Vehicle fuel efficiency standards for Australia WHY, WHAT AND WHEN?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Vehicle fuel efficiency standards for Australia WHY, WHAT AND WHEN?"

Transcription

1 Vehicle fuel efficiency standards for Australia WHY, WHAT AND WHEN?

2 2 I VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA I WHY, WHAT AND WHEN? Executive Summary Key Points Transport is the second largest greenhouse polluter in Australia, releasing over 80 million tonnes of greenhouse pollution annually. New cars purchased in Australia are approximately 41 percent more polluting than new cars purchased in the European Union. The average rate of fuel consumption in Australian vehicles has hardly changed since Within the OECD Japan, South Korea, the USA and European Union all have mandatory standards for vehicle fuel efficiency, and China joins these nations with its own stringent fuel consumption regulations. Australia has no mandatory fuel efficiency standards, and is lagging behind the pack. Australian made vehicles are typically large and inefficient. Almost 75 percent of Australian made vehicles are sold into government or corporate vehicle fleets. Australian motorists prefer to purchase smaller, more efficient vehicles and therefore look towards foreign made cars. The NRMA-commissioned Jamison Group found in 2008 that fuel efficiency standards for vehicles could save the average motorist over $700 a year in fuel costs. Through introducing strong mandatory vehicle fuel efficiency standards, Australia could become a leader in efficiency and manufacturing while making big cuts to our greenhouse pollution from transport, securing Australia jobs and helping the average Australian family slash hundreds of dollars off their fuel bills each year. Recommendations 1. That the Australian Government introduce a mandatory vehicle fuel efficiency standard to achieve a fleet average of 5L per 100km (114g/km) for all new cars sold in Australia by This is in line with world s best practice in Japan and the European Union. Further, the Australian Government should also seek to: 2. Adjust all taxes and subsidies in relation to vehicle manufacturing, importation and sales to encourage the uptake of fuel efficient vehicles, while actively discouraging fuel inefficient vehicles. 3. Ensure strong, on-going incentives for the local manufacture of fuel efficient vehicles. 4. Commit to prioritising the purchase of low emissions vehicles for its fleet, and 5. Advocate state governments introduce a sliding scale for car registration and stamp duty fees that includes a concession for new fuel efficient vehicles and a levy on new inefficient and heavy vehicles.

3 3 I VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA I WHY, WHAT AND WHEN? Introduction The transport sector is the second largest greenhouse polluter in Australia. It releases over 80 million tonnes of greenhouse pollution into our atmosphere each year 1. Ensuring sustainable transport options such as public transport, cycling and walking that are more accessible and reliable is vital to reducing emissions from our transport sector, and will assist in strengthening our communities and saving money for working families through reducing private vehicle use. saving to Australian families. Environment Victoria believes the federal government should implement a mandatory vehicle fuel efficiency standard to achieve a fleet average of 5L per 100km (114g CO2/km) for all new cars sold in Australia by 2015, in addition to other measures that will ensure emissions reductions from our vehicle fleet. This paper provides more detail on how and why this should be done. However, it is not reasonable to assume that these alternate transport modes will be practical for all people at all times. Given that most families will continue to rely on private car travel at least some of the time, the Federal Government has a responsibility to make sure that those cars are as efficient as possible. Fuel efficiency is repeatedly cited as some of the low hanging fruit of climate change action - i.e. one of the more painless and obvious ways to reduce our greenhouse emissions. Despite this, Australia is yet to take the necessary steps to ensure these easy savings of greenhouse emissions are achieved. In tough economic times there are many actions the government can take to both reduce our greenhouse emissions and save consumers much needed dollars for the family budget. Analysis conducted by the NRMA-commissioned Jamison Group in 2008 found compulsory fuel consumption standards could save the average motorist over $700 a year in fuel costs. As petrol prices continue to rise, so too will this potential

4 4 I VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA I WHY, WHAT AND WHEN? Australia s vehicle fleet - a snapshot There are over 15 million motor vehicles on the road in Australia, of which passenger vehicles account for 78 percent 2. In the year ending October 2007, more than 215 billion km were driven on Australian roads, which is the equivalent of travelling to Pluto and back 25 times 3. Passenger vehicles accounted for 73 percent of the total distance travelled, and consumed nearly 16 million L of fuel 4. In relation to fuel consumption, the Federal Chamber of Automotive Industries advises that in 2009 new Australian made passenger vehicles averaged 218g of carbon dioxide (CO2) per km, or put differently, 9.6L of fuel to travel 100km 5. This is approximately 41 percent higher than for new passenger vehicles in the European Union. Australia s existing vehicle fleet in 2007 had an average fuel consumption of 11.5L per 100km 6. By a large margin, the most popular car segment in the country is the small, more fuel efficient car 7. The Australian car manufacturing industry focuses on medium to large cars, and their sales - in the order of 75% - are reliant upon procurement preferences for Australian-made cars in fleet purchases, such as those by various levels of government. This traditional procurement preference is competing with other policy objectives. For example the recent Victorian Transport Plan commits the Government to mandatory carbon emissions targets for State Government fleets whilst still maintaining the Government s policy of buying locally manufactured vehicles 8. Australian motorists demonstrated preference for small and fuel efficient cars has meant that they have been forced to purchase imported vehicles in the absence of local alternatives. If government procurement were altered to support purchase of vehicles that are both fuel efficient and locally made it could accelerate product shifts in local manufacturing and bring on-line greater consumer choice. Australia s existing vehicle fleet presents a particular challenge for reducing emissions, given that many of the cars on the road today will continue polluting for years to come. However, to create the transition towards a more sustainable and efficient vehicle fleet, Australian governments should first look to improve the efficiency of new vehicles entering the market. This will ensure that the new vehicles we introduce to the vehicle fleet offer solutions to the challenges of climate change and higher petrol prices. These vehicles will eventually filter through to the second hand car market, ensuring that low-income demographics will have access to more efficient (and affordable) vehicles that those currently available.

