Water Sector Damage Assessment Report

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1 Water Sector Damage Assessment Report This Report has been prepared in full coordination and cooperation with August 204

2 Dedication To the souls of the seven Municipal Water Technicians who were killed by the Israeli Military Forces during the war while risking their lives to provide services to their people.

3 Acknowledgement The (PWA), the Coastal Municipalities Water Utility (CMWU) and the Municipal Water Departments would like to highly appreciate the exceptional interventions of the WASH Cluster coordinated by UNICEF, and the effort exerted by UNRWA and ICRC for the Humanitarian support offered either through funding emergency needs or supporting the coordination for staff movement during the terrible days of the war on Gaza which has started on 6 th July, 204. Special thanks to the donors who contributed in financing such activities and who are available to support the Palestinian Water Sector in Gaza to get out of this disaster. Thanks and appreciations are forwarded to the technical teams who have risked their lives to maintain some of the serious damages and had kept to the extent possible the operation of some facilities during the war. 2

4 Contents. Introduction: Damage Assessment Methodology Gaza, an area of catastrophe Damage Classification Damages assessment forms for field survey Unforeseen Damages Review and compilation of the Damage Assessment Report: Fund Raising Gaza Recovery and Reconstruction Plans/Rapid Assessment Summary and proposed s Summary Situation Prior to Assault Summary Damages Prioritized s Immediate Humanitarian: Early Recovery Long Term Financing Required Assumptions, methodology for financing, and basis for unit costs Financing required Financing available and programs being implemented, either by the ministries, international organizations, or the ministries Annexes Gaza Strip Total Damages Long Term s: Northern Governorate Damages Gaza Governorate Damages Middle Area Governorate Damages Khanyounis Governorate Damages Rafah Governorate Damages Total Water and Sanitation Equipment and Plant Damages Photos:

5 Executive Summary The Israeli assault on Gaza has started on 6 th July, 204 and continued till the temporary cease fire had been declared on 5 th August, 204. In addition to the murder of about 2,000 civilians, the injury of about,000; many of them are in critical conditions, destruction of Thousands of houses, hospitals, schools, farms etc., the water and wastewater sector had its share in these damages. A preliminary damage assessment has been conducted by CMWU and Municipal Water Departments during the cease fire period 58 August, 204. In some neighborhoods it has not been possible to investigate a detailed assessment due to the massive damage and the need to make heavy and intensive excavations. Rather, the damage assessment teams had documented visible damages that are clear above the ground or were realized due to leaking parts of the system or nonfunctioning components. For that reason a small contingency budget line has been considered in the cost estimate. The Damage Assessment Report has included the direct visible damages with a cost estimate of MUSD and has indicated whether the visible damage is complete or partial. Needed interventions have been summarized according to the following stages:. Immediate Humanitarian s, with a cost estimate of MUSD over a six month period post of the war. These interventions include basically the rapid repairs which are needed to put the system in operation without guaranteeing the system efficiency while can be implemented easily in addition to providing the needed operational requirements such as fuel supply, disinfection materials and most importantly providing the minimum amount of water for the displaced people who lost their houses at a rate of 20 l/c/d of domestic water and 3 l/c/d of potable water while maintaining the minimum level of sanitary and hygiene requirements. 2. Early Recovery, with a cost estimate of MUSD planned to be implemented in one year starting from the early stages. The components under this stage are planned to respond to recovering the water and wastewater systems to the status before the water, including the full repair or reconstruction of damaged facilities and enabling the operation and maintenance of the water and wastewater systems. 3. Long term interventions, with a cost estimate of MUSD 620. Such components shall address the developmental plan according to PWA strategy in the light of the wellknown deficiency in water resources and the deteriorated level of service, in addition to the governance issues. The report also includes annexes with some details on damages. The methodology in costing the different components has been based on some assumptions that are also included in the report; the most important among them is the availability of materials and equipment without borders restrictions. Cost estimates have not included any indirect costs due to environmental and public health impacts which are still to be assessed in the near future. 4

