Women Organizing for Change in Agriculture & Natural Resource Management. Women s Carbon Standard (WCS)

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Women Organizing for Change in Agriculture & Natural Resource Management. Women s Carbon Standard (WCS)"

Transcription

1 Women Organizing for Change in Agriculture & Natural Resource Management Women s Carbon Standard (WCS) Version: April 2013 Version: April 2013

2 Executive Summary The Women s Carbon Standard (WCS) is a set of project design and implementation requirements that complement existing compliance or voluntary carbon standards. The WCS specifically includes measures to integrate and measure women s empowerment and participation in carbon mitigation projects. The WCS quantifies beneficial outcomes for women, their families and communities. WOCAN s objective is to improve the lives of women in developing economies by incentivizing investments in carbon projects that incorporate standards of women s empowerment into the project development cycle. WOCAN s perception is that women s empowerment can contribute to sustainable development and poverty alleviation. The power of global carbon markets can be engaged to advance these goals. WOCAN believes that the use of this standard, the Women s Carbon Standard, to promote empowerment will ultimately change business as usual in the global carbon markets. Just as the Fair Trade label has revolutionized consumer buying habits, WOCAN sees the potential to drive investments to projects that support women s empowerment. When the livelihoods of women improve, broader economic, social, and environmental improvements follow. ii

3 Contents Executive Summary... ii Introduction... 1 Benefits of Using the Women s Carbon Standard (WCS)... 2 Who Should Use the WCS... 2 How is the Women s Carbon Standard Administered... 4 Implementing the Women s Carbon Standard... 4 Applicability... 4 Project Coordination... 4 Requirements... 5 The following paragraphs provide a brief description of each of the domains and examples of criteria to be measured. Additional details and direction are available in the Program Guide Income and Assets... 5 Time... 6 Education and Knowledge... 6 Leadership... 6 Food Security... 7 Health... 7 Validation/verification... 7 Definitions... 8 iii

4 Introduction WOCAN (Women Organizing for Change in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management) builds women s leadership in agriculture and natural resource management through organizational and individual transformation. WOCAN s vision is of a world where gender equality has been achieved within agriculture and natural resource management organizations, policies, programs and markets, achieving food security and sustainable development. Natural resource systems and local economies benefit when women are included and empowered. An increasing number of governments and international organizations understand the need to incorporate gender into climate change and food security policies, programs and budgets; this is evidenced by increasing references to gender and the need for gender equality in the UNFCCC texts. The decision text on the Green Climate Fund also has strong references to gender. In many regions, women are the primary food producers and natural resource managers, as well as market actors. Working at the intersection of gender equality, women s social and economic empowerment, food security and climate change mitigation, WOCAN has developed the Women s Carbon Standard (WCS) as a means of making positive contributions to each of these important issues. The WCS is protocol designed to be applied to carbon offset projects in order to enhance the social and economic empowerment of women associated with these projects. One of WOCAN s goals is to create additional value to these projects, through the application of the WCS. The objective is to return profits from the sale of offsets back to women and women s groups, creating a sustainable circle of environmental restoration and support for women s economic and social empowerment. WOCAN envisions clear, positive outcomes which would be measured according to indicators of success, represented by measurable activities within six domains listed below. The Program Guide document includes practical information for project design and implementation. Income and Assets Time Education and Knowledge Leadership Food Security Health 1

5 Benefits of Using the Women s Carbon Standard (WCS) WOCAN believes that the use of the WCS to promote women s empowerment will ultimately improve women s lives. Just as the Fair Trade label has revolutionized consumer buying habits, WOCAN sees the potential to drive consumer awareness and investment toward projects that institutionalize empowerment and improve the lives of rural women, their families and communities. WOCAN s WCS espouses three principles: 1. WOCAN will challenge the prevailing public perception of women as members of a vulnerable groups most affected by climate change, thus limiting their opportunities to participate in the market. This will be done by showcasing their roles as entrepreneurs, resource managers and leaders who engage with carbon markets. 2. WOCAN will employ the WCS as a transparent, rigorous, and realistic mechanism that can promote women s empowerment using private sector market approaches. This is a necessary to quantify and value women s contributions to GHG mitigation. 3. The WCS will permit projects that include social co-benefits for women to receive a premium price the carbon market. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) buyers - those companies who pay for offsets to enhance their brand image - are willing to pay more for credits that are generated from projects that have compelling human interest stories. The prevailing public perception of women as members of a vulnerable groups most affected by climate change limits their opportunities to participate in the market and obtain benefits to improve their quality of life. This perception should be changed to enable their engagement in climate change mitigation programs A transparent, rigorous, and realistic mechanism that can promote women s empowerment using private sector market approaches is needed to quantify and value to women s contributions to GHG mitigation. Premium projects that include social co-benefits such as the WCS are more valued in the marketplace. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) buyers - those companies who pay for offsets to enhance their brand image - are willing to pay more for credits that are generated from projects that have compelling human interest stories. Who Should Use the WCS The WCS can be applied by a range of implementers. While users may have differing objectives, the utilization of the WCS will optimize the social and economic empowerment of women in the project marketplace. Potential implementers include: 2

6 Carbon Offset Project Developers Projects can integrate the WCS from the initial phases of project design, or may choose to integrate WCS into existing projects. Carbon offset project developers using any of the current standards (such Gold Standard, VCS, or CDM, for example) may find that through the inclusion of the social component of the WCS, increased value is created for offset. Community Project Developers Working on their own or in collaboration with international development organizations, community-based or non-government organization (NGO) project developers may consider implementing the WCS as a means to quantify the value provided to women and women s groups within the project community. International Development Organizations As more governments and institutions recognize the importance of women s inclusion and empowerment in natural resource management policies and programs, these organizations may decide (and may encourage others) to apply the WCS to the climate and community development projects they fund. Investors and Companies supporting Corporate Social Responsibility portfolios are a natural impetus for the implementation of the WCS and the market penetration of WCSenhanced carbon offsets. 3

