Computing Liquidity Ratios Current Ratio = CA / CL 708 / 540 = 1.31 times Quick Ratio = (CA Inventory) / CL ( ) / 540 =.53 times Cash Ratio =

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Computing Liquidity Ratios Current Ratio = CA / CL 708 / 540 = 1.31 times Quick Ratio = (CA Inventory) / CL (708 422) / 540 =.53 times Cash Ratio ="

Transcription

1 1

2 Computing Liquidity Ratios Current Ratio = CA / CL 708 / 540 = 1.31 times Quick Ratio = (CA Inventory) / CL ( ) / 540 =.53 times Cash Ratio = Cash / CL 98 / 540 =.18 times 2

3 Computing Leverage Ratios Total Debt Ratio = (TA TE) / TA ( ) / 3588 = 28% Debt/Equity = TD / TE ( ) / 2591 = 38.5% Equity Multiplier = TA / TE = 1 + D/E =

4 4

5 5

6 Computing Coverage Ratios Times Interest Earned = EBIT / Interest 691 / 141 = 4.9 times Cash Coverage = (EBIT + Depreciation) / Interest ( ) / 141 = 6.9 times 6

7 Computing Inventory Ratios Inventory Turnover = Cost of Goods Sold / Inventory 1344 / 422 = 3.2 times Days Sales in Inventory = 365 / Inventory Turnover 365 / 3.2 = 114 days 7

8 Computing Receivables Ratios Receivables Turnover = Sales / Accounts Receivable 2311 / 188 = 12.3 times Days Sales in Receivables = 365 / Receivables Turnover 365 / 12.3 = 30 days 8

9 Computing Total Asset Turnover Total Asset Turnover = Sales / Total Assets 2311 / 3588 =.64 times It is not unusual for TAT < 1, especially if a firm has a large amount of fixed assets. 9

10 Computing Profitability Measures Profit Margin = Net Income / Sales 363 / 2311 = 15.7% Return on Assets (ROA) = Net Income / Total Assets 363 / 3588 = 10.1% Return on Equity (ROE) = Net Income / Total Equity 363 / 2591 = 14.0% 10

11 Computing Market Value Measures Market Price = $88 per share Shares outstanding = 33 million PE Ratio = Price per share / Earnings per share 88 / 11 = 8 times Market to book ratio = market value per share / book value per share 88 / (2591 / 33) = 1.12 times 11

12 ROE = NI / TE 3.3 The Du Pont Identity 12

13 3.5 Long Term Financial Planning Investment in new assets determined by capital budgeting decisions Degree of financial leverage determined by capital structure decisions Cash paid to shareholders determined by dividend policy decisions Liquidity requirements determined by net working capital decisions Financial Planning Ingredients Sales Forecast many cash flows depend directly on the level of sales (often estimate sales growth rate) Pro Forma Statements setting up the plan as projected (pro forma) financial statements allows for consistency and ease of interpretation Asset Requirements the additional assets that will be required to meet sales projections Financial Requirements the amount of financing needed to pay for the required assets Plug Variable determined by management decisions about what type of financing will be used (makes the balance sheet balance) Economic Assumptions explicit assumptions about the coming economic environment 13

14 Percent of Sales Approach Some items vary directly with sales, others do not. Income Statement Costs may vary directly with sales if this is the case, then the profit margin is constant Depreciation and interest expense may not vary directly with sales if this is the case, then the profit margin is not constant Dividends are a management decision and generally do not vary directly with sales this affects additions to retained earnings Percent of Sales Approach Balance Sheet Initially assume all assets, including fixed, vary directly with sales. Accounts payable also normally vary directly with sales. Notes payable, long term debt, and equity generally do not vary with sales because they depend on management decisions about capital structure. The change in the retained earnings portion of equity will come from the dividend decision. External Financing Needed (EFN) The difference between the forecasted increase in assets and the forecasted increase in liabilities and equity 14

15 15

16 16

17 3.6 External Financing and Growth At low growth levels, internal financing (retained earnings) may exceed the required investment in assets. As the growth rate increases, the internal financing will not be enough, and the firm will have to go to the capital markets for financing. Examining the relationship between growth and external financing required is a useful tool in long range planning. The Internal Growth Rate The internal growth rate tells us how much the firm can grow assets using retained earnings as the only source of financing. Using the information from the Hoffman Co. ROA = 66 / 500 =.132 b = 44/ 66 = The Sustainable Growth Rate The sustainable growth rate tells us how much the firm can grow by using internally generated funds and issuing debt to maintain a constant debt ratio. Using the Hoffman Co. ROE = 66 / 250 =.264 b =.667 Determinants of Growth Profit margin operating efficiency Total asset turnover asset use efficiency Financial leverage choice of optimal debt ratio 17

