1 Educating Entrepreneurs for the world SCIENTIFIC
2 2 contents Educating Entrepreneurs for the World - Editorial... 3 Research Policy... 5 Prizes, Awards and Recognition... 9 Scholarship in the Press - Snapshots Entrepreneurship Research Centre (CRE) The French Corporate Governance Institute (IFGE) Organisations, Careers and New Elites (OCE) Center for Financial Risks Analysis (cefra) Research Centre for Entrepreneurial Finance (ReCEntFin) Doctorate and Ph.D Business School Research Serving Economic Sectors Bookstore Case Collection List of Scientific Output... 50
3 3 EDUCATING ENTREPRENEURS FOR THE WORLD Editorial Over more than a decade now, has been standing as a Business Schol of reference in Europe, and this status of reference is largely the outcome of its project: Educating entrepreneurs for the World, and the quality of its innovative education and research & development activities. Indeed, there is no first-tier higher-education institution whose education is not supported and nourished by a strong research culture and significant intellectual contributions. Research-wise, was in many ways in continuity with the earlier years, and I am very glad to share with you the remarkable accomplishments of Faculty. also marked the endpoint of a successful five-year catching-up period. Indeed, was fully re-accredited for 5 years in fall 2014 by two important international accreditation agencies, EQUIS and AACSB. Both recognized the volume and relevance of intellectual contributions, and its international quality, and underlined the significant progress that has been made since Visiting in January 2015, the French evaluation agency HCERES also praised the research output and culture of Faculty, including a thriving Ph.D. programme. That being said, this continuous progress in research and development should not hide the on-going discontinuities that characterize the industry of higher education in management. Fully aware of the shifting and more constraining French regulations, shrinking public resources, new (mainly private) entrants in the market, new expectations by critical audiences regarding intellectual contributions (from primarily scholarly publications to impactful intellectual contributions ; from rigor to rigor & relevance), and technological transformations (including the digital turn and the growth of big data and computer algorithm that fuel worldwide growth), Business School launched a new strategic plan in September 2014 called NEW TERRITORIES 2020, with globalization, digitalization and performance as its three pillars. For research, new territories are threefold: (1) building and developing three clusters of excellence, namely Lifestyle, Work & Organization, and Entrepreneurship & Growth that address transdisciplinary issues and combine top-level intellectual contributions, innovative educational offers and dedicated business networks; (2) developing knowledge and expertise in and for new territories, i.e. fast-developing geographical zones and fast-developing hybrid domains that cross borders between science and management such as business opportunities related to the digital & robotic breakthroughs; and (3) building stronger cooperation with the local, i.e. metropolitan research labs of both universities and engineering schools, in order to respond to the legitimate ambition of the metropolis, and this includes more ambition in pre-doctoral and doctoral education. In short, NEW TERRITORIES 2020 opens up an avenue of opportunities for researchers, including also relations with worldwide IBM structures, labs, and teams in relation with the Smarter Business School project. Enjoy the reading, Bernard BELLETANTE Dean
5 5 research POLICY Philippe Monin Professor of Strategic Management, Director of Research Research is at the heart of strategies past and present adopted by Business School and will remain so in the future. Of capital added value, research and more generally intellectual contributions are the foundation for both the legitimacy and the international reputation of the School, and they feed the Faculty s expertise to the benefit of participants in s programmes. The Faculty s mission is to create knowledge, to develop new tools and pedagogical innovations, and to spread that knowledge in the form of intellectual contributions, notably academic and professional publications, by using face-to-face, distant and blended pedagogical means, in order to promote the continuous development of international entrepreneurial management skills. Thanks to its scientific activity, the Faculty is able to achieve this mission and, moreover, provide partner companies with precious mechanisms for the monitoring and updating of knowledge. ORGANISATION OF RESEARCH AT The Research Department is responsible for defining the research policy, leading research development and promoting research at. The Research lab, re-evaluated by the AERES in early 2015, consists of all members of the Faculty holding a Ph.D. (95 as of ) and 25 PhD and Post-doc students all employed by. Part of the Research Unit is structured according to five areas of research, each with its own corresponding Research Centre or Institute: Organizations, Careers, and Elites (OCE); Entrepreneurship Research Centre (CRE); the French Corporate Governance Institute (IFGE); the Centre for Financial Risk Analysis (CEFRA); and the Research Centre for Entrepreneurial Finance (ReCEntFin). The research department comprises the director of the Ph.D. programme and doctoral studies. It provides the link between the research VPs or their equivalent and the doctotal school directors at the universities and Grandes
6 6 Ecoles. The main mission of the Director of Research is to lead research management and research development at in liaison with the economic sectors. S/he reports to the Academic Dean. S/he is a member of the Executive Committee. S/he regularly convenes the Scientific Committee. SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE MEMBERS (as of January 1 st 2015) Jean-Luc ARREGLE Strategy and Organisations Riccardo CALCAGNO Economy, Finance and Control David COURPASSON Strategy and Organisations Alain FAYOLLE Director of the CRE The Scientific Committee members are the Director of research, the Director of the Ph.D. programme and two HDR professors, (i.e. accredited to supervise research) or their equivalent [ ] from each Teaching and Research Unit (UPR), who devote at least 80% of their activities to, and who preferably do not hold any other managerial responsibilities within the faculty. The mission of the Scientific Committee is to assist the director of research in defining and implementing the research policy. The heads of the research centres and institutes are permanent guests [ ]. Bernard FORGUES Director of