5 5 I VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA I WHY, WHAT AND WHEN? But aren t cars becoming more fuel efficient? The average efficiency of the Australian vehicle fleet has not changed significantly since figures were first collected in Whilst there has been a trend towards compact design for electronic goods and IT, cars have stagnated or moved in the opposite direction- even increasing their petrol input and pollution output. In 1963 the average rate of fuel consumption for Australia s fleet of passenger vehicles was 11.4L to travel 100km, in 2007 it was 11.5L per 100km 9. Why is this so? Since the advent of the personal vehicle, car manufacturers have striven to improve their product to attract more buyers. These improvements have resulted in the engines working more efficiently, but these fuel efficiencies have been lost due to more power being required for air conditioning, power windows/steering, entertainment systems, or to carry a heavier weight - e.g. four wheel drive. In addition the proliferation of freeways has reduced the fuel efficiency of cars - more fuel is used if you drive at 110km/h than if you drive at 70km/h 10. The introduction of the Green Car Innovation Fund by the Federal Government was a good start towards greening the Australian car manufacturing industry and helping manufacturers move towards more efficient vehicles. Further, the commitment by the Victorian Government to purchase up to 2,000 of the new Toyota Hybrid Camrys (developed with assistance from the fund) over the next two years is also very welcome as it provides a market for new more efficient vehicles in Australian fleets and indicates to manufacturers the potential direction of future purchasing decisions by government. However much more can and needs to be done. Governments and industry are very aware of the challenge that the move towards smaller, more efficient vehicles by Australian motorists creates for the Australian manufacturing industry. In fact, the federal government Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research notes on its website that: While the sector has enjoyed strong growth in export markets, (notwithstanding 2009) its share of the domes c market has fallen from 30.2 percent in 2002 to 15.7 percent in This is indica ve of a long term consumer trend towards smaller, lower fuel consump on cars and, to a lesser degree, towards SUVs. This is away from the larger cars tradi onally produced in Australia. The future success of the local manufacturing sector will be largely determined by its ability to respond to these challenges 11. To date in Australia there has not been a stick or carrot significant enough to drive the manufacture and purchase of cars that use significantly less fuel - but the government can change that.

6 6 I VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA I WHY, WHAT AND WHEN? What s the rest of the world doing? Within the OECD Japan, South Korea, the USA and European Union all have mandatory standards for vehicle fuel efficiency, and China joins these nations with its own stringent fuel consumption regulations. Japan and the European Union are widely accepted as the world leaders in fuel efficiency standards. Japan has a mandatory emissions limit of 125g/ km for passenger cars by 2015, and will have reached 130g/km by Its standards, which are allocated into sixteen weight-based categories, are supported by stringent measurement and penalties for non-compliance. The European Union has a mandatory emissions limit of 130g of CO2 per km for passenger cars, which is also based on a weight curve and reinforced with monetary penalties for non-compliance. The target is to be phased in with 65 percent of each manufacturer s newly registered cars complying by 2012, rising to 75 percent in 2013, 80 percent in 2014, and 100 percent from 2015 onwards. The EU has also announced a 95g/ km target for 2020, with precise details of the plan to be established by the beginning of Chinese regulations require a fuel consumption standard of 5.6L per 100 km for passenger vehicles 13, and China is reportedly drafting plans for the standard to be improved this year 14. Meanwhile, in 2009 the United States government announced an increase in the fuel efficiency standards for passenger vehicles for the first time in 24 years - from 2011 a mandatory efficiency standard will be in place, resulting in a new car standard of approximately 6.6L per 100km by 2016, which is a 30 percent reduction in vehicle emissions on today s standards 15. Despite being measured in different ways - L per 100km, km per L, g of CO2 per km - two things are certain, all of the above schemes are mandatory and all are achieving more than we are in Australia. But countries around the world are not just implementing vehicle fuel efficiency standards in their attempt to slash transport greenhouse emissions. They have recognised that in order to make mandatory fuel efficiency standards more effective, secondary measures that stimulate demand for fuel efficient vehicles are required. In April 2009 Japan s top selling car, for the first time, was a hybrid. This performance was repeated the following month. Key to the hybrid s success was subsidies and tax cuts for fuel efficient vehicles which were a part of Japan s stimulus package 16 ; however tax reduction incentives for fuel efficient vehicles have existed in Japan since The taxes are based on the gross weight and engine displacement of vehicles, when purchased and registered, which promote the purchase of lighter vehicles with smaller engines - saving consumers in the realm of US$4000 over the life of the car. Meanwhile if motorists own a hybrid in the UK their road tax bill will be just 15, but if they have a 4WD it will be 400 under a system that has been in place since This model has been further

7 7 I VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA I WHY, WHAT AND WHEN? improved in the UK as of April 2010, with the introduction of a new first year rate that could be as much as 950 for the most polluting cars 18. This acts as a larger disincentive for inefficient vehicles at the point of purchase. China also has in place progressive taxation laws directed at both automakers and consumers, which reduces the cost of selling and purchasing vehicles with smaller engines. In China today, fuel efficient vehicles are subject to a 1 percent sales tax whilst sports cars and 4WDs attract a 40 percent sales tax 19. In the US the Gas Guzzler Tax, enacted in 1978, is assessed on new passenger cars that do not meet the required fuel economy standards 20. By making fuel efficient vehicles more financially attractive to customers through measures such as those mentioned above, demand for fuel efficient vehicles would be stimulated. In return this would further push the supply side to produce vehicles that meet the required targets. As with all public policy, carrots and sticks used in the right way can reward the positive and penalise the negative. When applied to the laws governing vehicle fleets, they can steer that fleet to becoming far more fuel efficient.

8 8 I VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA I WHY, WHAT AND WHEN? Where does Australia currently stand on vehicle fuel efficiency standards? To date Australia has relied on voluntary agreements with the car industry. In 2003 a vehicle fuel efficiency target was agreed between the industry and the federal government to reduce fuel consumption in new vehicles to 6.8L per 100km by However shortly after, the industry altered its testing arrangements triggering a review of the target that was never finalised. The industry has since relaxed the target to 222g of CO2 for new vehicles by The Australian industry is currently on track to meet this new industry set voluntary target, with new vehicle purchases in 2009 reaching 218g/km (equivalent to 9.6L per 100km under the new testing). While a direct comparison between the two targets cannot be made due to the altered testing arrangements, it is understood by industry experts that the new target falls well short of the original 22. Further, this industry set voluntary target is far behind vehicle efficiency standards elsewhere. For example, in 2008, Australia s carbon emissions from new passenger cars were 41 percent higher than the European Union 23. The story regarding the Australian manufacturing industry is just as concerning. In 2008, the average emissions from Australian-made vehicles were 267g/km (equivalent to 11.7L per 100km) 24. In 2009 Federal Transport Minister Anthony Albanese indicated his support for laws to ensure a minimum standard for fuel efficiencies 25. In July 2009 COAG announced they will complete a Regulatory Impact Statement to assess the costs and benefits of possible voluntary or mandatory vehicle emissions standards 26 which is due in The inclusion of voluntary standards within the research parameters is concerning, as their continual failure over more than two decades has ensured Australia remains behind the best of the world. Since October 2008 all new cars sold in Australia have been required to display the fuel consumption, in L per 100km (for urban and non-urban driving), and the number of grams of carbon dioxide emitted by the vehicle per km. While this consumer information is useful (and could be improved with the addition of a star-ratings system) it is no substitute for mandatory standards for vehicle emissions.

