1 annual report 2011 madrid - galicia - país valenciano andalucía - canarias - país vasco
2 Chairman s letter 3 Solidaridad Internacional 4 Sectoral allocation of resources 6 Geographical area allocation of resources 7 Information on democracy and peacebuilding 8 Climate change adaptation and mitigation 10 Empowerment of women and equality 12 Humanitarian action 14 Right to nourishment 16 Incidence and Networks 18 Volunteer corps 20 Fair Trade 22 Collaborations and appreciations 24 Financial information 26 Publishing Director: Ana Rosa Alcalde Coordination and editing: Inmaculada Gómez Design: Ana Benítez Photos: Archive of Solidaridad Internacional Solidaridad Internacional C/ Jaén 13 local, Madrid Teléfono: Fax:
3 Chairman s letter By the time these lines reach the reader, several long-time sought after ambitious goals will have been made reality. In effect, after a great deal of work time and preparation for the benefit of a stronger organization, with greater capacity of social incidence and better adapted to the enormous changes experienced by development cooperation worldwide, our organization will have finally taken the step of joining together with another two NGO s (IPADE and HABITÁFRICA) to form Alianza por la Solidaridad (Alliance for Solidarity) A new organization to which we will have joined together the best of all of our extensive experience in the field of development cooperation, as well as our human teams and material resources with a renewed passion for contributing towards the eradication of poverty worldwide, the equality of rights of all persons and the affirmation of their dignity against injustice and exploitation. The birth of the new organization is a pioneering step in the atomized world of Spanish cooperation and an attestable expression of our will to join forces with those with whom we share values and visions of the world in order to work more and better. We trust that, shortly, we will be able to include in this Alianza por la Solidaridad new organizations that share goals similar to ours in order to form a major secular, progressive NGO in the field of development cooperation, with an ample European and international presence. Solidaridad Internacional s programs in 2011, on which we are pleased to report on the following pages, have been developed around five axes defining our Strategic Plan: Democracy and Construction of Peace, Adaptation and Mitigation of Climatic Change, Empowerment of Women and Equality, Humanitarian Action and Right to Nourishment. Together with them, fair trade activities and the mobilization of the volunteer corps have occupied an important place. These programs, even more enriched and expanded, will be continued by the newborn organization. economic crisis has uniquely affected countries such as Spain which had developed a very positive evolution in the design and financing of cooperation policies in previous years. In Spain, decentralized cooperation (Autonomous Communities and Municipalities) has been practically reduced to a symbolic expression of what it was, and centralized cooperation (AECID and other State institutions) has suffered cutbacks of an extraordinary magnitude in the last year, to be prolonged in the future. The entire cooperation sector is suffering at this time adjustments and hardships which, themselves, would be less important if they did not mainly affect the ultimate recipients of the funds managed by the sector: impoverished populations worldwide. Spain is the developed country in which development cooperation has been reduced most drastically as a consequence of public budgetary adjustments and of the not less ostensible reduction in private aid. In this frame, not at all encouraging for our goals, we have continued participating decisively in the establishment of European networks and in the strengthening of a renewed discourse for development cooperation, as expressed by our participation in the IV High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (Busan, South Korea) and in the strategy of civil society with a view towards the II General Assembly of the Open Forum in Cambodia. Convinced as we are that cooperation policies require not only solid, continuous budgetary support, which is necessary to once again replenish, but also a critical participation of society in the design and discussion of these policies in the assignment of the funds which derive therefrom. That is why, without a doubt, Alianza por la Solidaridad will provide continuity and raise to another dimension the work developed by Solidaridad Internacional over more than 25 years. The decline in the financing of development cooperation worldwide has for some time placed at risk the achievement of the millennium goals. Furthermore, the long international Juan Manuel Eguiagaray Ucelay Presidente de Solidaridad Internacional 3
