HOW TO EVALUATE BUILDINGS AND DETERMINE RETROFIT COSTS

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "HOW TO EVALUATE BUILDINGS AND DETERMINE RETROFIT COSTS"

Transcription

1 David Bell PJHM Architects, Inc. Young Nam Daniel Traub Thornton Tomasetti how to evaluate buildings and determine retrofit costs HOW TO EVALUATE BUILDINGS AND DETERMINE RETROFIT COSTS Presented by: David Bell, AIA, PJHM Architects Inc. Young Nam, S.E., Thornton Tomasetti Daniel Traub, S.E., Thornton Tomasetti

2 REGULATIONS ASSEMBLY BILL (AB) 300, 1999 (CORBETT) REQUIRED DGS TO DO AN INVENTORY OF PUBLIC SCHOOL BUILDINGS THAT TO NOT MEET 1976 U.B.C U.B.C. ADDED SEISMIC PROVISIONS IN REACTION TO RECENT EARTHQUAKES REGULATIONS DGS REPORT, ISSUED NOVEMBER, 2002 INVESTIGATED BUILDINGS BUILT BETWEEN 1933 AND PASSAGE OF THE FIELD ACT AS REACTION TO 1933 LONG BEACH EARTHQUAKE

3 REGULATIONS ADOPTION OF 1976 U.B.C, SO ALL BUILDINGS APPROVED AND BUILT AFTER 1978 ASSUMED TO BE COMPLIANT WOOD FRAMED BUILDINGS EXEMPT FROM INVENTORY: 80% OF BUILDINGS, 379M SQ. FT. BUILDINGS INVENTORIED ARE CONCRETE TILT- UP AND/OR HAVE NON-WOOD FRAMED WALLS REGULATIONS BUILDINGS SORTED INTO TWO CATEGORIES: CATEGORY 1: EXPECTED TO PERFORM WELL IN AN EARTHQUAKE 2,122 BUILDINGS, 27M SQ. FT. CATEGORY 2: NOT EXPECTED TO PERFORM AS WELL AS CATEGORY 1 BUILDINGS IN AN EARTHQUAKE 7,537 BUILDINGS, 65M SQ. FT.

4 REGULATIONS PROPOSITION 1-D, PASSED NOVEMBER, 2006 $7.3 BILLION FOR K-12 CONSTRUCTION $199.5 MILLION AVAILABLE FOR SEISMIC RETROFITS REGULATIONS BEING DEVELOPED TO DETERMINE HOW AND TO WHOM THOSE FUNDS ARE DISTRIBUTED DSA HAS IDENTIFIED 142 BUILDINGS AS BEING THE MOST VULNERABLE CALIFORNIA BUILDING CODE 2001 EDITION CURRENTLY, 2007 EDITION EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, ASSEMBLE TEAM SEISMIC MITIGATION PROGRAM 2. INITIAL STUDY Establish Evaluation Approach Verify Buildings Establish Seismic Performance Objectives 3. EVALUATION Different Approaches Cost Estimate Prioritize PRESENTATION FOCUS 4. POST EVALUATION Modernizations 5. FUNDING 6. IMPLEMENTATION

5 INITIAL STUDY 1. VERIFY THE FOLLOWING FOR THE BUILDINGS 1. Building exists / Still part of District 2. No previous seismic retrofit * 3. Verify Category 1 or 2 (or neither) 2. ESTABLISH SEISMIC PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES Damage Control Life Safety Collapse Prevention 3. DEFINE SCOPE OF WORK Evaluation Approach Cost Estimate Approach * MAY NEED INPUT FROM STRUCTURAL ENGINEER PERFORMANCE LEVELS Collapse FEMA DESIGNATIONS Continuous Operation Immediate Occupancy Life Safety AB 300 DESIGNATIONS Damage Control Collapse Prevention

6 EVALUATION TYPES 1. PROPOSITION 1D APPROACH (WITH OR WITHOUT FUNDING) 2. FEMA 310 / ASCE 31 ASSESSMENT 3. CURRENT CODE EVALUATION CAN ALSO BE A HYBRID OF THE ABOVE APPROACHES PROP 1D APPROACH BASED ON AB 300 REPORT & PROP 1D ADDRESSES ONLY MOST VULNERABLE BUILDINGS WILL NOT IDENTIFY OTHER BUILDINGS THAT MAY HAVE SEISMIC DEFICIENCIES AND LIFE SAFETY RISKS

7 SUGGESTED CRITERIA BY DSA TO IDENTIFY MOST VULNERABLE BUILDINGS * CRITERIA 1 Site Acceleration > 1.55 g NO * State Allocation Board Implementation Committee Meeting August 3, 2007 Yes CRITERIA 2 Category 2 and Building Type C1, PC1A, PC2 OR URM NO Yes Does Not Qualify for Prop 1D Funding CRITERIA 3 Occupied by Students & Teachers NO Yes CRITERIA 4 Report from Structural Engineer (Assessing Collapse Prevention) Yes NO Apply for Prop 1D CRITERIA 1 Site Acceleration > 1.55 g Northern California Eureka 1.55 g San Francisco San Jose

8 CRITERIA 1 Site Acceleration > 1.55 g Southern California 1.55 g Los Angeles Riverside CRITERIA 2 Definitions based on DSA study pursuit to AB 300: SEISMIC SAFETY INVENTORY OF CALIFORNIA PUBLIC SCHOOLS MOST VULNERABLE BUILDING TYPES IN CATEGORY 2 C1 - Concrete Moment Frame PC1A Precast/Tilt-Up Concrete Shear Wall with Flex. Diaphragm PC2 Precast Concrete Frame and Concrete Shear walls URM Unreinforced Masonry Bearing Wall (Includes those previously retrofitted with gunite walls) (Note this is only 4 of 12 building types identified in Category 2)

9 BUILDING TYPES C1 PC1A PC2 URM CRITERIA 3 & 4 OCCUPIED BY STUDENTS AND TEACHERS Verify the usage of the building REPORT FROM STRUCTURAL ENGINEER * The lateral force resisting system does not meet collapse prevention performance Provide specific deficiencies and reasoning that the building has a potential for catastrophic collapse * Probably Requires A FEMA 310 / ASCE 31 and or FEMA 356 / ASCE/SEI 41 Type Assessment