9 9 I VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA I WHY, WHAT AND WHEN? How can Australia become one of the world leaders? Australia is lagging behind and we need to catch up with the best in the world. It is clear that voluntary standards do not work. In 2008 the International Energy Agency recommended that governments introduce mandatory over voluntary fuel efficiency standards in order to achieve significant energy savings in the transport sector 27. Mandatory standards that ensure minimum fuel efficiency for cars in Australia are a simple, effective and pain free way the Government can reduce our greenhouse pollution. It is imperative that concrete steps are taken now to achieve these simple gains, so we can move forward to more difficult areas of the economy where savings must also be found if the Government is to achieve even its 60 percent by 2050 reduction in Australia s greenhouse pollution. Of course the beauty of fuel efficiency standards is that there are several other benefits - they will help families cope with higher petrol prices, reduce our dependence on oil, and ensure that our car manufacturers remain competitive in the international market. In addition the technologies are well established, continually improving and available today. Environment Victoria is urging the Federal Government to immediately phase-in mandatory fuel efficiency standards that will bring us in line with Japan and the EU by Australia can become one of the world leaders by ensuring these standards are strong, set a clear direction for manufacturers to ensure simplified compliance, and are free from loopholes. The Jamison Group, convened by the NRMA, advocate mandatory standards in staged increments to 2015, when a standard of 5L per 100km (114/km) or better be required Environment Victoria believes that the Federal Government should adopt this standard. Additionally the Government should withdraw all subsidies, incentives, taxes and duties identified in the Henry Tax Review that work to discourage fuel efficient vehicles or alternatives to car travel, and support those measures which encourage the production, importation and purchase of fuel efficient vehicles. All government taxes, subsidies and incentives involving car manufacturers should act to move the industry towards the production of small, fuel efficient cars and away from large, fuel inefficient cars; whist tariffs on imported vehicles should be based on a sliding scale which reflects their fuel efficiency. In this way Australian jobs are protected, and we ensure a transition towards a clean, locally manufactured vehicle fleet. The Australian Government can lead the way by setting a clear timeline for their procurement policy to shift towards a preference for fuel efficient vehicles over those made in Australia, whilst encouraging companies to do likewise with their fleets. Providing a clear timeline allows the car manufacturing sector the time to adapt their product to that which is in demand in Australia - small and fuel efficient vehicles. The Green Car Fund is an excellent example of a policy that drives the right greenhouse

10 10 I VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA I WHY, WHAT AND WHEN? outcomes whilst protecting Australian jobs - but more needs to be done. Australia s climate change response requires decisive action on proven systems and technologies that will reduce our greenhouse emissions. A mandatory fuel efficiency standard to achieve a fleet average of 5L per 100km for all new cars sold in Australia by 2015 should be enacted.

11 11 I VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA I WHY, WHAT AND WHEN? Recommendations Environment Victoria believes the Australian government should: Introduce a mandatory vehicle fuel efficiency standard to achieve a fleet average of 5L per 100km (114g/km), for all new cars sold in Australia by 2015 The Jamison Group, convened by the NRMA after their Alternative Fuel Summit in 2006, proposes Australia adopts mandatory standards in staged increments to 2015, when a standard of 5L per 100km or better be required. This is in line with world s best practice in Japan and the European Union. Adjust all taxes and subsidies in relation to vehicle manufacturing, importation and sales to encourage the uptake of fuel efficient vehicles, while actively discouraging fuel inefficient vehicles Remove perverse incentives related to fuel inefficient vehicles. Introduce a sliding scale linked to fuel efficiency for all taxes and duties. Commit to prioritising the purchase of low emissions vehicles for its fleet Actively encourage other levels of government and the private sector to follow suit the Victorian Government commitment to purchase up to two thousand of the new Camry Hybrid vehicles over the first two years of production, combined with support for Toyota through the Green Car Innovation Fund ensured a ready market for the introduction of the Camry Hybrid in Advocate state governments introduce a sliding scale for car registration and stamp duty fees that includes: A concession for new fuel efficient vehicles. A levy on new inefficient and heavy vehicles- by introducing both concessions and levies simultaneously, registration and stamp duty concession schemes can be revenue neutral for governments. Ensure strong, on-going incentives for the local manufacture of fuel efficient vehicles The Green Car Fund is an excellent example of a policy that drives the right greenhouse outcomes whilst protecting Australian jobs - but more needs to be done.

12 12 I VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA I WHY, WHAT AND WHEN? References 1 Alternative_Fuels_report_July_2008.pdf?cpssessionid=SID-D920B3F7-6A5E17B1 pg /6006BF6A6CC2F525CA2574B20020D2AB?OpenDocument Australian Government, Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research (2010). Outlook for the Automotive Manufacturing Industry Fact Sheet, accessed at innovation.gov.au/section/aboutdiisr/factsheets/pages/ OutlookfortheAutomotiveManufacturingIndustryFactSheet.aspx Jamison Group (2008), A Roadmap for Alternative Fuels in Australia: Ending our Dependence on Oil, pg. 26. Available at mynrma.com.au/cps/rde/xbcr/mynrma/jamison_group_alternative_ Fuels_report_July_2008.pdf?cpssessionid=SID-3D48BA9C-420E79D President-on-national-fuel-efficiency-standards/. The President announced a fuel efficiency standard of 35.5 miles per gallon (mpg) to be achieved by One mpg is equal to km per L. Therefore 35.5mgp is equivalent to 6.6L per 100km ee5q 17 transportintheuk,and briefings/snbt pdf, pg pdf, pg Ibid 23 National Transport Commissions (November, 2009). Carbon Emissions from New Australian Vehicles, pg. iv. 24 Ibid, pg. 21.