Ph.D. and graduate programmes Christophe HAAG Management, Law and Human Resources Eric FAŸ Management, Law and Human Resources Olivier LE COURTOIS Director of CEFRA Pierre-Yves GOMEZ Director of the I.F.G.E. Ignasi MARTI LANUZA Director of OCE Alexander GROH Director of the ReCEnFin Philippe MONIN Director of Research In particular it is the role of the Scientific Committee to present proposals for: Creation of structural partnerships with economic sectors, in particular the creation of business chairs; Changes to the structuring of research and the Research unit; French and international institutional agreements that are strategic or structural in nature; Relations concerning research and graduate training within the Lyon PRES; The ranking of academic journals; Relations between research and teaching. Cathy PARDO Markets & Innovation François QUITTARD-PINON Economy, Finance and Control Raison d être of research AT At, we deeply believe that both individual and collective research must co-exist. We also believe that collective and organized research in Centres and Institutes has to support and nourish s singular mission: Educating Entrepreneurs for the World. By now, all five Institute and Research Centres are involved with s educational mission. Below is an extract from the Academic Report. Since then, this extract has been repeatedly referenced in all subsequent annual scientific reports: Whatever the strategic priorities, Lionel SITZ Markets & Innovation it must be clear that Business School sincerely believes in the individual freedom of professors in selecting their research interests and managing their research projects. This belief is an integral part of s strategic positioning: that of a Generalist Higher Education institution (the French Grandes Ecoles tradition). Consequently, to all those participating in our programmes we have a duty to guarantee a Faculty which is academically qualified in all disciplines relating to management, and we ensure that nothing is overlooked.. As a result, the faculty can develop its research work autonomously.
7 7 Nevertheless, the Research Policy encourages structured research, particularly by allocating additional resources to two types of groups: the Research Centres and the Institutes. A Research Centre is headed by a scholar who is authorised to supervise doctoral research [The French Habilitation à Diriger des Recherche - HDR]. It brings together scholars from several disciplines, who share an ambitious research programme. An Institute carries the institutional reputation and develops its work at the interface of the academic and business communities and the rest of society. It is innovative in terms of programmes and education, both pre- and postexperience. An institute is run by a group of professors who have succeeded in building an academic and extra-academic reputation through peer-referenced works on an international scale and through multiple references in the relevant media [...]. These research centres and institutes, each from a particular angle, echo Business School s promise: Educating Entrepreneurs for the World. Yet as we mentioned above, research centres and institutes do not constitute the only research activities conducted by the Faculty. Innovation often results from emerging work, led by single faculties and/or professors who organise themselves into informal groups, in disciplinary or thematic fields that may be far away from research centres. The sociology of the science tells us that it is often these marginal or heterodox initiatives which generate the greatest progress. The governance of the research acknowledges and reflects this tradition of dual research. In summary, strong Research Centres and Institutes supported by a recognized collective of scholars should be balanced by individual research initiatives. THE RESEARCH LABORATORY The Research Laboratory is a full part of the Business School facility. It has adopted the primary mission of supporting the teaching of entrepreneurial skills oriented towards reasoned action. It strives for the transformation of institutions and organisations, and the development of capacities for critical, autonomous and conscious analysis. In order to reach this objective, Research has set up five Research Centres that each focus on a particular angle of Business School s guiding principle, Educating Entrepreneurs for the World. The first centre studies Entrepreneurial Processes. The Entrepreneurship Research Centre has examined five priority research topics over the last few years: the study of processes for the creation of innovative activities; organizational entrepreneurship; teaching and the evaluation of the effectiveness of entrepreneurial teaching programmes; the evaluation of public policy in the field of company creation and takeovers, and the dynamics of fast-growth start-ups. The Entrepreneurship Research Centre is managed by Alain Fayolle. The second centre examines governance in relation to the political legitimacy of the entrepreneur. Four main research topics form the basis of targeted work and publications: executives versus management; shareholders versus investors; financial capital versus human capital; business versus society. Thanks to the activity and influence of its Director, Pierre-Yves Gomez, the French Corporate Governance Institute (IFGE) is a major player in research into governance. The third centre is concerned with the political and critical analysis of organizations and management. The Organizations, Careers and New Elites (OCE) research centre was created in 2005 and is dedicated to the political and critical analysis of organizations and management. Three themes have been the subject of study and targeted publications: Organizational change and life at work; Social innovations and managerial alternatives; and Valuation, markets and society. Organisations, Careers and New Elites (OCE) is directed by Ignasi Martí-Lanuza. The fourth centre aims at analyzing financial risk, which is the subject favored by researchers at the CEnter for Financial Risks Analysis (CEFRA) created in 2007 and directed by Olivier Le Courtois. The Center for Financial Risks Analysis attempts to stimulate exchanges between corporate finance, market finance, insurance and risk management. With this fourth centre, Research demonstrates two of its convictions: that the understanding and approach to risk (notably, but not only, financial risk) are at the heart of the entrepreneurial dynamic, and that the relationship between the entrepreneur and risk (notably, but not only, financial risk) varies according to institutional systems. Consequently, a detailed understanding of risk is essential in order to contribute to the entrepreneurial agility of students and participants in programmes.
