3 Mold Litigation is increasing Introduction Mold Litigation is expensive Contractors are target defendants
4 Mold Problems In Buildings Are Not New Leviticus, Chapter 14, verses in the Old Testament of The Bible describes mold removal in a house using methods similar to those used today.
5 Leviticus, Chapter 14 The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, 34. When you enter the land of Canaan, which I am giving you as your possession, and I put a spreading mildew in a house in that land, 35. the owner of the house must go and tell the priest, I have seen something that looks like mildew in my house.
6 Leviticus, Chapter 14, cont d. 36 The priest shall then command that they empty the house before the priest comes to look at the mark, so that everything in the house need not become unclean; and afterward, the priest shall go in to look at the house.
7 Leviticus, Chapter 14, cont d. 37 So he shall look at the mark and if the mark on the walls of the house has greenish or reddish depressions and appears deeper than the surface 38 The priest shall return on the seventh day and make an inspection. If the mark has indeed spread in the walls of the house
8 Leviticus, Chapter 14, cont d. 38 The priest shall go out the doorway of the house and close it up for seven days.. 39 On the seventh day the priest shall return to inspect the house. 40 If the mildew has spread on the walls, he is to order that the contaminated stones be torn out and thrown into an unclean place outside the town.
9 First Slide Here
10 Leviticus, Chapter 14, cont d. 41 He must have all the inside walls of the house scraped and the material that is scraped off dumped into an unclean place outside the town. 42 Then they are to take other stones to replace these and take new clay and plaster the house.
12 Leviticus, Chapter 14, cont d. 43 If the mildew reappears in the house after the stones have been torn out and the house scraped and plastered, 44 The priest is to go and examine it and, if the mildew has spread in the house, it is a destructive mildew; the house is unclean.
14 Leviticus, Chapter 14, cont d. 45 It must be torn down--its stones, timbers and all the plaster--and taken out of the town to an unclean place. 46 Moreover, whoever goes into the house during the time that he has quarantined it, becomes unclean until evening.
15 Leviticus, Chapter 14, cont d. 47 Likewise, whoever lies down in the house shall wash his clothes and whoever eats in the house shall wash his clothes.
16 Where Does Mold Come From? Mold is everywhere indoors and outdoors There are thousands of mold species Mold will grow wherever there is moisture, moderate temperature and a food source
17 What Mold Needs to Grow Food Source (Food is present everywhere, even in the air) Temperature degrees (The human comfort zone is in this temperature range) Moisture present as water or relative humidity above 60 % (This is the only controllable mold growth component)
19 If Mold Is Everywhere, What s The Problem? No federal or state standards for acceptable mold levels in buildings or homes Mold levels should be similar indoors and outdoors Same types of molds should be found indoors & outdoors
20 What is Mold Exposure? When moldy materials are damaged or disturbed, mold spores & products are released into the air. Some molds produce toxic chemicals called mycotoxins that may contaminate air in areas with no visible mold. People may inhale spores or spores may contact their skin
21 Does All Mold Exposure Make You Sick? Not all people exposed to mold will have health problems Health effects depend on types of mold, amounts of mold and susceptibility of the individual.
25 Missing (Health) Links It is undisputed that certain molds are harmful to human health. No clear dose-response data to assess potential for health hazard. No baseline environmental norms established. The battle rages on....
