Ê.Ð.Ã. PRACTICE TEST ÊÑÁÔÉÊÏ ÐÉÓÔÏÐÏÉÇÔÉÊÏ ÃËÙÓÓÏÌÁÈÅÉÁÓ LEVEL ATTENTION ENGLISH LANGUAGE CERTIFICATION. on the scale set by the Council of Europe

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1 Ê.Ð.Ã. ÊÑÁÔÉÊÏ ÐÉÓÔÏÐÏÉÇÔÉÊÏ ÃËÙÓÓÏÌÁÈÅÉÁÓ ENGLISH LANGUAGE CERTIFICATION LEVEL Γ1 on the scale set by the Council of Europe PRACTICE TEST 1 l Mark your answers on your answer sheet. l Respond to all activities and answer all test items. l Provide only one answer for each item. l Module 1 - Reading Comprehension & Language Awareness 80 minutes ATTENTION l Module 2 - Writing and mediation l Module 3 - Listening Comprehension l Module 4 - Oral production and mediation 90 minutes 25 minutes 20 minutes 39

2 Module 1 ACTIVITy 1 On the basis of the text below, do STEPS 1-2. Thinking beyond kyoto The most important thing about the Kyoto protocol - which came into effect in February is that it exists at all. It is the first legally binding environmental treaty making a serious attempt to reduce the greenhouse gases that lead to climate change, the most serious problem facing the planet today. Kyoto has serious weaknesses; the world's biggest polluter, the US, has boycotted it - though some states are taking effective action on their own - and the second largest polluter, China, has been exempted as a developing country. But 34 industrialised nations have ratified a treaty committing them to slash the output of greenhouse gases by 5.2% of their 1990 levels by This means that emissions will be considerably less than they otherwise would have been. A key part of the agreement is that individual countries will be obliged to produce plans showing exactly how they will meet their targets - with a different one for each participant. This should prove as an incentive to develop new technologies to reduce emissions, including energy efficiency, conservation and a raft of renewable energy sources from tidal power to straw burning in power stations. The British government has dropped Mr. Blair's personal manifesto aim of reducing emissions by 20% by 2010 in favour of its Kyoto target of 12.5% by This is achievable but only thanks to a curious irony: the effect of Mrs Thatcher's closure of the sulphur-emitting coal mines is that the reduction of emissions is still continuing strongly today. However, the Thatcher-like policies the government has adopted, such as the increased road building programme and the climb-down over higher petrol taxes, will increase emissions far more. The Prime Minister is still an outstanding advocate of the urgent need to curb global warming. But not even his recent pledge to listen more to the people has prompted him to pay more attention to what has been happening, or not happening, in his own backyard. Britain can, and should, lead by example. Lately, there have been reports that Mr. Blair intends to give permission for more nuclear power stations to be built after the election. But if he really is in listening mode why will he not announce the new policy before the election so there can be a proper debate about it? If the nation is to be won round, the facts should be out there now. In these circumstances, the government has a major role to play on the national and international stage: to deliver a message. Although the Prime Minister has proved to be an effective messenger, there is only one qualification: he should simply practise what he preaches. STEP 1: Read the text quickly and choose the correct answer (A, B, C) for items The purpose of this text is to: A. Explain the dangers of environmental pollution in our atmosphere. B. Argue the benefits and the need to adhere to the Kyoto protocol. C. Support all the industrial nations' progress in controlling emissions. 2. The main idea in the first half of the text is: A. Despite some countries not agreeing, the biggest nations will stop polluting. B. Although there is agreement on a need for action, no realistic plan has emerged. C. In spite of limitations, the agreement will reduce pollution significantly. 3. The author suggests in the second half of the text that: A. The British government did not support the targets for environmental reduction as specified in the Kyoto agreement. B. The British government's reduction of emissions is helped by the actions taken by other administrations. C. The British government listens to the concerns of people and other governments in terms of environmental policy. 4. An appropriate subheading for the text would be: A. The New World Order and environmental policy B. International efforts to cut industry down to size C. Global initiative on greenhouse reductions takes off 40

3 Module 1 STEP 2: Read the text again carefully and mark the correct response (A, B, C) for items What does the text claim is the significance of the agreement of February 2005? A. It is the first realistic agreement that requires greenhouse gases to be cut down by law. B. An international treaty concerning the environment has never been attempted before. C. It is the first environmental agreement to be universally supported by governments. 8. What is true of the British government's target for emission reduction? A. The Prime Minister's personal pledge to reduce emissions will be kept. B. A 20% reduction in emissions by 2010 will be put back to C. The Kyoto specifications will replace a prior election target. 6. What limitation does the Kyoto protocol have? A. China has boycotted the agreement claiming it is a developing country. B. The US disagreed as it has already cut emissions and now creates very little pollution. C. China is not included in the agreement although it is the second highest polluter. 7. What else is pointed out about the agreement? A. There is one specific plan that all countries must follow that is key to the success of the agreement. B. It is necessary for all countries in the world, the rich and the poor, to cooperate. C. An essential clause is the requirement for countries to show how they will meet their targets. 9. The writer suggests that A. more nuclear power stations should be built after the upcoming elections. B. the Prime Minister is withholding controversial information until after the elections. C. the current debate on nuclear power reflects positively on the government. D. the government is secretly planning to build illegal nuclear weapons. 10. What does the writer suggest in the last paragraph of the text? A. Mr. Blair should listen more carefully to the message on global warming. B. Mr. Blair does not communicate important messages very effectively. C. Mr. Blair should try to carry out actions to match his political rhetoric. 41

