Approaching health system financing policy decisions: objectives, instruments and the sustainability dilemma

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Approaching health system financing policy decisions: objectives, instruments and the sustainability dilemma"

Transcription

1 Approaching health system financing policy decisions: objectives, instruments and the sustainability dilemma Health Systems Financing Programme Division of Country Health Systems Tamás Evetovits Senior Health Financing Specialist WHO EUROPE, Barcelona Office Tallinn, 3 April, 2009.

2 Outline WHO s guide to health financing policy analysis Sustainability: definitions, challenges and trade-offs decisions Illustrations and lessons from abroad 2

3 Health financing policy analysis and viable options for reform Descriptive framework Policy objectives Fiscal context Starting point, direction, and reality check Where are we starting from? Where should we go? What kind of vehicle can we afford? How far and how fast? Source: Kutzin, J (2008) Health financing policy: a guide for decision-makers

4 Health financing within overall system How health financing can influence goals Health system goals (WHR2000) Resource generation Health financing system Equity in utilization and resource distribution Quality Health gain Equity in health Stewardship Revenue collection Pooling Purchasing Benefits Efficiency Transparency and accountability Financial protection Equity in finance Service delivery Choice Responsiveness 4

5 Policy objectives What objectives do we want to maximize? INTERMEDIATE OBJECTIVES Efficiency ULTIMATE OBJECTIVES Health outcomes Level and distribution Equity in access Quality Financial protection and equity in finance Responsiveness / satisfaction Improvements may positively affect different objectives at the same time, but in many cases trade-offs are involved 5

6 Defining sustainable health financing What level of attainment of the health policy objectives are you willing to -collectively- pay for? How much do we value what the health system can produce (as opposed to other -publicly funded- goods and services)? What level of attainment of the health policy objectives can you sustain, given your fiscal constraints? Financial sustainability should not be seen as a policy objective worth pursuing for its own sake, but as a constraint that needs to be respected. If it was an objective, then a simple cost cutting execise will do the job! 6

7 Asking the right questions What mix of objectives reflect the changing values of the societies? Sustainability of the trade-offs E.g.: What level of inequity is socially sustainable? Erosion of solidarity: How much are the rich willing to subsidize the poor? What level of progressivity of financing is sustainable/acceptable? What level of coverage for all are you willing to pay for? These quetions become more apparent when economy is shrinking, the fiscal space is shrinking or the value foundations of the health system weaken 7

8 No easy answers There will always be trade-offs. Everyone wants a system that is free of charge at the point of service, provides instant access, and is of high quality. The best that can be hoped for is two out of three. But at least the choice is yours! 8

9 Objectives and instruments Financial sustainability is primarily a question about values and preferences of the society in pursuing different social objectives Sustainability of the social health insurance system that is based on payroll tax is a secondary question It is about the sustainability of an instrument we choose to achieve objectives 9

10 Implications for health financing (1) Near exclusive reliance on wage based taxation may not be sustainable as a source of funds for health insurance Macroeconomic and employment consequences will require diversification and increasing delinkage of health entitlement from labor-related contribution Sources decision increasingly driven by tax policy Health insurance arrangements are in the sphere of public policy: think of insurance as a function and not as an institution Source: modified after Kutzin,

11 Implications for health financing (2) Balancing public expenditures with ex ante decision about the level of public revenues to be made available for the sector Reflects (normative) position that the level of public spending should not be the product of a formula (e.g. contribution rate), but rather a political choice based on a comprehensive fiscal framework Reflects technocratic desire towards explicit decision making process (may not always be realistic) Source: modified after Kutzin,

12 Reducing the severity of the trade-offs 1. Set realistic objectives and accepting/making trade-offs decision Adjusting public-private expenditure to reflect preferences of the society 2. Secure sufficient revenue for achieving objectives Priority to health in public expenditure If you have to cut expenditure, then be selective and clear about priorities (or rather posteriorities) 3. Improve the efficiency of resource use Collection Pooling Purchasing 12

13 Sustainability trade-offs The need to give up something in order to meet the fiscal sustainability requirement (and as a result settle for lower financial protection, solidarity, access to services, quality etc.) Fiscal sustainability requirement Explicit rationing Implicit rationing Price (formal copays & service exclusions) Non-price (wait lists, service excl.) Price (informal payments) Non-price (service dilution, delay, denial) access barriers, financial burden access barriers, dissatisfaction access barriers, financial burden, lack of transparency less health gain, reduced access, dissatisfaction, lack of transparency

14 What coverage do you cut? Cost-sharing Uncovered services Depth: How much of the costs are covered? Total health expenditure uninsured Publicly financed health care Scope: Which services are covered? Breadth: Who is insured? Where is clinical quality (and service quality) in this chart? 14

15 Empirical evidence for the discussion on options DATA CAN HELP MOVE THE DEBATE TO A MORE HONEST AND CONSENSUAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE OPTIONS AVAILABLE, SO THAT MYTH, IDEOLOGY AND GROUP INTERESTS WILL NOT DOMINATE AND DRIVE A DEBATE Roberts M, Hsiao W, Berman P and Reich M. 2004, Getting Health Reform Right, Oxford University Press, p

16 Which one is Estonia? 10 Total health expenditure as % of gross domestic product (GDP) Estonia Hungary Latvia Lithuania Poland Slovakia Slovenia European Region EU EU members before May 2004 EU members since 2004 or

17 General government expenditure on health as % of GDP and GDP of selected European countries, Republic of Moldova Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Georgia Kazakhstan Albania Azerbaijan Croatia TFYR of Macedonia Serbia Belarus Bulgaria Lithuania Latvia Hungary Slovakia Russian Federation Portugal Estonia Malta Slovenia Czech Republic Italy Spain France Germany Sweden Belgium Finland Denmark Netherlands Switzerland Norway R 2 =

18 Accounting for government spending on health Gov t health spending GDP = Total gov t spending GDP X Gov t health spending Total gov t spending Government health spending as share of the economy Fiscal context Public policy priorities 18