10 FEMA 310 / ASCE 31 APPROACH TYPES OF EVALUATIONS THAT CAN BE PERFORMED (The selected type will depend upon evaluation objectives) 1. Category 2 Buildings Only Addresses Most Vulnerable buildings identified by DSA May want to first verify that buildings classified correctly to Category 2 FEMA 310 / ASCE 31 APPROACH 2. All Category 1 & 2 Buildings Provides comprehensive understanding of seismic risk for the District Identifies other Life Safety concerns (Including Category 1 buildings) Provides opportunity to implement other Life Safety retrofits into modernization program Able to obtain total cost for retrofit of all buildings Does not necessarily bring building up to current structural code

11 FEMA 310 / ASCE 31 APPROACH 3. All Buildings Similar to previous except, includes buildings not reviewed during AB 300 study (wood frame & post 1978 buildings) Verifies that buildings were correctly classified CURRENT CODE APPROACH SOME DISTRICTS WISH TO BRING BUILDING UP TO CURRENT CODE TYPICALLY MORE EXPENSIVE, BUT NOT NECESSARILY NOT ALWAYS POSSIBLE STRUCTURAL ENGINEER PERFORMING RETROFIT MAY BE MORE FAMILIAR WITH CURRENT CODE THAN FEMA 356 / ASCE 41

12 ESTABLISHING COSTS PER DSA (AS RECOMMENDED TO SAB 8/3/07): $60 PER SQ. FT. COST TO RETROFIT 142 IDENTIFIED BUILDINGS = 1,760,000 SQ. FT. = $106 MILLION IN CONSTRUCTION COSTS SOFT COSTS ESTIMATED AT 29%, $31 MILLION = TOTAL OF $137 MILLION (2002 DOLLARS) ADJUSTED TO $169 MILLION (2007 DOLLARS) DOUBLE COSTS TO ACCOUNT FOR OTHER REQUIRED WORK = $338 MILLION $338 MILLION / 142 MOST VULNERABLE = $2.38 MILLION PER BUILDING (STATE + LOCAL FUNDS) ASSESSING COSTS INDIVIDUAL PROJECT COSTS VERY SITE SPECIFIC! DEPENDS ON SITE, BUILDINGS, EVALUATION FINDINGS AND MITIGATIONS DSA REQUIRED SCOPE OF WORK ACCESS COMPLIANCE & FIRE LIFE SAFETY UPGRADES REQUIRED

13 ASSESSING COSTS - CBC 1134B.2.1 A PRIMARY ENTRANCE TO THE BUILDING OR FACILITY AND THE PRIMARY PATH OF TRAVEL TO THE SPECIFIC AREA OF ALTERATION, STRUCTURAL REPAIR OR ADDITION, AND SANITARY FACILITIES, DRINKING FOUNTAINS, SIGNS AND PUBLIC TELEPHONES SERVING THE AREA MATERIAL COSTS ASSESSING COSTS EDUCATION DELIVERY COSTS SPATIAL IMPACTS CLASSROOM IMPACTS

14 PRIORITIZE PRIORITIZE MOST VULNERABLE BUILDINGS BASED ON AB 300 CRITERIA IDENTIFY RELATIVELY EASY FIXES ALLOW TO MAKE AN INFORMED DECISION / PLANS POST EVALUATION (now what?) DO YOU HAVE A PROJECT (FUNDING)? DSA ESTIMATE - $2.38 MILLION PER BUILDING 60% STATE / 40% LOCAL: $1.43M STATE / $950,000 LOCAL DISTRICT SPECIFICS STATUS / SOURCE OF LOCAL FUNDING? PURSUE HARDSHIP? MODERNIZATION PROGRAM?

15 PROGRAM THE PROJECT TYPE OF PROJECT: SEISMIC RETROFIT OR FULL MODERNIZATION? DSA REQUIRED SCOPES FULL MODERNIZATION BENEFITS PLAN THE PROJECT MODERNIZATION WITH GREATER STRUCTURAL COMPONENT PROJECT TIMING / SCHEDULE SUMMER VACATION OR LONGER? MATERIAL LEAD TIMES INTERIM HOUSING?

16 CASE STUDIES PRE - AB 300 As part of a modernization Stand alone IN RESPONSE TO AB 300 RESOURCES 1. USGS Seismic Acceleration Maps 2. Seismic Safety Inventory of California Public Schools (AB 300 Report) 3. FEMA 424 Design Guide for Improving School Safety in Earthquakes, Floods and High Winds

Prepared For San Francisco Community College District 33 Gough Street San Francisco, California 94103. Prepared By

Prepared For San Francisco Community College District 33 Gough Street San Francisco, California 94103. Prepared By Project Structural Conditions Survey and Seismic Vulnerability Assessment For SFCC Civic Center Campus 750 Eddy Street San Francisco, California 94109 Prepared For San Francisco Community College District

More information

City of San Diego s Efforts to Promote Seismic Safety

City of San Diego s Efforts to Promote Seismic Safety City of San Diego s Efforts to Promote Seismic Safety Building Safety, Policy & Emergency Response 2011 EERI Annual Meeting San Diego February 10, 2011 I. Local Seismic Codes, Standards, Policies Outline

More information

What is Seismic Retrofitting?