4 Module 1 ACTIVITy 2 STEP 1: Read the web site information about the 'International Institute for Educational Planning' (I. I. E. P.) and match the meaning of each underlined word (11-17) with options (A-H) below. There is one option you do not need. A. to question B. to disappear C. to gain D. to aim E. to merge F. to ruin G. to resume H. to show Education in EmErgEnciEs UNESCO s Director-General (11) expressed sorrow at the tragic (12) loss of life in the countries (13) devastated by the earthquake off the coast of Sumatra and the ensuing tsunami. The Institute (14) joins forces with the international community, and in particular the UNESCO Education Sector, to address this crisis, and will (15) continue to invest efforts in its action targeting education in emergencies and reconstruction. Policy forum on cross-national studies on the quality of education This IIEP/InWent event, held in Paris on the June, focused on the design and management of such studies. In late 2004, IIEP held an Internet forum, where planners, managers and researchers discussed (16) challenges and best educational practices in emergency preparedness, prevention and post-disaster reconstruction. The 2004 Summer School (17) focused on education in emergencies and reconstruction. IIEP also contributed to the INEE's Minimum Standards for Education in Emergencies, and to the latest issue of the Forced Migration Review. UNESCO and OPEC create AIDS project for countries in Asia and the Arab world. UNESCO's HIV/AIDS Co-ordination Unit, situated within IIEP, is committed to fighting against the HIV/AIDS epidemic. TITLES A. Education for All B. Emergencies and reconstruction C. Ethics and corruption D. HIV/AIDS and education E. Information systems F. E-learning KEY: 11.H 12.B 13.F 14.E 15.G 16.A 17.D STEP 2: Statements are from articles linked to the titles in the left column of the website above. Associate each statement with one of the titles (A-F) Throughout the world the epidemic is rife, but knowledge is still not getting through to many African and third world countries where infection rates are highest; this is where our organisation is needed the most. The International Institute for Educational Planning maintains that education be universal, free, and compulsory for all children, regardless of race, sex, gender or ethnic background. After surviving and being rescued, economic reconstruction can only begin with a focus on long-term stability. This is why school systems must be repaired to avoid a lack in skills and training, among generations hit by natural disasters. D A B 42

5 Module 1 ACTIVITy 3 Read the following descriptions of rooms and facilities available for business use (21-27) and decide where each event (A-H) should be held. use each of the options below (A-H) only once. There is one option you do not need. A. The General Assembly of employees and shareholders B. The office Christmas party C. International Conference D. Computer training seminar E. Interview F. Board meeting G. Public Exhibition H. Sales initiatives day The grand conference room has refreshments available and features a central oak table ideal for executive brainstorming sessions. Contained in one 'room' is stadium style seating for over 1500 people and modern sound equipment to ensure any meeting is fully understood and visible, courtesy of a big screen behind the main stage. Small comfortable room ideal for meetings and presentations; 25 seats with built-in desks; also provided, a big screen and projector. Large fashionably decorated room is popular for company celebrations, containing a bar, different levels and colours of lighting, and a stage equipped for either a band or DJ. Convenient and serious room, this is both comfortable and small in size. Suitable only for one-to-one appointments and meetings. The most hi-tech meeting room is based around a circular table and presentation stand. Individual soundproof booths are linked to microphones and earpieces to accommodate all inter-lingual requirements. Extensive hall with separate entrance and exits and built-in display stands, perfect for the display of products and services for potential customers. Can fit over 500 people at any one time. F A H B E C G ACTIVITy 4 For items in the following text, choose the appropriate word (A-H) from the table below. There is one word you do not need. A. favourite B. popular C. wider D. lure E. consider F. promote G. research H. success CRuISINg Cruising is attempting to give itself a (28)... C appeal. The companies have now decided to (29)... F unusual destinations, in an attempt for the cruise lines to (30)... D existing customers back and attract new ones who might not usually (31)... E a cruise. The Americans look set to be the (32)... H story of the future. In fact, this month Fred Olsen's Black Prince sets off on a great adventure, across the Atlantic and 1,000 miles up the Amazon to Manaus. Hawaii, New England and Alaska are proving increasingly (33)... B in Britain, too, while the Caribbean remains the (34)... A in winter. 43

