1 Portland State University Graduate School of Education Counselor Education Preparing professionals to meet our diverse community s life-long educational needs Diversity & Inclusiveness to work in diverse settings to promote inclusive and therapeutic environments Research-Based Practices & Professional Standards to critically analyze and implement research-based practices to demonstrate appropriate professional values, knowledge, and skills Impact on Learning and Development / Personal and Professional Growth to ensure students and clients succeed to influence policy and provide leadership for organizations Evidence-Informed Decision Making to use evidence to solve problems of practice and enhance therapeutic decisions Fall 2007 Coun 589 Action Research in Counseling Wednesdays, 4-6:30 pm Credit: one credit per term, repeatable for up to five credits. Lisa Aasheim, PhD, NCC, ACS (BEST TO REACH BY ) Office Phone: (503) Office Hours: By appointment Accommodation Students needing an accommodation should immediately inform the course instructor. Students are referred to Disability Services ( ) to document their disability and to secure support services when appropriate. Program Policy Statement: The counseling profession requires a high level of personal integrity, self-awareness, and personal maturity. Demonstrating professionalism in classroom behavior, as well as being present and engaged in classroom activities, is expected at all times as a graduate student in Counselor Education. Students are expected to attend all class meetings; however, one absence is not considered excessive. Students whose beliefs, religious practices, or lifestyles may conflict with class attendance from time to time should discuss such issues with the
2 course instructor at the beginning of the term. If possible, arrangements should be made to make up missed attendance-related assignments and experiences. It is up to the student and instructor to negotiate a satisfactory solution with respect to absences. Students and faculty are expected to maintain an atmosphere in which controversial issues, germane to the subject matter, can be examined and discussed. In exercising this freedom of expression, faculty and students are expected to exercise appropriate restraint and show respect for the opinion of others. The Counselor Education program seeks to balance providing care and support, high expectations, and opportunities for participation in meaningful activities. All students are expected to participate in constructing a respectful learning environment in the classroom. Arrive to class on time, stay for the entire class, come back from breaks on time, turn off cell phones, etc. Be mindful of what might detract from the learning experience of students and faculty alike (e.g., talking to fellow students during lecture). All students in the program must demonstrate behavior that is consistent with the Ethical Standards put forth in 2005 by the American Counseling Association: Failure to do so can result in termination from the program. Demonstrating effective ethical and professional conduct is extremely important and will be monitored and reviewed by the faculty throughout your time in the program in order to assess your development as a professional counselor. Formal occasions for feedback in this regard occur following First Year Student Reviews (May of each year) and during Practicum and Internship. Concerns and deficiencies will be brought to your attention and used by faculty in assessing your overall academic/ professional progress in the Program. Deficiencies which are not corrected will be cause for disciplinary action which may include termination from the program. Catalog Description Action Research in Counseling. Designed to enable counselors to conduct action research in counseling settings. Development of an action research project directly related to improving comprehensive counseling programs. Emphasizes developing research projects that address the academic, career, and personal/social success of all students. Course is restricted to counselor education students enrolled in Internship. One credit per term. Essential Professional Practices Addressed in This Course TSPC practices and competencies addressed in this course School counselors are expected to: Develop and implement plans which promote social and emotional development growth Establish programs appropriate for group, individual, and family counseling Practice and promote group process, crisis resolution, anger management and violence prevention
3 Demonstrate ethical standards and legal framework unique to counseling Collaborate with social service agencies providing services to students and families Assist with curriculum coordination as it relates to guidance activities Support and develop plans which respect difference and promote communication among diverse groups Collaborate with school staff, families, and community members to meet individual student needs Assist staff to understand the needs of all students Collaborate with colleagues, staff, parents, and the public to enhance the student's performance Advanced TSPC Competencies Addressed Document an understanding of and ability to apply emerging research on counseling, learning, and school improvement to increase comprehensive counseling program effectiveness Implement research-based educational practices that ensure student achievement and sensitivity to individual differences, diverse cultures, and ethnic backgrounds National Standards for School Counseling Programs addressed in this course School counselors are expected to develop and assess programs in order to enhance: Academic Development Career Development Personal/Social Development CACREP Program standards addressed in this course. Contextual Dimensions of School Counseling school counselors are expected to know: advocacy for all students and for effective school counseling programs; coordination, collaboration, referral, and team-building efforts with teachers, parents, support personnel, and community resources to promote program objectives and facilitate successful student development and achievement of all students; integration of the school counseling program into the total school curriculum by systematically providing information and skills training to assist pre-k-12 student in maximizing their academic, career, and personal/social development; promotion and the use of counseling and guidance activities and programs by the total school community to enhance a positive school climate; methods of planning for and presenting school counseling-related educational programs to administrators, teachers, parents, and the community; methods of planning, developing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluation comprehensive developmental counseling programs; and knowledge of prevention and crisis intervention strategies.