18 Jessica s Boutique has cash of $50, accounts receivable of $60, accounts payable of $200, and inventory of $150. What is the value of the quick ratio? A firm has a debt equity ratio of.40. What is the total debt ratio? A firm has total debt of $1,200 and a debt equity ratio of.30. What is the value of the total assets? A firm has sales of $3,600, costs of $2,800, interest paid of $100, and depreciation of $400. The tax rate is 34%. What is the value of the cash coverage ratio? Rosita s Resources paid $250 in interest and $130 in dividends last year. The times interest earned ratio is 3.8 and the depreciation expense is $60. What is the value of the cash coverage ratio? Mario s Home Systems has sales of $2,800, costs of goods sold of $2,100, inventory of $500, and accounts receivable of $400. How many days, on average, does it take Mario s to sell its inventory? Syed s Industries has accounts receivable of $700, inventory of $1,200, sales of $4,200, and cost of goods sold of $3,400. How long does it take Syed s to both sell its inventory and then collect the payment on the sale? 18

19 Lee Sun s has sales of $3,000, total assets of $2,500, and a profit margin of 5%. The firm has a total debt ratio of 40%. What is the return on equity? Jupiter Explorers has $6,400 in sales. The profit margin is 4%. There are 6,400 shares of stock outstanding. The market price per share is $1.20. What is the price earnings ratio? Patti s has net income of $1,800, a price earnings ratio of 12, and earnings per share of $1.20. How many shares of stock are outstanding? A firm has 5,000 shares of stock outstanding, sales of $6,000, net income of $800, a price earnings ratio of 10, and a book value per share of $.50. What is the market to book ratio? Frederico s has a profit margin of 6%, a return on assets of 8%, and an equity multiplier of 1.4. What is the return on equity? 19

20 20

21 21

Chapter 3 Financial Statements Analysis and Long-Term Planning

Chapter 3 Financial Statements Analysis and Long-Term Planning University of Science and Technology Beijing Dongling School of Economics and management Chapter 3 Financial Statements Analysis and Long-Term Planning Sep. 2012 Dr. Xiao Ming USTB 1 Key Concepts and Skills

More information

FNCE 3010 (Durham). HW2 (Financial ratios)

FNCE 3010 (Durham). HW2 (Financial ratios) FNCE 3010 (Durham). HW2 (Financial ratios) 1. What effect would the following actions have on a firms net working capital and current ratio (assume NWC is positive and current ratio is initially greater

More information

Key Concepts and Skills. Standardized Financial. Chapter Outline. Ratio Analysis. Categories of Financial Ratios 1-1. Chapter 3

Key Concepts and Skills. Standardized Financial. Chapter Outline. Ratio Analysis. Categories of Financial Ratios 1-1. Chapter 3 Key Concepts and Skills Chapter 3 Working With Financial Statements Know how to standardize financial statements for comparison purposes Know how to compute and interpret important financial ratios Know

More information

CHAPTER 3 LONG-TERM FINANCIAL PLANNING AND GROWTH

CHAPTER 3 LONG-TERM FINANCIAL PLANNING AND GROWTH CHAPTER 3 LONG-TERM FINANCIAL PLANNING AND GROWTH Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 5. The sustainable growth rate is greater than 20 percent, because at a 20 percent growth rate

More information

Chapter 17: Financial Statement Analysis

Chapter 17: Financial Statement Analysis FIN 301 Class Notes Chapter 17: Financial Statement Analysis INTRODUCTION Financial ratio: is a relationship between different accounting items that tells something about the firm s activities. Purpose

More information

CHAPTER 3 LONG-TERM FINANCIAL PLANNING AND GROWTH

CHAPTER 3 LONG-TERM FINANCIAL PLANNING AND GROWTH CHAPTER 3 LONG-TERM FINANCIAL PLANNING AND GROWTH Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. Time trend analysis gives a picture of changes in the company s financial situation over

More information

CHAPTER 2 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND CASH FLOW

CHAPTER 2 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND CASH FLOW CHAPTER 2 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND CASH FLOW Solutions to Questions and Problems NOTE: All end-of-chapter problems were solved using a spreadsheet. Many problems require multiple steps. Due to space and

More information

CHAPTER 2 INTRODUCTION TO CORPORATE FINANCE

CHAPTER 2 INTRODUCTION TO CORPORATE FINANCE CHAPTER 2 INTRODUCTION TO CORPORATE FINANCE Solutions to Questions and Problems NOTE: All end of chapter problems were solved using a spreadsheet. Many problems require multiple steps. Due to space and

More information

Income Measurement and Profitability Analysis

Income Measurement and Profitability Analysis PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS The following financial statements for Spencer Company will be used to demonstrate the calculation of the various ratios in profitability analysis. Spencer Company Comparative Balance

More information

MBAP 6061 Managerial Finance Exam 1 Thursday, September 30, 2010. Dr. William A. Dowling

MBAP 6061 Managerial Finance Exam 1 Thursday, September 30, 2010. Dr. William A. Dowling MBAP 6061 Managerial Finance Exam 1 Thursday, September 30, 2010 Dr. William A. Dowling Name You are to provide answers to the following questions. 1. What advantages does the corporate form of organization

