New records of amphibians from Thuong Tien Nature Reserve, Hoa Binh Province, Vietnam

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1 Herpetology Notes, volume 7: (2014) (published online on 4 February 2014) New records of amphibians from Thuong Tien Nature Reserve, Hoa Binh Province, Vietnam Vinh Quang Luu 1,4,5, *, Canh Xuan Le 2, Huy Quang Do 1, Tuoi Thi Hoang 3, Truong Quang Nguyen 2,4, Michael Bonkowski 4 and Thomas Ziegler 4,5 Abstract. Six species of amphibians are reported for the first time from Thuong Tien Nature Reserve, Hoa Binh Province, Vietnam: Babina chapaensis, Kurixalus bisacculus, Theloderma asperum, Rhacophorus kio, R. feae, and Tylototriton asperrimus. These new findings bring the total number of amphibian species to 33 in Thuong Tien Nature Reserve. Keywords. Ranidae, Rhacophoridae, Salamandridae, distribution, taxonomy, Hoa Binh Province. Introduction In their recent checklist Nguyen, Ho and Nguyen (2009) recorded a total of 177 species of amphibians from Vietnam. Since then new country records and new species descriptions of amphibians have been regularly published from the country (e.g., Ziegler and Nguyen, 2010; Nguyen et al., 2012, 2013; Luu et al., 2013). These new discoveries clearly underscore the underestimated diversity of amphibians in Vietnam, particularly in remote areas. Thuong Tien Nature Reserve is located between the Kim Boi and Lac Son districts in the Hoa Binh Province, in northwestern Vietnam, covering an area of 7,308 hectares of montane evergreen forest (Figs. 1, 2A). The topography of Thuong Tien Nature Reserve is characterized by medium-high mountains, which reach elevations of over 1,000 m (Tordoff et al., 2004). Although this protected area was established in 2000, the herpetofauna of Thuong Tien Nature Reserve is still poorly studied. Hoang and Luu (2009) recently provided the first preliminary list of 27 amphibian species from this area. As a result of additional field surveys conducted in Thuong Tien Nature Reserve in 2009, we herein report six new records of amphibians from this natural reserve as well as from Hoa Binh Province. Material and Methods 1 Department of Wildlife, Faculty of Natural Resource and Environmental Management, Vietnam Forestry University, Xuan Mai, Chuong My, Hanoi, Vietnam. 2 Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Hanoi, Vietnam. 3 Biodiversity Center, Faculty of Natural Resource and Environmental Management, Vietnam Forestry University, Xuan Mai, Chuong My, Hanoi, Vietnam. 4 Zoological Institute, University of Cologne, Zülpicher Strasse 47b, D Cologne, Germany. 5 AG Zoologischer Garten Köln, Riehler Strasse 173, D Cologne, Germany. * Corresponding author Field surveys were conducted in the Thuong Tien Nature Reserve (NR) by V. Q. Luu, L. D. Phan, L. X. Tran, H. K. Can, T. Bui, T. H. Nguyen, T. V. Ninh, C. H. Nguyen (VQL et al.) from 5 March to 28 April and from 20 to 28 July Field surveys had previously been conducted by VQL et al. from 22 February to 14 April 2008 at elevations below 500 m a.s.l. and additional surveys in 2009 were carried out at elevations between 500 and 720 m a.s.l. After taking photographs, the specimens were anaesthetized, fixed in 40-70% ethanol and subsequently stored in 70% ethanol. Specimens were deposited in the collection of the Vietnam Forestry Univeristy (VFU), Hanoi, Vietnam. Measurements were taken with a digital calliper to the nearest 0.1 mm. Abbreviations are as follows: a.s.l.: above sea level; SVL (snout-vent length): from tip of

2 52 Vinh Quang Luu et al. Figure 1. Map showing the Thuong Tien Nature Reserve, Hoa Binh Province, in northern Vietnam. snout to anterior margin of cloaca; TaL (tail length): from posterior margin of cloaca to tip of tail; HL (head length): from the rear of the lower jaw to the tip of the snout; HW (maximum head width): at commissure of jaws; SN: distance from tip of snout to nostril; EN: distance from front of eye to nostril; terminology of morphological characters followed Nguyen et al. (2012) for anurans and Nguyen et al. (2009) for salamanders. Statistic analyses were performed with the PAST Statistics software version 2.17 (Hammer et al., 2001). The Sorensen coefficient was used to compare the similarity of the species compositions between Thuong Tien NR and