26 Water Intrusion Sources Building Envelope Leaks Plumbing Leaks HVAC condensation/leaks Wet Building Components Flooding
27 Avoiding Mold Growth Do not install wet or water-damaged building materials Control humidity when installing finish materials If a leak occurs, deal with it immediately
28 Water Damage Cleanup & Mold Prevention Within hours of clean water damage Discard damaged materials Books & papers (copy if valuable) Ceiling tiles Cellulose insulation Fiberglass insulation Drywall & gypsum board
29 Water Damage Cleanup & Mold Prevention Use water extraction vacuum, dehumidifier & fans to remove water & reduce humidity from upholstered furniture, carpet, backing, concrete & cinder block surfaces Wipe all non-porous, hard surfaces with water & mild detergent Remove water from wood surfaces use fans, dehumidifier & gentle heat to dry
30 Building Envelope Problems Improper flashing installation or lack of flashing Windows Doors Roof parapet walls Missing/clogged weep holes Lack of coordination between exterior cladding & window/door installation
31 Building Envelope Problems Improperly installed roof drains or scuppers Improperly installed moisture or vapor barrier Improper installation of exterior cladding 7 resultant cracking Improperly installed roofing materials
32 HVAC Problem Areas Improper test & balance Negative pressurization Improperly located air supply intakes Condensate pan or pipe leaks
33 Why Control Humidity? High humidity can support the growth of pathogenic or allergenic organisms.... Relative humidity in habitable spaces should be maintained between 30% and 60% to minimize mold growth
34 Hot/Humid Climates Dehumidify all incoming air Positive pressure to outside Vapor retarder on warm side Permeable interior wall coverings Drain the rain
35 Avoiding Mold Problems In Design & Construction IAQ issues should be part of building program and design. Controlling humidity should be a design criteria for HVAC system. Building components (e.g. windows, flashing, exterior skin) must be compatible & water resistant.
36 Design & Construction Criteria For Hot & Humid Climates Dehumidify all incoming air. Provide positive pressure to outside. Use permeable wall coverings on exterior walls. Drain the rain.
37 Avoiding Mold Problems In Design & Construction HVAC system should be tested and balanced at or before time that owner takes occupancy. Problems noted in test & balance report should be addressed promptly.
38 Molds Associated With Water Stachybotrys Aspergillus Penicillium Cladasporium Fusarium Intrusion
39 Molds that pose a threat to health aspergillus versicolor stachybotrus chartarum
40 How To Prevent Mold Growth Eliminate water sources Control humidity maintain below 60%
41 Mold Removal Methods ACGIH Standards United States Environmental Protection Agency Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings (www.epa.gov/iaq) City of New York Department of Health Revised Guidelines
42 Mold Removal Methods Amount of mold & type of mold determine removal method Worst case requires workers to wear Tyvek suits, personal respirators Worst case mold removal done under asbestos-type methods Materials disposed of as hazardous waste
43 Mold Remediation Methods Goal Remove or clean contaminated materials to prevent fungi or dust from leaving work area Protect health of workers performing abatement Method depends on amount of contamination
44 Level I Small, I Isolated Areas Can be done by regular building maintenance staff with appropriate training Gloves & eye protection should be used Respiratory protection recommended Work area should be unoccupied; containment not required Contaminated materials removed in sealed plastic bags
45 Level I continuedi Work areas should be cleaned with damp cloth or mop and detergent solution. All areas should be left dry & visibly free from contamination & debris. There are no special requirements for disposal of moldy materials Use of biocides not recommended.
46 Level II Mid Mid-size Isolated Areas In addition to Level I requirements: Work area should be covered with plastic sheet (s) & sealed with tape to contain dust/debris Dust suppression methods recommended prior to remediation Work area should be HEPA vacuumed
47 Level III Large Isolated Area Health & Safety professional with experience in microbial investigations should be consulted for oversight Personnel should be trained in handling of hazardous material. Ventilation ducts/grills in work area should be sealed Level II requirements should be followed
48 Level IV Extensive Contamination contiguous square feet of contaminated area Professional personnel
49 Mold Cases = Big Dollars Martin County v. Centex-Rooney--$20 million Polk County Courthouse--$40 mllion Ballard case (Texas)--$32 million verdict against homeowners insurance company Hatley case (Arizona)--$4.2 million verdict against insurance company Anderson case (California) $18.5 million verdict against insurance company
50 Designers & Constructors Are Target Defendants Owners look to designers and constructors to advise them about potential mold problems. If water intrusion or humidity problems arise, owners look to designers and constructors to solve these problems or pay the cost to solve them.
51 Methods To Avoid Liability Contract waivers or disclaimers Written recommendations for inspection and for maintenance. If something doesn t smell right, don t ignore it!
52 Indicators Of A Mold Problem If you can see it or you can smell it, there is a problem! Investigate pipe leaks, condensation drips, roof leaks, window leaks. Investigate discolored areas on wall surfaces, ceilings, etc.