8 8 The year 2013 saw the birth of a fifth research centre, the Research Centre for Entrepreneurial Finance (ReCEntFin). Headed by Alexander Groh, its major contribution is the creation and dissemination of research on entrepreneurial finance to enhance transparency and mutual comprehension between entrepreneurs and financiers. The Research Laboratory also includes a certain number of researchers whose work is not directly related to the baseline. Indeed, the policy of Research cannot be disassociated from the specific positioning of Business School, which is that of a generalist Grande École. We must therefore offer our programme participants a faculty staff qualified in all the main disciplines in the field of management. As a result, Research professors are able to develop their research work outside the five centres described and within the framework of traditional disciplines, such as marketing, finance, accounting, information systems, strategy, etc. Therefore, Research has adopted the additional mission of supporting research in all the main disciplines required for general higher education programmes in management. publications in The tables below present the research publication statistics for the year. The net increase of academic articles ranked A and B reflects Research focus on producing high quality papers, published in the most selective international journals (see table 1 and list of Academic Journals). Table 2 gives a longer historical perspective. It shows the progress achieved in relation to the successive five-year periods ( ; ; ; ) on the basis of which was accredited by EQUIS. The detailed list of publications can be consulted on page 50 and following. Table 1 Annual STATISTICS on scientific PRODUCTIONS Academic articles in tier A&B journals (2) Including Tier A articles (1) Including Tier B articles (1) Academic articles of other ranks (2) Articles published in unranked journals or trade journals Books Book chapters Sub-total Working papers Published Case studies Total publications (1) Based on the ranking of academic journals (version September 2009) (2) Among the 68 ranked articles (52+16), 55 are ranked in the CNRS List, Economy & Management section (May 2014). Table 2 - Comparison of scientific productions from one period TO another Average Average Average Average Total Articles Books Book chapters Total
9 9 PRIzES, AWARDS AND RECOGNITION PRIX DE LA CHANCELLERIE CHANCELLERIE AWARD Ludivine REDSLOB received the Chancellerie Prize for her PhD thesis during a ceremony that took place on December 2 nd Ludivine REDSLOB defended her dissertation entitled: La construction de l identité professionnelle des contrôleurs de gestion dans un milieu où la performance financière est en quête de légitimité : l armée française, at the University of Paris Dauphine on April 10 th 2012, under the supervision of Henri BOUQUIN, Emeritus professor. Each year, the Chancellerie bestows prizes called the Formal Chancellerie Prizes to reward the academic and scientific quality of PhD theses. These awards are funded by donations and bequests granted to the old University of Paris. The Chancellerie prizes are open to all students enrolled in universities in the Île-de- France region in law and political science, economics and management, medicine and science, arts and humanities, and pharmacy. Doctoral defenses Mar PEREZTS, Assistant Professor in Management and Business Ethics, successfully defended her thesis on February 24 th 2014 at ESCP Europe and Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne University, entitled: Ethics as situated practice: a multilevel study of ethics at work in banking compliance. The members of the jury included Professor Jean- Philippe Bouilloud (ESCP Europe) her supervisor; Jean-François Chanlat (Université Paris Dauphine), Eric Faÿ (), the external examiners ; Ghislain Deslandes (ESCP Europe), Hervé Corvellec (Lund University Sweeden), and Anne Gratacap (Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne). Bertrand TAVIN, Assistant Professor in Finance, successfully defended his doctoral thesis on November 7 th 2013 at Université Paris 1 - Panthéon Sorbonne, entitled: Essays in Options Theory. The members of the jury were Professor Jean-Paul LAURENT (Université Paris 1 - Panthéon Sorbonne) president; Professor Olivier LE COURTOIS ( Business School), external examiner; Distinguished Professor Patrice PONCET (ESSEC Business School), thesis supervisor; and Professor Jean-Luc PRIGENT (Université de Cergy-Pontoise), external examiner.
