1 safety behind the wheel a practice driving guide for teens and parents
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3 Table of contents November 2012 Getting Started 2 Avoiding Distractions 3 Tips For Parents 5 Driving Scenarios 6 Safety And Security Reminders 15 Choosing A Vehicle For Your Teen 16 The Cost Of Driving 17 On The Road Video 18 Safe Driving Agreement 19 For More Information 20
4 2 getting started Becoming a new driver is a major milestone in your teen s life and one to be taken seriously. As time goes by, your teen will continue to learn and gain experience to become a better driver. However, it is important to understand the dangers of driving and how one mistake or bad decision can change lives forever. It is important to discuss the conseuences of risky driving behavior. Teens do not exhibit the same driving behaviors with friends as they do with their parents. Seat belts, distractions, drinking alcohol and driving, speeding and teen passengers are critical topics to discuss. The effect of traffic tickets and crashes on the cost of insurance is also an important subject. This publication will assist you in guiding your teen through progressively complex practice driving sessions, identifying common driving distractions, sharing safety and security reminders and entering into a safe-driving agreement with your teen driver.
5 avoiding distractions 3 Teach your teen that taking their eyes, hands or mind off the task of driving, even for a second, could cause someone s injury or death. Recognizing The Risks Driving reuires your full attention. When you use driving time to catch up on other activities, you put yourself and others at risk. Although some activities behind the wheel are more unsafe than others, any distraction endangers you and those around you. Talk with your teen openly and candidly about distraction risks. Forms Of Distraction A driving distraction is any activity that takes your attention away from driving. A distraction may be: Visual taking your eyes off the road. Manual taking your hands off the wheel. Cognitive taking your mind off of driving. BEFORE YOU DRIVE Plan ahead. Know your route and check road and weather conditions. Get ready before you leave home. Avoid personal grooming in the vehicle. Allow time to arrive at your destination without rushing. Secure children appropriately. Give them safe items to keep them occupied during the trip. Restrain pets appropriately when they travel with you. Secure cargo in your vehicle. Keep your mobile phone readily accessible in the event of an emergency. Leave a voic on your mobile phone saying you are driving and will call back at a safer time. Set vehicle controls, such as the radio, navigation system, air conditioner and lighting. Adjust the seat and mirrors. Buckle up and make sure all passengers are wearing their seat belts.
6 4 WHILE DRIVING Stay focused on the road. Concentrate on the task of driving. Do not talk on the phone. Do not read or send texts. Pull over to a safe location if you need to use your navigation system, check a map or do anything that takes your eyes, hands or mind off of driving. Keep the radio volume at a level that allows you to hear and respond to horns, emergency vehicle sirens and other important sounds outside your vehicle. Do not eat or drink. Do not smoke. Tell passengers if their behavior distracts you. Ask them to stop. Do not daydream or sightsee. Stay calm. Avoid driving when you are upset or tired. Do not respond emotionally to other drivers behavior. Remain aware of vehicles around you. If another driver appears distracted (talking on the phone, texting, eating, drifting out of the correct lane), maintain a safe following distance. AS A PASSENGER Speak up if the driver reads or sends a text, receives a call or allows other distractions. Offer to assist the driver with the vehicle controls (for example, the radio, navigation system, air conditioner). Help the driver stay alert to what is happening on the road. Help the driver stay calm. Do not engage the driver in a serious or emotional conversation. AT ALL TIMES Do not call or text someone you know is driving. If you receive a call from someone who is driving, ask him to call back at a safer time. Remember, driving reuires your full attention. It is not a time to catch up on phone calls, meals or personal grooming. Keep your driving skills sharp. Consider taking a class to improve your driving abilities.
