheme banknote serial number s encrypted to c = E y (s) to prevent malicious tracing, c is periodically re-encrypted to c to prevent malicious writing, keyed writing by optical-scanning the banknote 3 They introduced the principle that cryptography can enhance tag privacy, even when tags themselves cannot perform cryptographic operations

30 Re-naming approaches : re-encryption (II) 1 What about if we have multiple key pairs? 2 Including a public key in tags, however, permits certain degree of malicious tracking and profiling 3 Universal re-encryption permits re-encryption without knowledge of the corresponding public key in public-key encryption schemes 4 Golle et al. ( 04) proposed ElGamal-based universal re-encryption 5 It suffers from serious attacks, since it does not preserve integrity

31 Re-naming approaches: re-encryption (III) 1 Ateniese, Camenisch, and de Medeiros ( 05) 2 Insubvertible encryption scheme which also permits universal re-encrpytion 3 Ciphertext is digitally singed by a CA and permits anyone to verify the authenticity of the ciphertext 4 To prevent malicious tracing, the ciphertext as well as signature can be randomisable by any entity

32 Proxy approach Consumers carry their own privacy-enforcing devices (proxies) 1 Watchdog tags audit system for RFID privacy monitor ambient scanning of tags and collect information form readers 2 RFID Guardian or RFID Enhancer Proxy (REP) batter-powered personal RFID firewall intermediates reader request to tags and selectively simulates tags under its control can implement sophisticated privacy policies further research includes how a Guardian or REP should acquire and release control of tags and associated PINs and keys

33 Proxy approach Consumers carry their own privacy-enforcing devices (proxies) 1 Watchdog tags audit system for RFID privacy monitor ambient scanning of tags and collect information form readers 2 RFID Guardian or RFID Enhancer Proxy (REP) batter-powered personal RFID firewall intermediates reader request to tags and selectively simulates tags under its control can implement sophisticated privacy policies further research includes how a Guardian or REP should acquire and release control of tags and associated PINs and keys

34 Distant measurement 1 The distance between tags and readers serve as a metric for trust 2 Fishkin, Roy, and Jiang ( 04) signal-to-noise ratio of reader signal provides rough metric of distance when scanned in a distance, expose little information release its unique identifier only at close range

35 Blocking tags 1 It jams tree-based anti-collision protocols, thus making impossible to read out tags nearby 2 As cheap to manufacture, it could be integrated into paper bags 3 To prevent jamming of legitimate readers, a privacy bit is set during check-out

36 Outline 1 RFID Primer 2 Passive RFID tags 3 Issues on Security and Privacy 4 Basic Tags 5 Symmetric-key Tags 6 Conclusion

37 Assumptions 1 Tags are assumed to perform keyed hash function or hardware efficient symmetric encryption scheme (and also often assumed to have a pseudo random number generator) 2 We assume a centralised system, where readers have constant access to their back-end server 3 Notations we have n tags each tag T i contains in memory a shared secret key k i with the server

38 Authentication 1 Simple challenge-response protocol prevents cloning T i R : ID Ti T i R : P T i R : h(k i, P) or e ki (P) In practice, resource constraints in commercial tags sometimes leads to deployment of weak cryptographic primitives 2 Digital Signature Transponder (DST) currently a theft-deterrent in automobiles and SpeedPass TM use the protocol described above broken since they expect security through obscurity to overcome short key-length

39 Authentication 1 Simple challenge-response protocol prevents cloning T i R : ID Ti T i R : P T i R : h(k i, P) or e ki (P) In practice, resource constraints in commercial tags sometimes leads to deployment of weak cryptographic primitives 2 Digital Signature Transponder (DST) currently a theft-deterrent in automobiles and SpeedPass TM use the protocol described above broken since they expect security through obscurity to overcome short key-length

40 Authentication 1 Simple challenge-response protocol prevents cloning T i R : ID Ti T i R : P T i R : h(k i, P) or e ki (P) In practice, resource constraints in commercial tags sometimes leads to deployment of weak cryptographic primitives 2 Digital Signature Transponder (DST) currently a theft-deterrent in automobiles and SpeedPass TM use the protocol described above broken since they expect security through obscurity to overcome short key-length

41 Reverse-engineering & Side channels 1 Reverse engineering physical invasive attacks possible tags are too inexpensive to include temper-resistance mechanism 2 Side channels - potentially serious threat in RFID Timing attacks - extract information based on variations in the rate of computation of target devices - over-the-air timing attacks against tags : open research topic Power analysis attacks - measure electromagnetic emanation - exploit measurable variations in power consumption

42 Reverse-engineering & Side channels 1 Reverse engineering physical invasive attacks possible tags are too inexpensive to include temper-resistance mechanism 2 Side channels - potentially serious threat in RFID Timing attacks - extract information based on variations in the rate of computation of target devices - over-the-air timing attacks against tags : open research topic Power analysis attacks - measure electromagnetic emanation - exploit measurable variations in power consumption

43 Relay attacks 1 Relay attack is always possible no matter how well designed cryptographic protocols in RFID systems and no matter how strong cryptographic primitives are used 2 Often security based on assumption - limited read range of tags 3 Attack allows proximity cards to open a door or RFID-based credit cards to effect payment from a kilometer away RFID TAG Leech Ghost RFID Reader Figure of Relay attack in RFID systems

44 Privacy 1 Paradox if a tag emits identifier in challenge-response protocol, no privacy if a reader does not know which tag it is interrogating, it cannot determine which key to use 2 Key search: straightforward but heavy solution tag emits E = f ki (P) reader searches from the space of all keys K = {k j } j for a key k K such that f k (P) = E 3 Weis, Sarma, Rivest, and Engel ( 03) 4 The computational cost of key-search for the reader is linear in the number of tags, thus key search is prohibitively costly in large systems 5 More efficient solutions?

