INTERACTIONS BETWEEN ACCIDENT RATE AND TRAFFIC VOLUME

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "INTERACTIONS BETWEEN ACCIDENT RATE AND TRAFFIC VOLUME"

Transcription

1 INTERACTIONS BETWEEN ACCIDENT RATE AND TRAFFIC VOLUME Algis Pakalnis, Deputy Director, Mindaugas Dimaitis, Head of Road Division, Andrius Gužys, Road Division Group Leader, Transport and Road Research Institute, Lithuania Introduction Transport is the main part of modern national economy. However, there always exist contradictions between the society, which needs large mobility, and public opinion when continuous delays, poor quality of transport services and road accidents become more and more unacceptable. Transport needs are continuously increasing due to two factors public mobility and the growth of cargo transportation. In the field of passenger transport this determines a large demand of cars. In the last 30 years the number of cars in Western Europe has increased three times. And though in many EU Member States the number of cars became stable, in the candidate countries, including Lithuania, no stabilization takes place. If in the year 1992 there were 234,4 cars per 1000 Lithuanian inhabitants, in 2002 the number increased to 397,3. The increasing demand of cargo transportation is mainly determined by the changes in European economy and production system. In last 20 years the economy of warehouses has been transformed into the economy of consumption. Having eliminated the borders within European Community the production system called just in time or renewed reserves was created, which requires high volume of transportation. It is predicted, that until 2010 the traffic of heavy vehicles will increase by nearly 5, compared to For Lithuanian integration into a common economic space of EU, these changes are also inevitable. Due to the fact that important European transport corridors cross Lithuania, the growth of heavy transport is generated by the increasing economy and transit amounts. Therefore, the growth of heavy transport exceeds the total transport growth; the annual increase in heavy transport in 2002 amounted to 17%. Dynamics of traffic volume on Lithuanian roads With Lithuanian integration into West European economic space the national transport system has been rapidly changing. Dynamic changes in the number of vehicles and transportation needs cause the growth of traffic volume (Fig. 1). In last eight years the increase in the number of vehicles was 8,6 % per annum, in traffic volume - 5,6% per annum. 1

2 Number of vehicles Traffic volume Fig. 1. Change in the number of vehicles and traffic volume, In the period traffic volume on main and national Lithuanian roads had increased by 45%. The change in uniform traffic flows was significantly affected by the economic changes: with the developing level of economy traffic volume on our roads had also been increasing. However, the growth of traffic volume on different road sections was not the same, depending on the increasing number of cars, concentration of industrial and trade enterprises in the largest cities and change in international transit of heavy vehicles on the corridors of European road network. Fig. 2. Traffic volume on main and national Lithuanian roads in The comparison of light and heavy transport flows on main and national roads showed that the share of light transport made 88,8% of the total flow, whereas the share of heavy vehicles 11,2%. On Lithuanian roads part of European road network a similar distribution still remained: light transport made 86,9% of the total flow, the heavy transport - 13,1%. 2

3 Seasonal variations are characteristic to Lithuanian road network (Fig. 3). Seasonal irregularity depends on the size of residential areas and attraction centres, connected by the road. It was noticed, that the largest traffic volume is in August, the lowest in January. Such traffic distribution in summer time is caused by a holiday period, in wintertime bad meteorological conditions Months Seasonal coefficient <1,5 1,5-2,0 >2,0 Fig. 3. Standard average curves of annual change in traffic volume, When analysing the change in traffic volume on main and national Lithuanian roads by weekdays, it was determined that, in general, the most trafficked day is Friday (Fig. 4). However, there are road sections where due to the industrial-commercial activities the highest traffic volume is observed on another day of the week. For example, the roads around Marijampolė city, where the highest traffic volume is on Tuesday (Wednesday is a market-day of cars) Weekday Fig. 4. Weekly traffic distribution on main and national roads. 3

4 Active time of the day has a significant influence on traffic volume. Difference between the highest and the lowest hourly traffic volume is 9,6 times. When studying the change in traffic volume on main and national roads by hours it was observed, that the most intensive hour is 5 p.m. 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 0,800 0,600 0,400 0,200 0, Fig. 5. Hourly traffic distribution. Accident rate on Lithuanian roads The growing number of vehicles and traffic volume, besides a low culture of road users, enhances the risk of accidents. In 2002 there were 6141 injury accidents and fatalities in Lithuania, 697 people were killed and 7491 injured. On main and national roads (urban road sections were not included) 1607 injury accidents and fatalities took place, 377 people were killed, 2116 were injured Total number of accidents The number of accidents on main and national roads Fig. 6. Change in the number of injury accidents and fatalities in Analysis of change in the number of accidents shows, that the reducing number of injury accidents and fatalities since 1998 has started to increase again (Fig. 6). A similar situation 4

5 could be noticed on main and national roads (accident number does not include urban road sections). The above data shows that only one/fourth of the total number of injuries and fatalities takes place on the main and national roads. This significant distribution requires paying more attention to accident situation in cities and settlements and to traffic safety measures Killed Injured < 4 years 5-14 years years years years years years >64 years Fig. 7. Distribution of injured or killed people by different age group The increasing number of accidents in the last years (2001 and 2002) causes great anxiety. Statistics show: nearly half of road accidents involve pedestrians and bicyclists; one fifth - is caused by young drivers (when the driving experience is less than 1 year); one third is caused by pedestrians and bicyclists. The groups of young (15 24 years) and able-bodied (25 44 years) people are those who suffer in road accidents most of all. Having this statistical data and knowing that the country s economy lies on the shoulders of the youngest and most able-bodied inhabitants, it is an urgent task to search for effective methods and measures in reducing the number of accidents. Interaction between accident rate and traffic volume Accident rate is one of the main indicators reflecting the processes of transport system as well as their positive and negative development. When studying transport system all its elements are divided into 4 groups: road, vehicle, driver and road environment. Road environment is sometimes linked with the road. Meteorological conditions are described as features of road and road environment. Accident rate is a complex characteristic of road-vehicle-driver-road environment system, since the accident is caused or could be caused by all these factors, describing the system s operation. The summary study results show that on a macro-scale there is a direct relation between accident rate and traffic volume. The higher is traffic volume the larger ratio between the number of accidents and the length of road section (Fig. 8). This relationship is constant and approved by many countries. Though on the micro-scale, when examining specific high-accident locations, this relation is not so direct and monolithic. 5

