Goiter. This reference summary explains goiters. It covers symptoms and causes of the condition, as well as treatment options.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Goiter. This reference summary explains goiters. It covers symptoms and causes of the condition, as well as treatment options."

Transcription

1 Goiter Introduction The thyroid gland is located at the base of your neck. If the gland becomes abnormally enlarged, it is called a goiter. Goiters usually do not cause pain. But a large goiter could cause a cough. It could make it hard for you to swallow or breathe. This reference summary explains goiters. It covers symptoms and causes of the condition, as well as treatment options. Anatomy of the Thyroid Gland The thyroid is a gland located at the front of your neck. It sits beneath your voice box, also called the larynx. The thyroid is above your collarbone and just below your Adam's apple. The thyroid has 2 parts and is shaped like a butterfly. These parts are called lobes. The thyroid gland makes several hormones that the body needs in order to be healthy, including thyroid hormone and calcitonin. Thyroid hormones affect: Heart rate. Blood pressure. Body temperature. Body weight. Calcitonin helps the body have a healthy level of calcium. The thyroid gland needs iodine to function normally. Iodine is an element that is not made by the body. It is found in various foods. A goiter is an enlarged thyroid. Thyroid Gland 1

2 Symptoms Not all goiters cause symptoms. When signs and symptoms of a goiter do happen, they may include: A visible swelling at the base of your neck. It usually takes several years for a goiter to become noticeable. A tight feeling in your throat. Other goiter symptoms include: Coughing. Hoarseness. Swallowing or breathing problems. Small goiters that don't cause physical or cosmetic problems aren't a concern. But large goiters can make it hard for you to breathe or swallow. They can cause a cough and hoarseness. Goiters that result from thyroid conditions can cause symptoms such as: Fatigue. Weight gain or weight loss. Irritability. Trouble sleeping. If you have symptoms of a goiter, contact your health care provider. Causes There are several possible causes of goiters. A goiter can happen without a known cause. The most common cause of goiters worldwide is a lack of iodine in peoples diets. Iodine is needed for the thyroid gland to make hormones. Iodine is mostly found in seawater and in the soil in coastal areas. Goiters may happen to people who live in places where the water and soil do not have enough iodine. In places where iodized salt is added to table salt and many food products, most people get enough iodine from their diet to prevent goiters. 2

3 In places where iodized salt is common, a goiter is usually caused by a thyroid disorder. Conditions that can affect the amount of hormones the thyroid gland makes include: Hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is also called overactive thyroid. It happens when your thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone. Symptoms include: Anxiety. Bulging eyes. Chest pain. Diarrhea. Weight loss. Hypothyroidism is also called underactive thyroid. It happens when your thyroid gland doesn t produce enough thyroid hormone. Symptoms include: Constipation. Dry skin. Sensitivity to cold. Weight gain. Having a goiter doesn t always mean that your thyroid gland isn t working normally. Even when it is enlarged, it may make a normal amount of hormones. But a goiter may be a sign that your thyroid gland is making too many or too few hormones. Conditions that may cause an overactive or underactive thyroid gland include: Graves disease. Hashimoto s disease. 3

4 In Graves' disease, antibodies produced by your immune system mistakenly attack your thyroid gland. This causes the thyroid to swell and make too much thyroid hormone. Hashimoto's disease is an autoimmune disorder. It damages your thyroid so that it produces too little thyroid hormone. A single thyroid nodule may develop in one part of your thyroid gland. This can cause the gland to become larger. Most nodules are noncancerous, or benign, and do not lead to cancer. A nodule is a growth or lump. Multinodular goiter is a condition where several solid or fluid-filled lumps nodules develop in both sides of your thyroid. This causes the gland to become larger. Goiters may also be caused by: Certain medicines. Infections. Inflammation. Thyroid cancer. Smoking cigarettes. Certain foods may cause goiters. These include: Soy. Peanuts. Vegetables in the broccoli family. Risk Factors People with certain risk factors are more likely than others to develop a goiter. A risk factor is something that may increase the chance of developing a condition. Having one or more risk factors does not mean that a person will get a goiter. It is also possible to develop a goiter without any risk factors. Goiters can affect anyone. They may be present at birth, or they may happen at any time throughout life. But they are most common after age 40. Your chances of developing a goiter increase with age. Other common risk factors for goiter include: Being female. Because women are more prone to thyroid disorders, they're also more likely to develop goiters. Medical history. A personal or family history of an autoimmune disease increases your risk. 4

5 Pregnancy and menopause. For reasons that aren't entirely clear, thyroid problems are more likely to happen during pregnancy and menopause. Radiation exposure. Your risk increases if you've had radiation treatments to your neck or chest area or if you've been exposed to radiation in a nuclear test, nuclear accident or nuclear facility. Diagnosis Your health care provider will perform a physical exam. He or she will ask questions about your personal and family medical history. Your health care provider may discover an enlarged thyroid gland simply by feeling your neck and having you swallow during a routine physical exam. They may also be able to feel the presence of nodules. Diagnosing goiter may also involve: Blood tests. Hormone tests. Ultrasonography. A thyroid scan. A biopsy. During ultrasonography, a wand-like device is held over your neck. Sound waves bounce through your neck and back, forming images on a computer screen. The images reveal the size of your thyroid gland and whether the gland contains nodules. During a thyroid scan, a radioactive isotope is injected into a vein. A camera produces an image of your thyroid gland on a computer screen. A biopsy is the removal of a tissue or fluid sample for testing. Treatment Treatment for a goiter depends on: The size of the goiter. Your signs and symptoms. The underlying cause. 5