4 Knowledge and Skill Requirements school counselors are expected to demonstrate: use, management, analysis, and presentation of date from school-based information (e.g., standardized testing, grades, enrollment, attendance, retention, placement), surveys, interviews, focus groups, and needs assessments to improve student outcomes; design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of comprehensive developing school counseling programs (e.g., the ASCA National Standards for School Counseling Programs) including an awareness of various systems that affect students, school, and home; implementation and evaluation of specific strategies that meet program goals and objectives; identification of student academic, career, and personal/social competencies and the implementation of processes and activities to assist students in achieving these competencies; use of technology in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of a comprehensive school counseling program. Objectives of Course Students will: 1. Develop an understanding of action research and how to initiate projects related to documenting school counseling outcomes in specific school settings. 2. Develop an understanding of basic research resources at PSU and elsewhere. 3. Write a tentative plan for a project to be implemented during Internship. 4. Complete or turn in timeline for completing necessary forms for Human Subjects waiver for approval if necessary. 5. Discuss the centrality of advocacy in the school counseling profession. 6. Review and discuss the PSU School Counseling Program Mission Statement. 7. maintain ethical professional practice. Required text for fall, winter, and spring terms American School Counselor Association. (2003). The ASCA National Model: A framework for school counseling programs. Alexandria, VA: Author.* American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication manual of the American psychological association (5 th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. Oregon Department of Education. (2003). Oregon s Framework for Comprehensive Guidance and Counseling Programs Pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. Salem, OR: Author. * Portland State University. (2005). PSU Application Guidelines for Research Involving Human Subjects and Application. Recommended Text: Stone, C. B., & Dahir, C. A. (2004). School counselor accountability: A measure of student success. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson. *These texts are assigned in other school counseling core courses. Assignments
5 Participation: Much of our class will be conducted as a professional dialogue and via activities. Your participation and positive engagement are critical. Attend class and participate actively in an evolving dialogue and varied activities. Missing class time will drop your grade by 10%. Guided Independent Learning: A large percentage of this project is done independent of the classroom. This means that you have the responsibility of keeping in close contact with your professor so that you are receiving feedback and mentorship in your research process. You are expected to check in by at least once every 3 weeks throughout this process. Put Action Research in the subject line of your . Action Research or Project Proposal. Conduct a web search, library, community resource search to find resources for developing a site-based school counseling project. Talk to your site-based supervisor about possible projects. The assignment should address an actual site need. Developing a meaningful project with the cooperation of site-based supervisor gives the project ecological validity it fits the cultural context within the school. In the mean time, it is important to know the available resources and think about possibilities as you begin your conversations with your site-based supervisor. 1. Write a 3-4 page action research or project proposal. This assignment may be viewed as the introduction to your project. You will write a more extensive review of the literature during winter term. 2. Use APA format. Half the grade will be based on using APA format. 3. The proposal allows you to introduce your reader to your project and enables you to begin sharing what you plan to do. a. Consider using your Proposal as the introduction to your AR/project. It is possible to view the fall Proposal as the introduction to your final project. b. There are numerous guiding questions: Why are you doing what you are doing? Where are you conducting your research? What possible project could I develop in collaboration with my site supervisor that addresses an important question about student success, needs, or program development? How can the project inform or improve the school counseling program, student outcomes or what I am doing professionally? 4. State how your action research might be useful to teachers, counselors, parents, and others. Due by on or before November 23 rd ; Put Action Research Proposal in the subject line Human Subjects Review your text and protocols regarding human subjects. Consult about completing the forms necessary for Human Subjects approval at PSU. Also, see text web site for the PSU guidelines. Consult with your site school counselor supervisor and complete Human Subjects approval forms and necessary school and district human subjects approval. Complete
