Knowledge and Data in Road Safety Management - Research at the Center for Road Safety

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Knowledge and Data in Road Safety Management - Research at the Center for Road Safety"

Transcription

1 Knowledge and Data in Road Safety Management - Research at the Center for Road Safety by Andrew Tarko Professor of Civil Engineering Director of Center for Road Safety School of Civil Engineering Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana, USA International Seminar on Road Safety Research La Universidad de los Andes November 19, 2012, Bogota, Colombia

2 Can Road Safety be Managed? It can if: The current safety is known The consequences of potential actions can be predicted The relevant countermeasures exist and can be identified The safety can be monitored to verify the predictions and the correctness of actions

3 Measuring Safety Bad news safety is difficult to measure The biggest challenge is to measure safety here and now (probability of crash and expected severity of its outcome) It is much easier to measure aggregate safety afterwards: in long periods in large areas for large groups of road user

4

5 Acquiring Knowledge Statistical analysis of observational data (causal relationship may be questioned) Experiments with postulated relevance to safety and without exposure context Good news modern surveillance, naturalistic driving (still observational)

6 Safety Factors Contribution (Great Britain and USA) Human factors (93%) 57% 6% 3% 27% 3% Roadway factors (34%) 2% 1% Vehicle factors (12%) Source: 6

7 What Knowledge Is Transferrable? Qualitative knowledge explaining safety-related behavior and performance General classification of which countermeasures work based on principles of physics, biomechanics, etc. Methods and processes for safety management based on mathematics, statistics, and optimization theory

8 (Tarko, 2009) Example - Speed Selection

9 Example - Speed Selection Speed selected = 130 km/h if speed limit is ignored (Elvik, 2009)

10 Example Transferrable Knowledge Perceived risk grows slower than actual risk Enforcing speed limits is needed Explains aggressiveness of young drivers (low risk perception) Explains ignoring unreasonably low speed limits (too high cost of complying) Consistent with observed fast driving under time pressure (high value of time)

11 Another Example - Power Model (Elvik, 2009) Crash Modification Factor = (Speed after/speed before) Exponent Power model exponent was believed to be universal only dependant on the severity of crash outcome

12 Another Example - Power Model Exponents (Elvik, 2009)

13 Freeway Crash Severity States comparison for freeway crashes many conditions controlled Injury Odds Ratio State Run-off-road Crash Multiple-vehicle Same-dir Crash IN 1 1 OH IL MO WA NY OR CO (Villwock, Blond, and Tarko, 2008)

14 What Knowledge May not be Transferrable? Safety Performance Functions Crash Modification Factors Cost of crashes This knowledge is also subject to aging (Persaud, et al., 2003; Sacchi, et al., 2011; Sacchi, et al., 2012)

15

16 Two Uses of Data 1. Research: To acquire knowledge and to develop methods useful for safety management, and 2. Management: To identify safety problems and to propose most effective countermeasures

17 Safety Data Needs 17

18 Minimum Data Requirement Crash reports Basic infrastructure inventory Traffic volumes

19 Crash Reports Primary source of safety information Determines the quality of safety management Vary between countries and jurisdictions Underreporting Most important data are most troublesome: Crash location (Indiana: 1995 linear reference, 45-50% known; 2012 GIS coordinates, 80% known; future point and click ) Injury severity (Indiana: fatalities 30 day update, good quality; other outcomes determined by investigating police officers)

20 Crash Reports Crash location (Where) GIS Address Linear reference GPS receiver Point & Click Geo-code 20

21 Crash Data Geo-coding Digitize Geocode Crash database

22 Crash Data Electronic Report and Point and Click Technique Crash database

23 Crash Reports Injury Data K Fatal Crash Injury Severity A Incapacitating injury B Non-incap. injury C Possible injury O Property damage 23

24 (Tarko, et al., 2010) Injury Data Police-based vs. Hospital-based

25 Linked Police-hospital Data (Indiana CODES Project) Better measurement of injury level Hospital data available only for more severe cases Selection biased addressed via bivariate model of outcome and selection (Tarko and Azam, 2011)

26 Road Infrastructure Data Road classification Administration Functional Cross-section information GIS representation Segments Intersections Bridges Ramps Interchanges 26

27 Road Representation Intersections - limits Segments - splitting 27

28 Traffic Data Critical exposure information Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT) Typically, available only for major roads Mitigation for local roads: use proxy exposure such as land use, proximity of arterial roads, etc. (Tarko and Azam, 2009)

29 CRS Road Safety Database Data Details Source Road network 440,000 state and local roads segments, 200,000 intersections Indiana Department Road data Cross-section data for state and major local roads of Transportation AADT State road segments Crash data 24 years, 8 years geo-coded, 300,000 records/year Indiana State Police Hospital data , 4.5 million hospital discharge records/year, between 40,000 and 63,000 annual crash-hospital links Indiana Hospital Association Death data , 55,000 deaths/year, death certificates data Use of seat belts 113 sites, 3 times/year, New survey 190 sites twice/year 2013 onwards Indiana Criminal Justice Institute Driver data Registered motorcycle owners and all drivers born after 1978, Citations, suspensions, registration information Indiana Bureau of Motor Vehicles Census data 2000, 2010 years, demographic, socioeconomic, economic, and US Census Bureau other statistical data. Linear features such as roads, railroads, rivers, and legal boundaries (TIGER). Bridge data System 1 Bridges Bridges found on System 1 roads that include interstate highways, U.S. highways, state routes, ramps. INDOT, National Bridge Inventory Weather data US National Weather Service shape files. Weather stations in Indiana + weather historical data USNWS, National Climatic Data Center Households 2 million households as of 2010, basic socio-demographics CAS Inc. (commercial Businesses 200,000 businesses as of 2010, basic socio-demographics source)

30 Safety Database Renewal Acquiring New Data Reformatting Source Data Converting Data Linking Data Source Data 1 Source Data 2 Reformatted Source Data 1 Reformatted Source Data 2 Processed Data A Linked Database Source Data n Reformatted Source Data n Processed Data X