4 Solidaridad Internacional VISION, MISSION AND VALUES The Vision of Solidaridad Internacional is to come to achieve a model of society based on: - human security, peace and democracy both in the interior of countries as well as globally, - sustainable and fair economic, social and cultural development; - the protagonism of local organizations; - the eradication of poverty, discrimination and marginalization; - solidarity among countries and in the interior of each country; - fair access to the national and international markets; - the sustainable management of natural resources and improvement of the environment; - the achievement of dignified living standards for the poorest populations and full access to global public property; - equity in the treatment and respect of gender identity, racial, ethnic or social origin, nationality, religion or creed, sexual orientation, disabilities or age as inalienable rights of all human beings. Consequently, Solidaridad Internacional has as its Mission: - To promote sustainable human development, the eradication of poverty in all of its dimensions, gender equality, responsible, sustainable consumption, the protection of natural resources and the environment, the achievement of dignified living standards for the poorest populations and full access to global public property. 4 - To contribute to achieving security, peace and democracy, to the protection of persons displaced by conflicts and by causes of migration, assuring equity in treatment and respect of gender identity, racial, ethnic or social origin, nationality, religion or creed, sexual orientation, disabilities or age. In order to comply with its Mission Solidaridad Internacional carries out the following activities: - To develop and finance international cooperation projects for development and humanitarian action, in close cooperation with social and political entities and organizations of impoverished countries, from the principles of mutual commitment, co-responsibility, participation and equality - To articulate the raising of solidarity funds, both from companies as well as from public institutions, for the achievement of such purposes - To carry out education programs for the development, political incidence and awareness of public opinion, as instruments to generate a social awareness and mobilization favorable to the changes which a fairer, more equitable and solidary world must achieve. - To carry out Fair Trade activities, as an avenue to promote the principles and values of international development cooperation. - All those tasks subordinated or accessory to the principal activity, such as the training and consolidation of agreements, consortia, networks and platforms of entities aimed at attaining the goals and purposes listed herein. Solidaridad Internacional will act pursuant to the Values of respect for Human Rights, Secularism, Plurality, Equality and Justice. With all of these elements at its disposal, Solidaridad Internacional wishes to promote a cooperation model that does not generate new dependencies, that consolidates and reinforces the processes of autonomous and sustainable human development, that always works in collaboration with local organizations, promotes participation and equal opportunities between men and women. Solidaridad Internacional is subject to compliance with the following Codes of Conduct: Code of Conduct of Development NGO s of the Spanish Coordinator of NGDO s Code of Conduct on Food Aid and Food Security (Euronaid) Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross Movement Euromed Platform Charter of Values Furthermore, Solidaridad Internacional has its own Guidelines in Humanitarian Action which it applies in interventions in humanitarian or emergency aid. PRESENT STRUCTURE Solidaridad Internacional is formed by various Development NGO s which have their separate legal status, but share mission, vision and goals, as well as in some cases structure and field personnel through nine country offices in Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Haiti, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador and Algeria, and two regional offices in Senegal-Gambia-Guinea Bissau and the Middle East.