7 How is the Women s Carbon Standard Administered Initially, WOCAN will administer the Women s Carbon Standard. More specific details including time-frames, documentation requirements, community coordination and engagement best practices, expectations for specificity and completeness and processes and procedures for administration of the WCS are maintained in the WCS Program Guide. Implementing the Women s Carbon Standard The WCS should be used in accordance with the WCS Program Guide, available on the Women s Carbon Standard website, Applicability The implementation of the WCS begins with a determination of whether the WCS can be used in conjunction with carbon offset project. To determine this applicability, a project implementer shall evaluate: The degree of women s current engagement in existing projects (establishing a baseline, using the six domains referenced in the Program Guide); Opportunities for the project/s to enhance women s empowerment within the scope (project boundary) of the project. Project Coordination The project developer or implementation team should coordinate use of the WCS within the selected project in a clear and transparent manner, taking overall responsibility, providing the requisite capacity to support the women s empowerment activities, completing independent third party validation/verification and maintaining appropriate records, as outlined in the Program Guide. 4

8 Requirements The WCS domains and criteria have been developed through a consultative process with stakeholders that included communities within projects in Asia and Africa, subject matter specialists in gender and carbon project development to form the basic requirements of the standard. Each application of the standard will measure how well a project meets each criteria through the validation and verification process. These are the requirements that will be used to evaluate a project s conformance and to determine how the project has improved the quality of life for women in the community. The women s empowerment criteria fall into six domains: Income and Assets Time Education and Knowledge Leadership Food Security Health The following paragraphs provide a brief description of each of the domains and examples of criteria to be measured. Additional details and direction are available in the Program Guide. Income and Assets The project implementer shall evaluate how the project has increased the income and assets (material goods, monetary resources, land and livestock, etc.) that are accessible to or controlled by women within households and communities where the project is implemented. Specifically, the project implementer shall evaluate if there is an increase in ownership of assets by women resulting from the project implementation and/or an increase in women s ability to generate income, and an increase in women s control of household income and assets. Examples of assets may be money, jewelry, land, trees, livestock, or equipment. The provision of legal rights to women, including that of citizenship can be a key to improving access to income and assets. Conformance can be shown through the provision of women s access to business management and micro-finance services for women (both formal and informal), women s savings and loan initiatives (both formal and informal), and new business opportunities in agro-enterprises. Other activities include skill development to develop projects and proposals for funding, provision of agricultural inputs, support to women s cooperatives and advocacy for women to obtain land titles or certificates of ownership or leases. 5

9 Time The project implementer shall evaluate how the project has improved the well being and productivity of the women involved in or affected by the project (as in within the project boundary). For the purposes of this standard, some ways this can be determined is by measuring and documenting the increase in women s discretionary or leisure time, by measuring shifts in the use of time away from lower-value activities toward higher-value activities, reduction in drudgery (gathering fuel, carrying water, etc.), or the increase in men s sharing of work usually done by women. Other measures could include such things as women s access to electricity, time-saving technologies, and tools (e.g., tractors, biogas, improved cook stoves, water pumps, storage facilities, etc.) that can reduce the time women spend in household and farm tasks. The availability of discretionary time often enables women to engage in activities that increase their knowledge and skills, and develop their leadership capabilities to participate in decision making. It also has health benefits and fosters success in other domains measured in the WCS. Education and Knowledge The project implementer shall evaluate how the project has resulted in women s increased knowledge and skills, as well as the transmittal of women s knowledge and skills to others in the community, within the boundaries or scope of the project. This can be measured by increased access to extension services to enhance knowledge about agriculture, forest management, livestock and health, renewable energy, etc. Other skills include those of basic reading and writing, numeracy, business management, computer and GPS use, and communication. Local initiatives to share knowledge, skills and information and invitations to participate in training and education opportunities and exposure visits to observe successful initiatives in other communities, especially those run by women, can provide strong incentives and positive examples. Leadership The project implementer shall evaluate how the implementation of the project has resulted in increased decision making roles for women within the context of the project itself or within communities within the project boundary. This can be measured through evaluating increases in the representation and participation of women both quantitatively and qualitatively in governance bodies of community organizations (measuring how many women are in leadership roles and how many are active in discussions and decisions). In some areas, quotas for the representation of women in governance bodies may have been established and should be documented. Another measure to be documented is an increase in the effectiveness of women's groups to advocate, manage funds, negotiate and network through leadership and entrepreneurship skill development and coaching. 6

10 Food Security The project implementer shall evaluate how the project has decreased the quantity and quality of food insecurity within households within the project scope or boundary. This can be measured through documentation of increased yields and diversity of crops and vegetables and other improvements in farming systems. Another approach is to measure and document improvements in tools or access to tools, food storage facilities, irrigation systems and farming practices that result in improved crop yields and decreased post-harvest losses, leading to more availability of nutritious foods for women and their families. This indicator is highly dependent on local conditions and the criteria for conformance should be carefully defined during the project design if possible and definitely prior to validation/verification site visits. Health The project implementer shall evaluate how the project has improved the overall health of women and their families and community members within the project scope or boundary. Improvements that can be measured and documented include; improved local or regional air quality, improved local water quality and quantity, and new or improved sanitation services. Conformance can also be documented through improved education, additional health clinics and improved staffing and supplies to existing health clinics. Additional circumstances that can be measured and documented may include: infant mortality rates, maternal mortality rates, rates of anaemia amongst women and local disease rates (respiratory, gastrointestinal, etc.). Validation/verification The WCS was developed to quantify the impact of carbon offsets projects on the quality of life of women in a robust manner that can be monitored and measured over time. Validation/verification is a critical component to assure that projects are supporting activities that result in significant improvements in women s lives. The WCS can be applied at the Validation or Verification stage of a project. A complete table describing the criteria, including; Domain, Outcome, Indicators, and Means of Verification is provided in the Program Guide. Please note that Activities are provided as examples and will vary by project and according to local conditions. 7

