1 Health at a Glance: Europe 2014 (joint publication of the OECD and the European Commission) Released on December 3,
2 Table of Contents 1.Health status 2.Risk factors for health 3.Health care resources and activities 4.Quality of care 5.Access to care 6.Health expenditure Note by Turkey: The information in this document with reference to Cyprus relates to the southern part of the Island. There is no single authority representing both Turkish and Greek Cypriot people on the Island. Turkey recognises the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Until a lasting and equitable solution is found within the context of the United Nations, Turkey shall preserve its position concerning the Cyprus issue. Note by all the European Union Member States of the OECD and the European Union: The Republic of Cyprus is recognised by all members of the United Nations with the exception of Turkey. The information in this document relates to the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.
3 1. HEALTH STATUS Life expectancy and mortality Chronic diseases
4 Life expectancy across EU countries increased by over 5 years between 1990 and 2012, but the gap between countries with the highest and lowest longevity remains unchanged at around 8 years Source: Eurostat Statistics Database
5 Women live six years longer than men on average across EU countries, but the gender gap is one year only for healthy life years 2012 (or nearest year) Source: Eurostat Statistics Database
6 There are large gaps in life expectancy by education level: in Central and Eastern Europe, 65-year-old men with low education level can expect to live four to seven years less Gaps between people with high and low level of education at 65, 2010 (or nearest year) Source: Eurostat Statistics Database
7 The prevalence of chronic diseases such as diabetes is rising, due to changes in lifestyle and population ageing Prevalence estimates of diabetes, adults aged years, 2013 Note: Data are age-standardised to the World Standard Population. Source: International Diabetes Federation (2013), Diabetes Atlas, 6 th edition
8 2. RISK FACTORS FOR HEALTH Smoking Alcohol consumption Overweight and obesity
9 Smoking among adults has declined across EU countries, but still more than one-fifth of adults smoke daily Adult population smoking daily, 2012 and change between 2000 and 2012 (or nearest year)
10 Alcohol consumption remains too high in several countries; it is 2 times higher in Lithuania, Estonia and Austria than in Italy Alcohol consumption among population aged 15 years and over, 2012 (or nearest year)
11 Obesity among adults has increased in nearly all countries: 1 in 6 adults was obese around 2012, up from 1 in 8 in Data are based on measurements rather than self-reported height and weight.
12 3. HEALTH CARE RESOURCES AND ACTIVITIES Doctors and nurses Medical equipment Hospital activities Pharmaceutical consumption
13 The number of doctors per capita has increased in nearly all EU countries since 2000 Practising doctors per population, 2000 and 2012 (or nearest year) 1. Data include not only doctors providing direct care to patients, but also those working in the health sector as managers, educators, researchers, etc. (adding another 5-10% of doctors). 2. Data refer to all doctors licensed to practice.
14 The number of doctors continued to increase following the economic crisis, but at a slower rate in some countries Evolution in the number of doctors, selected EU countries, 2000 to 2012 (or nearest year) 1. Data refer to doctors licensed to practice.
15 The number of nurses per capita has increased in all EU countries since 2000, except in the Slovak Republic and Lithuania Practising nurses per population, 2012 and change between 2000 and 2012 (or nearest year) 1. Data include not only nurses providing direct care to patients, but also those working in the health sector as managers, educators, researchers, etc. 2. Austria reports only nurses employed in hospital.
16 The number of MRI and CT scanners has increased in all EU countries. Italy and Greece have the highest number per capita MRI units 2012 (or nearest year) CT scanners Note: The EU average does not include countries which only report equipment in hospital. 1. Equipment outside hospital not included.
17 The average length of stay in hospital has fallen in nearly all EU countries, reflecting efficiency gains Average length of stay in hospital, 2000 and 2012 (or nearest year) 1. Data refer to average length of stay for curative (acute) care only (resulting in an under-estimation).
18 The average length of stay for normal delivery has become shorter in all EU countries, but large variations remain 2012 (or nearest year)
19 The share of cataract surgeries performed as day cases has increased in all countries; it is now close to 100% in many countries
20 The consumption of pharmaceuticals is increasing across EU countries, notably for antidiabetics and antidepressants Antidiabetics Antidepressants
21 4. QUALITY OF CARE Acute care for life threatening conditions (cancers and heart attacks) Management of chronic diseases Prevention of communicable diseases
22 Survival for breast cancer has increased in most countries, but remain lower in Poland and Ireland than in Sweden and Finland Breast cancer five-year relative survival, and (or nearest period) Note: 95% confidence intervals represented by.