19 total gov't spending as % GDP Source: WHO, Turkmenistan Armenia Kazakhstan Azerbaijan Uzbekistan Albania Kyrgyzstan Russian Federation Tajikistan Switzerland Turkey Slovakia TFYR Macedonia Estonia Latvia Lithuania Georgia Ireland Romania Luxembourg Spain Cyprus Norway Bulgaria Bosnia and Herzegovina Republic of Moldova Poland Malta Croatia Iceland Ukraine Slovenia Serbia United Kingdom Germany Israel Czech Republic Netherlands Portugal Montenegro Finland Italy Austria Belgium Belarus Hungary Denmark France Sweden Greece Fiscal context: relative size of the government

20 Health as % of total government spending Source: WHO, Tajikistan Georgia Azerbaijan Cyprus Uzbekistan Kyrgyzstan Ukraine Belarus Albania Latvia Poland Bulgaria Israel Turkey Greece Kazakhstan Russian Federation Romania Armenia Hungary Estonia Lithuania Republic of Moldova Finland Montenegro Czech Republic Slovenia Bosnia and Herzegovina Malta Italy Sweden Serbia Belgium Slovakia Turkmenistan TFYR Macedonia Portugal Spain Austria United Kingdom France Netherlands Luxembourg Ireland Iceland Croatia Germany Norway Switzerland Denmark Priority given to health in the European Region (2007)

21 Health as % of total government spending Cyprus Source: WHO, 2009 Latvia Poland Bulgaria Greece Romania Hungary Estonia Lithuania Finland Czech Republic Slovenia Malta Italy Sweden Belgium Slovakia Portugal Spain Austria United Kingdom France Priority given to health in the EU countries (2007) Netherlands Luxembourg 21 Ireland Germany Denmark

22 CZE Total government expenditure % GDP GGE on health as % of GGE 20 Out of pocket spending % THE 10 GGHE%GDP Source: WHO,

23 SVN Out of pocket spending % THE 30 Total government expenditure % GDP 20 GGE on health as % of GGE 10 GGHE%GDP Source: WHO,

24 Estonia Out of pocket spending % THE Total government expenditure % GDP GGE on health as % of GGE GGHE%GD P Source: WHO,

25 OOPs in EST in an EU perspective 25

26 Measuring the objectives(1): changes in financial protection in Estonia Percent of households incurring high level of outof-pocket spending Percent of households impoverished by out-ofpocket health spending Percent of households 8.0% 7.0% 6.0% 5.0% 4.0% 3.0% 2.0% 1.0% 3.4% 6.4% 7.4% Percent of households 1.5% 1.2% 0.9% 0.6% 0.3% 1.0% 1.3% 1.4% 0.0% % Source: Habicht et al. (2006). Detecting changes in financial protection: creating evidence for policy in Estonia. Health Policy and Planning 21(6):

27 Reducing the ability to sustain financial protection in Estonia (by choice?) Actual and simulated health spending patterns in Estonia Total public spending as % GDP Health as % total public spending Public spending on health as %GDP OOPS as % total health spending % 14.0% 5.9% 11.5% % 11.2% 4.1% 20.3% 2003 with 1996 priorities 36.7% 14.0% 5.1% 13.8% Source: WHO health expenditure estimates and analysis Government health spending fell and out-of-pocket spending increased in part due to overall fiscal contraction but mostly due to a shift in priorities away from health. In a sense, the government decided (implicitly) to have a lower level of financial protection. 27

28 Measuring the objectives(2): equity in service use in Ireland Shares of service use by household income level, Ireland 2000 Percent of service use In patient nights Doctor visits Dentist visits 0 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Disposable income quintile Source: Layte R, Nolan B (2004). Equity in the utilization of health care in Ireland. Dublin: Economic and Social Research Institute. 28

29 One of the few: Canada Benefits Tax contributions 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th Benefits and tax contributions in mn C$ Family income decile Source: Mustard et al (1998); Evans (2002) 29

30 Is this desireable/acceptable? Proportion of households with high health payments (above 20% of capacity to pay) 25% 20% 15% 10% % 0% Total % 10.7% 5.2% 3.8% 2.5% 7.2% % 11.6% 8.2% 6.2% 4.3% 10.0% % 15.5% 9.8% 3.4% 3.2% 9.9% % 18.8% 9.7% 5.1% 5.1% 12.1% quintile (poor-rich) 30

31 Which one is Estonia? % 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Total Outpatient 11% 14% 19% 34% 43% 32% Inpatient 0% 0% 0% 0% 8% 4% Medicines 83% 76% 68% 48% 32% 49% Supply 5% 10% 14% 18% 18% 15% quintile (poor-rich) Outpatient Inpatient Medicines Supply 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Distribution of OOPs across medical services and goods per quintiles Total Outpatient 9% 10% 16% 24% 29% 21% Inpatient 1% 3% 3% 1% 7% 4% Medicines 84% 75% 69% 50% 33% 53% Supply 6% 11% 12% 24% 32% 22% quintile (poor-rich) Outpatient Inpatient Medicines Supply 31

32 Drug consumption is boxes (2004) Netherlands Denmark Norvay Sweden Finnland Estonia Germany Switzerland Ireland UK Austria Belgium Latvia Potugal Lithuania Slovenia Czech Rep. Luxembrg Spain Italy Poland Hungary Greece France Source: OECD

33 Pharmaceuticals are the single largest cost driver in almost all countries Annual growth in drug expenditure and in total health expenditure, 1998 to 2003 %Drug expenditure Total health expenditure Ireland (1) Korea United States Australia (2) Hungary (1) Greece Norway (1) Canada Finland France Iceland Austria (1) Netherlands Denmark Czech Republic Sweden (1) Luxembourg Germany Spain Switzerland Italy Japan (1) OECD

