Reading Assignment: Tasks for the Veterinary Assistant, pages , Appendix L, O and P

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Reading Assignment: Tasks for the Veterinary Assistant, pages 467-473, Appendix L, O and P"

Transcription

1 Patient Monitoring Reading Assignment: Tasks for the Veterinary Assistant, pages , Appendix L, O and P Patient monitoring during surgery is an extremely important task that is commonly the responsibility of the veterinary assistant. It begins once the patient is anesthetized and ends when the patient returns to sternal recumbency. The patient should ideally be monitored every five minutes unless he/she is at a higher risk due to more severe illness or injury, when monitoring must occur even more often. While machines are set up to monitor the patient, the technician and/or assistant must pay attention to these machines and note any changes in the animal s vital signs. The monitoring machines should be set to produce loud sounds when correct measurements vary significantly so that everyone in the surgery room can hear. Please see Appendix L for a chart on normal patient values and familiarize yourself with them. It can be a matter of life or death! Vital signs that are commonly monitored are: Cardiac function and blood pressure Respiratory rate and depth Depth of anesthesia & central nervous system reflexes Body temperature Rate and flow of IV fluids should also be monitored if the patient has had an IV installed. Video To view more information about patient monitoring, please visit deoid=17. Please note: You must first be logged in to the ABC Student Center before entering the above website into the address bar of your internet. Cardiac Function and Blood Pressure Blood pressure is measured by a Doppler or oscillometric device, which is an instrument that is used to measure blood pressure in the arteries. As with humans, this is done with a cuff around the animal s leg, so these come in a variety of sizes for a variety of patients. Cardiac function can be measured through several different methods:

2 Stethoscope an instrument used to listen to body sounds Esophageal stethoscope a stethoscope which is inserted into the esophagus, down to heart level; the heart sounds can then be heard from within the chest. Pulse oximeter a non-invasive instrument that monitors heart rate, pulse and oxygen saturation. Electrocardiogram (ECG, EKG) measures electrical impulses that monitor contraction of the heart s muscles o For surgical monitoring, lead II is commonly used. Lead II are the electrodes in an electrocardiogram that are placed on the right front leg and left hind leg. * o NOTE: Before placing lead II electrodes, the assistant should check with the veterinarian to ensure that this is his/her preference. Palpitating the pulse feeling the femoral artery (for most patients) for pulse o NOTE: Palpitating the pulse cannot be done once the patient is draped. Capillary refill time (CRT) is the time in seconds in which the capillaries or minute blood vessels connecting the arterioles and the venules refill with blood after pressure is applied to them. This evaluation is simple to complete and will also help to confirm healthy cardiac function and blood flow to the capillaries. To accomplish this, expose the patient s gums and apply moderate pressure with a fingertip for two seconds to the gum line above the canine tooth. The space in which the pressure was applied should become unpigmented temporarily. Upon removing pressure, count how long it takes for the pigment to return to the same color as the surrounding areas. It should take less than one second, so if it takes longer, the patient may have poor or impaired circulation. Cyanosis, which indicates lack of oxygen in the blood, can be a glaring indicator of poor circulation. When mucous membranes are discolored, it is a warning sign that must be attended to. * Paula Pattengale, Tasks for the Veterinary Assistant. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing 2006 Paula Pattengale, Tasks for the Veterinary Assistant. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing 2006

3 Pink = healthy, normal Pale or white = anemia or shock Blue = cyanosis, or lack of oxygen in the blood. Can be very serious. The bluer the membrane, the worse the condition is. Brownish = methemoglobinemia, which is a lack of oxygen or presence of methemoglobin in the blood resulting in cyanosis. Can be caused by blood poisioning and the overdose of some medication. A pulse oximeter may also be utilized to prevent cyanosis; it is clipped to the patient s tongue, flank, or interdigital space (between the toes). Normal oxygen value is approximately 98%, and values of 90% and lower indicate near cyanosis. The veterinarian should be immediately informed if oxygen values drop to or below 90%. Respiratory Rate and Depth Respiratory function must be monitored to ensure that the patient is breathing properly during the procedure. It may be watched in several different ways as well: Observation the assistant palpates the patient s chest to note the rate and depth of breathing, or observes the movements of the re-breathing bag on the anesthesia machine. (See Anesthesia Machine for more information.) Esophageal stethoscope as mentioned earlier, this device contains a tube that is inserted down into the esophagus to the level of the heart. It allows monitoring staff to hear respiratory sounds as well as cardiac sounds. Respiratory monitor a coiled band wraps around the patient s chest and is measured for rate and depth as the patient breathes. * Body Temperature Although the patient is normally lying on a heating pad, hypothermia, or decreased body temperature, is a constant concern. Hyperthermia, meaning increased body temperature, is less common but still possible. The best way to prevent either is through an electronic rectal probe that displays an updated record of the patient s body temperature on a screen. Depth of Anesthesia & Central Nervous System Reflexes * Paula Pattengale, Tasks for the Veterinary Assistant. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing 2006