45 Privacy 1 Paradox if a tag emits identifier in challenge-response protocol, no privacy if a reader does not know which tag it is interrogating, it cannot determine which key to use 2 Key search: straightforward but heavy solution tag emits E = f ki (P) reader searches from the space of all keys K = {k j } j for a key k K such that f k (P) = E 3 Weis, Sarma, Rivest, and Engel ( 03) 4 The computational cost of key-search for the reader is linear in the number of tags, thus key search is prohibitively costly in large systems 5 More efficient solutions?

46 Privacy 1 Paradox if a tag emits identifier in challenge-response protocol, no privacy if a reader does not know which tag it is interrogating, it cannot determine which key to use 2 Key search: straightforward but heavy solution tag emits E = f ki (P) reader searches from the space of all keys K = {k j } j for a key k K such that f k (P) = E 3 Weis, Sarma, Rivest, and Engel ( 03) 4 The computational cost of key-search for the reader is linear in the number of tags, thus key search is prohibitively costly in large systems 5 More efficient solutions?

47 Tree approach 1 Molnar and Wagner ( 04) each node (or edge) is associated with a key each tag is assigned to a unique leaf tag contains the keys defined from a root to the leaf if we have a depth d and branching factor b, each tag contains d keys and the scheme accommodates d b tags in total 2 Efficiency reader can identify a tag by means of a depth-first search of the tree search through at most db keys rather than d b keys 3 Security compromise of the secrets in one tag compromise of secrets in other tags

48 Synchronisation approach 1 Suppose that every tag T i maintains a counter c i and the tag outputs E = f ki (c i ) on interrogation 2 Provided that a reader knows the approximate value of c i, it can store a searchable table of tag output values, i.e., reader maintains the output values f ki (c i ), f k i (c i + 1),, f ki (c i + d), for c i [c i, c i + d] 3 Literatures with stronger security (such as forward security) and more efficiency

49 Outline 1 RFID Primer 2 Passive RFID tags 3 Issues on Security and Privacy 4 Basic Tags 5 Symmetric-key Tags 6 Conclusion

50 RFID becomes ubiquitous

RFID Security and Privacy: A Research Survey. Vincent Naessens Studiedag Rabbit project

RFID Security and Privacy: A Research Survey. Vincent Naessens Studiedag Rabbit project RFID Security and Privacy: A Research Survey Vincent Naessens Studiedag Rabbit project RFID Security and Privacy: A Research Survey 1. Introduction 2. Security and privacy problems 3. Basic RFID tags 4.

More information

Enabling the secure use of RFID

Enabling the secure use of RFID Enabling the secure use of RFID BLACK ME/FOTOLIA.com Enhancing security of radio frequency identification to connect safely to the Internet of Things UHF radio frequency identification (RFID) promises

More information

RFID Security. April 10, 2006. Martin Dam Pedersen Department of Mathematics and Computer Science University Of Southern Denmark

RFID Security. April 10, 2006. Martin Dam Pedersen Department of Mathematics and Computer Science University Of Southern Denmark April 10, 2006 Martin Dam Pedersen Department of Mathematics and Computer Science University Of Southern Denmark 1 Outline What is RFID RFID usage Security threats Threat examples Protection Schemes for

More information

A Study on the Security of RFID with Enhancing Privacy Protection

A Study on the Security of RFID with Enhancing Privacy Protection A Study on the Security of RFID with Enhancing Privacy Protection *Henry Ker-Chang Chang, *Li-Chih Yen and *Wen-Chi Huang *Professor and *Graduate Students Graduate Institute of Information Management

More information

Back-end Server Reader Tag

Back-end Server Reader Tag A Privacy-preserving Lightweight Authentication Protocol for Low-Cost RFID Tags Shucheng Yu, Kui Ren, and Wenjing Lou Department of ECE, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, MA 01609 {yscheng, wjlou}@wpi.edu

More information

Privacy and Security in library RFID Issues, Practices and Architecture

Privacy and Security in library RFID Issues, Practices and Architecture Privacy and Security in library RFID Issues, Practices and Architecture David Molnar and David Wagner University of California, Berkeley CCS '04 October 2004 Overview Motivation RFID Background Library

More information

Contactless Smart Cards vs. EPC Gen 2 RFID Tags: Frequently Asked Questions. July, 2006. Developed by: Smart Card Alliance Identity Council

Contactless Smart Cards vs. EPC Gen 2 RFID Tags: Frequently Asked Questions. July, 2006. Developed by: Smart Card Alliance Identity Council Contactless Smart Cards vs. EPC Gen 2 RFID Tags: Frequently Asked Questions July, 2006 Developed by: Smart Card Alliance Identity Council Contactless Smart Cards vs. EPC Gen 2 RFID Tags: Frequently Asked

More information

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Presenter: Dusan Stevanovic April 3, 2007

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Presenter: Dusan Stevanovic April 3, 2007 Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Presenter: Dusan Stevanovic April 3, 2007 Introduction RFID are systems that transmit identity (in the form of a unique serial number) of an object or person wirelessly,

More information

Security Issues in RFID. Kai Wang Research Institute of Information Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China wang-kai09@mails.tsinghua.edu.