7 tips for parents 5 Your teen will learn driving habits by watching you drive. Before you begin the practice sessions, demonstrate the behaviors you will want from your teen: Wear your seat belt. Avoid distractions that divert your attention from the road such as using a mobile phone, texting, smoking, grooming, eating, drinking or adjusting the radio while driving. Observe posted speed limits. Maintain safe following distances. Use your signal when changing lanes. Come to a complete stop at stop signs. Stop for red lights. Treat other drivers with courtesy. Refrain from drinking alcohol and driving. Drive defensively and anticipate the actions of other drivers. Make The Most Of The Practice Sessions Plan the route for each session and discuss the skills you will be observing with your teen. Begin with 15 to 20 minute sessions and gradually increase to an hour. Stay calm. Remember, your teen is nervous too. Give positive feedback. Be patient and expect mistakes. Give specific but concise instructions. Check traffic before instructing your teen to change lanes, make turns or stop. Direct your teen s attention to changing road conditions, hazards and other drivers. This helps develop your teen s ability to anticipate potential problems. Instruct your teen to always be aware of motorcyclists, cyclists and pedestrians. After each session, give constructive feedback and ask for feedback about your instruction. Some states reuire teen drivers to have a minimum number of supervised practice driving hours before becoming licensed. The reuired number of hours varies by state. Whether or not you live in a state with this type of reuirement, you may wish to keep track of the time you spend practicing with your teen driver.
8 6 driving scenarios Scenario One: Observation You are behind the wheel in this scenario. The objective is for you to guide your teen through the process of driving. Use the vehicle your teen will be driving for the remainder of the practice sessions. Focus on the skills and explain why you are doing things. This helps you put the basic skills together in a useful seuence for your teen driver. The observation scenario is intended to be an active exercise. Engage your teen in dialogue about the driving skills you are demonstrating. In The Driveway Explain The Basic Operation notes Vehicle safety features airbags, seat belts Seat controls Steering wheel adjustment Mirror controls Dashboard Signal controls Windshield wipers Emergency lights Parking brake and release Gear shift Location of insurance documentation and registration
9 7 On The Road Demonstrate And Explain The Skills notes Using signals Using mirrors Checking blind spots Braking Turning Changing lanes Maintaining speed Driving defensively anticipating the actions of other drivers Maintaining proper following distances Scanning for hazards anticipating potential problems Being aware of motorcyclists Yielding intersections and right of way Merging Parking on the street and in parking lots Backing up
10 8 Scenario Two: Getting The Feel Of The Vehicle This driving scenario should take place in a large empty parking lot. The purpose of this scenario is to help your teen driver feel comfortable maneuvering the vehicle. Emphasis is placed on basic skills. Getting the feel of the vehicle your teen will be driving is very important. All vehicles handle differently. Check each item when you feel the skill has been mastered. Basic Operation Adjusting the mirrors, seat and steering wheel Locating the blind spots Starting the engine Accelerating Turning Using signals Braking Backing up Parking pulling into and out of a parking space Special Considerations If your vehicle is euipped with an antilock braking system (ABS), it is important to teach your teen how to operate the brakes safely. Drivers should never pump antilock brakes. This type of braking system pumps the brakes automatically, many times every second. Instead, apply firm and continuous pressure to the brake pedal to activate the antilock brakes. When antilock brakes are working, the driver may feel a pulsating sensation from the brake pedal.