nearby karst formations in the northwestern region. The lists of amphibian species from nearby protected areas were obtained from the literature, i.e., Nguyen et al. (2003) for Cuc Phuong National Park (Ninh Binh Province), Nguyen et al. (2000) for Hang Kia Pa Co NR (Hoa Binh Province), and Le et al. (2008) for Ngoc Son Ngo Luong NR (Hoa Binh Province). This index is measured by the following formula: djk = 2M / (2M+N) in which M is the number of species occurring in both regions and N is the total number of species with presence in just one region. Results Ranidae Babina chapaensis (Bourret 1937) Chapa Frog / Chang sa pa (Fig. 2B) Specimens examined. Two adult males (VFU A ) collected on 27 April 2009 by VQL et al. in Doi Thung 1 forest, Quy Hoa Commune, Tan Lac District (N 20 o , E 105 o ), at an elevation of ca. 680 m a.s.l. Morphological characters. SVL mm; head longer than wide (HL mm, HW mm); canthus rostralis distinct; nostril directed laterally; loreal region concave; tympanum visible, rounded; supratympanic fold distinct; vomerine teeth present; tongue notched posteriorly; vocal sacs present in males. Forelimbs: relative length of fingers: II<I=IV<III; fingers free of webbing; tips of fingers rounded, without discs; dermal fringe along outer finger absent; palmar tubercles distinct; nuptial pad present in males. Hindlimbs: toes long and thin, relative length of toes: I<II<V<III<IV; toes less than half webbed; tips of toes rounded; dermal fringe along outer toe absent; subarticular tubercles present; inner metatarsal tubercle present, outer metatarsal tubercle indistinct. Skin: dorsal

3 New records of amphibians from Thuong Tien Nature Reserve, Vietnam 53 Figure 2. A) Habitat of evergreen forest in Thuong Tien Nature Reserve; B) Chapa Frog Babina chapaensis; C) Taylor s Treefrog Kurixalus bisacculus; D) Thao Whipping Frog Rhacophorus feae; E) Black-webbed Treefrog Rhacophorus kio; F) Hill Garden Bug-eyed Frog Theloderma asperum. Photos: V. Q. Luu. surface of head and body smooth; dorsolateral fold distinct; lateral head and flanks smooth; a small fold present along arm; ventral surface smooth. Coloration in life: head and dorsum light brown with a cream vertebral stripe, edged in dark brown, running from between the eye to vent; posterior part of dorsum with some dark spots; upper jaw with a cream stripe, from below the nostril to axilla; dorsolateral fold yellowish brown, edged in black laterally; upper part of tibia and thigh with dark bars; venter cream (determination after Bourret, 1942; Chuaynkern et al., 2010). Distribution. In Vietnam, this species has been known from Lao Cai, Bac Giang, Ha Tinh, Kon Tum, Gia Lai, Dak Lak provinces. Elsewhere, this species has been

4 54 reported from Laos and Thailand (Nguyen, Ho and Nguyen, 2009). This is the first record of B. chapaensis from Thuong Tien NR as well as from Hoa Binh Province. Natural history notes. Specimens were collected between 21:00 and 21:30 while sitting on a stone in a rocky stream. The surrounding habitat was evergreen forest at elevation of ca. 680 m a.s.l. Rhacophoridae Kurixalus bisacculus (Taylor 1962) Taylor s Treefrog / Ech cay tay-lo (Fig. 2C) Specimens examined. Two adult males (VFU A ) collected on 27 April 2009 by VQL et al. in Doi Thung 1 forest, Quy Hoa Commune, Tan Lac District (N 20 o , E 105 o , at an elevation of ca. 750 m a.s.l.). Morphological characters. SVL mm; head as long as wide (HL mm, HW mm); snout pointed at tip; loreal region concave; tympanum enlarged, rounded; supratympanic fold distinct; vomerine teeth present; tongue notched posteriorly; vocal sacs present in males. Forelimbs: relative length of fingers: I<II<IV<III; tip of fingers enlarged into large discs; webbing basal; dermal fringe along outer finger and palmar tubercles present; nuptial pad enlarged. Hindlimbs: toes with enlarged discs; relative length of toes: I<II<III=V<IV; toes three-fourths webbed, first and second toes less than half webbed; dermal fringe along outer toe present; subarticular tubercles visible; inner metatarsal tubercle present; outer metatarsal tubercle absent. Skin: dorsal surface of head, occiput, eyelids, and dorsum with several tubercles; flanks with bigger tubercles; ventral skin, upper part of thigh, and cloacal region granular. Coloration