23 In-hospital mortality rates following heart attack have fallen in all EU countries, reflecting improvements in acute care Reduction in case-fatality in adults aged 45 and over within 30 days after admission for AMI, (or nearest year) Note: 95% confidence intervals represented by.
24 Treatment for chronic diseases is not optimal. Too many people are still admitted to hospitals for asthma Asthma hospital admission in adults, 2006 and 2011 (or nearest year) Note: 95% confidence intervals represented by.
25 and too many people are admitted to hospitals for diabetes, highlighting the need to improve primary care Diabetes hospital admission in adults, 2006 and 2011 (or nearest year) Note: 95% confidence intervals represented by.
26 Vaccination rates against influenza among people aged 65+ have risen in some countries but fallen in others, increasing the risks of complications, hospitalisations and death Influenza vaccination coverage, population aged 65 and over, (or nearest year)
27 5. ACCESS TO CARE Financial barriers Geographic barriers Timely access (waiting times)
28 Nearly all EU countries have universal (or almost universal) health coverage, except Bulgaria, Greece and Cyprus Health insurance coverage for a core set of services, 2012 (or nearest year)
29 The number of doctors varies not only across countries, but also across regions in each country, creating geographic barriers Physician density, by NUTS 2 level, 2012 (or nearest year) Source: Eurostat Statistics Database
30 Unmet medical care needs are reported, mainly among low-income groups Unmet need for a medical examination (for financial or other reasons), by income quintile, 2012 Note: 2011 data for Austria and Ireland. Source: Eurostat Statistics Database (based on EU-SILC)
31 Low-income people are twice more likely to report unmet needs for medical and dental care than the general population Change in unmet medical care need for financial reasons, average across EU countries, 2005 to 2012 Change in unmet dental care need for financial reasons, average across EU countries, 2005 to 2012 Source: Eurostat Statistics Database (based on EU-SILC)
32 Waiting times for cataract surgery have decreased in some countries, but the trend has reversed in other countries following the economic crisis Cataract surgery, waiting times from specialist assessment to treatment, 2006 to 2012 (or 2013)
33 Waiting times for hip replacement have also decreased prior to the economic crisis, but have gone up in some countries since then Hip replacement, waiting times from specialist assessment to treatment, 2006 to 2012 (or 2013)
34 6. HEALTH EXPENDITURE Expenditure Financing
35 Health spending per capita varies widely across EU countries. It is highest in the Netherlands, Austria and Germany Health expenditure per capita, 2012 (or nearest year) 1. Current health expenditure.
36 Several European countries hard hit by the economic crisis have cut their health spending since 2009 Annual average growth rate in per capita health expenditure, real terms, 2000 to 2012 (or nearest year)
37 Many EU countries allocate more than 10% of their GDP to health, while others allocate less than 6% Health expenditure as a share of GDP, 2012 (or nearest year) 1. Total expenditure only (no breakdown between current and capital spending available). 37
38 The share of GDP allocated to health has stabilised or decreased since 2009 in many countries as health spending remained flat or fell Health expenditure as a share of GDP, Data refer to current expenditure (excluding capital spending).
39 Most health spending is publicly financed in nearly all EU countries. On average, almost three-quarter was publicly financed in 2012 Expenditure on health by type of financing, 2012 (or nearest year) 1. The Netherlands do not account for fixed deductable payable by patients (350 EUR per year) as out-of-pocket spending, resulting in an underestimation of the share of out-of-pocket payments. 2. Data refer to total health expenditure. 3. Public spending cannot be split.
40 The share of out-of-pocket payments by patients has increased in some countries after the economic crisis; it has come down in others Change in out-of-pocket expenditure as share of total expenditure on health, 2007 to 2012 (or nearest year) 1. Data refer to current health expenditure.
Definitions and methodology CO1.2: at birth at birth is the average number of years a newborn can expect to live if he or she experienced the age-specific mortality rates prevalent in a particular year.