6 this before you begin your intervention. If you are not ready to submit your HS forms by the end of the term, write a one page action plan and timeline describing what you plan to do to meet the HS requirement. Due December 3rd (turn in to Lisa Aasheim s mailbox by Dec 3 rd ) Professional Practice Portfolio Purchase a 3-5 inch three-ring binder. Create sections where you will document the 14 TSPC competencies for the Initial School Counselor License. The PPP is due in May 2007 Lauren Ray, Reference Librarian Branford P. Millar Library, Portland State University Room Evaluation Participation/ 30 Action Research or Project Proposal 50 Human Subjects Approval Forms 20 total 100 Date Topic Expectations September 26 October 3 October November Syllabus Internship Overview PPP Overview AR Proposal Human Subjects Review Independent Literature Reviews & Proposal Development Solidify Proposals & Human Subjects Forms Read Action Research Chapters (provided in class) Start developing AR Proposal November 23rd No formal class, instructor will be available by appointment to me meet with students who need individual assistance. This must be pre-arranged. Proposal Due Human Subjects Forms Due
7 Note: You may NOT start any Action Research Projects until your Human Subjects Form has been approved & you have received an approval letter. Beginning a project in advance is a violation of research ethics & will result in a No Pass. Recommended Readings in Action Research for School Counselors American School Counselor Association. (2003). The ASCA National Model: A framework for school counseling programs. Alexandria, VA: Author. Cox, J. (1996). Your opinion please: How to build the best questionnaires in the field of education. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. Foster, L. H., Watson, T. S., Meeks, C., & Young, J. S. (2002). Single-subject research design for school counselors. Professional School Counseling, 62, Johnson, S., Johnson, C., & Downs, L. (2006). Building a results-based student support program. Boston: Lahaska Press. Lundervold, D. A., & Belwood, M. F. (2000). The best kept secret in counseling: Single-case (N=1) experimental designs. Journal of Counseling and Development, 78, Lusky, M. B., & Hayes, R. L. (2001). Collaborative consultation and program evaluation. Journal of Counseling and Development, 79, Reason, P., & Bradbury, H. (2000). Handbook of action research: Participative inquiry and practice. London: Sage Publications. Whiston, S. C. (1996). Accountability through action research: Research methods for practitioners. Journal of Counseling and Development, 74, Whiston, S., & Sexton, T. (1998). A review of school counseling outcome research: Implications for practice. Journal of Counseling and Development, 76, Optional readings regarding data, programs, research Johnson, R. (1997). Setting our sights: Measuring equity in school change. Los Angeles: Achievement Council. Borders, L. D., & Drury, S. M. (1992). Counseling programs: A guide to evaluation. Newbury Park, CA: Corwin Press. Thompson, R. A. (2002). School counseling: Best practices for working in the schools (2nd ed.). New York: Brunner-Routledge.
8 Useful Web Sites Center for Action Research in Professional Practice (CARPP) National Center for Education Statistics National Center for School Counseling Outcome Research The Early warning timely response: A guide to safe schools is found at The Public Conversations Project web page at: WestEd website You can access a resiliency measure. 1) Click on the Healthy Kids Resilience Module Report. Read on screen or make own copy. 2) Click on Survey/Questionnaire. There are different versions of the California Healthy Kids Survey. Web Project Peer Review The work of school counseling specialization students is posted on a the PSU School Counseling web page in order to create a local knowledge that highlights the contribution of professionals exiting our program. To meet this goal, candidates submit a project to be posted on the PSU Counselor Education, School Counseling Specialization website. One benefit is that the contribution may be listed as an on-line publication on students resumes. Our goal is to educate participatory leaders who will redefine the profession, develop local knowledge, and add to existing knowledge about what works and does not work in school counseling. To meet that goal, it is important to ask current students to provide honest comments about the quality of the work being posted. The web project peer review provides current students with a rubric that will enable them to read and assess ten projects that they find on the Counseling in Action web page ( Using the rubric found on the final page of this handout, please take the time to review the projects, provide a numerical score, and write 2-3 sentences that support your assessment. Author Score
9 Author Score Author Score Author Score
10 Author Score Author Score Author Score