6 Module 1 ACTIVITy 5 STEP 1: Read the beginning of the text on child labour and choose the best answers (A, B, or C) for items What do we understand about working conditions for child labourers? A. They are as bad in Europe as they are in the developing countries. B. They are extremely hazardous and underpaid. C. The conditions are poor because high wages are earned. 36. What is true in developing countries? A. Employment standards laws apply to both adults and children. B. Unions are not as strong as in the West and therefore are unable to improve working conditions. C. As adult working conditions develop, children have less urgency to work. 37. How was child labour reduced in the West? A. Schooling became mandatory and appropriate laws were passed. B. Primary education was combined with employment after school. C. Multi-national companies insured families were hired in the place of children. 38. The writer believes that labour unions A. put pressure on governments to improve labour laws. B. only fight to protect the rights of union workers. C. are non-existent in developing countries. Since the Industrial Revolution, the labour movement has been at the forefront in fighting against child labour and promoting laws banning child labour. Yet today, an estimated 250 million children under the age of 14 still work in developing countries. If you include the "invisible" domestic workers, that number climbs to as high as 400 million. Children are bonded to unscrupulous employers by their families, often in payment for a debt that could not be repaid, or to help provide for the family. There is rarely an end to the bondage. Children work in factories, knotting rugs, assembling toys, working with hot ovens and molten glass producing glass and brassware. Children work for hours a day, bent over in two picking crops, while pesticides, which are banned in western countries but still used in developing countries, are sprayed overhead. Employers want to make higher profits or compete for a contract from a multinational corporation, so rather than pay adults the required minimum wages, they will simply hire children to do the work, often resulting in the children supporting their entire families. CHILD LABOUR What is child labour - and why should we be involved with in this issue? Child labour was reduced in western countries in part by combining legislation and its enforcement with compulsory primary education. But in many developing countries, primary education is not even available, never mind compulsory. In this part of the world, the labour movement doesn't just lobby for Labour Code changes to protect unionised workers - we also work to improve Employment Standards legislation, which provides protection for unorganised workers. But unlike the West, employment standards laws in many developing countries do not apply to children. It is a fact, that in our country, where we have strong labour unions, the working conditions of adults improve, and this in turn reduces the pressure on children to work. 44

7 Module 1 STEP 2: Read the rest of the text and choose the best answers (A, B, or C) for items "States parties recognize the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child's education, or to be harmful to the child's health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development." "States parties shall take legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to ensure the implementation of [this] article. To this end... parties shall in particular: * Provide for a minimum wage or minimum ages for admission to employment; * Provide for appropriate regulation of the hours and conditions of employment; * Provide for appropriate penalties or other sanctions to ensure the effective enforcement of the present article." In 1991, this country ratified these and all other provisions in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. This Convention is the most widely ratified human rights agreement in history. In fact, only the United States and Somalia have not yet ratified this Convention. In this new global economy, all workers, communities and countries have effectively become competitors for the favours of transnational corporations. Yet, this government refuses to insist that our trading partners live up to their legal responsibilities as signators to the Convention on the Rights of the Child. "Appropriate Penalties and Sanctions" - this country agreed to this. Yet, 160 years after the Industrial Revolution, not only does child labour continue, but the government continues to allow the products of child labour to be sold freely. So why don't we boycott products of child labour? The Labour movement is good at boycotting products - not just for labour disputes, but also for social causes. Two good examples of the success of consumer boycotts are: * South Africa - to help bring an end to apartheid, and * The United Farmworkers of America boycott of California table grapes to help bring about justice for farmworkers. Why don't we simply stop buying products that are produced using child labour? What would be the effect of such a boycott? It would certainly draw international attention to the factories and sectors where child labour is predominant. While this may occasionally bring about improvements in working conditions for the children, more often it would result in children losing their employment. Families would starve, or the children would be forced into bondage or prostitution in order to survive. More importantly, no one in these countries has asked for a boycott of the products of child labour. * The Congress of South African Trade Unions asked for a boycott of South African products. * The United Farmworkers of America asked to boycott California table grapes. Those who work on the ground with child labourers stress that a boycott would only hurt those very children we are trying to help. What can we do? Raise Public Awareness of the Issues The first step to bring this issue to the forefront is to raise awareness, within the labour movement and with the public. The Federation of Labour and our affiliated unions are sponsoring public messages on child labour from November 20th through December 22nd. This message will be seen on bus shelters, skytrain stations, in malls and on the sides of buses as you drive to work or take transit. And, union members delegated to the Federation of Labour Convention will participate in our December 4th "mailing" - where we will hand out these same Christmas cards to shoppers in the downtown core. Lobby the Government In early December, union members will be getting a Christmas card from their unions outlining the facts about child labour, and encouraging their participation in a postcard campaign to lobby the Prime Minister to change our trade practices. Support Legitimate Organizations Who Organize Campaigns to End Child Labour Our campaign also indicates our clear support for UNICEF's program to bring about an end to child labour. Background material on issues surrounding child labour are available on our website, or may be obtained by calling our office ( ). Why are we supporting UNICEF? The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) supports the same principles of fair labour, human rights and democracy that we, in the labour movement, support. We support their program of action to end child labour, including a child's rights to free and compulsory primary education, wider legal protection, birth registration, independent monitoring and codes of conduct for businesses. Our union movement represents nearly 40 percent of the work force. Working with our community partners, we can make a tremendous difference. So this year, take child labour off your shopping list and help UNICEF's Campaign Against Child Labour. 45