6 . Introduction: On 6 th July 204 the Israeli aircrafts started shelling Gaza Strip from the air, and the military Israeli boats were shelling Gaza Strip coast all over the shore line, afterwards the Israeli tanks starts invading the Gaza Strip from different locations. Before the war, PWA had submitted the coordinates of water and wastewater facilities to the Israeli side and During the war CMWU has submitted all the water and waste water facilities coordinate locations to the ICRC agency to coordinate with the Israeli military to avoid shelling these locations which will lead to severe humanitarian crisis if water is stopped supplying or if wastewater flooding happens in case of targeting these locations. During the war, a coordination process had been established involving ICRC to coordinate access of technicians to make urgent repairs and operation of some of the water facilities. Most of the efforts were without success; so CMWU and Municipal Departments managed with their own staffs to make the most urgent repairs only during the cease fire hours. Sadly, and during performing the repairing of the water network the team were targeted by the Israeli Military Forces resulted in the killing 7 technicians and operators among CMWU staff and municipal staff in Gaza, Rafah and El Burij areas. During the 3 days ceasefire (Tuesday up to Thursday ), CMWU and the Municipal Water and Wastewater Departments in coordination with PWA have intensively worked on repairing some of and surveying the damages in all water and waste water infrastructure facilities all over the Gaza Governorates. However, as a fast track and in order to reestablish some of the main water and sewage carriers, henceforth provide minimum services to the most affected areas (Mostly in Rafah, Gaza, Northern Area,and Eastern Parts of Khanyunis ), WB, UNICEF, and ICRC allocated emergency budget in order to repair damages occurred in the incursion areas. This report is summarizing the descriptive damage assessment, informative data sheets and photos related to damaged sites and facilities, where all physical, technical faults and damages have been recorded with detailed requirements of technical and financial estimates required to remedy and relief the situation as per the indicative implementation time table. In addition, the water supply to Eastern Villages of Khanyounis and the Middle area from the Israeli side has been interrupted for long times due to damages possibly resulting from movements of the Israeli tanks and operation of the Israeli army at the eastern side of Gaza. Water supplies to the Eastern villages had resumed intermittently after so many times of 5

7 interruption and repairs but still have not reached the steady flow as before the war. Meanwhile, the water supply to the middle area from Mekorot has not been resumed due to unknown reasons, although a physical inspection had been conducted on the route of the line and no leakage has been found in Gaza side. Therefore, the CMWU in its Press Release 2 weeks after the war announced its complete incapability to keep providing its services for the inhabitants of the Gaza Strip and a list of reported damaged locations were identified. Further, and due to the paralyzed ability of movement safely, PWA and CMWU had issued a press release on 3 st July, 204 declaring Gaza as a catastrophic area in terms of water supply and sanitation. 2. Damage Assessment Methodology The damage assessment has taken place During the 3 days cease fire declaration in the period 57 August, 204. The Water Municipal Departments teams were coordinated with CMWU regional coordinators to carry out detailed physical investigation to assess various damages occurred during the period of Israeli Military Offensive in all Gaza Governorates for water and wastewater infrastructure and facilities. 2.. Gaza, an area of catastrophe The level of service has dropped to below than 20% of the normal in terms of water supply quantities while to zero % in terms of wastewater treatment. Restrictions encountered were due to the following reasons:. Unsafe movement of the staff. 2. Complete absence of electricity supplies for some days in most of Gaza areas. 3. No access to the water wells in the 3 Km with zone declared by Israel to be no go area where about 50 water wells became out of reach. 4. Total or partial damages to the water and wastewater facilities. 5. Limited availability of Fuel supply to operate the standby Generators. 6. Damages in the water distribution and wastewater collection systems which disabled the operation of some facilities even should they have not been subject to damages. 6

8 2.2. Damage Classification Damages assessment report is provided for all types of damages whether it is physical or operational damages which have affected the continuity of services and the level of interruptions. Facilities, structures and civil works damages Mechanical and electrical damages Water and wastewater networks and its associates. Operational damages and interruptions Logistical damages Loss of life for employees and operators Targeted facilities and infrastructures The following facilities and infrastructures including all associated elements and systems listed here below have been assessed and evaluated with respect to different types of damages: Water wells and its associated systems Water reservoir Water distribution networks Wastewater pumping stations Wastewater treatment plants Wastewater collection networks and its associates Administrative and operation buildings and stores Vehicle and trucks Staff and employees 2.3. Damages assessment forms for field survey. The designated field survey form is configured to include for the following items and details: Date of assessment Name of assessment team work General description of event Damage location and site Type of damages as per each anticipated system Damage magnitude (Serious, Moderate, Light) 7