Marriage rates Definitions and methodology SF3.1: Marriage and divorce rates The crude marriage rate is the number of marriages formed each year as a ratio to 1 000 people. This measure disregards other
Expenditure and Outputs in the Irish Health System: A Cross Country Comparison Paul Redmond Overview This document analyzes expenditure and outputs in the Irish health system and compares Ireland to other
SWECARE FOUNDATION Uniting the Swedish health care sector for increased international competitiveness SWEDEN IN BRIEF Population: approx. 9 800 000 (2015) GDP/capita: approx. EUR 43 300 (2015) Unemployment
Technical Supplement OCTOBER 215 Business Council of October 215 1 Like all first world countries, s population is ageing s population totals 23.9 million people today, and is projected to reach 39.7 million
The State of Oral Health in Europe Professor Kenneth Eaton Chair of the Platform for Better Oral Health in Europe 1 TOPICS TO BE COVERED What is the Platform? Its aims and work The report (State of Oral
Average Health Care Spending per Capita, 198 211 Adjusted for Differences in Cost of Living 3 Dollars ($US) 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 198 1984 1988 1992 1996 2 24 28 * 21 Source: OECD Health Data 213. US ($8,58)
INEQUALITIES IN HEALTH CARE UTILISATION IN OECD COUNTRIES Marion Devaux, OECD Health Division EU Expert Group Meeting on Social Determinants and Health Inequalities, 21-Jan-2013 1 Equity OECD framework
FINAL REPORT ON WORK PACKAGE II Comparing activities and performance of the hospital sector in Europe: how many surgical procedures performed as inpatient and day cases? Gaetan Lafortune, Gaelle Balestat
Hungary s labour market indicators continue to improve Employment rate higher again in Hungary According to the latest data, the positive trend regarding growth in the number of people in employment has
Department of Health, Information Unit, Hawkins Street, Dublin 2, Ireland. Ph: +353 1 6354000 Fax: + 353 1 635 4378 HEALTH IN IRELAND Key Trends 2013 This document is available for download at www.doh.ie
Annual report 2009: the state of the drugs problem in Europe International Conference: New trends in drug use: facts and solutions, Parliament of the Republic of Vilnius - 5 November 2009 Dagmar Hedrich
ISBN 978-92-64-04661-0 Trends Shaping Education OECD 2008 Chapter 1 Ageing OECD Societies FEWER CHILDREN LIVING LONGER CHANGING AGE STRUCTURES The notion of ageing societies covers a major set of trends
The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU 28 2015 James Rogers Cécile Philippe Institut Économique Molinari, Paris Bruxelles TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract 2 Background 2 Main Results 3 On average, a respite
2008 edition Steven Allender, Peter Scarborough, Viv Peto and Mike Rayner British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group Department of Public Health, University of Oxford Jose Leal, Ramon Luengo-Fernandez
2005 edition Sophie Petersen, Viv Peto and Mike Rayner British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group Department of Public Health, University of Oxford Jose Leal, Ramon Luengo-Fernandez and Alastair
HEALTH IN IRELAND Key Trends 2012 Introduction: Health in Ireland Key Trends 2012 1 Introduction Health in Ireland, Key Trends 2012 provides summary statistics on health and health care over the past decade.
HOSPITALS IN EUROPE HEALTHCARE DATA 2012 LIST OF CONTENTS FOREWORD AND METHODOLOGICAL PREMISES - 6-1 HEALTHCARE SYSTEM AND POPULATION HEALTH - 8-1.1 DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS - 8-1.2 FINANCIAL RESOURCES - 9-2
OECD Social Policy Division Directorate of Employment, Labour and Social Affairs Definitions and methodology PF2.3: Additional leave entitlements for working parents In addition to leave entitlements around
92/2015-27 May 2015 Energy prices in the EU Household electricity prices in the EU rose by 2.9% in 2014 Gas prices up by 2.0% in the EU In the European Union (EU), household electricity prices 1 rose by
Please cite this paper as: OECD 2010, Health care systems: Getting more value for money, OECD Economics Department Policy Notes, No. 2. ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT POLICY NOTE No. 2 HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS: GETTING
Multinational Comparisons of Health Systems Data, 214 Chloe Anderson The Commonwealth Fund November 214 Health Care Spending 2 Dollars ($US) Average Health Care Spending per Capita, 198 212 Adjusted for
97 98 99 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 11 12 97 98 99 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 11 12 p p FDI IN FIGURES April 213 According to preliminary estimates, global FDI flows have declined in 212 by 14% from 211 to USD 1.4 trillion