11 9 Have your teen practice hard braking by accelerating to 25 or 30 mph and pressing hard on the brakes. Repeat several times until your teen is comfortable with the feel of antilock brakes. If your vehicle is euipped with antilock brakes, you may want to have your teen practice this techniue: Place an empty box in the center of a large empty parking lot. While approaching the box at a speed of 25 or 30 mph, have your teen hit the brakes, steer around it and get back into the lane. Scenario Three: Low Traffic Areas Plan a route along neighborhood and city streets. Be sure to choose streets with speed limits that are not more than 35 mph. Before you depart, talk with your teen about the route and any special situations you expect to encounter such as school zones or road construction. Check each item when you feel the skill has been mastered. skills Using signals Braking Turning right Turning left Approaching controlled intersections with traffic lights or signs Approaching uncontrolled intersections Making protected and unprotected turns Determining right of way Changing lanes Maintaining proper speed Scanning and identifying hazards Maintaining proper following distances special considerations Pedestrians Crosswalks Bicyclists Bike lanes Children Pets Motorcyclists School buses School zones Emergency vehicles Bus stops Turning lanes
12 10 Scenario Four: Urban Areas This scenario should be practiced on city streets with speed limits of 45 mph or less. The business district, shopping areas and downtown may be good choices for sessions on urban traffic. Plan your route in advance and prepare your teen for the added challenges of heavier traffic and increased traffic control measures. Check each item when you feel the skill has been mastered. skills Keeping up with the flow of traffic, but not following too closely Approaching controlled intersections with traffic lights or signs Approaching uncontrolled intersections Turning from the proper lane Adjusting speed Maneuvering in busy parking lots Parking streets and lots Entering the roadway special considerations Crosswalks Buses Heavier traffic Restricted-use lanes buses, right turn only One-way streets Street-parked vehicles Motorcyclists Bicyclists Merging with traffic Scanning and identifying hazards
13 11 Scenario Five: Rural Roads After your teen has mastered the low traffic and urban driving scenarios, you are ready for the rural road scenario. Rural roads present a number of challenges to the beginning driver. These roads often consist of two narrow lanes, divided only by painted lines. They can have sharp curves and generally do not have shoulders for safe emergency maneuvering. Check each item when you feel the skill has been mastered. skills Keeping up with the flow of traffic, but not following too closely Approaching controlled intersections with traffic lights or signs Approaching uncontrolled intersections Maintaining proper speed Handling curves Passing other vehicles Allowing others to pass Scanning and identifying hazards special considerations Animals Limited sight distances Slow-moving vehicles Higher speeds Vehicles entering the roadway from side roads Cautionary signs Motorcyclists Bicyclists Nearly 75% of all rollover crashes occur in rural areas. practice with caution when driving on rural roads. the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
14 12 Scenario Six: Highways And Interstates This driving scenario takes place on urban and rural highways. Be sure to consider the time of day when choosing your routes. You will want to expose your teen to a variety of traffic situations. Start with low traffic situations and gradually progress to high traffic times and routes. Discuss the routes in advance and prepare your teen for any special situations you expect to encounter (for example, interchanges, construction zones). Check each item when you feel the skill has been mastered. skills Entering the roadway Keeping up with the flow of traffic, but not following too closely Maintaining proper speed Changing lanes always signaling Passing special considerations Higher speeds eual longer stopping distances Blind spots Large trucks Highway interchanges Motorcyclists Allowing others to pass Merging with traffic Exiting Scanning for hazards Truck drivers have blind spots in front of, behind and on both sides of their large vehicles. Remember, if you cannot see the driver s face in the truck s sideview mirrors, he cannot see you. Do not follow a truck too closely. This will keep you out of the blind spot and give you a better view of the road.
15 13 Scenario Seven: Night Driving For the nighttime scenario, choose streets on which your teen has previously practiced. The familiarity of landmarks and intersections will help them better recognize how things appear differently at night. Check each item when you feel the skill has been mastered. skills Adjusting mirrors to reduce glare Turning lights on at twilight Keeping up with the flow of traffic, but not following too closely Maintaining proper speed Using high beams appropriately Avoiding glare from oncoming traffic special considerations Limited sight distances Animals Pedestrians Stopped vehicles Driver fatigue/drowsiness Motorcyclists Approaching controlled intersections with traffic lights or signs Approaching uncontrolled intersections Scanning for and identifying hazards Determining distances When you consider that the majority of high school social and extracurricular activities take place at night, the importance of nighttime driving practice becomes critical.
16 14 Scenario Eight: Inclement Weather Rain, snow and ice can make driving hazardous, even for the most experienced driver. Helping your teen gain driving experience during adverse weather conditions is very important. After you are comfortable with your teen s driving performance in all other situations, it is time to progress to the inclement weather scenario. Begin by having your teen practice driving maneuvers in a large empty parking lot. When you are both ready for an on-road session, choose a route that is familiar. Check each item when you feel the skill has been mastered. skills Using lights and windshield wipers appropriately Braking Keeping up with the flow of traffic, but not following too closely Reducing speed appropriately Turning Approaching controlled intersections with traffic lights or signs special considerations Use of lights in fog Use of defogger and defroster Standing water Ice on bridges Stopped vehicle Hydroplaning Discuss what to do if the vehicle gets stuck Approaching uncontrolled intersections Some states reuire drivers to turn their headlights on whenever the windshield wipers are on. Even if it is not the law in your state, it is a good idea because it increases the likelihood that your vehicle will be seen by other drivers.