11 Definitions Carbon Offsets A carbon offset is a reduction in emissions of carbon dioxide or greenhouse gases made in order to compensate for or to offset an emission made elsewhere. Carbon offsets are measured in metric tons of carbon dioxideequivalent (CO 2 e) and may represent six primary types of greenhouse gases. These include: carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), methane (CH 4 ), nitrous oxide (N 2 O), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6). Carbon Offset Projects A carbon mitigation project refers to a business initiative that receives funding because of the cut the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) that will result. To prove that the project will result in real, permanent, verifiable reductions in Greenhouse Gases, proof must be provided in the form of a project design document and activity reports validated by an approved third party Project Developers (PDs) Any business, organization or community engaged in pursuing Carbon Projects. CDM/Clean Development Mechanism The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is one of the flexibility mechanisms defined in the Kyoto Protocol (IPCC, 2007) that provides for emissions reduction projects which generate Certified Emission Reduction units which may be traded in emissions trading schemes. The CDM is defined in Article 12 of the Protocol, and is intended to meet two objectives: (1) to assist parties not included in Annex I in achieving sustainable development and in contributing to the ultimate objective of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which is to prevent dangerous climate change; and (2) to assist parties included in Annex I in achieving compliance with their quantified emission limitation and reduction commitments (greenhouse gas (GHG) emission caps). "Annex I" parties are those countries that are listed in Annex I of the treaty, and are the industrialized countries. Non-Annex I parties are developing countries. Conformance Compliance with the WCS. Criteria The activities, changes or events which are to be measured to implement a WCS project and to assess the effectiveness of a WCS project. GHG Credit Equivalent to a Carbon Offset. A Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Credit is a unit of value ascribed to a specific reduction (or avoidance) in emissions. (Typically one ton equivalent of C0 2 ). GHG Credits are used by purchasers to offset their greenhouse gas emissions (thus carbon offset ) either voluntarily or for compliance obligations. GHG Project A carbon mitigation project. Existing Carbon Projects Projects under any current carbon offset standard which are already operating. The Gold Standard - The Gold Standard is an independent mechanism for creating high-quality emission reductions projects in the Clean Development 8

12 Mechanism (CDM) Joint Implementation (JI) and Voluntary Carbon Market. It was designed to ensure that carbon credits are not only real and verifiable but that they make measurable contributions to sustainable development worldwide. Its objective is to add branding, a label to existing and new Carbon Credits generated by projects which can then be bought and traded by countries that have a binding legal commitment according to the Kyoto Protocol. Outcome Indicators Categories of activity outcomes which are used to measure the effectiveness of a WCS project. Project Developers (PDs) Any business, organization or community engaged in pursuing Carbon Projects. Project Implementer Any business, organization or community, or its contracted designee, implementing and administering Carbon Projects. Project Proponent The ISO term used to describe the entity which has overall control and responsibility for the project. Also used by VCS and the Climate Action Reserve. Project Idea Note A WCS project developer or implementer must submit an initial Project Idea Note which contains information about the WCS implementation component of the project. Please refer to the Program Guide for details. Verification/Validation - Verification and Validation are independent procedures that are used together for checking that a product, service, or system meets requirements and specifications and that it fulfills its intended purpose. The words "verification" and "validation" are sometimes preceded with "Independent" (or I V&V), indicating that the verification and validation is to be performed by a disinterested third-party. It is sometimes said that validation can be expressed by the question "Are you building the right thing?" and verification by "Are you building it right?" VCS/Voluntary Carbon Standard/Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) The Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) formerly the Voluntary Carbon Standard is a quality standard for the voluntary carbon offset industry. Based on the Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism, VCS establishes criteria for validating, measuring, and monitoring carbon offset projects. WCS Program Guide - describes such things as the principles, procedures, registration, execution, practical application of the WCS. 9

Six greenhouse gases covered by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol are:

Six greenhouse gases covered by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol are: Fact sheet: The need for mitigation United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Along with adaptation, mitigation is one of the two central approaches in the international climate change process.

More information

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Introduction to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard provides

More information

Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions GIIRS Emerging Market Assessment Resource Guide: What s in this Guide? I. Definition: What Are Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions? II. Why Calculate GHGs? III. How to Calculate Company-wide GHGs IV. Outsourcing

More information

A Summary of the Kyoto Protocol and the Marrakesh Accords By James G. Derouin Fredric D. Bellamy David R. Nelson Mark E. Freeze 1

A Summary of the Kyoto Protocol and the Marrakesh Accords By James G. Derouin Fredric D. Bellamy David R. Nelson Mark E. Freeze 1 A Summary of the Kyoto Protocol and the Marrakesh Accords By James G. Derouin Fredric D. Bellamy David R. Nelson Mark E. Freeze 1 The Kyoto Protocol is an outgrowth of the United Nations Framework Convention

More information

SEMARNAT. Towards a Climate Market in Mexico

SEMARNAT. Towards a Climate Market in Mexico SECRETARIAT SECRETARÍA DE OF MEDIO ENVIRONMENT AMBIENTE AND Y RECURSOS NATURAL NATURALES RESOURCES Towards a Climate Market in Mexico WHERE IS MEXICO STANDING? GENERAL CLIMATE CHANGE LAW (2012) Low-carbon

More information

Submission by Norway to the ADP

Submission by Norway to the ADP Submission by Norway to the ADP Norway s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution 1. Introduction Norway is fully committed to the UNFCCC negotiation process towards adopting at COP21 a protocol, another

More information

Project Procurement Standard

Project Procurement Standard Project Procurement Standard Version: June 2008 This document presents the procurement standard for all carbon offsetting projects under the myclimate label. It provides a summary of all applicable standards

More information

10 S TEPS FOR C ARBON C REDIT S UPPORTED PROJECTS:

10 S TEPS FOR C ARBON C REDIT S UPPORTED PROJECTS: 10 S TEPS FOR C ARBON C REDIT S UPPORTED PROJECTS: Mercy Corps supports initiatives that fulfil our development mandate; where these also reduce greenhouse gas emissions we can look for financial support

More information

Making Sense of Climate Change - for businesses and consumers: measuring greenhouse gas emissions ( carbon footprint )

Making Sense of Climate Change - for businesses and consumers: measuring greenhouse gas emissions ( carbon footprint ) 1 Making Sense of Climate Change - for businesses and consumers: measuring greenhouse gas emissions ( carbon footprint ) Anne Ferguson, BSI British Standards Contents 2 Some necessary definitions What

More information

D DAVID PUBLISHING. Voluntary Carbon Market in Turkey. 1. Introduction. Fehiman Ciner 1 and Aydemir Akyurek 2

D DAVID PUBLISHING. Voluntary Carbon Market in Turkey. 1. Introduction. Fehiman Ciner 1 and Aydemir Akyurek 2 Journal of Energy and Power Engineering 8 (2014) 1908-1912 D DAVID PUBLISHING Fehiman Ciner 1 and Aydemir Akyurek 2 1. Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Nigde University,

More information

GLOBAL ALLIANCE FOR CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE (GACSA)