6 35% 3 25% 2 15% 1 5% Traffic volume Accident number Accident density Veh./day Fig. 8. Relationship of traffic volume and accident rate on a macro-scale The entire features characteristic to road-vehicle-driver-road environment system could be divided into constant and variable. Constant features are: road geometry, road infrastructure, pavement condition and road environment. Variable features are as follows: traffic volume, vehicle technical condition, driver s state, and meteorological conditions. The fact is the feature constant or variable makes a great influence on the processes of transport system. Detailed analysis of high-accident locations shows that accident nature is closely related to road infrastructure (Fig. 9). Road infrastructure and road environment are attributed to constant features. Namely the combination of constant and variable features determines different nature and different density of accidents on the road. 6

7 according to road infrastructure High-accident location in residential area High-accident location in thinly populated area High-accident location on urban street (90km/h) High-accident location on main or nation. road, crossing the settlement (v leist <90km/h) High-accident location on the approaches to cities and settlements (v leist 90km/h) between various groups of road users between different groups of road users between the same group of road users between vehicle and pedestrian (bicyclist) between vehicles between vehicle and road environment elements Pedestrian s (bicyclist s) fault Driver s fault Caused by road or its environment Caused by meteorological conditions Fig. 9. Relation between accident and elements of transport system. Rather often in accident studies the effect of certain factor on road accidents is decided based on statistical data. For example, if with the growing traffic the number of pedestrian-involved accidents increases, it can be stated, that traffic volume is the accident-influencing factor. Though, in reality, the cause of accident is related to pedestrians, getting into the carriageway, while traffic volume is a factor that influences accident risk, i.e. the more vehicles travel on this road section the higher is probability for the pedestrian to be run over by a car. Thus, traffic volume as well as the other factors can possibly be the cause of accident and the factor influencing accident risk. This differentiation of functions is important in studying the specific high-accident location as well as processing general accident data and interpreting the results. In accident studies traffic volume is assessed as the accident-influencing factor. As mentioned earlier, it belongs to the group of variable features; therefore, it cannot be treated as constant and is 7

8 the function of time and place. Moreover, traffic volume, if compared to other factors, has a different effect on accidents. In this aspect accidents could be divided into two groups: accidents where traffic volume was the main factor; accidents where traffic volume had no effect or was not the main factor. The first case is characteristic to intensive city streets. On rural roads it is rather rare. It could be caused by traffic increase during mass events, transport flow on temporary by-passes, etc. In this case vehicle density reaches the limit when the moving freedom of individual driver becomes very restricted or not possible at all. The driver has no possibilities to choose an acceptable driving regime and to keep safe distance; the required attention and concentration is too large. In such situations accidents are treated as the consequence of a very large traffic volume. The second case is more often met in practise, where traffic volume is part of the entire complex of factors. In such case the relation between accidents and traffic volume is rather difficult to determine and additional information has to be used, for example, vehicle speed (Fig. 10). Vehicle speed also reflects the effect of entire complex of factors: traffic volume; speed restriction signs; road geometry and road environment; speed of the other road users; driving culture and habits; vehicle technical possibilities; financial resources. 4 35% 3 25% Cars Articulated heavy vehicles 2 15% 1 5% > 140 km/h Fig. 10. The speed of different-type vehicles on road A17 14,40km. 8

9 Driving speed reflects direct and indirect effect of traffic volume and other factors on driver s thinking and psychology. The study of driving speeds covers the effect of three main factors (i.e. road, road environment and traffic volume) on the driver. This is the important information for accident investigation, since the integration of speed, road infrastructure and traffic volume data provides a possibility to determine speed variations and, correspondingly, the potentially dangerous road sections. For example, lets take the articulated heavy vehicle (Fig. 10), moving at a given speed and the tractor, entering the main road from the exit. In this case traffic volume determines the probability of such situation in a certain time interval, also distance between vehicles and the probability for one of the drivers to avoid collision. As mentioned above, traffic volume is a variable feature of this system. It may vary with respect to time and place. Variation of traffic volume in time is an important aspect, which is often not taken into consideration in accident studies. When studying accident distribution in time and determining the law of traffic volume variation in time, it is very important to specify time interval. The law of traffic volume variation is closely related to time interval and time step in this interval (Fig ) Traffic volume 4 2 January February March April May June July August September October November December Fig. 11. Yearly variation of accidents and traffic volume 9

10 Traffic volume 4 2 Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thirsday Friday Saturday Sunday Fig. 12. Weekly variation of accidents and traffic volume Traffic volume Fig. 13. Daily variation of accidents and traffic volume The law of traffic volume distribution in time indicates a factual transport flow in a study period. When analyzing a different variation of traffic volume and accidents in time interval it is possible to identify the other accident causes, depending on length of time interval and time step. Thus, traffic volume and the law of its variation allows us to discuss the effect of the other factors influencing accident rate. When studying accidents in one-year interval (Fig. 11) a different nature of traffic volume and accident distribution laws reflects the increased effect of meteorological factors pavement slippery, visibility and the higher importance for the whole complex of accident factors. 10

11 Such difficult to describe and to measure factors as the drivers psychological condition could be observed and studied not directly but with the help of variation laws of other factors more easy to determine. The law of traffic volume variation in a week s time interval (Fig. 12) makes it possible to better recognize psychological condition of the driver as well as his attention concentration, depending on a day regime and the chosen route. A differing effect of psychological factors (concentration, tiredness) and also meteorological conditions (visibility) on accidents is obvious when studying the law of traffic volume variation in one-day time interval (Fig. 13). This different nature of the laws of traffic volume and accident rate often remains outside the studies of accident rate. The main task in the analysis of accidents is to determine accident-influencing factors and to prove their effect. Namely the process of proving a certain factor can reveal the real accident causes, however such proof is not always possible. This can lack statistical data as well as relations between the studied accidents and specific factor. A complex investigation of accident factors gives a possibility not only to determine the validity of earlier predicted factors, but also to define more precisely the effect of other factors or to take notice of new factors, the direct influence of which on the accidents is technically or statistically not possible to record. Traffic volume is one of the factors, which has a direct influence on the accidents, changes accident probability, and in the correlation with other factors makes the effect on accident nature and allows to determine additional factors not directly recorded. 11

STATISTICS OF FATAL AND INJURY ROAD ACCIDENTS IN LITHUANIA,

STATISTICS OF FATAL AND INJURY ROAD ACCIDENTS IN LITHUANIA, Vilnius 215 STATISTICS OF FATAL AND INJURY ROAD ACCIDENTS IN LITHUANIA, 211 214 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 9 GENERAL INFORMATION... 1 1. VEHICLE FLEET... 11 1.1. Number of vehicles, 1995 214...