13 13 I VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA I WHY, WHAT AND WHEN? cfm#energy 27 Transport/5-Vehicle_Fuel.pdf accessed

A fuel efficient vehicle fleet for Victoria WHAT THE VICTORIAN GOVERNMENT CAN DO

A fuel efficient vehicle fleet for Victoria WHAT THE VICTORIAN GOVERNMENT CAN DO A fuel efficient vehicle fleet for Victoria WHAT THE VICTORIAN GOVERNMENT CAN DO 2 I A FUEL EFFICIENT VEHICLE FLEET FOR VICTORIA I WHAT THE VICTORIAN GOVERNMENT CAN DO Executive Summary Key Points The

More information

Submission to Environment and Communications Legislation Committee

Submission to Environment and Communications Legislation Committee Submission to Environment and Communications Legislation Committee Inquiry into the Motor Vehicle Standards (Cheaper Transport) Bill 2014 Dr Anna Mortimore Griffith University Business School University

More information

Global Light-duty Vehicles: Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards

Global Light-duty Vehicles: Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards International Council on Clean Transportation Global Passenger Vehicles Program April 2011 Update Global Light-duty Vehicles: Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards The ICCT developed a methodology

More information

carbon footprinting a guide for fleet managers

carbon footprinting a guide for fleet managers carbon footprinting a guide for fleet managers Introduction For some organisations, carbon footprinting is perceived to be about reducing emissions purely for environmental reasons. But it is primarily

More information

An evaluation of the UK s shift to CO 2 based Company Car Taxation

An evaluation of the UK s shift to CO 2 based Company Car Taxation Taxation of Company Cars Workshop An evaluation of the UK s shift to CO 2 based Company Car Taxation Stephen Potter Professor of Transport Strategy and member of the UK Green Fiscal Commission Context

More information

VEHICLE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARD - REPORT BACK

VEHICLE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARD - REPORT BACK Chair Cabinet Economic Growth and Infrastructure Committee Office of the Minister of Transport VEHICLE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARD - REPORT BACK Proposal 1. As directed by Cabinet in February 2009 [CAB Min (09)

More information

Car CO2 taxation and it s impact on the British car fleet

Car CO2 taxation and it s impact on the British car fleet Car CO2 taxation and it s impact on the British car fleet Ministry of Industry and Information Technology International Council on Clean Transportation Vehicle Fuel Consumption Regulation and Fiscal Policy

More information

RACQ S POLICY POSITION ON A CARBON PRICE AND FUEL

RACQ S POLICY POSITION ON A CARBON PRICE AND FUEL Carbon Price on Fuel Position Statement 28 March 211 RACQ S POLICY POSITION ON A CARBON PRICE AND FUEL Summary The Australian Government intends to reduce carbon emissions, including through the implementation

More information

Reducing CO2 Emissions from New Cars: A Study of Major Car Manufacturers' Progress in 2006. November 2007

Reducing CO2 Emissions from New Cars: A Study of Major Car Manufacturers' Progress in 2006. November 2007 Reducing CO2 Emissions from New Cars: A Study of Major Car Manufacturers' Progress in 2006 November 2007 1 Reducing CO2 Emissions from New Cars: A Study of Major Car Manufacturers' Progress in 2006 November

More information

Canadian Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References

Canadian Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References Canadian Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References 1.1Background Vehicles in Canada are required to comply with emission standards for a defined full useful

More information

Fleet Selection Detailed Guide

Fleet Selection Detailed Guide Fleet Selection Detailed Guide Version Control No Date Comment 1 December 2009 Original version 2 May 2010 Minor word changes Fleet Selection Detailed Guide Page 1 of 8 THE FLEET DECISION Introduction

More information

Key Solutions CO₂ assessment

Key Solutions CO₂ assessment GE Capital Key Solutions CO₂ assessment CO₂ emissions from company car fleets across Europe s major markets between 2008 and 2010 www.gecapital.eu/fleet Contents Introduction and key findings Reduction

More information

CLEANER CAR REBATE Improving the efficiency of our vehicle fleet

CLEANER CAR REBATE Improving the efficiency of our vehicle fleet 1 Cleaner Car Rebate CLEANER CAR REBATE The Gillard Labor Government will provide $394 million to support motorists to purchase new, low-emission, fuel-efficient vehicles. Households will be able to receive

More information

Germany. Type: Large Market; Large Share. Original Equipment Rank. Aftermarket Rank

Germany. Type: Large Market; Large Share. Original Equipment Rank. Aftermarket Rank Germany Type: Large Market; Large Share Germany ranks number 4 on ITA s list of top U.S. auto parts export markets. After several years of declining auto sales, Western Europe has slowly begun to show

More information

Cleantech in China The road to increasing electric vehicle adoption

Cleantech in China The road to increasing electric vehicle adoption www.pwc.com/cleantech Cleantech in China The road to increasing electric vehicle adoption March 2013 China has held the title of world s largest auto market since 2009, when it surpassed the U.S. with

More information

How Clean is Your Car Brand?

How Clean is Your Car Brand? How Clean is Your Car Brand? The car industry's commitment to the EU to reduce CO 2 emissions: a brand-by-brand progress report October 2006 How Clean is Your Car Brand? The car industry's commitment to

More information

Brazil s Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy 1.1 Background

Brazil s Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy 1.1 Background Brazil s Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy 1.1 Background Brazil s heavy use of flex fuel vehicles and production of ethanol make it both a regional and global frontrunner in cleaner fuels and

More information

Introduction. How company cars are taxed. Calculating the cash equivalent

Introduction. How company cars are taxed. Calculating the cash equivalent Introduction Company cars remain a popular employment-related benefit despite the generally high income tax charges on them. The tax charge on company cars cars provided to employees by their employers

More information

Overview of the Heavy-Duty National Program. Need to Reduce Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gases from Vehicles

Overview of the Heavy-Duty National Program. Need to Reduce Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gases from Vehicles Submitted by United States of America Informal document WP.29-155-11 (155 th WP.29, 15-18 November 2011, agenda item 14) United States of America Environmental Protection Agency and National Highway Traffic

More information

Why Some Fuel-Efficient Vehicles Are Not Sold Domestically

Why Some Fuel-Efficient Vehicles Are Not Sold Domestically Why Some Fuel-Efficient Vehicles Are Not Sold Domestically Bill Canis Specialist in Industrial Organization and Business August 17, 2012 CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress

More information

Submission to the Review of Australia s Future Tax System

Submission to the Review of Australia s Future Tax System Submission to the Review of Australia s Future Tax System March 2009 Federal Chamber of Automotive Industries Level 6, 10 Rudd Street Canberra ACT 2600 Phone: +61 2 6247 3811 Facsimile: +61 2 6248 7673

More information

Australian Automobile Association. Submission to: Light vehicle CO2 emission standards for Australia. Key Issues Discussion Paper

Australian Automobile Association. Submission to: Light vehicle CO2 emission standards for Australia. Key Issues Discussion Paper Constituent Members: Australian Automobile Association Submission to: Light vehicle CO2 emission standards for Australia Key Issues Discussion Paper December 2011 The Australian Automobile Association

More information

Impact of the climate change discussion on the

Impact of the climate change discussion on the Investor Visit, Credit Suisse, Ingolstadt, 19 May 2009 Impact of the climate change discussion on the Dr. Guido Haak Central Functions/Processes, Product Management, AUDI AG Facts regarding CO 2 and the