6 Treatment may not be needed if your goiter is small and if it doesn t cause problems. If your thyroid is functioning normally, your health care provider may suggest observation. This is also known as monitoring or watching and waiting. If you have hypothyroidism, thyroid hormone replacement therapy will help treat the symptoms of hypothyroidism. Often, the size of the goiter will also decrease. To treat inflammation of your thyroid gland, your health care provider may suggest aspirin or a corticosteroid medication. Aspirin is a drug that reduces pain, fever, inflammation and blood clotting. Corticosteroids are steroid hormones. They reduce inflammation and affect the immune system. For goiters caused by hyperthyroidism, you may need medications to normalize your hormone levels. Your health care provider may recommend surgery if: You have a large goiter that is uncomfortable. Your goiter causes breathing or swallowing problems. Your goiter is caused by nodules. Surgery is also the treatment for thyroid cancer. In some cases, radioactive iodine is used to treat an overactive thyroid gland. It is taken orally and reaches your thyroid gland through your bloodstream. This destroys extra thyroid cells. The treatment makes the goiter smaller. But it may also cause an underactive thyroid gland. Summary The thyroid gland is located at the base of your neck. If the gland becomes abnormally enlarged, it is called a goiter. Goiters usually do not cause pain. But a large goiter can cause a cough. It could make it hard for you to swallow or breathe. 6

7 Not all goiters cause symptoms. When signs and symptoms of a goiter do happen, they may include: A visible swelling at the base of your neck. A tight feeling in your throat. Coughing. Hoarseness. Swallowing or breathing problems. A goiter can happen without a known cause. It can happen if the thyroid gland doesn t make enough thyroid hormone. This can happen if there is not enough iodine in your diet. The thyroid gland grows larger to make up for the shortage of the hormone. The most common cause of goiters worldwide is a lack of iodine in peoples diets. Iodine is needed so that the thyroid gland can make hormones. In places where iodized salt is common, a goiter is more often caused by the production of too many or too few thyroid hormones. Goiters can affect anyone. They may be present at birth, or they may happen at any time throughout life. But they are most common after age 40. Your chances of developing a goiter increase with age. Treatment for a goiter depends on: The size of the goiter. Your signs and symptoms. The underlying cause. To treat inflammation of your thyroid gland, your health care provider may suggest aspirin or a corticosteroid medication. For goiters caused by hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, you may need medications to normalize your hormone levels. Your health care provider may recommend surgery if: You have a large goiter that is uncomfortable. Your goiter causes breathing or swallowing problems. Your goiter is caused by nodules. Surgery is also the treatment for thyroid cancer. Treatment may not be needed if your goiter is small and if it doesn t cause problems. Talk to your health care provider about what treatment is right for you. 7

Thyroid Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand what thyroid cancer is and what treatment options are available.

Thyroid Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand what thyroid cancer is and what treatment options are available. Thyroid Cancer Introduction The thyroid is a gland in the neck. Thyroid cancer is a common type of cancer. It accounts for 1% to 5% of cancer cases worldwide. As medical technology advances, more cases

More information

This handout is for informational purposes only. Talk with your doctor or health care team if you have any questions about your care.

This handout is for informational purposes only. Talk with your doctor or health care team if you have any questions about your care. PATIENT EDUCATION patienteducation.osumc.edu What is the thyroid gland? The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland located in the neck. Your thyroid makes and stores hormones, which help regulate your heart

More information

Thyroid Disorders. Hypothyroidism

Thyroid Disorders. Hypothyroidism 1 There are a number of problems associated with the thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and thyroid nodules will be presented here. The thyroid gland is located in the middle of the neck,

More information

loving life YOUR GUIDE TO YOUR THYROID

loving life YOUR GUIDE TO YOUR THYROID loving life YOUR GUIDE TO YOUR THYROID one THE THYROID two HYPOTHYROIDISM three HYPERTHYROIDISM four TREATING HYPERTHYROIDISM five THYROID NODULES AND GOITRES one THE THYROID What is the thyroid? The thyroid

More information

Graves Disease in Pediatrics

Graves Disease in Pediatrics Graves Disease in Pediatrics Graves disease is a common cause of an overactive thyroid. It occurs in about 1 in 5000 children and teens. It occurs more often in females than males. This booklet is designed

More information

Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the Thyroid

Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the Thyroid Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the Thyroid (but were afraid to ask ) Caroline Messer, MD Board Certified Internist, Endocrinologist, and Physician Nutrition Specialist Topics Thyroid Nodules

More information

Thyroid Disorders. Deaf Health Talks Rochester Recreation Club for the Deaf October 21, 2010

Thyroid Disorders. Deaf Health Talks Rochester Recreation Club for the Deaf October 21, 2010 Thyroid Disorders Deaf Health Talks Rochester Recreation Club for the Deaf October 21, 2010 Supporters Deaf Health Community Committee Members Cathie Armstrong Michael McKee Mistie Cramer Matt Starr Patrick

More information

Thymus Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand what thymus cancer is and what treatment options are available.