More information

Motorcyclists killed and injured (1980 2012)

Motorcyclists killed and injured (1980 2012) Motorcyclists CRASH FACTSHEET November 2013 CRASH STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 2012 Prepared by the Ministry of Transport In 2012, 50 motorcyclists 1 died and a further 1,138 were injured

More information

the Ministry of Transport is attributed as the source of the material

the Ministry of Transport is attributed as the source of the material Disclaimer All reasonable endeavours are made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this report. However, the information is provided without warranties of any kind including accuracy, completeness,

More information

Traffic Accidents Trends and Characteristics in Jordan

Traffic Accidents Trends and Characteristics in Jordan International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering IJCEE-IJENS Vol:13 No:5 9 Traffic Accidents Trends and Characteristics in Jordan Bashar AL-Omari 1, Khalid Ghuzlan 2*, Hala Hasan 3 1 Associate

More information

Accident configurations and injuries for bicyclists based on the German In-Depth Accident Study. Chiara Orsi

Accident configurations and injuries for bicyclists based on the German In-Depth Accident Study. Chiara Orsi Accident configurations and injuries for bicyclists based on the German In-Depth Accident Study Chiara Orsi Centre of Study and Research on Road Safety University of Pavia State of the art Vulnerable road

More information

Road Safety Authority Provisional Review of Road Crashes 2013

Road Safety Authority Provisional Review of Road Crashes 2013 A review of 2013 fatal collision statistics December 31 st 2013 The following report summarises the main trends that have emerged in 2013. This has been prepared by the Road Safety Authority following

More information

Academic Calendar for Faculty

Academic Calendar for Faculty Summer 2013 Term June 3, 2013 (Monday) June 3-4, 2013 (Monday Tuesday) June 5, 2013 (Wednesday) June 5-6, 2013 (Wednesday Thursday) June 6, 2013 (Thursday) July 3, 2013 (Wednesday) July 4, 2013 (Thursday)

More information

The characteristics of fatal road accidents during the end of year festive period

The characteristics of fatal road accidents during the end of year festive period The characteristics of fatal road accidents during the end of year festive period 1994-2003 March 2004 Traffic Management and Road Safety Unit Ministry of Public Infrastructure, Land Transport and Shipping

More information

FATAL ROAD ACCIDENTS OF HEAVY GOODS VEHICLES IN FINLAND

FATAL ROAD ACCIDENTS OF HEAVY GOODS VEHICLES IN FINLAND TRANSBALTICA 2011 The 7 th International Conference May 5 6, 2011, Vilnius, Lithuania Selected papers ISSN 2029-2376 print / ISSN 2029-2384 online ISBN 978-9955-28-840-4 http://transbaltica.vgtu.ltt Vilnius

More information

Deaths/injuries in motor vehicle crashes per million hours spent travelling, July 2008 June 2012 (All ages) Mode of travel

Deaths/injuries in motor vehicle crashes per million hours spent travelling, July 2008 June 2012 (All ages) Mode of travel Cyclists CRASH STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 212 Prepared by the Ministry of Transport CRASH FACTSHEET November 213 Cyclists have a number of risk factors that do not affect car drivers. The

More information

the Ministry of Transport is attributed as the source of the material

the Ministry of Transport is attributed as the source of the material Disclaimer All reasonable endeavours are made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this report. However, the information is provided without warranties of any kind including accuracy, completeness,

More information

PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE ACCIDENT DATA. Irene Isaksson-Hellman If Insurance Company P&C Ltd.

PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE ACCIDENT DATA. Irene Isaksson-Hellman If Insurance Company P&C Ltd. PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE ACCIDENT DATA Irene Isaksson-Hellman If Insurance Company P&C Ltd. Vulnerable road users 2 Number Number Official accident statistics 45 35 4 3 35 25 3 25 2 2 15 15 1 1 5 5 5 4 5

More information

ROMANIA ARGES COUNTY COUNCIL

ROMANIA ARGES COUNTY COUNCIL ROMANIA ARGES COUNTY COUNCIL ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION A CAUSE OF ROAD ACCIDENTS AER Committee 2 Alcohol Working Group - 24th October 2007, Terceira, Portugal e. Total number of roads 319, with an overall length

More information

Analysis of Accidents by Older Drivers in Japan

Analysis of Accidents by Older Drivers in Japan Analysis of Accidents by Older Drivers in Japan Kazumoto Morita 1, Michiaki Sekine 1 1 National Traffic Safety and Environment Laboratory, Japan Abstract Since Japan is a rapidly aging society, ensuring

More information

Differences between CTP Insurance Statistics and Crash Statistics

Differences between CTP Insurance Statistics and Crash Statistics Differences between CTP Insurance Statistics and Crash Statistics Ross McColl 1 (Presenter) 1 representing the Motor Accident Commission Biography Mr McColl has worked in the road safety field for over

More information

Alcohol. Alcohol SECTION 10. Contents:

Alcohol. Alcohol SECTION 10. Contents: Contents: Alcohol Alcohol SECTION 1 Figure 1.1 Number of Collisions and Victims Involving Alcohol by Year 69 1.2 Per cent of Collisions and Victims Involving Alcohol by Year 7 1.3 Alcohol-Involved Collisions