8 Module 1 39 What are nations particularly encouraged to do in the reduction of child labour? A. Specify minimum wage for all labourers. B. Carry out inspections of shift lengths and the working environment. C. Publicise the names of companies who do not comply with the new laws. 40. Why is the government criticised in the text? A. It trades with countries that have not signed the agreement. B. It has not changed working conditions since the industrial revolution. C. Goods produced with child labour are still allowed to be sold. 41. What is most likely to happen in the event of a boycott of child labour produced goods? A. The factories and sectors where child labour is predominant would normally close down. B. An improvement in working conditions for children is generally the result. C. The employers of children would usually dismiss them. 42. What is not given as a method that will be used for raising public awareness? A. A broadcast from the Federation of Labour. B. Advertisements on public transport. C. Giving special cards to people in shopping centres. 43. How does the writer suggest people can help? A. Change the government and elect a new Prime Minister. B. Boycott all products produced with child labour. C. Increase awareness and campaign with appropriate organisations. 44. What message does the writer give at the end of the text? A. If forty percent of workers take part in the protest then a great difference can be made. B. Community partners form forty percent of the work force and can achieve great things. C. The combination of the community with the union has potential to affect the situation. STEP 3: Decide which of the options (A), (B) or (C) best explains the meaning of the underlined word or expression in items below and promoting laws banning child labour. A. advancing B. carrying C. advertising 46 Children work in factories, knotting rugs, assembling toys, working with hot ovens... A. keeping B. putting together C. developing 47 But unlike the West, employment standards laws in many developing countries do not apply to children. A. specify B. practice C. hold 48 Provide for appropriate regulation of the hours and conditions of employment... A. assuming B. proper C. interesting 49 The Labour movement is good at boycotting products - not just for labour disputes, but also for social causes. A. quarrels B. problems C. reasons 50 The Federation of Labour and our affiliated unions... A. related B. interested C. nearby 46

9 Module 1 STEP 4: Fill in the gaps in Column B with a word or words which have a similar meaning to the words underlined in statements in Column A, as in the example Column A Since the Industrial Revolution, the labour movement has been at the forefront in fighting against child labour and promoting laws banning child labour. Yet today, an estimated 250 million children under the age of 14 still work in developing countries. Child labour was reduced in western countries in part by combining legislation and its enforcement with compulsory primary education. But in many developing countries, primary education is not even available, never mind compulsory. States parties shall take legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to ensure the implementation of this article. To this end, parties shall in particular: In 1991, our country ratified these and all other provisions in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. This Convention is the most widely ratified human rights agreement in history. In this new global economy, all workers, communities and countries have effectively become competitors for the favours of transnational corporations. Yet, this government refuses to insist that our trading partners live up to their legal responsibilities as signators to the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Our affiliated unions are sponsoring a public message on child labour from November 20th through December 22nd. This message will be seen on bus shelters, skytrain stations, and in malls. Column B Since the Industrial Revolution, the labour movement has been at the forefront in fighting against child labour and promoting laws banning child labour. But despite this, an estimated 250 million children under the age of 14 still work in developing countries. Child labour was reduced in western countries in part by combining legislation and its enforcement with compulsory primary education...., However in many developing countries, primary education is not even available, never mind compulsory. States parties shall take legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to ensure the implementation of this article. In order to... achieve/accomplish/do..., this parties shall in particular: In 1991, our country ratified these and all other provisions in the Convention on the Rights of the Child... that... has / is... become / now the most widely ratified human rights agreement in history. In this new global economy, all workers, communities and countries have effectively become competitors for the favours of transnational corporations... while/but this government refuses to insist that our trading partners live up to their legal responsibilities as signators to the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Our affiliated unions are sponsoring a public message on child labour from November 20th through December 22nd... which will be seen on bus shelters, skytrain stations, and in malls. ACTIVITy 6 For items 56-60, fill in the gaps using as many words as the number of gaps indicates. The words should fit into the text, both lexically and grammatically. Column A: News Headline 0. France Agrees to New Plan Column B: Reported News France has reached an agreement regarding their new health care plan for the elderly. 56. Neighbours Shocked by Discovery. Neighbours of the man found the discovery shocking. 57. Police Make Arrest in London Thefts Police arrested a man yesterday in connection to a series of thefts in London. 58. Friends Hold Vigil All Week All week friends of the victim will be holding a vigil in town. 59. Fed to Clamp Down on Loans The Federal Reserve issued a statement saying it will clamp down on new loans in the new year. 60. G-8 Leaders Pledge to Cut Emissions in Half by G8 leaders pledged cut in half by today that all carbon emissions will be