Thymus Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand what thymus cancer is and what treatment options are available. Thymus Cancer Introduction Thymus cancer is a rare cancer. It starts in the small organ that lies in the upper chest under the breastbone. The thymus makes white blood cells that protect the body against

More information

Thyroid Problems after Childhood Cancer

Thyroid Problems after Childhood Cancer Thyroid Problems after Childhood Cancer Some people who were treated for cancer during childhood may develop endocrine (hormone) problems as a result of changes in the function of a complex system of glands

More information

Thyroid Tests. National Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Information Service

Thyroid Tests. National Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Information Service Thyroid Tests National Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Information Service What is the thyroid? The thyroid is a 2-inch-long, butterfly-shaped gland weighing less than 1 ounce. Located in the front of

More information

What You Need to Know About LEMTRADA (alemtuzumab) Treatment: A Patient Guide

What You Need to Know About LEMTRADA (alemtuzumab) Treatment: A Patient Guide For Patients What You Need to Know About LEMTRADA (alemtuzumab) Treatment: A Patient Guide Patients: Your doctor or nurse will go over this patient guide with you. It is important to ask any questions

More information

Salivary Gland Disorders

Salivary Gland Disorders Salivary Gland Disorders Introduction Located in your mouth and throat, the salivary glands make saliva. Saliva is the watery fluid in the mouth. There are many problems that can affect the salivary glands.

More information

Thyroid Eye Disease. Anatomy: There are 6 muscles that move your eye.

Thyroid Eye Disease. Anatomy: There are 6 muscles that move your eye. Thyroid Eye Disease Your doctor thinks you have thyroid orbitopathy. This is an autoimmune condition where your body's immune system is producing factors that stimulate enlargement of the muscles that

More information

Thyroid Surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital Frequently Asked Questions

Thyroid Surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital Frequently Asked Questions Thyroid Surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital Frequently Asked Questions Q: What is the thyroid gland? A: The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck. It is one of the

More information

Oxford Centre for Head and Neck Oncology The Thyroid Gland and Thyroid Cancer Information for patients

Oxford Centre for Head and Neck Oncology The Thyroid Gland and Thyroid Cancer Information for patients Oxford Centre for Head and Neck Oncology The Thyroid Gland and Thyroid Cancer Information for patients What is the thyroid gland? The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland which makes hormones that are released

More information

Patient Guide to Radioiodine Treatment For Thyrotoxicosis (Overactive Thyroid Gland or Hyperthyroidism)

Patient Guide to Radioiodine Treatment For Thyrotoxicosis (Overactive Thyroid Gland or Hyperthyroidism) Patient Guide to Radioiodine Treatment For Thyrotoxicosis (Overactive Thyroid Gland or Hyperthyroidism) Your doctor has referred you to Nuclear Medicine for treatment of your overactive thyroid gland.

More information

Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Table of Contents Test Overview Why It Is Done How To Prepare How It Is Done How It Feels Risks Results What Affects the Test What To Think About References Credits Test

More information

Patient Guide. Important information for patients starting therapy with LEMTRADA (alemtuzumab)

Patient Guide. Important information for patients starting therapy with LEMTRADA (alemtuzumab) Patient Guide Important information for patients starting therapy with LEMTRADA (alemtuzumab) This medicinal product is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety

More information

Oxford Centre for Head and Neck Oncology The Thyroid Gland and Thyroid Cancer Information for patients

Oxford Centre for Head and Neck Oncology The Thyroid Gland and Thyroid Cancer Information for patients Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust Oxford Centre for Head and Neck Oncology The Thyroid Gland and Thyroid Cancer Information for patients What is the thyroid gland? The thyroid gland is an endocrine

More information

Thyroid Function Tests

Thyroid Function Tests Thyroid Function Tests National Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Information Service U.S. Department of Health and Human Services NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH What is the thyroid gland? The thyroid is

More information

Mesothelioma. 1995-2013, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com ocft0101 Last reviewed: 03/21/2013 1

Mesothelioma. 1995-2013, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com ocft0101 Last reviewed: 03/21/2013 1 Mesothelioma Introduction Mesothelioma is a type of cancer. It starts in the tissue that lines your lungs, stomach, heart, and other organs. This tissue is called mesothelium. Most people who get this

More information

Lung cancer (non-small-cell)

Lung cancer (non-small-cell) Patient information from the BMJ Group Lung cancer (non-small-cell) It can be devastating to find out that you or someone close to you has lung cancer. You will have to make some important decisions about

More information

Thyroid Cancer. Understanding your diagnosis

Thyroid Cancer. Understanding your diagnosis Thyroid Cancer Understanding your diagnosis Thyroid Cancer Understanding your diagnosis When you first hear that you have cancer, you may feel alone and afraid. You may be overwhelmed by the large amount

