SALT TOLERANT Trees and Shrubs

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1 SALT TOLRANT Trees and Shrubs The following Trees and Shrubs are selected from Landscape Ontario s Survival Guide for Professionals. Trees highlighted yellow can be found on this site. Trees and Shrubs with High Salt Tolerance Green Ash Shademaster Locust Larch Colorado Spruce Austrian Pine Ornamental Pears Large Toothed Aspen Red Oak Siberian Pea Junipers Honeysuckle Bridlewreath Spirea Snowberry Lilacs Fraxinus americana Gelditsia triacanthos Larix species Picea pungens Pinus nigra Pyrus species Populus grandidentata Quercus rubra Caragana arborescens Juniperus species Lonicera species Spiraea x Vanhouttei Symphoricarpus species Syringa species Trees and Shrubs with Moderate Salt Tolerance Silver Maple Paper Birch Catalpa Norway Spruce Basswood Shrub Maple Boxwood Forsythia Mockorange Firethorn Cranberry Viburnum Acer Saccharinum Betula papyrifera Catalpa species Picea abies Tilia americana Acer ginnala Buxus microphylla Forsythia x intermedia Philadelphus species Pyracantha species Viburnum trilobum

2 Armed with this information we should now be able to better design the gardens near our driveways, streets and public areas where salting is necessary to enable public access in our far to long winters. Trees tolerant of saline soils or Common name Latin name eciduous/vergreen Type of salt tolerance Hedge maple Acer campestre Salt spray 5-8/8-4 Sycamore maple Horsechestnut Acer pseudoplatanus Aesculus hippocastanum Salt spray 4-7/7-1 Salt spray 3-8/8-1 Red buckeye Aesculus pavia Saline soils 5-8/8-4 Paper birch Betula papyrifera Salt spray 2-7/7-1 Gray birch Betula populifolia Salt spray 3-7/7-2 Catalpa Catalpa speciosa Salt spray 4-8/8-1 Hackberry Celtis laevigata Salt spray 5-9/9-3 White fringetree Chionanthus virginicus Saline soils 5-9/9-5 Lavalle hawthorne Japanese cedar Common persimmon White ash uropean ash Crataegus x lavallei Cryptomeria japonica iospyros Fraxinus americana Fraxinus excelsior Salt spray 5-8/8-3 Salt spray 6-9/9-6 Cold hardiness/heat tolerance 7-9/ /9-3 Salt spray 6-9/9-6 Green ash Fraxinus Salt spray 4-9/9-1

3 pennsylvanica Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba Salt spray 5-9/9-2 Honeylocust Kentucky coffeetree Gleditsia triacanthos Gymnocladus dioicus 3-7/7-1 Salt spray 5-9/9-2 American holly Ilex opaca Salt spray 5-9/9-5 Black walnut Juglans nigra 5-9/9-5 astern red cedar Goldenraintree Juniperus Koelreuteria paniculata 3-9/ /8-5 Common larch Larix decidua Salt spray 3-6/6-1 Liquidambar Sweetgum Salt spray 6-9/9-1 styraciflua Southern magnolia 1 Sweetbay magnolia Magnolia grandiflora Magnolia 7-9/9-3 Saline soils 6-9/9-6 Black gum Nyssa sylvatica Salt spray 5-9/9-5 Colorado spruce 2 Picea pungens Salt spray 3-8/8-1 Austrian pine Pinus nigra Salt spray 5-8/8-4 Longleaf pine 1 Pinus palustris Salt spray 7-9/9-3 Japanese black pine Pinus thunbergiana White poplar Populus alba Carolina cherrylaurel 1 Prunus caroliniana 5-8/ /9-1 Saline soils 7-9/9-3 Black cherry Prunus serotina Salt spray 3-8/8-2 White oak Quercus alba Saline soils 5-9/9-5 Bur oak Pin oak Quercus macrocarpa Quercus palustris 3-9/9-1 Saline soils 5-8/8-4 Willow oak Quercus phellos Salt spray 6-9/9-5