10 Module 2 WriTing and mediation ACTIVITy 1 A greek friend of yours, who has just returned from a short trip to London, presented you with a leaflet which he/she picked up from the British Museum. The following extract from the leaflet provoked your angry reaction. Write a short letter (about words) to the editor of The Guardian, a British quality paper, questioning the truthfulness of the information in the leaflet, and expressing your strong dissatisfaction. THE BRITISH MUSEUM Why are the Parthenon Sculptures always in the news? How did the sculptures come to London? Between 1801 and 1805 Lord Elgin, the British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire of which Athens had been a part for some 350 years, removed about half of the remaining sculptures from the rubble and from the building itself and brought them to Britain. He acted with the full knowledge and permission of the Ottoman authorities. Lord Elgin's actions preserved the sculptures that were brought to London from further weathering and destruction from pollution. These sculptures were legally acquired from Lord Elgin by the British Museum in 1816, following a special Parliamentary Select Committee which inquired fully into the legality of Lord Elgin's actions, with money voted for the purpose by the British Parliament. Since then, they have been on display to the public in the British Museum free of entry charge. What is the Greek Government asking for, and why? The Greek Government is asking for the perpetual removal of all the Parthenon sculptures from the British Museum to the New Acropolis Museum, which is still under construction. The Greek authorities believe that the Parthenon is the most important symbol of Greece's national identity, and are therefore seeking to reunite in Athens all of the surviving sculptures. What is the British Museum's response? The British Museum was founded by the British Parliament in 1753 as a unique cultural resource freely available for the citizens of the whole world. In the British Museum, the Parthenon sculptures are an integral part of a world museum which tells the story of human cultural achievement. Here, as nowhere else, Greece's cultural debts to the other great civilizations of the ancient world, especially Egypt, Assyria and Persia, can be clearly seen, and the vital contribution of ancient Greece to the development of later cultural achievements in Europe, Asia and Africa can be fully understood. In a new Acropolis Museum, the sculptures would be part of a local museum with a particular focus only on the history of ancient Athens. The Greek Government does not recognise that the Museum s Trustees are the legal owners of the sculptures in London. This makes it very difficult for the Museum s Trustees to have serious discussions on the matter. The Trustees title to the sculptures would be upheld by any European legal system. More about the Parthenon debate can be found on the British Museum website (www.thebritishmuseum.ac.uk/gr/grparth.html) 48

11 Module 2 ACTIVITy 2 MEDIATION Small groups of adolescents from different countries of Europe are visiting the Eu premises in Brussels. Various people have been asked to present different aspects of the Eu to the visitors. Imagine that you have been requested to talk about the union's policy on biological food products. using information from the text below, prepare an informative talk of about words. ÂéïëïãéêÜ Ðñïéüíôá Ãéá íá åíèáññýíåé ôçí áýîçóç ôçò âéïëïãéêþò ðáñáãùãþò êáé íá âåëôéþóåé ôçí ðñïóôáóßá ôùí êáôáíáëùôþí üôáí áãïñüæïõí âéïëïãéêü ðñïúüíôá, ç ÅõñùðáúêÞ íùóç èýóðéóå êáíüíåò ðïõ äéýðïõí ôç âéïëïãéêþ ðáñáãùãþ. Ïé êáíüíåò áõôïß ðåñéëáµâüíïõí ôá åßäç ðñïúüíôùí ðïõ µðïñïýí íá ñçóéµïðïéçèïýí óôá öõôü Þ óôï Ýäáöïò óôçí ðåñßðôùóç ôùí äçµçôñéáêþí Þ ôùí öñïýôùí êáé ëá áíéêþí êáé ôá åßäç æùïôñïöþí Þ êôçíéáôñéêþí öáñµüêùí ðïõ µðïñïýí íá ñçóéµïðïéçèïýí óôç æùéêþ ðáñáãùãþ. ÄåäïµÝíïõ üôé ïñéóµýíá ðñïúüíôá µðïñåß íá áöþóïõí õðïëåßµµáôá óôï Ýäáöïò ãéá µåãüëï äéüóôçµá ýóôåñá áðü ôç ñþóç ôïõò, ç ÅÅ áðáéôåß áðü ôïõò ãåùñãïýò íá Ý ïõí áêïëïõèþóåé áõôýò ôéò êáôåõèõíôþñéåò ãñáµµýò åðß äýï Ýôç ôïõëü éóôïí ðñïêåéµýíïõ ôá ðñïúüíôá ôïõò íá áñáêôçñéóôïýí âéïëïãéêü. Ãéá íá åîáóöáëéóôåß üôé ïé êáôáíáëùôýò ãíùñßæïõí ôé ðáßñíïõí üôáí áãïñüæïõí âéïëïãéêü ðñïúüíôá, ç ÅÅ Ý åé åðßóçò èåóðßóåé êáíüíåò ó åôéêü µå ôçí óþµáíóç. Ôï 1999 åðéôåý èçêå óõµöùíßá ãéá ôçí åíéáßá óþµáíóç ôùí âéïëïãéêþí ðñïúüíôùí óå ïëüêëçñç ôçí ÅÅ. Êáèþò ç µåôüâáóç óôç âéïëïãéêþ ðáñáãùãþ áðáéôåß äýï Þ ðåñéóóüôåñá Ýôç, ç ÅÅ ðñïóöýñåé äéüöïñåò µïñöýò åíßó õóçò óôïõò ãåùñãïýò ðïõ åðéèõµïýí íá µåôáóôñáöïýí áðü ôç óõµâáôéêþ µýèïäï ðáñáãùãþò. Ç ñçµáôïäüôçóç ãéá ôçí åíßó õóç ôùí ãåùñãþí ðïõ ñçóéµïðïéïýí âéïëïãéêýò µåèüäïõò áíýñ åôáé óôï 8% ôïõ óõíïëéêïý ðñïûðïëïãéóµïý ôùí ðåñéâáëëïíôéêþí µýôñùí êáé ïé ãåùñãïß µðïñïýí íá ëüâïõí Ýùò 900 åõñþ áíü åêôüñéï ãéá íá áðïæçµéùèïýí ãéá ôç âñá õðñüèåóµç ïéêïíïµéêþ áðþëåéá ëüãù ôçò µåôüâáóçò óôç âéïëïãéêþ ðáñáãùãþ. ÐçãÞ: ÅõñùðáúêÝò Êïéíüôçôåò ÕãéåéíÜ ôñüöéµá ãéá ôïõò ðïëßôåò ôçò Åõñþðçò 49