34 Increase of health insurance expenditures in Estonia Cumulative increase in EHIF expenditures in real terms (1993=100) Pharmaceuticals Sick-day benefits Health care services Total Source: Estonian Health Insurance Fund annual reports and statistics (various years), authors calculations 34

35 One reason for rising pharmaceutical costs is increase in volume of drug use Change in Price and Volume of Pharmaceuticals, UK Spain Netherlands Germany France % Change in price of existing drug % Change in new products entering the market % Increase in volume of prescribed drugs Total Growth in Drug Expenditures (%) 35

36 Breakdown of the mechanisms used to finance health care by country, % 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% NL BE FR SI LV HU CZ DE LT SK PL EE RO BG LU EL AT US CY IS FI ES PT NO IT IE MT SE DK UK Tax SIC PHI OOP Other Note: SIC = social insurance contribution; PHI = private health insurance; OOP = out of pocket payments. SIC refers to all funds channelled through health insurance funds, which may include substantial amounts of tax revenue Source: WHO, 2009

37 Options for revenue collection and equity consequences 0.15 Progressivity of health care financing components (Kakwani indexes, weighted with the share in health care financingl) Regressive < > Progressive Social tax Total Income tax VAT OOP Source: Vork, 2009 (forthcoming) Source: Microsimulation model ALAN (3 March 2009), EHBS ; ow n calculations 37

38 Closing remarks in light of the financial crisis The real challenge is balancing the budget in a way that cause less than proportional decrease in the attainment of policy objectives, especially: Financial protection Health gain It is always more difficult to withdraw benefits that have already been provided therefore preventing unrealistic expectations pays off on the long run Act before it gets worse! Be proactive and prevent emergency interventions, which tend to produce more damage (apparently Estonia does not need this advice)! 38

Health financing policy: performance and response to economic crisis

Health financing policy: performance and response to economic crisis Division of Health Systems & Public Health Health financing policy: performance and response to economic crisis Tamás Evetovits Head of Office a.i., Senior Health Financing Specialist WHO Barcelona Office

More information

Voluntary health insurance and health care reforms

Voluntary health insurance and health care reforms Voluntary health insurance and health care reforms Sarah Thomson Senior Research Fellow, European Observatory Deputy Director, LSE Health IMF conference, Paris, 21 st June 2011 Health financing policy

More information

European Research Council

European Research Council ERC Starting Grant Outcome: Indicative statistics Reproduction is authorised provided the source ERC is acknowledged ERCEA/JH. ERC Starting Grant: call Submitted and selected proposals by domain Submitted

More information

ENTERING THE EU BORDERS & VISAS THE SCHENGEN AREA OF FREE MOVEMENT. EU Schengen States. Non-Schengen EU States. Non-EU Schengen States.

ENTERING THE EU BORDERS & VISAS THE SCHENGEN AREA OF FREE MOVEMENT. EU Schengen States. Non-Schengen EU States. Non-EU Schengen States. ENTERING THE EU BORDERS & VISAS THE SCHENGEN AREA OF FREE MOVEMENT An area without internal borders where EU citizens and non-eu nationals may move freely EU Schengen States Non-Schengen EU States IS Azores

More information

ERMInE Database. Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research. ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 2006

ERMInE Database. Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research. ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 2006 ERMInE Database Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 26 Overview Content of the Ermine Database Electronic Questionnaire RTD&D Data

More information

Our patent and trade mark attorneys are here to help you protect and profit from your ideas, making sure they re working every bit as hard as you do.

Our patent and trade mark attorneys are here to help you protect and profit from your ideas, making sure they re working every bit as hard as you do. Our patent and trade mark attorneys are here to help you protect and profit from your ideas, making sure they re working every bit as hard as you do. Our people work with everyone from multi-nationals

More information

PART TWO POLICIES FOR ADJUSTMENT AND GROWTH

PART TWO POLICIES FOR ADJUSTMENT AND GROWTH PART TWO ICIES FOR ADJUSTMENT AND GROWTH Economic Survey of Europe, 22 No. 1 CHAPTER 4 TECHNOLOGICAL ACTIVITY IN THE ECE REGION DURING THE 199s While the task of estimating the contribution of technical

More information

European Research Council

European Research Council ERC Advanced Grants 2011 Outcome: Indicative Statistics Reproduction is authorised provided that the source ERC is acknowledged NB: In these graphs grantee refers to a candidate selected for ERC funding

More information

Master's in midwifery: challenging the present, protecting the future? Valerie Fleming R.M., Ph.D.

Master's in midwifery: challenging the present, protecting the future? Valerie Fleming R.M., Ph.D. Master's in midwifery: challenging the present, protecting the future? Valerie Fleming R.M., Ph.D. Master s graduates Demonstrate knowledge and understanding that is founded upon and extends and/or enhances

More information

SURVEY ON THE TRAINING OF GENERAL CARE NURSES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. The current minimum training requirements for general care nurses

SURVEY ON THE TRAINING OF GENERAL CARE NURSES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. The current minimum training requirements for general care nurses SURVEY ON THE TRAINING OF GENERAL CARE NURSES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION This survey serves as a background document for the discussion of the Commission's legislative proposal to modernize the minimum requirements

More information

INNOBAROMETER 2015 - THE INNOVATION TRENDS AT EU ENTERPRISES

INNOBAROMETER 2015 - THE INNOVATION TRENDS AT EU ENTERPRISES Eurobarometer INNOBAROMETER 2015 - THE INNOVATION TRENDS AT EU ENTERPRISES REPORT Fieldwork: February 2015 Publication: September 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

Comparison of annuity markets (OECD National Annuity Markets: Features and Implications, Rusconi 2008) Mercer

Comparison of annuity markets (OECD National Annuity Markets: Features and Implications, Rusconi 2008) Mercer May 2009 Retirement Income/Annuities Around the World What US Policy Makers Might Learn Barbara Marder, Baltimore Global Defined Contribution Consulting Leader www.mercer.com 1 Comparison of annuity markets

More information

Dublin, March 2013. EPSO Network of Experts in the field of Personnel Selection 14th March 2013