More information

Ear, Nose & Throat (ENT) - Head & Neck Surgery. Thyroid Nodules and Thyroid Cancer

Ear, Nose & Throat (ENT) - Head & Neck Surgery. Thyroid Nodules and Thyroid Cancer Ear, Nose & Throat (ENT) - Head & Neck Surgery Thyroid Nodules and Thyroid Cancer The Department of Ear, Nose & Throat (ENT) - Head & Neck Surgery provides a wide range of surgical services for adult patients

More information

Laboratory Test Results

Laboratory Test Results Name: Chris Fineman Date of Test: June 3, 2011 Date of Birth: August 4, 1959 Date of Results: June 7, 2011 TSH: 3.040 uiu/ml TSH: 0.30 3.00 uiu/ml Free T4: 1.28 ng/dl Free T3: 3.7 pg/ml TPO Ab:

More information

Lung Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand lung cancer and the treatment options that are available.

Lung Cancer. This reference summary will help you better understand lung cancer and the treatment options that are available. Lung Cancer Introduction Lung cancer is the number one cancer killer of men and women. Over 165,000 people die of lung cancer every year in the United States. Most cases of lung cancer are related to cigarette

More information

Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease Chronic Kidney Disease Introduction Chronic kidney disease, also known as CKD, is the gradual loss of kidney function. When CKD reaches an advanced stage, dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes and wastes

More information

Colon and Rectal Cancer

Colon and Rectal Cancer Colon and Rectal Cancer What is colon or rectal cancer? Colon or rectal cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in your large intestine, which is also called the large bowel. The colon is the last 5 feet

More information

Health Link. Thyroid Problems after Childhood Cancer. Healthy living after treatment of childhood cancer

Health Link. Thyroid Problems after Childhood Cancer. Healthy living after treatment of childhood cancer Thyroid Problems after Childhood Cancer Some people who were treated for cancer during childhood may develop endocrine (hormone) problems as a result of changes in the function of a complex system of glands

More information

SARCOIDOSIS. Signs and symptoms associated with specific organ involvement can include the following:

SARCOIDOSIS. Signs and symptoms associated with specific organ involvement can include the following: SARCOIDOSIS Sarcoidosis is a disease that occurs when areas of inflammation develop in different organs of the body. Very small clusters of inflammation, called granulomas, are seen with sarcoidosis. They

More information

Breast Cancer. Sometimes cells keep dividing and growing without normal controls, causing an abnormal growth called a tumor.

Breast Cancer. Sometimes cells keep dividing and growing without normal controls, causing an abnormal growth called a tumor. Breast Cancer Introduction Cancer of the breast is the most common form of cancer that affects women but is no longer the leading cause of cancer deaths. About 1 out of 8 women are diagnosed with breast

More information

Introduction Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the breast. Breast cancer happens mainly in women. But men can get it too.

Introduction Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the breast. Breast cancer happens mainly in women. But men can get it too. Male Breast Cancer Introduction Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the breast. Breast cancer happens mainly in women. But men can get it too. Many people do not know that men can get breast

More information

Thyroid Cancer Finding It and Treating It Using Radioiodine

Thyroid Cancer Finding It and Treating It Using Radioiodine Thyroid Cancer Finding It and Treating It Using Radioiodine Your doctor has referred you to Nuclear Medicine to learn more about the extent of your thyroid cancer, and perhaps even for treatment of the

More information

X-Plain Breast Cancer Reference Summary

X-Plain Breast Cancer Reference Summary X-Plain Breast Cancer Reference Summary The risk of breast cancer among Asian Americans living in the U.S. is relatively low compared to caucasian women. However, there is concern that the risk of breast

More information

Understanding thyroid cancer. why?

Understanding thyroid cancer. why? Understanding thyroid cancer why? 1 Introduction if you or someone you know has just been diagnosed with thyroid cancer, you are not alone. The American Cancer Society estimates that over 35,000 new cases

More information

530 10016 (212) 263-7444 (212) 263-0401 LAB:

530 10016 (212) 263-7444 (212) 263-0401 LAB: MANFRED BLUM, M.D. F.A.C.P. NYU School of Medicine 530 First Avenue New York, N.Y. 10016 OFFICE:Phone (212) 263-7444 Fax (212) 263-0401 LAB: Phone (212) 263-7410 Fax: (212) 263-7519 Rev. 7/1/09 FORM 2B

More information

Other Disorders. Disorder name: Congenital Hypothyroidism Acronym: CH. What is CH? Genetic Fact Sheets for Parents

Other Disorders. Disorder name: Congenital Hypothyroidism Acronym: CH. What is CH? Genetic Fact Sheets for Parents Genetic Fact Sheets for Parents Other Disorders Screening, Technology, and Research in Genetics is a multi-state project to improve information about the financial, ethical, legal, and social issues surrounding

More information

SARCOIDOSIS. Signs and symptoms associated with specific organ involvement can include the following:

SARCOIDOSIS. Signs and symptoms associated with specific organ involvement can include the following: SARCOIDOSIS Sarcoidosis is a disease characterized by the presence of granulomas. Ball-like collections of white blood cells, granulomas may be associated with inflammation. The inflammation can damage