11 Comments regarding the work and suggestions for helping candidates improve the quality of what they submit. Portland State University Professional Practice Rubric 4 Exemplary. Evidence indicates exemplary counselor-in-training action research or project. Evidence indicates counselor-in-training excels in providing action research or other project related to the usual and customary work of a professional school counselor. Evidence includes contextual application of theory. There is strong evidence that theory, knowledge, and skills have been applied in a field setting that directly impacts the school counseling program, success of students, and the overall quality of the educational experience within the school. Claims regarding outcomes are well-tempered and limitations are clearly explained. The writing style is professional and the product could guide the work of other professionals who want to build upon what was learned. Exemplary writing style and grammar. Cover page lists peer reviewers, author, title of project, and date. 3 Competent. Evidence indicates acceptable counselor-in-training action research or project. Evidence indicates counselor-in-training fulfills requirement to complete action research or other project related to the usual and customary work of a professional school counselor. Evidence includes contextual application of theory. There is evidence that theory, knowledge, and skills have been applied in a field setting that directly impacts the school counseling program, success of students, and the overall quality of the educational experience within the school. Claims regarding outcomes are well-tempered and limitations are explained. The writing style is professional and the product could guide the work of other professionals who want to build upon what was learned. Competent writing style and grammar. Cover page lists peer reviewers, author, title of project, and date. 2 Emerging. Evidence indicates adequate counselor-in-training action research or project. Evidence indicates counselor-in-training fulfills the minimum requirement to complete action research or other project related to the usual and customary work of a professional school counselor. Evidence lacks an understanding of the contextual application of theory. There is limited evidence that theory, knowledge, and skills have been applied in a field setting that directly impacts the school counseling program, success of students, and the
12 overall quality of the educational experience within the school. Claims regarding outcomes are and limitations are explained. The writing style is marginal for a professional and the product might be of some use to other professionals who want to build upon what was learned. Inconsistent writing style and grammar. Cover page lists peer reviewers, author, title of project, and date. 1 Ineffective. Evidence is below minimally acceptable action research or project. Evidence presented is inadequate to indicate counselor-in-training can fulfill the project requirement. There is not evidence the theory, knowledge, and skills have been applied contextually in a field setting. Claims regarding outcomes are not supported. The project does not inform the usual and customary work of a professional school counselor. Inconsistent writing style and grammar. Cover page lists peer reviewers, author, title of project, and date. Does the student really want to post this work with their name on a web page? 0 Not Evident. No evidence indicates counselor-in-training has knowledge or skills to fulfill this TSPC Competency. There is no basis or inadequate materials for judgment. Posting Work on the School Counseling in Action Web Page: Pointers, Intern Projects and Research, Continuing Licensure, and Doctoral Projects Getting your project posted on the School Counseling Web Page (http://www.ed.pdx.edu/coun/schcoun.html) 1. Guidelines for posting work: Pointers, Intern Projects and Research, Continuing Licensure, and Doctoral Projects Make sure you do not use copyrighted materials Do not use names of students or your school Once the work is posted, it s out there for the cyberworld to see Have the names of three peer reviews placed at top of page Make sure your name(s) and the date are at the top of the page 2. Submitting your work Type of file. Save your work in Word, HTML, or Adobe Acrobat. Word and HTML documents are doc Adobe Acrobat is pdf Naming how your work is saved. Type in your last name with no spaces. Work saved in Word would be submitted as: name.doc or lewis.doc Submit saved work (Pointers, Intern Projects and Research, Continuing Licensure, and Doctoral Projects) to Dr. Lewis on floppy disk with your assignments. Dr. David Bullock will have a graduate assistant post the work on the website described below. Make sure your floppy has your name, address, and the name of what is saved.
13 Accessing the Pointers, Intern Projects and Research, Continuing Licensure, and Doctoral Projects Find the Counselor Education web page via the GSE web page School Counseling Program describes the program Go to School Counseling in Action (http://www.ed.pdx.edu/coun/sca.htm) School Counseling in Action has sections for Pointers, Intern Projects and Research, Continuing Licensure, and Doctoral Projects Work is posted according to school year beginning September, i.e. 2004, 2005 Lewis & Bullock, 6/2003 Disk Submission Form School Counseling Web Page Please Circle One: Pointers Intern Projects and Research Continuing Licensure Doctoral Projects Year: 2007 Title: Author(s): Peer Reviewers (the peer reviewers names do not have to appear on the document): Check all spelling before submitting
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