Dublin, March 2013. EPSO Network of Experts in the field of Personnel Selection 14th March 2013 Dublin, March 2013 EPSO Network of Experts in the field of Personnel Selection 14th March 2013 On-going and upcoming competitions AD2012 by Citizenship AD2012 Citizenship %EU Population validated application

More information

Study on comparison tools and third-party verification schemes

Study on comparison tools and third-party verification schemes Justice and Consumers Study on comparison tools and third-party verification schemes ECCG 25/03/2015 Julien Brugerolle JUST E6 Introduction Study objectives Explore consumer behavioural patterns in the

More information

in Scotland for holidaymakers from overseas

in Scotland for holidaymakers from overseas in Scotland for holidaymakers from overseas In Scotland, most health care is provided by the National Health Service (NHS). If you are coming to Scotland on holiday or to visit friends or relatives, you

More information

41 T Korea, Rep. 52.3. 42 T Netherlands 51.4. 43 T Japan 51.1. 44 E Bulgaria 51.1. 45 T Argentina 50.8. 46 T Czech Republic 50.4. 47 T Greece 50.

41 T Korea, Rep. 52.3. 42 T Netherlands 51.4. 43 T Japan 51.1. 44 E Bulgaria 51.1. 45 T Argentina 50.8. 46 T Czech Republic 50.4. 47 T Greece 50. Overall Results Climate Change Performance Index 2012 Table 1 Rank Country Score** Partial Score Tendency Trend Level Policy 1* Rank Country Score** Partial Score Tendency Trend Level Policy 21 - Egypt***

More information

Implementing the cooperation mechanisms of the RES directive current status and open questions

Implementing the cooperation mechanisms of the RES directive current status and open questions Implementing the cooperation mechanisms of the RES directive current status and open questions Corinna Klessmann, Ecofys Germany RE-SHAPING Workshop, Vilnius, 16.05.2011 Supported by Intelligent Energy

More information

Energy prices in the EU Household electricity prices in the EU rose by 2.9% in 2014 Gas prices up by 2.0% in the EU

Energy prices in the EU Household electricity prices in the EU rose by 2.9% in 2014 Gas prices up by 2.0% in the EU 92/2015-27 May 2015 Energy prices in the EU Household electricity prices in the EU rose by 2.9% in 2014 Gas prices up by 2.0% in the EU In the European Union (EU), household electricity prices 1 rose by

More information

GDP per capita, consumption per capita and comparative price levels in Europe

GDP per capita, consumption per capita and comparative price levels in Europe Economy and finance Author: Lars SVENNEBYE Statistics in focus 2008 GDP per capita, consumption per capita and comparative price levels in Europe Final results for 2005 and preliminary results for 2006

More information

INNOVATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: ITS PERCEPTION IN AND IMPACT ON BUSINESS

INNOVATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: ITS PERCEPTION IN AND IMPACT ON BUSINESS Flash Eurobarometer INNOVATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: ITS PERCEPTION IN AND IMPACT ON BUSINESS REPORT Fieldwork: February-March 22 Publication: June 22 This survey has been requested by the European Commission,

More information

INVESTING IN INTANGIBLES: ECONOMIC ASSETS AND INNOVATION DRIVERS FOR GROWTH

INVESTING IN INTANGIBLES: ECONOMIC ASSETS AND INNOVATION DRIVERS FOR GROWTH Flash Eurobarometer INVESTING IN INTANGIBLES: ECONOMIC ASSETS AND INNOVATION DRIVERS FOR GROWTH REPORT Fieldwork: January February 213 Publication: May 213 This survey has been requested by the European

More information

THE ROLE OF PUBLIC SUPPORT IN THE COMMERCIALISATION OF INNOVATIONS

THE ROLE OF PUBLIC SUPPORT IN THE COMMERCIALISATION OF INNOVATIONS Flash Eurobarometer THE ROLE OF PUBLIC SUPPORT IN THE COMMERCIALISATION OF INNOVATIONS REPORT Fieldwork: January February 2014 Publication: May 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission,

More information

OVERVIEW OF PURCHASE AND TAX INCENTIVES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES IN THE EU

OVERVIEW OF PURCHASE AND TAX INCENTIVES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES IN THE EU 01.04.2014 OVERVIEW OF PURCHASE AND TAX INCENTIVES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES IN THE EU This table provides an overview of the incentives that are granted in the Member States of the European Union for the

More information

The coverage rate of social benefits. Research note 9/2013

The coverage rate of social benefits. Research note 9/2013 Research note 9/2013 SOCIAL SITUATION OBSERVATORY INCOME DISTRIBUTION AND LIVING CONDITIONS APPLICA (BE), EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR THE EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY AND RESEARCH (AT), ISER UNIVERSITY

More information

User language preferences online. Analytical report

User language preferences online. Analytical report Flash Eurobarometer 313 The Gallup Organization Flash Eurobarometer European Commission User language preferences online Analytical report Fieldwork: January 2011 Publication: May 2011 This survey was

More information

CO2 BASED MOTOR VEHICLE TAXES IN THE EU IN 2015

CO2 BASED MOTOR VEHICLE TAXES IN THE EU IN 2015 CO2 BASED MOTOR VEHICLE TAXES IN THE EU IN 2015 COUNTRY AT (AUSTRIA) BE (BELGIUM) BG (BULGARIA) CO2/FUEL CONSUMPTION TAXES A fuel consumption tax (Normverbrauchsabgabe or NoVA) is levied upon the first

More information

How To Study The Small Ruminant Population In The European Land Animals

How To Study The Small Ruminant Population In The European Land Animals 1 Joint Research Centre (JRC) Economic Analysis of Electronic Identification (EID) of Small Ruminants in Member States IPSC - Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen Ispra - Italy http://ipsc.jrc.ec.europa.eu/