What is Seismic Retrofitting? What is Seismic Retrofitting? SEISMIC RETROFITTING A Seismic Retrofit provides existing structures with more resistance to seismic activity due to earthquakes. In buildings, this process typically includes

More information

Dollars, deaths, and downtime: understand your building's seismic risk and how to evaluate it

Dollars, deaths, and downtime: understand your building's seismic risk and how to evaluate it Dollars, deaths, and downtime: understand your building's seismic risk and how to evaluate it SEAOSC Strengthening Our Cities Summit 5 Nov 2015, Los Angeles, CA Keith Porter, PE PhD University of Colorado

More information

9770 CULVER BOULEVARD CULVER CITY, CA 90232-0507 www.culvercity.org. Incidental improvements: improvements that do not qualify as minor or

9770 CULVER BOULEVARD CULVER CITY, CA 90232-0507 www.culvercity.org. Incidental improvements: improvements that do not qualify as minor or 9770 CULVER BOULEVARD CULVER CITY, CA 90232-0507 www.culvercity.org Construction Permitting Guidelines for Businesses Moving into Existing Buildings in Culver City If your business is moving into an existing

More information

Retrofitting in the Central US: A Federal Perspective

Retrofitting in the Central US: A Federal Perspective Retrofitting in the Central US: A Federal Perspective 2012 National Earthquake Conference Michael Mahoney FEMA, Building Science Branch National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) NEHRP was formed

More information

Article 5: Building Regulations

Article 5: Building Regulations Article 5: Building Regulations Division 37: Additional Building Regulations for Archaic Materials and Methods of Construction (Added Additional Building Regulations for Archaic Materials and Methods of

More information

SECURITY VS. EXITING... Door Locking Hardware in Schools DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT

SECURITY VS. EXITING... Door Locking Hardware in Schools DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT SECURITY VS. EXITING... Door Locking Hardware in Schools DIVISION OF THE STATE ARCHITECT G U I D E L I N E S DSA Guidelines for Door Locking Hardware in Schools Egress doors shall be readily openable from

More information

Chapter 34B MANDATORY EARTHQUAKE RETROFIT OF WOOD FRAME BUILDINGS

Chapter 34B MANDATORY EARTHQUAKE RETROFIT OF WOOD FRAME BUILDINGS 3401B 3404B.2 Add chapter as follows: Chapter 34B MANDATORY EARTHQUAKE RETROFIT OF WOOD FRAME BUILDINGS SECTION 3401B PURPOSE AND INTENT The purpose of this Chapter is to promote the health, safety, and

More information

Critical Facility Round Table

Critical Facility Round Table Critical Facility Round Table October 16, 2003 San Francisco Seismic Risk for Data Centers David Bonneville Senior Principal Degenkolb Engineers San Francisco, California Presentation Outline Seismic Risk

More information

Protecting Cultural Heritage against Earthquake

Protecting Cultural Heritage against Earthquake Protecting Cultural Heritage against Earthquake Miloš Drdácký Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic European Centre of Excellence Advanced Research

More information

ASCE 41-13: Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings

ASCE 41-13: Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings SEAOC 2012 CONVENTION PROCEEDINGS ASCE 41-13: Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings Robert Pekelnicky, SE Degenkolb Engineers San Francisco, CA Chris Poland, SE, NAE Degenkolb

More information

City of Riverside Building & Safety Division Phone: (951) 826-5697 www.riversideca.gov

City of Riverside Building & Safety Division Phone: (951) 826-5697 www.riversideca.gov City of Riverside Building & Safety Division Phone: (951) 826-5697 www.riversideca.gov BUILDING CODE REQUIREMENTS FOR CHILD DAY CARE The purpose of this document is to provide the user with a basic level

More information

Personal Information. Professional Education

Personal Information. Professional Education Jose Antonio Flores Ruiz Structural Engineer Personal Information Telephone + (52) 1 322 108 41 12 e mail Place of birth Toluca, Mexico Date of birth October 6th 1978 Marital Status Married Nationality

More information

Comparison of the Structural Provisions in the International Existing Building Code 2012 versus the Rhode Island State Rehabilitation Code

Comparison of the Structural Provisions in the International Existing Building Code 2012 versus the Rhode Island State Rehabilitation Code August 3, 2012 Existing Building Code 2012 versus the Rhode Island State By: Structural Engineers Association of Rhode Island, Building Code Committee Introduction At the request of the Building Code Standards

More information

Long-Term Disaster Recovery Top 10 Action Items. Association of Bay Area Governments April 2010

Long-Term Disaster Recovery Top 10 Action Items. Association of Bay Area Governments April 2010 Long-Term Disaster Recovery Top 10 Action Items Association of Bay Area Governments April 2010 What is Long-Term Recovery? Process of restoring a community to a stable and functional state Process begins

More information

Seismic Risk Prioritization of RC Public Buildings

Seismic Risk Prioritization of RC Public Buildings Seismic Risk Prioritization of RC Public Buildings In Turkey H. Sucuoğlu & A. Yakut Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey J. Kubin & A. Özmen Prota Inc, Ankara, Turkey SUMMARY Over the past

More information

Expected Performance Rating System

Expected Performance Rating System Expected Performance Rating System In researching seismic rating systems to determine how to best classify the facilities within the Portland Public School system, we searched out what was used by other

More information

Education, Outreach & Training Activities

Education, Outreach & Training Activities Education, Outreach & Training Activities NSF Site Review, San Diego 17 18 March 2011 NEES Strategic Aims for EOT 1. Building Community 2. Enable unique and innovative research 3. Knowledge Transfer 4.

More information

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO UCSD BERKELEY DAVIS IRVINE LOS ANGELES MERCED RIVERSIDE SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SANTA BARBARA SANTA CRUZ UNIVERSITY CENTERS - 0076 PHONE: (858) 822-4987 9500 GILMAN

More information

Mandatory Seismic Retrofit for Wood-Frame Buildings: Economic Impact Report

Mandatory Seismic Retrofit for Wood-Frame Buildings: Economic Impact Report Mandatory Seismic Retrofit for Wood-Frame Buildings: Economic Impact Report Controller's Office of Economic Analysis Item #130019 March 15, 2013 1 Introduction Approximately 44,000 San Francisco housing

More information

Bolting: Attachment Of The Mudsill To The Foundation

Bolting: Attachment Of The Mudsill To The Foundation Bolting: Attachment Of The Mudsill To The Foundation If the mudsill of a house (the pink area in the illustration at right) is not bolted, the lateral loads (back and forth motions) of an earthquake can

More information

RESILIENT + AFFORDABLE MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING. Addressing roadblocks and opportunities in pursuit of social resilience

RESILIENT + AFFORDABLE MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING. Addressing roadblocks and opportunities in pursuit of social resilience RESILIENT + AFFORDABLE MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING Addressing roadblocks and opportunities in pursuit of social resilience Context: CENTRAL CITY CONCERN -- OVERVIEW Founded in 1979. Providing comprehensive solutions

More information

Chapter 4 BUILDINGS, STRUCTURES, AND NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS. 4.1 Buildings Structural Systems EARTHQUAKE-RESISTANT DESIGN CONCEPTS