12 Module 3 Listening ACTIVITy 1 Listen to three different news reports. Choose the best answer (A, B, or C) for questions 1-6. Listen and answer question What do scientists claim about global warming? A. It has always occurred every one thousand years. B. Global warming has speeded up recently. C. It has increased temperatures by nearly 6 degrees in some areas. Listen and answer question What is said about the effects of global warming? A. Coal, oil and gas will no longer be burnt. B. Carbon dioxide levels have doubled in a century. C. Natural disasters are more frequent. Listen and answer question What best describes the type of film she is reviewing? A. A detective film. B. A war film. C. A romantic film. Listen and answer question What is true about 'A Very Long Engagement'? A. There is an element of mystery in the story. B. It is already a celebrated hit. C. There is also a book that accompanies the film. Listen and answer question What does the library contain that the public may not expect? A. There are separate sections for children and adults. B. There are films that can be taken out. C. The computers are connected to the Internet. Listen and answer question What point does the reporter make about the library? A. It is an example of what modern libraries should be like. B. It is typical of contemporary libraries. C. It faces competition from other cultural institutions. ACTIVITy 2 STEP 1: Read items 7 and 8, and then listen to a reporter s narration about his trip to the Sahara Desert. Choose the best answer, (A, B or C). 7. How does the speaker feel about the desert? A. He considers it to be different from the stories. B. A sense of romanticism and respect. C. He has always feared its power. 8. What is his attitude regarding his success? A. He had achieved a victory over nature. B. He wished to go on to greater achievements. C. He had accomplished a great personal ambition. STEP 2: Read items Listen and choose the best answer (A, B or C) for each of these items. 9. Soon the reporter began to appreciate A. the language skills of his guides. B. the strength of the natural world. C. bonding with his fellow travelers. 10. When the reporter finished his trip he felt A. he had conquered nature. B. only very tired. C. like he had accomplished something. 50

13 Module 3 ACTIVITy 3 STEP 1: Read items 11 and 12, and then listen to an interview with Maria Wilson, a firefighter. Choose the best answer, A, B, or C. 11. How does Maria feel to be a female firefighter? A. Generally happy, despite the disadvantages. B. Satisfied, despite the danger faced every day. C. Pleased at being a member of this team. 12. Does Maria seem happy with her work? A. Yes, she enjoys the physical activity involved. B. Yes, she enjoys the job and helping people. C. Yes, she is well known in the community. Listen again and do STEP 2. STEP 2: Read items Listen and choose the best answer (A, B or C) for each of these items. 13. Maria feels women in the fire brigade A. are controlled by the men. B. are treated just like the men. C. face much inequality. 14. Maria is most concerned about A. the unexpected. B. chemical factory fires. C. entering burning buildings. ACTIVITy 4 STEP 1: Read item 15. Listen and choose the best answer, A, B, or C. 15. Before bringing your baby home you should A. make sure your pet is well-trained. B. teach your pet new commands. C. make sure your pet is affectionate. STEP 2: Read statements Listen and decide if the statements in are TRuE (A), FALSE (B) or NOT STATED (C). STATEMENTS 16. Simple commands are not important for your dog to learn 17. Dogs take time adjusting to a new member of the family 18. Dogs behavioral problems will seem the same after a new baby arrives 19. Pets often become protective of new family members 20. If you aren t sure, you shouldn t adopt a pet right after having a baby A B C T T T T T 51

14 Module 4 STEP 3: Read items 21-25, listen and fill in the gaps (2-3 words) in the ANSWERS col- QUESTIONS 21. What should you do with your pet right after your new baby comes home? ANSWERS The pet should be kept... isolated. 22. What should you do with your pet, even if you are tired? Spend quality... time with it. 23. Why should you give positive attention to your pet when the new baby is around? So the pet does not... associate the baby with something negative. 24. How should you introduce your pet and new baby? Keep the dog on a... short leash and slowly bring it closer to the child. 25. When should you leave your baby alone with a pet? Even if you trust your pet you should... never leave your infant alone with it. module 4 ORAL PRODUCTION AND mediation The time devoted to oral language assessment is 20 minutes, and candidates are examined in pairs. The test contains two activities. When candidates have entered the exam room and settled, they are to use only English. At the beginning of the exam you will be asked two or three ice-breaking questions. ( e.g. How old are you?, What do you do?, What are your interests?, etc.) Then the examiner will explain to you how the test will be conducted. The warm-up and instruction giving should take approximately 1 minute. ACTIVITy 1 Candidates are provided with a prompt and they must show that they can clearly state what their personal view on the issue is and justify it. The total duration of this activity is 4 minutes (2 minutes for each candidate). INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Examiner: I will now tell you what is going to happen. First, I will ask each of you a question. You each have approximately 2 minutes to present a spoken response to me. Candidate A (..) goes first and B (..) follows. 4 What do you think of sport education? Is it important or not? 4 What effect do you think big sponsors have on sports? Are they really necessary? 4 What s the role of sports in our society? 52

