KNOW YOUR PLANTS! CONTENTS Introduction What to do for a plant poisoning

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1 KNOW YOUR PLANTS! CONTENTS Introduction What to do for a plant poisoning NON-TOXIC PLANTS Non-toxic plant information (including information about using tables to identify plants dangerous to pets) Table 1. Non toxic plant list (alphabetical using common names) Table 2. Non toxic plant list (alphabetical using Latin or scientific names) TOXIC PLANTS Introduction How to use this toxic plant list Toxic plant rating guide What to do for a plant poisoning Table 3. Toxic plant list (alphabetical using common names) Table 4. Toxic plant list (alphabetical using Latin or scientific names) References Introduction Plants are a major cause of poisoning in children under the age of 6 years. Nationally, almost 8 out of 10 plant ingestions occur in young children. But children are not the only victims of plant poisoning adults, pets and farm animals can also be exposed to plants. To prevent accidents, be aware of the potential dangers of plants. The common names of plants can refer to several different species. Some may be safe and some may be dangerous. It is important to know which species you have and to check both the non-toxic plant list as well as the toxic plant list to make sure the plant you have is safe. Each situation is unique. Reactions to plants can depend on factors such as the age and size of the patient, health factors such as allergies and the amount of the exposure. Always call the poison center for up-to-the-minute treatment advice. It is essential to know the names of the plants in your house and in your yard. Keep the name tags that come with new plants attached for future identification. If your child is being cared for at a relative s house or daycare, it is important to know if they have dangerous plants to which your child could be exposed. However, you must have a name of the plant (either the common name or the Latin name) to get the most reliable specific information. Poison center staff cannot identify plants over the phone from the description of the plant. There are over 1000,000 species of plants. A call to the poison center about an unknown plant described as having big

2 shiny green leaves is not enough information to know what the plant is. If you do not know the name of the plant, take the plant or a part of the plant with leaves, berries or flowers to a reputable plant nursery for a positive identification. Try to get the common name and the Latin scientific name. Then call the California Poison Control System at for more help. This is a guide to safe plants but it should not be used as a substitute for calling the poison center if a person or an animal has eaten a plant. The California Poison Control System is available 24 hours a day by calling If you are not in California, call to be connected to your nearest poison control center. WHAT TO DO FOR A PLANT POISONING Do NOT induce vomiting. Remove any plant parts from the mouth or hands. Wash around the mouth and hands and give a few sips of water. Check for any irritation of the skin, mouth or tongue. Call the California Poison Control System at Even if you are not sure, call the poison center for help. It will not be as waste of time. Do not wait for symptoms to appear. Treatment will be more difficult once symptoms have developed. If you are advised to go to the hospital, take the plant or part of the plant with you. NON-TOXIC PLANTS The plants in this list are considered to be safe to humans. This list is in two parts. The first list is alphabetical by common name and the second list is alphabetical by Latin or scientific name. Keep in mind that even non-toxic plants can cause vomiting in humans and animals. Also children can choke on a plant piece and have gagging or choking. Some plants that are not a problem to humans can be a problem for animals. The plant names that are listed in bold typeface are known to be dangerous to animals (dogs and cats). Because dogs, especially, will eat large amounts, it is important to keep pets and these plants apart. Table 1. Nontoxic Plants by Common Name A Common name Latin or scientific name Abelia Abelia spp Abutilon hemp Abutilon theophrasti Acacia Albizia julibrisson Acanthus Acanthus spp

3 African daisy African daisy African iris African violet Aglaonema Air plant Ajuga Albizia Alder, black Alpine goldflower or Alpine sunflower Althea Aluminum plant Alumroot Alyssum Alyssum, sweet American chestnut American olive American sweet gum Amylum Angel wing begonia Angel s tears Anise Anise root Aphelandra Aralia Arbutus Areca palm Aregelia Arrowroot Artillery plant Artist's acanthus Ash, mountain Asparagus fern Asparagus fern Aspen Aspidistra Dimorphotheca pluvialis Gerbera jamesonii Dietes spp Saintpaulia ionantha Aglaonema spp Kalanchoe pinnata Ajuga remota or Ajuga reptans Albizia Viburnum spp Hymenoxys grandiflora Hibiscus spp Pilea cadierei Heuchera sanguinea Alyssum spp Lobularia maritima Castanea spp Osmanthus americanus Liquidambar styraciflua Maranta spp Begonia coccinea Soleirolia soleirolii Myrrhis odorata Osmorhiza longistylis Aphelandra spp Dizygotheca elegantissima Arbutus unedo Chrysalidocarpus lutescens Neoragelia spp Maranta spp Pilea spp Acanthus spp Sorbus spp Asparagus densiflorus cv sprengeri Asparagus setaceus Populus spp Aspidistra spp