More information

GfK PURCHASING POWER INTERNATIONAL

GfK PURCHASING POWER INTERNATIONAL GfK PURCHASING POWER INTERNATIONAL 1 Agenda 1. Europe 3 2. Americas 45 3. Asia & Near East 54 4. Afrika 66 5. Australia 68 6. Overview of countries and available levels 70 2 2 EUROPE 4 GfK

More information

Analysis of statistics 2015

Analysis of statistics 2015 Analysis of statistics 215 January 216 ECHR Analysis of Statistics 215 Table of Contents Overview of the Court s statistics in 215... 4 A. Number of new applications... 4 B. Applications disposed of judicially

More information

SESAR. Luftfahrttechnologie - Auftaktveranstaltung zum 7. EU-Forschungsrahmenprogramm Wien, 4 Dezember 2006

SESAR. Luftfahrttechnologie - Auftaktveranstaltung zum 7. EU-Forschungsrahmenprogramm Wien, 4 Dezember 2006 Luftfahrttechnologie - Auftaktveranstaltung zum 7. EU-Forschungsrahmenprogramm Wien, 4 Dezember 2006 SESAR Christian Pusch EUROCONTROL Experimental Centre European page 1Organisation of 22 for the Safety

More information

DOCTORAL (Ph.D) THESIS

DOCTORAL (Ph.D) THESIS DOCTORAL (Ph.D) THESIS UNIVERSITY OF KAPOSVÁR FACULTY OF ECONOMIC SCIENCE Department of Finance and Economics Head of Doctors School: DR. GÁBOR UDOVECZ Doctor of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Supervisor:

More information

1. Perception of the Bancruptcy System... 2. 2. Perception of In-court Reorganisation... 4

1. Perception of the Bancruptcy System... 2. 2. Perception of In-court Reorganisation... 4 Bankruptcy Systems and In-court Reorganisation of Firms, 2010 Content: 1. Perception of the Bancruptcy System... 2 2. Perception of In-court Reorganisation... 4 3. Perception of Creditor Committees, Fast

More information

Pan- European region

Pan- European region Call for photographs in support of UNEP s assessment work in the PanEuropean region Background The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is requesting interested persons to participate in this call

More information

ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS

ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS Erasmus+ Master Loan: opening up access to more affordable lending for cross-border studies The Erasmus+ programme makes it possible for students who want to take a full Masters level

More information

EUROPEAN YOUTH: PARTICIPATION IN DEMOCRATIC LIFE

EUROPEAN YOUTH: PARTICIPATION IN DEMOCRATIC LIFE Flash Eurobarometer EUROPEAN YOUTH: PARTICIPATION IN DEMOCRATIC LIFE REPORT Fieldwork: April 2013 Publication: May 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for

More information

INTRODUCTION... 2. I. Participation in the 2014 European elections... 3

INTRODUCTION... 2. I. Participation in the 2014 European elections... 3 ?? Directorate-General for Communication PUBLIC OPINION MONITORING UNIT 2014 EUROPEAN ELECTIONS DESK RESEARCH Brussels, April 2015 Profile of voters and abstainees in the European elections 2014 INTRODUCTION...

More information

EUROPEAN AREA OF SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS

EUROPEAN AREA OF SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS EUROPEAN AREA OF SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS REPORT Fieldwork: April - May 2014 Publication: June 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Education and Culture

More information

I have asked for asylum in the EU which country will handle my claim?

I have asked for asylum in the EU which country will handle my claim? EN I have asked for asylum in the EU which country will handle my claim? A Information about the Dublin Regulation for applicants for international protection pursuant to article 4 of Regulation (EU) No

More information

Public Debt and Contingent Liabilities: A Cross-Country Comparison

Public Debt and Contingent Liabilities: A Cross-Country Comparison Public Debt and Contingent Liabilities: A Cross-Country Comparison Melchior Vella and Gevit Duca * 1. Contingent Liabilities 1.1 What are contingent liabilities? Contingent liabilities are obligations

More information

EUROPEAN CITIZENS DIGITAL HEALTH LITERACY

EUROPEAN CITIZENS DIGITAL HEALTH LITERACY Flash Eurobarometer EUROPEAN CITIZENS DIGITAL HEALTH LITERACY REPORT Fieldwork: September 2014 Publication: November 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Research, development and innovation are key policy components of the EU strategy for economic growth: Europe 2020. By fostering market take-up of new, innovative

More information

RETAILERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS CROSS- BORDER TRADE AND CONSUMER PROTECTION

RETAILERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS CROSS- BORDER TRADE AND CONSUMER PROTECTION Eurobarometer RETAILERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS CROSS- BORDER TRADE AND CONSUMER PROTECTION REPORT Fieldwork: September - October 2012 Publication: June 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission,

More information

Greece Country Profile

Greece Country Profile Greece Country Profile EU Tax Centre March 2013 Key factors for efficient cross-border tax planning involving Greece EU Member State Double Tax Treaties With: Albania Estonia Lithuania Serbia Armenia Finland

More information

Minimum Wage Protection Current German and European Debates

Minimum Wage Protection Current German and European Debates Årskonferanse i Fafo Østforum Fire år etter EU-utvidelsen: Status og framtidsperspektiver Oslo, 3 June 2008 Minimum Wage Protection Current German and European Debates Thorsten Schulten Wirtschafts- und

More information

Private Sector Debt Dívida do Sector Privado. dossiers. Economic Outlook Conjuntura Económica. Conjuntura Económica.