Security Issues in RFID. Kai Wang Research Institute of Information Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China wang-kai09@mails.tsinghua.edu. Security Issues in RFID Kai Wang Research Institute of Information Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China wang-kai09@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn Abstract RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification) are one

More information

PAP: A Privacy and Authentication Protocol for Passive RFID Tags

PAP: A Privacy and Authentication Protocol for Passive RFID Tags PAP: A Privacy and Authentication Protocol for Passive RFID s Alex X. Liu LeRoy A. Bailey Department of Computer Science and Engineering Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 48824-1266, U.S.A. {alexliu,

More information

Strengthen RFID Tags Security Using New Data Structure

Strengthen RFID Tags Security Using New Data Structure International Journal of Control and Automation 51 Strengthen RFID Tags Security Using New Data Structure Yan Liang and Chunming Rong Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University

More information

RF ID Security and Privacy

RF ID Security and Privacy RF ID Security and Privacy EJ Jung 11/15/10 What is RFID?! Radio-Frequency Identification Tag Antenna Chip How Does RFID Work? 02.3DFEX4.78AF51 EasyToll card #816 Radio signal (contactless) Range: from

More information

An Overview of Approaches to Privacy Protection in RFID

An Overview of Approaches to Privacy Protection in RFID An Overview of Approaches to Privacy Protection in RFID Jimmy Kjällman Helsinki University of Technology Jimmy.Kjallman@tkk.fi Abstract Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a common term for technologies

More information

On the Security of RFID

On the Security of RFID On the Security of RFID Hung-Min Sun Information Security Lab. Department of Computer Science National Tsing Hua University slide 1 What is RFID? Radio-Frequency Identification Tag Reference http://glossary.ippaper.com

More information

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Raj Jain Washington University in Saint Louis Saint Louis, MO 63130 Jain@cse.wustl.edu These slides are available on-line at: http://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/cse574-06/

More information

Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars (NDSS 2011) Aurélien Francillon, Boris Danev, Srdjan Čapkun (ETHZ)

Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars (NDSS 2011) Aurélien Francillon, Boris Danev, Srdjan Čapkun (ETHZ) Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars (NDSS ) Aurélien Francillon, Boris Danev, Srdjan Čapkun (ETHZ) Wednesday System Security April Group 6, 1 Agenda 1. Overview of Car

More information

Best Practices for the Use of RF-Enabled Technology in Identity Management. January 2007. Developed by: Smart Card Alliance Identity Council

Best Practices for the Use of RF-Enabled Technology in Identity Management. January 2007. Developed by: Smart Card Alliance Identity Council Best Practices for the Use of RF-Enabled Technology in Identity Management January 2007 Developed by: Smart Card Alliance Identity Council Best Practices for the Use of RF-Enabled Technology in Identity

More information

RFID SECURITY. February 2008. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

RFID SECURITY. February 2008. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region RFID SECURITY February 2008 The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region The contents of this document remain the property of, and may not be reproduced in whole or in part without the

More information

How Does It Work? Internet of Things

How Does It Work? Internet of Things Intermec UAP-2100 What is RFID? 18-759: Wireless Networks Lecture 14: RFID Peter Steenkiste and Hedda R. Schmidtke Departments of Computer Science and Electrical and Computer Engineering Spring Semester

More information

RFID Security: Threats, solutions and open challenges

RFID Security: Threats, solutions and open challenges RFID Security: Threats, solutions and open challenges Bruno Crispo Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam crispo@cs.vu.nl 1 Table of Content RFID technology and applications Security Issues Privacy Proposed (partial)

More information

Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars

Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars Srdjan Čapkun (joint work with Aurélien Francillon, Boris Danev) 1 Agenda 1. Overview of Car Key Systems 2. Previous Attacks: In

More information

Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars

Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars Aurélien Francillon, Boris Danev, Srdjan Čapkun 1 Modern Cars Evolution Increasing amount of electronics in cars For convenience

More information

The Study on RFID Security Method for Entrance Guard System

The Study on RFID Security Method for Entrance Guard System The Study on RFID Security Method for Entrance Guard System Y.C. Hung 1, C.W. Tsai 2, C.H. Hong 3 1 Andrew@mail.ncyu.edu.tw 2 s0930316@mail.ncyu.edu.tw 3 chhong@csie.ncyu.edu.tw Abstract: The RFID technology

More information

RF-Enabled Applications and Technology: Comparing and Contrasting RFID and RF-Enabled Smart Cards

RF-Enabled Applications and Technology: Comparing and Contrasting RFID and RF-Enabled Smart Cards RF-Enabled Applications and Technology: Comparing and Contrasting RFID and RF-Enabled Smart Cards January 2007 Developed by: Smart Card Alliance Identity Council RF-Enabled Applications and Technology:

More information

Tackling Security and Privacy Issues in Radio Frequency Identification Devices

Tackling Security and Privacy Issues in Radio Frequency Identification Devices Tackling Security and Privacy Issues in Radio Frequency Identification Devices Dirk Henrici and Paul Müller University of Kaiserslautern, Department of Computer Science, PO Box 3049 67653 Kaiserslautern,

More information

Security Issues in RFID systems. By Nikhil Nemade Krishna C Konda

Security Issues in RFID systems. By Nikhil Nemade Krishna C Konda Security Issues in RFID systems By Nikhil Nemade Krishna C Konda Agenda Introduction to an RFID System Possible Application Areas Need for Security Vulnerabilities of an RFID system Security Measures currently

More information

Lesson Title: History of RFID

Lesson Title: History of RFID Page 1 of 6 Lesson Title: History of RFID 6/22/09 Copyright 2008, 2009 by Dale R. Thompson {d.r.thompson@ieee.org} Rationale Why is this lesson important? Why does the student need this lesson? How does

More information

RFID Penetration Tests when the truth is stranger than fiction

RFID Penetration Tests when the truth is stranger than fiction RFID Penetration Tests when the truth is stranger than fiction Dr. Tomáš Rosa, tomas.rosa@rb.cz Raiffeisenbank, a.s. Agenda Technology overview Physical layer of LF and HF bands The Unique ID phenomenon

More information

Data Protection Technical Guidance Radio Frequency Identification

Data Protection Technical Guidance Radio Frequency Identification Data Protection Technical Guidance Radio Frequency Identification This technical guidance note is aimed at those using or contemplating using RFID technology. It gives a brief summary of the technology

More information

Security in RFID Networks and Protocols

Security in RFID Networks and Protocols International Journal of Information and Computation Technology. ISSN 0974-2239 Volume 3, Number 5 (2013), pp. 425-432 International Research Publications House http://www. irphouse.com /ijict.htm Security

More information

RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION (RFID) is a

RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION (RFID) is a IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 24, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2006 381 RFID Security and Privacy: A Research Survey Ari Juels Invited Paper Abstract This paper surveys recent technical research

More information

An Overview of RFID Security and Privacy threats

An Overview of RFID Security and Privacy threats An Overview of RFID Security and Privacy threats Maxim Kharlamov mkha130@ec.auckland.ac.nz The University of Auckland October 2007 Abstract Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology is quickly deploying

More information

RFID Payment Card Vulnerabilities Technical Report

RFID Payment Card Vulnerabilities Technical Report RFID Payment Card Vulnerabilities Technical Report Thomas S. Heydt-Benjamin 1, Daniel V. Bailey 2, Kevin Fu 1, Ari Juels 2, and Tom O'Hare 3 Abstract 1: University of Massachusetts at Amherst {tshb, kevinfu}@cs.umass.edu

More information

Security Requirements for RFID Computing Systems

Security Requirements for RFID Computing Systems International Journal of Network Security, Vol.6, No.2, PP.214 226, Mar. 2008 214 Security Requirements for RFID Computing Systems Xiaolan Zhang 1 and Brian King 2 (Corresponding author: Xiaolan Zhang)

More information

Proxy Framework for Enhanced RFID Security and Privacy

Proxy Framework for Enhanced RFID Security and Privacy Proxy Framework for Enhanced RFID Security and Privacy Tassos Dimitriou Athens Information Technology Markopoulo Ave., 19002, Peania Athens, Greece tdim@ait.edu.gr Abstract Radio Frequency IDentification

More information

Design And Implementation Of Bank Locker Security System Based On Fingerprint Sensing Circuit And RFID Reader

Design And Implementation Of Bank Locker Security System Based On Fingerprint Sensing Circuit And RFID Reader Design And Implementation Of Bank Locker Security System Based On Sensing Circuit And RFID Reader Khaing Mar Htwe, Zaw Min Min Htun, Hla Myo Tun Abstract: The main goal of this system is to design a locker

More information

A Vulnerability in the Song Authentication Protocol for Low-Cost RFID Tags

A Vulnerability in the Song Authentication Protocol for Low-Cost RFID Tags A Vulnerability in the Song Authentication Protocol for Low-Cost RFID Tags Sarah Abughazalah, Konstantinos Markantonakis, and Keith Mayes Smart Card Centre-Information Security Group (SCC-ISG) Royal Holloway,

More information

Using RFID Techniques for a Universal Identification Device

Using RFID Techniques for a Universal Identification Device Using RFID Techniques for a Universal Identification Device Roman Zharinov, Ulia Trifonova, Alexey Gorin Saint-Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation Saint-Petersburg, Russia {roman,

More information

Security and Privacy for Internet of Things Application

Security and Privacy for Internet of Things Application Security and Privacy for Internet of Things Application Qi fang, School of Information Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha, China 8-1 Copyright Disclamation This course material

More information

RAIN RFID and the Internet of Things: Industry Snapshot and Security Needs. Matt Robshaw and Tyler Williamson Impinj Seattle, USA

RAIN RFID and the Internet of Things: Industry Snapshot and Security Needs. Matt Robshaw and Tyler Williamson Impinj Seattle, USA RAIN RFID and the Internet of Things: Industry Snapshot and Security Needs Matt Robshaw and Tyler Williamson Impinj Seattle, USA Overview RAIN RFID The product and standardization landscape Security, performance,

