1 Imaging, Workflow and OCR: The Road to AP Productivity
2 Agenda Ryerson Background and Challenges Best Practices in AP Processing Ryerson Benefits of Imaging & OCR Impact of Imaging & OCR on Data Entry and Information Capture OCR & other products contributing to reduced costs Lessons Learned
3 Ryerson University 1 location downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada Budget $450 million, 7 Faculties, about 76 academic units; 14 Administrative divisions, Approximately 4000 FT/PT employees ERP Solutions: Public Sector Oracle EBS (AP, AR, GL, Sys Admin, Iexpense, Iprocurement, Purchasing, Procurement Contracts) Peoplesoft (Student, HRMS and Payroll) MarkView Financial Kofax (KTM, VRS)
4 Ryerson AP Processing History (prior to December 2004) Manual process, Invoices received in AP and across campus forwarded to AP Invoice approval was manual invoices photocopied and sent through internal mail to departments for approval, distribution & receipt confirmation, Manual follow up normal response never received the invoice. Response we will send again Invoices were on & in AP desks awaiting entry, response and/or approval, Completed invoices batched, entered and filed in cabinets; moved annually to storage. When invoice was required manually pulled and re filed. Archival boxes labeled with destruction date pulled and destroyed.
5 Challenges of Manual Processes Top 4 Challenges of Manual Processing: CHALLENGE SOLUTION RYERSON Response Paper invoices Electronic invoices Automated process for s File Capture Imaged Electronic files Manual data entry OCR OCR at header level Inefficient processes manual routing of invoices for approval Workflow Workflow Advisor Monitor Lost or missing documents Secure document storage & audit trail Audit trail even cancelled documents are tracked PayStream Advisor IWA Adoption Benchmarking Survey Report 2008
6 Best Practice Truism Less paper and more electronic invoicing is a characteristic of a world class company (Hackett Group) Imaging and Workflow are seen as the most useful technologies Electronic technologies workflow, imaging, OCR, electronic approvals, etc. provides: Access to timely and accurate information, Opportunities for cost savings/avoidance, Allows for improved service & vendor relationships Increases visibility
7 Invoice Imaging & Workflow The Reality No Silver Bullet Imaging technology does not instantly get rid of the paper Need to build the pieces that allow you to change the process Re evaluate & revise business processes Scan upfront in your business processes OCR technology captures invoice data with reduced manual effort. Automatically scrubs data for identifiable problems missing or wrong data e.g. PO number. Validates data to information in your ERP system e.g. invoice number Delivers cleansed data to ERP for payment processing Delivers invoice or rendered images to archives for referencing File Capture technology coverts PDF/WORD attachments to images and automatically moves into workflow. Self Service Invoices decentralizes Non PO invoice entry to departments.
8 Electronic(E) Invoicing E invoicing receiving of invoices via electronic means. Few companies are using e invoicing solutions. Methods of receiving invoices Fax (7%) (10%) E Invoice system (14%) Paper (69%) Benefits of Electronic invoicing Fewer lost or missing invoices Quicker approval cycles Increase in on time payments Reduced staff and processing costs PayStream Advisor IWA Adoption Benchmarking Survey Report 2008
9 Feeling the Pain in AP Respondents were asked to rate the pain associated with each of the following on a scale of 1 5 with 5 being the highest PayStream Advisor IWA Adoption Benchmarking Survey Report 2008
10 Top Financial Automation Goals PayStream Advisor IWA Adoption Benchmarking Survey Report 2008
11 Key Performance Indicators # of invoices processed per day per AP employee, Percentage of exceptions, Average cost to process an invoice, Average time to approve an invoice Electronic invoices received as % of total Suppliers einvoicing as % of total suppliers Discounts taken as % of discounts offered Incorrect payments as % of total payments
12 AP Metrics Despite increasing interest & adoption of solutions to automate AP, enterprises of all sizes are burdened by PAPER. An average AP Department Average time to process an invoice is 12 days. Corrects 5% of supplier invoices because of errors, 25% of invoices are paid late. Invoice process cost range from under a $1 to over $15. 1 in 5 invoices has a problem that delays processing and increases invoice costs by up to 50%, AP FTEs to Organization size: mid size organization 1 AP FTE for employees
13 Source: PayStream AP Automation Survey 2010 AP Processing Costs
14 Productivity by Level of Automation Annual Revenue Profile of Participants 1 st Quartile $64 million Median 3rd Quartile $441 million $2 billion Level of Automation 1 st Quartile Median 3 rd Quartile None Low Medium 600 1, **Per Day (22 days/mth) High 438 1, Accounts Payable Network Study - December 2008
15 Invoices Processed per FTE per month by % of Paper Invoices 1 st Quartile Median 3 rd Quartile 100% Paper , % Paper , % Paper ,523 **Per Day (22days) % Paper 551 1,147 2, % Paper 536 1,250 3, % Paper 775 1,979 2,920 Organizations - 18% are 100% paper; 46% are 80-99% paper & < than 4% are < 10% paper Real gains come when paper is reduced to 40% or less of invoices processed. Those in 40-80% range show a 13.5% increase in throughput over 100% paper; Those in the 0-10% range show a 145% increase.