Private Sector Debt Dívida do Sector Privado. dossiers. Economic Outlook Conjuntura Económica. Conjuntura Económica. dossiers Economic Outlook Private Sector Debt Dívida do Sector Privado Last Update Última Actualização:12/08/2015 Portugal Economy Probe (PE Probe) Prepared by PE Probe Preparado por PE Probe Copyright

More information

Finnish foreign trade 2014 Figures and diagrams. 27.2.2015 FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1

Finnish foreign trade 2014 Figures and diagrams. 27.2.2015 FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1 Finnish foreign trade 214 Figures and diagrams 27.2.215 FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1 IMPORTS, EXPORTS AND TRADE BALANCE 199-214 7 billion e 6 5 4 3 2 1-1 9 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

More information

Guidelines for Applicants: Advanced Training Course

Guidelines for Applicants: Advanced Training Course Emerging Security Challenges Division Guidelines for Applicants: Advanced Training Course Introduction The NATO (SPS) seeks to enhance cooperation and dialogue with all partners through civil science and

More information

PORTABILITY OF SOCIAL SECURITY AND HEALTH CARE BENEFITS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM

PORTABILITY OF SOCIAL SECURITY AND HEALTH CARE BENEFITS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM PORTABILITY OF SOCIAL SECURITY AND HEALTH CARE BENEFITS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM Johanna Avato Human Development Network Social Protection and Labor The World Bank Background study March 2008 The UK Social

More information

SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS

SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS Eurobarometer SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS REPORT Fieldwork: September 2013 Publication: December 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for

More information

INTERNATIONAL TRADEMARK REGISTRATION UNDER THE MADRID PROTOCOL

INTERNATIONAL TRADEMARK REGISTRATION UNDER THE MADRID PROTOCOL INTERNATIONAL TRADEMARK REGISTRATION UNDER THE MADRID PROTOCOL Presented to The American Bar Association Spring Meeting Washington, D.C., April 24, 2013 Bruce Alexander McDonald BUCHANAN INGERSOLL & ROONEY

More information

Taxation of tobacco products in the European Union. Frank Van Driessche DG Taxation and Customs Union May 2006

Taxation of tobacco products in the European Union. Frank Van Driessche DG Taxation and Customs Union May 2006 1 Taxation of tobacco products in the European Union Frank Van Driessche DG Taxation and Customs Union May 2006 2 Legislation on taxation Directive 92/79/EEC (Approximation of taxes on cigarettes) Directive

More information

ANALYSIS OF THE STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ON

ANALYSIS OF THE STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ON ANALYSIS OF THE STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ON Science and Technology, the key to Europe s future: guidelines for future European policy to support research COM(353)2004 DG Research, European Commission,

More information

72/2015-21 April 2015

72/2015-21 April 2015 72/2015-21 April 2015 Provision of deficit and debt data for 2014 - first notification Euro area and EU28 government deficit at 2.4% and 2.9% of GDP respectively Government debt at 91.9% and 86.8% In 2014,

More information

ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS

ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS Ref. Ares(2015)660570-17/02/2015 ERASMUS+ MASTER LOANS Erasmus+ Master Loan: opening up access to more affordable lending for cross-border studies The Erasmus+ programme makes it possible for students

More information

UEFA Futsal EURO 2013/14 Preliminary & Main Rounds Draw Procedure

UEFA Futsal EURO 2013/14 Preliminary & Main Rounds Draw Procedure UEFA Futsal EURO 2013/14 Preliminary & Main Rounds Draw Procedure UEFA Futsal EURO 2013/14 Preliminary & Main Round Draw Procedure Date: Tuesday, 4 December 2012 Time: Location: 14.00 hours CET UEFA Headquarters,

More information

Broadband markets Digital Agenda Scoreboard 1 2014

Broadband markets Digital Agenda Scoreboard 1 2014 Broadband markets Digital Agenda Scoreboard 2014 1 Broadband coverage: Basic broadband is available to everyone in the EU, while fixed technologies cover 97% leaving 6 million homes unconnected. Next Generation

More information

Computing our Future Computer programming and coding in schools in Europe. Anja Balanskat, Senior Manager European Schoolnet

Computing our Future Computer programming and coding in schools in Europe. Anja Balanskat, Senior Manager European Schoolnet Computing our Future Computer programming and coding in schools in Europe Anja Balanskat, Senior Manager European Schoolnet ABOUT THE SURVEY What do Ministries currently think about the topic? Curricula

More information

Electricity, Gas and Water: The European Market Report 2014

Electricity, Gas and Water: The European Market Report 2014 Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/2876228/ Electricity, Gas and Water: The European Market Report 2014 Description: The combined European annual demand for electricity,

More information

International Call Services

International Call Services International Call Services Affordable rates for business calls. Wherever you are in the world. We ve got plenty to say when it comes to staying in touch when you re overseas. We have agreements with 443

More information

Broadband Coverage in Europe Final Report 2009 Survey Data as of 31 December 2008. DG INFSO 80106 December 2009 IDATE 1

Broadband Coverage in Europe Final Report 2009 Survey Data as of 31 December 2008. DG INFSO 80106 December 2009 IDATE 1 Broadband Coverage in Europe Final Report 2009 Survey Data as of 31 December 2008 DG INFSO 80106 December 2009 IDATE 1 Table of contents 1. Methodological notes...5 2. Executive summary...7 3. European

More information

Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems POLICE

Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems POLICE Indicators as defined by the (- ) POLICE 2. Crimes recorded in criminal (police) statistics, by type of crime including attempts to commit crimes 2.2 Total recorded intentional homicide, completed (c)

More information

World Consumer Income and Expenditure Patterns

World Consumer Income and Expenditure Patterns World Consumer Income and Expenditure Patterns 2014 14th edi tion Euromonitor International Ltd. 60-61 Britton Street, EC1M 5UX TableTypeID: 30010; ITtableID: 22914 Income Algeria Income Algeria Income

More information

Social dumping and free movement: Overview of current issues from an economic point of view

Social dumping and free movement: Overview of current issues from an economic point of view Social dumping and free movement: Overview of current issues from an economic point of view Prof. dr. Jozef Pacolet & Frederic De Wispelaere Design Charles & Ray Eames - Hang it all Vitra Statistics on

More information

Funding and network opportunities for cluster internationalization

Funding and network opportunities for cluster internationalization BSR Innovation Express: Cluster- to- Cluster Conference Funding and network opportunities for cluster internationalization Jens Peter Vittrup Special Adviser Email: jpv@ai.dk Why international R&I cooperation?