31

32 Approaches to Safety Management Normative Subjective Objective Comply to Standards Follow Expert Judgment Analyze Safety Data 32

33 Data-driven Management Cycle Data Analysis Action 33

34 Indiana Safety Management Strategic Highway Safety Plan (INDOT, ICJI) Hazard Elimination Program Road screening for hazards Site investigation of high-crash roads Economic evaluation and selection of safety interventions Targeted Safety Programs Road screening for certain deficiencies Implementation of safety interventions 34

35 SYSTEM-LEVEL ANALYSIS

36 Safety Needs Identification Program - SNIP A comprehensive safety evaluation tool to address statewide safety investment needs Identify safety needs based on an excessive number of crashes in user-defined categories Develop a method of screening the road network for road deficiencies 36

37 Roads with Speeding Problem Lafayette Area

38 SNIP2 (1) Improved interface (2) Improved features (3) Matching identified safety needs with safety programs within the budget

39 SNIP2

40 SNIP2

41 SNIP2

42 SNIP2

43 ANALYZING INDIVIDUAL ROADS

44 Road Hazard Analysis Tool RoadHAT The RoadHAT is a computer implementation of the Guidelines for Highway Safety Improvements in Indiana (Tarko and Kanodia, 2004) for analyzing high-crash roads. 44

45 RoadHAT2 Forms 45

46 RoadHAT2 The user can defined its own: Types of roads Safety Performance Functions Average crash costs in user-defined categories

47 COUNTERMEASURES

48 Transferrable General Safety Measures Managing exposure to risk through transport and land-use policies Designing roads for road injury prevention Providing visible, crash-protective, smart vehicles Securing compliance with safety rules and promoting safe behavior Delivering post-crash care 48

49 Do All Countermeasures Work Everywhere? According to various USA studies: Widening paved shoulders from 3 ft to 8 ft reduces crashes by 12 percent

50 Importance of Local Conditions USA

51 Transferrable Countermeasures? CMF =2.2/4.0 = 0.55 CMF Rear-End = 0.06 CMF Right-Angle = 0.32 (Brown and Tarko, 1999) (Li and Tarko, 2011)

52 (Tarko, 2012) Safety Measurement Revisited Exceedance as a Crash Surrogate

53 Safety Measurement Revisited LIDAR a new measurement technique

54 CLOSURE A healthy balance of transferrable knowledge and own components should be applied to safety management Good data support research (developing and updating safety models) and effective management Developing of a good database takes time and should begin as soon as possible Data collection and sharing was a starting point of communication between Indiana organizations There is still a long road to good safety management even in countries who started earlier than others Safety measurement methodology still requires improvement

55 Selected Sources Villwock, N. M., N. P. Blond, and A. P. Tarko. Risk Assessment of Various Median Treatments of Rural Interstates. Publication FHWA/IN/JTRP-2006/29. Joint Transportation Research Program, Indiana Department of Transportation and Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, Elvik, R. The Power Model of the relationship between speed and road safety. Institute of Transport Economics, Norwegian Centre of Transport Research, TOI report 1034/2009, Tarko, A.P. Modeling drivers speed selection as a trade-off behavior, Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 41, Issue 3, May 2009, Pages Persaud, B., D. Lord, and J. Palmisano. Calibration and Transferability of Accident Prediction Models for Urban Intersections, Transportation Research Record 1784, 2003, pages Sacchi, E., M. Bassani, B. Persaud. Comparison of Safety Performance Models for Urban Roundabouts in Italy and Other Countries. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2265, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2011, pp Sacchi, E. and M. Bassani. and B. Persaud. Assessing International Transferability of Highway Safety Manual Crash Prediction Algorithm and Its Components. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2279, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2012, pp Tarko, A.P. and A. Issariyanukula, H. Bar-Gera, Model-Based Application of Abbreviated Injury Scale to Police-Reported Crash Injuries. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2148, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2010, pp Tarko, A. and Md.S. Azam. Pedestrian injury analysis with consideration of the selectivity bias in linked police-hospital data. Accident Analysis and Prevention 43 (2011), pages Tarko, A, and M. Kanodia. Effective and Fair Identification of Hazardous Locations. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1897, TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 2004, pp Li, W. And A. Tarko. Effect of Arterial Signal Coordination on Safety. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2237, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2011, pp Tarko, A. Use of crash surrogates and exceedance statistics to estimate road safety. Accident Analysis and Prevention 45, 2012, pages Tarko, A. and S. Azam. Safety Screening of Road Networks with Limited Exposure Data. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2102, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2009, pp Brown, H. and A. Tarko. Effects of Access Control on Safety on Urban Arterial Streets. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1665, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 1999, pp

56 THANK YOU

INDOT 2000-2025 Long Range Plan

INDOT 2000-2025 Long Range Plan Chapter 9 INDOT 2000-2025 Long Range Plan Highway Needs Analysis Overview The statewide transportation planning process provides for the identification of highway needs through a comprehensive process

More information

HERS_IN. HIGHWAY ECONOMIC REQUIREMENTS SYSTEM (for) INDIANA. AASHTO Transportation Estimator Association Conference October 16, 2001

HERS_IN. HIGHWAY ECONOMIC REQUIREMENTS SYSTEM (for) INDIANA. AASHTO Transportation Estimator Association Conference October 16, 2001 AASHTO Transportation Estimator Association Conference October 16, 2001 HERS_IN HIGHWAY ECONOMIC REQUIREMENTS SYSTEM (for) INDIANA OVERVIEW HERS Background System Planning Tool Development HERS_IN Structure

More information

The spectrum of motorcycle research in Maryland

The spectrum of motorcycle research in Maryland The spectrum of motorcycle research in Maryland Cynthia Burch MPH, Timothy Kerns MS National Study Center for Trauma & EMS, University of Maryland School of Medicine Abstract Motorcycle riders experience

More information

New Mexico Traffic Crash Annual Report 2011

New Mexico Traffic Crash Annual Report 2011 New Mexico Traffic Crash Annual Report 2011 New Mexico Department of Transportation Planning and Traffic Safety Division New Mexico Department of Transportation Planning and Traffic Safety Division P.O.