More information

Vehicle fuel economy standards in the ASEAN: Need for harmonized approach

Vehicle fuel economy standards in the ASEAN: Need for harmonized approach Vehicle fuel economy standards in the ASEAN: Need for harmonized approach Bert Fabian Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities Center (CAI-Asia Center) 5 th UNCRD EST Forum Bangkok, Thailand 23-25 August

More information

Commercial vehicles and CO 2

Commercial vehicles and CO 2 Commercial vehicles and European Automobile Manufacturers Association ACEA position Fuel Efficiency is Market Driven Fuel efficiency is one of the most important competitive factors in developing and selling

More information

and fuel consumption from new cars: Assessing the near-term technology potential in the EU

and fuel consumption from new cars: Assessing the near-term technology potential in the EU www.theicct.org Briefing January 2013 Reducing CO 2 and fuel consumption from new cars: Assessing the near-term technology potential in the EU 1. Effect of the EU-CO 2 regulation The average CO 2 emissions

More information

IMPROVING THE FUEL EFFICIENCY OF THE VICTORIAN GOVERNMENT S PASSENGER VEHICLE FLEET

IMPROVING THE FUEL EFFICIENCY OF THE VICTORIAN GOVERNMENT S PASSENGER VEHICLE FLEET IMPROVING THE FUEL EFFICIENCY OF THE VICTORIAN GOVERNMENT S PASSENGER VEHICLE FLEET February 2016 About us In 2009, The Myer Foundation and Monash University realised that Australia needed a new approach

More information

SUBMISSION FROM AA IRELAND ON THE COMBINED SUBJECTS OF: Motor Tax Rebalancing to take account of CO2 Emissions

SUBMISSION FROM AA IRELAND ON THE COMBINED SUBJECTS OF: Motor Tax Rebalancing to take account of CO2 Emissions March 2007 SUBMISSION FROM AA IRELAND ON THE COMBINED SUBJECTS OF: Motor Tax Rebalancing to take account of CO2 & Changes to Vehicle Registration Tax to take account of CO2 AA Ireland is the country s

More information

ELECTRICITY MARKET REFORM (EMR) & THE ENERGY BILL INENCO OVERVIEW

ELECTRICITY MARKET REFORM (EMR) & THE ENERGY BILL INENCO OVERVIEW ELECTRICITY MARKET REFORM (EMR) & THE ENERGY BILL INENCO OVERVIEW February 2014 ELECTRICITY MARKET REFORM (EMR) & THE ENERGY BILL The Energy Bill is the government s flagship energy policy. There have

More information

Making car taxes work for the environment

Making car taxes work for the environment Making car taxes work for the environment T&E position paper on the Proposal for a Council Directive on passenger car related taxes (COM(2005)261 final) T&E, Brussels, December 2005 Summary of T&E s position

More information

Overview of vehicle taxation schemes (including incentives for electric vehicles), 2014. Content: 1. National vehicle taxation schemes Overview...

Overview of vehicle taxation schemes (including incentives for electric vehicles), 2014. Content: 1. National vehicle taxation schemes Overview... Overview of vehicle taxation schemes (including incentives for electric vehicles), 2014 Content: 1. National vehicle taxation schemes Overview... 2 2. National vehicle taxation schemes Description... 4

More information

Greening Fleets. A roadmap to lower costs and cleaner corporate fleets

Greening Fleets. A roadmap to lower costs and cleaner corporate fleets Greening Fleets A roadmap to lower costs and cleaner corporate fleets Rising energy costs and climate change are dual challenges facing businesses today. These challenges are particularly salient for corporate

More information

Hong Kong, China. 40 th APEC Energy Working Group Meeting Statement on Notable Energy Developments. (1) Building Energy Codes

Hong Kong, China. 40 th APEC Energy Working Group Meeting Statement on Notable Energy Developments. (1) Building Energy Codes 40 th APEC Energy Working Group Meeting Statement on Notable Energy Developments Hong Kong, China (1) Building Energy Codes The Electrical and Mechanical Services Department of the Hong Kong Government

More information

Vehicle Registration Tax

Vehicle Registration Tax Vehicle Registration Tax TSG 06/16b 1. Vehicle Registration Tax (VRT) is an important source of revenue for the Exchequer, providing 2.9% of the total net tax receipts for 2005. It is therefore a valuable

More information

REGULATIONS. 5.6.2009 EN Official Journal of the European Union L 140/1

REGULATIONS. 5.6.2009 EN Official Journal of the European Union L 140/1 5.6.2009 EN Official Journal of the European Union L 140/1 I (Acts adopted under the EC Treaty/Euratom Treaty whose publication is obligatory) REGULATIONS REGULATION (EC) No 443/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

More information

THE UK CLIMATE CHANGE PROGRAMME AND EXAMPLES OF BEST PRACTICE. Gabrielle Edwards United Kingdom

THE UK CLIMATE CHANGE PROGRAMME AND EXAMPLES OF BEST PRACTICE. Gabrielle Edwards United Kingdom Workshop on Best Practices in Policies and Measures, 11 13 April 2000, Copenhagen THE UK CLIMATE CHANGE PROGRAMME AND EXAMPLES OF BEST PRACTICE Gabrielle Edwards United Kingdom Abstract: The UK published

More information

Introduction. Why Focus on Heavy Trucks?

Introduction. Why Focus on Heavy Trucks? Introduction Heavy-duty long-haul trucks are critical to the movement of the Nation s freight. These vehicles, which currently consume about 10 percent of the Nation s oil, are characterized by high fuel

More information

Planning and Design for Sustainable Urban Mobility

Planning and Design for Sustainable Urban Mobility 1 Planning and Design for Sustainable Urban Mobility 2 1 UrbanizationUrbanization Rapid pace, largely uncontrolled growth, taking place mainly in developing countries 3 Global Urbanization Trends World

More information

Report on the Evaluation of the. Company Car Tax Reform: Stage 2

Report on the Evaluation of the. Company Car Tax Reform: Stage 2 Report on the Evaluation of the Company Car Tax Reform: Stage 2 Her Majesty s Revenue & Customs 22 March 2006 Table of Contents Introduction Page 3 Summary of results Page 4 Background Page 6 The evaluation

More information

(1) INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY OF THE SURVEY

(1) INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY OF THE SURVEY October 31st, 2011 COMPANY CAR POLICIES TO REDUCE CO 2 -EMISSIONS: A SURVEY AMONGST SELECTED WEC MEMBER COMPANIES Composed by Kristina Modée and Frank Werner, World Environment Center (WEC) Structure of

More information

Thailand s automotive excise tax reform

Thailand s automotive excise tax reform Thailand s automotive excise tax reform November 20,2014 Chiang Mai, Thailand Excise Department Impact on Green House Gas : CO 2 National Disasters cause by climate change which lead to raising in temperatures

More information

Philippines Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References

Philippines Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References Philippines Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References 1.2 Background Motorization rates (in terms of vehicle ownership per 1000 people) in ASEAN

More information

G-20 action on vehicle efficiency and emissions

G-20 action on vehicle efficiency and emissions G-20 action on vehicle efficiency and emissions Drew Kodjak, International Council on Clean Transportation; David Shorr, Stanley Foundation; and Sheila Watson, Global Fuel Economy Initiative. This short

More information

Proof Positive. In 2008, British Columbia announced a bold new climate policy: North America s first revenue-neutral tax on carbon pollution.