More information

RFID BASED VEHICLE TRACKING SYSTEM

RFID BASED VEHICLE TRACKING SYSTEM RFID BASED VEHICLE TRACKING SYSTEM Operating a managed, busy parking lot can pose significant challenges, especially to a government organization that also owns some of the vehicles in the lot. The parking

More information

expand to a minimum of 128 bits in length with extensions for 256 bits or more.

expand to a minimum of 128 bits in length with extensions for 256 bits or more. 1 RFID Security and Privacy: A Research Survey Ari Juels RSA Laboratories ajuels@rsasecurity.com 28 September 2005 Abstract This article surveys recent technical research on the problems of privacy and

More information

Security and Privacy in RFID Applications

Security and Privacy in RFID Applications 13 Security and Privacy in RFID Applications Paweł Rotter Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies Seville, Spain Currently at: AGH-University of

More information

rf Technology to automate your BUsiness

rf Technology to automate your BUsiness Motorola Tech Brief June 2011 Understanding the characteristics of the rfid spectrum: Choosing the Right rf Technology to automate your BUsiness How to choose the right rfid technology for your Identification,

More information

A Research on Issues Related to RFID Security and Privacy

A Research on Issues Related to RFID Security and Privacy A Research on Issues Related to RFID Security and Privacy Jongki Kim1, Chao Yang2, Jinhwan Jeon3 1 Division of Business Administration, College of Business, Pusan National University 30, GeumJeong-Gu,

More information

Lightweight Cryptography. Lappeenranta University of Technology

Lightweight Cryptography. Lappeenranta University of Technology Lightweight Cryptography Dr Pekka Jäppinen Lappeenranta University of Technology Outline Background What is lightweight Metrics Chip area Performance Implementation tradeoffs Current situation Conclusions

More information

THE SECURITY AND PRIVACY ISSUES OF RFID SYSTEM

THE SECURITY AND PRIVACY ISSUES OF RFID SYSTEM THE SECURITY AND PRIVACY ISSUES OF RFID SYSTEM Iuon Chang Lin Department of Management Information Systems, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan, Department of Photonics and Communication Engineering,

More information

RFID TECHNOLOGY Great Eastern Impex Pvt. Ltd. India

RFID TECHNOLOGY Great Eastern Impex Pvt. Ltd. India RFID TECHNOLOGY Great Eastern Impex Pvt. Ltd. India RFID: Introduction Radio Frequency Identification or RFID is the new generation Auto ID technology that uses radio or wireless communication to uniquely

More information

Security in Near Field Communication (NFC)

Security in Near Field Communication (NFC) Security in Near Field Communication (NFC) Strengths and Weaknesses Ernst Haselsteiner and Klemens Breitfuß Philips Semiconductors Mikronweg 1, 8101 Gratkorn, Austria ernst.haselsteiner@philips.com klemens.breitfuss@philips.com

More information

RF Attendance System Framework for Faculties of Higher Education

RF Attendance System Framework for Faculties of Higher Education RF Attendance System Framework for Faculties of Higher Education Ms. Unnati A. Patel 1 Dr. Swaminarayan Priya R 2 1 Asst. Professor, M.Sc(IT) Department, ISTAR, V.V.Nagar-388120, India 2 Head & ProfessorHH,

More information

EPCglobal RFID standards & regulations. Henri Barthel OECD Paris, 5 October 2005

EPCglobal RFID standards & regulations. Henri Barthel OECD Paris, 5 October 2005 EPCglobal RFID standards & regulations Henri Barthel OECD Paris, 5 October 2005 Roots of EPCglobal Auto ID Center (launched in 1999) Six world-class academia Labs: MIT (US), Cambridge (UK), Adelaide (Australia),

More information

Introduction to RFID Technology

Introduction to RFID Technology Introduction to RFID Technology Athens Information Technology Riding the Time-Machine (1) The AUTO-ID consortium AUTO-ID can track Products, Containers, Vehicles, Animals, as well as their condition 2

More information

Security and Privacy of RFID Systems. Claude Castelluccia

Security and Privacy of RFID Systems. Claude Castelluccia Security and Privacy of RFID Systems Claude Castelluccia What is RFID? Radio-Frequency Identification Tag Antenna Chip Holds a small amount of unique data a serial number or other unique attribute of the

More information

Radio Frequency Identification. Done by: Haitham Habli.