More information

PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE ACCIDENT DATA. Irene Isaksson-Hellman If Insurance Company P&C Ltd.

PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE ACCIDENT DATA. Irene Isaksson-Hellman If Insurance Company P&C Ltd. PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE ACCIDENT DATA Irene Isaksson-Hellman If Insurance Company P&C Ltd. Vulnerable road users 2 Number Number Official accident statistics 45 35 4 3 35 25 3 25 2 2 15 15 1 1 5 5 5 4 5

More information

The Northwest Arkansas Travel Demand Model

The Northwest Arkansas Travel Demand Model The Northwest Arkansas Travel Demand Model Creation and Results John McLarty Northwest Arkansas Regional Planning Commission Cristina Scarlat Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies What is a Travel Demand

More information

PRIORITIZATION PROCESSES

PRIORITIZATION PROCESSES PROJECT SELECTION & PRIORITIZATION PROCESSES STIP Workshop Presented by: Bill Lawrence April 2011 Purpose and Review Overview of Project Selection Process Review Various Prioritization Processes Tk Take

More information

Rural Road Safety Policy in Korea: Lesson Learned

Rural Road Safety Policy in Korea: Lesson Learned Regional Seminar on Safe, Climate Adaptive and Disaster Resilient Transport for Sustainable Development Nov. 17 th, Seoul Rural Road Safety Policy in Korea: Lesson Learned Sangjin HAN Korea Transport Institute

More information

Crash data may not contain complete information, some elements may be unknown

Crash data may not contain complete information, some elements may be unknown Crash Data Introduction: Crash data are information that comes from a reportable crash. A reportable crash according to Title 75, Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Section 3746(a) is: an incident that

More information

Year Fatalities Injuries

Year Fatalities Injuries MOTORCYCLES, 2013 MAY 2014 ISSUE 14-C02 HIGHLIGHTS In 2013, the 113 Indiana fatal collisions involving motorcycles resulted in 118 fatalities. The 118 fatalities involved 81 motorcycle operators, 23 moped

More information

Intersection Cost Comparison Spreadsheet User Manual ROUNDABOUT GUIDANCE VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Intersection Cost Comparison Spreadsheet User Manual ROUNDABOUT GUIDANCE VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Intersection Cost Comparison Spreadsheet User Manual ROUNDABOUT GUIDANCE VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Version 2.5 i Virginia Department of Transportation Intersection Cost Comparison Spreadsheet

More information

Transportation Policy and Design Strategies. Freight Intensive. Level of Freight Presence

Transportation Policy and Design Strategies. Freight Intensive. Level of Freight Presence Appendix G Transportation Policy and Design Strategies CONTEXT SENSITIVE SOLUTIONS To address the need to describe freight systems which account for the population distress which may result, an analysis

More information

Northwest Region Division of Transportation Bureau of Indian Affairs

Northwest Region Division of Transportation Bureau of Indian Affairs Northwest Region Division of Transportation Bureau of Indian Affairs Cinco D. Cronemeyer 911 NE 11 th Avenue Portland, OR 97232-4169 (503) 872-2872 cinco.cronemyer@bia.gov Strategic Highway Safety Plan

More information

MISSOURI TRAFFIC SAFETY COMPENDIUM

MISSOURI TRAFFIC SAFETY COMPENDIUM 2010 MISSOURI TRAFFIC SAFETY COMPENDIUM MISSOURI STATE HIGHWAY PATROL STATISTICAL ANALYSIS CENTER 1510 East Elm Jefferson City, Missouri 65101 (573) 751-9000 CONTENTS PAGE EXECUTIVE SUMMARY INTRODUCTION...1

More information

Evaluation of Frequency and Injury Outcomes of Lane Departure Crashes

Evaluation of Frequency and Injury Outcomes of Lane Departure Crashes University of Massachusetts Traffic Safety Research Program www.ecs.umass.edu/umasssafe Evaluation of Frequency and Injury Outcomes of Lane Departure Crashes Marta Benavente, Heather Rothenberg, Michael

More information

Alternatives to the Circ Project Prioritization Methodology Prepared for Circ Task Force July 28, 2011

Alternatives to the Circ Project Prioritization Methodology Prepared for Circ Task Force July 28, 2011 Alternatives to the Circ Project Prioritization Methodology Prepared for Circ Task Force July 28, 2011 CCRPC staff has developed a draft methodology described below and detailed in the attached pages for

More information

A statistical comparison between severe accidents and PDO accidents in Riyadh A.S. Al-Ghamdi College of Engineering, King Sand University,

A statistical comparison between severe accidents and PDO accidents in Riyadh A.S. Al-Ghamdi College of Engineering, King Sand University, A statistical comparison between severe accidents and PDO accidents in Riyadh A.S. Al-Ghamdi College of Engineering, King Sand University, Email: asghamdi@ksu.edu. sa Abstract Riyadh, capital of the Kingdom

More information

TH 23 Access Management Study Richmond to Paynesville

TH 23 Access Management Study Richmond to Paynesville TH 23 Access Management Study Richmond to Paynesville Prepared For: Minnesota Department of Transportation District 8 Prepared By: Short Elliott Hendrickson Inc. July 2015 Table of Contents I. Introduction...