Chapter 4 BUILDINGS, STRUCTURES, AND NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS. 4.1 Buildings Structural Systems EARTHQUAKE-RESISTANT DESIGN CONCEPTS Chapter 4 BUILDINGS, STRUCTURES, AND NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS The NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions includes seismic design and construction requirements for a wide range of buildings and structures

More information

1997 Uniform Administrative Code Amendment for Earthen Material and Straw Bale Structures Tucson/Pima County, Arizona

1997 Uniform Administrative Code Amendment for Earthen Material and Straw Bale Structures Tucson/Pima County, Arizona for Earthen Material and Straw Bale Structures SECTION 70 - GENERAL "APPENDIX CHAPTER 7 - EARTHEN MATERIAL STRUCTURES 70. Purpose. The purpose of this chapter is to establish minimum standards of safety

More information

Presentations. Session 1. Slide 1. Earthquake Risk Reduction. 1- Concepts & Terminology

Presentations. Session 1. Slide 1. Earthquake Risk Reduction. 1- Concepts & Terminology Earthquake Risk Reduction Presentations Session 1 Slide 1 Earthquake Risk Reduction 1- Concepts & Terminology Welcome to the World Bank Institute s (WBI) Distance Learning (DL) course on Earthquake Risk

More information

Building damage patterns in Kathmandu Valley due to 25th April Earthquake. Kiran Acharya

Building damage patterns in Kathmandu Valley due to 25th April Earthquake. Kiran Acharya Building damage patterns in Kathmandu Valley due to 25th April Earthquake Kiran Acharya (acharyakiranraj@gmail.com, kacharya@baseengr.com) This report presents the nature of the earthquake that struck

More information

Chapter 3 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION FEATURES IMPORTANT TO SEISMIC PERFORMANCE

Chapter 3 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION FEATURES IMPORTANT TO SEISMIC PERFORMANCE Chapter 3 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION FEATURES IMPORTANT TO SEISMIC PERFORMANCE To satisfy the performance goals of the NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions, a number of characteristics are important to the

More information

Earthquake Safety Implementation Program. The City and County of San Francisco

Earthquake Safety Implementation Program. The City and County of San Francisco Earthquake Safety Implementation Program The City and County of San Francisco EARTHQUAKE RISK AND SAN FRANCISCO S PRIVATE SCHOOLS REPORT December 31, 2013 Earthquake Risk and San Francisco s Private Schools

More information

STATEMENT OF SPECIAL INSPECTION AGREEMENT

STATEMENT OF SPECIAL INSPECTION AGREEMENT BUILDING SAFETY DEPARTMENT Lausmann Annex Medford, OR 97501 200 South Ivy Street (541) 774 2350 building@cityofmedford.org STATEMENT OF SPECIAL INSPECTION AGREEMENT This agreement shall be submitted by

More information

Commercial Building Valuation Report

Commercial Building Valuation Report INSURED University of Houston - Victoria Effective Date: Expiration Date: Cost as of: 09/2010 BUILDING 1 217 - University Center 77901 Location Adjustments Climatic Region: High Wind Region: Seismic Zone:

More information

HOW METAL BUILDING INSURANCE COSTS COMPARE TO OTHER BUILDING TYPES

HOW METAL BUILDING INSURANCE COSTS COMPARE TO OTHER BUILDING TYPES MBMA INSURANCE BULLETIN no. 15 HOW METAL BUILDING INSURANCE COSTS COMPARE TO OTHER BUILDING TYPES Contractors who build with other products will compete with metal buildings based on an assumption that

More information

375 - Central Washington University Capital Project Request. 2015-17 Biennium

375 - Central Washington University Capital Project Request. 2015-17 Biennium Starting Fiscal Year: 2012 Project Class: Program Agency Priority: 3 Project Summary CWU completed a self-funded predesign on the existing vacated Samuelson Union Building (SUB) in June 2010, which was

More information

Access California Proposed Regulations for Electric Vehicle Charging Stations

Access California Proposed Regulations for Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Proposed Regulations for Dennis J. Corelis Deputy State Architect, Access Code and Policy 8 August 2015 Disability Rights in the United States Disability Rights in the United States 1961 Pre-ADA Federal

More information

Updated Building Codes Are Changing Battery Rack Certification Requirements Design and Testing Impacts

Updated Building Codes Are Changing Battery Rack Certification Requirements Design and Testing Impacts Updated Building Codes Are Changing Battery Rack Certification Requirements Design and Testing Impacts Ken Sabo Senior Product Manager Aptus Montclair, CA 91763 Abstract Building codes affecting Seismic

More information

THE PEOPLE OF THE CITY OF LOS ANGELES DO ORDAIN AS FOLLOWS:

THE PEOPLE OF THE CITY OF LOS ANGELES DO ORDAIN AS FOLLOWS: ORDINANCE NO. 183893 An ordinance amending Divisions 93 and 95 of Article I of Chapter IX of the Los Angeles Municipal Code to establish mandatory standards for earthquake hazard reduction in existing

More information

Page & Turnbull imagining change in historic environments through design, research, and technology

Page & Turnbull imagining change in historic environments through design, research, and technology DCI+SDE STRUCTURAL EVALUATIONS OFFICE BUILDING, TOOL SHED & WATER TANK, AND BLACKSMITH & MACHINE SHOP BUILDINGS SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA [14290] PRIMARY PROJECT CONTACT: H. Ruth Todd, FAIA, AICP, LEED

More information

Foundations 65 5 FOUNDATIONS. by Richard Chylinski, FAIA and Timothy P. McCormick, P.E. Seismic Retrofit Training

Foundations 65 5 FOUNDATIONS. by Richard Chylinski, FAIA and Timothy P. McCormick, P.E. Seismic Retrofit Training Foundations 65 5 FOUNDATIONS by Richard Chylinski, FAIA and Timothy P. McCormick, P.E. 66 Foundations Foundations 67 FOUNDATIONS Let's assume that the retrofit has been done correctly from the roofline

More information

MEASURE G-2010 EXHIBIT B FULL TEXT BALLOT PROPOSITION OF THE SAN JOSE EVERGREEN COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT BOND MEASURE ELECTION NOVEMBER 2, 2010

MEASURE G-2010 EXHIBIT B FULL TEXT BALLOT PROPOSITION OF THE SAN JOSE EVERGREEN COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT BOND MEASURE ELECTION NOVEMBER 2, 2010 MEASURE G-2010 EXHIBIT B FULL TEXT BALLOT PROPOSITION OF THE SAN JOSE EVERGREEN COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT BOND MEASURE ELECTION NOVEMBER 2, 2010 To better prepare San Jose City College/ Evergreen Valley

More information

PROJECT SUMMARY. Scope of work details: (If phased construction, please see plan submittal guidelines.)