16 Acceptance of Imaged Documents Basic Principle If the original paper documentation still exists, then the electronic document images are merely copies. Catalyst: Tri Council grant review occurred at same time as Imaging Go LIVE. CIDA grant monitoring visit (Feb 2005), Initial reactions indicated some audit discomfort. Recognized better further explore these uncharted waters. Chose key agencies to obtain written acceptance NSERC, SSHRC, CHIR, CIDA, AUCC, HRSDC, CFI, MEDT
17 Compliance Requirements Compilation of Agency Responses Certification by an independent organization that the Ryerson Document Management & Imaging system complies with Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB) standards CGSB Microfilm and Electronic Images as Documentary Evidence, CAN/CGSB Electronic Records as Documentary Evidence. Certificate of Image Authorization statement from senior management that university relies upon electronic record keeping in the usual and ordinary course of business. Imaging Policy approved and issued in accordance with university policy. Ryerson s Electronic Imaging and Document Management (May 17, 2006) Imaging Procedures Manual Formal procedure entitled Electronic Images Procedure draft was August 2, evida suggestions were incorporated into Final approved procedures. Recently concluded 2 nd certification.
18 Elements of Compliance Management Authorization & Accountability Usual & ordinary course of business Approval by senior management Documentation Sufficiently detailed procedures manual Evident to all parties and followed communication, training Reliability Authenticity (of records & documents) Integrity (of the electronic system)
19 Why Did Ryerson Automate? Space needs, Budget cutting, Desire to access invoices anywhere, anytime, Facilitate Audit and invoice retrieval. Leverage existing automation (hierarchies & electronic signature) Gain benefits of an automated capture & associated workflow process Imaging/Workflow that automates review and approval and eliminates manual approvals. Departments were retaining invoice copies resulting in duplicate filing systems.
20 What We Wanted December 2004 Tight Integration & functionality that worked in conjunction with Oracle ebusiness, Leverage Oracle iexpense workflow Users to access documents (images) from transaction inquiries & drill downs Streamlined business processes, Implement best practice automation & workflows: Supported workflows security, approval hierarchies Users to work anywhere, anytime AP Rep working from Sweden (2006) AP Reps work from home ( ) Option & strike contingency
21 Ryerson Initiatives to Eliminate Paper Financial Services: 1996 ERP Go Live: Oracle EBS Online inquiries, reporting, electronic signatures 1998 Online electronic purchase requisitions submissions & approvals 2001 Excel Journal Template submission & ADI 2003 Purchasing Card BMO online review & approval 2004 Document management, imaging & workflow 2005 AMEX, Travel Card, iexpense 2006 Online Training UPK 2008 Journal Entry online approval 2009 Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) vendor payments 2010 Optical Character Recognition (OCR) 2010 Markview Advisor 2010 Electronic Invoices 2011 File Capture FUTURE Self Service Invoices & OCR PO lines
22 Accounts Payable: Overview Current AP Processes 5 Workflows (invoices go through OCR) PO Invoice Entry Non PO Invoice Entry Pre Approved Invoice need to minimize use do to manual approvals Previously Entered Invoice Gateway iexpense (AMEX card integration) P Card Program Uploads from other systems (Student system (PeopleSoft), Bookstore)
23 AP Invoice PROCESS AUTOMATION Computer generated invoices go through OCR RU does not have online receiving. Invoices over $5000 forwarded to requestor for authorization. Collaboration with Buyer to resolve holds. Automated process in some instances or ability to send for comment.
24 I-EXPENSE AUTOMATION End user create expense report Upon submission barcode Receipts attached to expense report Approver can review receipts if approved goes to AP for Audit
26 AP Audit Ryerson 2 % of all invoice transactions go for Quality Assurance (QA) review Invoices over $5,000 are sent to Senior Financial Analyst for audit review Capitalization. Invoices over $100,000 are sent to the AP Supervisor for review prior to payment. SOX type reporting on output per user & violations of criteria (e.g. invoice cannot be approved by same person who entered it.) Automatic escalation of transaction to next approval level after specified number of days OR within X days of payment due date.
27 Ryerson s Results of AP Automation Improved productivity for AP staff & managers Reduction in lost documents, Reduced errors & duplications Results in Reduce costs Fewer inquiries from users Ability to view invoice images themselves Reduce Cycle Times workflows eliminated manual processes notices inform users when they have documents waiting their approval Ability to identify and get High Priority invoices processed first Audit Trail All of these result in reduction in FTE processing costs Increased visibility know details of invoices outstanding from the minute they are scanned Ability to track the invoice through the workflow, identify bottlenecks Ability to move an invoice or increase priority
28 Lessons Learned Get buy in at the highest level Need Execs to sell benefits, Set Expectations All parties must take ownership and share in the processing Train by job function Upfront effort is required to ensure scope of project is as complete as possible, leave nothing to assumptions. After implementation REVIEW your processes again may find ways to streamline processes individuals fall back into bad habits We have not stopped learning Technology continues to advance
29 Further Automation Opportunities I Supplier Empower your suppliers to provide invoices, Check status of payments Reducing calls to AP staff Consolidated invoices from suppliers or electronic invoices Express Invoices ability to users to enter invoice data into a web interface and then fax in invoice. Expand the use of technology that we already have eliminate more paper
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