GLOBAL ALLIANCE FOR CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE (GACSA) GLOBAL ALLIANCE FOR CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE (GACSA) FRAMEWORK DOCUMENT Version 01 :: 1 September 2014 I Vision 1. In today s world there is enough food produced for all to be well-fed, but one person

More information

Greenhouse Gas Offsets and Renewable Energy Certificates: Distinct Commodities in an Evolving Market The Climate Trust

Greenhouse Gas Offsets and Renewable Energy Certificates: Distinct Commodities in an Evolving Market The Climate Trust Greenhouse Gas Offsets and Renewable Energy Certificates: Distinct Commodities in an Evolving Market The Climate Trust Introduction The framework for future climate policy is emerging in the United States

More information

Managing Through Measurement: An Overview of Greenhouse Gas Accounting

Managing Through Measurement: An Overview of Greenhouse Gas Accounting Managing Through Measurement: An Overview of Greenhouse Gas Accounting June 9, 2010 Hosted by The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority The Climate Registry A non-profit organization

More information

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Trouble Brewing or a Golden Opportunity? Texas Association of Clean Water Agencies April 3, 2009

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Trouble Brewing or a Golden Opportunity? Texas Association of Clean Water Agencies April 3, 2009 Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Trouble Brewing or a Golden Opportunity? Texas Association of Clean Water Agencies April 3, 2009 Agenda 1. Climate change and greenhouse gas emissions a. What it s all about b.

More information

UNFCCC THE KYOTO PROTOCOL MECHANISMS INTERNATIONAL EMISSIONS TRADING CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM JOINT IMPLEMENTATION

UNFCCC THE KYOTO PROTOCOL MECHANISMS INTERNATIONAL EMISSIONS TRADING CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM JOINT IMPLEMENTATION United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC INTERNATIONAL EMISSIONS TRADING CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM JOINT IMPLEMENTATION UNFCCC BINDING TARGETS The central feature of the Kyoto Protocol

More information

AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH TO CARBON OFFSETTING AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.

AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH TO CARBON OFFSETTING AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. LIVELIHOODS FUND AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH TO CARBON OFFSETTING AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. SINCE FOUNDING ITS FUND FOR NATURE IN 2008, DANONE HAS BEEN EXPERIMENTING WITH NEW APPROACHES TO THE CARBON ECONOMY,

More information

Using the Carbon Market to Provide Financial Support for Coastal Restoration and Protection. fact SHEET

Using the Carbon Market to Provide Financial Support for Coastal Restoration and Protection. fact SHEET Using the Carbon Market to Provide Financial Support for Coastal Restoration and Protection fact SHEET Using the Carbon Market to Provide Financial Support for Coastal Restoration and Protection Coastal

More information

VER+ A robust Standard for Verified Emission Reductions (Criteria Catalogue)

VER+ A robust Standard for Verified Emission Reductions (Criteria Catalogue) VER+ A robust Standard for Verified Emission Reductions (Criteria Catalogue) A. Introduction Verified emission reductions are commonly understood as tradable emission reductions that have been generated

More information

National Greenhouse Gas Inventory System in Finland

National Greenhouse Gas Inventory System in Finland January 00 1 National Greenhouse Gas Inventory System in Finland Helsinki 00 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Foreword Statistics Finland has prepared this description of Finland s Greenhouse Gas Inventory System as part

More information

Project design: Capacity building for Climate Change management in Turkey (Developing the capacity of Turkey to

Project design: Capacity building for Climate Change management in Turkey (Developing the capacity of Turkey to Project design: Capacity building for Climate Change management in Turkey (Developing the capacity of Turkey to participate efficiently in the international climate change negotiations and voluntary carbon

More information

Carbon Projects and Potential Source of Revenue for Microfinance Institutions to Accelerate Renewable Energy Lending in Nepal

Carbon Projects and Potential Source of Revenue for Microfinance Institutions to Accelerate Renewable Energy Lending in Nepal Carbon Projects and Potential Source of Revenue for Microfinance Institutions to Accelerate Renewable Energy Lending in Nepal By: Marco van der Linden, Carbon Finance Advisor: MarcovanderLinden@snvworld.org

More information

[SUBMITTED BY EMAIL TO: secretary@dps.ny.gov] May 12, 2016

[SUBMITTED BY EMAIL TO: secretary@dps.ny.gov] May 12, 2016 [SUBMITTED BY EMAIL TO: secretary@dps.ny.gov] May 12, 2016 Hon. Kathleen H. Burgess Secretary to the Commission New York State Public Service Commission Three Empire Plaza Albany, New York 12223-1350 RE:

More information

Scope 1 describes direct greenhouse gas emissions from sources that are owned by or under the direct control of the reporting entity;

Scope 1 describes direct greenhouse gas emissions from sources that are owned by or under the direct control of the reporting entity; 9 Greenhouse Gas Assessment 9.1 Introduction This chapter presents an assessment of the potential greenhouse gas emissions associated with the Simandou Railway and evaluates the significance of these in

More information

Summary: Apollo Group Greenhouse Gas Inventory (Worldwide)

Summary: Apollo Group Greenhouse Gas Inventory (Worldwide) Summary: Apollo Group Greenhouse Gas Inventory (Worldwide) Table of Contents Overview... 1 Boundaries... 1 Scopes... 1 Estimated Components... 1 Calculation Methodologies and Assumptions... 2 Tables...

More information

Green-e Climate Stakeholder Process Voluntary GHG Project Certification Programs

Green-e Climate Stakeholder Process Voluntary GHG Project Certification Programs VOLUNTARY GHG PROJECT CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS This document provides information to stakeholders about the Gold Standard, a voluntary GHG project certification program. This document is distributed to stakeholders

More information

9 CDM Project Risks and Risk Management

9 CDM Project Risks and Risk Management 9 CDM Project Risks and Risk Management Domestic CDM Project Risks The development and implementation of a CDM project involves a number of complex processes that must be completed in order to have the

More information

Greenhouse Gas Protocol Report for IT Mästaren. Assessment Period: 2013. Produced on June 10, 2014 by Our Impacts on behalf of U&W

Greenhouse Gas Protocol Report for IT Mästaren. Assessment Period: 2013. Produced on June 10, 2014 by Our Impacts on behalf of U&W Greenhouse Gas Protocol Report for IT Mästaren Assessment Period: 2013 Produced on June 10, 2014 by Our Impacts on behalf of U&W Assessment Details Consolidation Approach Operational Control Organisational