More information

Long-term Financial Planning

Long-term Financial Planning Long-term Financial Planning What is Financial Planning? Formulates the way financial goals are to be achieved. Requires that decisions be made about an uncertain future. Recall that the goal of the firm

More information

Chapter 3 Analyzing Financial Statement

Chapter 3 Analyzing Financial Statement Chapter 3 Analyzing Financial Statement Five major areas to analyze. (1) Liquidity Position (2) Management of Assets (3) Management of Debt (4) Company's Profitability (5) Market's View of Company (1)

More information

Financial Planning for East Coast Yachts

Financial Planning for East Coast Yachts Financial Planning for East Coast Yachts Prepared for East Coast Yachts Prepared by Dan Ervin, Mary-Ann Lawrence, Kevin Klepacki, Katie Wilson, Andrew Wright January 1, 2010 Table of Contents iii Table

More information

The following information is available on Toy Inc. There are 100 shares outstanding, each selling for $25

The following information is available on Toy Inc. There are 100 shares outstanding, each selling for $25 The following information is available on Toy Inc. There are 100 shares outstanding, each selling for $25 Corporate tax 34.00% Interest rate 4.25% Retention ratio 65.00% Case A. Toy Inc. Zero growth in

More information

Chapter 4. Long-Term Financial Planning and Growth. Overview of the Lecture. September 2004. What Is Financial Planning. Financial Planning Models

Chapter 4. Long-Term Financial Planning and Growth. Overview of the Lecture. September 2004. What Is Financial Planning. Financial Planning Models Chapter 4 Long-Term Financial Planning and Growth September 2004 Overview of the Lecture What Is Financial Planning Financial Planning Models The Percentage of Sales Approach xternal Financing and Growth

More information

Chapter 1 Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis

Chapter 1 Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis Chapter 1 Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Which of the following items can be found on an income statement? a. Accounts receivable b. Long-term debt c. Sales d. Inventory

More information

Chapter 9 Solutions to Problems

Chapter 9 Solutions to Problems Chapter 9 Solutions to Problems 1. a. Cash and cash equivalents are cash in hand and in banks, plus money market securities with maturities of 90 days or less. Accounts receivable are claims on customers

More information

CHAPTER 2 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, TAXES AND CASH FLOW

CHAPTER 2 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, TAXES AND CASH FLOW CHAPTER 2 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, TAXES AND CASH FLOW Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. Liquidity measures how quickly and easily an asset can be converted to cash without significant

More information

Investment Analysis (FIN 383) Fall Homework 9

Investment Analysis (FIN 383) Fall Homework 9 Investment Analysis (FIN 383) Fall 2009 Homework 9 Instructions: please read carefully You should show your work how to get the answer for each calculation question to get full credit The due date is Tue

More information

Finance Master. Winter 2015/16. Jprof. Narly Dwarkasing University of Bonn, IFS

Finance Master. Winter 2015/16. Jprof. Narly Dwarkasing University of Bonn, IFS Finance Master Winter 2015/16 Jprof. Narly Dwarkasing University of Bonn, IFS Chapter 2 Outline 2.1 Firms Disclosure of Financial Information 2.2 The Balance Sheet 2.3 The Income Statement 2.4 The Statement

More information

NWC = current assets - current liabilities = 2,100

NWC = current assets - current liabilities = 2,100 Questions and Problems Chapters 2,3 pp45-47 1. Building a balance sheet. Penguin Pucks, Inc., has current assets of $3,000, net fixed assets $6,000, current liabilities of $900, and long-term debt of $5,000.

More information

Chapters 3 and 13 Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis

Chapters 3 and 13 Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis Chapters 3 and 13 Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis Balance Sheet Assets Cash Inventory Accounts Receivable Property Plant Equipment Total Assets Liabilities and Shareholder s Equity Accounts

More information

1) In words, an equity multiplier of 2 means that for every $1:

1) In words, an equity multiplier of 2 means that for every $1: Questions in [New Questions] 1) In words, an equity multiplier of 2 means that for every $1: [A] of debt, a firm has $2 in equity. [B] in equity, a firm has $2 in debt. [C] in assets, a firm has $2 in

More information

Ratio Analysis. A) Liquidity Ratio : - 1) Current ratio = Current asset Current Liability

Ratio Analysis. A) Liquidity Ratio : - 1) Current ratio = Current asset Current Liability A) Liquidity Ratio : - Ratio Analysis 1) Current ratio = Current asset Current Liability 2) Quick ratio or Acid Test ratio = Quick Asset Quick liability Quick Asset = Current Asset Stock Quick Liability

More information

Chapter 2 Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis

Chapter 2 Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis Chapter 2 Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Which of the following items can be found on an income statement? a. Accounts receivable b. Long-term debt c. Sales d. Inventory

More information

TYPES OF FINANCIAL RATIOS

TYPES OF FINANCIAL RATIOS TYPES OF FINANCIAL RATIOS In the previous articles we discussed how to invest in the stock market and unit trusts. When investing in the stock market an investor should have a clear understanding about

More information

Financial Forecasting (Pro Forma Financial Statements)

Financial Forecasting (Pro Forma Financial Statements) Financial Modeling Templates Financial Forecasting (Pro Forma Financial Statements) http://spreadsheetml.com/finance/financialplanningforecasting_proformafinancialstatements.shtml Copyright (c) 2009, ConnectCode

More information

What Do Short-Term Liquidity Ratios Measure? What Is Working Capital? How Is the Current Ratio Calculated? How Is the Quick Ratio Calculated?