15 Module 4 ACTIVITy 2 Candidates are assigned a task that requires them to discuss an issue with a view to reaching a common decision or to solving a problem. They exchange information they have extracted from their greek texts. Each candidate sees only his/her text before and during the discussion. The total duration of this section is 15 minutes. INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Examiner: (Then), I will assign a task, which will check your ability to discuss an issue in order to solve a problem or reach a common decision. I will be an active listener rather than a participant in your conversation. In order to respond to the requirements of the task, you must first read a text written in Greek in order to extract relevant information. You will be given 2-3 minutes to prepare. Look at your text only. The texts you and your partner have are related but differ, hence creating the need for you to exchange information. When I tell you to begin, candidate B (..) will open the discussion. It is your responsibility to keep the conversation going. The total time for this 2nd activity is 15 minutes. Candidate A & Candidate B 4 You and your partner have read contradictory reviews about "The Choir Boys". Talk to each other and decide whether or not you would see this film. 4 You and your partner have just seen "The Choir Boys". Talk about the strengths and weaknesses of the film. 4 You and your partner are film critics. You've both seen "The Choir Boys". Try to convince him/her that the film is/is not really worth seeing. Candidate A Íïóôáëãßá êáé óõìðüèåéá Ôïõ ÐÁÍÁÃÉ ÔÇ ÐÁÍÁÃÏÐÏÕËÏÕ Óå ìéá êáëïåêôåëåóìýíç óõíôáãþ, ìðïñåß íá èáõìüóåéò ôá ðïéïôéêü õëéêü, ôçí áãüðç ôïõ óåö, áêüìç êáé ôï óõìðáèçôéêü áðïôýëåóìá, áëëü - äå ìðïñåß - èá áðïñþóåéò ãéáôß äåí óïõ ðñïóöýñåôáé êüôé ðéï åíäéáöýñïí. ÊÜôé ôýôïéï óõìâáßíåé êáé ìå ôá "ÐáéäéÜ ôçò ïñùäßáò", ôï íôåìðïýôï ôïõ Êñéóôüö ÌðáñáôéÝ, ðïõ Ýóêéóå ôá ôáìåßá ôçò Ãáëëßáò êáé äéåêäéêåß ¼óêáñ êáëýôåñçò ôáéíßáò. Ç ôáéíßá, ðïõ áöçãåßôáé ôçí éóôïñßá åíüò êáèçãçôþ, ðïõ äéäüóêåé ó Ýíá ó ïëåßï ãéá áíåðéèýìçôïõò ìáèçôýò (áêüìç êáé ôï üíïìü ôïõ óçìáßíåé "ðüôïò"), ìïéüæåé íá Ý åé ñïõöþîåé ìå ìáãíþôç üëá ôá óõíáéóèçìáôéêü êëéóý ôùí ìáèçôéêþí ôáéíéþí åíçëéêßùóçò êáé äéäáóêáëéêþò ôñõöåñüôçôáò. Ôï ó ïëåßï "Ï ðüôïò" åßíáé áðü ôá ðéï æïöåñü åêðáéäåõôéêü éäñýìáôá ðïõ ìðïñåß íá öáíôáóôåß êáíåßò, üìùò "áêüìç êé åêåß õðüñ åé êáñäéü êáé èýñìç". Ï áðïôõ çìýíïò ìïõóéêüò ðïõ ãßíåôáé êáèçãçôþò, èá îåðåñüóåé ôá ðüóçò öýóåùò åìðüäéá ôçò åîïõóßáò (äçëáäþ ôï äéåõèõíôþ ôïõ), èá äéáêñßíåé ôï êáëü ìýóá óôïõò ðáñåîçãçìýíïõò ìáèçôýò ôïõ, ðïõ áðïêáëýðôåôáé üôé Ý ïõí áããåëéêýò öùíýò, êáé èá áãáðþóåé êáé ôç ìçôýñá ôïõ åíüò áðü ôïõò áãáðçìýíïõò ôïõ ïñùäïýò. Ï ìáèçôþò ìüëéóôá, ðáñü ôï äõóïßùíï ðñïóäüêéìï êáñéýñáò ôùí áðïöïßôùí ôïõ ó ïëåßïõ, èá åîåëé èåß óôïí ìåãáëýôåñï ìáýóôñï ôïõ êüóìïõ. ÂëÝðïíôáò ôçí ôáéíßá äåí ôçí óêýöôåóáé ôüóï áðïìõèïðïéçìýíá. Åßíáé üìïñöá öôéáãìýíç, ôñõöåñþ êáé Ý åé Ýíáí êáëü ðñùôáãùíéóôþ ìå êëïïõíßóôéêç öéãïýñá, ôï ÆåñÜñ Æéíü. Ìüíï ðïõ ëßãï ìåôü, óêýöôåóáé üôé ç óõãêßíçóç ðïõ ìðïñåß íá ðñïêáëýóåé ïöåßëåôáé óôï ãáëëéêü ôçò ðåñéôýëéãìá, êé üôé Ýíá ðñïò Ýíá ôá åðéìýñïõò óôïé åßá ôçò ôá Ý ïõìå äåé (êáé îáíáäåß êáé îáíáäåß). Áí Þôáí ÁìåñéêÜíéêç ðáñáãùãþ, èá ôç áñáêôçñßæáìå ìå ôçí ðñþôç ìáôéü ìïõóéêü õðïðñïúüí ôïõ "Êýêëïõ ôùí áìýíùí ðïéçôþí". Ôá ÃáëëéêÜ áêïýãïíôáé ßóùò ðéï ìïõóéêü, ü é üìùò êáé ðéï êéíçìáôïãñáöéêü. 53