17 safety and security reminders 15 The following are tips and reminders to help keep your teen safe on the road. Take your vehicle for a full safety inspection 1 to 2 weeks before a long trip. Be well-rested and alert each time you get behind the wheel. Never drive after consuming alcohol or using illegal substances. Never drive using over-the-counter or prescription medications that cause drowsiness. Always wear a seat belt and reuire all passengers to buckle up. Obey all traffic safety laws. Slow down in adverse weather conditions. Avoid distractions that divert your attention from the road (for example, using a mobile phone, texting, smoking, grooming, eating, drinking or adjusting the radio while driving). Place warning devices, when needed, at least 200 feet behind the vehicle. Do not overload your vehicle with passengers. Drive safely and defensively at all times. Be aware of motorcyclists. They can be hard to detect, especially in your blind spot. Give emergency vehicles the right of way. Drive safely. Do not provoke other drivers. Do not open your window for strangers. Allow only individuals listed on your insurance to operate your vehicle. Keep a list of emergency contact numbers available. If you carry a mobile phone, program important numbers into your phone roadside assistance, insurance company, 9-1-1, home, etc. Make sure you have a flashlight and an extra set of batteries in your vehicle. Carry a current roadmap and plan your trips. Do not experiment with a new route especially at night. Keep the vehicle doors locked. If you believe you are being followed, drive to the nearest police station, fire department or any open place of business.
18 16 choosing a vehicle for your teen Teens should drive vehicles that reduce their risk of being involved in crashes and that offer better safety euipment in case they do crash. Whether your teen will be driving the family vehicle or one of their own, here are some tips that can help you make the best choice. What To Avoid Vehicles with a performance image. These vehicles can encourage speeding. Sport utility vehicles. SUVs especially smaller ones pose a rollover risk. Less experienced drivers may be more likely to overcorrect a turn or use abrupt steering motions which can cause a rollover. Very small, lightweight vehicles. Because of their size and weight, small vehicles generally offer less crash protection. Older vehicles. Most of today s vehicles offer better crash protection and more advanced safety features than those made 6 to 10 years ago. Motorcycles. Regardless of who is driving them, motorcycles are extremely dangerous. What To Look For A vehicle with good crashworthy ratings. Compare frontal, side, rollover and rear crash protection ratings. Visit the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) at and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) at Newer models with better safety euipment. A newer, midsize vehicle with airbags is a better choice than an older, larger vehicle without airbags, according to the IIHS. Monitoring devices that can be installed in vehicles to record teen driving behaviors. Parents can review the monitored driving with their teen drivers as a learning tool to encourage the development of safer driving habits.
19 the cost of driving 17 It is important that your teen driver understand the costs of driving and maintaining a vehicle. Insurance Teen drivers pay more for auto insurance than other drivers. That is because, as a group, they are involved in significantly more accidents than other drivers. But, not all teen drivers pay the same rates. Here are some things your teen driver can do to help minimize insurance rates: Maintain a clean driving record by having no at-fault accidents or convictions for moving traffic violations. Complete a driver training course. Practice safe driving habits. Ownership Costs Driving a vehicle involves much more than just filling it with fuel. There are other costs to consider, including: Vehicle payment, if financing a loan. Registration fees. State inspection fees (where reuired). Operating Costs When a vehicle is properly maintained, it will last longer and run more efficiently. Typical repair and maintenance costs include: Oil and filter changes. Replacement of tires or battery. Maintenance costs due to unplanned mechanical problems, especially in some older vehicles. Commuting. Parking and toll roads.