More information

Accidents with Pedestrians and Cyclists in Germany Findings and Measures

Accidents with Pedestrians and Cyclists in Germany Findings and Measures Accidents with Pedestrians and Cyclists in Germany Findings and Measures Siegfried Brockmann Unfallforschung der Versicherer (UDV) May 7th, Geneva 2 Content 2 Accident situation in Germany based on National

More information

ITARDA INFORMATION. No.106. Special feature

ITARDA INFORMATION. No.106. Special feature ITARDA INFORMATION Special Special Motor vehicle accidents with child passengers ~ Is your child well-protected from danger? ~ Introduction Child casualties in traffic accidents by means of transport for

More information

HIGHWAY DESIGN REPORT. Appendix 4. Proposed Design Principles for City Passings

HIGHWAY DESIGN REPORT. Appendix 4. Proposed Design Principles for City Passings HIGHWAY DESIGN REPORT Appendix 4 Proposed Design Principles for City Passings June 2000 Contents Page 1 Introduction 2 1.1 Purpose 2 1.2 Definition of city passing 2 1.3 Safety Problems 2 1.4 Planning

More information

ROAD SAFETY GUIDELINES FOR TAH ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE SAFETY MANAGEMENT

ROAD SAFETY GUIDELINES FOR TAH ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE SAFETY MANAGEMENT I. GENERAL ROAD SAFETY GUIDELINES FOR TAH ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE SAFETY MANAGEMENT ANNEX III B i. The setting up and implementing of appropriate management procedures is an essential tool for improving the

More information

Speeding. Probability of death at different impact speeds

Speeding. Probability of death at different impact speeds Speeding CRASH FACTSHEET 2012 CRASH STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 2011 Prepared by the Ministry of Transport In this fact sheet speeding is defined as driving too fast for the conditions. The

More information

What roundabout design provides the highest possible safety?

What roundabout design provides the highest possible safety? What roundabout design provides the highest possible safety? In Sweden, as in several other countries, the number of roundabouts is on the increase. According to a study recently carried out by the VTI,

More information

ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT STATISTICS FOR 2005,

ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT STATISTICS FOR 2005, ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT STATISTICS FOR 25, JUNE 27 OVERVIEW All the statistics contained in this document relate to traffic accidents occurring on public roads in the City of Johannesburg during 25. Accident

More information

Reported road accidents involving young car drivers: Great Britain 2011

Reported road accidents involving young car drivers: Great Britain 2011 Reported road accidents involving young car drivers: Great Britain 211 Road Accident Statistics Factsheet No. 1 August 212 Introduction This factsheet presents summary information relating to the casualties

More information

East Ayrshire Council Road Safety Plan

East Ayrshire Council Road Safety Plan East Ayrshire Council Road Safety Plan Foreword Road crashes are not inevitable - the deaths and injuries which occur each year need not happen. However, in order to reduce these incidents a major effort

More information

Memorial Day Holiday Period Traffic Fatality Estimate, 2015

Memorial Day Holiday Period Traffic Fatality Estimate, 2015 Memorial Day Holiday Period Traffic Fatality Estimate, 2015 Prepared by Research & Statistics Department National Safety Council May 8, 2015 Holiday period definition Memorial Day is May 30 but it is observed

More information

STOP ROAD CARNAGE NOW!

STOP ROAD CARNAGE NOW! THE INSTITUTION OF ENGINEERS OF IRELAND STOP ROAD CARNAGE NOW! SUBMISSION TO MR SEAMUS BRENNAN TD MINISTER FOR TRANSPORT December 2002 STOP ROAD CARNAGE NOW IEI SUBMISSION ON ROAD SAFETY PG. 01 1. STOP

More information

ITARDAInstitute for Traffic Accident

ITARDAInstitute for Traffic Accident ITARDAInstitute for Traffic Accident Research and Data Analysis ( 財 ) 交 通 事 故 総 合 分 析 センター ITARDA INFORMATION No. 2011 88APRIL Fatality rate (%) 0 2 4 6 Head-on 0.70% Rear-end 4.7% Rear-end 0.70% Crossing

More information

STAFFORDSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL ROAD CASUALTY REVIEW

STAFFORDSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL ROAD CASUALTY REVIEW 223/9/213 STAFFORDSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL ROAD CASUALTY REVIEW 212 STAFFORDSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL ROAD CASUALTY REVIEW 212 Contents 1. Accident and Casualty Statistics 2. Introduction 3. Long Term Progress/Casualty

More information

Characteristics of the Danish Drink Driver

Characteristics of the Danish Drink Driver T27 Seattle, Washington Characteristics of the Danish Drink Driver Inger Marie Bernhoft*, Tove Hels, and Tanja Legind Rendsvig, Danish Transport Research Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark

More information

Community Motor Vehicle Collision Priority Setting Toolkit Part One

Community Motor Vehicle Collision Priority Setting Toolkit Part One Community Motor Vehicle Collision Priority Setting Toolkit Part One Table of Contents Introduction! 3 How to use this resource! 3 The Issue of Injury! 4 General information! 4 Motor Vehicle Collisions!

More information

HEAVY VEHICLE ACCIDENT FACTORS

HEAVY VEHICLE ACCIDENT FACTORS HEAVY VEHICLE ACCIDENT FACTORS Michel Gothié Laboratoire Régional de Lyon, CETE de Lyon, 25, Av. F.Mitterrand case n 1 69674 BRON cedex France michel.gothie@equipement.gouv.fr Abstract A general study

More information

Characteristics of High Injury Severity Crashes on 80 110 km/h Rural Roads in South Australia

Characteristics of High Injury Severity Crashes on 80 110 km/h Rural Roads in South Australia Characteristics of High Injury Crashes on 80 110 km/h Rural Roads in South Australia, J. R. R. Centre for Automotive Safety Research, University of Adelaide, SOUTH AUSTRALIA, 5005 email: jamie@casr.adelaide.edu.au

More information

the Ministry of Transport is attributed as the source of the material

the Ministry of Transport is attributed as the source of the material Disclaimer All reasonable endeavours are made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this report. However, the information is provided without warranties of any kind including accuracy, completeness,

More information

Nearly 38,000 vehicles cross the Shinnecock Canal on Sunrise Highway (NYS Route 27) daily, during peak summer months.