More information

Clean Development Mechanism Status and outlook

Clean Development Mechanism Status and outlook Presented by: Neeta Hooda UNFCCC Secretariat Clean Development Mechanism Status and outlook Presented at: UNFCCC Media Training Workshop, Accra, 26 August 2008 1 The Kyoto Protocol Entry into force on

More information

THE F-GAS REGULATION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS IN FIRE SUPPRESSION APPLICATIONS

THE F-GAS REGULATION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS IN FIRE SUPPRESSION APPLICATIONS THE F-GAS REGULATION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS IN FIRE SUPPRESSION APPLICATIONS Mark L. Robin, Ph.D. DuPont Fluoroproducts P.O. Box 80711, Wilmington, DE 19880-0711 Tel: 302-999-5002; Fax 302-999-2093 mark.l.robin@usa.dupont.com

More information

Saša Eichberger (MBA;MSE; CMVP ) WEEC 2014, Washington DC, October 2014

Saša Eichberger (MBA;MSE; CMVP ) WEEC 2014, Washington DC, October 2014 Saša Eichberger (MBA;MSE; CMVP ) WEEC 2014, Washington DC, October 2014 More than 84% of East African households rely on traditional biomass cooking methods - being either an inefficient metal or clay

More information

Using the voluntary carbon market to provide funding for natural capital projects in the UK. 6 th October 2015

Using the voluntary carbon market to provide funding for natural capital projects in the UK. 6 th October 2015 Using the voluntary carbon market to provide funding for natural capital projects in the UK 6 th October 2015 The problem we face Natural Capital Stock of natural ecosystems that provides a flow of goods

More information

IFC Definitions and Metrics for Climate-Related Activities

IFC Definitions and Metrics for Climate-Related Activities IFC Definitions and Metrics for Climate-Related Activities IFC CLIMATE BUSINESS DEPARTMENT VERSION: 2.2 UPDATED: JUNE 2015 Background Climate change is a developmental and business issue. Smart business

More information

B Resource Guide: Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions

B Resource Guide: Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions What s in this Guide: I. Definition: What are Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions? II. Why Calculate GHGs? III. How to Calculate your Company s GHGs IV. Outsourcing your GHG assessment V. What are the next

More information

EXAMPLES OF SUCCESSFUL POLICY TOOLS FOR EMISSION REDUCTION

EXAMPLES OF SUCCESSFUL POLICY TOOLS FOR EMISSION REDUCTION Submission of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Sustainable Building Initiative (SBCI) to the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-Term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA) 24 April

More information

Joint Crediting Mechanism Glossary of Terms

Joint Crediting Mechanism Glossary of Terms Joint Crediting Mechanism Glossary of Terms JCM_MN_Glossary_ver01.0 Emission 1. 1 Greenhouse GHG are those gases of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), reductions or Gases (GHG) methane (CH 4 ), nitrous oxide (N 2

More information

To approve Intended Nationally Determined Contributions of the Republic of Armenia under the UNFCCC according to the following Annex.

To approve Intended Nationally Determined Contributions of the Republic of Armenia under the UNFCCC according to the following Annex. Protocol Decision No 41, 10 September, 2015 Government of the Republic of Armenia On approving the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions of the Republic of Armenia under the UN Framework Convention

More information

Introducing RCC- Asia Pacific & Climate Neutral Now - online platform for voluntary cancellation of CERs

Introducing RCC- Asia Pacific & Climate Neutral Now - online platform for voluntary cancellation of CERs Introducing RCC- Asia Pacific & Climate Neutral Now - online platform for voluntary cancellation of CERs South East Asian Network of Climate Change offices (SEAN CC) Pre COP 21 Workshop Bangkok, 2-3 November

More information

California s Cap-and-Trade Voluntary Renewable Electricity Program

California s Cap-and-Trade Voluntary Renewable Electricity Program California s Cap-and-Trade Voluntary Renewable Electricity Program Cap-and-Trade Overview Outline Purpose of the Voluntary Renewable Electricity Account (VRE) Holding Account VRE Program Requirements Application

More information

Communicating Your Commitment: Your Guide to Clean Energy Messaging

Communicating Your Commitment: Your Guide to Clean Energy Messaging Communicating Your Commitment: Your Guide to Clean Energy Messaging Congratulations on your recent purchase of clean energy from Renewable Choice! Whether you ve purchased green power in the form of renewable

More information

Integrated Emissions Data Management Framework for Government and Corporate Greenhouse Gas Data Management, Modeling, and Reporting

Integrated Emissions Data Management Framework for Government and Corporate Greenhouse Gas Data Management, Modeling, and Reporting Integrated Emissions Data Management Framework for Government and Corporate Greenhouse Gas Data Management, Modeling, and Reporting Patricia A. Hoyte and James D. Johnson Caiteur Group Inc. and Caiteur

More information

Institutional Arrangements For Inventory System in Korea

Institutional Arrangements For Inventory System in Korea 5 th Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia Region Institutional Arrangements For Inventory System in Korea Sept. 2007 By Park, Soon Chul Korea Energy Management Corporation Chapter.1 Overview Legal Institution

More information

Draft Scope 2 Accounting Guidance: What it could mean for corporate decisions to purchase environmental instruments

Draft Scope 2 Accounting Guidance: What it could mean for corporate decisions to purchase environmental instruments Draft Scope 2 Accounting Guidance: What it could mean for corporate decisions to purchase environmental instruments September 2014 Corporate Scope 2 accounting has traditionally been relatively straight

More information

Call for Inputs on the Framework for Various Approaches September 2014

Call for Inputs on the Framework for Various Approaches September 2014 1 Call for Inputs on the Framework for Various Approaches September 2014 The Framework for Various Approaches (FVA): IETA s elaborations on a possible design framework. We have responded to each element

More information

Draft decision -/CP.15. Copenhagen Accord

Draft decision -/CP.15. Copenhagen Accord UNITED NATIONS Distr. LIMITED FCCC/CP/2009/L.7 18 December 2009 Original : ENGLISH CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES Fifteenth session Copenhagen, 7 18 December 2009 Agenda item 9 High-level segment Draft decision

More information

Green Power Accounting Workshop: Concept Note For discussion during Green Power Accounting Workshop in Mexico City, May 13th 2011