4 Aster, annual Aster, giant Astilbe Australian laurel Australian nut Australian umbrella tree Australian umbrella tree B Common name Baby jade Baby sun rose Baby sun rose Baby s breath Baby s tears Baby s tears Baby's toes Bachelor buttons Balloon flower Balloon vine Balm Balsam Balsam tree Bamboo bush Bamboo palm Bamboo, common Basket lily Basket plant or vine Bayberry Bayberry Bead vine Bear s breech Beauty berry Beauty bush Beech, American Begonia cissus Begonia, iron cross Callistephus chinensis Townsendia sericea Astilbe japonica Pittosporum tobira Macadamia spp Brassaia actinophylla Schefflera actinophylla Latin or scientific name Crassula argentea Aptenia cordifolia Mesembryanthemum cordifolium Gypsophila paniculata Hypoestes phyllostachya Soleirolia soleirolii Fenestraria rhapalophylla Centaurea cyanus Platycodon grandiflorus Cardiospermum halicacabum Molucella spp Impatients spp Abies balsamea Nandina domestica Chamaedorea spp Phyllostachys aurea Hermocallis spp Aeschynanthus spp Aeschynanthus spp Myrica pensylvanica Crassula rupestris Acanthus spp Callicarpa spp Kolkwitzia amabilis Fagus spp Cissus spp Begonia goegoensis

5 Bell flower Bellflower Bells of Ireland Bigleaf palm Billbergia Billbergia Birch tree Bird s nest fern Bishop s cap or Bishop's hood Bishop's elder or Bishop's weed Bitter pecan Bitternut Black beech Black-eyed Susan vine Blazing star Bleeding heart Bleeding heart vine Bloodleaf plant Blue bottle Blushing bromeliad Blushing bromeliad Border grass Boston fern Bottle gourd Bottle palm Bottle tree Bottlebrush Brain plant Brassaia Breath of spring Breath-of-heaven Breath-of-heaven Bride s flower Bride's bonnet Bright eyes Brodiaea Bromeliad king Platycodon grandiflorus Campanula spp Moluccella spp Fatsia japonica Aechmea marmorata Quesnelia spp Betula spp Asplenium nidus Astrophytum spp Aegopodium podagraria Carya spp Carya spp Nothofagus spp Thunbergia alata Liatris spp Clerodendrum spp Clerodendrum spp Iresine spp Centaurea cyanus Aregelia spp Neoregelia spp Liriope muscari Nephrolepis spp Lagenaria siceraria Beaucarnea recurvata Brachychiton spp Callistemon spp Calathea makoyana Brassaia actionophylla Lonicera fragrantissima Coleonema ericoides Diosma ericoides Stephanotis floribunda Clintonia uniflora Sinningia speciosa Dichelostemma pulchellum Vriesea hieroglyphica

6 Broom palm Buddleia Bunchberry Burro s tail Busy Lizzy Butterfly bush Butterfly flower Butterfly ginger Butterfly iris Butterfly lily Butterfly palm Butterfly pea Button fern Buttons on a string Buzy Lizzie C Common name Cabbage kale Cabbage tree Cactus (except for thorns) Calathea Calendula California bayberry California bluebell California poppy California wax myrtle Callistemon Camellia Camellia Campanula Campion Campion, moss or mossy Canary date palm Candle plant Candleberry Cane apple Coccothrinax argentea Buddleia davidii Cornus canadensis Sedum morganianum Impatients spp Buddleia davidii Schizanthus spp Hedychium coronarium Spuria spp Hedychium coronarium Chrysalidocarpus lutescens Centrosema virginianum Pellaea rotundifolia Crassula rupestris Impatiens spp Latin or scientific name Brassica oleracea Cordyline australis Cactaceae Calathea spp Calendula officinalis Myrica californica Phacelia sericea Eschscholzia californica Myrica californica Callistemon spp Camellia japonica Thea japonica Campanula spp Silene acaulis Silene acualis Phoenix canariensis Plectranthus oetendahlii Myrica pensylvanica Arbutus unedo