13 th Economic Trends Survey 13 th Economic Trends Survey of the Architects Council of Europe 13 th Economic Trends Survey Breakdown of responses COUNTRY ANSWERS France 1464 Belgium 399 Spain 365 Italy
Division of Health Systems & Public Health Health financing policy: performance and response to economic crisis Tamás Evetovits Head of Office a.i., Senior Health Financing Specialist WHO Barcelona Office
Indicator How Many Students Finish Tertiary Education? Based on current patterns of graduation, it is estimated that an average of 46% of today s women and 31% of today s men in OECD countries will complete
4 Distribution of Income and Wealth 53 54 Indicator 4.1 Income per capita in the EU Indicator defined National income (GDP) in per capita (per head of population) terms expressed in Euro and adjusted for
Appendix 1. Description of the OECD Health Care Quality Indicators as well as indicator-specific information The numbers after the indicator name refer to the report(s) by OECD and/or THL where the data
Rebecca FREEMAN July 2008 OECD Statistics Directorate Division of Structural Economic Statistics LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY INDICATORS COMPARISON OF TWO OECD DATABASES PRODUCTIVITY DIFFERENTIALS & THE BALASSA-SAMUELSON
INEQUALITIES IN HEALTH CARE SERVICES UTILISATION IN OECD COUNTRIES Marion Devaux, OECD Health Division 2014 QICSS International Conference on Social Policy and Health Inequalities, Montreal, 9-May-2014
SURVEILLANCE REPORT Measles and rubella monitoring February 213 Measles and rubella are targeted for elimination in Europe by 215. ECDC closely monitors progress towards interruption of endemic transmission
187/2014-5 December 2014 This News Release has been revised following an error in the data for Gross Fixed Capital Formation. This affects both the growth of GFCF and its contribution to GDP growth. All
NORWAY Key findings Norway performs around average in mathematics, above average in reading, but below average in science. Norway s mean performance in mathematics declined since the previous PISA assessment
168/2014-4 November 2014 At risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU28 More than 120 million persons at risk of poverty or social exclusion in 2013 Almost 1 out of every 4 persons in the EU in this
European Network of Economic Policy Research Institutes THE INFLUENCE OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND FACTORS ON AGGREGATE HEALTH CARE EXPENDITURE WITH A SPECIFIC FOCUS ON AGE COMPOSITION ERIKA SCHULZ ENEPRI RESEARCH
75/2015-27 April 2015 Labour Force Survey 2014 Almost 10 million part-time workers in the EU would have preferred to work more Two-thirds were women Among the 44.1 million persons in the European Union
International comparisons of obesity prevalence June 2009 International Comparisons of Obesity Prevalence Executive Summary Obesity prevalence among adults and children has been increasing in most developed
Facts: Population Facts: Population 6 big nations: > 35 million (Germany, the UK, France, Italy, Spain and Poland). Netherlands: 16 million people. 8 small nations (size of a big city): 8 to 11 million:
Differences in patterns of drug use between women and men Differences in patterns of drug use between women and men Key findings Introduction Cannabis Ecstasy Tranquillisers and sedatives Alcohol and drug
DG TAXUD 95/2010-28 June 2010 Taxation trends in the European Union EU27 tax ratio fell to 39.3% of GDP in 2008 Steady decline in top corporate income tax rate since 2000 The overall tax-to-gdp ratio 1
Education 2009 Adult Education Survey 2006, European comparison Adults in the Nordic countries actively participate in education and training Persons aged 25 to 64 who live in the Nordic countries (Finland,
48 Culture and experience Health Health The health of a population reflects both the lives of citizens and the health system's ability to prevent and cure diseases. With regard to health and welfare, there
Social health insurance in Belgium Charlotte Wilgos & Thomas Rousseau Attachés NIHDI Content History Today Values Organizational overview Financial overview Evolutions and challenges Content History Today
Definitions and methodology SF.: Ideal and actual number of children Childbearing preferences are difficult to measure since they depend on different factors, including social norms, personal circumstances,
SPAIN Key findings Spain s performance in mathematics, reading and science remains anchored just below the OECD average, despite a 35% increase in spending on education since 2003 and numerous reform efforts
FIT AND WELL? HEALTH AND HEALTH CARE Introduction Health care has consistently been identified by the Northern Ireland public as one of the most important social policy areas and its top priority for spending.