More information

Motorcycle Related Crash Victims (What the Statistics Say) Mehdi Nassirpour Illinois Department of Transportation Division of Transportation Safety

Motorcycle Related Crash Victims (What the Statistics Say) Mehdi Nassirpour Illinois Department of Transportation Division of Transportation Safety Motorcycle Related Crash Victims (What the Statistics Say) Mehdi Nassirpour Illinois Department of Transportation Division of Transportation Safety Illinois Highway Safety Program Areas Occupant Protection

More information

Crash Analysis. Identify/Prioritize. Gather Data. Analyze Crashes and Identify Improvements. Review Funding Options. Implement Improvements

Crash Analysis. Identify/Prioritize. Gather Data. Analyze Crashes and Identify Improvements. Review Funding Options. Implement Improvements Crash Analysis Identify/Prioritize 1. Find high crash areas 2. Review citizen input 3. Access City/County Safety Improvement Candidate Locations Gather Data 1. Use DOT-provided crash analysis programs

More information

INDIANA TRAFFIC SAFETY QUICK FACTS - 2012

INDIANA TRAFFIC SAFETY QUICK FACTS - 2012 INDIANA TRAFFIC SAFETY QUICK FACTS - 2012 188,841 traffic collisions resulting in injury or property damage occurred, a 0.4 percent decrease from 2011. There were 718 fatal collisions in 2012 (resulting

More information

14-97. 14-97.002 Definitions. For the purposes of this rule chapter the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly shows otherwise:

14-97. 14-97.002 Definitions. For the purposes of this rule chapter the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly shows otherwise: 14-97 14-97.001 Purpose. This rule chapter sets forth an access control classification system and access management standards to implement the State Highway System Access Management Act of 1988. The implementation

More information

Characteristics of Motorcycle Crashes in the U.S.

Characteristics of Motorcycle Crashes in the U.S. Characteristics of Motorcycle Crashes in the U.S. Jeya Padmanaban, M.S. JP Research Inc., USA. 7 West El Camino Real, Suite 2 Mountain View, CA, 944 jeya@jpresearch.com Vitaly Eyges, PhD., JP Research,

More information

Relative Contribution/Fault in Car-Truck Crashes February 2013

Relative Contribution/Fault in Car-Truck Crashes February 2013 Relative Contribution/Fault in Car-Truck Crashes February 2013 This paper addresses the question of relative fault in crashes involving large trucks and light passenger vehicles, including cars, vans,

More information

How Safe Are Our Roads?

How Safe Are Our Roads? How Safe Are Our Roads? Annual Data Report on the Impact of Drunk Driving on Road Safety in the Washington D.C. Metropolitan Region December 2010 A Look at Regional and National Figures Regional Totals

More information

FMCSA Webinar Nov.18th to Examine Large Truck Crash Fatalities Involving Pedestrians & Bicyclists. New Technology for Better Fleet Management

FMCSA Webinar Nov.18th to Examine Large Truck Crash Fatalities Involving Pedestrians & Bicyclists. New Technology for Better Fleet Management In This Issue: FMCSA Webinar Nov.18th to Examine Large Truck Crash Fatalities Involving Pedestrians & Bicyclists Help Prevent Roadway Accidents involving Pedestrians How to Steer Clear of Accidents with

More information

Roadway and Human Factors of Motorcycle Crashes in Puerto Rico

Roadway and Human Factors of Motorcycle Crashes in Puerto Rico Fifth LACCEI International Latin American and Caribbean Conference for Engineering and Technology (LACCEI 2007) Developing Entrepreneurial Engineers for the Sustainable Growth of Latin America and the

More information

Ways to Reduce to Motorcycle Accidents

Ways to Reduce to Motorcycle Accidents 4th. Asia Automobile Institute Summit 24-25 September 2015, Chongqing Ways to Reduce to Motorcycle Accidents Yuji Arai Safety Research Division Japan Automobile Research Institute 1 Contents 1. Historical

More information

Safe Transportation System. Tangible Result Driver Leanna Depue, Highway Safety Director

Safe Transportation System. Tangible Result Driver Leanna Depue, Highway Safety Director Tangible Result Driver Leanna Depue, Highway Safety Director MoDOT works closely with other safety advocates to make our roads and work zones safer. The department supports educational programs that encourage

More information

The Need for Traffic Incident Management

The Need for Traffic Incident Management The Need for Traffic Incident Management With traffic incidents responsible for approximately 50-60% of the congestion delays motorists encounter on the nation s roadways every day, increased roadway capacity

More information

ARC Bike/Ped Plan Equity Discussion. Presented to ARC Bike/Ped Plan Equity Advisory Group July 29 th, 2015

ARC Bike/Ped Plan Equity Discussion. Presented to ARC Bike/Ped Plan Equity Advisory Group July 29 th, 2015 ARC Bike/Ped Plan Equity Discussion Presented to ARC Bike/Ped Plan Equity Advisory Group July 29 th, 2015 The Bicycle 1973 ARC A Plan & Program for Its Use as a Mode of Transportation & Recreation The

More information

Bicycle Collisions in Washington State: A Six-Year Perspective, 1988 1993

Bicycle Collisions in Washington State: A Six-Year Perspective, 1988 1993 TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH RECORD 1538 81 Bicycle Collisions in Washington State: A Six-Year Perspective, 1988 1993 RALPH L. WESSELS A categorical data analysis of collisions between bicycles and motor vehicles

More information

RISER. Roadside Infrastructure for Safer European Roads

RISER. Roadside Infrastructure for Safer European Roads Roadside Infrastructure for Safer European Roads PROJECT START DATE: 01/01/2003 DURATION: 36 months CONTRACT NUMBER: GRD2/2001/50088//S07.15369 Co-Sponsored by DG-TREN TU-Graz Institute for Mechanics Heinz

More information

Safety & Compliance for the Commercial Fleet Manager. April 2014 Presented by Stacey Dove, SEE, Inc.

Safety & Compliance for the Commercial Fleet Manager. April 2014 Presented by Stacey Dove, SEE, Inc. Safety & Compliance for the Commercial Fleet Manager April 2014 Presented by Stacey Dove, SEE, Inc. Risk management considerations for today: Safety status from a regulatory compliance perspective. Fleet

More information

Word Count: Body Text = 5,500 + 2,000 (4 Figures, 4 Tables) = 7,500 words

Word Count: Body Text = 5,500 + 2,000 (4 Figures, 4 Tables) = 7,500 words PRIORITIZING ACCESS MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTATION By: Grant G. Schultz, Ph.D., P.E., PTOE Assistant Professor Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering Brigham Young University 368 Clyde Building Provo,

More information

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and Ground Ambulance Crashes. April 2014

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and Ground Ambulance Crashes. April 2014 The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and Ground Ambulance Crashes April 2014 Objectives The purpose of this presentation is to provide an overview of roadway ambulance crashes in the U.S.