7 Cane palm Canna lily Canterbury bell Canterbury-bell gloxinia Cape honeysuckle Cape jasmine Cape marigold Cape primrose Cardinal flower Cardinal flower Cardinal flower Carob Carob tree Carob tree Carpet bugle Casa blanca lily Cast iron plant Cat tail Catalpa Cathedral bells Cathedral windows Cedar pine Celosia Chain of love Chain plant Checker lily Chenille plant, maroon Chestnut, sweet Chia Chickens and hens or Chicks and hens Chicks and hens China doll China doll China rose Chinese evergreen Chinese hackberry Chinese hibiscus Chrysalidocarpus lutescens Canna generalis Campanula spp Gloxinia perennis Tecomaria capensis Gardenia jasminoides Dimorphotheca pluvialis Streptocarpus spp Gesneria spp Rechsteineria cardinalis Sinningia cardinalis Ceratonia siliqua Ceratonia siliqua Jacaranda procera Ajuga spp Lilium spp Aspidistra elatior Typha latifolia Catalpa spp Cobaeae scandens Calathea makoyana Pinus glabra Celosia spp Antigonon leptopus Tradescantia navicularis Fritillaria spp Echeveria spp Castanea spp Salvia columbariae Echeveria spp Sempervivum tectorum Leea spp Radermachera sinica Hibiscus spp Aglaonema modestum Celtis sinensis Hibiscus spp

8 Chinese holly Chinese tulip tree Chocolate soldier Chokeberry Christmas cactus Christmas dagger fern Christmas flower Christmas kalanchoe Christmas star Cinderella slippers Cinquefoil Clarkia Cleome Clianthus Climbing begonia Cloche Clustered wax flower Cobra lily or Cobra plant Cockscomb Coleus Columbine Column of pearls Common balm Common myrtle Compass flower Cone flower, purple Coneflower Coral beads Coral bells Coral bells Coral berry Coral vine Cordyline Coreopsis Corn lily Cornflower Cornplant Osmanthus heterophyllus Liriodendron chinense Episcia cupreata Aronia spp Schlumbergera bridgesii Polystichum spp Euphorbia pulcherrima Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Euphorbia pulcherrima Sinningia pusilla Potentilla spp Clarkia spp Cleome spp Clianthus spp Cissus discolor Campanula spp Stephanotis floribunda Darlingtonia californica Celosia spp Coleus spp Aquilegia spp Haworthia chalwinii Melissa offinalis Myrtus communis Hymenoxys grandiflora Rudbeckia purpurea Echinacea spp Sedum stahlii Heuchera sanguinea Kalanchoe uniflora Ardisia spp Antigonon leptopus Cordyline spp Coreopsis californica Clintonia borealis Centaurea cyanus Dracaena fragrans

9 Cornstalk plant Cosmos Cottongum tree Cottonwood Coxcomb Crape myrtle or crepe myrtle Crassula Crataegus Creeping charlie Creeping charlie Creeping fig Creeping gloxinia Creeping Jenny or Creeping Joan Creeping nettle Creeping zinnia Crimson cup Crimson cup Crocus, spring blooming ONLY Crossandra Crotolaria Cruel plant Cup and saucer plant Cup-and-saucer vine Curiosity plant Cushion pink D Common name Dagger plant Dahlia Dandelion Daphne, October Day lily Deer's tongue Dipper gourd Dogwood, flowering Donkey s-tail Dracaena fragrans Cosmos spp Nyssa aquatica Populus spp Celosia spp Lagerstroemia indica Crassula spp Crataegus spp Pilea nummulariifolia Plectranthus australis Ficus spp Maurandia spp Lysimachia nummularia Soleirolia soleirolii Sanvitalia spp Aregelia spp Neoregelia spp Crocus spp Crossandra spp Crotolaria ramosissima Cynanchum spp Gilia spp Cobaeae scandens Tolmiea menziesii Silene acualis Latin or scientific name Yucca spp Dahlia spp Taraxacum officinale Sedum sieboldii Hermocallis spp Liatris spp Lagenaria siceraria Cornus florida Sedum morganianum