Health Care Systems: An International Comparison Strategic Policy and Research Intergovernmental Affairs May 21 1 Most industrialized countries have established hybrid systems in which the public sector,
Indicator to Which fields of education are students attracted? Women represent the majority of students and graduates in almost all OECD countries and largely dominate in the fields of education, health
Document 213108 Table of Contents Page Background 3 Executive Summary 4 Introduction 11 Health Care Funding Models 12 Health Care Costs 15 Use of Health Care Funds 18 Health Care Resources 19 Health Care
Chronic Disease and Health Care Spending Among the Elderly Jay Bhattacharya, MD, PhD for Dana Goldman and the RAND group on medical care expenditure forecasting Chronic Disease Plays an Increasingly Important
PRESS KIT Pan-European opinion poll on occupational safety and health Results across 36 European countries Press kit Conducted by Ipsos MORI Social Research Institute at the request of the European Agency
BELGIUM ***Note- Some results for Belgium published today (3 December 2013) in the PISA 2012 international reports are in need of revision due to a technical error. An erratum is available from the PISA
Australia s primary health care system: Focussing on prevention & management of disease Lou Andreatta PSM Assistant Secretary, Primary Care Financing Branch Australian Department of Health and Ageing Recife,
Policy Brief Tackling Harmful Alcohol Use Economics and Public Health Policy May 2015 Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs OECD s new flagship report examines the economic and public health
How Much Are Teachers Paid? Indicator The statutory salaries of teachers with at least 15 years of experience average USD 38 914 at the primary level, USD 41 701 at the lower level and USD 43 711 at the
Foundation Findings Social situation of young people in Europe 3rd EQLS policy brief When citing this report, please use the following wording: Eurofound (2014), Social situation of young people in Europe,
1 Foreword This State of Health report is the third in a series, expanding on its predecessor State of Health 21 which was produced to support the Health 22 agenda. It provides an overview of trends in
Knowsley Public Health Annual Report Statistical Compendium 2014/15 READER INFORMATION Title Department Author Reviewers Contributors Date of Release June 2015 'Knowsley Public Health Annual Report: Statistical
Eurobarometer INNOBAROMETER 2015 - THE INNOVATION TRENDS AT EU ENTERPRISES REPORT Fieldwork: February 2015 Publication: September 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General
Education at a Glance 2008 NO MEDIA OR WIRE TRANSMISSION BEFORE 9 SEPTEMBER 2008, 11:00 PARIS TIME OECD Technical Note For Spain Governments are paying increasing attention to international comparisons
Single Payer 101 Training Universal Health Care for Massachusetts http://masscare.org What s Wrong With Our Health Care System? (the easy part) U.S. Has Lowest Life Expectancy in the Industrialized World
Cornell University ILR School DigitalCommons@ILR Federal Publications Key Workplace Documents 9-17-2007 U.S. Health Care Spending: Comparison with Other OECD Countries Chris L. Peterson Congressional Research
Health Care a Public or Private Good? Keith Schenone December 09, 2012 Economics & Institutions MGMT 7730-SIK Thesis Health care should be treated as a public good because it is not an ordinary commodity
8 Health and Longevity The health of a country s population is often monitored using two statistical indicators: life expectancy at birth and the under-5 mortality rate. These indicators are also often
Quality health plans & benefits Healthier living Financial well-being Intelligent solutions The facts about rising health care costs Underlying medical costs drive growth October 2012 00.03.966.1-L11 A
Research note 9/2013 SOCIAL SITUATION OBSERVATORY INCOME DISTRIBUTION AND LIVING CONDITIONS APPLICA (BE), EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR THE EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY AND RESEARCH (AT), ISER UNIVERSITY
The Tax Burden of Typical Workers in the EU 28 2016 James Rogers Cécile Philippe Institut Économique Molinari, Paris Bruxelles TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract 2 Background 2 Main Results 3 On average, a respite
LMF1.2: Maternal employment rates Definitions and methodology Data on maternal employment rates are presented both by age of youngest child and by the number of dependent children under age 15. Employment
Statistical Data on Women Entrepreneurs in Europe September 2014 Enterprise and Industry EUROPEAN COMMISSION Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry Directorate D SMEs and Entrepreneurship Unit
PUBLIC & PRIVATE HEALTH CARE IN CANADA by Norma Kozhaya, Ph.D. Economist, Montreal Economic Institute before the Canadian Pension & Benefits Institute Winnipeg - June 15, 2007 Possible private contribution
1 Private health care cost containment and supply-side regulation CMS presentation to the Health Portfolio Committee 2014 2 Contents Introduction Private hospital context Economic considerations Concentration
?? Directorate-General for Communication PUBLIC OPINION MONITORING UNIT 2014 EUROPEAN ELECTIONS DESK RESEARCH Brussels, April 2015 Profile of voters and abstainees in the European elections 2014 INTRODUCTION...
. ESTIMATES OF EU TURNOVER VOLUMES. Turnover volumes by product, allocation and notification (Estimates of EU s, Millions of ) Estimate of the EU % on Turnover Significance of the sample on total turnover
Regional characteristics of foreignborn people living in the United Kingdom By Alice Reid and Caroline Miller, Office for National Statistics Abstract This article examines the characteristics of foreign-born