20 18 on the road video Teen Safe Driving Video Helping keep your teen safe behind the wheel is very important. That is why we have developed a video designed to help teens develop safe driving skills. We invite you and your teen to watch the On The Road video which focuses on: Driver distractions Poor weather conditions School zones and emergency vehicles Road rage Impaired driving To watch the video: Visit Click the Health & Safety tab Click On The Road (DVD) After watching the video you can discuss the conseuences of risky driving behavior with your teen and help reinforce the importance of being an alert and responsible driver. You and your teen can also view educational information on financial, health and other safety related topics at:
21 safe driving agreement 19 I,, understand that driving is a privilege, and I promise to: Obey all traffic laws and signs. Always check and adjust my vehicle controls, such as the radio, navigation system, air conditioner, lighting, seat and mirrors before driving. Maintain at least 1 /4 tank of gas at all times. It is not safe to be stranded on the side of the road. Always check oil levels and tire pressure. Always wear my seat belt and ensure that anyone riding with me is also wearing a seat belt. Be aware of my surroundings and other vehicles to ensure safe driving. Avoid distractions that divert my attention from the road while driving. These include talking on my mobile phone, texting, adjusting vehicle controls, reading, eating, drinking, grooming, picking up loose items from the floor or between the seats and talking to passengers. Never drive after consuming alcohol or using illegal substances. Never ride with a driver who has consumed alcohol or used illegal substances. Never drive if I am using over-the-counter or prescription medications that cause drowsiness. Never drive someone else s vehicle or let anyone drive mine unless it is an absolute emergency, such as illness or injury. All drivers must be insured to operate any vehicle. Have no one with me when I am driving unless I have obtained permission from my parent(s). Support my parent s decision to install a video camera or other monitoring device in the vehicle that I am driving and agree to review the tapes with them to evaluate my driving skills. As the parent(s) or legal guardian(s), I (We),, agree to let our teen, long as adheres to the above checklist., maintain driving privileges as Parent/Legal Guardian Signature Date Parent/Legal Guardian Signature Date Teen Signature Date
22 20 for more information Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (800) CDC-INFO ( ) Focus Driven (630) Insurance Information Institute (III) (212) National Safety Council (800) The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety (202) The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (703) The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (888)
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CHAPTER 3: LEARNING TO DRIVE This chapter provides information that will help you become a safe driver. It covers these topics: Choosing Safety First Driver Factors Everyday Driving Skills Special Circumstances
B I C Y C L I N G I N C O L O R A D O RULES OF THE ROAD Please consult the Colorado Revised Statutes for the specific language of the law regarding bicycles and their operation. Municipalities and other
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Chapter 4 DEFENSIVE DRIVING Chapter 4 Table of Contents Chapter 4 DEFENSIVE DRIVING... 4-1 DEFENSIVE DRIVING... 4-3 Positioning The Bus... 4-3 When Making a Turn at an Intersection... 4-3 Making the perfect
Safety First Motor vehicle crashes are the number one cause of death of children and young adults in America. About one in three Americans will be injured or killed in a motor vehicle crash. One in three.
DRIVING CONTRACT FOR NEW DRIVERS AND THEIR PARENTS A Message to Teenagers and Their Parents Concerning Safe Driving in Maine While obtaining a driver's license is the dream of most teenagers, it can lead
DRIVER KNOWLEDGE TEST QUESTIONS CLASS C (CAR) LICENCE ICAC1 - ICAC What will happen if you are caught cheating on the knowledge test? - You will not be allowed to take another test for 6 weeks. - You will
87-A DISTRICT DIVISION MOST COMMON TRAFFIC CIVIL INFRACTION VIOLATIONS Revised as of 04/2016 Misdemeanor violations may require a hearing date at which time fine and costs will be assessed. Section Code
Cycle Safety Some tips on safer cycling Údarás Um Shábháilteacht Ar Bhóithre Road Safety Authority Be safe For further information on safe cycling, please look at the Rules of the Road website at www.rulesoftheroad.ie
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YOUR GUIDE TO INTRA-TOWN CYCLING Content 04 Introduction 05 Attire Before you set off 06 Safety Checklist for Bicycle 07 Maintenance 08 Preventing Bicycle Theft What to look out for on the way 10 Signs
Motor Vehicle Operations Program July 31, 2008 Introduction The Texas Transportation Institute (TTI) is committed to providing a safe and healthful environment for its employees and visitors. All activities
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