Nearly 38,000 vehicles cross the Shinnecock Canal on Sunrise Highway (NYS Route 27) daily, during peak summer months. 2. Traffic Characteristics Traffic volumes have increased in concert with population growth in the Towns of Southampton and East Hampton. The New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) maintains

More information

FATALITY FACTS 2004: LARGE TRUCKS

FATALITY FACTS 2004: LARGE TRUCKS FATALITY FACTS 2004: LARGE TRUCKS Sections: OVERVIEW WHERE AND WHEN LARGE TRUCK CRASHES OCCURRED COMPARISON OF LARGE TRUCK AND PASSENGER VEHICLE CRASHES Based on their numbers on the road and on the amount

More information

THE INFLUENCE OF POLICY ON CRASH RATE OF LONG COMBINATION VEHICLES

THE INFLUENCE OF POLICY ON CRASH RATE OF LONG COMBINATION VEHICLES THE INFLUENCE OF POLICY ON CRASH RATE OF LONG COMBINATION VEHICLES John Woodrooffe 1, Darryl Anderson 2 and Lloyd Ash 3 1 University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute. 2 Alberta Transportation.

More information

Children and road safety: a guide for parents

Children and road safety: a guide for parents Child Safety Week Report Children and road safety: a guide for parents What are the facts? The number of children aged up to 19 years who are killed or seriously injured each year on Britain's roads has

More information

Motor Vehicle Collisions in Eastern Ontario. Supplement to the Eastern Ontario Health Unit Injury Report

Motor Vehicle Collisions in Eastern Ontario. Supplement to the Eastern Ontario Health Unit Injury Report Motor Vehicle Collisions in Eastern Ontario Supplement to the Eastern Ontario Health Unit Injury Report September 8, 2009 For more information: Eastern Ontario Health Unit www.eohu.ca Bureau de santé de

More information

A NATIONAL REVIEW OF RCMP MOTOR

A NATIONAL REVIEW OF RCMP MOTOR 2007 DR. IRWIN M. COHEN & DR. DARRYL PLECAS A NATIONAL REVIEW OF RCMP MOTOR VEHICLE CRASHES: 2004 2005 School of Criminology and Criminal Justice University College of the Fraser Valley A Review of RCMP

More information

For further information contact: Alberta Transportation Office of Traffic Safety Main Floor, Twin Atria Building 4999 98 Avenue Edmonton, Alberta T6B

For further information contact: Alberta Transportation Office of Traffic Safety Main Floor, Twin Atria Building 4999 98 Avenue Edmonton, Alberta T6B Alberta Traffic Collision Statistics 2012 Alberta Traffic Collision Statistics 2012 For further information contact: Alberta Transportation Office of Traffic Safety Main Floor, Twin Atria Building 4999

More information

Road safety a work-environment issue

Road safety a work-environment issue Road safety a work-environment issue Roads and streets form part of the workplace of many employees. Besides professional drivers, these include home-help and home-nursing personnel, security staff and

More information

Stone Way N Rechannelization: Before and After Study. N 34th Street to N 50th Street

Stone Way N Rechannelization: Before and After Study. N 34th Street to N 50th Street City of Seattle Department of Transportation Stone Way N Rechannelization: Before and After Study N 34th Street to N 50th Street May, 2010 INTRODUCTION Population density in Seattle is increasing within

More information

1. The consultation seeks views on the vision, targets and measures for improving road safety in Great Britain for the period beyond 2010.

1. The consultation seeks views on the vision, targets and measures for improving road safety in Great Britain for the period beyond 2010. Executive Summary 1. The consultation seeks views on the vision, targets and measures for improving road safety in Great Britain for the period beyond 2010. 2. We have made good progress in reducing road

More information

A Bicycle Accident Study Using GIS Mapping and Analysis

A Bicycle Accident Study Using GIS Mapping and Analysis A Bicycle Accident Study Using GIS Mapping and Analysis Petra Staats, Graduate Assistant, Transportation Policy Institute, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA pstaats@eden.rutgers.edu Summary Surveys

More information

Myburgh Attorneys HAVE YOU BEEN INJURED IN A CAR ACCIDENT? DO YOU KNOW SOMEBODY WHO HAS BEEN INJURED IN A CAR ACCIDENT? WHAT ARE YOUR RIGHTS?

Myburgh Attorneys HAVE YOU BEEN INJURED IN A CAR ACCIDENT? DO YOU KNOW SOMEBODY WHO HAS BEEN INJURED IN A CAR ACCIDENT? WHAT ARE YOUR RIGHTS? Myburgh Attorneys HAVE YOU BEEN INJURED IN A CAR ACCIDENT? OR DO YOU KNOW SOMEBODY WHO HAS BEEN INJURED IN A CAR ACCIDENT? WHAT ARE YOUR RIGHTS? THE ROAD ACCIDENT FUND (RAF) The RAF was created to compensate

More information

The total number of traffic collisions in Saskatchewan is up 5% from 51,733 in 2008 to 54,229 in 2009.

The total number of traffic collisions in Saskatchewan is up 5% from 51,733 in 2008 to 54,229 in 2009. 2009 Summary The total number of traffic collisions in Saskatchewan is up 5% from 51,733 in 2008 to 54,229 in 2009. The number of fatal collisions decreased 2% over the past year from 132 in 2008 to 129

More information

Cycling Promotion and Cycling Safety: Is there a conflict? C.Woolsgrove *

Cycling Promotion and Cycling Safety: Is there a conflict? C.Woolsgrove * Proceedings, International Cycling Safety Conference 2012 7-8 November 2012, Helmond, The Netherlands Cycling Promotion and Cycling Safety: Is there a conflict? C.Woolsgrove * * European Cyclists Federation

More information

BULLETIN. Road Traffic Injuries. WA Childhood Injury Surveillance. No. 13 January 2008. Introduction Road Traffic Injuries

BULLETIN. Road Traffic Injuries. WA Childhood Injury Surveillance. No. 13 January 2008. Introduction Road Traffic Injuries WA Childhood Injury Surveillance BULLETIN Road Traffic Injuries No. 13 January 2008 Childhood Injury Presentations: October to December 2007 There were 13,607 presentations to Princess Margaret Hospital