4 No machine can sufficiently detect the depth of anesthesia, so this responsibility rests solely on the veterinary assistant. This is done by checking the patient s involuntary reflexes. Checking the palpebral reflex, or eyelid reflex, can be deciphered by touching the eyelid lightly. A strong blink reflex signifies a low level of anesthesia. In this state the patient can hear, feel pain and sometimes struggle due to hallucinations. Another way to evaluate the level of anesthesia of the patient is the pedal (pertaining to the feet * ) reflex. This reflex requires pinching the patient s toe. If the patient tries to pull away, he/she is too light and requires a higher level of anesthetic. Reflexes should lessen as the level of anesthesia brings the patient deeper. Coughing and swallowing reflexes will decrease. Muscle tone should also lessen as anesthesia levels increase. The more painful the procedure, the more the anesthetic level will need to be increased. For example, orthopedic surgeries require a higher level of anesthesia because bone surgeries are more painful than soft tissue surgeries. Mainly, the level of anesthetic is dependant upon the individual patient, hence the monitoring of reflex, cardiac function, respiration, blood pressure and all other monitoring parameters are crucial for proper anesthetic depth. Stages of anesthesia are as follows: 1. Stage I: Amnesia. The patient is disoriented. This stage is short. 2. Stage II: Excitement or delirium. The patient can show involuntary movements and even vocalize. This stage is also brief. 3. Stage III: Anesthesia. Blood pressure, pulse, respiration, and pupil size are normal during this stage. Muscle relaxation is moderate. Pedal, corneal, and anal reflexes are still present, although there will be variations depending on the administration of particular medications. This stage is divided into four planes: a. Plane I: light anesthesia b. Plane II: surgical anesthesia c. Plane III: deep anesthesia d. Plane IV: overdose 4. Stage IV: Danger! The patient is dying if he/she reaches this stage of anesthesia. Reflexes are absent, pupils are fixed, dilated and unresponsive to light, blood pressure * Ray V. Herren, Janet Amundson Romich. Delmar s Veterinary Technician Dictionary. New York: Delmar. 2000

5 falls, the pulse is weak and respiration is abdominal and ceases. The heart goes into arrest, and there is no muscle tone. All medical monitoring machines should be cleaned, disinfected and stored after each use. Remember that monitoring via machines, or by physically testing reflex are reliant on observation, so a keen eye and attention to detail are vital. For more information on Stages and Planes of Anesthesia, please see Appendix P in the Tasks for the Veterinary Assistant textbook.

MONITORING THE ANESTHETIZED PATIENT

MONITORING THE ANESTHETIZED PATIENT MONITORING THE ANESTHETIZED PATIENT The administration and monitoring of anesthesia for surgical procedures is a complex and multifaceted skill that requires both knowledge and practice. The safety of

More information

UNDERSTANDING VITAL LIFE SIGNS IN HORSES. Brett D. Scott, Ph.D. and Mike Martin, DVM

UNDERSTANDING VITAL LIFE SIGNS IN HORSES. Brett D. Scott, Ph.D. and Mike Martin, DVM UNDERSTANDING VITAL LIFE SIGNS IN HORSES Brett D. Scott, Ph.D. and Mike Martin, DVM INTRODUCTION The first step in learning about equine health is to determine what the normal signs are in a healthy horse.

More information

RESPONDING TO ANESTHETIC COMPLICATIONS

RESPONDING TO ANESTHETIC COMPLICATIONS RESPONDING TO ANESTHETIC COMPLICATIONS General anesthesia poses minimal risk to most patients when performed by a capable anesthetist using appropriate protocols and proper monitoring. However, it is vitally

More information

Fainting - Syncope. This reference summary explains fainting. It discusses the causes and treatment options for the condition.