10 Double rose of china Dracaena Dracaena Dracaena queen Dracaena, blue Dracaena, blue Dracaena, fountain Dracaena, giant Dracaena, giant Dracaena, lance Dracaena, Malaysian Dracaena, striped Dragon lily, painted Dragon tree Dusty miller Dusty miller Dutch crocus, spring blooming ONLY Dwarf palm Dwarf royal palm Dwarf schefflera E Common name Easter flower Easter lily Echeveria Echinacea Elephant s ear Elephant s ear Elephant s ear fern Elephant s foot Elephant's ear Elk's horn Emerald feather or Emerald fern English bluebell English lavender Escallonia Hibiscus spp Cordyline spp Dracaena spp Dracaena goldieana Cordyline spp Dracaena spp Cordyline spp Cordyline spp Dracaena australis Pleomele thaliodes Pleomele reflexa Dracaena deremensis Dracaena fragrans Dracaena draco Lynchnis coronaria Senecio cineraria Crocus spp Chamaedorea elegans Veitchia merrillii Schefflera arboricola Latin or scientific name Euphorbia pulcherrima Lilium longiflorum Echeveria spp Echinacea spp Bergenia cordifolia Enterolobium cyclocarpum Platycerium angolense Dioscorea elephantipes Saxifraga cordifolia Platycerium spp Asparagus densiflorus cv sprengeri Endymion non-scriptus Lavandula spp Escallonia spp

11 Eugenia Eugenia European grape Euryops Evening primrose Evergreen plant Evergreen woodfern Exacum F Common name Fairwell-to-spring Fairy duster False aralia False heather False holly False hop False lily of the valley Fan palm Fan palm Farewell to spring Fatsia Fern, bird s nest Fern, deer's foot Fern, hare Fern, hen and chickens Fern, iron Fern, king and queen Fern, leather Fern, leatherleaf Fern, mother Fern, rabbit s foot Fern, squirrel s foot Ficus Fiddle leaf fig Fiddle leaf rubber plant Fiery spike Eugenia cyanocarpa Syzygium cuminii Vitus vinifera Euryops spp Oenothera spp Radermachera sinica Dryopteris marginalis Exacum affine Latin or scientific name Clarkia amoena Calliandra eriophylla Dizygotheca elegantissima Cuphea hyssopifolia Osmanthus heterophyllus Bellaperone gutta Maianthemum kamtschaticum Coccothrinax alta Livistonia chinesis Clarkia spp Fatsia japonica Asplenium nidus Davallia canariensis Davallia fejeensis Asplenium bulbiferum Rumohra adiantiformis Asplenium spp Rumohra adiantiformis Rumohra adiantiformis Asplenium spp Davallia fejeensis Davallia fejeensis Ficus benjamina Ficus spp Ficus spp Aphelandra spp

12 Fig Fig, climbing Fig, weeping Fingernail plant Fingernail plant Fir tree Fir tree Fire ball plant Fire lily Firebird Firecracker Firecracker flower Firecracker plant Firecracker plant or vine Firethorn (except for thorns) Fireweed Fittonia Flame violet Flaming sword Flamingo plant Flocks Florida beauty Flower of the Nativity Flowering flax Flox Forget-me-not Forsythia Forsythia, white Fort knight lily Fountain dracaena Freckle face Freesia French lavender French mulberry Friendship plant Friendship plant Fritillaria Ficus carica Ficus spp Ficus benjamina Aregelia spp Neoregelia spp Abies spp Pseudotsuga spp Kalanchoe spp Cyrtanthus spp Heliconia spp Gesneria spp Crossandra spp Cuphea spp Manettia bicolor Pyracantha spp Epilobium angustifolium Fittonia spp Episcia reptans Vriesea splendens Hypoestes phyllostachya Phlox spp Dracaena spp Euphorbia pulcherrima Linum grandiflorum Phlox spp Myosotis spp Forsythia spp Abeliophyllum distichum Dietes spp Dracaena australis Hypoestes phyllostachya Freesia spp Lavandula spp Callicarpa americana Billbergia spp Pilea involucrate Fritillaria spp