What Do Short-Term Liquidity Ratios Measure? What Is Working Capital? How Is the Current Ratio Calculated? How Is the Quick Ratio Calculated? What Do Short-Term Liquidity Ratios Measure? What Is Working Capital? HOCK international - 2004 1 HOCK international - 2004 2 How Is the Current Ratio Calculated? How Is the Quick Ratio Calculated? HOCK

More information

FSA Note: Summary of Financial Ratio Calculations

FSA Note: Summary of Financial Ratio Calculations FSA Note: Summary of Financial Ratio Calculations This note contains a summary of the more common financial statement ratios. A few points should be noted: Calculations vary in practice; consistency and

More information

14. Calculating Total Cash Flows.

14. Calculating Total Cash Flows. 14. Calculating Total Cash Flows. Greene Co. shows the following information on its 2008 income statement: Sales = $138,000 Costs = $71,500 Other expenses = $4,100 Depreciation expense = $10,100 Interest

More information

Financial ratios can be classified according to the information they provide. The following types of ratios frequently are used:

Financial ratios can be classified according to the information they provide. The following types of ratios frequently are used: Financial Ratios Financial ratios are useful indicators of a firm's performance and financial situation. Most ratios can be calculated from information provided by the financial statements. Financial ratios

More information

Liquidity analysis: Length of cash cycle

Liquidity analysis: Length of cash cycle 2. Liquidity analysis: Length of cash cycle Operating cycle of a merchandising firm: number of days it takes to sell inventory + number of days until the resulting receivables are converted to cash Acquisition

More information

Total shares at the end of ten years is 100*(1+5%) 10 =162.9.

Total shares at the end of ten years is 100*(1+5%) 10 =162.9. FCS5510 Sample Homework Problems Unit04 CHAPTER 8 STOCK PROBLEMS 1. An investor buys 100 shares if a $40 stock that pays a annual cash dividend of $2 a share (a 5% dividend yield) and signs up for the

More information

Using Financial Ratios: Interested Parties

Using Financial Ratios: Interested Parties Using Financial Ratios: Interested Parties Ratio analysis involves methods of calculating and interpreting financial ratios to assess a firm s financial condition and performance. It is of interest to

More information

9901_1. A. 74.19 days B. 151.21 days C. 138.46 days D. 121.07 days E. 84.76 days

9901_1. A. 74.19 days B. 151.21 days C. 138.46 days D. 121.07 days E. 84.76 days 1. A stakeholder is: 9901_1 Student: A. a creditor to whom a firm currently owes money. B. any person who has voting rights based on stock ownership of a corporation. C. any person or entity other than

More information

Financial Planning and Growth. Background

Financial Planning and Growth. Background Financial Planning and Growth (Text reference: Chapter 26) background detailed examples factors affecting growth AFM 271 - Financial Planning and Growth Slide 1 Background financial planning may be thought

More information

Financial Ratios and Quality Indicators

Financial Ratios and Quality Indicators Financial Ratios and Quality Indicators From U.S. Small Business Administration Online Women's Business Center If you monitor the ratios on a regular basis you'll gain insight into how effectively you

More information

6. Financial Planning. Break-even. Operating and Financial Leverage.

6. Financial Planning. Break-even. Operating and Financial Leverage. 6. Financial Planning. Break-even. Operating and Financial Leverage. Financial planning primarily involves anticipating the impact of operating, investment and financial decisions on the firm s future

More information

Chapter Financial Forecasting

Chapter Financial Forecasting Chapter Financial Forecasting PPT 4-2 Chapter 4 - Outline What is Financial Forecasting? 3 Financial Statements for Forecasting Constructing Pro Forma Statements Basis for Sales Projections Steps in a

More information

Topics Covered. Objectives. Chapter 18 Financial Planning

Topics Covered. Objectives. Chapter 18 Financial Planning Chapter 18 Financial Planning Topics Covered What is Financial Planning? Financial Planning Models Planners Beware External Financing and Growth Objectives Forecast Financial Statements with the Percentage

More information

ICAP GROUP S.A. FINANCIAL RATIOS EXPLANATION

ICAP GROUP S.A. FINANCIAL RATIOS EXPLANATION ICAP GROUP S.A. FINANCIAL RATIOS EXPLANATION OCTOBER 2006 Table of Contents 1. INTRODUCTION... 3 2. FINANCIAL RATIOS FOR COMPANIES (INDUSTRY - COMMERCE - SERVICES) 4 2.1 Profitability Ratios...4 2.2 Viability

More information

MBA Finance Part-Time Financial Statement Analysis and Cash Flows

MBA Finance Part-Time Financial Statement Analysis and Cash Flows MBA Finance Part-Time Financial Statement Analysis and Cash Flows Professor Hugues Pirotte Spéder 1 1 Levers of Performance Return on Equity Return on Invested Capital Leverage Profit Margin Asset Turnover

More information

1. Operating, Investment and Financial Cash Flows

1. Operating, Investment and Financial Cash Flows 1. Operating, Investment and Financial Cash Flows Solutions Problem 1 During 2005, Myears Oil Co. had gross sales of $1 000,000, cost of goods sold of $400,000, and general and selling expenses of $300,000.