PROJECT SUMMARY. Scope of work details: (If phased construction, please see plan submittal guidelines.) APPENDIX B BUILDING CODE SUMMARY FOR ALL COMMERCIAL FIRE RESTORATION PROJECTS (EXCEPT 1 AND 2-FAMILY DWELLINGS AND TOWNHOUSES) (Reproduce the following data on the building plans sheet 1 or 2) Name of

More information

KCC Event Brief: 2014 La Habra Earthquake

KCC Event Brief: 2014 La Habra Earthquake KAREN CLARK & COMPANY KCC Event Brief: 2014 La Habra Earthquake June 2014 2 COPLEY PLACE BOSTON, MA 02116 T: 617.423.2800 F: 617.423.2808 Overview On Friday, March 28, 2014 at 9:09pm, a magnitude 5.1 earthquake

More information

2010 SAN FRANCISCO BUILDING CODE AB-094 ADMINISTRATIVE BULLETIN

2010 SAN FRANCISCO BUILDING CODE AB-094 ADMINISTRATIVE BULLETIN AB-094 ADMINISTRATIVE BULLETIN NO. AB-094 DATE : April 13, 2010 (revises bulletin dated May 26, 2009) (Updated 01/01/11 for code references) SUBJECT : Permit Review and Operation TITLE: : Definition and

More information

DSA Access Compliance Policies. Policies

DSA Access Compliance Policies. Policies DSA Access Compliance Policies Policies California Department of General Services. Division of the State Architect. Policies DSA 2009 CALIFORNIA ACCESS COMPLIANCE REFERENCE MANUAL POLICIES Introduction

More information

Basic Principles of Earthquake Loss Estimation - PML and Beyond - Single-Site Seismic Risk. Seismic Risk Terminology

Basic Principles of Earthquake Loss Estimation - PML and Beyond - Single-Site Seismic Risk. Seismic Risk Terminology A Campaign by the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute Northern California Chapter Basic Principles of Earthquake Loss Estimation - PML and Beyond - Single-Site Seismic Risk Seismic Risk Terminology

More information

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS TORNADO REFUGE AREAS IN EXISTING INDIANA K-12 SCHOOLS This is intended to be a resource for school safety This is intended to be a helpful resource available to specialists and

More information

Progressive Collapse Analysis and Design Guidelines

Progressive Collapse Analysis and Design Guidelines Progressive Collapse Analysis and Design Guidelines for New Federal Office Buildings and Major Modernization Projects June 2003 TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS Section Page Preface... iii Section 1.

More information

City and County of San Francisco Department of Building Inspection Edwin M. Lee, Mayor Tom C. Hui, S.E., C.B.O., Director NEW RESTAURANT PERMITTING PROCESS Frequently Asked Questions GENERAL INFORMATION:

More information

Risk Management Series. Engineering Guideline for Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation FEMA P-420 / May 2009 FEMA

Risk Management Series. Engineering Guideline for Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation FEMA P-420 / May 2009 FEMA Risk Management Series Engineering Guideline for Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation FEMA P-420 / May 2009 FEMA Cover Photo: Courtesy of University of California, Berkeley. Steel Braced Frames were added

More information

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT REPORT BOLINAS MARINE STATION - BOLINAS, CALIFORNIA

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT REPORT BOLINAS MARINE STATION - BOLINAS, CALIFORNIA STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT REPORT BOLINAS MARINE STATION - BOLINAS, CALIFORNIA College of Marin c/o Swinerton Management & Consulting P.O. Box 144003 835 College Avenue, Building MS-3 Kentfield, California

More information

Adopting Disaster Resilient Construction at the Local Level

Adopting Disaster Resilient Construction at the Local Level Adopting Disaster Resilient Construction at the Local Level Sponsored by The Concrete Joint Sustainability Initiative (CJSI) Presenter Biographies August 2012 Dean Frank, P.E., LEED GA Dean Frank is Director

More information

Structural Retrofitting For Earthquake Resistance

Structural Retrofitting For Earthquake Resistance Structural Retrofitting For Earthquake Resistance Ruben Boroschek WHO Disaster Mitigation in Health Facilities University of Chile rborosch@ing.uchile.cl www.hospitalseguro.cl The following paper is part

More information

Seismic Retrofit for Existing Buildings

Seismic Retrofit for Existing Buildings Seismic Retrofit for Existing Buildings 4-1-16 2A 3 2B 1 1 Fasten building to foundation A) Epoxy USP offers CIA GEL7000-C epoxy that enables anchors for shear and tension loads to be installed at existing

More information

Structural Inspection Foundations

Structural Inspection Foundations Structural Inspection Foundations 0211 Footings Concrete pad and continuous footings The concrete footings consist of continuous strip footings at the building perimeter of the following sizes: 16 wide

More information

6 RETROFITTING POST & PIER HOUSES

6 RETROFITTING POST & PIER HOUSES Retrofitting Post & Pier Houses 71 6 RETROFITTING POST & PIER HOUSES by James E. Russell, P.E. 72 Retrofitting Post & Pier Houses Retrofitting Post & Pier Houses 73 RETROFITTING POST AND PIER HOUSES This

More information

Seismic Rehabilitation of Les Jardins Westmount, Montreal (Quebec), Canada

Seismic Rehabilitation of Les Jardins Westmount, Montreal (Quebec), Canada Seismic Rehabilitation of Les Jardins Westmount, Montreal (Quebec), Canada M. Zarrabi & R. Bartosh BCA Consultants, Montreal, Quebec, Canada A. Pall Pall Dynamics Limited, Montreal, Canada SUMMARY The

