Broward Barometer of Adult Drug Abuse Indicators Summer 2008

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1 Adult Summer 8 The chart below summarizes the severity and trends for indicators of drug use and abuse in Broward County, Florida. The Severity Index is based on the number of drug-related deaths, emergency department reports, treatment admissions, and crime lab cases. Rates of use are based on 3 surveys among different local populations. Trends monitor change over years. Summary Pages are provided for each of the 7 substances followed by the Data Sources. Severity Rank Substance Year Trend Year Trend High 1. Cocaine Stable. Rx Opioids 3. Rx Benzodiazepines. Marijuana Stable 5. Heroin 6. MDMA ( Ecstasy ) Low 7. Methamphetamine Stable United Way of Broward County Commission On Substance Abuse Center for Study and Prevention of Substance Abuse, Nova Southeastern University Funded by the Byrne/JAG Grant Administered by Florida Department of Law Enforcement

2 Summer 8 Rank* Stable Broward Residents Ages Any Past Year Use (-6) 1.5 % # # 1 # 3 1 % (* In the example above, Broward s rate was second to that for Florida but above the #3 national rate.) Any Lifetime Use (7) 5.9 % # 3 # 1 # Stable Any Lifetime Use (6) 3.7 % # # 1 Stable # Rank* Two-Year Trend Related Deaths # 3 15 % Emergency Dept Reports 7 3,19 # 1 Not Comparable Treatment Admits 1h 7x,37 # 1 Not Comparable Crime Lab Cases 7 6,539 # 1 15 % % R e p o r ti n g U s e 8 6 Age Past year 6-1 Graders Lifetime Deaths X 1 Emerg Dept Treatment Crime Lab 5 6 7

3 Summer 8 Rank Stable Broward Residents Ages vs. 6 Any Past Year Use (-6) % # 3 # 1 # 1 % Any Lifetime Use (6) FYSAS 5. % # # 1 35 % Any Lifetime Use (6) 3 FYSAS.7 % # # 1 9 % # Rank* Two-Year Trend Related Deaths 7 78 # 1 1 % Emergency Dept Reports 7 1,93 # Not Comparable Treatment Admits 1h 7x 95 # Not Comparable Crime Lab Cases 7 6 # 3 6 % % R e p o r ti n g U s e Age Past year 6-1 Graders Lifetime Deaths X 1 Emerg Dept Treatment Crime Lab

4 Summer 8 Rank Stable vs. 6 Any Lifetime Use (6) 3 FYSAS 5.5 % # # 1 33 % Any Lifetime Use (6) 3 FYSAS 3.9 % # # 1 33 % Use Past 3 Days (6) 3 FYSAS.1 % # # 1 Stable # Rank* Two-Year Trend Related Deaths 7 # 9 % Emergency Dept Reports 7 1,693 # 3 Not Comparable Treatment Admits 1h 7x 57 # Not Comparable Crime Lab Cases # 68 % % R e p o r ti n g U s e Graders Lifetime High School Past 3 Days Deaths X 1 Emerg Dept Treatment Crime Lab 5 6 7

5 Summer 8 Rank Stable Broward Residents Ages Any Past Year Use (-6) % # 3 # # 1 % Use Past 3 Days (7) 17 % # 3 # # 1 Stable Use Past 3 Days (6) % # # 1 8 % # Rank* Two-Year Trend Emergency Dept Reports 7 1,369 # Not Comparable Treatment Admits 1h 7x 1,558 # Not Comparable Crime Lab Cases 7 99 # 9 % % R e p o r ti n g U s e Age Past Year High School Past 3 Days 6-1 Graders Past 3 Days ,, 1, Emerg Dept Treatment Crime Lab

6 Summer 8 Rank Stable Any Lifetime Use (7) 1.5 % # 3 # 1 # % Any Lifetime Use (6) 3 FYSAS. % # # 1 55 % Use Past 3 Days (6) 3 FYSAS. % # # 1 Stable # Rank* Two-Year Trend Related Deaths 7 # 76 % Emergency Dept Reports 7 33 # 5 Not Comparable Treatment Admits 1h 7x # 5 Not Comparable Crime Lab Cases 7 1 # 7 31 % % Reporting Use Graders Lifetime High School Past 3 Days Deaths X 1 Emerg Dept Treatment Crime Lab