Green Power Accounting Workshop: Concept Note For discussion during Green Power Accounting Workshop in Mexico City, May 13th 2011 Introduction As more companies and government organizations prepare greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories that reflect the emissions directly and indirectly associated with their operations, they increasingly

More information

DRAFT REGULATIONS: CARBON OFFSETS. 20 June 2016

DRAFT REGULATIONS: CARBON OFFSETS. 20 June 2016 DRAFT REGULATIONS: CARBON OFFSETS 20 June 2016 DRAFT CARBON TAX BILL: PUBLICATION OF PROPOSED REGULATIONS MADE IN TERMS OF CLAUSE 20(b) OF THE DRAFT CARBON TAX BILL, 2015 Proposed regulations in terms

More information

How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit

How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit 3D EG REES WH ITE PAPER How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit Using on-site and off-site renewable energy to mitigate the impact of greenhouse gas emissions associated with a LEED project s energy use

More information

The Copenhagen Decisions. Submission on the outcome of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long Term Cooperative Action under the Convention under item 3

The Copenhagen Decisions. Submission on the outcome of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long Term Cooperative Action under the Convention under item 3 The Copenhagen Decisions Submission on the outcome of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long Term Cooperative Action under the Convention under item 3 Proposal by the African Group Rev.1 (Copenhagen Denmark,

More information

EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 26 March 2009 (OR. en) 2008/0014 (COD) PE-CONS 3738/08

EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 26 March 2009 (OR. en) 2008/0014 (COD) PE-CONS 3738/08 EUROPEAN UNION THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMT THE COUNCIL Brussels, 26 March 2009 (OR. en) 2008/0014 (COD) PE-CONS 3738/08 V 1043 ER 481 IND 239 COMPET 597 MI 577 ECOFIN 643 TRANS 497 CODEC 1907 LEGISLATIVE ACTS

More information

Supporting Small Alternative Energy Enterprises

Supporting Small Alternative Energy Enterprises Supporting Small Alternative Energy Enterprises Mission contributing to sustainable development by supporting Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) Fields of expertise SME s for sustainable development

More information

CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY DEFINITION & CLARIFICATIONS

CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY DEFINITION & CLARIFICATIONS Corporate Responsibility Indicators (Metrics): Definitions & Clarifications to be a reference for: the WorleyParsons Annual Report, Corporate Responsibility section the WorleyParsons Corporate Responsibility

More information

The role of carbon finance in business plan for clean energy projects

The role of carbon finance in business plan for clean energy projects The role of carbon finance in business plan for clean energy projects CTI PFAN West Africa Forum for Clean Energy Financing (WAFCEF) Lome, Togo, 4 July 2013 Chunyu Liang, Technical Officer UNFCCC secretariat,

More information

Vessels Coal Gas, Inc.

Vessels Coal Gas, Inc. MINE METHANE CAPTURE AND CALIFORNIA CAP AND TRADE. Vessels Coal Gas, Inc. 2016 Global Methane Institute Washington DC March, 2016 1 A nightmarish process, any little help that a government entity can do

More information

A Guide to Woodland Carbon for Business

A Guide to Woodland Carbon for Business A Guide to Woodland Carbon for Business Contents: 1. Investing in Woodland Carbon: an overview 2. Why Woodland Carbon? 3. How much does it cost? 4. Woodland Carbon Code 5. Woodland Carbon compliance 6.

More information

SUBMISSION BY LATVIA AND THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION ON BEHALF OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ITS MEMBER STATES

SUBMISSION BY LATVIA AND THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION ON BEHALF OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ITS MEMBER STATES SUBMISSION BY LATVIA AND THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION ON BEHALF OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ITS MEMBER STATES Riga, 6 March 2015 Subject: Intended Nationally Determined Contribution of the EU and its Member States

More information

CDP7 and OneReport Comparison

CDP7 and OneReport Comparison 24 27 47 KEY Matches data requested within Related to data requested within Not found in and Comparison # 1.1 2.1 3.1 4.1 5.1 6.1 Regulatory Risk Physical Risk General Risk Regulatory Physical General

More information

Accounting rules: the International Debate and National Practices

Accounting rules: the International Debate and National Practices Accounting rules: the International Debate and National Practices 16.4.2015 Global Workshop on Intended Nationally Determined Contributions Anke Herold, Öko-Institut, a.herold@oeko.de 1 Background 2 Kapitelüberschrift

More information

GHG schemes addressing climate change. How ISO standards help

GHG schemes addressing climate change. How ISO standards help GHG schemes addressing climate change How ISO standards help ISO in brief ISO has a membership of 163* national standards bodies from countries large and small, industrialized, developing and in transition,

More information

AUSTRALIA. Submission to the SBSTA May 2013. Views on the Elaboration of a Framework for Various Approaches. I. Overview

AUSTRALIA. Submission to the SBSTA May 2013. Views on the Elaboration of a Framework for Various Approaches. I. Overview AUSTRALIA Submission to the SBSTA May 2013 Views on the Elaboration of a Framework for Various Approaches I. Overview This submission contains Australia s views on the matters referred to in paragraphs

More information

WINGAS PRODUCTS GREEN NATURAL GAS. Climate neutral by carbon offsetting

WINGAS PRODUCTS GREEN NATURAL GAS. Climate neutral by carbon offsetting WIGAS PRDUCTS GREE ATURAL GAS. Climate neutral by carbon offsetting Carbon offsets with vision ur green natural gas is characterized by our global approach: It doesn t matter whether you cut greenhouse

More information

Methodological tool Tool for the demonstration and assessment of additionality

Methodological tool Tool for the demonstration and assessment of additionality CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM TOOL01 Methodological tool Tool for the demonstration and assessment of additionality TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1. INTRODUCTION... 3 2. SCOPE, APPLICABILITY, AND ENTRY INTO FORCE...