13 Fruitless mulberry Fuchsia G Common name Gardenia Gazania Geranium Gerbera daisy German violet Ghost plant Giant bird's nest Giant dracaena Ginger lily Ginger, white Glory bush Glory bush Gloxinia Gloxinia Gloxinia, hardy Godetia Godetia Gold bloom Gold dust dracaena Gold dust plant Gold dust plant Golden bells Golden feather palm Golden stars Goldfish plant Good luck leaf Good luck palm Good luck plant Good luck plant Good luck plant Gourd Grape Morus spp Fuchsia spp Latin or scientific name Gardenia jasminoides Gazania spp Pelargonium spp Gerbera jamesonii Exacum affine Sedum weinbergii Pterospora andromedea Dracaena australis Hedychium coronarium Hedychium coronarium Pleroma spp Tibouchina spp Gloxinia perennis Sinningia speciosa Incarvillea spp Clarkia amoena Godetia spp Calendula officinalis Dracaena spp Alyssum spp Aucuba japonica Forsythia spp Chrysalidocarpus lutescens Mammillaria elongata Hypocyrta spp Kalanchoe spp Chamaedorea elegans Cordyline terminalis Dracaena terminalis Kalanchoe daigremontiana Cucurbitaceae spp Vitus vinifera

14 Grape hyacinth Grape, wild Grecian vase Ground elder H Common name Hackberry, common Hare's tail Hawaiian good luck plant Hawaiian good luck plant Hawaiian hibiscus Hawaiian tree fern Hawthorn Heart of flame Heart pea Heart vine Hearts entangled Hearts-on-a-string Heather, Mexican Heavenly bamboo Helmet flower Helmet flower Hemlock tree Hen and chickens fern Hen and chicks Hen and chicks Hens and chickens Heuchera Hibiscus Hickory Hip berries Hollyhock Honesty plant Honey flower Honey plant Muscari spp Vitus californica Aechmea marmorata Aegopodium podagraria Latin or scientific name Celtis spp Lagurus ovatus Cordyline terminalis Dracaena terminalis Hibiscus spp Cibotium spp Crataegus spp Bromelia balansae Cardiospermum halicacabum Ceropegia woodii Ceropegia woodii Ceropegia woodii Cuphea hyssopifolia Nandina domestica Gesneria spp Sinningia cardinalis Tsuga spp (do NOT confuse with toxic Conium or Cicuta species!) Asplenium spp Echeveria spp Sempervivum tectorum Echeveria spp Heuchera sanguinea Hibiscus spp Carya spp Rosa spp (except for Rosa rugose) Althaea rosea Lunaria annua Protea mellifera Hoya spp

15 Honeyberry Honeysuckle Hoop pine Horse s tail Hosta Hoya plant Hyacinth, summer I Common name Ice plant Ice plant Ice plant Icicle plant Impatients Inch plant Inch plant Indian hawthorn Indian kale Indian strawberry Indian tobacco Irish moss Iron plant Italian cypress J Common name Jacaranda tree Jade plant Jade plant/jade tree Jade vine Janet Craig plant Japanese aralia Japanese fatsia Japanese lantern Japanese photina Japanese privet Japanese snowbell Celtis australis Lonicera fragrantissima Araucaria cunninghamii Sedum morganianum Hosta spp Hoya spp Galtonia spp Latin or scientific name Aptenia cordifolia Lampranthus spp Mesembryanthemum cordifolium Carpobrotus spp Impatients spp Callisia spp Zebrina pendula Raphiolepsis indica Zanthosoma lindeni Duchesnea indica Eriogonum umbellatum Soleirolia soleirolii Aspidistra spp Cupressus sempervirens Latin or scientific name Jacaranda procera Portulacaria afra Crassula spp Strongylodon macrobotrys Dracaena deremensis Fatsia japonica Fatsia japonica Hibiscus schizopetalus Photinia glabra Ligustrum japonica Styrax japonica