in life: Dorsal surface brown with large moss green regions; dorsal limbs with dark bars; ventral surface cream with brown dots on belly; underside of limbs brown with small light dots (determination after Taylor, 1962). Distribution. Yu et al. (2010) stated that previous records of Kurixalus verrucosus in Vietnam should be referred to K. bisacculus. In Vietnam, K. bisacculus has been recorded from Lao Cai and Ha Giang in the North southwards to Thua Thien-Hue and Gia Lai provinces (Nguyen, Ho and Nguyen, 2009). Elsewhere, this species is known from China, Laos, Thailand, and Cambodia (Yu et al., 2010). This is a new record for Thuong Tien NR as well as for Hoa Binh Province. Vinh Quang Luu et al. Natural history notes. Specimens were found between 21:20 and 21:30 on tree leaves, approximately 1 m above the forest floor, at an elevation of ca. 750 m a.s.l. Rhacophorus feae Boulenger 1893 Thao Whipping Frog / Ech cay phe (Figs. 2D) Specimen examined. One adult male VFU A collected by VQL et al. on 25 April 2009 in evergreen forest near Doi Thung 1 area, Quy Hoa Commune, Lac Son District (N 20 o , E 105 o ), at an elevation of ca. 650 m a.s.l. Morphological characters. SVL 75.4 mm; head longer than wide (HL 26.3 mm, HW 25.2 mm); canthus rostralis distinct; loreal region concave; tympanum visible, supratympanic fold distinct; vomerine teeth present; tongue rounded posteriorly; vocal sac present in the male. Forelimbs: relative length of fingers: I<II<IV<III; tip of fingers enlarged into large discs, rounded; webbing completed; dermal fringe along outer finger well developed; palmar tubercles present; nuptial pad present. Hindlimbs: toes with enlarged discs; relative length of toes: I<II<III=V<IV; toes fully webbed; dermal fringe along outer toe present; subarticular tubercles indistinct; inner metatarsal tubercle present. Skin: dorsal surface of head, body and limbs smooth; ventral surface of belly and thighs granular. Coloration in life: dorsal surface of head, body, and limbs green; lateral head with a yellow stripe on each side, from nostril through above orbit and tympanum to axilla; webbing greenish yellow; belly and lower thighs purplish brown; lower lip, throat, chest, and ventral surface of limbs white (determination after Boulenger, 1893; Orlov, Nguyen and Ho, 2008). Distribution. In Vietnam, R. feae has been recorded from Lai Chau, Lao Cai, Kon Tum, Dak Lak, Lam Dong, and Dong Nai provinces. Elsewhere, this species is known from China, Myanmar, Laos, and Thailand (Nguyen, Ho and Nguyen, 2009; Frost, 2013). Our finding represents the first record for Thuong Tien NR as well as for Hoa Binh Province. Natural history notes. The specimen was collected at 22:00 on a banana leaf, ca. 1 m above a stream in evergreen forest, at an elevation of ca. 650 m a.s.l. Rhacophorus kio Ohler and Delorme 2006 Black-webbed Treefrog / Ech cay ki-o (Fig. 2E) Specimens examined. One adult male and one adult female (VFU A and VFU ) collected by VQL et al. on 27 April 2009 in evergreen forest near Doi Thung 1 area, Quy Hoa Commune, Lac Son District (N

5 New records of amphibians from Thuong Tien Nature Reserve, Vietnam o , E 105 o ), at an elevation of 580 m a.s.l. Morphological characters. SVL mm; head longer than wide (HL mm, HW mm); snout acute; canthus rostralis circular; loreal region moderately convex; nostrils rounded, closer to the tip of snout than to the orbit (SN mm, EN mm); tympanum rounded, visible; vomerine teeth present; tongue rounded posteriorly; vocal sac present in the male. Forelimbs: relative length of fingers: I<II<IV<III; tips of fingers enlarged into rounded discs; webbing well developed; dermal fringe along outer finger present; palmar tubercles indistinct; nuptial pad present. Hindlimbs: tibia longer than femur and foot length; relative length of toes: I<II<III<V<IV; toes fully webbed; dermal fringe along outer toe well developed; subarticular tubercles present, rounded; inner metatarsal tubercle indistinct. Skin: dorsal and ventral skin smooth. Coloration in life: Dorsal surface of head, body and upper zone of flank green with white dots, lower lateral part dark brown with yellow spots; forearm proximately green and yellowish with small white dots; thigh orange yellow posteriorly; dermal fringes on toes and