More information

Getting A New Pancreas Facts About Pancreas Transplants

Getting A New Pancreas Facts About Pancreas Transplants Release Date October 1, 2003 Revised December 2006 Revised March 2012 Getting A New Pancreas Facts About Pancreas Transplants American Society of Transplantation 1120 Route 73, Suite 200 Mount Laurel,

More information

After reviewing this module, the student will have the ability to:

After reviewing this module, the student will have the ability to: LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reviewing this module, the student will have the ability to: - Approach History & physical exam of patients with thyroid pathology - Understand which patients require surgery

More information

THYROGEN-STIMULATED RADIOACTIVE IODINE (I-131) THERAPY FOR THYROID CANCER FOLLOWED BY WHOLE BODY SCAN

THYROGEN-STIMULATED RADIOACTIVE IODINE (I-131) THERAPY FOR THYROID CANCER FOLLOWED BY WHOLE BODY SCAN MANFRED BLUM, M.D. F.A.C.P. NYU School of Medicine 530 First Avenue New York, N.Y. 10016 OFFICE:Phone (212) 263-7444 Fax (212) 263-0401 LAB: Phone (212) 263-7410 Fax: (212) 263-7519 Rev.7/1/09 FORM 4B

More information

Edema. Edema can also be caused by certain medical conditions or medications. It is also common in pregnant women.

Edema. Edema can also be caused by certain medical conditions or medications. It is also common in pregnant women. Edema Introduction Edema is swelling caused by extra fluid in the tissue of the body. It usually happens in the feet, ankles and legs, but it can involve your entire body. There are many causes of edema,

More information

How lung cancer is diagnosed

How lung cancer is diagnosed This information is an extract from the booklet, Understanding lung cancer. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a copy free see page 5. Contents At the hospital CT (computerised tomography)

More information

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2 Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2 Also called: MEN 2, MEN2 syndrome, Sipple syndrome, Mucosal neuroma syndrome What is multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2? Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 is a genetic

More information

Understanding cancer talk

Understanding cancer talk Understanding cancer talk Doctors may use words you don t understand. It s okay to ask them to explain something again. Understanding cancer advanced disease benign Disease that has spread outside the

More information

Pain Questionnaire. Center for Interventional Pain 1000 Health Center Drive, Suite 106 Mattoon, IL 61938 217-238-4495

Pain Questionnaire. Center for Interventional Pain 1000 Health Center Drive, Suite 106 Mattoon, IL 61938 217-238-4495 Center for Interventional Pain 1000 Health Center Drive, Suite 106 Mattoon, IL 61938 217-238-4495 Pain Questionnaire Date First name Last name Middle initial Date of birth Sex Male Female Height Weight

More information

HEALTH NEWS PROSTATE CANCER THE PROSTATE

HEALTH NEWS PROSTATE CANCER THE PROSTATE HEALTH NEWS PROSTATE CANCER THE PROSTATE Prostate comes from the Greek meaning to stand in front of ; this is very different than prostrate which means to lie down flat. The prostate is a walnut-sized

More information

Lung Cancer. Know how to stay strong

Lung Cancer. Know how to stay strong Lung Cancer Know how to stay strong What is cancer? 2 Cancer is a disease when some cells in the body grow out of control Normal cells Your body has many tiny cells and keeps making new cells to keep you

More information

Mediastinoscopy: Lymph Node Biopsy

Mediastinoscopy: Lymph Node Biopsy Mediastinoscopy: Lymph Node Biopsy When You Need Mediastinoscopy Your doctor thinks that you have a lung problem. Something suspicious may have been found on a test. Your doctor now recommends that you

More information

11. Endocrinology II MEDCHEM 535 Diagnostic Medicinal Chemistry

11. Endocrinology II MEDCHEM 535 Diagnostic Medicinal Chemistry 1 11. Endocrinology II MEDCHEM 535 Diagnostic Medicinal Chemistry B. Thyroid Disorders The primary function of the thyroid gland is to produce and release the hormones triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine

More information

Down s Syndrome Association Medical Series. Notes for parents & carers

Down s Syndrome Association Medical Series. Notes for parents & carers An updated version of one of a series of leaflets available from the Down s Syndrome Association Down s Syndrome Association Medical Series 1. THYROID DISORDER AMONG PEOPLE WITH DOWN S SYNDROME Notes for

More information

PATIENT HISTORY FORM

PATIENT HISTORY FORM PATIENT HISTORY FORM If you are new to the office, have not been seen in over one (1) year, or are returning for a new problem, please complete this form in full. If there have been any changes since your

More information

Understanding Pleural Mesothelioma

Understanding Pleural Mesothelioma Understanding Pleural Mesothelioma UHN Information for patients and families Read this booklet to learn about: What is pleural mesothelioma? What causes it? What are the symptoms? What tests are done to

More information

Get the facts about exposure to I-131 Radiation

Get the facts about exposure to I-131 Radiation Get the facts about exposure to I-131 Radiation U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute Table of Contents How Americans Were Exposed to I-131...