More information

DOT HS 812 071 November 2014. Model National Administrative Standards for State Motorcycle Rider Training Programs

DOT HS 812 071 November 2014. Model National Administrative Standards for State Motorcycle Rider Training Programs DOT HS 812 071 November 2014 Model National Administrative Standards for State Motorcycle Rider Training Programs DISCLAIMER This publication is distributed by the U.S. Department of Transportation, National

More information

Based on the AASHTO: PREPARED FOR

Based on the AASHTO: PREPARED FOR Based on the AASHTO: Ne va da PREPARED FOR Pr oj P R ec t O C Sa E S fety S September 2015 Introduction The Nevada Department of Transportation (NDOT) has as its first department goal to optimize safety

More information

Safety Data Collection, Analysis, and Sharing

Safety Data Collection, Analysis, and Sharing Safety Data Collection, Analysis, and Sharing About the HSIP Noteworthy Practice Series The Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) is a core Federal-aid highway program with the primary purpose of achieving

More information

2014 TRANSPORTATION SAFETY SUMMIT LOUISIANA STATE POLICE & LADOTD TIM INITIATIVE

2014 TRANSPORTATION SAFETY SUMMIT LOUISIANA STATE POLICE & LADOTD TIM INITIATIVE 2014 TRANSPORTATION SAFETY SUMMIT LOUISIANA STATE POLICE & LADOTD TIM INITIATIVE PROJECT SUMMARY & PRESENTATION LAW ENFORCEMENT FIRE EMS TRANSPORTATION TOWING & RECOVERY COMMUNICATIONS What is Traffic

More information

Deaths/injuries in motor vehicle crashes per million hours spent travelling, July 2008 June 2012 (All ages) Mode of travel

Deaths/injuries in motor vehicle crashes per million hours spent travelling, July 2008 June 2012 (All ages) Mode of travel Cyclists CRASH STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 212 Prepared by the Ministry of Transport CRASH FACTSHEET November 213 Cyclists have a number of risk factors that do not affect car drivers. The

More information

New York Study of Booster Seat Effects on Injury Reduction Compared to Safety Belts in Children Aged 4-8 in Motor Vehicle Crashes

New York Study of Booster Seat Effects on Injury Reduction Compared to Safety Belts in Children Aged 4-8 in Motor Vehicle Crashes New York Study of Booster Seat Effects on Injury Reduction Compared to Safety Belts in Children Aged 4-8 in Motor Vehicle Crashes Kainan Sun, Ph.D., Michael Bauer, M.S. Sarah M. Sperry, M.S., Susan Hardman

More information

Analysis of the Effect of Speed Limit Increases on Accident-Injury Severities

Analysis of the Effect of Speed Limit Increases on Accident-Injury Severities Malyshkina and Mannering 1 Paper 08-0056 Analysis of the Effect of Speed Limit Increases on Accident-Injury Severities by Nataliya V. Malyshkina Research Assistant, School of Civil Engineering 550 Stadium

More information

OREGON TRAFFIC ACCIDENT AND INSURANCE REPORT

OREGON TRAFFIC ACCIDENT AND INSURANCE REPORT DMV OREGON TRAFFIC ACCIDENT AND INSURANCE REPORT Tear this sheet off your report, read and carefully follow the directions. ONLY drivers involved in an accident resulting in any of the following MUST file

More information

How to reduce road injuries through best-practice speed management : Learnings from Australia s experience

How to reduce road injuries through best-practice speed management : Learnings from Australia s experience How to reduce road injuries through best-practice speed management : Learnings from Australia s experience Associate Professor Jennie Oxley Monash University Accident Research Centre WRI Sao Paulo, 15

More information

HIGHWAY DESIGN REPORT. Appendix 4. Proposed Design Principles for City Passings

HIGHWAY DESIGN REPORT. Appendix 4. Proposed Design Principles for City Passings HIGHWAY DESIGN REPORT Appendix 4 Proposed Design Principles for City Passings June 2000 Contents Page 1 Introduction 2 1.1 Purpose 2 1.2 Definition of city passing 2 1.3 Safety Problems 2 1.4 Planning

More information

the Ministry of Transport is attributed as the source of the material

the Ministry of Transport is attributed as the source of the material Disclaimer All reasonable endeavours are made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this report. However, the information is provided without warranties of any kind including accuracy, completeness,

More information

Speed Management Strategic Initiative

Speed Management Strategic Initiative DOT HS 809 924 September 2005 Speed Management Strategic Initiative ENGINEERING ENFORCEMENT EDUCATION U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

More information

Motorcycle Safety Program Initiatives: Achievement and Challenges

Motorcycle Safety Program Initiatives: Achievement and Challenges Motorcycle Safety Program Initiatives: Achievement and Challenges Mehdi Nassirpour Illinois Department of Transportation Division of Transportation Safety Objectives 1. General Statistics on Motorcycles

More information

HIGHWAY SAFETY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM LOCAL PROJECT SELECTION GUIDANCE

HIGHWAY SAFETY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM LOCAL PROJECT SELECTION GUIDANCE HIGHWAY SAFETY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM LOCAL PROJECT SELECTION GUIDANCE Effective for projects submitted for calls after December 1, 2010 http://www.in.gov/indot/div/engineering/shsp.htm Indiana Department

More information

Simulating Traffic for Incident Management and ITS Investment Decisions

Simulating Traffic for Incident Management and ITS Investment Decisions 1998 TRANSPORTATION CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS 7 Simulating Traffic for Incident Management and ITS Investment Decisions MICHAEL D. ANDERSON AND REGINALD R. SOULEYRETTE UTPS-type models were designed to adequately