53 What Should You Do If You Think There Is A Significant Mold Problem? Detailed visual inspection by a trained professional of: Basement or crawl spaces Rooms with water or flood damage Window frames & carpets Ceiling tiles
54 What Should You Do Cont d. Any formerly damp material books, papers, wallpaper, insulation All HVAC components Greenhouses or water features Attics Other areas with water pools, kitchens, spas, laundry rooms, bathrooms
55 P.I. Home Inspection Services Anyone else is just looking around Mark Sylvester (630)
1.0 Introduction DESERT RESEARCH INSTITUTE This Desert Research Institute (DRI) Mold Assessment and Remediation Procedure was established to assure that consistent and uniform information is provided to
Questions and Answers on Stachybotrys chartarum and other molds Questions and Answers 1. I heard about "toxic molds" that grow in homes and other buildings. Should I be concerned about a serious health
Mould A Basic Guide Summary Mould is a fact of life. Moulds will grow practically everywhere people live and work. Mould is recognized as an occupational hazard for indoor workers as well as outdoor workers
Stachybotrys chartarum a mold that may be found in water-damaged homes November 2000 Environmental Health Investigations Branch California Department of Health Services Stachybotrys chartarum ecology Stachybotrys
Mold and Mildew Mold and mildew can be detected by sight, smell and touch. Molds are usually black (not unlike the molds that grow in showers and between grout), green or tan in color, but can be in various
University of Vermont Department of Physical Plant Burlington, Vermont WATER INTRUSION GUIDELINES In accordance with: IIRC S500 IIRC S520 EPA Document 402-K-01-001 REVISED AND DISTRIBUTED BY: THE UNIVERSITY
1.0 Policy Statement The University of New Haven has developed a mold response and remediation plan in accordance with best practices set forth by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Occupational
MOLD RESPONSE AND REMEDIATION PLAN Prepared By: Triumvirate Environmental Developed: April 2011 Last Revised: March 2015 Program Approval Associate Vice President of Public Safety & Administrative Services
Office of Environmental Health & Safety Got Mold? Frequently Asked Questions About Mold What are molds? With more than 100,000 species in the world, it is no wonder molds can be found everywhere. Neither
Guidelines for Cleaning Staff on Managing Mould Growth in State Buildings Prepared by the State Claims Agency 2 Index 1. Background 2. What are moulds? 3. What are the possible health effects? 4. How do
UNIVERSITY OF TOLEDO SUBJECT: MOLD PREVENTION AND REMEDIATION Procedure No: HM-08-035 PROCEDURE STATEMENT All indoor areas on campus are expected to present no immediate threat to the health and well-being
Mold In Your Home and at Work Forsyth County Office of Environmental Assistance and Protection What is mold? Mold is a term used to describe a type of fungus that can be found all year round both indoors
Guidelines for Mold Remediation (Removal) Indoor mold growth, water damage, or musty odors should be addressed quickly. Removing mold growth and correcting the underlying cause of water accumulation can
MOLD REMEDIATION KEY STEPS The EPA has developed the following guidelines for mold remediation managers. These guidelines are generally helpful, but we believe an expert in the industry should be consulted
OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY 5255 Hampton Blvd. Spong Hall, suite 2501 Norfolk, Virginia 23529 Phone: (757) 683-4495 Fax: (757) 683-6025 Occupational Safety & Health Environmental Health Laboratory
Mold Basics The key to mold control is moisture control. If mold is a problem in your home, you should clean up the mold promptly and fix the water problem. It is important to dry water-damaged areas and
MOLD FAQs 1. What is mold and where does it live? Molds are microscopic fungi that are part of the natural environment. They can grow almost anywhere (inside and out), but live especially in the soil outside.
Mold Guidelines for New Jersey Residents Understanding Mold Investigations & Remediation What Services Should I Ask For? What Are Important Inspection Procedures? Is Mold Sampling Helpful? What Information
West Virginia University Environmental Health and Safety STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR MOLD REMEDIATION Origination Date August 2013. Contents Purpose:... 2 Job Scope... 2 Definitions... 2 Roles/Responsibilities:...