More information

187/2014-5 December 2014. EU28, euro area and United States GDP growth rates % change over the previous quarter

187/2014-5 December 2014. EU28, euro area and United States GDP growth rates % change over the previous quarter 187/2014-5 December 2014 This News Release has been revised following an error in the data for Gross Fixed Capital Formation. This affects both the growth of GFCF and its contribution to GDP growth. All

More information

SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS

SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS Flash Eurobarometer 381 SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS SUMMARY Fieldwork: September 2013 Publication: December 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

99/2015-9 June 2015. EU28, euro area and United States GDP growth rates % change over the previous quarter

99/2015-9 June 2015. EU28, euro area and United States GDP growth rates % change over the previous quarter 2005Q1 2005Q2 2005Q3 2005Q4 2006Q1 2006Q2 2006Q3 2006Q4 2007Q1 2007Q2 2007Q3 2007Q4 2008Q1 2008Q2 2008Q3 2008Q4 2009Q1 2009Q2 2009Q3 2009Q4 2010Q1 2010Q2 2010Q3 2010Q4 2011Q1 2011Q2 2011Q3 2011Q4 2012Q1

More information

COMPANIES ENGAGED IN ONLINE ACTIVITIES

COMPANIES ENGAGED IN ONLINE ACTIVITIES Flash Eurobarometer 413 COMPANIES ENGAGED IN ONLINE ACTIVITIES SUMMARY Fieldwork: January-February 2015 Publication: May 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

Labour Force Survey 2014 Almost 10 million part-time workers in the EU would have preferred to work more Two-thirds were women

Labour Force Survey 2014 Almost 10 million part-time workers in the EU would have preferred to work more Two-thirds were women 75/2015-27 April 2015 Labour Force Survey 2014 Almost 10 million part-time workers in the EU would have preferred to work more Two-thirds were women Among the 44.1 million persons in the European Union

More information

PREFERENCES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOURISM

PREFERENCES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOURISM Flash Eurobarometer 414 PREFERENCES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOURISM SUMMARY Fieldwork: January 2015 Publication: March 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for

More information

Poverty and Social Exclusion in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern European Member States. Michael Knogler

Poverty and Social Exclusion in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern European Member States. Michael Knogler Department of Economics Policy Issues No. May 1 Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung Landshuter Straße, D-937 Regensburg Telefon: ++9 (9 1) 93 5-1 E-Mail: info@ios-regensburg.de Internet: www.ios-regensburg.de

More information

EUROPE 2020 TARGET: EARLY LEAVERS FROM EDUCATION AND TRAINING

EUROPE 2020 TARGET: EARLY LEAVERS FROM EDUCATION AND TRAINING EUROPE 2020 TARGET: EARLY LEAVERS FROM EDUCATION AND TRAINING By 2020, the share of early leavers from education and training (aged 18-24) should be less than 10% Early school leaving 1 is an obstacle

More information

Supported Payment Methods

Supported Payment Methods Supported Payment Methods Global In the global payments market, credit cards are the most popular payment method. However, BlueSnap expands the payment selection by including not only the major credit

More information

EUROPEANS SATISFACTION WITH RAIL SERVICES

EUROPEANS SATISFACTION WITH RAIL SERVICES Flash Eurobarometer 382a EUROPEANS SATISFACTION WITH RAIL SERVICES SUMMARY Fieldwork: September 2013 Publication: December 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

Private health insurance: second-best or second-worst solution? Sarah Thomson EHMA VHI MASTERCLASS Milan, 27 June 2013

Private health insurance: second-best or second-worst solution? Sarah Thomson EHMA VHI MASTERCLASS Milan, 27 June 2013 Private health insurance: second-best or second-worst solution? Sarah Thomson EHMA VHI MASTERCLASS Milan, 27 June 2013 VHI as a policy tool Policy goals Research findings Policy design Regulation Over

More information

PREFERENCES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOURISM

PREFERENCES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOURISM Eurobarometer PREFERENCES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOURISM REPORT Fieldwork: January 2014 Publication: February 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Enterprise

More information

HOW COMPANIES INFLUENCE OUR SOCIETY: CITIZENS VIEW

HOW COMPANIES INFLUENCE OUR SOCIETY: CITIZENS VIEW Flash Eurobarometer HOW COMPANIES INFLUENCE OUR SOCIETY: CITIZENS VIEW REPORT Fieldwork: October-November 2012 Publication: April 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

Monitoring the social impact of the crisis: public perceptions in the European Union (wave 6) REPORT

Monitoring the social impact of the crisis: public perceptions in the European Union (wave 6) REPORT Eurobarometer Monitoring the social impact of the crisis: public perceptions in the European Union (wave 6) REPORT Fieldwork: December 2011 Publication: April 2012 This survey has been requested by Directorate-General

More information

Technical & Trade Schools Europe Report

Technical & Trade Schools Europe Report Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/3106479/ Technical & Trade Schools Europe Report Description: TECHNICAL & TRADE SCHOOLS EUROPE REPORT The Technical & Trade Schools

More information

SURVEY OF SCHOOLS: ICT IN EDUCATION COUNTRY PROFILE: CZECH REPUBLIC

SURVEY OF SCHOOLS: ICT IN EDUCATION COUNTRY PROFILE: CZECH REPUBLIC SURVEY OF SCHOOLS: ICT IN EDUCATION COUNTRY PROFILE: CZECH REPUBLIC November 2012 This report was prepared by the Contractor: European Schoolnet and University of Liège under contract SMART 2010/0039.