Proof Positive. In 2008, British Columbia announced a bold new climate policy: North America s first revenue-neutral tax on carbon pollution. Proof Positive The Mechanics and Impacts of British Columbia s Carbon Tax In 2008, British Columbia announced a bold new climate policy: North America s first revenue-neutral tax on carbon pollution. How

More information

WORKSHOP ON GLOBAL FUEL ECONOMY INITIATIVE TOPIC: MOTOR VEHICLES RELATED TAXES

WORKSHOP ON GLOBAL FUEL ECONOMY INITIATIVE TOPIC: MOTOR VEHICLES RELATED TAXES WORKSHOP ON GLOBAL FUEL ECONOMY INITIATIVE TOPIC: MOTOR VEHICLES RELATED TAXES BY Mahen Bheekhee Lead Analyst Ministry of Finance and Economic Development July 2013 POLICY OBJECTIVES FOR IMPOSING TAXES

More information

Move forward fuel efficiency policy in Thailand

Move forward fuel efficiency policy in Thailand The ASEAN German Technical Cooperation Programme Cities, Environment and Transport Move forward fuel efficiency policy in Thailand Alex Körner alex_koerner@gmx.de March 28 Bangkok Content Introduction

More information

LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL PANEL ON ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS. Proposals to Tighten Emission Standards of Newly Registered Vehicles

LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL PANEL ON ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS. Proposals to Tighten Emission Standards of Newly Registered Vehicles For discussion on 27 November 2015 CB(1)180/15-16(03) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL PANEL ON ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS Proposals to Tighten Emission Standards of Newly Registered Vehicles PURPOSE This paper consults

More information

Justification for Changing the Diesel Surcharge

Justification for Changing the Diesel Surcharge APPENDIX C Justification for Changing the Diesel Surcharge 1. Introduction 1.1. Concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) in the Royal Borough exceed national health-based targets and we declared the

More information

ROADS TASK FORCE Thematic Analysis

ROADS TASK FORCE Thematic Analysis Roads Task Force - Technical Note 22 What are the implications of policies to improve the road network for local air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions? Introduction This paper forms one of a series

More information

Adelaide City Council Administration Submission to the Ministerial Forum on Vehicle Emissions April 2016

Adelaide City Council Administration Submission to the Ministerial Forum on Vehicle Emissions April 2016 Adelaide City Council Administration Submission to the Ministerial Forum on Vehicle Emissions April 2016 This submission has been prepared by Adelaide City Council Administration based on existing Council

More information

Journal Vol 37 / Issue No.2

Journal Vol 37 / Issue No.2 22 / Motor innovation FEATURE Hybrid, electric and driverless cars: innovation driving change in motor vehicle insurance Motor insurers have had to keep up with rapid developments in the car industry for

More information

company cars: a guide for drivers

company cars: a guide for drivers company cars: a guide for drivers Contents Introduction 03 The basics 04 Beyond the basics 06 Private fuel costs 07 Vehicle specification 09 Conclusion and action plan 10 Next steps: resources 11 02 Introduction

More information

Review of the Australian Automotive Manufacturing Industry

Review of the Australian Automotive Manufacturing Industry 3 December 2013 Mr Mike Woods Deputy Chairman Productivity Commission LB2 Collins Street East MELBOURNE VIC 8003 By email: automotive@pc.gov.au Dear Mr Woods, Review of the Australian motive Manufacturing

More information

Vehicle Fuel Economy and Emission Standards

Vehicle Fuel Economy and Emission Standards National Stakeholder Consultation and Capacity Building Workshop On Development of Sustainable and Inclusive Transport Policy Vehicle Fuel Economy and Emission Standards M. Absar Alam 9-10 April, 2015

More information

How vehicle fuel economy improvements can save $2 trillion and help fund a long-term transition to plug-in vehicles Working Paper 9

How vehicle fuel economy improvements can save $2 trillion and help fund a long-term transition to plug-in vehicles Working Paper 9 How vehicle fuel economy improvements can save $2 trillion and help fund a long-term transition to plug-in vehicles Working Paper 9 UNEP How vehicle fuel economy improvements can save $2 trillion and help

More information

CO 2 -based Motor Vehicle Tax

CO 2 -based Motor Vehicle Tax CO 2 -based Motor Vehicle Tax 30 September 2011 Frieder Rubik and Lauren Mityorn (Institute for Ecological Economy Research) Key words: Mobility & good practice, mobility & policy instruments, vehicle

More information

- 1 - UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE. Note by the International Maritime Organization

- 1 - UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE. Note by the International Maritime Organization - 1 - UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE Note by the International Maritime Organization Ad-Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention Fourteenth session,

More information

The role of local, decentralised energy solutions is too often overlooked in the context of current EU policy priorities to increase energy supply

The role of local, decentralised energy solutions is too often overlooked in the context of current EU policy priorities to increase energy supply The role of local, decentralised energy solutions is too often overlooked in the context of current EU policy priorities to increase energy supply security while attaining climate change goals. This presentation

More information

Summary of the Impact assessment for a 2030 climate and energy policy framework

Summary of the Impact assessment for a 2030 climate and energy policy framework Summary of the Impact assessment for a 2030 climate and energy policy framework Contents Overview a. Drivers of electricity prices b. Jobs and growth c. Trade d. Energy dependence A. Impact assessment

More information

Revision of VRT system to take greater account of CO2 emission levels

Revision of VRT system to take greater account of CO2 emission levels I note with interest from the document titled: 'Annex D - Public Consultation on options for revising the VRT system to take greater account of CO 2 emission '. That it is proposed to take vehicle CO 2

More information

What does an early ETS mean for businesses?

