AP Macroeconomics 2008 Scoring Guidelines

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1 AP Macroeconomics 2008 Scoring Guidelines The College Board: Connecting Students to College Success The College Board is a not-for-profit membership association whose mission is to connect students to college success and opportunity. Founded in 1900, the association is composed of more than 5,400 schools, colleges, universities, and other educational organizations. Each year, the College Board serves seven million students and their parents, 23,000 high schools, and 3,500 colleges through major programs and services in college admissions, guidance, assessment, financial aid, enrollment, and teaching and learning. Among its best-known programs are the SAT, the PSAT/NMSQT, and the Advanced Placement Program (AP ). The College Board is committed to the principles of excellence and equity, and that commitment is embodied in all of its programs, services, activities, and concerns. College Board, AP Central, Advanced Placement Program, AP, SAT, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Board. PSAT/NMSQT is a registered trademark of the College Board and National Merit Scholarship Corporation. All other products and services may be trademarks of their respective owners. Permission to use copyrighted College Board materials may be requested online at: AP Central is the online home for AP teachers: apcentral.collegeboard.com.

2 11 points ( ) AP MACROECONOMICS Question 1 (a) 2 points: One point is earned for a correctly labeled graph of the short-run Phillips curve (SRPC). One point is earned for showing on the SRPC the initial position A and the new position B. One point is earned for stating that the federal budget will be in a deficit. One point is earned for explaining that government spending (or transfer payments) will increase and/or tax revenues will fall due to the recession. (c) 3 points: One point is earned for correctly calculating the increase in government purchases: Change in G = Recessionary gap/multiplier = (\$500/5) = \$100. One point is earned for stating that a larger reduction in personal income taxes is required than the \$100 billion increase in government spending. One point is earned for explaining that households do not spend all of the initial increase in disposable income caused by a tax reduction, or that the tax multiplier is smaller than the government spending multiplier.

3 Question 1 (continued) (d) 2 points: One point is earned for a correctly labeled graph of the loanable funds market. One point is earned for showing a rightward shift of the demand curve and showing a higher real interest rate. (A leftward shift of the supply curve showing a higher interest rate is also accepted.) (e) 2 points: One point is earned for stating that the growth rate will fall. One point is earned for explaining that investment spending decreases and, as a result, capital formation will decrease.

4 Question 2 6 points ( ) (a) 2 points: One point is earned for stating that the transaction will be recorded in the current account. One point is earned for stating that the transaction will be recorded in the current account. One point is earned for stating that the current account balance will decrease or move toward a deficit. One point is earned for explaining that the increase in income causes imports to increase. (c) 2 points: One point is earned for a correctly labeled graph of the foreign exchange market for the U.S. dollar. One point is earned for shifting the supply of U.S. dollars to the right and showing a depreciation of the dollar.

5 Question 3 6 points ( ) (a) 1 point: One point is earned for stating that the opportunity cost of a bicycle in Artland is 600/300 = 2 hats. One point is earned for stating that Rayland will import bicycles. One point is earned for any one or more of the following explanations: Rayland has a comparative advantage in hats. Rayland has a comparative disadvantage in bicycles. Rayland has a lower opportunity cost in hats or higher opportunity cost in bicycles. Artland has a comparative advantage in bicycles. Artland has a comparative disadvantage in hats. Artland has a lower opportunity cost in bicycles or a higher opportunity cost in hats. (c) 2 points: One point is earned for stating that it is advantageous for Artland. One point is earned for stating that it is NOT advantageous for Rayland. (d) 1 point: One point is earned for stating that Rayland has a comparative advantage in producing hats.

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