More information

Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin and Cytoxan

Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin and Cytoxan Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin and Cytoxan Introduction Breast cancer is a common condition that affects one out of every 11 women. Your doctor has recommended chemotherapy for your breast

More information

Disease/Illness GUIDE TO ASBESTOS LUNG CANCER. What Is Asbestos Lung Cancer? www.simpsonmillar.co.uk Telephone 0844 858 3200

Disease/Illness GUIDE TO ASBESTOS LUNG CANCER. What Is Asbestos Lung Cancer? www.simpsonmillar.co.uk Telephone 0844 858 3200 GUIDE TO ASBESTOS LUNG CANCER What Is Asbestos Lung Cancer? Like tobacco smoking, exposure to asbestos can result in the development of lung cancer. Similarly, the risk of developing asbestos induced lung

More information

Thyroid Problems after Childhood Cancer

Thyroid Problems after Childhood Cancer after Childhood Cancer Some people who were treated for cancer during childhood may develop endocrine (hormone) problems as a result of changes in the function of a complex system of glands known as the

More information

What is the most important information I should know about ESTRING (an estrogen hormone)?

What is the most important information I should know about ESTRING (an estrogen hormone)? PATIENT INFORMATION ESTRING (estradiol vaginal ring) Read this Patient Information before you start using ESTRING and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not

More information

Breast Lumpectomy and Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

Breast Lumpectomy and Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Breast Lumpectomy and Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Introduction Breast cancer is a common condition that affects millions of women every year. It usually shows up as a lump that can be felt and/or seen on

More information

Neck Content. Anatomy. Blood supply. (Effective February 2007) (1%-3%)

Neck Content. Anatomy. Blood supply. (Effective February 2007) (1%-3%) Neck Content (Effective February 2007) (1%-3%) Anatomy located in the anterior neck at the level of the hyoid cartilage right lobe, left lobe, and isthmus. Each lobe posterolaterally to the carotid artery

More information

Learning about Mouth Cancer

Learning about Mouth Cancer Learning about Mouth Cancer Creation of this material was made possible in part by a pioneering grant from CBCC-USA. Distributed by India Cancer Initiative What is mouth cancer? Our bodies are made up

More information

This reference summary explains platelet disorders. It covers symptoms of these disorders as well as treatment options.

This reference summary explains platelet disorders. It covers symptoms of these disorders as well as treatment options. Platelet Disorders Introduction Platelets are little pieces of blood cells that help wounds heal. They prevent severe bleeding by forming blood clots. Having too few platelets, too many platelets or platelets

More information

Guide to Understanding Breast Cancer

Guide to Understanding Breast Cancer An estimated 220,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with breast cancer each year, and one in eight will be diagnosed during their lifetime. While breast cancer is a serious disease, most patients

More information

Sore Throat. Definition. Causes. (Pharyngitis; Tonsillopharyngitis; Throat Infection) Pronounced: Fare-en-JY-tis /TAHN-sill-oh-fare-en-JY-tis

Sore Throat. Definition. Causes. (Pharyngitis; Tonsillopharyngitis; Throat Infection) Pronounced: Fare-en-JY-tis /TAHN-sill-oh-fare-en-JY-tis Sore Throat (Pharyngitis; Tonsillopharyngitis; Throat Infection) Pronounced: Fare-en-JY-tis /TAHN-sill-oh-fare-en-JY-tis by Jennifer Lewy, MSW En Español (Spanish Version) Definition A sore throat is the

More information

The pituitary gland is divided into two parts, front (anterior) and back (posterior). The anterior pituitary produces several types of hormones:

The pituitary gland is divided into two parts, front (anterior) and back (posterior). The anterior pituitary produces several types of hormones: Pituitary Gland The pituitary gland is sometimes called the "master gland" because of its great influence on the other body organs. Its function is complex and important for overall well-being. The pituitary

More information

Cortisol - contains the active ingredient hydrocortisone

Cortisol - contains the active ingredient hydrocortisone Cortisol - contains the active ingredient hydrocortisone Consumer Medicine Information What is in this leaflet This leaflet answers some common questions about Cortisol. It does not contain all of the

More information

Integrative Treatment of Hypothyroidism

Integrative Treatment of Hypothyroidism What is the thyroid gland? The thyroid gland is an organ that sits at the base of the neck. It is involved in an astonishing number of bodily processes. The gland makes two hormones: T3 (triiodothyronine)

More information

Cancer of the Thyroid Explained

Cancer of the Thyroid Explained Cancer of the Thyroid Explained Patient Information Introduction This leaflet tells you about the condition known as thyroid cancer. We hope it will answer some of the questions that you or those who care

More information

Small cell lung cancer

Small cell lung cancer Small cell lung cancer Small cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. The lungs are a pair of cone-shaped breathing organs that are found within

More information

What you need to know about Thyroid Cancer

What you need to know about Thyroid Cancer What you need to know about Thyroid Cancer This booklet has been designed to help you to learn more about your thyroid cancer. It covers the most important areas and answers some of the frequently asked

More information

In-Patient Radioactive Iodine ( 131 I) Treatment

In-Patient Radioactive Iodine ( 131 I) Treatment In-Patient Radioactive Iodine ( 131 I) Treatment Information for patients and families Princess Margaret Read this booklet to learn: what radioactive iodine treatment is what to expect instructions to