More information

Ratio Analysis CBDC, NB. Presented by ACSBE. February, 2008. Copyright 2007 ACSBE. All Rights Reserved.

Ratio Analysis CBDC, NB. Presented by ACSBE. February, 2008. Copyright 2007 ACSBE. All Rights Reserved. Ratio Analysis CBDC, NB February, 2008 Presented by ACSBE Financial Analysis What is Financial Analysis? What Can Financial Ratios Tell? 7 Categories of Financial Ratios Significance of Using Ratios Industry

More information

Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis

Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis Chapter 2 Financial Statement and Cash Flow Analysis Answers to Concept Review Questions 1. What role do the FASB and SEC play with regard to GAAP? The FASB is a nongovernmental, professional standards

More information

Chapter-3 C FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS. BSNL, India For Internal Circulation Only 1

Chapter-3 C FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS. BSNL, India For Internal Circulation Only 1 Chapter-3 C FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS BSNL, India For Internal Circulation Only 1 RATIO ANALYSIS FINANCIAL ANALYSIS is the process of identifying the financial strengths and weakness of the firm by properly

More information

11. Long term financial planning and growth (part 2)

11. Long term financial planning and growth (part 2) 1 11. Long term financial planning and growth (part 2) In these slides, we go into more detail on long-term planning. Topics include: Partial capacity and lumpy investment in fixed assets Interest and

More information

2-8. Identify whether each of the following items increases or decreases cash flow:

2-8. Identify whether each of the following items increases or decreases cash flow: Problems 2-8. Identify whether each of the following items increases or decreases cash flow: Increase in accounts receivable Increase in notes payable Depreciation expense Increase in investments Decrease

More information

Discussion Board Articles Ratio Analysis

Discussion Board Articles Ratio Analysis Excellence in Financial Management Discussion Board Articles Ratio Analysis Written by: Matt H. Evans, CPA, CMA, CFM All articles can be viewed on the internet at www.exinfm.com/board Ratio Analysis Cash

More information

Chapter 12 Financial Planning and Forecasting Financial Statements ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS

Chapter 12 Financial Planning and Forecasting Financial Statements ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS Chapter 12 Financial Planning and Forecasting Financial Statements ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS 12-1 a. The operating plan provides detailed implementation guidance designed to accomplish corporate

More information

Ratio Analysis: Liquidity, Activity & Coverage

Ratio Analysis: Liquidity, Activity & Coverage Ratio Analysis: Liquidity, Activity & Coverage Quality of Earnings Fraudulent actions Above-average financial risk One-time transactions Borrow from the future/reach into the past Ride the depreciation

More information

Lecture 5 - Financial Planning and Forecasting

Lecture 5 - Financial Planning and Forecasting Lecture 5 - Financial Planning and Forecasting Strategy A company s strategy consists of the competitive moves, internal operating approaches, and action plans devised by management to produce successful

More information

Fundamental analysis

Fundamental analysis Fundamental analysis 2 June 2016 CERN Finance Club c.laner@cern.ch Introduction Let s cover the two main types of investment analysis used in traditional investing Today: Fundamental analysis Next time:

More information

Understanding Financial Management: A Practical Guide Guideline Answers to the Concept Check Questions

Understanding Financial Management: A Practical Guide Guideline Answers to the Concept Check Questions Understanding Financial Management: A Practical Guide Guideline Answers to the Concept Check Questions Chapter 3 Interpreting Financial Ratios Concept Check 3.1 1. What are the different motivations that

More information

Ratios from the Statement of Financial Position

Ratios from the Statement of Financial Position For The Year Ended 31 March 2007 Ratios from the Statement of Financial Position Profitability Ratios Return on Sales Ratio (%) This is the difference between what a business takes in and what it spends

More information

Vol. 2, Chapter 15 Ratio Analysis

Vol. 2, Chapter 15 Ratio Analysis Vol. 2, Chapter 15 Ratio Analysis Problem 1: Solution Transaction Total CurrentWorking Current No. Assets Capital Ratio 1 0 0 0 2 + + + 3 0 0 0 4 0 - - 5-0 + 6 - - - 7 0 0 0 8 0 0 0 9 - - - 10-0 + Problem

More information

Ratio Analysis 0.75. Fixed Assets Fixed Assets + Net Working Capital =0.75 Fixed Assets