16 Module 4 Candidate B H áãñéüäá ôïõ ìáõñïðßíáêá ÔÏÕ ÄÇÌÇÔÑÇ ÌÐÏÕÑÁ "Ôá ðáéäéü ôçò ïñùäßáò" áñ ßæïõí üðùò ôï "ÓéíåìÜ ï ÐáñÜäåéóïò" áëëü ðïëý íùñßò ôñáâïýí ôï äéêü ôïõò äñüìï êáé áðïìáêñýíïíôáé áðü ôç íïóôáëãßá. Îåêéíïýí áðü ôï óþìåñá êáé ôï ìåëüäñáìá êáé öôüíïõí, ìå Ýíá ìåãüëï öëáò ìðáê, óôá ôýëç ôçò äåêáåôßáò ôïõ 1940 üðïõ äéáäñáìáôßæåôáé ç éóôïñßá: íáò áíáãíùñéóìýíïò äéåõèõíôþò ïñ Þóôñáò îåöõëëßæåé ôï çìåñïëüãéï ôïõ ðáëéïý äáóêüëïõ ôïõ, óôïí ïðïßï ñùóôüåé ôá ðüíôá, êáé áíáðïëåß ôá äýóêïëá ðáéäéêü ôïõ ñüíéá. Ïé ìíþìåò îåêéíïýí Ýíá ÓÜââáôï ôïõ 1948 óôçí ðýëç ôïõ óùöñïíéóôçñßïõ áíçëßêùí - Ýíá áðü ôá ðïëëü ðïõ éäñýèçêáí óôç Ãáëëßá ìåôü ôïí ðüëåìï óõãêåíôñþíïíôáò ðáéäéü áðü ðñïâëçìáôéêýò ïéêïãýíåéåò, ôá ïðïßá óõíþèùò áíôéäñïýóáí âßáéá óôïí êüóìï ôùí ìåãüëùí. íáò Üíåñãïò äüóêáëïò ìïõóéêþò ðçãáßíåé åêåß ãéá íá áíáëüâåé äïõëåéü åðüðôç. Óýíôïìá èá ãßíåé ç æùíôáíþ ðáñáöùíßá óå Ýíá áõôáñ éêü åêðáéäåõôéêü óýóôçìá ðïõ èåùñåß ôçí êïéíùíßá æïýãêëá êáé ôá ðáéäéü èçñßá, äßíïíôáò óôïí åêðáéäåõôéêü ôï ñüëï ôïõ èçñéïäáìáóôþ. Ç óýãêñïõóç ôïõ íåïöåñìýíïõ ìå ôï äéåõèõíôþ ôïõ éäñýìáôïò åßíáé áíáðüöåõêôç, áëëü äåí ðåñéãñüöåôáé ó çìáôéêü êáé êñáõãáëýá ãéáôß ôï óåíüñéï óêéáãñáöåß ñåáëéóôéêü ôïõò áñáêôþñåò. Ç ìýèïäïò ôïõ äáóêüëïõ ìïõóéêþò äåí áðïêëåßåé ôçí ôéìùñßá, âáóßæåôáé óôï óåâáóìü ôçò ðñïóùðéêüôçôáò êáé óôï åýåé íá êüíåé ôá ðáéäéü õðåýèõíá ãéá ôçò ðñüîåéò ôïõò. Ï äéåõèõíôþò ôïõ ó ïëåßïõ áíôéìåôùðßæåé ôç óêáíôáëéü ùò ðáñüðôùìá êáé Ýãêëçìá. Ï ìïõóéêüò, ï ïðïßïò öôéü íåé ìéá ïñùäßá äßíïíôáò äçìéïõñãéêþ äñáóôçñéüôçôá óôá ðáéäéü, âëýðåé ôçí åêðáßäåõóç ùò öïñýá ðïëéôéóìïý êáé ôç óõëëïãéêüôçôá ùò ðñïûðüèåóç ãéá ôçí áñìïíßá ôçò êïéíùíßáò. Ç óêçíïèåóßá ôïõ Êñéóôüö ÌðáñáôéÝ êëéìáêþíåé Ýíá ëéôü êáé óôéâáñü äñüìá, äéáëýïíôáò ôï êýëõöïò ôïõ áêáäçìáúóìïý êáé ôçò çèïãñáößáò êáé áðïêáëýðôïíôáò ôçí øõ Þ ôçò ôáéíßáò äßðëá óôçí êëçñïíïìéü ôïõ ÖñáíóïõÜ Ôñéöü. Ç óêëçñüôçôá ìå ôçí ïðïßá áíôéìåôùðßæåé ôç íïóôáëãßá ôçò ðáéäéêþò çëéêßáò äßíåé ôïí ôüíï óôçí "ÐáéäéêÞ ïñùäßá" êáé ôçò ðñïóäßäåé ùñéìüôçôá. 54

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