More information

10 Seismic Retrofitting

10 Seismic Retrofitting Regulatory Environment Economic Impact Analysis 10 Seismic Retrofitting HSSA 1973 - SB 519 (Alquist) The Alfred E. Alquist Hospital Facilities Seismic Safety Act (SB 519 HSSA) of 1973 established a seismic

More information

SINGLE-FAMILY EARTHQUAKE (SEISMIC) RETROFITS

SINGLE-FAMILY EARTHQUAKE (SEISMIC) RETROFITS CITY OF BEAVERTON Community Development Department Building Division 12725 SW Millikan Way / PO Box 4755, Beaverton, OR 97076 Phone: (503) 526-2493 Fax: (503) 526-2550 General Information (503) 526-2222

More information

APTI Conference 2015 - Kansas City, Missouri CS04 Archaic Systems, Modern Needs

APTI Conference 2015 - Kansas City, Missouri CS04 Archaic Systems, Modern Needs APTI Conference 2015 - Kansas City, Missouri CS04 Archaic Systems, Modern Needs Suitability of Techniques of FRP Retrofit for Historic URM Buildings Presenter: Sara Alinia Student Scholar - Southern Illinois

More information

PROBATIONARY FIREFIGHTER TRAINING FIRE STATION 11-C Robbie Grego, Captain, Firehouse 11C Un-reinforced Masonry

PROBATIONARY FIREFIGHTER TRAINING FIRE STATION 11-C Robbie Grego, Captain, Firehouse 11C Un-reinforced Masonry PROBATIONARY FIREFIGHTER TRAINING FIRE STATION 11-C Robbie Grego, Captain, Firehouse 11C Un-reinforced Masonry INTRODUCTION In today s construction industry Masonry buildings are constructed under much

More information

The ACI 562 Repair Code

The ACI 562 Repair Code The ACI 562 Repair Code Code Requirements for Evaluation, Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Buildings by Keith Kesner 1 Chair ACI 562 Lawrence Kahn 2 Former Chair ACI 562 1. Associate WDP & Associates,

More information

Seismic Retrofit of Existing Buildings: Innovative Alternatives

Seismic Retrofit of Existing Buildings: Innovative Alternatives Seismic Retrofit of Existing Buildings: Innovative Alternatives Moe Cheung and Simon Foo Public Works & Government Services Canada Hull, Quebec, Canada Jacques Granadino Public Works & Government Services

More information

EARTHQUAKE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS

EARTHQUAKE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS GAP.2.0.9 A Publication of Global Asset Protection Services LLC EARTHQUAKE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS INTRODUCTION Buildings in many areas of the world are susceptible to damage from moderate to severe earthquakes.

More information

New Seismic Compliance Requirements for Hospitals. Preapproval Program. Rebroadcast of June 17, 2010

New Seismic Compliance Requirements for Hospitals. Preapproval Program. Rebroadcast of June 17, 2010 New Seismic Compliance Requirements for Hospitals Special Seismic Certification Preapproval Program Rebroadcast of June 17, 2010 Web Seminar Welcome & Program Overview Roger Richter Roger Richter is Senior

More information

Develop hazard mitigation policies and programs designed to reduce the impact of natural and human-caused hazards on people and property.

Develop hazard mitigation policies and programs designed to reduce the impact of natural and human-caused hazards on people and property. 6.0 Mitigation Strategy Introduction A mitigation strategy provides participating counties and municipalities in the H-GAC planning area with the basis for action. Based on the findings of the Risk Assessment

More information

FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT AWARD NO: 00HQGR0008. The University of Memphis, Center for Earthquake Research and Information

FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT AWARD NO: 00HQGR0008. The University of Memphis, Center for Earthquake Research and Information FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT AWARD NO: 00HQGR0008 Recipient Name: PI Name: Title of Recipient s Application: The University of Memphis, Center for Earthquake Research and Information Gary Patterson Strategies

More information

July 29, 2014. Revise Section 1.1 (BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT) to the following:

July 29, 2014. Revise Section 1.1 (BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT) to the following: ADDENDUM NO. 2 TO REQUEST FOR QUALIFICATIONS FOR NEW DEVELOPMENT OF OAKLAND UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT PROPERTIES, INCLUDING THE PARCELS HOUSING THE PAUL ROBESON ADMINISTRATION BUILDING AND DEWEY HIGH SCHOOL

More information

Guidelines for Remodeling and Additions with Respect to On-site Wastewater Treatment Systems

Guidelines for Remodeling and Additions with Respect to On-site Wastewater Treatment Systems PURPOSE Guidelines for Remodeling and Additions with Respect to On-site Wastewater Treatment Systems The Sonoma County Permit and Resource Management Department (PRMD) Well and Septic Division strives

More information

Between a Subduction Zone and a Hard Spot!

Between a Subduction Zone and a Hard Spot! Between a Subduction Zone and a Hard Spot! The Kodiak Experience FUNDING FOR VULNERABLE SCHOOL FACILITES Bud Cassidy, Kodiak Island Borough Manager Local Government Representative Alaska Seismic Hazards

More information

Contractor s Statement of Responsibility for Seismic-Force-Resisting Systems This form is to be filled out by the contractor.

Contractor s Statement of Responsibility for Seismic-Force-Resisting Systems This form is to be filled out by the contractor. SPECIAL INSPECTION PROCEDURE IBC CHAPTER 17 2012 EDITION When Required All projects that require a SC licensed Architect or Engineer per SC Architectural and Engineering registration law. Overview The

More information

GEOVERA INSURANCE COMPANY RESIDENTIAL EARTHQUAKE

GEOVERA INSURANCE COMPANY RESIDENTIAL EARTHQUAKE GEOVERA INSURANCE COMPANY RESIDENTIAL EARTHQUAKE UNDERWRITING MANUAL CALIFORNIA TABLE OF CONTENTS Subject Page Underwriting Guidelines.. UW-1 Introduction and General Description... 1 Description of Coverage.