More information

Direct Life Insurance Carrier Lines Europe Report

Direct Life Insurance Carrier Lines Europe Report Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/3106712/ Direct Life Insurance Carrier Lines Europe Report Description: DIRECT LIFE INSURANCE CARRIER LINES EUROPE REPORT The Direct

More information

Supported Payment Methods

Supported Payment Methods Sell Globally in a Snap Supported Payment Methods Global In the global payments market, credit cards are the most popular payment method. However, BlueSnap expands the payment selection by including not

More information

Market Performance Report - For Business & Country

Market Performance Report - For Business & Country Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/3107242/ Credit Card Issuing Lines Europe Report Description: CREDIT CARD ISSUING LINES EUROPE REPORT The Credit Card Issuing Lines

More information

Unmarried births turn UK into the family breakdown capital of Western Europe

Unmarried births turn UK into the family breakdown capital of Western Europe Unmarried births turn UK into the family breakdown capital of Western Europe Harry Benson, The Marriage Foundation, October 2014 Family breakdown affecting children can only come from one of two sources:

More information

Edith Soghomonyan National Erasmus+ Office Armenia. American University of Armenia

Edith Soghomonyan National Erasmus+ Office Armenia. American University of Armenia Edith Soghomonyan National Erasmus+ Office Armenia American University of Armenia 1 OUTLINE Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degrees (EMJMD) General overview How to participate as an Organisation/ Selection

More information

COST Presentation. COST Office Brussels, 2013. ESF provides the COST Office through a European Commission contract

COST Presentation. COST Office Brussels, 2013. ESF provides the COST Office through a European Commission contract COST Presentation COST Office Brussels, 2013 COST is supported by the EU Framework Programme ESF provides the COST Office through a European Commission contract What is COST? COST is the oldest and widest

More information

BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE EU

BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE EU Flash Eurobarometer BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE EU REPORT Fieldwork: March-April 22 Publication: November 22 This survey has been requested by Directorate-General for Justice

More information

YOUNG PEOPLE AND DRUGS

YOUNG PEOPLE AND DRUGS Eurobarometer YOUNG PEOPLE AND DRUGS REPORT Fieldwork: June 2014 Publication: August 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Justice and co-ordinated by

More information

Steven Allender, Peter Scarborough, Viv Peto and Mike Rayner

Steven Allender, Peter Scarborough, Viv Peto and Mike Rayner 2008 edition Steven Allender, Peter Scarborough, Viv Peto and Mike Rayner British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group Department of Public Health, University of Oxford Jose Leal, Ramon Luengo-Fernandez

More information

individuals pooling of funds Stewardship of financing collection of funds ARMENIA Health Financing Policy Paper 2007/3

individuals pooling of funds Stewardship of financing collection of funds ARMENIA Health Financing Policy Paper 2007/3 provision of services Stewardship of financing purchasing of services pooling of funds individuals collection of funds Voluntary health insurance in ARMENIA issues and options Health Financing Policy Paper

More information

THE ORGANISATION AND FINANCING OF HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN LATVIA

THE ORGANISATION AND FINANCING OF HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN LATVIA THE ORGANISATION AND FINANCING OF HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN LATVIA Eriks Mikitis Ministry of Health of the Republic of Latvia Department of Health Care Director General facts, financial resources Ministry

More information

Technical & Trade School Lines Europe Report

Technical & Trade School Lines Europe Report Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/3106478/ Technical & Trade School Lines Europe Report Description: TECHNICAL & TRADE SCHOOL LINES EUROPE REPORT The Technical &

More information

Term 1 Assignment AP European History

Term 1 Assignment AP European History Term 1 Assignment AP European History To Incoming Sophomores Enrolled in AP European History for the 2015-2016 Year: This course is probably different than any you have completed thus far in your educational

More information

financing policy: a guide for decision-makers Health Financing Policy Paper 2008/1 individuals pooling of funds Stewardship of financing

financing policy: a guide for decision-makers Health Financing Policy Paper 2008/1 individuals pooling of funds Stewardship of financing provision of services Stewardship of financing purchasing of services pooling of funds individuals collection of funds Health financing policy: a guide for decision-makers Health Financing Policy Paper

More information

Netherlands Country Profile

Netherlands Country Profile Netherlands Country Profile EU Tax Centre March 2012 Key factors for efficient cross-border tax planning involving Netherlands EU Member State Yes Double Tax Treaties With: Albania Czech Rep. Jordan Nigeria

More information

Residential Mental, Health & Substance Abuse Facility Lines Europe Report

Residential Mental, Health & Substance Abuse Facility Lines Europe Report Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/3107065/ Residential Mental, Health & Substance Abuse Facility Lines Europe Report Description: RESIDENTIAL MENTAL, HEALTH & SUBSTANCE

More information

Business Mobile Plans

Business Mobile Plans PRODUCT SOLUTIONS Business Mobile Plans GUERNSEY Whatever the size of your business, we can provide the ideal mobile solution for you. Our tariffs are flexible to suit all kinds of businesses and are designed

More information

MIT U.S. Income Tax Presentation Non US Resident Students

MIT U.S. Income Tax Presentation Non US Resident Students MIT U.S. Income Tax Presentation Non US Resident Students PwC Boston Nabih Daaboul Carol McNeil Rich Wagman 1 Basic U.S. Tax Overview for International Students A foreign national is a person born outside

More information

DCA QUESTIONNAIRE V0.1-1 INTRODUCTION AND IDENTIFICATION OF THE DATA CENTRE

DCA QUESTIONNAIRE V0.1-1 INTRODUCTION AND IDENTIFICATION OF THE DATA CENTRE DCA QUESTIONNAIRE V0.1-1 INTRODUCTION AND IDENTIFICATION OF THE DATA CENTRE Introduction - The EuroVO-DCA Census questionnaire The Euro-VO Data Centre Alliance (http://www.euro-vo.org/pub/dca/overview.html)

More information

EUROPE 2020 TARGET: TERTIARY EDUCATION ATTAINMENT

EUROPE 2020 TARGET: TERTIARY EDUCATION ATTAINMENT EUROPE 2020 TARGET: TERTIARY EDUCATION ATTAINMENT Low tertiary or equivalent education attainment levels create skills bottlenecks in knowledgeintensive economic sectors and hamper productivity, innovation

More information