More information

Reduction in Drink Driving in Victoria

Reduction in Drink Driving in Victoria Reduction in Drink Driving in Victoria Anne Randall General Manager, Accident Prevention, Transport Accident Commission, 222 Exhibition Street, Melbourne VIC 3000, Australia ASTRACT The Transport Accident

More information

ATSB RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS REPORT ROAD SAFETY. Characteristics of Fatal Road Crashes During National Holiday Periods

ATSB RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS REPORT ROAD SAFETY. Characteristics of Fatal Road Crashes During National Holiday Periods ATSB RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS REPORT ROAD SAFETY Characteristics of Fatal Road Crashes During National Holiday Periods July 2006 ATSB RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS REPORT ROAD SAFETY Characteristics of Fatal Road

More information

GEICO produced DVD REAL TEEN DRIVING. 4 real teens in real driving situations in-car cameras no scripts it s all very, very real

GEICO produced DVD REAL TEEN DRIVING. 4 real teens in real driving situations in-car cameras no scripts it s all very, very real GEICO is: proud to be the nation s fastest growing auto insurer proud to serve more than 10 million policyholders proud to help spread the message on safe driving to new drivers and their families GEICO

More information

Child Road Safety Audit for South Gloucestershire 2009-2011

Child Road Safety Audit for South Gloucestershire 2009-2011 Child Road Safety Audit for South Gloucestershire 9 - August 9 Contents Page Foreword Executive Summary. Introduction. Review of the Action Plan. Summary of Casualty Statistics 9. Child Casualty Trends.

More information

Influence of Various Restrictions on Speed-Flow Models

Influence of Various Restrictions on Speed-Flow Models International Symposium on Fundamental Diagram - Greenshields 75 Influence of Various Restrictions on Speed-Flow Models Marian TRACZ, Stanisław GACA Krakow University of Technology, Poland mtracz@pk.edu.pl

More information

ALCOHOL AND DRUGS IN ROAD CRASHES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA

ALCOHOL AND DRUGS IN ROAD CRASHES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA Relative Risk FACT SHEET ALCOHOL AND DRUGS IN ROAD CRASHES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA August 2014 Alcohol remains the most important drug in terms of its contribution to crash involvement. Alcohol impairs skill

More information

unidentified motor vehicle, by the Association of Traffic Insurance Companies.

unidentified motor vehicle, by the Association of Traffic Insurance Companies. SWEDEN - The activities of the Road Traffic Injuries Commission (Trafikskadenämnden) in Sweden in determining compensation for personal injuries resulting from the use of motor vehicles The Road Traffic

More information

THE BELGIAN DRINK DRIVING ROADSIDE SURVEY

THE BELGIAN DRINK DRIVING ROADSIDE SURVEY THE BELGIAN DRINK DRIVING ROADSIDE SURVEY FRANÇOIS RIGUELLE* *Belgian Road Safety Institute francois.riguelle@ibsr.be Introduction Driving under the influence of alcohol is a major cause of insecurity

More information

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES PROPOSAL FOR A DIRECTIVE AMENDING COUNCIL DIRECTIVES 72/166/EEC, 84/5/EEC, 88/357/EEC, 90/232/EEC AND DIRECTIVE 2000/26/EC ON INSURANCE AGAINST CIVIL LIABILITY IN

More information

MATCHDAY 1 7-9 September 2014

MATCHDAY 1 7-9 September 2014 MATCHDAY 1 7-9 September 2014 7 September Sunday 18:00 Group D 7 September Sunday 20:45 Group D 7 September Sunday 20:45 Group D 7 September Sunday 18:00 Group F 7 September Sunday 20:45 Group F 7 September

More information

Bicycle Traffic Accidents in Japan

Bicycle Traffic Accidents in Japan 4 th IRTAD CONFERENCE 16-17 September, 2009, Seoul, Korea Bicycle Traffic Accidents in Japan - Influence of passengers and cyclists' manner on the accidents occurrence - Shinichi Yoshida Japan, Institute

More information

The risk of derailment and collision, and safety systems to prevent the risk

The risk of derailment and collision, and safety systems to prevent the risk The risk of derailment and collision, and safety systems to prevent the risk Tomohisa NAKAMURA Transport safety department East Japan Railway Company Introduction Since our establishment in 1987, we have

More information

FMCSA Webinar Nov.18th to Examine Large Truck Crash Fatalities Involving Pedestrians & Bicyclists. New Technology for Better Fleet Management

FMCSA Webinar Nov.18th to Examine Large Truck Crash Fatalities Involving Pedestrians & Bicyclists. New Technology for Better Fleet Management In This Issue: FMCSA Webinar Nov.18th to Examine Large Truck Crash Fatalities Involving Pedestrians & Bicyclists Help Prevent Roadway Accidents involving Pedestrians How to Steer Clear of Accidents with

More information

Oxfordshire Local Transport Plan 2011-2030 Revised April 2012. Objective 3 Reduce casualties and the dangers associated with travel

Oxfordshire Local Transport Plan 2011-2030 Revised April 2012. Objective 3 Reduce casualties and the dangers associated with travel 6. Road Safety Objective 3 Reduce casualties and the dangers associated with travel Road safety continues to be a core priority both nationally and locally reflecting the very high human and other costs

More information

TRAFFIC ENGINEERING.

TRAFFIC ENGINEERING. Mechanical Engineering Department Carlos III University of Madrid. TRANSPORTATION INTRODUCTION Transport: change of geographical position of people or goods Traffic: transport related exclusively to vehicle

More information

Code of Conduct for Commercial Drivers

Code of Conduct for Commercial Drivers Code of Conduct for Commercial Drivers RoadDriver 2011 Safe Use of Vehicles Watch your Speed Drive within the speed limit at all times. You should drive at speeds that are safe for the conditions, recognising

More information

Expert Group on European Insurance Contract Law. Meeting of 12-13 November 2013 DISCUSSION PAPER 7: MOTOR INSURANCE.