More information

CHAPTER LEARNING ABOUT SEISMIC SAFETY OF SCHOOLS FROM COMMUNITY EXPERIENCE IN BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA

CHAPTER LEARNING ABOUT SEISMIC SAFETY OF SCHOOLS FROM COMMUNITY EXPERIENCE IN BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA CHAPTER 2 LEARNING ABOUT SEISMIC SAFETY OF SCHOOLS FROM COMMUNITY EXPERIENCE IN BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA Arrietta Chakos City Manager s Office, City of Berkeley, California, United States Keeping schools safe

More information

SEISMIC VULNERABILITY OF SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN TWO DISTRICTS OF LIMA, PERU USING THE ATC-21 METHODOLOGY

SEISMIC VULNERABILITY OF SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN TWO DISTRICTS OF LIMA, PERU USING THE ATC-21 METHODOLOGY SEISMIC VULNERABILITY OF SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN TWO DISTRICTS OF LIMA, PERU USING THE ATC-21 METHODOLOGY Z. Aguilar 1, J. Meneses 2, E. Bedriñana 3 and L. Pinto 4 (1) Associate Professor, (3) Student, Peru-Japan

More information

ASCE 41 Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings

ASCE 41 Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings ASCE 41 Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings Presentation Topics: 1. How to define a Rehabilitation Objective per ASCE 41. 2. Data Collection and Testing. 3. Analysis Requirements. 4. Modeling.

More information

TECHNICAL NOTE. Design of Diagonal Strap Bracing Lateral Force Resisting Systems for the 2006 IBC. On Cold-Formed Steel Construction INTRODUCTION

TECHNICAL NOTE. Design of Diagonal Strap Bracing Lateral Force Resisting Systems for the 2006 IBC. On Cold-Formed Steel Construction INTRODUCTION TECHNICAL NOTE On Cold-Formed Steel Construction 1201 15th Street, NW, Suite 320 W ashington, DC 20005 (202) 785-2022 $5.00 Design of Diagonal Strap Bracing Lateral Force Resisting Systems for the 2006

More information

WOOD ROOF REPLACEMENT ORDINANCE: COMMUNITY MEETING QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

WOOD ROOF REPLACEMENT ORDINANCE: COMMUNITY MEETING QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS WOOD ROOF REPLACEMENT ORDINANCE: COMMUNITY MEETING QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS During a recent community meeting with residents, many questions surrounding buildings with wood roofs were raised. This is intended

More information

10-Storey Office Building in Karachi A Case Study of Seismic Assessment

10-Storey Office Building in Karachi A Case Study of Seismic Assessment 10-Storey Office Building in Karachi A Case Study of Seismic Assessment Supported by the Pakistan-US Science and Technology Cooperation Program Summary The building is located in a densely populated area

More information

ASSESSMENT AND RETROFITTING OF EXISTING RC BUILDINGS IN VIETNAM IN TERMS OF EARTHQUAKE RESISTANCES

ASSESSMENT AND RETROFITTING OF EXISTING RC BUILDINGS IN VIETNAM IN TERMS OF EARTHQUAKE RESISTANCES GEM-SEA Workshop on Seismic Vulnerability of Buildings Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 1 st July 2013 ASSESSMENT AND RETROFITTING OF EXISTING RC BUILDINGS IN VIETNAM IN TERMS OF EARTHQUAKE

More information

Wind vs. Water and Unique Monroe County Mitigating Factors for Wind Damage

Wind vs. Water and Unique Monroe County Mitigating Factors for Wind Damage Wind vs. Water and Unique Monroe County Mitigating Factors for Wind Damage A Presentation to the Florida Commission on Hurricane Loss Projection Methodologies Prepared by the Grassroots Organization FIRM

More information

Disaster Risk Reduction Minimum Codes and Standards FEMA Policy

Disaster Risk Reduction Minimum Codes and Standards FEMA Policy Disaster Risk Reduction Minimum Codes and Standards FEMA Policy 204-078-2 POLICY STATEMENT FEMA will encourage and, to the extent permitted by law, require the integration and use of nationally recognized

More information

Mitigation Works. 0 Earthquakes move mountains. But so do imagination and ingenuity when matched with implementation.

Mitigation Works. 0 Earthquakes move mountains. But so do imagination and ingenuity when matched with implementation. 0 Earthquakes move mountains. But so do imagination and ingenuity when matched with implementation. 0 Earthquakes have long been feared as one of nature s most damaging hazards. Earthquakes continue to

More information

5 th International Conference Computational Mechanics and Virtual Engineering COMEC October 2013, Braşov, Romania

5 th International Conference Computational Mechanics and Virtual Engineering COMEC October 2013, Braşov, Romania z 5 th International Conference Computational Mechanics and Virtual Engineering COMEC 2013 24-25 October 2013, Braşov, Romania SEISMIC VULNERABILITY, RETROFITTING SOLUTIONS AND MONITORING FOR EXISTING

More information

The Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges

The Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges The Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges PRESENTED TO THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS DATE: May 18-19, 2015 SUBJECT: 2016-17 Capital Outlay Projects Item Number: 2.3 Attachment: Yes CATEGORY:

More information

TOWN OF WOODSIDE. Report to Town Council Agenda Item 7 From: Joanne Kurz, Building Official January 26, 2016 Approved by: Kevin Bryant, Town Manager

TOWN OF WOODSIDE. Report to Town Council Agenda Item 7 From: Joanne Kurz, Building Official January 26, 2016 Approved by: Kevin Bryant, Town Manager TOWN OF WOODSIDE Report to Town Council Agenda Item 7 From: Joanne Kurz, Building Official January 26, 2016 Approved by: Kevin Bryant, Town Manager SUBJECT: ADOPTION OF AN ORDINANCE AMENDING WOODSIDE MUNICIPAL

More information

Seismic Retrofit of Bridges - A Short Course

Seismic Retrofit of Bridges - A Short Course Seismic Retrofit of Bridges - A Short Course Presented by Ian Buckle Geoffrey Martin, and Richard Nutt MULTIDISCIPLINARY CENTER FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING RESEARCH Tilting of pier 12, Ejian bridge, Chi-chi

More information

KHATRI INTERNATIONAL, INC. CIVIL & STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS 3579 E.