Ratio Analysis 0.75. Fixed Assets Fixed Assets + Net Working Capital =0.75 Fixed Assets Ratio Analysis CA Past Years Exam Answer Answer to Q.1: (Nov, 009) Fixed assets ` 18,00,000 Proprietor s funds ` 4,00,000 Note: 1 Ratio of fixed assets to proprietor s funds 0.75 Properietors Fund 0.75

More information

Achievement of Market-Friendly Initiatives and Results Program (AMIR 2.0 Program) Funded by U.S. Agency for International Development

Achievement of Market-Friendly Initiatives and Results Program (AMIR 2.0 Program) Funded by U.S. Agency for International Development Achievement of Market-Friendly Initiatives and Results Program (AMIR 2.0 Program) Funded by U.S. Agency for International Development Equity Analysis, Portfolio Management, and Real Estate Practice Quizzes

More information

Solutions to Chapter 4. Measuring Corporate Performance

Solutions to Chapter 4. Measuring Corporate Performance Solutions to Chapter 4 Measuring Corporate Performance 1. a. 7,018 Long-term debt ratio 0. 42 7,018 9,724 b. 4,794 7,018 6,178 Total debt ratio 0. 65 27,714 c. 2,566 Times interest earned 3. 75 685 d.

More information

2. More important - provide a profile of firm s economic characteristics and competitive strategies.

2. More important - provide a profile of firm s economic characteristics and competitive strategies. RATIO ANALYSIS-OVERVIEW Ratios: 1. Provide a method of standardization 2. More important - provide a profile of firm s economic characteristics and competitive strategies. Although extremely valuable as

More information

Financial Formulas. 5/2000 Chapter 3 Financial Formulas i

Financial Formulas. 5/2000 Chapter 3 Financial Formulas i Financial Formulas 3 Financial Formulas i In this chapter 1 Formulas Used in Financial Calculations 1 Statements of Changes in Financial Position (Total $) 1 Cash Flow ($ millions) 1 Statements of Changes

More information

John A. Jaeger, CCE Manager Credit & Accounts Receivable Follett Higher Education Group. Extend Credit Management Financial Analyst Investor

John A. Jaeger, CCE Manager Credit & Accounts Receivable Follett Higher Education Group. Extend Credit Management Financial Analyst Investor John A. Jaeger, CCE Manager Credit & Accounts Receivable Follett Higher Education Group Extend Credit Management Financial Analyst Investor Establish the Objectives Study the Industry and Economic Climate

More information

Profitability Ratio Analysis

Profitability Ratio Analysis Profitability Ratio Analysis Profitability Ratios Purpose: Provide insight about ability to generate income Return on assets = Net income + interest * (1 - tax rate) Assets Return on equity = Net income

More information

Engineering Economics 2013/2014 MISE

Engineering Economics 2013/2014 MISE Problem: JS, Inc. shows the following accounting records for 2011: Sales commissions 15000 Beginning merchandise inventory 16000 Ending merchandise inventory 9000 Sales 185000 Advertising 10000 Purchases

More information

CHAPTER 5. RATIO ANALYSIS, FINANCIAL PLANNING AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS

CHAPTER 5. RATIO ANALYSIS, FINANCIAL PLANNING AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS CHAPTER 5. RATIO ANALYSIS, FINANCIAL PLANNING AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS The financial statements discussed in Chapter 4 provide valuable information about a firm s financial and business health. Ratio analysis

More information

Return on Equity has three ratio components. The three ratios that make up Return on Equity are:

Return on Equity has three ratio components. The three ratios that make up Return on Equity are: Evaluating Financial Performance Chapter 1 Return on Equity Why Use Ratios? It has been said that you must measure what you expect to manage and accomplish. Without measurement, you have no reference to

More information

Business 2019 Finance I Lakehead University. Midterm Exam

Business 2019 Finance I Lakehead University. Midterm Exam Business 2019 Finance I Lakehead University Midterm Exam Philippe Grégoire Fall 2002 Time allowed: 2 hours. Instructions: Calculators are permitted. One 8.5 11 inches crib sheet is allowed. Verify that

More information

CHAPTER 13. Financial Analysis: The Big Picture

CHAPTER 13. Financial Analysis: The Big Picture CHAPTER 13 Financial Analysis: The Big Picture Discuss the Need for comparative analysis and identify the tools of financial statement analysis Throughout the book we will rely on three types of comparisons

More information

Solutions Manual. Fundamentals of Corporate Finance 8 th edition Ross, Westerfield, and Jordan

Solutions Manual. Fundamentals of Corporate Finance 8 th edition Ross, Westerfield, and Jordan Solutions Manual Fundamentals of Corporate Finance 8 th edition Ross, Westerfield, and Jordan Updated 03-05-2007 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION TO CORPORATE FINANCE Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking

More information

CHAPTER 2 ACCOUNTING STATEMENTS, TAXES, AND CASH FLOW

CHAPTER 2 ACCOUNTING STATEMENTS, TAXES, AND CASH FLOW CHAPTER 2 ACCOUNTING STATEMENTS, TAXES, AND CASH FLOW Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. True. Every asset can be converted to cash at some price. However, when we are referring