9 Descriptive and quantified recovery needs as per each damage type Damage photos 2.4. Unforeseen Damages Due to the fact that massive destruction has taken place in specific areas such as Shejaya in Gaza, Khusaa, East Rafah and Beit Hanoun, it has been difficult to quantify damaged infrastructures underground. Rubble should be removed and streets to be opened and some excavations shall be needed. The assessment Report has estimated such damages approximately based on the known infrastructures from existing maps. Meanwhile costs of environmental and health consequences cannot be estimated at this stage. An allowance to cover the unforeseen direct damages of infrastructures has been considered in the calculations Review and compilation of the Damage Assessment Report: A Joint team of PWA and CMWU have revised the raw data and information, the cost of damages and the needed Immediate Humanitarian interventions. The report has followed the format designed by the Ministerial Committee and has covered three phases of interventions:. Immediate Humanitarian interventions 2. Early Recover s 3. Long Term interventions The report has also included annexes for the summaries of infrastructure damages at a regional level and includes the CMWU Detailed Technical Assessment Report Fund Raising Assessment report to be endorsed by the government and introduced to the international community for pledging and commitment at donor s conference. Technical appraisal to be conducted by the international funding agencies. PWA/CMWU will provide Project Proposals. Financial agreements to be signed with Palestine Government. Coordination between PWA/CMWU with WASH cluster on humanitarian interventions. 8

10 Gaza Recovery and Reconstruction Plans Rapid Assessment Summary and proposed s 9

11 3. Gaza Recovery and Reconstruction Plans/Rapid Assessment Summary and proposed s 3.. Summary Situation Prior to Assault Gaza Strip population is about,800,000 inhabitant living under sever blockage since Water abstraction was 80 MCM/yr with resources deficit about 70 MCM/yr. Continuous decline in the groundwater level due to over water abstraction. Significant water salinity increase as a result of seawater intrusion. Per capita water consumption was in the range of 90 l/c/d. 95% of the supplied water is far from the WHO standard. 98% of people were served by water distribution network. The network distribution system efficiency was in the range of 55%. More than 70% were connected with sewerage collection systems. 35 MCM/yr of wastewater are either poorly treated or untreated and mainly disposed to the sea or percolated to the aquifer. Revenue collection efficiency was 25% in average due to high unemployment and deteriorated economy 0

12 3.2. Summary Damages SubArea Type of Damage Estimated Quantities Estamiated Cost ($) of Repair/ Reconstruction Water Wells Partially 5 $ 49, Water Wells Completely $,650, Water Network Partially 7500m.r $ 3,30, Water Network Completely mr $ 4,325, Water Tank Partially $,300, Water Tank Completely 5 $ 4,400, Desalination Unit Partially 4 $ 205, Desalination Unit Completely 2 $ 30, $ Wastewater Network Partially 030 m.r $ 2,427,00.00 Wastewater Network Completely 7238 m.r $ 2,492, Wastewater Pump Station Partially 2 $,447, Wastewater Pump Station Completely 0 $ WWTP Partially 4 $,224, WWTP Completely 0 $ Water & Sanitation Vehicles & equipments Damages 50 $ 8,850, IT and Stationary Damages $ 255, Unseen Damages $ 2,000, Total USD $ 34,434, Prioritized s The following priority interventions are proposed: Immediate Humanitarian: Repair the damaged water supply facilities included (wells, network, tanks etc). Repair the damaged wastewater facilities included (network, pumping stations, WWTP etc). Supply fuel to operate water and wastewater Facilities Provide Generators incl. Spare Parts and consumables Provide chlorine for water supply disinfection. Supply mobile pumps, Spare parts and equipment. Provide Potable Water trucking for Displaced Population. Provide Water for domestic use trucking for displaced population. Provide Bulk water storage, jerry cans. Provide temporary sanitary installations for displaced population. Supply water and sanitation vehicles and equipments (suction trucks, jetting, etc).