Radio Frequency Identification. Done by: Haitham Habli. Radio Frequency Identification Done by: Haitham Habli. Table of contents Definition of RFID. Do they need license? RFID vs other identification systems. Classification of RFID systems. Emerge of passive

More information

PUF Physical Unclonable Functions

PUF Physical Unclonable Functions Physical Unclonable Functions Protecting next-generation Smart Card ICs with SRAM-based s The use of Smart Card ICs has become more widespread, having expanded from historical banking and telecommunication

More information

Various Attacks and their Countermeasure on all Layers of RFID System

Various Attacks and their Countermeasure on all Layers of RFID System Various Attacks and their Countermeasure on all Layers of RFID System Gursewak Singh, Rajveer Kaur, Himanshu Sharma Abstract RFID (radio frequency identification) system is one of the most widely used

More information

RFID Guardian Back-end Security Protocol

RFID Guardian Back-end Security Protocol Master Thesis RFID Guardian Back-end Security Protocol Author: Hongliang Wang First Reader: Bruno Crispo Second Reader: Melanie Reiback Department of Computer Science Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam The

More information

Security Challenges for User-Oriented RFID Applications within the Internet of Things

Security Challenges for User-Oriented RFID Applications within the Internet of Things Security Challenges for User-Oriented RFID Applications within the Internet of Things G.P. HANCKE, K. MARKANTONAKIS and K.E. MAYES ISG Smart Card Centre Royal Holloway, University of London UNITED KINGDOM

More information

Privacy Enhanced Active RFID Tag

Privacy Enhanced Active RFID Tag Privacy Enhanced Active RFID Tag Shingo Kinoshita, Miyako Ohkubo, Fumitaka Hoshino, Gembu Morohashi, Osamu Shionoiri, and Atsushi Kanai NTT Information Sharing Platform Laboratories, NTT Corporation 1-1

More information

Feature. Security and Privacy Trade-offs in RFID Use. Operational Zone RFID Tag. RFID Reader

Feature. Security and Privacy Trade-offs in RFID Use. Operational Zone RFID Tag. RFID Reader Feature Security and Privacy Trade-offs in RFID Use S. Srinivasan is a professor of computer information systems at the University of Louisville in Kentucky, USA. He can be reached at srini@louisville.edu.

More information

Keep Out of My Passport: Access Control Mechanisms in E-passports

Keep Out of My Passport: Access Control Mechanisms in E-passports Keep Out of My Passport: Access Control Mechanisms in E-passports Ivo Pooters June 15, 2008 Abstract Nowadays, over 40 different countries issue biometric passports to increase security on there borders.

More information

Evangelos Kranakis, School of Computer Science, Carleton University, Ottawa 1. Network Security. Canada France Meeting on Security, Dec 06-08

Evangelos Kranakis, School of Computer Science, Carleton University, Ottawa 1. Network Security. Canada France Meeting on Security, Dec 06-08 Evangelos Kranakis, School of Computer Science, Carleton University, Ottawa 1 Network Security Evangelos Kranakis, School of Computer Science, Carleton University, Ottawa 2 Collaboration with Frank Akujobi

More information

A Survey of RFID Authentication Protocols Based on Hash-Chain Method

A Survey of RFID Authentication Protocols Based on Hash-Chain Method Third 2008 International Conference on Convergence and Hybrid Information Technology A Survey of RFID Authentication Protocols Based on Hash-Chain Method Irfan Syamsuddin a, Tharam Dillon b, Elizabeth

More information

Overview. SSL Cryptography Overview CHAPTER 1

Overview. SSL Cryptography Overview CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 1 Note The information in this chapter applies to both the ACE module and the ACE appliance unless otherwise noted. The features in this chapter apply to IPv4 and IPv6 unless otherwise noted. Secure

More information

tags Figure D-1 Components of a Passive RFID System

tags Figure D-1 Components of a Passive RFID System Attachment D: RFID Technology Overview The following sections provide an overview to RFID technology, the applications in which they are currently used and other considerations of RFID technology as it

More information

A Secure RFID Ticket System For Public Transport

A Secure RFID Ticket System For Public Transport A Secure RFID Ticket System For Public Transport Kun Peng and Feng Bao Institute for Infocomm Research, Singapore Abstract. A secure RFID ticket system for public transport is proposed in this paper. It

More information

RFID Security and Privacy: Threats and Countermeasures

RFID Security and Privacy: Threats and Countermeasures RFID Security and Privacy: Threats and Countermeasures Marco Spruit Wouter Wester Technical Report UU-CS- 2013-001 January 2013 Department of Information and Computing Sciences Utrecht University, Utrecht,

More information

ANTI-COUNTERFEITING OF FASHION BRANDS USING RFID TECHNOLOGY Patrick C.L. Hui, Kirk H.M. Wong, and Allan C.K. Chan

ANTI-COUNTERFEITING OF FASHION BRANDS USING RFID TECHNOLOGY Patrick C.L. Hui, Kirk H.M. Wong, and Allan C.K. Chan ANTI-COUNTERFEITING OF FASHION BRANDS USING RFID TECHNOLOGY Patrick C.L. Hui, Kirk H.M. Wong, and Allan C.K. Chan ABSTRACT Anti-counterfeiting comes to the attention of fashion brand owners concerned as

More information

Allwin Initiative for Corporate Citizenship Dartmouth Center for the Advancement of Learning Dickey Center Ethics Institute Institute for Security

Allwin Initiative for Corporate Citizenship Dartmouth Center for the Advancement of Learning Dickey Center Ethics Institute Institute for Security Allwin Initiative for Corporate Citizenship Dartmouth Center for the Advancement of Learning Dickey Center Ethics Institute Institute for Security Technology Studies Leslie Center Rockefeller Center Tucker

More information

RFID Design Principles

RFID Design Principles RFID Design Principles Harvey Lehpamer ARTECH HOUSE BOSTON LONDON artechhouse.com Contents Introduction 2 2.1 2.1.1 2.1.2 2.1. 2.1.4 2.2 2.2.1 2.2.2 2. 2..1 2..2 2.4 2.4.1 2.4.2 2.5 2.5.1 2.5.2 Comparison