16 Jasmine Jelly beans Jodetia Johnny jump up (except for seeds) Joshua tree Joshua tree June berry June grass K Common name Kalanchoe Kale Kentucky bluegrass King and queen fern Kohleria L Common name Lace flower vine Lady palm Lady slipper Lady's ear drops Lamb s ears Lamb s tail Lamb's lettuce Lantana, wild Lasiandra Lasiandra Lavender Leather leaf woodfern Lemon balm Leopard lily Liatris Licorice plant Lilac Lily, asiatic Lily, casa blanca Jasminum rex Sedum pachyphyllum Clarkia spp Viola cornuta Sedum multiceps Yucca brevifolia Rubus spp Poa pratensis Latin or scientific name Kalanchoe spp Brassica oleracea Poa pratensis Asplenium spp Kohleria lindeniana Latin or scientific name Episcia dianthiflora Rhapis spp Impatiens spp Fuchsia spp Stachy spp Sedum morganianum Valerianella locusta Abronia fragrans Pleroma spp Tibouchina spp Lavandula officinalis Dryopteris marginalis Melissa offinalis Lachenalia lilacina Liatris spp Helichrysum petiolatum Syringa spp Lilium asiatic Lilium spp

17 Lily, cascade Lily, coral Lily, Easter Lily, filmy Lily, Formosa Lily, Japanese Lily, Japanese showy Lily, Marco Polo Lily, Mariposa Lily, Oriental Lily, Peruvian Lily, regal Lily, spider Lily, stargazer Lily, tiger Lily, torch Lily, western Lily, wood Linden tree Lion's tooth Lipstick plant or vine Liquidambar tree Lithops Live forever Living plant Living rock Living rock Living stone Living stone Living stones Living vase Lobster claw Lobster claws Lobster plant Locust pods London plane tree London pride Lilium spp Lilium spp Lilium longiflorum Hermocallis spp Lilium spp Lilium spp Lilium spp Lilium spp Calochortus spp Lilium spp Hermocallis spp Lilium spp Hermocallis spp Lilium spp Lilium spp Kniphofia spp Lilium spp Lilium spp Tilia americana Taraxacum officinale Aeschynanthus spp Liquidambar styraciflua Lithops spp Sedum telephium Kalanchoe spp Ariocarpus fissuratus Mammillaria fissurata Lithops spp Pleiospilos spp Dinteranthus vanzylii Aechmea spp Heliconia humilis Vriesea carinata Euphorbia pulcherrima Ceratonia siliqua Platanus acerifolia Lychis chalcedonica

18 Love vine Lucky bamboo M Common name Macadamia nut Madagascar dragon tree Madagascar lace plant Madeira vine Madrone Magic flower Magnolia Magnolia bush Mahonia Maid fern Maiden s tears Maidenhair fern Maidenhair vine Mandevilla vine Manzanita Manzanita, woolly Maple tree Maranta Maranta Marble plant Marbled rainbow plant Marigold Mariposa lily Maternity plant Matilija poppy May bush May flowers Merry Christmas Mexican apple Mexican creeper Mexican evening primrose Mexican fan palm Antigonon leptopus Dracaena sanderiana Latin or scientific name Macadamia spp Dracaena marginata Aponogeton senetralis Anredera cordifolia Arbutus menziesil Achimenes spp Magnolia spp Magnolia stellata Mahonia spp Adiantum decorum Silene acaulis Adiantum decorum Muehlenbeckia complexa Mandevilla spp Arbutus spp Arctostaphylos tomentosa Acer spp Calathea spp Maranta spp Lithops spp Billbergia spp Calendula spp Calochortus spp Kalanchoe spp Romneya coulteri Crataegus spp Leucocrinum montanum Begonia rex Casimiroa edulis Antigonon leptopus Oenothera spp Washingtonia spp

19 Mexican firecracker Mexican flame tree or Mexican flameleaf Mexican hat Mexican heather Mexican ivy Mexican love plant Mexican orange Mexican pincushion cactus Mexican rosettes Mexican shrimp plant Mexican shrimp plant Mexican snowball Mexican sunflower Mexican tree fern Mimicry plant Mimosa Miner's lettuce Miracle leaf Mock orange Mock orange Mock plane Mock strawberry Mondo grass Money plant Monkey plant Monkshood Mosquito fern or Mosquito plant Mosquito plant Mosquito plant Moss agate Moss rose Moss, club Mother fern Mother hen and chicks Mother of hundreds Echeveria spp Euphorbia pulcherrima Ratibida columnaris Cuphea hyssopifolia Cobaeae scandens Kalanchoe spp Choisya ternata Mammillaria compressa Echeveria spp Bellaperone gutta Justicia brandegeana Echeveria spp Tithonia spp Cibotium schiedei Pleiospilos spp Albizia julibrissin Montia perfoliata Kalanchoe spp Philadelphus spp Pittosporum tobira Acer pseudoplantanas Duchesnea indica Liriope japonica Lunaria annua Kalanchoe daigremontiana Astrophytum myriostigm, NOT to be confused with Aconitum species Azolla caroliniana Cynanchum spp Pelargonium citrosum Episcia reptans Portulaca grandiflora Lycopodium spp Asplenium spp Echeveria spp Mammillaria compressa