13 Supply IT and Stationary equipments and material Early Recovery Reconstruct the damaged water supply facilities included (wells, network, tanks etc). Reconstruct the damaged wastewater facilities included (network, pumping stations, WWTP etc). Supply fuel to operate water and wastewater Facilities Provide chlorine for water supply disinfection. Provide Potable Water trucking for Displaced Population. Provide Water for domestic use trucking for displaced population. Supply spare parts for water and wastewater facilities (Pumps, Generators....etc). Supply water and sanitation vehicles and equipments (suction trucks, jetting,... etc) Long Term Providing additional water quantity with good quality through; constructing regional seawater desalination, Gaza NorthSouth carrier and Short term seawater desalination plants. Improving the efficiency of water distribution network. Constructing new efficient wastewater treatment plants and improving the efficiency of the existing ones. Increasing the coverage sewerage network ratio. Reuse the treated wastewater for agriculture. Water governance. 2

14 3.4. Financing Required Assumptions, methodology for financing, and basis for unit costs. Cost implications on the contamination of Water Resources, Environment and Public health consequences due to unknown chemical composition of weapons used by Israel, floods of wastewater, disposal of untreated effluents to the sea and the aquifer have not been taken in consideration. Normal delivery of construction materials, goads and equipment without any restrictions. Availability of power supply and fuel. Free access for staff and experts. The cost estimate for water and wastewater network has been based on linear meter cost including all required fittings and accessories and the installation cost. The number of displaced people is around 200, based on UNRWA figures. The material prices are tax inclusive. Assessment report to be endorsed by the government and introduced to the international community for pledging and commitment at donor s conference. Technical appraisal to be conducted by the international funding agencies. PWA/CMWU will provide Project Proposals. Financial agreements to be signed with Palestine Government. Coordination between PWA/CMWU with WASH cluster on humanitarian interventions. 3

15 Financing required. The following table summarizes the financing required for immediate humanitarian, early recovery and long term interventions. The cost indicated below reflects the needed financial support in addition to the ongoing program presented under item c below. Summary Sheet SubArea Immediate Humanitarian Intervetion water supply (wells, network, tanks etc) 4,98, Early Recovery Long Term $ $ 0,640, Water Desalination (LT, ST ) $ 500,000, Wastewater (network, pump stations, WWTP..etc) $ 4,790,00.00 $ 2,800, $ 55,000, Wastewater reuse $ 65,000, Vehicle & Equipments $ 500, $ 8,350, IT and Stationary Damages $ 255, Other & Unseen Damages $ 500, $,500, Supply fuel for water and wastewater Facilities $ 6,000, $ 6,000, Provide Generators incl. Spare Parts and other consumables $,200, $ 200, Provide chlorine for water supply disinfection $ 300, $ 300, Supply mobile pumps, Spare parts and equipment $,500, $ 500, Provide Potable Water trucking for Displaced Population $,200, $ 600, Provide Water for domestic use trucking for Displaced population $ 3,600, $,800, Bulk water storage, jerry cans for displaced population $ 3,000, $ Sanitary installations for displaced population $ 3,000, $ Total USD $ 30,826,00.00 $ 32,690, $ 620,000, Financing available and programs being implemented, either by the ministries, international organizations, or the ministries. The following programs have been under implementation:. Immediate Humanitarian intervention: The WASH cluster and international NGOs have managed to secure around 4.0 MUSD to cover part of water supplies, fuel supplies and rapid repair started to be utilized since the start of assault and are expected to be spent by the end of August, Long Term s The following programs have been committed as part of the long term intervention for water and sanitation development and have not been considered in the long term intervention estimate mentioned in tem b above. 4

16 Program Cost USD Financing agency North Gaza WWTP & Reuse scheme $ 54,000, WB, AFD, EU, SIDA, Belgium Gaza Central WWTP $ 78,000, KFW Khanyunis WWTP $ 56,800, IsDB, Japan, UNDP Water and Sanitation Programs $ 0,400, EU South Short Term Low Volume Desalination $ 3,400, EU Gaza Short Term Low Volume Desalination $ 5,000, IsDB Studies for Gaza Sea Water Desalination Plant $ 5,400, EIB Technical Assistance for PWA $,755, ADA Total USD $ 234,755,