10 10 BEST PAPER AWARD Sophie MICHEL, doctoral student under the supervision of Catherine PARDO () and Ignasi MARTI-LANUSA (), was awarded the Etienne Thil Prize for her paper entitled La survie des intermédiaires face au circuit court : le cas des grossistes en fruits et légumes during the 16 th Etienne Thil Conference that took place on October 2 nd -4 th 2013 in Paris (ESCP Europe). The Etienne Thil Prize recognizes the work of young scholars. Nominations Michel PHAN, Professor of Luxury Marketing at S Asian Campus, was nominated Editor in Chief of Luxury Research Journal, published by Inderscience Publishers (formerly Luxury Intelligence: an international Journal). INTERNATIONALISATION AND INNOVATION AWARD Monica GROSSO, Assistant Professor in Marketing & Retail at, received the internationalization and innovation award from SDA Bocconi for her research on consumer behavior. This award recognizes her work conducted with the Channel and Retail Academy and sponsored by IBM. Monica GROSSO has been studying consumer behavior in 15 different countries in order to better understand the factors that determine final purchasing decisions in a specific store. Pablo MARTIN DE HOLAN, Professor of Strategy and Entrepreneurial Management and Director of the International MBA, became Associate Editor of Journal of Management Inquiry. He will act as a standard editor, and also run and expand two sections that are particular to this journal: essays and non-traditional research. HDR Soutenances Christiane PRANGE successfully defended her Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches on 29 th November 2013 at the University Jean Moulin Lyon 3. Entitled Ambidextrous strategies. How Companies manage Paradoxes, Learning and Innovation on a Global Scale. The jury was composed of the professors Ulrike MAYRHOFER (Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3), Pervez GHAURI (King s College, London), Stefan SCHMID (ESCP Europe, Berlin), Catherine THOMAS (Université de Nice), Jean-Fabrice LEBRATY (Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3) and Bill McKELVEY (UCLA). Lionel SITZ succesfully defended his Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches on 6 th December at University Paris Sud. Entitled Comment le marché se (dé)fait. The jury was composed of the professors Dominique ROUX (Université Paris Sud), Bernard COVA (Université Kedge Marseille), Kristine De Valck (HEC Paris), Philippe ROBERT-DEMONTROND (Université de Rennes), Christophe BENAVENT (Université Paris Ouest), Richard Ladwein (Université de Lille) et Gilles MARION (Professeur émérite ). Véronique BOUCHARD successfully defended her Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches on 24 th January at the Université de Reims Champagne Ardennes. Entitled Entrepreneuriat organisationnel et auto-organisation dans l entreprise : un cas de fertilisation croisée. The jury was composed of the professors Martino NIEDDU (Université Reims Champagne Ardennes), Claire AUPLAT (Novancia Business School), Valérie FRANCOIS (Université Lille 1), Caroline VERZAT (Novancia Business School), Alain FAYOLLE ( Business School), Emile MICHEL-HERNANDEZ (Université Reims Champagne-Ardennes).