20 Mother of millions Mother of thousands Mother of thousands Mother of thousands Mother-in-law plant Mother-of-pearl plant Mother-of-pearl plant Mountain acanthus Mountain dogwood Mountain gum Mountain ribbonwood Mountain rose Mountain sunflower Mountain sunflower Mulberry tree or bush Mulberry, French Mulberry, fruitless Mullein Mullein Multiplication plant Muscari N Common name Naegelia Nandina bush Nasturtium Neanthebella Necklace vine Necklace vine Nerve plant Night jasmine Norfolk island pine Norfolk pine O Common name Kalanchoe pinnata Kalanchoe pinnata Saxifraga stolonifera Tolmiea menziesii Kalanchoe pinnata (not the Sansevieria spp) Graptopetalum paraguayense Sedum weinbergii Acanthus spp Cornus nuttalii Eucalyptus dalrympleana Hoheria glabrata Antigonon leptopus Hymenoxys grandiflora Rudbergia grandiflora Morus spp Callicarpa americana Morus spp Erysimum spp Verbascum spp Kalanchoe spp Muscari spp Latin or scientific name Smithiantha multiflora Nandina domestica Tropaeolum spp Chamaedorea elegans Crassula rupestris Muehlenbeckia complexa Fittonia spp Nyctanthes arbortristis Araucaria heterophylla Araucaria heterophylla Latin or scientific name

21 October plant Octopus tree Octopus tree Old man of the mountains Olive, wild Orange cup Orchid Orchid Orchid Orchid Orchid ginger Oregon grape or Oregon holly Ornamental cabbage Ornamental kale Ostrich fern P Common name Pacific dogwood Pagoda flower Paint brush Painted cup Painted dragon lily Painted feather Painted lady Painted leaf Palm lily Palm, bigleaf Palm, date (except for thorns) Palm, desert fan Palm, tufted fan Palo verde Pampas grass Panda bear plant Panda plant Pansy (except for seeds) Paper plant Sedum sieboldii Brassaia actinophylla Schefflera actinophylla Hymenoxys grandiflora Halesia spp Lilium spp Cattleya spp Cymbidium spp Epidendrum spp Oncidium spp Alpinia mutica Mahonia aquifolium Brassica oleracea Brassica oleracea Matteuccia struthiopteris Latin or scientific name Cornus nuttalii Clerodendrum spp Castilleja spp Castilleja spp Dracaena fragrans Vriesea carinata Echeveria spp Euphorbia pulcherrima Cordyline australis Fatsia japonica Phoenix spp Washingtonia spp Rhapis spp Cercidium microphyllum Cortaderia selloana Kalanchoe tomentosa Kalanchoe tomentosa Viola tricolor Fatsia japonica

22 Parakeet flower Parlor palm Parrot's flower Patience plant Patient Lucy Peace in the home Peacock plant Peacock plant Pearl plant Peperomia Perfume plant Persian violet Petunia Phlox Photina (except arbutifolia which is toxic) Photinia, Japanese Piggyback plant Pikake Pilea Pincushion flower Pine tree Pink dot Pink polka dot Pink porcelain lily Pink splash plant Pink vine Pipe plant Pitcher plant Pittosporum Plane tree Plantago Plantain Plantain lily Plantain, broad-leaved Plantain, false Plantain, wild Heliconia psittacorum Chamaedorea elegans Heliconia psittacorum Impatients spp Impatiens or Impatients spp Soleirolia soleirolii Calathea makoyana Kaempferia spp Haworthia margaritifera Peperomia spp Matthiola longipetala Exacum affine Petunia spp Phlox spp Photina spp (except arbutifolia) Photinia glabra Tolmiea menziesii Jasminum sambac Pilea spp Scabiosa spp Pinus spp Hypoestes phyllostachya Hypoestes phyllostachya Alpinia nutans Hypoestes phyllostachya Antigonon leptopus Aeschnanthus spp Darlingtonia californica Pittosporum spp Platanus occidentalis Plantago major Musa acuminata Hosta spp Plantago major Heliconia spp Heliconia bihai