More information

Nose Disorders. This reference summary explains common nose disorders, including symptoms and treatment options. Sinus

Nose Disorders. This reference summary explains common nose disorders, including symptoms and treatment options. Sinus Nose Disorders Introduction Your nose is important to your health. It filters the air you breathe and removes dust and germs. It warms and moistens the air to keep your lungs and the tubes that lead to

More information

THYROID DISEASE IN CHILDREN

THYROID DISEASE IN CHILDREN THYROID DISEASE IN CHILDREN Douglas G. Rogers, M.D. Center for Pediatric and Adolescent Endocrinology Cleveland Clinic Foundation Unfortunately neither I nor any immediate family members have any financial

More information

The one-stop prostate clinic: information for patients

The one-stop prostate clinic: information for patients The one-stop prostate clinic: information for patients What will happen in the clinic? Your doctor has referred you to the clinic because you have a raised PSA (prostate specific antigen), or an abnormal

More information

Pregnancy and the thyroid gland: Important issues for mom and baby

Pregnancy and the thyroid gland: Important issues for mom and baby Pregnancy and the thyroid gland: Important issues for mom and baby Normal Function : Hypothalamic Hypothalamic-Pituitary- Thyroid Axis is Centrally Determined ( - ) T4 T4 T3 ( - ) TRH PITUITARY TSH HYPOTHALAMUS

More information

Diagnosis and Prognosis of Thyroid Cancer

Diagnosis and Prognosis of Thyroid Cancer Main Page Risk Factors Reducing Your Risk Screening Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Overview Chemotherapy Radiation Therapy Surgical Procedures Medications Lifestyle Changes Living With Thyroid Cancer Talking

More information

Bone Marrow Transplantation

Bone Marrow Transplantation Bone Marrow Transplantation Introduction Bone marrow is the spongy tissue inside all of your bones, including your hip and thigh bones. The bone marrow is like a factory that makes different types of blood

More information

Metabolic Disorders , The Patient Education Institute, Inc. idg90101 Last reviewed: 08/14/2014 1

Metabolic Disorders , The Patient Education Institute, Inc.  idg90101 Last reviewed: 08/14/2014 1 Metabolic Disorders Introduction Metabolism is the process your body uses to make energy from the food you eat. Your body can use this fuel right away, or it can store the energy in your body tissues,

More information

Thinking about donating stem cells or bone marrow? Information for potential donors

Thinking about donating stem cells or bone marrow? Information for potential donors Thinking about donating stem cells or bone marrow? Information for potential donors From the Bone Marrow Transplant Team at Hamilton Health Sciences, 2015. Thinking about donating stem cells? Reading this

More information

Thyroid ICD9-CM Crosswalk to ICD10-CM 2015

Thyroid ICD9-CM Crosswalk to ICD10-CM 2015 ICD-9-CM ICD-10-CM 193 Thyroid, malignant neoplasm, primary C73 Malignant neoplasm of thyroid gland 198.89 Thyroid, malignant neoplasm, C79.89 Secondary malignant neoplasm of secondary other specified

More information

THYROID BLOOD TESTS. A negative feedback loop tells the brain that too much or too little T4 and T3 are circulating in the body.

THYROID BLOOD TESTS. A negative feedback loop tells the brain that too much or too little T4 and T3 are circulating in the body. THYROID BLOOD TESTS In order to understand your thyroid blood tests, it s helpful to understand how the thyroid is stimulated to produce its hormones (T4, T3). The following image should help: A negative

More information

WHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT INFORMATION I SHOULD KNOW ABOUT PROVERA (A PROGESTIN HORMONE)?

WHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT INFORMATION I SHOULD KNOW ABOUT PROVERA (A PROGESTIN HORMONE)? PATIENT INFORMATION PROVERA (medroxyprogesterone acetate tablets, USP) Read this PATIENT INFORMATION before you start taking PROVERA and read the patient information each time you refill your PROVERA prescription.

More information

X-Plain Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin, Cytoxan, and Tamoxifen Reference Summary

X-Plain Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin, Cytoxan, and Tamoxifen Reference Summary X-Plain Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin, Cytoxan, and Tamoxifen Reference Summary Introduction Breast cancer is a common condition that affects one out of every 11 women. Your doctor has recommended

More information

touro infirmary spring 2013 Is Your Thyroid Acting Up? Tips for Talking with Your OB/GYN Stay Safe Behind the Wheel

touro infirmary spring 2013 Is Your Thyroid Acting Up? Tips for Talking with Your OB/GYN Stay Safe Behind the Wheel INGoodHealth www.touro.com touro infirmary spring 2013 Is Your Thyroid Acting Up? Tips for Talking with Your OB/GYN Stay Safe Behind the Wheel in good health Is Your Thyroid Acting Up? Women, have you

More information

Once you go home, it is important to take all of the pills prescribed by your doctor; otherwise, the pneumonia infection may come back.