5 Fundación Solidaridad Internacional Calle Jaén, nº 13 local Madrid Tel: RELATED ASSOCIATIONS, DELEGATIONS AND SUPPORT GROUPS IN SPAIN Nazioarteko Elkartasuna. Solidaridad Internacional Conde Mirasol 7 bajo Bilbao Tel: Asociación Solidaridad Internacional del País Valenciano Manuel Antón 13-4º A Alicante Tel/Fax: Asociación Canaria para la Cooperación, Solidaridad Internacional Centro de Voluntariado. C/ Juan Romeu García 28-3º D Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands) Tel: Asociación Solidaridad Internacional Andalucía Juan Antonio Cavestany 20 A Sevilla Tel: Fax: Solidariedade Internacional de Galicia C.C. Municipal Monte Alto. C/ Vereda del Polvorín A Coruña Tel: Delegation of Solidaridad Internacional in Castilla-La Mancha. Delegation of Solidaridad Internacional in Castilla-León Delegation of Solidaridad Internacional in Extremadura Delegation of Solidaridad Internacional in Murcia Delegation of Solidaridad Internacional in Cantabria Delegation of Solidaridad Internacional in La Rioja Delegation of Solidaridad Internacional in Navarra Delegation of Solidaridad Internacional in Aragón SUPPORT GROUPS IN THE COMMUNITY OF MADRID Support Group of Solidaridad Internacional in Alcobendas Support Group of Solidaridad Internacional in Torrejón de Ardoz. Support Group of Solidaridad Internacional in Arganda del Rey. Support Group of Solidaridad Internacional in San Sebastián de los Reyes. Support Group of Solidaridad Internacional in Coslada Support Group of Solidaridad Internacional in Fuenlabrada FAIR TRADE SHOPS Madrid.- La Casa Encendida. Ronda de Valencia 2 Tel Seville.- Juan Antonio Cavestany, 20 A Tel A Coruña.- Rúa Canuto Berea, 2 Tel Ourense.- Ría da Paz, 8 Tel Pontevedra.- Galerías da Oliva Tel KEY PERSONS Board of trustees of the Foundation Chairman: Juan Manuel Eguiagaray Ucelay First Vice Chairman: María Virtudes Monteserín Rodríguez Trustees: Alfonso Arenas Ferriz, Angeles Yáñez-Barnuevo García, Manuel Martinez Ocón, Rosa Conde Gutiérrez del Álamo, Montserrat Domínguez Montoli, Ana María Arriola Palomares, Juan Manuel Cornide Pérez, Federico Mañero Ruiz, Santiago de Torres Sanahuja, Juan Ignacio López Gandásegui, María Paz Gutiérrez. Advisory Board Javier Salas Collantes, Antonio F. Segura, Santiago de Torres Sanahuja, Juan Claudio de Ramón, Juana Bengoa Beriain, Federico Mañero Ruiz. Editorial Board Ana Ramírez, Ignacio Molina, Ignacio Soleto, José Angel Sotillo, Miguel Bayón, Susana Hidalgo, Vicente Palacio. Volunteer Corps Our volunteer corps is formed by persons committed to achieving a fairer and more equitable model of society and dedicate part of their time to collaborating with the development of our mission. We wish to especially thank for their support and collaboration those who in 2011 supported and accompanied us in our activities. 5
6 Sectoral allocation of resources 2011 Implementation of Expenditure. Total Resources ,49 9,99% 16,30% 86% 5% 9% Peacebuilding and democracy ,50 55% 20% 25% Gender equality and the empowerment of women ,26 20,70% 20,97% 2% 16,63% 15,40% 78% 3% 17% Right to nourishment ,97 70% 15% 15% Climate change adaptation and mitigation ,14 Central America and The Caribbean South America The Mediterranean Africa 3% Gender equality and the empowerment of women. Peacebuilding and democracy. Right to nourishment. Other sectors. Humanitarian and emergency aid. 69% 9% 19% Humanitarian and emergency aid ,83 74% 26% Other sectors Climate change adaptation and mitigation. 6
7 Geographical area allocation of resources 2011 Implementation of Expenditure. Total Resources ,49 África 5% Central America and The Caribbean 41% The Mediterranean 20% South America 34% Central America and The Caribbean ,23 South America The Mediterranean Africa ,7% 4,6% 7,9% 1,4% 3,3% 11,3% 1,7% 9,4% 1,3% 13,2% 43,9% 10,4% 36,6% 20,7% 69,6% 19,3% 54% 31,5% 29,4% 26,7% 7
9 Information on democracy and peacebuilding The current world economic crisis originated in the financial sector but has now become a crisis of governance and of the concept of democracy. People worldwide expect their leaders to protect the most vulnerable citizens, maintain order, regulate the financial markets and plan a more stable future. In developing countries where the State s capacity is often weak, these challenges of governance are complicated with reduced financial flows, loss of employment and social unrest. In this context, Solidaridad Internacional s commitment to investing in democratic governance has never been more necessary. Working with fewer public resources to help more needy persons means that governments have to be better when providing services and ensuring equality and inclusion in the economic, social and political spheres. At the same time, establishing a sustainable path for overcoming the crisis with human development watching requires better representation and supervision, better participatory planning and better budgeting capabilities in the spheres of national and local government, as well as the organizations of civil society and citizens having the capability of causing their governments to render accounts. In this regard, S.I. s