17 4. Annexes 4.. Gaza Strip Total Damages Gaza Recovery and Reconstruction Plan Data Collection on Damages Palestinain Water Authority /Water Sector Gaza Strip Governorate To be addressed by: Donors and PWA SubArea Type of Damage Estimated Estamiated Cost ($) Cost assumptions Immediate Early Recovery Long Term Quantities of Repair/ Humanitarian Reconstruction Intervetion Water Wells Partially 5 $ 49, Water Wells Completely $,650, Water Network Partially 7500m.r $ 3,30, Water Network Completely mr $ 4,325, Water Tank Partially $,300, Water Tank Completely 5 $ 4,400, Desalination Unit Partially 7 $ 205, Desalination Unit Completely 2 $ 30, $ Wastewater Network Partially 030 m.r $ 2,427, Wastewater Network Completely 7238 m.r $ 2,492, Wastewater Pump Station Partially 2 $,447, Wastewater Pump Station Completely 0 $ WWTP Partially 4 $,224, WWTP Completely 0 $ Water & Sanitation Vehicles & equipments Damages Completely 50 $ 8,850, IT and Stationary Damages Completely $ 255, % Unseen Damages Completely $ 2,000, % 25% Total USD Total USD $ 34,434,

18 4.2. Long Term s: SubArea Type of Damage Estimated Quantities Estamiated Cost ($) of Repair/ Reconstruction Cost assumptions Immediate Humanitarian Intervetion Early Recovery WATER SUPPLY Central Sea Water Desalination Plant (55 MCM/YR.),Phase I.,GasFired Power Plant (35 MW), LTI** $ 270,000, Main Carrier, reservoirs, booster pumps, and pump stations. LTI $ 40,000, Non Revenew For Water (NRW ) LTI $ 35,000, Project Implementation Consultant (PIC). LTI $ 0,000, O&M Support For Desalination Plant LTI $ 20,000, Short term Low Volume Desalaintion Plants( STLV) STLV (4000 M3/D) for South LTI $ 20,000, STLV (28000 M3/D) for Middle Area LTI $ 5,000, WASTEWATER Waste Water Treatmnet Plants Upgarding of Rafah WWTP LTI $ 5,000, Sewage Networks North Governorate LTI $ 7,000, Gaza Governorate LTI $ 5,000, Middle Governorate LTI $ 8,000, Khanyunis Governorate LTI $ 5,000, Rafah LTI $ 5,000, Waste Water Reuse North Governorate LTI $ 20,000, Gaza Governorate LTI $ 5,000, Middle Governorate LTI $ 0,000, Khanyunis Governorate LTI $ 0,000, Rafah LTI $ 0,000, Total USD $ 620,000, Long Term 6

19 4.3. Northern Governorate Damages Gaza Recovery and Reconstruction Plan Data Collection on Damages Palestinain Water Authority /Water Sector Northern Governorate To be addressed by: Donors and PWA SubArea Type of Damage Estimated Quantities Estamiated Cost ($) of Repair/ Reconstruction Cost assumptions Immediate Humanitarian Intervetion Early Recovery Water Wells Partially 7 89, Water Wells Completely 0 Water Network Partially 3000 m.r 565, Water Network Completely 0400 m.r,560, Water Tank Partially 3 750, Water Tank Completely 0 Desalination Unit Partially 0 Desalination Unit Completely 0 Long Term Wastewater Network Partially 7700 m.r,595, Wastewater Network Completely 200 m.r 360, Wastewater Pump Station Partially 9 677, Wastewater Pump Station Completely 0 WWTP Partially 650, WWTP Completely 0 Total USD 6,346,

20 4.4. Gaza Governorate Damages Palestinain Water Authority /Water Sector SubArea Type of Damage Estimated Quantities Gaza Recovery and Reconstruction Plan Data Collection on Damages Gaza Governorate Estamiated Cost ($) of Repair/ Reconstruction Cost assumptions To be addressed by: Donors and PWA Immediate Early Recovery Long Term Humanitarian Intervetion Water Wells Partially 3 $ 75, Water Wells Completely 7 $,050, Water Network Partially 5000 m.r $ 870, Water Network Completely 3000 m.r $ 2,000, Water Tank Partially 0 $ Water Tank Completely $ 2,000, Desalination Unit Partially 0 $ Desalination Unit Completely 0 $ Wastewater Network Partially 2000 m.r $ 600, Wastewater Network Completely 6000 m.r $ 2,00, Wastewater Pump Station Partially $ 700, Wastewater Pump Station Completely 0 $ WWTP Partially $ 450, WWTP Completely 0 $ Total USD $ 9,845,