11 11 TRIBUTE TO ULRICH WASSMER, Business School is deeply saddened by the death of our friend and colleague Ulrich Wassmer. After months of a courageous fight against cancer, Uli passed away shortly before Christmas 2014 at the shockingly young age of 44. Uli was an Associate Professor of Strategy at Business School and was deeply involved in Ph.D. programme. He will be sorely missed. Uli was a great scholar, advancing our knowledge on interorganisational collaboration. In particular, he showed that for alliances to create value, they need to fit with the focal firm s prior set of alliances (the portfolio perspective ). Recently, he applied his knowledge to the pressing issue of environmental collaborations. Uli was highly regarded in the research community, holding an elected position in the Strategic Management Society (Cooperative Strategies SIG), and serving on the editorial board of the Journal of Management. He was very well published and cited. Uli was also a superb teacher who devised great learning outcomes for his students, drawing from both his business experience as a consultant and his scholarly expertise. He cared deeply for his students, who liked his classes a lot. While at Concordia University, Uli won the JMSB Dean s Award for Teaching Excellence. Our Ph.D. programme benefitted a lot from his ideas. Just a month before passing away, he had sent me a wonderfully crafted syllabus for a new seminar aimed at enhancing the Ph.D. research toolbox. A citizen of the world, Uli was born and raised in Germany, where he graduated with a degree in industrial engineering (Diplom-Wirtschaftsingenieur) in 1994, moved to the USA for his MBA and came back to work as a consultant in Germany and then England. He was awarded his Ph.D. in Spain in 2007 and married an Italian woman, before getting his first academic job in Canada and eventually joining us in France in We benefitted a great deal from his intercultural skills, open-mindedness and eagerness to meet people... not to mention his polyglotism: he spoke five languages. It was a real pleasure to have Uli around. He was always very kind and full of humor, extremely smart and willing to help, full of energy. He was also very modest: I only learned about many of his achievements after he died, while talking to colleagues who were as shocked as I was. Many shared stories, both personal and professional. We remembered the time he rode his bike all the way from his German hometown to Lyon and marvelled at the number of working papers he was coauthoring at the time of his death Uli fought his battle against cancer with immense courage and dignity. Always the true scientist, he studied the literature and followed recommendations for increasing one s chances, listening to doctors and adjusting his diet. I will remember Uli as a very smart scholar, full of energy and ideas to improve our Ph.D. programme. I will miss Uli s kindness and humor. I will also regret having had so little time to be with him. My thoughts are with his family: his wife Cristina and their two little boys Dario and Fabio, all three way too young to be deprived of him, and with his mother. (Bernard Forgues, Director PhD programme)
12 12 SCIENTIFIC Report New FACULTY From left to right Corinne BERNEMAN - Bruno COURBON - Gilles NEUBERT - Jean-Pascal BRIVADY - Christian FRIEDEMANN - Jean-louis MAGAKIAN - Olivier BACHELARD Markets and Innovation Corinne BERNEMAN Senior Pedagogical Coordinator Her expertise includes strategic marketing, international marketing and services marketing, with a strong interest in cultural marketing and sustainable development. She has written articles in international academic journals such as the Journal of Arts Management, Law and Society, Economia della cultura, Journal of Cleaner Production. Bruno COURBON Senior Pedagogical Coordinator His expertise includes marketing, market survey and communication. He is now in charge of all marketing courses for the B.B.A. Gilles NEUBERT Professor of Operation Management His research focuses on activities contributing to interenterprise relationships and their impact on value creation and the development of territories. He has written articles in international academic journals such as the International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, International Journal of Information Technology and Management, International Journal of Production Economics, Production Planning and Control, etc. His teaching areas are production and operations management, and lean management. Economics, Finances and Control Jean-Pascal BRIVADY Senior Lecturer in Finance Before starting his academic career, he held several positions as an internal auditor, CFO, and financial analyst on the European equity market. From 2010 he has regularly taught at as adjunct Faculty to executive, as well as to graduate, students. His teaching areas include corporate finance and financial markets. Strategy and Organisation Christian FRIEDEMANN Affiliate Professor in Entrepreneurship Before starting his academic career, he held several positions - Consultant with Siemens AG and CEO of companies Tenovis Comergo GmbH, Stuttgart, Bullith Batteries AG, Ismaning/Munich and Monios Business Amplification GmbH, Munich Lyon. His teaching areas include strategic change management, strategic innovation and business models and entrepreneurship. Jean-Louis MAGAKIAN Affiliate Professor in Entrepreneurship Before starting an academic career, he held different positions, such as Sales Manager, Consultant in Strategy and Finance, and interim CEO. His research areas focus on organisational cognition (role of language, sense-making and strategic thinking), activity theory, Russian psychology and philosophy of language, and finally video-technology in qualitative research. Management, Law and Human Resources Olivier BACHELARD Affiliate Professor of Human Resource Management Olivier BACHELARD held various programme responsibilities at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure de la Sécurité Sociale and in the former ESC Saint-Etienne group. His research focuses on psychosocial risks at work. In 2008, he created and co-directed the Chair Santé et Sécurité au Travail. He has written several articles in national academic journals and numerous books and chapters.