More information

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION REPUBLIC OF TURKEY INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION In accordance with decisions 1/CP.19 and 1/CP.20, the Republic of Turkey hereby presents its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC)

More information

EURELECTRIC responses to the invitation in Draft decision -/CMP.5 to make submissions to the UNFCCC secretariat on:

EURELECTRIC responses to the invitation in Draft decision -/CMP.5 to make submissions to the UNFCCC secretariat on: EURELECTRIC responses to the invitation in Draft decision -/CMP.5 to make submissions to the UNFCCC secretariat on: 1. Inclusion of CCS in Clean Development project activities 2. Standardized baselines

More information

Overview of the Role of Renewable Energy in Legal Efforts to Address Climate Change

Overview of the Role of Renewable Energy in Legal Efforts to Address Climate Change Overview of the Role of Renewable Energy in Legal Efforts to Address Climate Change (Presented at the 30th anniversary celebration of Pace Law School s Environmental Law Program) Christopher Rizzo, Esq.*

More information

The state of voluntary carbon offsetting in the FTSE 100. 18 April 2011.

The state of voluntary carbon offsetting in the FTSE 100. 18 April 2011. The state of voluntary carbon offsetting in the FTSE 100. 18 April 2011. Executive summary. This report examines the state of voluntary carbon offsetting in the FTSE 100. Twenty one FTSE 100 companies

More information

The Role of Offsets in a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap-and-Trade Program: Potential Benefits and Concerns

The Role of Offsets in a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap-and-Trade Program: Potential Benefits and Concerns Order Code RL34436 The Role of Offsets in a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap-and-Trade Program: Potential Benefits and Concerns April 4, 2008 Jonathan L. Ramseur Analyst in Environmental Policy Resources,

More information

Carbon Credits: An Opportunity for Forest Landowners. Hughes Simpson Texas Forest Service

Carbon Credits: An Opportunity for Forest Landowners. Hughes Simpson Texas Forest Service Carbon Credits: An Opportunity for Forest Landowners Hughes Simpson Texas Forest Service Carbon and Greenhouse Gases How can we mitigate Carbon / GHGs? Reduce emissions Stop burning fossil fuels Improve

More information

Project Idea Note: Solar Water Heating Fee-For-Service Program in the Caribbean

Project Idea Note: Solar Water Heating Fee-For-Service Program in the Caribbean PROJECT IDEA NOTE (Based on the World Bank s PIN Template, with Some Adaptations) A. Project description, type, location and schedule Name of Project: Solar Water Heating Fee-for-Service Program in the

More information

Greenhouse Gas Reporting Criteria

Greenhouse Gas Reporting Criteria Greenhouse Gas Reporting Criteria Version 2.0 Approved by AMP Environment Leadership Team October 2014 AMP Greenhouse Gas Reporting Criteria 2014 v2.0 (final) - 1-2/04/2015 Document Change Control The

More information

Outcome Mapping Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation

Outcome Mapping Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Outcome Mapping Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Simon Hearn, Overseas Development Institute s.hearn@odi.org.uk www.outcomemapping.ca Outline and aims 1. Introduce principles of OM 2. Give an overview

More information

UN Carbon Market Mechanisms: Business opportunities for the Caribbean

UN Carbon Market Mechanisms: Business opportunities for the Caribbean UN Carbon Market Mechanisms: Business opportunities for the Caribbean Guest Lecture, 9 th February 2015 Department of Business and Management St. George s University Karla Solís, Eng.D. Team Lead CDM Regional

More information

CDM projects must also involve specific elements of public consultation. Information on this is provided towards the end of this page.

CDM projects must also involve specific elements of public consultation. Information on this is provided towards the end of this page. THE CDM PROJECT CYCLE INTRODUCTION All Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects must go through a "project cycle". Some steps in this cycle are the same as for any other investment project - such as

More information

Source: Colombian Biennial Update Report, IDEAM 2015

Source: Colombian Biennial Update Report, IDEAM 2015 Pursuant to decisions 1/CP.19 and 1/CP.20 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Republic of Colombia is pleased to present its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution

More information

Global carbon market Outlook 2020 Market Makers and Market leaders

Global carbon market Outlook 2020 Market Makers and Market leaders Global carbon market Outlook 2020 Market Makers and Market leaders UNEP FI Roundtable, Melbourne Date: 25 October 2007 Produced by: Otti Bisang Outline Carbon market(s) 2020: the future of carbon market(s)

More information

Mainstreaming Gender into CTCN Activities

Mainstreaming Gender into CTCN Activities Mainstreaming Gender into CTCN Activities Training Workshop for National Designated Entities(NDEs) in Europe, Central Asia and Middle East 18 June 2014, Vienna, Austria Hedda Öhlberger-Femundsenden, UNIDO

More information

Technical Note: Glossary of terms

Technical Note: Glossary of terms Technical Note: Glossary of terms This glossary defines terms that may be unfamiliar to those responding to the Carbon Disclosure Project for the first time. Definitions have been sourced from the GHG

More information

FCCC/TP/2013/5. United Nations. Technical synthesis on the framework for various approaches. Technical paper. Summary. Distr.: General 22 October 2013

FCCC/TP/2013/5. United Nations. Technical synthesis on the framework for various approaches. Technical paper. Summary. Distr.: General 22 October 2013 United Nations FCCC/TP/2013/5 Distr.: General 22 October 2013 English only Technical synthesis on the framework for various approaches Technical paper Summary This technical synthesis draws on the information

More information

FCCC/SBSTA/2016/1. United Nations. Provisional agenda and annotations. I. Provisional agenda

FCCC/SBSTA/2016/1. United Nations. Provisional agenda and annotations. I. Provisional agenda United Nations FCCC/SBSTA/2016/1 Distr.: General 7 March 2016 Original: English Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice Forty-fourth session Bonn, 16 26 May 2016 Item 2 of the provisional

More information

https://www.cdp.net/en-us/pages/search-for-the-file+-search.cdproject.net%2frespon...

https://www.cdp.net/en-us/pages/search-for-the-file+-search.cdproject.net%2frespon... Page 1 of 9 English Português Español 日 本 語 中 文 aparsons@anglogoldashanti.com Home What we do Members & signatories Reporting to CDP Reports & data Our partners News & events My CDP Search Results Respondent

More information

Where does carbon come from?