work in democracy is focused pursuant to a generally accepted concept of governability. In general terms, democratic governability is not only presented as a necessary frame for human development, but is also shaped as the minimum institutional environment necessary in order that any effort favoring human development, such as the Millennium Goals, can be achieved. In addition, democratic governability is able to guarantee public policies and institutions respectful of human rights, and demand efficiency in the provision of services. The work in democracy is based on two axes: 1. Institutional strengthening of local public entities to guarantee the exercise of the political and social rights of their citizens (transparent and participatory local public policies; provision of basic social services with standards of accessibility and quality, rendering of accounts to citizens) and 2. Strengthening of civil society organization to exercise functions of participation, control and social monitoring of the local administrations; to carry out information campaigns on rights and to accompany the local entities in the provision of basic social services always in the frame of public policies and with strategies aimed at transfer of services in the medium term. Work is carried out principally in two areas. On the one hand we work in Central America (El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua), focusing on three rights: right to water, right to political participation and right to equity of gender. Work is carried out on these rights with civil society organizations and with the municipal governments of the areas of intervention. The other area is North Africa, with special attention on Algeria, where the strengthening of the social fabric is supported, supporting small civil society organizations and other larger ones that amass the associative movement in Oran, Algiers and Kabilia. To illustrate a few examples of what we have done in 2011, in Algeria a training program aimed at small associations was implemented, in order to reinforce them institutionally and establish contact among them, so that alliances may arise in the future. Part of these small associations were beneficiaries of eight micro projects involving theoretical-practical training to become capable of identifying, preparing and executing development projects in their places of action. In El Salvador, with respect to the right to water a diagnostic test was performed which allowed identifying 44 water systems in six municipalities, dimensioning their coverage, strengths and weaknesses, evaluating their administrative, technical, organizational and legal management, the composition by sex of each one of them and the status of the infrastructure. Based on this diagnostic test and the results obtained from the water quality analysis, work was performed in reinforcing the knowledge of the civil servants entrusted with the management and maintenance of the municipal drinking water systems. 9
10 Climate change adaptation and mitigation Solidaridad Internacional Ecuador develops a strategy aimed at reducing the impact of man s invasive activities on the Ecuadorian Amazon. Since 2006, with financing from the European Union, a coordinated work was begun with local public institutions to prioritize inter-institutional guidelines that promote public policies focused on a sustainable handling of the Amazon forest, tied to the activation of alternative productive proposals in the rural communities which allow access and improvement of their basic rights. The strategy is focused on the Amazon province of Orellana, with an extension of 21,547 km2 and a population of 137,848 inhabitants, but which has the particularity of having had a population growth in recent years of 54.12% (INEC, census comparison 2001 and 2010). This situation originated from the 1970 s and has increased exponentially since 2000 due to the start of oil extraction activities in the province, which has spurned the massive arrival of colonists from other regions of the country and generated the social, economic and cultural transformation of Orellana. This fact is evidenced by the percentage reduction of representativeness of the indigenous nationalities, from 90-95% of the total population in Orellana in the 1970 s, to represent only 30% at present. The environmental reality of the province shows us as principal problems the contamination of hydraulic resources and soil due to oil exploitation and the loss of forest mass and biodiversity due to deforestation and the excessive use of wood and of several animals. Although these activities (oil, expansion of livestock 10 borders and of wood extraction) generate a certain degree of wealth to the province, they are neither sustainable in time nor is their wealth distributed in an equitable fashion, inasmuch as 56% of the population lives in a situation of poverty without their basic needs satisfied, and 59.8% is in a situation of extreme poverty. The extraction of oil is generating an economic mono-dependency in the region, the estimates for duration of reserves being