More information

SAFE Streets for CHICAGO

SAFE Streets for CHICAGO Overview Each day, hundreds of thousands of Chicagoans walk or drive in the city. Ensuring their safety is the City s top priority. Over the past several years, Chicago has developed many successful strategies

More information

CHAPTER 1 Land Transport

CHAPTER 1 Land Transport Section 1 Road Transport - PART I - Summary of the Present Situation 1 Road Traffic Accident Trends 1-1 Long-term trends fell to below 6,000 for the first time in 54 years since 1953 Number of road traffic

More information

Performance Measures...169 Overview...170 Accessing Performance Measures...171 Severity...172 Circumstance...173 Crash Type...174

Performance Measures...169 Overview...170 Accessing Performance Measures...171 Severity...172 Circumstance...173 Crash Type...174 Performance Measures...169 Overview...170 Accessing Performance Measures...171 Severity...172 Circumstance...173 Crash Type...174 Driver/Vehicle...175 Location...176 Miscellaneous...177 SMS 15. Performance

More information

DMV. OREGON TRAFFIC ACCIDENT AND INSURANCE REPORT Tear this sheet off your report, read and carefully follow the directions.

DMV. OREGON TRAFFIC ACCIDENT AND INSURANCE REPORT Tear this sheet off your report, read and carefully follow the directions. OREGON TRAFFIC ACCIDENT AND INSURANCE REPORT Tear this sheet off your report, read and carefully follow the directions. ONLY drivers involved in an accident resulting in any of the following MUST file

More information

Central Regional Traffic Management Center

Central Regional Traffic Management Center Central Regional Traffic Management Center The Shift to Operations Rich Deen, RTMC Manager, District 8-0 October 5, 2009 ASHE Meeting Where we came from? Circa 1986 Someone in PENNDOT- We can t build our

More information

CAPACITY AND LEVEL-OF-SERVICE CONCEPTS

CAPACITY AND LEVEL-OF-SERVICE CONCEPTS CHAPTER 2 CAPACITY AND LEVEL-OF-SERVICE CONCEPTS CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION...2-1 II. CAPACITY...2-2 III. DEMAND...2-2 IV. QUALITY AND LEVELS OF SERVICE...2-2 Service Flow Rates...2-3 Performance Measures...2-3

More information

Traffic Safety Facts. Children. 2003 Data. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for children from 2 to 14 years old.

Traffic Safety Facts. Children. 2003 Data. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for children from 2 to 14 years old. Traffic Safety Facts 2003 Data DOT HS 809 762 Children Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for children from 2 to 14 years old. In 2003, there were more than 60 million children under

More information

Motor Vehicle Crashes, Injuries, and Deaths in Relation to Driver Age: United States, 1995 2010

Motor Vehicle Crashes, Injuries, and Deaths in Relation to Driver Age: United States, 1995 2010 Car crashes rank among the leading causes of death in the United States. Motor Vehicle Crashes, Injuries, and Deaths in Relation to Driver Age: United States, 1995 2010 November 2012 607 14th Street, NW,

More information

URBAN ROAD ACCIDENTS IN DHAKA, BANGLADESH

URBAN ROAD ACCIDENTS IN DHAKA, BANGLADESH URBAN ROAD ACCIDENTS IN DHAKA, BANGLADESH Dr. Ishtiaque Ahmed Associate Professor, Faculty of Civil Engineering University Technology Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia E-mail: ishtiaque@utm.my

More information

Relation of Speed and Speed Limits to Crashes

Relation of Speed and Speed Limits to Crashes Relation of Speed and Speed Limits to Crashes National Forum on Speeding Washington, D.C., June 15, 2005 Susan Ferguson, Ph.D. Overview Relation of speeds to crashes Relation of speed to crash severity

More information

SEVERITY ANALYSIS OF DRIVER CRASH INVOLVEMENTS ON MULTILANE HIGH SPEED ARTERIAL CORRIDORS

SEVERITY ANALYSIS OF DRIVER CRASH INVOLVEMENTS ON MULTILANE HIGH SPEED ARTERIAL CORRIDORS SEVERITY ANALYSIS OF DRIVER CRASH INVOLVEMENTS ON MULTILANE HIGH SPEED ARTERIAL CORRIDORS by ALEXIS NEVAREZ-PAGAN B.Sc. University of Central Florida, 1997 A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of

More information

2015 National Law Enforcement Challenge Application

2015 National Law Enforcement Challenge Application 2015 National Law Enforcement Challenge Application Agency: Type of Agency: Submitter(s): Institution: Department: Address: City: _ State Zip_ Phone: Email: Department Head: _Email: Special Award Considerations:

More information

Statement before the Maryland House Committee on Environmental Matters on House Bill 364. Research on automated speed enforcement. Stephen L.

Statement before the Maryland House Committee on Environmental Matters on House Bill 364. Research on automated speed enforcement. Stephen L. Statement before the Maryland House Committee on Environmental Matters on House Bill 364 Research on automated speed enforcement Stephen L. Oesch The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety is a nonprofit

More information

Transportation Management Plan Template

Transportation Management Plan Template DATE: TO: FROM: SUBJECT: Date Name Position Transportation Service Center Name Position Transportation Service Center Transportation Management Plan Job Number(s) Control Section(s) Route Details County

More information

Safety Effects of Access Management Techniques: State of Knowledge and Recent Research

Safety Effects of Access Management Techniques: State of Knowledge and Recent Research Safety Effects of Access Management Techniques: State of Knowledge and Recent Research Bhagwant Persaud Ryerson University, Department of Civil Engineering, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, Canada M5B2K3

More information

ALCOHOL, 2013 HIGHLIGHTS

ALCOHOL, 2013 HIGHLIGHTS ALCOHOL, 2013 JUNE 2014 ISSUE 14-C08 HIGHLIGHTS During 2013, there were 114 fatal alcohol-impaired collisions in the state (16 percent of all fatal collisions). Alcohol-impaired fatal collisions decreased