fingers yellowish white; ventral surface yellow, webbing orange with an ink black spot at base; nuptial pad yellow (determination after Ohler and Delorme, 2006). Distribution. In Vietnam, R. kio has been known from Lao Cai and Cao Bang in the North southwards to Kon Tum and Gia Lai provinces. Elsewhere, this species has been recorded from eastern India, China, Laos, Thailand, and Cambodia (Nguyen, Ho and Nguyen, 2009; Frost, 2013). This is the first record of the species from Thuong Tien NR as well as for Hoa Binh Province. Natural history notes. Specimens were found at 14:00 on tree leaves, ca. 5-6 m above a small pond, at an elevation of 580 m a.s.l. Theloderma asperum (Boulenger 1886) Hill Garden Bug-eyed Frog / Ech cay san a-x-po (Fig. 2F) Specimens examined. One adult male VFU A collected on 21 July 2009 by VQL et al. in Suoi Doi forest, Quy Hoa Commune, Lac Son District (N 20 o , E 105 o ), at an elevation of ca. 650 m a.s.l. Morphological characters. SVL 34.5 mm; head wider than long (HW 13.1 mm, HL 12.1 mm); canthus rostralis indistinct; loreal region concave; tympanum enlarged, supratypanic fold absent; vomerine teeth present; tongue notched posteriorly; vocal sacs present in the male. Forelimbs: relative length of fingers: I<II<IV<III; tips of fingers enlarged into large discs; webbing basal; dermal fringe along outer finger absent; palmar tubercles present; nuptial pad present. Hindlimbs: toes with enlarged discs; relative length of toes: I<II<III=V<IV; toes about three-fourths webbed; dermal fringe along outer toe absent; subarticular tubercles distinct; inner metatarsal tubercle present. Skin: dorsal and lateral skin covered by tubercles with whitish granular asperities; chin nearly smooth; ventral surface with large granules; under thighs smooth. Coloration in life: dorsal surface of head and body bluish grey with a small brown line between eyes; posterior part of body with a large chocolate area; dorsal surface of forelimbs chocolate with small light dots; dorsal surface of hindlimbs brown with cream markings; ventral surface cream (determination after Taylor, 1962; Inger, Orlov and Darevsky, 1999; Bain and Nguyen, 2004). Distribution. T. asperum has been reported from Lai Chau and Ha Giang provinces in the North southwards to Lam Dong and Dong Nai provinces in the South of Vietnam (Nguyen, Ho and Nguyen, 2009; Frost, 2013). Elsewhere, this species is known from India, China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Malaysia (Nguyen, Ho and Nguyen, 2009). This is a new record for Thuong Tien NR as well as for Hoa Binh Province. Natural history notes. The specimen was collected at 22:00 while jumping on the forest floor in evergreen forest at an elevation of 720 m a.s.l. Salamandridae Tylototriton asperrimus Unterstein 1930 Granular Newt / Ca coc san (Figs. 3A, B) Specimen examined. One adult male (VFU A ) and one adult female (VFU A ) collected on 24 July 2009 in Cot Ca forest, Quy Hoa Commune, Lac Son District (N 20 o , E 105 o ), at an elevation of 720 m a.s.l. Morphological characters. SVL mm, tail length TaL mm; head wider than long (HL mm, HW mm); snout short, blunt, projecting anteriorly beyond lower jaw; glandular ridge on midline of crown from above anterior edge of eye to middle of head; glandular ridge on outer margin of crown from above eye to base of parotoid gland; parotoid glands enlarged, projecting posteriorly; vertebral tubercular ridge well-developed, from posterior end of crown to base of tail; a dorsolateral row of large glandular warts present on each side from axilla to

6 56 Vinh Quang Luu et al. Natural history notes. The specimens were found between 15:00 and 17:00 in a pond (ca. 3-4 m in diameter and water level about 0.3 m in depth) in evergreen forest. Several juveniles were seen in the pond in July, at an elevation of 720 m a.s.l. Discussion Figure 3. Granular Newt Tylototriton asperrimus A) dorsal view and B) ventral view. Photos: V. Q. Luu. base of tail, smaller posteriorly; dorsal skin with small tubercles; throat and chest granular; belly with striations perpendicular to body axis; fingers free of webbing; toes with a web-remnant at base; tail laterally compressed, tail tip pointed. Coloration in life: Body dark brown; dorsal margin of tail, outer margin of upper and