WATER INFILTRATION INTO BUILDINGS: Part 1: Mold in Buildings General Information Part 2: Guidelines for Managing Water Infiltration into Buildings Roles & Responsibilities Part 3: Guidelines for Facilities
Mold In Your Home and at Work Forsyth County Office of Environmental Assistance and Protection What is mold? Mold is a term used to describe a type of fungus that can be found all year round both indoors
University of Nevada, Reno Facilities Services Department STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE Facilities Maintenance Services Indoor Flood Cleanup and Mold Prevention DATE: 6/24/15 REVISED: PURPOSE This University
Regulations & Guidelines Short History of Mold Standards Leviticus 13: 47-50, 14: 39-47 Initial assessment by priest; follow-up visit in 7 days If mold spreads to walls, tear out contaminated stones and
Page: 1 of 5 1.0 PROGRAM OBJECTIVE The purpose of this procedure is to define the responsibilities, methods, procedures and training required to safely and effectively remove or clean mold-contaminated
APPENDIX B. EPA s Investigating, Evaluating, and Remediating Moisture and Mold Problems (see EPA website for complete details) Table 1: Water Damage - Cleanup and Mold Prevention Table 1 presents strategies
March 2007 Connecticut Department of Public Health Environmental Health Section Environmental & Occupational Health Assessment Program 410 Capitol Avenue MS # 11EOH, PO Box 340308 Hartford, CT 06134-0308
Introduction This information has been developed by Saskatchewan Health and the Occupational Health and Safety Division of Saskatchewan Labour and is intended to apply to private residences, public buildings
Joseph Laquatra Cornell University Animals get displaced during floods May enter homes If there is standing water in the home: Turn off power from a dry location if possible Don t turn power off or use
ASBESTOS SCIENCE TECHNOLOGIES, INC. P.O. Box 505 Bangor, CA 95914 Phone (530) 518-0934 Email - email@example.com Report for Lincoln Elementary School 1582 Lincoln Road Yuba City, Ca. 95993 Mold Report
City of Philadelphia Mold Remediation, Water Damage and Use of s This document provides direction for remediation of building materials in City facilities with potential, visible or laboratory verified
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SERVICES 5051 South 129 th East Avenue Tulsa, Oklahoma 74134-7004 918-595-4200 Fax 918-595-4359 firstname.lastname@example.org MOLD INFORMATION GUIDE In response to numerous concerns and requests
CITY OF LOS ANGELES GUIDELINES FOR ASSESSMENT AND REMEDIATION OF MOLD The information contained within this manual has been compiled from the following reference sources: The Environmental Protection Agency
BUREAU OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH Emergency Response/Indoor Air Quality Program Use of Moisture Measuring Devices in Evaluating Water Damage in Buildings July 2007 The evaluation of mold colonization of building
Help Yourself to a Healthy Home Mold and Moisture SHOULD YOU BE CONCERNED? Mold produces spores, tiny specks you can t see and that float through the air. When you breathe in mold spores, they get into
Indoor Air Quality & Mold Class Spring 2012 Building Monitors Meeting Presentation Agenda IAQ - indoor ventilation Air contaminants Molds Requirements for growth Health effects Mold prevention - moisture
United States Environmental Protection Agency A Brief Guide to Mold, Moisture, and Your Home Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) EPA 402-K-02-003 (Reprinted 09/2010) This Guide provides information and guidance for
Division of Professions Mold Related Services 1940 North Monroe Street Tallahassee, Florida 32399-2214 Phone: 850.717.1984 Fax: 850.922.2918 Ken Lawson, Secretary Rick Scott, Governor MOLD RELATED SERVICES
INDOOR MOLD AND HEALTH A Fungus Among Us This article addresses some of the most common questions and concerns about indoor mold, how it affects human health and ways in which you can prevent or remove