21 4.5. Middle Area Governorate Damages Palestinain Water Authority /Water Sector SubArea Type of Damage Estimated Quantities Gaza Recovery and Reconstruction Plan Data Collection on Damages Middle Area Governorate Estamiated Cost ($) Cost assumptions of Repair/ Reconstruction To be addressed by: Donors and PWA Immediate Humanitarian Intervetion Early Recovery Long Term Water Wells Partially 3 $ 45, Water Wells Completely 4 $ 600, Water Network Partially 2500 m.r $ 429, Water Network Completely 3700 m.r $ 565, Water Tank Partially 7 $ 500, Water Tank Completely 0 $ Desalination Unit Partially 3 $ 85, Desalination Unit Completely $ 70, Wastewater Network Partially 260 m.r $ 7, Wastewater Network Completely 20 m.r $ 20, Wastewater Pump Station Partially $ 30, Wastewater Pump Station Completely 0 $ WWTP Partially $ 24, WWTP Completely 0 $ Total USD $ 2,685,

22 4.6. Khanyounis Governorate Damages Palestinain Water Authority /Water Sector SubArea Type of Damage Estimated Quantities Gaza Recovery and Reconstruction Plan Data Collection on Damages Khanyunis Governorate Estamiated Cost ($) Cost assumptions of Repair/ Reconstruction $ $ To be addressed by: Donors and PWA Immediate Humanitarian Intervetion Early Recovery Long Term Water Wells Partially 0 Water Wells Completely 0 Water Network Partially 6000 m.r $,269, Water Network Completely 2000 m.r $ 200, Water Tank Partially $ 50, Water Tank Completely 4 $ 2,400, Desalination Unit Partially 0 $ 3 Desalination Unit Completely $ 60, Wastewater Network Partially 70 m.r $ 30, Wastewater Network Completely 8 m.r $ 2, Wastewater Pump Station Partially 0 $ Wastewater Pump Station Completely 0 $ WWTP Partially 0 $ WWTP Completely 0 $ Total USD $ 4,02,

23 4.7. Rafah Governorate Damages SubArea Type of Damage Estimated Quantities Estamiated Cost ($) of Repair/ Reconstruction Cost assumptions Immediate Humanitarian Intervetion Water Wells Partially 2 $ 0, Water Wells Completely 0 $ Water Network Partially 000 m.r $ 77, Water Network Completely 0 $ Water Tank Partially 0 $ Water Tank Completely 0 $ Desalination Unit Partially $ 20, Desalination Unit Completely 0 $ Wastewater Network Partially 280 m.r $ 85, Wastewater Network Completely 0 $ Wastewater Pump Station Partially $ 40, Wastewater Pump Station Completely 0 $ WWTP Partially $ 00, WWTP Completely 0 $ Total USD $ 432, Early Recovery Long Term 2

24 4.8. Total Water and Sanitation Equipment and Plant Damages Palestinain Water Authority /Water Sector SubArea Type of Damage Estimated Quantities Gaza Recovery and Reconstruction Plan Data Collection on Damages Gaza Strip Governorate Estamiated Cost ($) of Repair/ Reconstruction Cost assumptions To be addressed by: Donors and PWA Immediate Humanitarian Intervetion Early Recovery Long Term Vehicles Damages (see attached table) 50 $ 8,850, IT and Stationary Damages $ 255, % Unseen Damages $ 2,000, % 75% Total USD $,05, Palestinain Water Authority /Water Sector Gaza Strip Governorate Water & Sanitation Vehicles & equipments Damages SubArea Type of Damage Estimated Estamiated Cost ($) Cost Quantities of Repair/ Reconstruction assumptions Loaders Completely 5,000, Excavators Completely 5,500, Backhoe Completely 5,000, Trucks Completely 5 800, Truck With Crane Completely 5,500, Suction Trucks Completely 5 800, Jetter Completely 5,500, Operation Vehicles (Maintanance, Leakage detection Completely and disinfection) 5 750, Total USD $ 8,850, To be addressed by: Immediate Humanitarian Intervetion Early Recovery $ 5 $ 5 $ 5 $ 5 $ 5 $ 5 $ 5 $ 0 5 Long Term 22

25 4.9. Photos: 23

26 24

27 4.0. CMWU Detailed Technical Assessment Report 25

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