4 nglish oak Quercus robur Salt spray 4-8/8-4 Red oak 2 Quercus rubra Saline soils 5-9/9-4 Live oak 1 Black locust Weeping willow Corkscrew willow Japanese pagodatree Japanese tree lilac Baldcypress Chastetree 1 Quercus Robinia pseudoacacia 7-9/ /9-4 Salix alba Salt spray 6-9/9-5 Salix matsudana Salt spray 6-9/9-5 Sophora japonica Syringa reticulata Taxodium distichum Vitex anguscastus Salt spray 6-9/9-6 Saline soil, 6-8/ /12-5 Saline soils 6-9/9-1 A selective list of salt tolerant plants is as follows: eciduous Shrubs: Amelanchier spp. (Serviceberry)(Saskatoon) Aronia spp. (Chokeberry) eciduous Trees: Acer campestre (Hedge Maple) Acer pseudoplatanus (Sycamore Maple) Aesculus hippocastanum (Common Horsechestnut) Caragana arborescens (Siberian Pea Shrub) Ailanthus altissima (Tree-of-Heaven) Cytisus spp. (Broom) Hamamelis spp. (Witch Hazel) Hibiscus syriacus and cvs. (Rose of Sharon) Hippophae rhamnoides (Sea Buckthorn) Hydrangea spp.and cvs. (Hydrangea) Hypericum (most) (St. John's Wort) Betula (Birch) laeagnus angustifolia (Russian Olive) Fraxinus americana (White Ash and cvs.) Fraxinus excelsior (uropean Ash) Fraxinus pennsylvanica (Green Ash)

5 Ilex verticillata (Winterberry) Lonicera tatarica 'Zabelli' (Zabel's Honeysuckle) Lonicera xylosteum (uropean Fly Honeysuckle) Ginkgo biloba (Maidenhair Tree) Gleditsia triacanthos inermis and cvs. (Honey Locust) Gymnocladus dioica (Kentucky Coffee Tree) Magnolia (most) Myrica pennsylvanica (Northern Bayberry) Nyssa sylvatica (Blackgum) Philadelphus spp. and cvs. (Mockorange) Potentilla (Cinquefoil) Rhamnus frangula (Glossy Buckthorn) Rhodotypos scandens (Black Jetbead) Rhus (Sumac) Ribes alpinum (Alpine Currant) Rosa (shrub types) (Shrubby Roses, e.g.. Rosa rugosa) Populus spp. (Poplar) Prunus x cistena (Sand Cherry) Quercus alba (White Oak) Quercus rubra (Red Oak) Robinia pseudoacacia (Black Locust) Salix and cvs. (Willow) Sophora japonica (Japanese Pagoda Tree) Sorbus (Mountain Ash) Shepherdia argentea (Silver Buffalo Berry) Symphoricarpos albus (Snowberry) Tamarix ramosissima (Fivestamen Tamarisk) Viburnum dentatum (Arrowwood) Broadleaf vergreens: Cotoneaster divaricata (Spreading Cotoneaster) Yucca filamentosa (Adam's Needle) Conifers: Larix decidua (uropean Larch) Larix kaempferi (Japanese Larch) Picea glauca (White Spruce) Picea glauca (Colorado Blue pungens Spruce) Pinus banksiana (Jack Pine) Pinus mugho mughus (Mountain Pine) Pinus nigra (Austrian Pine) Groundcovers: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Bearberry) Pinus parviflora (Japanese White Pine) Pinus ponderosa (Ponderosa Pine)

6 rica spp. (Spring Heath) Iberis sempervirens (dging Candytuft) Potentilla (Shrubby Cinquefoil) Pinus thunbergii (Japanese Black Pine) Platycladus orientalis (Oriental Arborvitae) Taxodium distichum (Bald Cypress) Symphoricarpos albus (Snowberry) Vaccinum and cvs. (Blueberry/Cranberry)

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