KEY ELEMENTS IN PREVENTING AND MITIGATING MOLD CLAIMS By Jerome E. Spear, CSP, CIH Effective January 1, 2005, consultants who prepare mold management plans for buildings located in Texas must be licensed
Part 2: Drying Out Your Home Now you're ready to begin drying out your home and establishing your plan for rebuilding. The information contained in this section will help you to dry out and decontaminate
NYU Safety Policy Manual Page 1 of 6 Subject: Mold Prevention, Assessment, and Remediation Program Policy No. 167 ISSUE DATE REPLACES ORIGINATOR APPLICATION NYU Washington Square Campus PURPOSE The purpose
Background Eric S. Anderson B.A. Tufts University M.B.A. Bryant University Certified Mold Remediator (CMR) Master Certified Remediator (MCR) Mold Remediation Technician (MRT) Certified Mold Professional
Mold in My Home: What Do I Do? This packet is meant to provide basic information to people who have experienced water damage to their home and resulting mold concerns. It describes health concerns related
micro ecologies inc. Industrial Hygienists and Environmental Health Investigators Micro Ecologies, Inc. Mold Clean-up Guidelines for Residents 2000 Micro Ecologies, Inc. (These guidelines are protected
MOLD REMEDIATION Kathleen Parrott, Ph.D. Professor of Housing, Virginia Tech Virginia Cooperative Extension has three publications to help you deal with mold in your home: Mold Basics: What is mold? How
WATER DAMAGE, MOLD* GROWTH AND IAQ *Mold and Mildew are fungi What conditions may pose a problem & why What to do My name is: Jacquelyn Brown Environmental Protection Program Specialist (Health & Safety
Mold Management Program March 2009 Table of Contents Page I. Policy...2 II. Objectives....2 III. Roles and Responsibilities... 2 IV. Operational Controls Standard Operating Procedures.. 3 A. Addressing
1.0 Purpose & Scope The purpose of this procedure is to provide a standardized approach to handle the unwanted entry of water, known as water incursions or intrusions into an indoor environment. This procedure
Army Facilities Management Information Document on Mold Remediation Issues TG 277 FEBRUARY 2002 NOTICE This publication is essential and current. An administrative review has been performed by the proponent
MOLD IN MY HOME: WHAT DO I DO? INDOOR AIR QUALITY INFO SHEET Updated June 2006 This is an update of California Department of Health Services info sheet providing basic information to people who have experienced
4 Signs That You Need Mold Remediation The general rule is that when mold is visible, it is time to kill it and remove it. But mold isn t always visible and so there are other criteria to strongly consider
Indoor Mold and Health A Fungus Among Us The Florida Department of Health has developed this brochure to address some of the most common questions and concerns about indoor mold, how it affects human health,
Policy: Mold Prevention, Assessment and Remediation Program Page 1 of 9 APPLICATION NYU Langone Medical Center (NYULMC) POLICY SUMMARY NYULMC is committed to protecting employees, patients, and visitors
Water Incursion Standard Operating Procedure Purpose: To provide a standardized procedure in the event of water incursion into any Penn State University facility. References: A Brief Guide to Mold, Moisture
Mold & Mildew Cleaning Up Your Flood-Damaged Home FEMA 606/July 2007 The Problem With Mold Mildew and molds are fungi - simple microscopic organisms that thrive anywhere there is a moist environment. Molds
Diamond Environmental Services, Inc. s Most Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) The following are our most frequently asked questions (FAQs) concerning asbestos and mold. Asbestos What is asbestos? Asbestos
WATER DAMAGE INVESTIGATION Massachusetts Gaming Commission 101 Federal Street Boston, Massachusetts Prepared by: Massachusetts Department of Public Health Bureau of Environmental Health Indoor Air Quality
California Department of Public Health (CDPH) Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Info Sheet Mold in My Home What Do I Do? Updated July 2012 This info sheet provides basic information on water damage in the home.