13 13 SCIENTIFIC Report SCHOLARSHIP IN THE PRESS - SNAPSHOTS 3 RD EDITION OF THE FORUM DES DIRIGEANTS MANAGEMENT FORUM The third edition of the Forum des Dirigeants was held at on the 12 th June 2014 and featured discussions and debates led by graduates of the AMP/ CPA programme and FOREVER on the theme: Bousculons les idées reçues... vers un management humain 3.0? ( Breaking with tradition towards human management 3.0? ). The Forum des Dirigeants is a special event because it brings together teachers and entrepreneur-managers, thus allowing the academic AND operational perspectives to be analysed together. More than one hundred entrepreneurs from the Rhône-Alpes region took part in the round-table discussions in order to inspire and share their experiences with conference speakers and managers. Video report on the event: Harvard Business Review France Harvard Business Review France officially launched its website in January 2014: fr. Three professors at regularly publish chronicles and essays: Pierre-Yves GOMEZ, David COURPASSON and Christophe HAAG. COURPASSON, David Le manager empêche de bien faire son travail. Harvard Business Review - France: 3 P. The event was introduced by Denis PAYRE, founder of companies Business Object and Kiala, the Croissance Plus association, and President of the Nous Citoyens political movement. He also shared his experiences and set out his vision of entrepreneurship in France today. The event brought together ten different speakers - professors from Business School and renowned business managers - who shared their personal experiences during the following round-table discussions: Les transformations de la distribution en BtoB (How distribution is evolving in BtoB) with Catherine PARDO La résistance au travail chez les managers (Managers and resistance at work) with David COURPASSON La place du gratuit chez les managers (Managing donations and gifts) with Pierre-Yves GOMEZ L effectuation, processus entrepreneurial pour manager innovateur (Implementation: an entrepreneurial process for innovative management) with Philippe SILBERZAHN COURPASSON, David Le néomanagement engendre la souffrance des cadres dans l indifférence générale. Harvard Business Review - France. COURPASSON, David Sommes-nous tous des subalternes au travail? Harvard Business Review - France: 4 P. GOMEZ, Pierre-Yves Emancipons les managers de la machine à reporting! Harvard Business Review - France. HAAG, Christophe Dirigeants, suivez votre GPS intérieur. Harvard Business Review - France.
14 14 SCIENTIFIC Report United Nations Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights Agnès NAIRN contributed to the recent report from the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights, entitled Promotion and protection of human rights: human rights questions, including alternative approaches for improving the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms. EDUCATING ENTREPRENEURS FOR THE WORLD LE PROBLÉMATIQUE PASSAGE DES INTENTIONS D ENTREPRENDRE À L ACTION Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Résultats 2013 GEM Le problématique PASSAGE des intentions d entreprendre à l ACTION, résultats 2013 SHRUM, L. J., LOWREY, Tina M., NAIRN, Agnès, Et. Al Materialism: The good, the bad and the ugly. Journal of Marketing Management, [Forthcoming]. NAIRN, Agnès The First Stage: Childhood. In HAMILTON, Kathy, DUNNETT, Susan & PIACENTINI, Maria: Vulnerable Consumers: Conditions, contexts and characteristics. Routledge [Forthcoming]. Abstract_1_GEM_2013/ LE GRAND DEFI The Grand Défi de la Création d Entreprise (Business Start Up Challenge) took place on the 29 th January 2014 at the Palais Brongniart. Organised by the French Chamber of Commerce in partnership with BPI France, Business School, Entreprendre et Innover, l Opinion and Viadeo, the event aimed to highlight new sources of support available for business start ups. Alain FAYOLLE, Professor of Entrepreneurship at, was amongst the project testers. There was also political support for the event, notably from Najat VALLAUD-BELKACEM, then Minister for Women s Rights and government spokesperson. En partenariat avec Le Grand Défi de la Création dʼentreprise summary from the report Quoi? 4 équipes composées de personnalités politiques vont travailler avec 4 porteurs de projet de création pour concevoir 4 business models innovants. Chaque équipe pitchera le business model retenu devant un panel d entrepreneurs, d investisseurs et de médias. In the present report, the Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights considers the impact commercial advertising and marketing practices have on Quand the enjoyment et où? of cultural rights, with a particular focus on freedom of 29 janvier 2014 thought, opinion and expression, cultural diversity Au Palais Brongniart and ways entrée par la of rue life, Notre-Dame-des-Victoires, the rights en face of du children n 40 with respect to education M Bourse Sortie Notre-Dame- des-victoires and leisure, academic and artistic freedom and the right to participate in cultural life and to enjoy the arts. Pourquoi? Faire mieux appréhender la réalité de la création d une entreprise à des personnalités politiques en leur faisant tester en direct une méthode innovante de définition de Examining new trends in advertising and marketing strategies, the Special Rapporteur is concerned by the increasingly blurred line between commercial advertising Contribuer and à la cause other nationale de content, l entrepreneuriat en especially montrant aux futurs in porteurs the de projet areas qu entreprendre of culture n est pas si compliqué. and education. business model. Exposer les différences entre l intention d entreprendre et le passage à l action. An overall concern relates to the disproportionate Dresser un panorama presence de l entrepreneuriat of commercial en France. advertising and marketing in public spaces, the myriad advertisements and marketing messages Entreprendre, ce people nʼest pas si compliqué receive! Et si daily, quelques outils the simples dissemination nous permettaient de passer of dʼune such «intention communications entrepreneuriale» parmi la plus élevée au monde à une «action entrepreneuriale» aussi forte? using a large variety of media in a systematic and integrated way and the resort to techniques aimed at circumventing individual rational decision-making. The report concludes that States should protect people from undue levels of commercial advertising and marketing while increasing the space for not-for-profit expressions. Within the framework of article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and based on the view that commercial messaging may be granted less protection than other forms of speech, the Special Rapporteur recommends that States regulate the area more effectively. Of particular note is the recommendation to ban all commercial advertising and marketing in public and private schools. 1