Where does carbon come from? Where does carbon come from? What are Carbon Sinks? Presentation by Jutta Kill SinksWatch jutta@fern.org www.sinkswatch.org Carbon dioxide is a gas that is created when carbon (C) comes in contact with

More information

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Case Study of Development of Data Collection Tool and Calculation of Emissions

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Case Study of Development of Data Collection Tool and Calculation of Emissions Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Case Study of Development of Data Collection Tool and Calculation of Emissions Gaurav Shil Trinity Consultants, 3940 Olympic Boulevard, Suite 400, Erlanger, KY 41018 gshil@trinityconsultants.com

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL, ENERGY AND TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT

ENVIRONMENTAL, ENERGY AND TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency for the District of Columbia POLICY STATEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL, ENERGY AND TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT I. COVERAGE This Policy Statement and its appended procedures

More information

CGD REPORTS. www.cgd.pt. https://www.cgd.pt/english/institutional/

CGD REPORTS. www.cgd.pt. https://www.cgd.pt/english/institutional/ CGD REPORTS > Sustainability 2010 > CAIXA S SUSTAINABLE COMMITMENT 173 CGD REPORTS 2010 CARBON NEUTRALIty CAIXA CARBONO ZERO PROGRAMME www.cgd.pt 174 CGD REPORTS > Sustainability 2010 > CAIXA S SUSTAINABLE

More information

Scope 1 describes direct greenhouse gas emissions from sources that are owned by or under the direct control of the reporting entity;

Scope 1 describes direct greenhouse gas emissions from sources that are owned by or under the direct control of the reporting entity; 10 Greenhouse Gas Assessment 10.1 Introduction This chapter presents an assessment of the potential greenhouse gas emissions associated with the Simandou Mine and evaluates the significance of these in

More information

CLIMATE CHANGE, WOMEN AND GENDER EQUALITY Prativa Karki Kathmandu, Nepal

CLIMATE CHANGE, WOMEN AND GENDER EQUALITY Prativa Karki Kathmandu, Nepal CLIMATE CHANGE, WOMEN AND GENDER EQUALITY Prativa Karki Kathmandu, Nepal Abstract This essay is organized in four distinct parts. The first part of the essay gives a description of the relationship between

More information

Climate Credit Card Innovative Climate Action for pro-active Swiss Organizations

Climate Credit Card Innovative Climate Action for pro-active Swiss Organizations Climate Credit Card Innovative Climate Action for pro-active Swiss Organizations Climate Credit Card for Business Clients a cost-free/highimpact Corporate Responsibility tool How it works: CO 2 Reporting

More information

ChevronTexaco Corporate Energy and GHG Inventory System: SANGEA

ChevronTexaco Corporate Energy and GHG Inventory System: SANGEA ChevronTexaco Corporate Energy and GHG Inventory System: SANGEA Second Annual Conference on Carbon Sequestration May 5-8, 2003 Susann Nordrum Technology Company, a division of Chevron USA, Inc. 2003. All

More information

OVERVIEW of the ETHIOPIA S CLIMATE RESILENT GREEN ECONOMY STRATEGY

OVERVIEW of the ETHIOPIA S CLIMATE RESILENT GREEN ECONOMY STRATEGY FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA OVERVIEW of the ETHIOPIA S CLIMATE RESILENT GREEN ECONOMY STRATEGY Wondwossen Tadesse 1. Introduction Like most countries,ethiopia is experiencing the effects of

More information

December 17, Mr. David Stawick Secretary, Commodity Futures Trading Commission Three Lafayette Centre st St., N.W. Washington, DC 20581

December 17, Mr. David Stawick Secretary, Commodity Futures Trading Commission Three Lafayette Centre st St., N.W. Washington, DC 20581 December 17, 2010 Mr. David Stawick Secretary, Commodity Futures Trading Commission Three Lafayette Centre 1155 21st St., N.W. Washington, DC 20581 Re: Comments of the Center for Resource Solutions (CRS)

More information

Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ethiopia intends to limit its net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2030 to 145 Mt CO2e or lower. This

More information

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 23.5.2014 COM(2014) 291 final 2014/0152 (NLE) Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION on the signing, on behalf of the European Union, of the agreement between the European Union

More information

Intended Nationally Determined Contribution

Intended Nationally Determined Contribution Department of Environment Islamic Republic of Iran Intended Nationally Determined Contribution 19 November 2015 National Climate Change Committee: Iran INDC, page 1 1. Introduction The Islamic Republic

More information

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No /.. of XXX

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No /.. of XXX EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, XXX D... [ ](2012) XXX draft COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No /.. of XXX establishing a Union Registry pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the

More information

Carbon Offsets and Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs)

Carbon Offsets and Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) eq Insights Volume 3/November 2011 Carbon Offsets and Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) The purpose of this brief is to provide a general understanding of carbon offsets and renewable energy certificates

More information

Determining Adequate Greenhouse Gas Emission Estimation Methods for Mandatory Reporting Under the Western Climate Initiative Cap-and-Trade Program

Determining Adequate Greenhouse Gas Emission Estimation Methods for Mandatory Reporting Under the Western Climate Initiative Cap-and-Trade Program Determining Adequate Greenhouse Gas Emission Estimation Methods for Mandatory Reporting Under the Western Climate Initiative Cap-and-Trade Program ABSTRACT Paula Fields and Clinton Burklin, P.E. Eastern

More information

EQT GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS REPORT 2015

EQT GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS REPORT 2015 EQT GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS REPORT 2015 Executive Summary As a responsible investor and owner, EQT is committed to address climate change and reduce its climate impact. Therefore, EQT has decided to annually

More information

Chicago Climate Exchange

Chicago Climate Exchange Chicago Climate Exchange Small Scale Renewable Biogas Offset Project Protocol Small Scale Renewable Biogas Projects The Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX ) Small Scale Renewable Biogas Offset Project Protocol

More information

Institutional investors expectations of corporate climate risk management

Institutional investors expectations of corporate climate risk management Institutional investors expectations of corporate climate risk management Institutional investors expectations of corporate climate risk management As institutional investors, we are major shareowners

More information

INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION: INNOVATIONS AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE

INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION: INNOVATIONS AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE 1 INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION: INNOVATIONS AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE CALL FOR APPLICATIONS Deadline for receipt of applications: December 1 st at midnight - Paris time. L Agence Française de Développement (AFD)

More information

The Clean Development Mechanisms (CDM) What is it? And how can it be used to promote climate protection and sustainable development?

The Clean Development Mechanisms (CDM) What is it? And how can it be used to promote climate protection and sustainable development? The Clean Development Mechanisms (CDM) What is it? And how can it be used to promote climate protection and sustainable development? World Bank Institute Distance Learning Course: Climate Change: An African

More information