Expert Group on European Insurance Contract Law. Meeting of 12-13 November 2013 DISCUSSION PAPER 7: MOTOR INSURANCE. Expert Group on European Insurance Contract Law Meeting of 12-13 November 2013 DISCUSSION PAPER 7: MOTOR INSURANCE GDV s comments Questions for discussion Preliminary remarks Motor insurance is a mass

More information

Review of 20 mph zones in London Boroughs. by D C Webster and R E Layfield. Published Project Report PPR243

Review of 20 mph zones in London Boroughs. by D C Webster and R E Layfield. Published Project Report PPR243 Review of 20 mph zones in London Boroughs by D C Webster and R E Layfield Published Project Report PPR243 Review of 20 mph zones in London Boroughs by D C Webster and R E Layfield PUBLISHED PROJECT REPORT

More information

ALCOHOL, 2013 HIGHLIGHTS

ALCOHOL, 2013 HIGHLIGHTS ALCOHOL, 2013 JUNE 2014 ISSUE 14-C08 HIGHLIGHTS During 2013, there were 114 fatal alcohol-impaired collisions in the state (16 percent of all fatal collisions). Alcohol-impaired fatal collisions decreased

More information

SAFE Streets for CHICAGO

SAFE Streets for CHICAGO Overview Each day, hundreds of thousands of Chicagoans walk or drive in the city. Ensuring their safety is the City s top priority. Over the past several years, Chicago has developed many successful strategies

More information

PRAIRIE ROSE SCHOOL DIVISION SECTION E: SUPPORT SERVICES (PART 3: TRANSPORTATION)

PRAIRIE ROSE SCHOOL DIVISION SECTION E: SUPPORT SERVICES (PART 3: TRANSPORTATION) EMJ ACCIDENTS INVOLVING SCHOOL BUSES File EMJ The Bus Driver shall immediately verbally inform the Supervisor of Operations who shall call the police to the scene of all accidents involving the school

More information

EFFECT OF A MOTORWAY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ACCIDENTS IN A BIG CITY

EFFECT OF A MOTORWAY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ACCIDENTS IN A BIG CITY RECEIVED 20. 5. 2004 ACCEPTED 15.12. 2004 H. KNOFLACHER EFFECT OF A MOTORWAY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ACCIDENTS IN A BIG CITY Univ.Prof. Dipl.Ing. Dr. Hermann Knoflacher Univ. Prof. Dipl. Ing. Dr. Hermann

More information

Academic Reading sample task Identifying information

Academic Reading sample task Identifying information A B C D E There are now over 700 million motor vehicles in the world - and the number is rising by more than 40 million each year. The average distance driven by car users is growing too - from 8km a day

More information

One fleet one contract/

One fleet one contract/ Motor vehicle fleet insurance One fleet one contract/ Motor vehicle insurance from AXA offers you comprehensive protection against a wide range of risks. You can now combine coverage for your vehicle fleet

More information

Car occupants intoxication and non-use of safety belts

Car occupants intoxication and non-use of safety belts TØI report 499/2000 Authors: Fridulv Sagberg, Terje Assum Oslo 2000, 63 pages Norwegian language Summary: In-depth road accident investigations Aggregated results from 96 fatal accidents in Mälardalen,

More information

Drink Driving in Ireland. Dr Declan Bedford 13 th October 2008 RSA Conference Dublin

Drink Driving in Ireland. Dr Declan Bedford 13 th October 2008 RSA Conference Dublin Drink Driving in Ireland Dr Declan Bedford 13 th October 2008 RSA Conference Dublin This presentation Trends in fatal road crashes in Ireland Preliminary results of study into role of alcohol in fatal

More information

For further information contact: Alberta Transportation Office of Traffic Safety Main Floor, Twin Atria Building 4999 98 Avenue Edmonton, Alberta T6B

For further information contact: Alberta Transportation Office of Traffic Safety Main Floor, Twin Atria Building 4999 98 Avenue Edmonton, Alberta T6B Alberta Traffic Collision Statistics 2013 Alberta Traffic Collision Statistics 2013 For further information contact: Alberta Transportation Office of Traffic Safety Main Floor, Twin Atria Building 4999

More information

ITARDAInstitute for Traffic Accident

ITARDAInstitute for Traffic Accident ITARDAInstitute for Traffic Accident Research and Data Analysis ( 財 ) 交 通 事 故 総 合 分 析 センター ITARDA INFORMATION No. 211 91NOVEMBER 1, 2, 3, 4, Crossing 3% 4,258 Number of casualties Collisions while turning

More information

School Bus Accident Report Form

School Bus Accident Report Form School Bus Accident Report Form Regardless of severity, a School Bus Accident Report Form must be submitted by a school division whenever a school bus is involved in an accident. Please complete the following

More information

DOT HS 811 625 August 2012

DOT HS 811 625 August 2012 TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS 2010 Data DOT HS 811 625 August 2012 Pedestrians In 2010, 4,280 pedestrians were killed and an estimated 70,000 were injured in traffic crashes in the United States. On average, a

More information

Analysis of intersection accidents - An accident causation and prevention perspective

Analysis of intersection accidents - An accident causation and prevention perspective Analysis of intersection accidents - An accident causation and prevention perspective Julia Werneke 1 & Mark Vollrath 2 1 Chalmers University of Technology, Goteborg, Sweden 2 TU Braunschweig, Braunschweig,

More information

Transport demands in suburbanized locations

Transport demands in suburbanized locations Agronomy Research 12(2), 351 358, 2014 Transport demands in suburbanized locations M. Lukeš *, M. Kotek and M. Růžička Faculty of Engineering, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, 165 21 Prague 6

More information

SOUTH CAROLINA BAR. Auto Accidents and the Law

SOUTH CAROLINA BAR. Auto Accidents and the Law SOUTH CAROLINA BAR Auto Accidents and the Law BE PREPARED Because accidents happen to even the best of drivers, everyone should be prepared to do the right things immediately afterward. Many legal troubles