approximately years, and destroying different alternative economic activities, apart from the environmental impact generated by the uncontrolled extraction and without control, principally in the region s hydraulic resources. Non-regulated livestock initiatives are provoking a change in use of land and the discretionary cutting down of the forest, despite the forest land being muddy and not the most appropriate for livestock activities, and this together with the scarce technical preparation in rural communities, leads to productive actions that basically relate to subsistence. And with respect to the illegal extraction of wood, one may say that this is the fastest and most effective for obtaining money for the owners of forests in rural communities, although this activities carries with it its risks because illegal cutting down of forests is a criminal offense, the high levels of poverty and the scarce awareness and knowledge of the meaning of loss of forests (except for indigenous communities) has made illegal cutting down a means of life for these families. The prioritization of these economic initiatives has also affected the traditional way of life of the three indigenous nationalities (Kichwas, Shuar and Waorani), as well as the groups of this latter nationality still without contact (Tagaeris and Taromenane), who live in what is referred to as voluntary isolation. In order to overcome this situation, Solidaridad Internacional has implemented three lines of work in Orellana during 2011: 1. Strengthening of local institutions. Solidaridad Internacional and the local institutions have worked together to plan public policies focused on reducing deforestation and implementing productive alternatives for the sustainable management of the Amazonian tropical rainforest. 2. Empowering rural communities. Solidaridad Internacional has collaborated with Parish Boards and Community Leaders to implement sustainable productive alternatives. Some of these are the collection of native seeds for nurseries and handcrafting; the collection, processing and transformation of medicinal plants into final products; the rational timber extraction and community-based tourism initiatives which protect the forest by creating a Network of Communitarian Tourism. 3. Raising awareness on the plight of the Ecuadorian Amazon forest. Solidaridad Internacional has built strategic partnerships with the most representative civil organizations carrying out events focused on raising awareness about Amazonian issues; analysing current environmental policies and making proposals to improve environmental planning.
13 Empowerment of women and equality Inequalities between women and men constitute one of the main obstacles against achieving a sustainable, fair and equitable development. Despite the progress made during recent decades, serious challenges still persist in order to achieve the full exercise of human rights by women and equality of gender. Women continue to constitute 70% of the persons who live in extreme poverty worldwide. Despite performing two-thirds of all work worldwide, they only receive between 5% and 10% of the income. Every year, 358,000 women die from complications during pregnancy and childbirth and more than 70,000 lose their live due to unsafe abortions. Likewise, on a worldwide level, gender violence is the principal cause of death among women age 15 to 44. As these data demonstrate, there is still a long road ahead to make effective even the most basic human rights of women. In this context, the empowerment of women and work in favor of gender equality constitutes one of Solidaridad Internacional s main sectors of work, representing around 20% of the investment the institution has made in development cooperation during The work has been centered around two principal lines of work: the defense and promotion of health and sexual and reproductive rights and the fight against gender violence. The work in development cooperation in Southern countries has been complemented by public awareness actions and incidence in Spain as well as an internal work aimed at making us a more egalitarian organization. On what priority matters have we focused the work? The majority of the work has focused on the defense and promotion of health and sexual and reproductive rights and the fight against gender violence. In what countries and areas have we worked? Principally in the Middle East (Lebanon, Jordan and Palestine) and in the Andean Area (Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador). We have also implemented public awareness actions and incidence in Spain. How much money have we invested? During 2011 we invested more than two million euros on promoting equality between women and men. With whom do we work? Along general lines, Solidaridad Internacional understands that its work must focus on collaboration and support of organized women s movements and pro-egalitarian organizations. At present, we collaborate principally with feminist organizations, basic women s organizations as well as with public and private entities related to the development and implementation of