More information

CHAPTER 6. P.6.17 The following are the ratios relating to the activities of National Traders Ltd:

CHAPTER 6. P.6.17 The following are the ratios relating to the activities of National Traders Ltd: CHAPTER 6 Solved Problems P.6.17 The following are the ratios relating to the activities of National Traders Ltd: Debtors velocity (months) 3 Stock velocity (months) 8 Creditors velocity (months) 2 Gross

More information

Understanding Financial Information for Bankruptcy Lawyers Understanding Financial Statements

Understanding Financial Information for Bankruptcy Lawyers Understanding Financial Statements Understanding Financial Information for Bankruptcy Lawyers Understanding Financial Statements In the United States, businesses generally present financial information in the form of financial statements

More information

Chapter 4 Sample Problems

Chapter 4 Sample Problems Chapter 4 Sample Problems 1. TCBW last year had an average collection period (days sales outstanding) of 35 days based on accounts receivable of $460,000. All of the firm's sales are made on credit. The

More information

Accounting - Analysis and Uses of Financial Statements - Final Exam 105 Questions 1. are least interested in financial statement analysis.

Accounting - Analysis and Uses of Financial Statements - Final Exam 105 Questions 1. are least interested in financial statement analysis. Accounting - Analysis and Uses of Financial Statements - Final Exam 105 Questions 1. are least interested in financial statement analysis. A. Auditors Tax lawyers Investors Creditors 2. According SFAC

More information

3 Financial Analysis and Planning

3 Financial Analysis and Planning 3 Financial Analysis and Planning BASIC CONCEPTS AND FORMULAE 1. Financial Analysis and Planning Financial Analysis and Planning is carried out for the purpose of obtaining material and relevant information

More information

2. More important - provide a profile of firm s economic characteristics and competitive strategies.

2. More important - provide a profile of firm s economic characteristics and competitive strategies. RATIO ANALYSIS-OVERVIEW Ratios: 1. Provide a method of standardization 2. More important - provide a profile of firm s economic characteristics and competitive strategies. C Company Sales $ 100,000 $ 125,000

More information

FI3300 Corporation Finance

FI3300 Corporation Finance Learning Objectives FI3300 Corporation Finance Spring Semester 2010 Dr. Isabel Tkatch Assistant Professor of Finance Explain the objectives of financial statement analysis and its benefits for creditors,

More information

Portfolio Management FMI Skema Paris campus Contrôle continu 2 2 April 2014 O. Williams

Portfolio Management FMI Skema Paris campus Contrôle continu 2 2 April 2014 O. Williams Portfolio Management FMI Skema Paris campus Contrôle continu 2 2 April 2014 O. Williams 1. The comparisons with which ratios should be made include the following, except: a. The firm's own past performance

More information

* * * Chapter 15 Accounting & Financial Statements. Copyright 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

* * * Chapter 15 Accounting & Financial Statements. Copyright 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter 15 Accounting & Financial Statements Copyright 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall Bookkeeping vs. Accounting Bookkeeping Accounting The recording of business transactions.

More information

Harlem Business Alliance. Financial Ratios and Projection Assumptions

Harlem Business Alliance. Financial Ratios and Projection Assumptions 1 Harlem Business Alliance Financial Ratios and Projection Assumptions 2 Why is this Important? Growth Map ($m) $35 $20 $15 $4 Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Entrepreneurs are in business to make a profit.

More information

Comprehensive exam Feb.11

Comprehensive exam Feb.11 Comprehensive exam Feb.11 1 Objectives of the examination Apply the financial management concept to evaluate the company s performance. Relate the results of the analysis to make financial decisions or

More information

FINC 3630: Advanced Business Finance Additional Practice Problems

FINC 3630: Advanced Business Finance Additional Practice Problems FINC 3630: Advanced Business Finance Additional Practice Problems Accounting For Financial Management 1. Calculate free cash flow for Home Depot for the fiscal year-ended February 1, 2015 (the 2014 fiscal

More information

Assets = Liabilities + Shareholders equity [2.1] Revenues Expenses = Income [2.2]

Assets = Liabilities + Shareholders equity [2.1] Revenues Expenses = Income [2.2] Assets = Liabilities + Shareholders equity [2.1] Revenues Expenses = Income [2.2] Cash flow from assets = Cash flow to bondholders [2.3] + Cash flow to shareholders Current ratio = Current assets/current

More information

Fundamentals of Corporate Finance

Fundamentals of Corporate Finance Fundamentals of Corporate Finance Sixth Canadian Edition by Ross, Westerfield, Jordan, and Roberts Formula Sheet page # Assets = Liabilities + Shareholders equity [2.1] 28 Revenues Expenses = Income [2.2]

More information

KEY EQUATIONS APPENDIX CHAPTER 2 CHAPTER 3

KEY EQUATIONS APPENDIX CHAPTER 2 CHAPTER 3 KEY EQUATIONS B CHAPTER 2 1. The balance sheet identity or equation: Assets Liabilities Shareholders equity [2.1] 2. The income statement equation: Revenues Expenses Income [2.2] 3.The cash flow identity:

More information

Intermediate (IPC)Course Paper 3 Part 2 Financial Management Chapter 3 CA. N Raja Natarajan, B.Com, PGDBA, ACA

Intermediate (IPC)Course Paper 3 Part 2 Financial Management Chapter 3 CA. N Raja Natarajan, B.Com, PGDBA, ACA Intermediate (IPC)Course Paper 3 Part 2 Financial Management Chapter 3 CA. N Raja Natarajan, B.Com, PGDBA, ACA Classification of Ratios Liquidity Ratios Capital Structure / Leverage Ratios Activity Ratios

More information

Integrated Case. 4-25 D Leon Inc., Part II Financial Statement Analysis

Integrated Case. 4-25 D Leon Inc., Part II Financial Statement Analysis Integrated Case 4-25 D Leon Inc., Part II Financial Statement Analysis Part I of this case, presented in Chapter 3, discussed the situation of D Leon Inc., a regional snack foods producer, after an expansion

More information

Chapter 4 Analysis of Financial Statements ANSWERS TO SELECTED END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS

Chapter 4 Analysis of Financial Statements ANSWERS TO SELECTED END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS Chapter 4 nalysis of Financial Statements NSWERS TO SELECTED END-OF-CHPTER QUESTIONS 4-1 a. liquidity ratio is a ratio that shows the relationship of a firm s cash and other current assets to its current

More information

EMERSON AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED OPERATING RESULTS (AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS EXCEPT PER SHARE, UNAUDITED)

EMERSON AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED OPERATING RESULTS (AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS EXCEPT PER SHARE, UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED OPERATING RESULTS (AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS EXCEPT PER SHARE, UNAUDITED) TABLE 1 Quarter Ended March 31, Percent Change Net Sales $ 5,854 $ 5,919 1% Costs and expenses: Cost of sales 3,548 3,583

More information

Long-Term Financial Planning and Growth

Long-Term Financial Planning and Growth Long-Term Financial Planning and Growth What is Financial Planning Firms must plan for both the short term and the long term. Short-term planning rarely looks further ahead than the next 12 months. It

More information

Managerial Accounting Prof. Dr. Varadraj Bapat Department of School of Management Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay

Managerial Accounting Prof. Dr. Varadraj Bapat Department of School of Management Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay Managerial Accounting Prof. Dr. Varadraj Bapat Department of School of Management Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay Lecture - 18 Financial Statements Analysis Dabur India Case Dear students, in last

More information

Financial Statement Analysis

Financial Statement Analysis Financial Statement Analysis 15.511 Corporate Accounting Summer 2004 Professor SP Kothari Sloan School of Management Massachusetts Institute of Technology June 18, 2004 1 Financial Statement Analysis:

More information

FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 100 Arbor Drive, Suite 108 Christiansburg, VA 24073 Voice: 540-381-9333 FAX: 540-381-8319 www.becpas.com Providing Professional Business Advisory & Consulting Services Douglas L. Johnston, II djohnston@becpas.com

More information

SOLUTIONS. Practice questions. Multiple Choice

SOLUTIONS. Practice questions. Multiple Choice Practice questions Multiple Choice 1. XYZ has $25,000 of debt outstanding and a book value of equity of $25,000. The company has 10,000 shares outstanding and a stock price of $10. If the unlevered beta

More information

Advanced Placement (AP) Accounting Course & Exam Pilot Program Course Outline, Learning Objectives and Student Outcomes

Advanced Placement (AP) Accounting Course & Exam Pilot Program Course Outline, Learning Objectives and Student Outcomes Advanced Placement (AP) Accounting Course & Exam Pilot Program Course Outline, Learning Objectives and Student Outcomes Course Overview The Advanced Placement (AP) Accounting Course & Exam Pilot Program

More information

Financial/Accounting Analysis Ratios Excel Calculator

Financial/Accounting Analysis Ratios Excel Calculator User Guide Financial/Accounting Analysis Ratios Excel Calculator Dec 2008 Version 2 copyright 2008 Business Tools Templates Financial/Accounting Analysis Ratios Excel Calculator Financial Analysis Ratios

More information

Analysis of Accounting Ratios

Analysis of Accounting Ratios CA BUSINESS SCHOOL POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA IN BUSINESS AND FINANCE SEMESTER 2: Financial Statements Analysis Analysis of Accounting Ratios M B G Wimalarathna (FCA, ACMA, ACIM, SAT, ACPM)(MBA PIM/USJ) Ratio

More information

Advanced Placement (AP) Accounting

Advanced Placement (AP) Accounting Advanced Placement (AP) Accounting The Advanced Placement (AP) Accounting Course is a full academic year course. The course is based on high school teachers having 120 contact hours with students from

More information

1.1 Role and Responsibilities of Financial Managers

1.1 Role and Responsibilities of Financial Managers 1 Financial Analysis 1.1 Role and Responsibilities of Financial Managers (1) Planning and Forecasting set up financial plans for their organisations in order to shape the company s future position (2)

More information