More information

Towards the Internet of Things: An introduction to RFID technology

Towards the Internet of Things: An introduction to RFID technology Towards the Internet of Things: An introduction to RFID technology Miguel L. Pardal and José Alves Marques Department of Computer Science and Engineering Instituto Superior Técnico, Technical University

More information

Security and Privacy in RFID

Security and Privacy in RFID Security and Privacy in RFID Sirkka-Liisa Vehkaoja Oulu University of Applied Sciences, t8vesi00@students.oamk.fi Abstract Security and privacy in RFID and mobile RFID services and user-side communication

More information

RFID Security. Abstract

RFID Security. Abstract RFID Security Prof. Dr. Heiko Knospe, University of Applied Sciences Cologne, Faculty of Information, Media and Electrical Engineering, Betzdorfer Str. 2, D 50679 Köln, Germany. E-mail: heiko.knospe@fh-koeln.de

More information

Attacking RFID Systems

Attacking RFID Systems 2 Attacking RFID Systems Pedro Peris-Lopez, Julio Cesar Hernandez-Castro, Juan M. Estevez-Tapiador, and Arturo Ribagorda CONTENTS 2.1 Introduction...30 2.1.1 Background...30 2.1.2 Attack Objectives...30

More information

50 ways to break RFID privacy

50 ways to break RFID privacy 50 ways to break RFID privacy Ton van Deursen 1 University of Luxembourg ton.vandeursen@uni.lu 1 Financial support received from the Fonds National de la Recherche (Luxembourg). RFID privacy 1 / 40 Outline

More information

Large Vehicle Scale RFID Is it now viable for use? Antti Permala Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) 12 June 2008

Large Vehicle Scale RFID Is it now viable for use? Antti Permala Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) 12 June 2008 Large Vehicle Scale RFID Is it now viable for use? Antti Permala Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) 12 June 2008 Contents Development during last years Technology Applications Cases 2 Three years

More information

a leap ahead in analog

a leap ahead in analog EMV Contactless Payment Systems based on AS3911 Overview and System Simulations Giuliano Manzi, PhD Mannheim, May 23 25, 2012 CST EUROPEAN USER CONFERENCE 2012 a leap ahead in analog OUTLINE AS3911 OVERVIEW

More information

Glossary of RTLS/RFID Terms

Glossary of RTLS/RFID Terms Glossary of RTLS/RFID Terms A Active tag: An RFID tag that has a transmitter to send back information, rather than reflecting back a signal from the reader, as a passive tag does. Most active tags use

More information

4. Open issues in RFID security

4. Open issues in RFID security 4. Open issues in RFID security Lot of research efforts has been put on RFID security issues during recent years. A survey conducted by CapGemini showed that consumers see RFID more intrusive than several

More information

Security by Politics - Why it will never work. Lukas Grunwald DN-Systems GmbH Germany DefCon 15 Las Vegas USA

Security by Politics - Why it will never work. Lukas Grunwald DN-Systems GmbH Germany DefCon 15 Las Vegas USA Security by Politics - Why it will never work Lukas Grunwald DN-Systems GmbH Germany DefCon 15 Las Vegas USA Agenda Motivation Some basics Brief overview epassport (MRTD) Why cloning? How to attack the

More information

Scalable RFID Security Protocols supporting Tag Ownership Transfer

Scalable RFID Security Protocols supporting Tag Ownership Transfer Scalable RFID Security Protocols supporting Tag Ownership Transfer Boyeon Song a,1, Chris J. Mitchell a,1 a Information Security Group, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey, TW20 0EX, UK

More information

Security and Privacy in Intermodal Baggage Management With RFID

Security and Privacy in Intermodal Baggage Management With RFID Security and Privacy in Intermodal Baggage Management With RFID Ricardo Carapeto Instituto Superior Técnico Universidade Técnica de Lisboa rcarapeto@gmail.com ABSTRACT In order to lower the costs associated

More information

Security and Privacy Flaws in a Recent Authentication Protocol for EPC C1 G2 RFID Tags

Security and Privacy Flaws in a Recent Authentication Protocol for EPC C1 G2 RFID Tags Security and Privacy Flaws in a Recent Authentication Protocol for EPC C1 G2 RFID Tags Seyed Mohammad Alavi 1, Karim Baghery 2 and Behzad Abdolmaleki 3 1 Imam Hossein Comprehensive University Tehran, Iran

More information

ASSET TRACKING USING RFID SRAVANI.P(07241A12A7) DEEPTHI.B(07241A1262) SRUTHI.B(07241A12A3)

ASSET TRACKING USING RFID SRAVANI.P(07241A12A7) DEEPTHI.B(07241A1262) SRUTHI.B(07241A12A3) ASSET TRACKING USING RFID BY SRAVANI.P(07241A12A7) DEEPTHI.B(07241A1262) SRUTHI.B(07241A12A3) OBJECTIVE Our main objective is to acquire an asset tracking system. This keeps track of all the assets you

More information

Protecting the privacy of passive RFID tags

Protecting the privacy of passive RFID tags 1 Protecting the privacy of passive RFID tags Email: Nimish Vartak, Anand Patwardhan, Anupam Joshi, Tim Finin, Paul Nagy* Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering University of Maryland,

More information

Evolving Bar Codes. Y398 Internship. William Holmes

Evolving Bar Codes. Y398 Internship. William Holmes Evolving Bar Codes Y398 Internship By William Holmes Table of contents Introduction: What is RFID? Types of Tags: Advantages of Tags: RFID applications Conclusion: Introduction: Bar codes have evolved

More information

NEW TECHNOLOGY. Figure 1. Simplified view of data transfer in low-frequency passive RFID tags (the tag is enlarged for clarity).