15 15 ENTREPRENEURSHIP RESEARCH CENTRE (CRE) The Entrepreneurship Research Centre (CRE) was created in 2005 and is directed by Alain Fayolle, Professor of Entrepreneurship. It groups together twelve researchers of seven different nationalities and half a dozen Doctoral and PhD students Alain FAYOLLE Director of the CRE It is continuing the work initiated twenty years ago at, notably via the Génération Entrepreneurs Chair and latterly the Rodolphe Mérieux Chair, both of which were financed by Alain Mérieux. It also manages the international and comparative GEM (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor) study, of which Business School is the French representative. The Entrepreneurship Research Centre teams make use of a number of paradigms, approaches and different sensitivities, to explore in depth our understanding of every facet of entrepreneurial activity in organizations. In keeping with previous years, key events in the year included the publication of four books, the defense of two doctorate theses (Amira BEN SALA and Imen BEN SALA), the organization of several internal and external workshops, and the further development of international collaborations, notably STEP, GEM and ASTEE. In memoriam, Emeran NZIALI Business School is deeply saddened by the death of our friend and colleague Emeran Nziali. After months of a courageous fight against cancer, Emeran passed away on the 18th November 2014 at the shockingly young age of 37. Before starting at as a Post-doc student at the Entrepreneurship Research Centre, Emeran had defended his dissertation in economics, entitled: Les théories contemporaines de l entrepreneuriat et la performance macroéconomique : une perspective sur l innovation et la distribution de la taille des firmes under the supervision of Prof. Bruno AMABLE (University Paris 1). Emeran worked closely with Alain FAYOLLE. Specifically, he had been very active in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor project. On behalf of the team, he had attended the GEM Annual Meetings in Santiago and Kuala Lumpur, directed the empirical investigations and co-authored several reports. Emeran Nziali was an energetic and promising young researcher and his passing is a great loss to the community. Our thoughts are with his family: his wife Caroline and their two little children, all three way too young to be deprived of him, and with his parents and relatives.
16 16 SCIENTIFIC Report Focus on international collaborations ASTEE The ASTEE project was co-founded by the European Coommunity, the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) that took place from December 2012 until June Professor Alain FAYOLLE was part of the 7-member project partners. The ASTEE project (Assessment Tools and indicators for Entrepreneurship Education) was initiated as a result of a recognised need for impact assessment of entrepreneurship education at different levels of education. It was the aim of the project to develop measurement tools for assessing entrepreneurial skills, knowledge, attitudes and mindsets among pupils and students, and the goal going forward is to implement these tools across educational institutions in Europe. It is by providing access to such necessary measurement tools that discussion and action to further improve and disseminate entrepreneurship education on a larger scale across Europe will be stimulated. STEP PROJECT and the Entrepreneurship Research Centre have been invited to take part in the international project, STEP (Successful Transgenerational Entrepreneurship Practices). Founded in 2005 by Babson College in collaboration with six academic affiliates in Europe, the STEP Project is a global applied research initiative that explores the entrepreneurial process within business families and generates solutions that have immediate application for family leaders. Celina SMITH, Assistant Professor in Entrepreneurship, Myriam LYagouBI, Associate Professor of Finance, Head of Specialised Master in Corporate Finance, and Alain FAYOLLE will convene the next STEP meeting at on May 27 th 2015, with the EIASM workshop on Family Business to follow from May th.
17 17 SCIENTIFIC Report Doctoral defenses Amira BEN SALA defended her doctoral thesis in Management Science on December 17 th, 2013 at Jean Moulin - Lyon 3 University, supervised by Alain FAYOLLE, entitled Contribution à la compréhension de l impact de l accompagnement sur le développement de la perception des compétences entrepreneuriales : Etude de Réseau Entreprendre. Presided over by Isabelle ROYER (Lyon 3 University), the jury members were: Lassaâd MEZGHANI (Carthage University, Tunisia), Emile-Michel HERNANDEZ (Reims Champagne Ardenne University), Lotfi BELKACEM (Sousse University, Tunisia) and Nelly SCHUTZ (AgroSup Dijon). Imen BEN SALA defended her doctoral thesis in Management Science on December 17 th, 2013 at Jean Moulin - Lyon 3 University, supervised by Alain FAYOLLE, entitled Contribution à la compréhension de l impact des expériences d accompagnement entrepreneurial sur la dynamique de l apprentissage expérientiel et le changement des comportements des accompagnateurs : Cas du Réseau Entreprendre. Presided over by Isabelle ROYER (Lyon 3 University), the jury members were: Lassaâd MEZGHANI (Carthage University, Tunisia), Emile-Michel HERNANDEZ (Reims Champagne Ardenne University), Lotfi BELKACEM (Sousse University, Tunisia) and Nelly SCHUTZ (AgroSup Dijon). Bookstore FAYOLLE, Alain & WRIGHT, Mike How To Get Published In The Best Entrepreneurship Journals. Edward Elgar. FAYOLLE, Alain & REDFORD, Dana T Handbook On The Entrepreneurial University. Edward Elgar. SILBERZAHN, Philippe Effectuation: Les principes de l entrepreneuriat pour tous. Pearson. FAYOLLE, Alain Handbook of Research On Entrepreneurship: What We Know and What We Need to Know. Edward Elgar.