More information

Examining the Effectiveness of Child Endangerment Laws. Background. Background Trends

Examining the Effectiveness of Child Endangerment Laws. Background. Background Trends Examining the Effectiveness of Child Endangerment Laws Tara Kelley-Baker Eduardo Romano Presented at Lifesavers Chicago, IL, March 14-17, 2015 Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation www.pire.org

More information

Business Intelligence System for Traffic Data Integration: Linking Roadway, Collision and Traffic Flow Data to Improve Traffic Safety

Business Intelligence System for Traffic Data Integration: Linking Roadway, Collision and Traffic Flow Data to Improve Traffic Safety Business Intelligence System for Traffic Data Integration: Linking Roadway, Collision and Traffic Flow Data to Improve Traffic Safety Stevanus A. Tjandra, Ph.D. City of Edmonton Office of Traffic Safety

More information

Young Researchers Seminar 2011

Young Researchers Seminar 2011 Young Researchers Seminar 2011 Young Researchers Seminar 2011 DTU, Denmark, 8 10 June, 2011 DTU, Denmark, June 8-10, 2011 Quantifying the influence of social characteristics on accident and injuries risk

More information

A Bicycle Accident Study Using GIS Mapping and Analysis

A Bicycle Accident Study Using GIS Mapping and Analysis A Bicycle Accident Study Using GIS Mapping and Analysis Petra Staats, Graduate Assistant, Transportation Policy Institute, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA pstaats@eden.rutgers.edu Summary Surveys

More information

DOT HS 812 101 December 2014. 2013 Motor Vehicle Crashes: Overview 6.00 50,000. Fatality Rate per 100M VMT

DOT HS 812 101 December 2014. 2013 Motor Vehicle Crashes: Overview 6.00 50,000. Fatality Rate per 100M VMT TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS Research Note DOT HS 812 101 December 2014 2013 Motor Vehicle Crashes: Overview After an increase in motor vehicle crash fatalities in 2012, fatalities on U.S. roadways in 2013 resumed

More information

Safety Evaluation of Access Management Policies and Techniques

Safety Evaluation of Access Management Policies and Techniques TECHBRIEF Safety Evaluation of Access Management Policies and Techniques FHWA Publication No.: FHWA-HRT-15-038 FHWA Contact: Wei Zhang, HRDS-10, (202) 493-3317, wei.zhang@fhwa.dot.gov This document is

More information

PEDESTRIAN SAFETY AND LAWS IN PENNSYLVANIA

PEDESTRIAN SAFETY AND LAWS IN PENNSYLVANIA PEDESTRIAN SAFETY AND LAWS IN PENNSYLVANIA Gary N. Modi, P.E., Chief Safety Management Division Bureau of Highway Safety & Traffic Engineering & Christopher A. Drda, P.E., Chief Consultant Agreement Section

More information

ANALYSIS OF INJURY SEVERITY IN PEDESTRIAN CRASHES USING CLASSIFICATION REGRESSION TREES

ANALYSIS OF INJURY SEVERITY IN PEDESTRIAN CRASHES USING CLASSIFICATION REGRESSION TREES ANALYSIS OF INJURY SEVERITY IN PEDESTRIAN CRASHES USING CLASSIFICATION REGRESSION TREES By Vichika Iragavarapu, P.E. (Corresponding author) Assistant Research Engineer Texas A&M Transportation Institute,

More information

Long-Term Impacts of Access Management on Business and Land Development along Minnesota Interstate 394

Long-Term Impacts of Access Management on Business and Land Development along Minnesota Interstate 394 Long-Term Impacts of Access Management on Business and Land Development along Minnesota Interstate 394 David Plazak Center for Transportation Research and Education Iowa State University 2901 South Loop

More information

Rio Rancho Community Report, 2003

Rio Rancho Community Report, 2003 Rio Rancho Community Report, Demographics In, there were,7 licensed drivers in Rio Rancho. Of these, there were,76 females and,98 males. The population of Rio Rancho was 59,8. The total number of crashes

More information

MPC-452 April 1, 2014- July 31, 2017

MPC-452 April 1, 2014- July 31, 2017 MPC-452 April 1, 2014- July 31, 2017 Project Title: Updating the Highway Safety Manual 2010 - Part C: Regional Consideration of the Rocky Mountains and Plain Regions University: University of Wyoming Principal

More information

MAINE TRANSPORTATION BY THE NUMBERS:

MAINE TRANSPORTATION BY THE NUMBERS: MAINE TRANSPORTATION BY THE NUMBERS: Meeting the State s Need for Safe and Efficient Mobility OCTOBER 2012 202-466-6706 www.tripnet.org Founded in 1971, TRIP of Washington, DC, is a nonprofit organization

More information

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration SAFETY AWARENESS. 2007 Kentucky Freight Conference

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration SAFETY AWARENESS. 2007 Kentucky Freight Conference Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration SAFETY AWARENESS 2007 Kentucky Freight Conference FMCSA History Federal Highway Administration restructured in February, 1999 October 9, 1999 created a separate

More information

HOW WILL PROGRESS BE MONITORED? POLICY AREA. 1. Implement the 2040 Growth Concept and local adopted land use and transportation plans

HOW WILL PROGRESS BE MONITORED? POLICY AREA. 1. Implement the 2040 Growth Concept and local adopted land use and transportation plans PERFORMANCE MONITORING APPROACH OAR 660-044-0040(3)(e) directs Metro to identify performance measures and targets to monitor and guide implementation of the Climate Smart Strategy. The purpose of performance

More information

INDIANA TRAFFIC SAFETY QUICK FACTS - 2011

INDIANA TRAFFIC SAFETY QUICK FACTS - 2011 INDIANA TRAFFIC SAFETY QUICK FACTS - 2011 188,132 traffic collisions resulting in injury or property damage occurred, a 2.5 percent decrease from 2010. There were 674 fatal collisions in 2011 (resulting

More information

How valid are Motorcycle Safety Data?