Mold Indoor Air Quality Mold Facts Recently, concern about indoor exposure to mold has increased along with public awareness that exposure to mold can cause a variety of adverse health effects. While mold
w that Your Building Experienced Water Damage What Must You and Your Water Damage Restoration Contractor Agree On? By Completing a Building and Occupant Survey Hopefully Your Questions will be Answered
PROPERTY INSPECTION OR ASSESSMENT OF DAMAGES ADDRESS: Somewhere, FL CLIENT: GAIA GC ID No: 2015000 DATE: 12/31/2015 INSPECTION OR ASSESSMENT BY: GAIA CONSTRUCTION INC. CGC 1516136 FLORIDA HI-2792 FLORIDA
IUB Water Damage Restoration Guideline Purpose The IUB Water Damage Restoration guideline was developed to ensure that all water intrusions are handled in a professional manner which includes the latest
Flood Response and Mold Prevention Program Prepared by the Berea College Department of Environmental Health and Safety Revised May 2010 Contents I. Introduction II. III. IV. Flood and Mold Hazards Roles
The Facts About Mold Operation Outreach Mold/IAQ Resources from AIHA More AIHA Operation Outreach Brochures: Do I Work In a Sick Building? Guidelines for Selecting an Indoor Air Quality Consultant Is Air
CEILING SYSTEMS Mold is receiving more attention within the construction industry than ever before. One reason is that it is becoming an increasingly visible subject in the media. Another is an increased
Healthy Homes is a program of the Southern New Jersey Perinatal Cooperative with funding by the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services snjpc.org 2012 Why Parents Should Worry 6 million children
Building and Grounds Maintenance Checklist Name: School: Room or Area: Date Completed: Signature: Instructions 1. Read the IAQ Backgrounder and the Background Information for this checklist. 2. Keep the
BY ORDER OF THE COMMANDER 66TH AIR BASE WING 66 AIR BASE WING INSTRUCTION 48-102 20 MAY 2009 Aerospace Medicine INDOOR AIR QUALITY (IAQ) PROGRAM COMPLIANCE WITH THIS PUBLICATION IS MANDATORY ACCESSIBILITY:
Procedures for Emergency Responses to Flooding and Building Water Intrusion PURPOSE: To establish uniform, sanitary, and systematic procedures for responding to flooding and water intrusion emergencies.
I. Rationale Sufficient scientific evidence exists to conclude that there is an association between the presence of mold or other agents found in damp indoor environments and various health symptoms. Health
TRIANGLE Environmental Science and Engineering Inc. P.O. Box 1026 Rolla, MO 65402 Mold and Indoor Air Quality Assessment Of MARK TWAIN NATIONAL FOREST Roby Ranger Station Roby, MO MARCH 20 2015 Prepared
Mold Growth In Buildings Austin Sumner, MD, MPH State Epidemiologist Environmental Health 10/21/2009 Today s Presentation Introduction to mold Role of Town Health Officers Building compliance Health effects
MOULD AND CONDENSATION IN YOUR HOME Indoor condensation can cause damage to fabrics, discolour paint and wallpaper but, more importantly, it promotes conditions suitable for the growth of mould. When water
Managing Water Infiltration into Buildings A Systematized Approach for Remediating Water Problems in Buildings due to Floods, Roof Leaks, Potable Water Leaks, Sewage Backup, Steam Leaks and Groundwater
A bout your HOUSE CE 8 Understanding mold MOLD CAN BE HARMFUL OR HELPFUL DEPENDING ON WHERE IT GROWS MOLD NEEDS MOISTURE TO GROW MOLD DOES NOT GROW ON DRY MATERIALS MOLD GROWING INSIDE A HOME CAN AFFECT
Control Mold Through Water Activity Prevent Mold Growth on Building Materials Mold Prevention Detect Dangerous Moisture Levels in Building Materials Monitor Buildings for Leaks and Moisture Intrusion Track
Top Q A DIVISION OF TOP QUALITY INSPECTIONS INC. Fungal Assessment Smith Recreation Community Centre 1019 Hwy 2A, Smith, Alberta 2012 P. O. B o x 8 3 0 2 4, E d m o n t o n, A B T 5 T 6 S 1 P h o n e :
WATER DAMAGE INVESTIGATION Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities 1 South Station Boston, Massachusetts Prepared by: Massachusetts Department of Public Health Bureau of Environmental Health Indoor
Restoring your Property: How to be prepared for Rapid Response to Flood Damage After a flood, the restoration process can be long and complex, particularly for large commercial properties. Failure to apply