public policies and services in the area of health and sexual and reproductive rights and the right to a life free from violence. We are committed to a double work strategy, which implies strengthening the capacities both of the women themselves, in order that they may demand and monitor the compliance and full exercise of their rights, as well as of public institutions, in order that they may comply with their duty to respect, protect and make effective the rights of women. The women with whom we collaborate are, principally, Palestinian women affected by the Palestinian-Israeli conflict in the Palestine Territories, Lebanon and Jordan and young and adult women in rural and peripheral urban areas in Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru. Furthermore, we work with adolescent and young men, understanding that their commitment to equality is necessary in order to make women s rights effective. What type of activities have we carried out? - Awareness and training of women and men on the subject of sexual and reproductive rights and the right to a life free from violence. - Training of women in order that they may participate in public policy development processes and demand and monitor compliance with their rights. - Improvement of the quality and warmth of the assistance services related to health and sexual and reproductive rights and the right to a life free from violence. - Development of incidence and awareness activities in favor of women s rights, such as campaigns to achieve the inclusion as a criminal offense of feminicide in the penal codes of the Andean countries or the denouncement of crimes of honor in the Middle East. - Work with communications media and journalists in order that they contribute towards modifying the inequalities between women and men and denounce the violation of women s rights. - Awareness and incidence activities in Spain in favor of women s rights, e.g. through the campaign Tu Voz Cuenta (Your Voice Counts). - Activities aimed at our own organization to promote gender equality in institutional life, through the giving of training courses on gender for personnel, the implementation of the institutional equality plan and the preparation of institutional guidelines. 13
14 Humanitarian action Although the capacity to provide Humanitarian Assistance has improved over time, progresses in the consolidation of donor s good practices and the reform of the sector have been limited. The needs of populations affected by conflicts, catastrophes and epidemics continue to grow, while international funds for humanitarian aid are suffering considerable cutbacks. Following years of budgetary increase, in 2010 Spain reduced its contributions. It is also important to point out that only 1.2% of Spain s humanitarian financing was channeled through NGOs, as compared to 15.3% of the OECD/DAC average. At Solidaridad Internacional we understand humanitarian aid as something broader than humanitarian assistance. In that sense, we feel that there should be not only a greater global response capacity to humanitarian crises, but also more focused attention to strengthen the preparation, anticipation, mitigation and response to forecasted crisis of the coming decade. Solidaridad Internacional also believes that there are unaddressed gaps and issues which paint a not very optimistic picture in the coming years. The humanitarian crises and the emergencies will persist over time if the funding continues to fall, or the political agendas and 14 security are prioritised over the population matters. In relation to the above, there are several issues that still need to be tackled: - The low degree of attention given by donors and actors to Gender issues. - The humanitarian intervention should take into account the Prevention, Preparation and Recovery approach. - Current aid is insufficient for undertaking present and future needs. - The politicization of aid, which continues to prevent millions of people from accessing it. Solidaridad Internacional works on a continuous basis in Colombia, Ecuador, Haiti and Palestinian Territories, thus on different humanitarian contexts. Our sectors of intervention are the following: - Reduction of Disaster Risk. - Humanitarian Protection and the promotion of International Humanitarian Law. - Humanitarian Assistance. In 2011, Solidaridad Internacional assisted more than 55,000 persons (28,235 women and 27,407 men), which represents approximately 9,600 families. Out of those 55,000, 1,843 represent displaced population, more than 17,000 are confined persons 1 and 587 are refugees. Colombia Ecuador Haiti Total Colombia Ecuador Total Persons Displaced pers Women Refugees Men Families Confined pers Confinement means a situation of violation of rights and liberties which implies a restriction on free mobilization as well as on access to goods indispensable to survival to which the civil population is subjected as a consequence of explicit or implicit practices of military, economic, political, cultural, social or environmental control exerted by legal or illegal armed groups in the frame of an armed conflict.