18 18 SCIENTIFIC Report CONFERENCES AND SEMINARS (SELECTION) Entretiens JACques Cartier In November 2013, the Entrepreneurship Research Centre co-organized and led the workshop Nouvelles avenues en soutien au développement de l entrepreneuriat et des dirigeants de PME (incluant les PME familiales) - études de cas d innovations structurantes et regards académiques ; Regards croisés France-Québec. The seminar series: the eship Talks Co-organised by Brice Dattée and Celina Smith, Assistant Professors in Entrepreneurship, the eship Talks research seminars provide a forum for discussion about ongoing research work. The editorial line adopts a fairly broad definition of entrepreneurship in order to stimulate exchanges at the intersections of several disciplines, such as innovation management, organisation theory, strategy and finance. During the year, a dozen researchers from ten or so foreign universities brought their expertise to the following debates and themes: What s interesting in Entrepreneurship Research? Prof.Dr. Hermann FRANK WU Small Business Management and Entrepreneurship Industry Rivalry and Inattention to Threats: a Study of the Banking Crisis Prof. K SONPAR & F PAZZAGLIA& P MARTIN DE HOLAN Smurfit School of Business (Dublin) & Business School How entrepreneurs in family business respond to environmental jolts: a study of brinkmanship behavior Prof. Celina SMITH Business School What do entrepreneurs talk about when they talk about failure? Prof. Bill GARTNER Californian Lutheran University, USA Scale and scope of organizing: Insights from the palliative care in Kerala Pr Philippe MONIN Business School Instrumental & Symbolic benefits in Entrepreneurship and Identity-based analysis Prof. Marc GRUBER EPFL, Switzerland Policy risk, strategic decisions and contagion effects: firm-specific considerations Prof. Caterina MOSCHIERI IE Business School, Spain From Alliance to Acquisition: A Bilateral, Multi-Stage and Multi-Level Process Analysis of Transitional Governance Trajectories Prof. Anoop MADHOC Schulich School of Business, Canada Does Entrepreneurship Education move the Needle? The Cognitive Developmental Trajectory Pr Norris KRUEGER Boise State University (Idaho - USA) Family entrepreneurial teams and the family (in) business Pr Allan DISCUA CRUZ University of Lancaster (UK)
20 20 THE FRENCH CORPORATE GOVERNANCE INSTITUTE (IFGE) Pierre-Yves GOMEZ Director of the IFGE The French Corporate Governance Institute was created by Pierre-Yves Gomez, who is its director. It focuses on four areas of research: directors versus executives, shareholders versus investors, financial capital versus human capital, and business versus society. With 18 researchers coming from diverse institutions, the Institute has become a leading research centre on these issues. The team includes researchers from Research, doctoral researchers who work on their theses under the management of IFGE researchers, associates, and university or management school professor-researchers involved in IFGE work. With its scientific production and training activities and its role in society as a whole, the IFGE fulfils all the criteria of an institute at Business School. BOOKstore GOMEZ, Pierre-Yves & KORINE, Harry Strong Managers, Strong Owners: Corporate Governance and Strategy. Cambridge University Press The family firm preparing generational change, the partnership that welcomes new partners, and the shareholders of a firm that chooses to go public are making decisions that will have an impact on strategy and management. Conversely, a change in strategy such as a move to diversify or a decision to take on more risk in a business can make the firm more attractive to some shareholders and less attractive to others and is therefore not ownership neutral. Opening the black box of agency theory, Harry Korine, Associate Professor at Insead and London Business School and Associate Research at IFGE, and Pierre-Yves Gomez show how management and ownership interact to shape the strategy of the firm. In their view, the critical question to ask is not what is the best strategy, but rather, who is the strategy for? With numerous detailed examples, Strong Managers, Strong Owners is an invaluable resource for company owners, board members and executives, as well as their advisors in strategy and governance.
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