What does an early ETS mean for businesses? What does an early ETS mean for businesses? An early transition to an emissions trading scheme from 1 July 2014 will benefit businesses through a reduction in electricity and gas bills. Small businesses

More information

Good afternoon, and thanks to the Energy Dialogue for your kind invitation to speak today.

Good afternoon, and thanks to the Energy Dialogue for your kind invitation to speak today. Good afternoon, and thanks to the Energy Dialogue for your kind invitation to speak today. Europe is at the forefront of a global transition to a cleaner energy economy. At the same time globally energy

More information

Tax benefits for ultra low emission vehicles

Tax benefits for ultra low emission vehicles k0 Tax benefits for ultra low emission vehicles Ultra low emission vehicles (ULEVs) are vehicles that produce less than 75g of carbon dioxide (CO2) for every kilometre travelled. Both private and business

More information

Sustainable transport in Stockholm. Gustaf Landahl City of Stockholm

Sustainable transport in Stockholm. Gustaf Landahl City of Stockholm Sustainable transport in Stockholm Gustaf Landahl City of Stockholm The Capital of Scandinavia Outline Is Stockholms transport sustainable? Stockholm grows fast Carrots and sticks Conclusions Urban Mobility

More information

Western Australian Feed-In Tariff Discussion Paper

Western Australian Feed-In Tariff Discussion Paper Western Australian Feed-In Tariff Discussion Paper OVERVIEW In September 2008, the incoming State Government announced its intention to introduce a feed-in tariff as part of the Liberal Plan for Environmental

More information

Green Fleet Policy Ordinance

Green Fleet Policy Ordinance Green Fleet Policy Ordinance Section 1 Basis for ordinance 1. The total energy bill in for the City and/or County of was $ million and in projected to increase by percent to about $ million by. 2. Public

More information

Reducing CO2 emissions from cars and vans. Backgrounder

Reducing CO2 emissions from cars and vans. Backgrounder Reducing CO2 emissions from cars and vans Backgrounder May 2015 SUMMARY a. The automobile industry in Europe has invested heavily in innovations designed to bring down significantly the CO2 emissions from

More information

ICCT mission and activities

ICCT mission and activities Global Best Practices in Fuel Efficiency Policies Anup Bandivadekar CSE Workshop on Transport and Climate 24-25 July 2013, New Delhi ICCT mission and activities The mission of ICCT is to dramatically improve

More information

The Introduction of Euro 5 and Euro 6 Emissions Regulations for Light Passenger and Commercial Vehicles

The Introduction of Euro 5 and Euro 6 Emissions Regulations for Light Passenger and Commercial Vehicles The Introduction of Euro 5 and Euro 6 Emissions Regulations for Light Passenger and Commercial Vehicles Introduction As a member of the European Union, Ireland is obliged to introduce Regulation (EC) No.

More information

DESIGNING AN EMISSIONS STANDARD FOR AUSTRALIA

DESIGNING AN EMISSIONS STANDARD FOR AUSTRALIA 55 DESIGNING AN EMISSIONS STANDARD FOR AUSTRALIA 5 The Authority proposes a standard that would apply from 2018 and be designed with a simple set of features to promote environmental effectiveness, policy

More information

LIGHT VEHICLE EMISSIONS STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA RESEARCH REPORT JUNE 2014

LIGHT VEHICLE EMISSIONS STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA RESEARCH REPORT JUNE 2014 LIGHT VEHICLE EMISSIONS STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA RESEARCH REPORT JUNE 2014 LIGHT VEHICLE EMISSIONS STANDARDS FOR AUSTRALIA RESEARCH REPORT JUNE 2014 Published by the Climate Change Authority www.climatechangeauthority.gov.au

More information

Background paper: Climate Action Programme 2020

Background paper: Climate Action Programme 2020 As at: 4 December 2014 Background paper: Climate Action Programme 2020 On 3 December 2014 the German cabinet adopted the Climate Action Programme 2020. This programme contains measures to be implemented

More information

Global Overview on Vehicle Fuel Economy and Emission Standards

Global Overview on Vehicle Fuel Economy and Emission Standards Global Overview on Vehicle Fuel Economy and Emission Standards Feng An, PhD, Executive Director The Innovation oato Center for Energy egyand Transportation tato (icet) C presented by Lucia Green Weiskel

More information

1 What is the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, and how does it work? 2 Why is the EU proposing to include aviation into the EU ETS?

1 What is the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, and how does it work? 2 Why is the EU proposing to include aviation into the EU ETS? Q&A: Aviation and the EU Emissions Trading Scheme 1 What is the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, and how does it work? Under the UN Kyoto Protocol, industrialised nations are required to reduce the amount

More information

Key Solutions CO2 Assessment

Key Solutions CO2 Assessment GE Capital Key Solutions CO2 Assessment CO2 emissions from company cars across Europe s major markets between 2008 and 2012 GE imagination at work Contents Introduction and key findings 4 European overview

More information

Climate change: Everyone s business

Climate change: Everyone s business Climate change: Everyone s business A summary report from the CBI Climate Change Task Force November 2007 Copyright CBI 2007 The content may not be copied, distributed, reported or dealt with in whole

More information

UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI ENTREPRISES AND SERVICES LTD

UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI ENTREPRISES AND SERVICES LTD INTRODUCTION: GFEI KENYAN PILOT PROJECT In July 2013, University of Nairobi Enterprises and Services (UNES) consultancy was commissioned by ERC to conduct the GFEI study in Kenya for the 2010-2012 period.

More information

Saving energy, growing jobs

Saving energy, growing jobs Saving energy, growing jobs Victoria s energy efficiency and productivity statement June 2015 Contents Minister s foreword 1 Why energy efficiency matters for Victorians 2 Our plan for energy efficiency

More information

Energy Taxation in Europe, Japan and The United States

Energy Taxation in Europe, Japan and The United States Energy Taxation in Europe, Japan and The United States ENERGY TAXATION IN EUROPE, JAPAN AND THE UNITED STATES Summary of the energy taxation survey of electricity, fuels, district heat and transport in

More information

Reducing America s Dependence on Foreign Oil Supplies. Martin Feldstein *

Reducing America s Dependence on Foreign Oil Supplies. Martin Feldstein * Reducing America s Dependence on Foreign Oil Supplies Martin Feldstein * The United States now imports nearly 60 percent of the oil that we consume. This dependence on foreign supplies makes us vulnerable

More information

The Global Commission on the Economy and Climate. Major Economies Forum, Paris

The Global Commission on the Economy and Climate. Major Economies Forum, Paris The Global Commission on the Economy and Climate Major Economies Forum, Paris Jeremy Oppenheim, Programme Director 11 th July 2014 Purpose of the Global Commission Reframe the debate about economic growth