Once you go home, it is important to take all of the pills prescribed by your doctor; otherwise, the pneumonia infection may come back. Pneumonia Guide to Your Recovery www.cpmc.org/learning i learning about your health What are the Causes of Pneumonia? Pneumonia is an inflammation in one or more parts of your lungs. Pneumonia may be caused

More information

Symptoms of Hodgkin lymphoma

Symptoms of Hodgkin lymphoma Produced 28.02.2011 Revision due 28.02.2013 Symptoms of Hodgkin lymphoma Lymphoma is a cancer of cells called lymphocytes. These cells are part of our immune system, which helps us to fight off infections.

More information

Breast cancer. A guide for journalists on breast cancer and its treatment

Breast cancer. A guide for journalists on breast cancer and its treatment Breast cancer A guide for journalists on breast cancer and its treatment Contents Contents 2 3 Section 1: Breast Cancer 4 i. What is breast cancer? 4 ii. Types of breast cancer 4 iii. Causes and risk factors

More information

Cancer of the Cervix

Cancer of the Cervix Cancer of the Cervix WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500 A woman's cervix (the opening of the uterus) is lined with cells. Cancer of the cervix occurs when those cells change,

More information

Thyroid Eye Disease. A Patient s Guide

Thyroid Eye Disease. A Patient s Guide Sashank Prasad, MD www.brighamandwomens.org/neuro-ophthalmology A Patient s Guide Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Prognosis What are the symptoms of Thyroid Eye Disease? Patients with Thyroid Eye Disease

More information

Multiple Myeloma. This reference summary will help you understand multiple myeloma and its treatment options.

Multiple Myeloma. This reference summary will help you understand multiple myeloma and its treatment options. Multiple Myeloma Introduction Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that affects white blood cells. Each year, thousands of people find out that they have multiple myeloma. This reference summary will help

More information

UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION. Xofigo Therapy. For metastatic prostate cancer. What is Xofigo? How does it work?

UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION. Xofigo Therapy. For metastatic prostate cancer. What is Xofigo? How does it work? UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION Xofigo Therapy For metastatic prostate cancer This handout explains how the drug Xofigo is used to treat metastatic prostate cancer. What is Xofigo? Xofigo is a radioactive

More information

Mitoxantrone. For multiple sclerosis. InfoNEURO INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS. Montreal Neurological Hospital

Mitoxantrone. For multiple sclerosis. InfoNEURO INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS. Montreal Neurological Hospital i InfoNEURO Montreal Neurological Hospital INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS Mitoxantrone For multiple sclerosis Centre universitaire de santé McGill McGill University Health Centre Collaborators: D. Lowden Clinical

More information

Iodine- 131 Therapy for Hyperthyroidism PROCEDURAL CONSENT FORM. A. Interpreter / cultural needs. D. Women of child bearing age. B.

Iodine- 131 Therapy for Hyperthyroidism PROCEDURAL CONSENT FORM. A. Interpreter / cultural needs. D. Women of child bearing age. B. The State of Queensland (Queensland Health), 2014. Except as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part of this work may be reproduced, communicated or adapted without permission from Queensland Health.

More information

NEURO-OPHTHALMIC QUESTIONNAIRE NAME: AGE: DATE OF EXAM: CHART #: (Office Use Only)

NEURO-OPHTHALMIC QUESTIONNAIRE NAME: AGE: DATE OF EXAM: CHART #: (Office Use Only) PAGE 1 NEURO-OPHTHALMIC QUESTIONNAIRE NAME: AGE: DATE OF EXAM: CHART #: (Office Use Only) 1. What is the main problem that you are having? (If additional space is required, please use the back of this

More information

Introduction Hemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder in which the blood does not clot normally. About 1 in 10,000 people are born with hemophilia.

Introduction Hemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder in which the blood does not clot normally. About 1 in 10,000 people are born with hemophilia. Hemophilia Introduction Hemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder in which the blood does not clot normally. About 1 in 10,000 people are born with hemophilia. Hemophilia can be mild, moderate, or severe.

More information

Thyroid Cancer Overview

Thyroid Cancer Overview Thyroid Cancer Overview The information that follows is an overview of this type of cancer. It is based on the more detailed information in our document, Thyroid Cancer. This document and other information

More information

Benign Breast Diseases

Benign Breast Diseases Benign Breast Diseases Most women have changes in their breasts during their lifetime. Many of these changes are caused by hormones. For example, your breasts may feel more lumpy or tender at different

More information

Thyroid Cancer. What is thyroid cancer? The thyroid gland

Thyroid Cancer. What is thyroid cancer? The thyroid gland Thyroid Cancer What is thyroid cancer? Cancer starts when cells in the body begin to grow out of control. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer, and can spread to other areas of the body.

More information

THYROID CANCER. I. Introduction

THYROID CANCER. I. Introduction THYROID CANCER I. Introduction There are over 11,000 new cases of thyroid cancer each year in the US. Females are more likely to have thyroid cancer than men by a ratio of 3:1, and it is more common in

More information

Thyroidectomy. an operation to remove all or part of the thyroid gland. Information for patients

Thyroidectomy. an operation to remove all or part of the thyroid gland. Information for patients Thyroidectomy an operation to remove all or part of the thyroid gland Information for patients page 2 What is the thyroid gland? The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland which makes hormones that are released

More information