Fainting - Syncope. This reference summary explains fainting. It discusses the causes and treatment options for the condition. Fainting - Syncope Introduction Fainting, also known as syncope, is a temporary loss of consciousness. It is caused by a drop in blood flow to the brain. You may feel dizzy, lightheaded or nauseous before

More information

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #201 RODENT SURGERY

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #201 RODENT SURGERY STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #201 RODENT SURGERY 1. PURPOSE The intent of this Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) is to describe procedures for survival rodent surgery. 2. RESPONSIBILITY Principal investigators

More information

Tired, Aching Legs? Swollen Ankles? Varicose Veins?

Tired, Aching Legs? Swollen Ankles? Varicose Veins? Tired, Aching Legs? Swollen Ankles? Varicose Veins? Healthy Legs 2006 http://healthylegs.com Page 1 Venous disorders are widespread Leg problems are widespread throughout the world, but what most people

More information

MEASURING AND RECORDING BLOOD PRESSURE

MEASURING AND RECORDING BLOOD PRESSURE MEASURING AND RECORDING BLOOD PRESSURE INTRODUCTION The blood pressure, along with the body temperature, pulse, and respirations, is one of the vital signs. These measurements are used to quickly, easily,

More information

Please Do Not Call 911

Please Do Not Call 911 The Last Hours of Life - What to Expect Names and Phone Numbers You May Need Name Phone Family Dr. Palliative Dr. After Hours Access Centre Visiting Nurse Hospice Clergy Funeral Contact Please Do Not Call

More information

Using Pulse Oximeters

Using Pulse Oximeters Using Pulse Oximeters Tutorial 1 the basics 1 World Health Organization, 2011. WHO, All rights 2011. reserved. The Pulse Oximeter In this tutorial you will learn about: The function of a pulse oximeter

More information

Plantar Fascia Release

Plantar Fascia Release Plantar Fascia Release Introduction Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that causes pain around the heel. It may be severe enough to affect regular activities. If other treatments are unsuccessful,

More information

Adult Choking and CPR Manual

Adult Choking and CPR Manual Adult Choking and CPR Manual 2009 Breath of Life Home Medical Equipment and Respiratory Services CHOKING Description: Choking is the coughing spasm and sputtering that happen when liquids or solids get

More information

Materials Part 1. Part 1: Measuring Air Volume

Materials Part 1. Part 1: Measuring Air Volume Name Class Date Laboratory Investigation C16L1 Chapter 16 Lesson 1: The Respiratory System Human Anatomy & Physiology: Respiratory System You may refer to pages 427-434 in your textbook for a general discussion

More information

Surgical procedures conducted at field sites need not be performed in dedicated facilities, but must be performed using aseptic procedures.

Surgical procedures conducted at field sites need not be performed in dedicated facilities, but must be performed using aseptic procedures. UNMC/UNO ANIMAL CARE AND USE PROGRAM POLICIES AND PROCEDURES APPROVAL DATE: 10/16/2013 TITLE: Policy for Surgery PAGE 1 OF 5 POLICY Successful surgical outcomes depend on appropriate pre-surgical planning,

More information

PRE-OPERATIVE PATIENT INFORMATION

PRE-OPERATIVE PATIENT INFORMATION PRE-OPERATIVE PATIENT INFORMATION Welcome to Memorial Hospital located in the beautiful White Mountains of New Hampshire. The following information is designed to provide you with information regarding

More information

Endoscopic Plantar Fasciotomy

Endoscopic Plantar Fasciotomy Endoscopic Plantar Fasciotomy Introduction Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that causes pain centralized around the heel. It may be severe enough to affect regular activities. Health care providers

More information

Resuscitation and preparation for anaesthesia and surgery

Resuscitation and preparation for anaesthesia and surgery 13 Resuscitation and preparation for anaesthesia and surgery Key Points 13.1 MANAGEMENT OF EMERGENCIES AND CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION ESSENTIAL HEALTH TECHNOLOGIES The emergency measures that are familiar

More information

Epidural pain relief. What is an epidural catheter? Why use an epidural catheter rather than other methods of giving pain medicine?