More information

New Fuel Economy and Environment Labels for a New Generation of Vehicles

New Fuel Economy and Environment Labels for a New Generation of Vehicles New Fuel Economy and Environment Labels for a New Generation of Vehicles Why New Label Designs? The U.S. Department of Transportation joined with EPA today in unveiling new fuel economy and environment

More information

NO 2 emission from the fleet of vehicles in major Norwegian cities Challenges and possibilities towards 2025

NO 2 emission from the fleet of vehicles in major Norwegian cities Challenges and possibilities towards 2025 Summary: NO 2 emission from the fleet of vehicles in major Norwegian cities Challenges and possibilities towards 2025 TØI Report 1168/2011 Author(s): Rolf Hagman, Karl Idar Gjerstad and Astrid H. Amundsen

More information

Capital allowances for business cars

Capital allowances for business cars Capital allowances for business cars Who is likely to be affected? Any business that buys or leases cars. General description of the measure The 100 per cent first-year allowance (FYA) for expenditure

More information

G20 ENERGY EFFICIENCY ACTION PLAN VOLUNTARY COLLABORATION ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY

G20 ENERGY EFFICIENCY ACTION PLAN VOLUNTARY COLLABORATION ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY G20 ENERGY EFFICIENCY ACTION PLAN VOLUNTARY COLLABORATION ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY 16 NOVEMBER 2014 G20 Energy Efficiency Action Plan 2 1. Executive summary 1.1 Energy efficiency is a priority for G20 members.

More information

Regulation of Fluorinated Gases in Automotive Air Conditioning Systems in the European Union

Regulation of Fluorinated Gases in Automotive Air Conditioning Systems in the European Union From MAC Summit in Brussels to SAE Symposium in Phoenix: Regulation of Fluorinated Gases in Automotive Air Conditioning Systems in the European Union Matti Vainio European Commission Environment Directorate-General

More information

COMPARISON OF PASSENGER VEHICLE FUEL ECONOMY AND GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION STANDARDS AROUND THE WORLD

COMPARISON OF PASSENGER VEHICLE FUEL ECONOMY AND GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION STANDARDS AROUND THE WORLD COMPARISON OF PASSENGER VEHICLE FUEL ECONOMY AND GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION STANDARDS AROUND THE WORLD Prepared for the Feng An ENERGY AND TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGIES LLC Amanda Sauer WORLD RESOURCES INSTITUTE

More information

The Passenger Car (Fuel Consumption and CO 2 Emissions Information) Regulations

The Passenger Car (Fuel Consumption and CO 2 Emissions Information) Regulations The Passenger Car (Fuel Consumption and CO 2 Emissions Information) Regulations Vehicle Certification Agency 1, The Eastgate Centre Eastgate Road Bristol BS5 6XX Telephone: 0117 952 4169 E-mail: enquiries@vca.gov.uk

More information

REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL POLICIES FOR VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY

REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL POLICIES FOR VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY AGENCE INTERNATIONALE DE L ENERGIE REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL POLICIES FOR VEHICLE FUEL EFFICIENCY IEA INFORMATION PAPER In Support of the G8 Plan of Action TAKAO ONODA INTERNATIONAL

More information

Fleet CO2 and Efficient Mobility

Fleet CO2 and Efficient Mobility Fleet CO2 and Efficient Mobility CONTENTS An evolving policy landscape Vehicle selection, technology and alternative fuels Driver behaviour and eco-driving training Efficient maintenance arval.co.uk An

More information

London s Ultra Low Emission Zone. Elliot Treharne Air Quality Manager May 2014

London s Ultra Low Emission Zone. Elliot Treharne Air Quality Manager May 2014 London s Ultra Low Emission Zone Elliot Treharne Air Quality Manager May 2014 Contents History of air pollution in London The challenge: 2010 and 2020 What the Mayor is doing to tackle emissions Ultra

More information

Key Automotive Statistics 2012

Key Automotive Statistics 2012 Key Automotive Statistics 2012 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS In 2013, the Commonwealth Department of Industry undertook a survey of Australian motor vehicle producers. This survey is conducted annually, and is used

More information

Fuel consumption by new passenger vehicles in Australia

Fuel consumption by new passenger vehicles in Australia I n f o r m a t i o n s h e e t 3 Fuel consumption by new passenger vehicles in Australia 1979 BITRE has examined trends in the fuel consumption of new passenger vehicles sold in Australia. Up to 21, technological

More information

Page 1 of 11. F u t u r e M e l b o u r n e C o m m i t t e e Agenda Item 7.1. Notice of Motion: Cr Wood, Renewable Energy Target 9 September 2014

Page 1 of 11. F u t u r e M e l b o u r n e C o m m i t t e e Agenda Item 7.1. Notice of Motion: Cr Wood, Renewable Energy Target 9 September 2014 Page 1 of 11 F u t u r e M e l b o u r n e C o m m i t t e e Agenda Item 7.1 Notice of Motion: Cr Wood, Renewable Energy Target 9 September 2014 Motion 1. That Council resolves that the Chair of the Environment

More information

Progressive Performance Audi on the way to the leading premium brand

Progressive Performance Audi on the way to the leading premium brand Progressive Performance Audi on the way to the leading premium brand Axel Strotbek, Member of the Board of Management for Finance and Organization, AUDI AG Deutsche Bank Field Trip, June 3,2013 World car

More information

4. Thinking on Uses for Tax Revenues How should revenues from Climate Change Tax be used?

4. Thinking on Uses for Tax Revenues How should revenues from Climate Change Tax be used? 4. Thinking on Uses for Tax Revenues How should revenues from Climate Change Tax be used? In addition to maintaining existing measures, and strengthening them as much as possible, if Climate Change Tax

More information

Key Solutions Thought Leadership

Key Solutions Thought Leadership GE Capital Fleet Policy A step-by-step guide to writing your fleet policy Key Solutions Thought Leadership GE Capital A step by step guide to writing a fleet policy Any organisation that runs a company

More information

Company Income Tax and Other Taxes

Company Income Tax and Other Taxes Company Income Tax and Other Taxes Company Taxation Arrangements The company tax rate (also known as the corporate) is 30%. The treatment of business expenditure for the mining and petroleum industries

More information

Regulatory Announcement

Regulatory Announcement EPA and NHTSA Set Standards to Reduce Greenhouse Gases and Improve Fuel Economy for Model Years 2017-2025 Cars and Light Trucks The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Transportation

More information