lower surface of finger and toe tips, upper surface of fingers and toes, cloacal region continuing to ventral ridge of tail yellowish orange (determination after Nguyen et al., 2009; Nishikawa, Matsui and Nguyen, 2013). Distribution. Nishikawa, Matsui and Nguyen (2013) referred the populations of Tylototriton from Cao Bang and Ha Giang in northern Vietnam to a newly described species, namely T. ziegleri. Elsewhere, this species is known only from China (Nguyen, Ho and Nguyen, 2009). This is the first record of the species for Thuong Tien NR and for Hoa Binh Province. The new records bring the total number of amphibian species to 33 in Thuong Tien NR, comprising 5 species of Megophryidae, 3 species of Bufonidae, 1 species of Hylidae, 9 species of Microhylidae, 8 species of Dicroglossidae, 9 species of Ranidae, and 15 species Rhacophoridae (Fig. 4). Nguyen, Ho and Nguyen (2009) reported 27 anuran species from Hoa Binh Province, including Microhyla berdmorei (Blyth 1856) from Thuong Tien NR and Odorrana andersonii Boulenger 1882 and Chiromantis vittatus Boulenger 1887 from adjacent areas. However, voucher specimens of these species have not been found during our field surveys in Thuong Tien NR in 2008 and Statistic analyses showed that the species composition of the amphibian fauna of Thuong Tien NR is most similar to that of Hang Kia Pa Co NR (djk = 0.750) with 21 species recorded in both areas whereas it is only between Cuc Phuong NP and Ngoc Son Ngo Luong NR (see Table 1). It is expected that additional new records and even new species will be discovered from Hoa Binh Province in future. Sterling, Hurley and Le (2006) indicated that a wild range of elevations and the complexity of landforms have given the northwestern region of Vietnam a great diversity of natural habitats and a high level of biodiversity potential. For instance, north of the Hoa Binh Province, the Hoang Lien National Park (Lao Cai Province) harbours a total of 63 species of amphibians, including one newly recorded genus and five new species have been described since 2000 (Nguyen, Ho and Nguyen, 2009; Nguyen et al., 2013). 1 Table 1. Similarity (Sorensen coefficient index) of the species composition of the amphibian Table 1. Similarity (Sorensen coefficient index) of the species composition of the amphibian fauna between Thuong Tien NR and 2 fauna between Thuong Tien NR and nearby protected areas in northwestern Vietnam. nearby protected areas in northwestern Vietnam. 3 Protected area Thuong Tien (Hoang and Luu, 2009; this study) Cuc Phuong (Nguyen et al., 2003) Hang Kia - Pa Co (Nguyen et al., 2000) Ngoc Son - Ngo Luong (Le et al., 2008) Thuong Tien 1 Cuc Phuong Hang Kia - Pa Co Ngoc Son - Ngo Luong

7 New records of amphibians from Thuong Tien Nature Reserve, Vietnam 57 Figure 4. Species richness of amphibian families from Thuong Tien Nature Reserve (new records marked in red). Acknowledgements. We are grateful to the directorates and staffs of Thuong Tien NR for support of our field work. We thank L. D. Phan, L. X. Tran, H. K. Can, T. Bui, T. H. Nguyen, T. V. Ninh, and C. H. Nguyen (Hanoi) for their assistance in the field. Many thanks to A. Ohler (Paris) for commenting on our manuscript, and E. Sterling (New York) and K. Koy (Berkeley) for providing the map. Field work in Thuong Tien NR was funded by IDEAWILD for V. Q. Luu. Research of V. Q. Luu in Germany is funded by the Ministry of Education and Training of Vietnam (MOET, Project 911) and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). Research of T.Q. Nguyen in Germany is funded by the Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung/Foundation (VIE ). References Bain, R.H., Nguyen, Q.T. (2004): Herpetofauna diversity of Ha Giang Province in northeastern Vietnam, with descriptions of two new species. American Museum Novitates 3453: Boulenger, G.A. (1893): Concluding report on the reptiles and batrachians obtained in Burma by Signor L. Fea dealing with the collection made in Pegu and the Karin Hills in Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova. Serie 2 13: Bourret, R. (1942): Les Batraciens de l Indochine. Institut Océanographique de l Indochine, Hanoi, 547 pp. Chuaynkern, Y., Ohler, A., Inthara, C., Duengkae, P., Makchai, S., Salangsingha, N. (2010): A revision of species in the subgenus Nidirana Dubois, 1992, with special attention to the identity of specimens allocated to Rana adenopleura Boulenger, 1909, and Rana chapaensis (Bourret, 1937) (Amphibia: Anura: Ranidae) from Thailand and Laos. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 58: Frost, D.R. (2013): Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database accessible at index.html. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Last accessed on 5 January Hammer, O., Harper, D.A.T., Ryan, P.D. (2001): PAST: Paleontological statistical software package for education and data analysis. Paleontologica Eletronica 4: 1-9. Hoang, T.T., Luu, Q.V. (2009): The diversity of the amphibian composition of the Thuong Tien Nature Reserve in Hoa Binh Province, Vietnam. Science and Technology Journal (in Vietnamese) 3: Inger, R.F., Orlov, N., Darevsky, I. (1999): Frogs of Vietnam: a report on new collections. Fieldiana Zoology 92: Le, T.D., Do, Q.H., Le T.D., Luu, Q.V., Luong, V.H. (2008): Survey report on vertebrate fauna of Ngoc Son - Ngo Luong Nature Reserve. Technical report of Ngoc Son - Ngo Luong project, 99 pp. Luu, Q.V, Nguyen, Q.T., Pham, T.C., Dang, N.K., Vu, N.T., Miskovic, S., Bonkowski, M., Ziegler, T. (2013): No end in sight? Further new records of amphibians and reptiles from Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park, Quang Binh Province, Vietnam. Biodiversity Journal 4: Nguyen, X.D., Dang, N.C., Hoang M.K., Truong, V.L, Ho, T.C., Nguyen, Q.T., Dang, D.K. (2000): A survey on the fauna in limstone ecosystems of Xuan Son and Hang Kia - Pa Co nature reserves. Technical report of the Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Hanoi (in Vietnamese), 35 pp. Nguyen, V.S., Ho, T.C., Nguyen, Q. T., Le, T. D. (2003): Reptiles and amphibians of Cuc Phuong National Park. Agricultural Publisher (in Vietnamese), Hanoi, 121 pp. Nguyen, V.S., Ho, T.C., Nguyen, Q. T. (2009): Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 768 pp. Nguyen, Q.T., Nguyen, V.S., Ho, T.L, Le, K.Q., Nguyen, T.T. (2009): Phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic review of the family Salamandridae (Amphibia: Caudata) from Vietnam. Journal of Biotechnology (invietnamese) 7(3):

8 58 Vinh Quang Luu et al. Nguyen, Q.T., Le, D.M., Pham, T.C., Nguyen, T.T., Bonkowski, M., Ziegler, T. (2012): A new species of Gracixalus (Amphibia, Anura, Rhacophoridae) from northern Vietnam. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 13(2): Nguyen, Q.T., Phung, M.T., Le, D.M., Ziegler, T., Böhme, W. (2013): First record of the genus Oreolalax (Anura: Megophryidae) from Vietnam with description of a new species. Copeia 2: Nishikawa, K., Matsui, M., Nguyen, T.T. (2013): A new species of Tylototriton from Northern Vietnam (Amphibia: Urodela: Salamandridae). Current Herpetology 32(1): Ohler, A., Delorme M. (2006): Well known does not mean well studied: morphological and molecular support for existence of sibling species in the Javanese gliding frog Rhacophorus reinwardtii (Amphibia, Anura). Comptes Rendus Biologies 329(2): Orlov, N.L., Nguyen, N.S., Ho, T.C. (2008): Description of a new species and new records of Rhacophorus genus (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) with the review of amphibians and reptiles diversity of Chu Yang Sin National Park (Dac Lac Province, Vietnam). Russian Journal of Herpetology 15: Sterling, E.J., Hurley, M.H., Le, D.M. (2006): Vietnam: A Natural History. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, 423 pp. Taylor, E.H. (1962): The amphibian fauna of Thailand. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 43: Tordoff, A.W., Tran, B.Q., Nguyen, T.D., Le, H.M. (eds) (2004): Sourcebook of existing and proposed protected areas in Vietnam. BirdLife International in Indochina and Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, second edition, Hanoi. Yu, G., Zhang, M., Yang, J. (2010): A species boundary within the Chinese Kurixalus odontotarsus species group (Anura: Rhacophoridae): New insights from molecular evidence. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56: Ziegler, T., Nguyen, Q.T. (2010): New discoveries of amphibians and reptiles from Vietnam. Bonn zoological Bulletin 57: Accepted by Diogo Provete

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