More information

ATSB ROAD SAFETY REPORT July 2006. Deaths of cyclists due to road crashes

ATSB ROAD SAFETY REPORT July 2006. Deaths of cyclists due to road crashes ATSB ROAD SAFETY REPORT July 2006 Deaths of cyclists due to road crashes ATSB ROAD SAFETY REPORT July 2006 Deaths of cyclists due to road crashes Published by: Australian Transport Safety Bureau Postal

More information

Fleet Maintenance Guide

Fleet Maintenance Guide Fleet Maintenance Guide would like to introduce you to our latest ebook: our FLEET MAINTENANCE GUIDE This ebook is a handy companion for Fleet Managers and anyone responsible for maintaining a fleet. This

More information

Main figures on Road Safety Data Spain 2013

Main figures on Road Safety Data Spain 2013 Main figures on Road Safety Data Spain 2013 Contents Preface.3 Road Safety Data 2013.4 Injuries related to traffic...10 Evolution of the road safety indicators.....12 Casualties.....14 Drivers...16 Fleet...17

More information

Level 2 Award in Safe Driving at Work

Level 2 Award in Safe Driving at Work Level 2 Award in Safe Driving at Work Student notes (sample) www.britsafe.org Membership Training Qualifications Audit and Consultancy Audit and Policy Consultancy and Opinion Policy Awards and Opinion

More information

The Importance of Good Accident Data

The Importance of Good Accident Data International Road Safety Seminar and Workshop AGEPAR/PIARC Improving the Safety of Road Infrastructure Togo, Lomé, 11th 13th October 2006 The Importance of Good Accident Data Lárus Ágústsson Chief Engineer

More information

School Bus Accident Report

School Bus Accident Report School Bus Accident Report Regardless of severity, the following School Bus Accident Report must be submitted by a school division whenever a school bus is involved in an accident. This report can be submitted

More information

STATE OF MICHIGAN COURT OF APPEALS

STATE OF MICHIGAN COURT OF APPEALS STATE OF MICHIGAN COURT OF APPEALS ESTATE OF TIMOTHY HUGHES, Plaintiff-Appellee, UNPUBLISHED January 23, 2007 v No. 259987 Oakland Circuit Court CITIZENS INSURANCE COMPANY, LC No. 2000-024949-CZ and Defendant/Cross-Defendant-

More information

PERFORMANCE REPORT Quarter 2 2014/15

PERFORMANCE REPORT Quarter 2 2014/15 PERFORMANCE REPORT Quarter 2 2014/15 CONTENTS 1. RELIABILITY... 3 2. NETWORK DISRUPTION... 9 3. TRAFFIC VOLUMES... 15 4. TRAFFIC SPEEDS... 17 5. ROAD SAFETY... 18 6. ASSET AVAILABILITY... 19 7. STATE OF

More information

Claims. Who s at. Fault? We consider the circumstances of each case. How your adjuster assesses fault How fault affects you Appeal options

Claims. Who s at. Fault? We consider the circumstances of each case. How your adjuster assesses fault How fault affects you Appeal options Claims Who s at Fault? We consider the circumstances of each case How your adjuster assesses fault How fault affects you Appeal options March 2010 Under Manitoba law, motorists involved in a collision

More information

REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA

REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA STATE-PUBLIC CONSULTATIVE COMMISSION ON THE PROBLEMS OF ROAD SAFETY MINISTRY OF INTERIOR Road Safety Conference INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK І. Institutional framework SPCCPRS Established

More information

Safe cycling: How do risk perceptions compare with actual risk?

Safe cycling: How do risk perceptions compare with actual risk? Velo City Global, 2012 Vancouver, BC Safe cycling: How do risk perceptions compare with actual risk? Meghan Winters, Shelina Babul, Jack Becker, Jeff Brubacher, Peter Cripton, Steve Friedman, Anne Harris,

More information

DANISH ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION BOARD

DANISH ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION BOARD DANISH ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION BOARD Anne Eriksson, Traffic safety engineer, Anna Louise Feerup, Psychologist, Danish Road Directorate This paper presents The Danish Road Traffic Accident Investigation

More information

Road Traffic Management Strategy STRATEGIES OF THE FINNISH TRANSPORT AGENCY

Road Traffic Management Strategy STRATEGIES OF THE FINNISH TRANSPORT AGENCY Road Traffic Management Strategy 03 2010 STRATEGIES OF THE FINNISH TRANSPORT AGENCY Road Traffic Management Strategy Strategies of the Finnish Transport Agency 3/2010 Finnish Transport Agency Helsinki

More information

Personal Injury Claims

Personal Injury Claims Dawn Cardwell - dcardwell@hamers.com Robert Holroyd - rholroyd@hamers.com Jeremy Rea - jrea@hamers.com Paul Richardson - prichardson@hamers.com Jim Wyatt - jwyatt@hamers.com Freephone: 0800 591 999 5 Earls

More information

NORTH EAST Regional Road Safety Resource

NORTH EAST Regional Road Safety Resource NORTH EAST Regional Road Safety Resource Project Report: 1. Regional Overview of Pedal Cycle Accidents 2005 2007. Produced May 2008. Natalie Goodman Project is supported by the Department of Transport.

More information

Section 16: Traffic Incident Management

Section 16: Traffic Incident Management Section 16: Traffic Incident Management Traffic Incident Management (TIM) is the coordinated process to identify, respond to and clear traffic incidents to prevent secondary collisions and reduce the duration

More information

Update: Comparative Car and Home Insurance Costs in NI

Update: Comparative Car and Home Insurance Costs in NI Research and Library Service Briefing Paper Paper 37/11 25 February 2011 NIAR 508-10 Dr. Jodie Carson Update: Comparative Car and Home Insurance Costs in NI 1 Overview A previous Research and Library Service

More information

A statistical comparison between severe accidents and PDO accidents in Riyadh A.S. Al-Ghamdi College of Engineering, King Sand University,

A statistical comparison between severe accidents and PDO accidents in Riyadh A.S. Al-Ghamdi College of Engineering, King Sand University, A statistical comparison between severe accidents and PDO accidents in Riyadh A.S. Al-Ghamdi College of Engineering, King Sand University, Email: asghamdi@ksu.edu. sa Abstract Riyadh, capital of the Kingdom

More information