1 Summary: Apollo Group Greenhouse Gas Inventory (Worldwide) Table of Contents Overview... 1 Boundaries... 1 Scopes... 1 Estimated Components... 1 Calculation Methodologies and Assumptions... 2 Tables Intensity Metrics... 3 Yearly Offset Purchases... 3 GHG Emissions Comparison
2 Summary: Apollo Group Greenhouse Gas Inventory (Worldwide) Overview Boundaries The North American GHG Inventory includes facilities in 40 US states, Puerto Rico, and Mexico. In addition to North American emissions, Apollo Group has begun tracking emissions for its other international facilities. In 2012, Apollo Group tracked emissions in Chile and the UK. The CY2012 chemical boundary includes all six Kyoto gases: carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), nitrous oxide (N 2 O), methane (CH 4 ), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs). In 2012, sources under Apollo s operational control emitted CO 2, N 2 O, CH 4, and HFCs. Scopes Apollo Group s CY2012 GHG Inventory includes emissions from the following categories: Direct emissions (Scope 1) from sources owned or controlled by Apollo: o Stationary combustion sources o Mobile combustion sources o Fugitive sources Indirect emissions (Scope 2) from sources that occur because of Apollo s actions: o Purchased and consumed electricity Other Indirect emissions (Scope 3): o Business travel airline o Business travel rental car o Business travel personal vehicles (reimbursed miles) The stationary combustion emission sources included natural gas heating and water heaters; and diesel backup generators. The mobile combustion sources include a small fleet of vehicles including passenger cars and light duty trucks. In 2012, vehicle AC units were identified as the only source of fugitive emissions. Estimated Components Apollo Group, Inc. occupies approximately 300 leased facilities in the United States. The vast majority of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions data for these facilities is comprised of Scope 2 emissions information. This summary includes significant reliance on estimates for Apollo Group s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for calendar year For example, while the large majority of our emissions are Scope 2, most of which emissions were derived from electricity bill data, a considerable portion of Scope 2 emissions were derived using usable square footage 1 and default electricity intensities (where electricity bill data was not available). Other estimating approaches are noted in the table below. Apollo s goal is to provide a clear perspective on GHG emissions associated with direct utility data, and to apply reliable estimating procedures to other emissions sources. Each year, Apollo has reduced its reliance on simplified estimation methodologies and has improved the rate of direct data capture. 1 For 2012, Apollo Group was unable to obtain actual electricity usage data or usable square footage for 89 facilities in the United States. However, rentable square footage was available for these locations. In order to report indirect emissions from purchased electricity at these locations, Apollo Group developed a factor to calculate electricity usage based on rentable square footage. The factor converts rentable square footage to usable square footage for use in The Climate Registry s Alternative Methodology for Estimating Electricity in Leased Spaces. 1
3 Calculation Methodologies and Assumptions The 2012 GHG Inventory was prepared in accordance with The Climate Registry s (TCR) General Reporting Protocol (GRP), Version 2.0, dated March The data sources, calculation methodologies, assumptions and any deviations from the GRP are noted in the table below. Emissions Source Data Source Calculation Methodology Notes Natural Gas Heaters Utility Invoices GRP, default emission factor Data was prorated in accordance with the GRP Diesel Generators Vendor Invoices SEM 2 No usage information was available; based on fuel purchases Vehicle Fleet Estimate SEM 2 No data available; based on best estimate of miles driven Vehicle Air Conditioning Purchased Electricity- North America Business Travel-Airline Business Travel- Rental Car Business Travel- Reimbursed Miles International Leased Space- Electricity Estimate SEM 2 No data available; based on refrigerant screening method Utility Invoices/Letters from Property Mangers/ Usable square footage 3 BCD Travel Agency and Southwest air miles traveled National, Enterprise, Avis, and Budget Car Rental Internal Expense Tracking System Apollo Global and Apollo Development egrid emission factors; Area Method; Alternative Average Electricity Intensity Method SEM 3 - Alternative Average Electricity Intensity Method using Rentable Sq Ft; GRP default emission factor by country Utility invoice data was prorated in accordance with the GRP 2 In order to reduce the reporting burden while retaining the requirement for complete emission reporting, TCR allows for use of alternative, simplified estimation methods (SEMs) for any combination of individual emission sources and/or gases, provided that the emissions from these sources and/or gases are less than or equal to 5 percent of an entity s total emissions (i.e., the sum of your Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions, aggregated on a CO 2 equivalency basis). Due to the expansion of leased space in Mexico, Apollo s SEMs percentage has exceeded 5% in In 2012, 62% of Scope 2 emissions data was sourced directly from invoices, 4% was calculated using TCR s GRP Area Method, and 34% was estimated using square footage for use in TCR s Alternative Average Electricity Intensity Method 4 EPA Climate Leaders: Greenhouse Gas Inventory Protocol. "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel, and Product Transport." May 2008.
4 Tables Emissions Category MT CO 2 MT CH 4 MT N 2 O MT CO 2 e % Total Scope % Scope 1- SEMs % Scope 2 80, , % Scope 2- SEMs 1, , % Total Scope 1 & 2 81, , % Total SEMs 13.22% Scope 3 10, , International Emissions , Intensity Metrics 5 Metric Carbon Intensity (MT CO 2 e) MT CO 2 e per student MT CO 2 e per million $ revenue MT CO 2 e per 1,000 square foot MT CO 2 e per square foot MT CO 2 e per FTE (including faculty) MT CO 2 e per FTE (non-faculty) Yearly Offset Purchases Emissions Category Renewable Energy Credits (RECs) 8 47,000 MWh 62,664 MWh 68,931 MWh 92,906 MWh Verified Emissions Reductions (VERs) - - 2,830 MT CO 2 e 2,830 MT CO 2 e 5 Emissions used in intensity metric analysis exclude Scope 3 emissions to allow a more accurate comparison with sector peers 6 Average degreed enrollment for FY2012 as defined in the FY2012 annual report 7 University of Phoenix ranked among the top 20 on EPA s list of college and university involved in the Green Power Partnership program. See Apollo Group does not calculate net emissions in relationship to offset purchases 8 Green-e Energy National Voluntary Renewable Energy Credits
5 GHG Emissions Comparison Emissions Category 2009 MT CO 2 e 2010 MT CO 2 e 2011 MT CO 2 e 2012 MT CO 2 e Scope , , Scope 2 93, , , , Total Scope 1 & 2 93, , , , Scope 3 6, , , , International Emissions , , Calendar year 2012 GHG emissions have increased relative to 2009/2010/2011 due to a significant improvement in our rate of data capture and the addition of 3 large facilities in Mexico. The following sources were added to Apollo Group s GHG inventory in 2012: leased space in Mexico and the entire calendar year of Southwest Airline miles traveled. Scope 1 emissions have significantly decreased over time.