NEW TECHNOLOGY. Figure 1. Simplified view of data transfer in low-frequency passive RFID tags (the tag is enlarged for clarity). RFID offers tantalizing benefits for supply chain management, inventory control, and many other applications. Find out whether your company could benefit. Ron Weinstein RFID: A Technical Overview and Its

More information

Location-Aware and Safer Cards: Enhancing RFID Security and Privacy

Location-Aware and Safer Cards: Enhancing RFID Security and Privacy Location-Aware and Safer Cards: Enhancing RFID Security and Privacy 1 K.Anudeep, 2 Mrs. T.V.Anantha Lakshmi 1 Student, 2 Assistant Professor ECE Department, SRM University, Kattankulathur-603203 1 anudeepnike@gmail.com,

More information

CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1

CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1 Contents CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1 CHAPTER 2 Short-Range Communications Systems 3 2.1 Radio-Frequency Spectrum and Propagation 3 2.1.1 Theory of Electromagnetism and Maxwell s Equations 3 2.1.2 RF Propagation

More information

Security Analysis and Complexity Comparison of Some Recent Lightweight RFID Protocols

Security Analysis and Complexity Comparison of Some Recent Lightweight RFID Protocols Security Analysis and Complexity Comparison of Some Recent Lightweight RFID Protocols Ehsan Vahedi, Rabab K. Ward and Ian F. Blake Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering The University of British

More information

RFID Based Centralized Patient Monitoring System and Tracking (RPMST)

RFID Based Centralized Patient Monitoring System and Tracking (RPMST) IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering (IOSR-JCE) e-issn: 2278-0661, p- ISSN: 2278-8727Volume 16, Issue 2, Ver. III (Mar-Apr. 2014), PP 08-15 RFID Based Centralized Patient Monitoring System and Tracking

More information

RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION FOR STUDENT ATTENDENCE TRACKING

RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION FOR STUDENT ATTENDENCE TRACKING International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, Vol. 4, No 2, 2015, 468 473 ISSN 2278-3687 (O) 2277-663X (P) RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION FOR STUDENT ATTENDENCE TRACKING Anu Sunny, Tharika

More information

RFID Technology, Security Vulnerabilities, and Countermeasures

RFID Technology, Security Vulnerabilities, and Countermeasures 19 RFID Technology, Security Vulnerabilities, and Countermeasures Qinghan Xiao 1, Thomas Gibbons 2 and Hervé Lebrun 2 1 Defence Research and Development Canada Ottawa 2 Canadian Operational Support Command

More information

SATO RFID White Paper

SATO RFID White Paper SATO RFID White Paper Rev_0710 1 Overview This white paper describes the basic components of a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) system and explores the technology, applications, and competitive advantages

More information

Mobile Devices and Systems Lesson 04 Smart Systems Labels, RFID and tokens

Mobile Devices and Systems Lesson 04 Smart Systems Labels, RFID and tokens Mobile Devices and Systems Lesson 04 Smart Systems Labels, RFID and tokens Oxford University Press 2007. All rights reserved. 1 Smart systems Smart Labels Smart labels RFID Smart tokens Oxford University

More information

Secure Active RFID Tag System

Secure Active RFID Tag System Secure Active RFID Tag System Isamu Yamada 1, Shinichi Shiotsu 1, Akira Itasaki 2, Satoshi Inano 1, Kouichi Yasaki 2, and Masahiko Takenaka 2 1 Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. 64 Nishiwaki, Ohkubo-cho, Akashi

More information

CHAPTER 2 RFID TECHNOLOGY AND ITS APPLICATIONS TO HUMAN TRACKING

CHAPTER 2 RFID TECHNOLOGY AND ITS APPLICATIONS TO HUMAN TRACKING 18 CHAPTER 2 RFID TECHNOLOGY AND ITS APPLICATIONS TO HUMAN TRACKING In this chapter, we briefly review some of the basic technical details pertaining to RFID Technology, its advantages and shortcomings

More information

SECURITY IN LOW RESOURCE ENVIRONMENTS

SECURITY IN LOW RESOURCE ENVIRONMENTS SECURITY IN LOW RESOURCE ENVIRONMENTS SECURERF WHITE PAPER The discovery of a decades old technology is now promoted by many as the Next Big Thing. This discovery, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID),

More information

A UHF RFID Printed Circuit Board Solution

A UHF RFID Printed Circuit Board Solution A UHF RFID Printed Circuit Board Solution Murata s MAGICSTRAP Production tracking, asset tracking, service tracking and counterfeiting prevention at the PCB level. Background Radio Frequency Identification

More information