23 Plectranthus Plush plant Plush plant Plush vine Poinsettia Poker plant Polka dot plant Pond lily Porcelain flower Portulaca Potentilla Prayer plant Privet, Chinese Privet, glossy Privet, tree Privet, wax-leaf Protea Purple passion vine Purslane Pussy willow Pyracantha (except for thorns) Q Common name Quaking grass, big Queen elkhorn Queen of dracaenas Queen s jewels Queen s tears Queen's spiderwort Queen's umbrella tree Queen's umbrella tree Queensland nut Queensland umbrella tree Quince, common Quince, flowering R Plectranthus oetendahlii Echeveria spp Kalanchoe spp Mikania apiifolia Euphorbia pulcherrima Kniphofia spp Hypoestes phyllostachya Nymphaea odorata Hoya spp Portulaca oleracea Potentilla spp Maranta leuconeura Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Protea spp Gynura aurantiaca Portulaca oleracea Salix discolor Pyracantha spp Latin or scientific name Briza maxima or Briza major Platycerium spp Dracaena goldieana Antigonon leptopus Billbergia spp Tradescantia reginae Brassaia actinophylla Schefflera actinophylla Macademia spp Schefflera actinophylla Cydonia oblonga Chaenomeles spp

24 Common name Rabbit s foot Rabbit s tail grass Raffia Rainbow plant Raphiolepsis Rattan cane Rattlesnake plant Red bud Red gum Red hot poker Resurrection lily Resurrection plant Rex-begonia vine Ribbon plant Ribbon plant Rock rose Rock rose Rocket Rocket Rosary bead plant Rosary plant Rosary vine Rosary vine Rose (except for thorns) Rose of China Rose of Mexico Rose of Sharon Rosehips (berries) Roselle Rubber plant Rubber tree plant Rudbeckia Rudbeckia Rush rose Russian olive Latin or scientific name Maranta leuconeura Lagurus ovatus Raphia farinifera Billbergia spp Raphiolepsis indica Calamus rotang Calathea spp Cercis canadensis Liquidambar styraciflua Kniphofia spp Kaempferia spp Selaginella lepidophylla Cissus discolor Chlorophytum comosum Dracaena sanderiana Cistus spp Oenothera spp Barbarea vulgaris Eruca sativa Ceropegia woodii Crassula rupestris Ceropegia woodii Crassula rupestris Rosa spp (except for Rosa rugose) Hibiscus senensis Oenothera spp Hibiscus syriacus Rosa spp (except for Rosa rugose) Hibiscus sabdariffa Ficus elastica Ficus elastica Echinacea spp Rudbeckia spp Aglianthemum scoparium Elaeagnus spp

25 S Common name Sacred bamboo Safflower Saffron spike Sage Sage tree Sago Sago fern Salvia Sarsaparilla, wild Saucer magnolia Saxifraga Scabiosa Schefflera Schefflera Scorpion weed Scotch thistle Sedum Sego lily Sensitive fern Sensitive plant Shell flower Shell flower Shell ginger Shrimp bush or Shrimp plant Shrimp bush Shrimp plant Silk grass Silk tree Silver bell Silver berry Silver calathea Silver dollar Silver dollar Silver evergreen Latin or scientific name Nandina domestica Carthamus tinctorius Aphelandra spp Salvia spp Vitex spp Raphia farinifera Sphaeropteris medullaris Salvia spp Smilax gluaca Magnolia x soulangiana Saxifraga spp Scabiosa spp Brassaia actinophylla Schefflera spp Phacelia sericea Onopordum acanthium Sedum spp Calochortus spp Onoclea sensibilis Mimosa pudica Alpinia nutans Molucella spp Alpinia nutans Bellaperone gutta Justicia brandegeana Beloperone guttata Oryzopsis hymenoides Albizia julibrissin Halesia spp Elaeagnus spp Calathea argyraea Astrophytum asterias Crassula arborscens Aglaonema spp

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