How valid are Motorcycle Safety Data? How valid are Motorcycle Safety Data? Narelle Haworth 1 (Presenter) 1 Monash University Accident Research Centre Biography Dr Narelle Haworth began working at the Monash University Accident Research Centre

More information

ROAD SAFETY GUIDELINES FOR TAH ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE SAFETY MANAGEMENT

ROAD SAFETY GUIDELINES FOR TAH ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE SAFETY MANAGEMENT I. GENERAL ROAD SAFETY GUIDELINES FOR TAH ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE SAFETY MANAGEMENT ANNEX III B i. The setting up and implementing of appropriate management procedures is an essential tool for improving the

More information

ITS Devices Used to Collect Truck Data for Performance Benchmarks

ITS Devices Used to Collect Truck Data for Performance Benchmarks ITS Devices Used to Collect Truck Data for Performance Benchmarks Edward McCormack and Mark E. Hallenbeck This paper documents the development of data collection methodologies that can be used to measure

More information

IS CYCLING A SAFE MODE? COMPARING APPLES WITH APPLES

IS CYCLING A SAFE MODE? COMPARING APPLES WITH APPLES IS CYCLING A SAFE MODE? COMPARING APPLES WITH APPLES Dr Glen Koorey Senior Lecturer in Transportation, Dept of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch

More information

Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century. 2014 Performance Report

Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century. 2014 Performance Report MAP 21 Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century 2014 Performance Report A report to Florida s Congressional Delegation March 2014 Overview: Because life is precious, FDOT has set the highway safety

More information

6.0 Market Research Implications for Policy Plan

6.0 Market Research Implications for Policy Plan 6.0 Market Research Implications for Policy Plan This section provides some thoughts as to how the market research findings might influence the policy plan. In the subsections below, we have reflected

More information

DOT HS 809 360 October 2001

DOT HS 809 360 October 2001 U.S. Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration DOT HS 809 360 October 2001 Technical Report This document is available to the public from the National Technical Information

More information

SAN DIEGO - A BICYCLE FRIENDLY CITY

SAN DIEGO - A BICYCLE FRIENDLY CITY SAN DIEGO - A BICYCLE FRIENDLY CITY MANY OPPORTUNITIES FOR IMPROVEMENT SUMMARY The designated bicycle paths and lanes in the City of San Diego (City) are often substandard because of their location and

More information

PROGRAM NARRATIVE Page 8

PROGRAM NARRATIVE Page 8 PROGRAM NARRATIVE Page 8 PROGRAM GOAL(S): Describe the broad, long-term goals of the program and indicate the change(s) or outcome(s) anticipated. 1. To reduce the total number of alcohol and drug related

More information

a Law Enforcement Non-Profit/Other

a Law Enforcement Non-Profit/Other Cover Page Project Title Pinal County Sheriff's DUI Enforcement Program Grant Period Start Date 11/1/2015 Grant Period End Date 6/30/2016 Total Grant Funding Requested $30,000.00 Total ERE Percentage 36%

More information

Using GIS to Identify Pedestrian- Vehicle Crash Hot Spots and Unsafe Bus Stops

Using GIS to Identify Pedestrian- Vehicle Crash Hot Spots and Unsafe Bus Stops Using GIS to Identify Pedestrian-Vehicle Crash Hot Spots and Unsafe Bus Stops Using GIS to Identify Pedestrian- Vehicle Crash Hot Spots and Unsafe Bus Stops Long Tien Truong and Sekhar V. C. Somenahalli

More information

SAFETY PROCESS. Martin Small

SAFETY PROCESS. Martin Small SAFETY PROCESS Martin Small With a broad transport policy background including extensive work in the maritime sector, Martin Small has been working in road safety for five years, in a variety of roles

More information

Principles of Road and Traffic Engineering Designs for Mixed Traffic Flow with a Numerous Motorcycles

Principles of Road and Traffic Engineering Designs for Mixed Traffic Flow with a Numerous Motorcycles Principles of Road and Traffic Engineering Designs for Mixed Traffic Flow with a Numerous Motorcycles Dr. Ming-Heng Wang Assistant Professor, Department of Transportation Technology and Management, Kainan

More information

Comparative Analysis of Motor Vehicle Crashes on American Indian Reservations in Arizona with Findings in the Arizona Strategic Highway Safety Plan

Comparative Analysis of Motor Vehicle Crashes on American Indian Reservations in Arizona with Findings in the Arizona Strategic Highway Safety Plan ARIZONA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Comparative Analysis of Motor Vehicle Crashes on American Indian Reservations in Arizona with Findings in the Arizona Strategic Highway Safety Plan Final Report Prepared

More information

Bicycle Collisions in Indiana

Bicycle Collisions in Indiana MAY 2012 ISSUE 12-C14 Bicycle Collisions in Indiana In 2010, 1,045 bicyclists were involved in Indiana motor vehicle collisions, a 7 percent increase from 2009 (975). Approximately 9 percent of these individuals

More information

Regional Cycling Strategy. May 2004

Regional Cycling Strategy. May 2004 Regional Cycling Strategy May 2004 they also have the largest number of cyclists. Fault rests approximately two thirds with drivers and one third with cyclists. Figure 1 illustrates

More information

ROAD TRAFFIC SAFETY IN TURKEY

ROAD TRAFFIC SAFETY IN TURKEY REPUBLIC OF TURKEY ROAD TRAFFIC SAFETY IN TURKEY 27-29 APRIL 2011 SERBIA/BELGRADE Yüksel ÇELİK/ MoI / Turkish National Police GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT TURKEY İstanbul Ankara 73.7 million Population 15.392

More information

The Indiana Experience

The Indiana Experience Transportation Asset Management Case Studies Presented by HIGHWAY ECONOMIC REQUIREMENTS SYSTEM-STATE The Indiana Experience Aerial view of the I-65/I-75 split in Indianapolis. Photo by James Kinder. FRONT

More information