KHATRI INTERNATIONAL, INC. CIVIL & STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS 3579 E. CIVIL & STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS 3579 E. Foothill Blvd., #736, Pasadena, CA 91107 Tel. (626) 351-4830 Dr. Khatri Cell 626-475-7660 Expert Witness Services Insurance Investigation Fire, Earthquake, Landslide,

More information

Text Box 1 Important Actions, Questions and Constraints to Consider on Standards and Vulnerability

Text Box 1 Important Actions, Questions and Constraints to Consider on Standards and Vulnerability 259 Text Box 1 Important Actions, Questions and Constraints to Consider on Standards and Vulnerability Actions Reach agreement on standards through public review and consensus Balance objectives for standards

More information

RENOVATIONS CHAPTER 5

RENOVATIONS CHAPTER 5 CHAPTER 5 RENOVATIONS SECTION 501 GENERAL 501.1 Scope. Renovations, as described in Section 303, shall comply with the requirements of this chapter. Renovations to historic buildings shall comply with

More information

2012 Michigan Rehabilitation Code for Existing Buildings ISBN: 978-1-60983-208-7

2012 Michigan Rehabilitation Code for Existing Buildings ISBN: 978-1-60983-208-7 2012 Michigan Rehabilitation Code for Existing Buildings First Printing: June 2014 ISBN: 978-1-60983-208-7 COPYRIGHT 2014 by INTERNATIONAL CODE COUNCIL, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. This 2012 Michigan Rehabilitation

More information

The Building Group First Tuesdays First Saint Paul s Lutheran Church 1301 North LaSalle Street, Chicago, Illinois

The Building Group First Tuesdays First Saint Paul s Lutheran Church 1301 North LaSalle Street, Chicago, Illinois Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc. 10 South LaSalle Street, Suite 2600 Chicago, Illinois 60603 312.372.0555 tel 312.372.0873 fax www.wje.com The Building Group First Tuesdays October 2, 2012 Jason

More information

John P. Masek, PE, SE Summary of Education and Experience

John P. Masek, PE, SE Summary of Education and Experience EDUCATION Washington University, Saint Louis, Missouri, B.S. Civil Engineering, 1981 Washington University, Saint Louis, Missouri, M.S. Structural Engineering, 1981 GPA= 3.6/4.0 Thesis: A Comparison of

More information

PATTERSON ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

PATTERSON ELEMENTARY SCHOOL INITIAL YEAR BUILT 1945 BUILDING AREA 78,300 SF CURRENT PROGRAM CAPACITY 368 ENROLLMENT 2008 463 WARD 8 PROPOSED PROGRAM CAPACITY 500 Site Plan PATTERSON - 1 PROPOSED PROGRAM PROFILE GRADE CONFIGURATION

More information

KHATRI STRUCTURAL AND CIVIL ENGINEERS

KHATRI STRUCTURAL AND CIVIL ENGINEERS TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION TITLE 1.0 INTRODUCTION AND EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 2.0 PROJECT TEAM 3.0 EXPERIENCE AND PROJECTS 4.0 PHOTO CREDITS 2 Page 1.0 INTRODUCTION AND EXECUTIVE SUMMARY We are pleased to introduce

More information

Water Advisory Committee of Orange County June 7, 2013

Water Advisory Committee of Orange County June 7, 2013 Water Advisory Committee of Orange County June 7, 2013 Background System Reliability Diemer Plant Reliability Conveyance and Distribution System Reliability Seismic Vulnerability Study Next Steps Special

More information

Code Requirements for Existing Buildings

Code Requirements for Existing Buildings Code Requirements for Existing Buildings Kevin S. Hastings, P.E., LEED AP R. W. Sullivan, Inc. 529 Main St., Suite 203 Charlestown, MA (617) 523-8227 www.rwsullivan.com R.W. Sullivan Engineering (RWS)

More information

NATIONAL FLOOD INSURANCE PROGRAM (NFIP) SUBSTANTIAL DAMAGE/ SUBSTANTIAL IMPROVEMENT (50% RULE)

NATIONAL FLOOD INSURANCE PROGRAM (NFIP) SUBSTANTIAL DAMAGE/ SUBSTANTIAL IMPROVEMENT (50% RULE) NATIONAL FLOOD INSURANCE PROGRAM (NFIP) SUBSTANTIAL DAMAGE/ SUBSTANTIAL IMPROVEMENT (50% RULE) If your home or business is located within a 100-year floodplain and it was constructed through a County Building

More information

Proper Accounting. Planning for a Successful Audit and the Audit Process. Separately for each project

Proper Accounting. Planning for a Successful Audit and the Audit Process. Separately for each project Proper Accounting Planning for a Successful Audit and the Audit Process Office of Public School Construction NOÉ VALADEZ, SFP Audit Supervisor August 2005 Separately for each project Subsidiary funds Within

More information

Residential Turf Removal Program Application Package

Residential Turf Removal Program Application Package Instructions Residential Turf Removal Program Application Package 1. PROJECTS THAT HAVE BEEN STARTED OR ALREADY COMPLETED PRIOR TO REBATE RESERVATION APPROVAL ARE NOT ELIGIBLE. 2. Read the program terms

More information

Five reasons buildings fail in an earthquake and how to avoid them

Five reasons buildings fail in an earthquake and how to avoid them Five reasons buildings fail in an earthquake and how to avoid them by Jeff White, AIA Published in Healthcare Design magazine There s a saying among seismologists: Earthquakes don t kill people. Buildings

More information

Appendix E REFERENCES AND ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

Appendix E REFERENCES AND ADDITIONAL RESOURCES Appendix E REFERENCES AND ADDITIONAL RESOURCES American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA). 2001. Wood Frame Construction Manual for One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Commentary. AF&PA, Washington, D.C.

More information

SEISMIC CAPACITY OF EXISTING RC SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN OTA CITY, TOKYO, JAPAN

SEISMIC CAPACITY OF EXISTING RC SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN OTA CITY, TOKYO, JAPAN SEISMIC CAPACITY OF EXISTING RC SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN OTA CITY, TOKYO, JAPAN Toshio OHBA, Shigeru TAKADA, Yoshiaki NAKANO, Hideo KIMURA 4, Yoshimasa OWADA 5 And Tsuneo OKADA 6 SUMMARY The 995 Hyogoken-nambu

More information