7 Summer 8 Rank Stable Any Lifetime Use (7) 6.3 % # # 1 # 3 5 % Any Lifetime Use (6) 3 FYSAS. % # # 1 3 % Use Past 3 Days (6) 3 FYSAS 1. % # # 1 1 % # Rank* Two-Year Trend Emergency Dept Reports 7 11 # 6 Not Comparable Crime Lab Cases 7 7 # 5 37 % % Reporting Use Graders Lifetim e High School Past 3 Days Emerg Dept Crime Lab

8 Summer 8 Rank Stable Any Lifetime Use (7).6 % # 3 # # 1 35 % Any Lifetime Use (6) 3 FYSAS 1. % # # 1 7 % Use Past 3 Days (6) 3 FYSAS % # # 1 1 % # Rank* Two-Year Trend Emergency Dept Reports 7 5 # 7 Not Comparable Treatment Admits 1h 7x 3 # 6 Not Comparable Crime Lab Cases 7 1 # 6 3 % % R ep o rtin g U se Graders Lifetime High School Past 3 Days Emerg Dept Treatment Crime Lab

9 Broward Barometer Data Sources Summer 8 1. Data on the prevalence of substance use by Broward County residents aged 1 and above are from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Substate Data for -6 by the Office of Applied Studies at the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration of the US Department of Health and Human Services.. Data on the prevalence of substance use by high school students nationally, across the State of Florida, and from Broward County, are from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC&P) Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey for 7 (YRBSS). 3. Data on the prevalence of substance use by middle and high school students in Florida and Broward County are from the 6 Florida Youth Substance Abuse Survey (FYSAS) by the Florida Department of Children and Families.. Drug-related mortality data were provided by the Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE) Medical Examiners Commission s 7 Report of Drugs Identified in Deceased Persons between January and December Emergency Department (ED) data were derived for Broward County from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). The data represent drug reports involved in drug-related visits for illicit drugs (derived from the category of major substances of abuse, excluding alcohol) and the nonmedical use of selected prescription drugs (derived from the category of other substances ). Drug reports exceed the number of ED visits because a patient may report use of multiple drugs (up to six drugs plus alcohol). Unweighted Broward County ED data for 7 are from the DAWN Live! restrictedaccess online query system. Eligible hospitals in the Ft. Lauderdale Division only (that includes Broward and Palm Beach Counties) totaled 7; there were hospitals in the DAWN sample, and the number of emergency departments in the sample also totaled. During 7, between six and nine EDs reported data each month. DAWN Live! exhibits in this report for Broward County reflect cases that were received by DAWN as of May 16, 8. Based on the DAWN Live! reviews, cases may be corrected or deleted; thus, the unweighted data presented in this paper are subject to change. Data derived from DAWN Live! represent drug reports in drug-related ED visits. The DAWN Live! data are unweighted and, thus, are not estimates for the reporting area. DAWN Live! data cannot be compared to DAWN data from and before, nor can preliminary data be used for comparison with future data. Only weighted DAWN data released by SAMHSA can be used for trend analysis. A full description of the DAWN system can be found on the DAWN Web site < 6. Drug treatment data for the first half of 7 were provided by the Broward Addiction Recovery Centers (BARC) of the Broward County Department of Human Services and are from adult programs (age 18 years and older) operated by BARC in Broward County. Data are not comparable with previous years because of varying samples. 7. Crime lab drug analyses data are from the Broward Sheriff s Office (BSO) Crime Lab from January through December 7. For inquiries regarding this report, please contact James N. Hall, Center for the Study and Prevention of Substance Abuse, c/o Up Front, Inc., 1387 SW 1 Street, Miami, FL 33186, Phone: (786) -8, Visit: 9

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