Epidural pain relief. What is an epidural catheter? Why use an epidural catheter rather than other methods of giving pain medicine? What is an epidural catheter? An epidural catheter is a small tube placed through the skin in a space between the bones of the spine and the spinal cord. The size of the catheter is about the same as a

More information

Procedure 101 Setting Up For Continuous Cardiac Monitoring

Procedure 101 Setting Up For Continuous Cardiac Monitoring Chapter 14 Cardiac Care Skills Procedure 100 Performing A 12-Lead ECG Procedure 101 Setting Up For Continuous Cardiac Monitoring Procedure 102 Monitoring The Dorsalis Pedis Pulse Procedure 103 Monitoring

More information

404 Section 5 Shock and Resuscitation. Scene Size-up. Primary Assessment. History Taking

404 Section 5 Shock and Resuscitation. Scene Size-up. Primary Assessment. History Taking 404 Section 5 and Resuscitation Scene Size-up Scene Safety Mechanism of Injury (MOI)/ Nature of Illness (NOI) Ensure scene safety and address hazards. Standard precautions should include a minimum of gloves

More information

Homeostasis (Circulation) Chapter 9. Homeostasis - the body s maintenance of a relatively stable internal physiological environment

Homeostasis (Circulation) Chapter 9. Homeostasis - the body s maintenance of a relatively stable internal physiological environment Homeostasis (Circulation) Chapter 9 Homeostasis - the body s maintenance of a relatively stable internal physiological environment How does the body maintain homeostasis, for example, when running? Increased

More information

Introduction. What is syncope?

Introduction. What is syncope? Syncope Introduction What is syncope? Syncope (SING-kuh-pee) is a medical term for fainting. When you faint, your brain is not receiving enough blood and oxygen, so you lose consciousness temporarily.

More information

GENERAL ANESTHESIA BASICS

GENERAL ANESTHESIA BASICS GENERAL ANESTHESIA BASICS INTRODUCTION The goal in the administration of general anesthesia is to provide a stage of reversible unconsciousness with adequate analgesia and muscle relaxation for surgical

More information

Types of electrical injuries

Types of electrical injuries Types of electrical injuries Electrical injury is a term for all injuries caused by contact with electrical energy. Electrical contact can cause a wide variety of injuries involving most organ systems.

More information

THERAPEUTIC USE OF HEAT AND COLD

THERAPEUTIC USE OF HEAT AND COLD THERAPEUTIC USE OF HEAT AND COLD INTRODUCTION Heat and cold are simple and very effective therapeutic tools. They can be used locally or over the whole body, and the proper application of heat and cold

More information

AV Fistula for Dialysis

AV Fistula for Dialysis AV Fistula for Dialysis Introduction Before starting regular hemodialysis sessions, you must first prepare a vascular access. A vascular access is the site on your body where blood is removed and returned

More information

CorCap Cardiac Support Device Patient Information Booklet

CorCap Cardiac Support Device Patient Information Booklet What is Heart Failure? CorCap Cardiac Support Device Patient Information Booklet Heart failure is a condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body. To compensate

More information

EPEC-O. Education in Palliative and End-of-life Care - Oncology

EPEC-O. Education in Palliative and End-of-life Care - Oncology The EPEC-O TM Education in Palliative and End-of-life Care - Oncology Project The EPEC -O Curriculum is produced by the EPEC TM Project with major funding provided by NCI, with supplemental funding provided

More information

CHAPTER 1 DISASTER FIRST AID INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1 DISASTER FIRST AID INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 1 DISASTER FIRST AID INTRODUCTION This chapter will cover the following topics: Introduction: The basic concepts of providing disaster first aid and the equipment required to safely respond to

More information

Hemodialysis Access: What You Need to Know

Hemodialysis Access: What You Need to Know Hemodialysis Access: What You Need to Know Hemodialysis Access: What You Need To Know Whether you already get hemodialysis treatment, or you will need to start dialysis soon, this booklet will help you

More information

Project 4.2.1: Heart Rate

Project 4.2.1: Heart Rate Project 4.2.1: Heart Rate Introduction Even before you were born, one of the first things your doctor did when you went for an office visit was listen to your heart. Your heart rate, the number of times

More information

Blood Transfusion. Red Blood Cells White Blood Cells Platelets

Blood Transfusion. Red Blood Cells White Blood Cells Platelets Blood Transfusion Introduction Blood transfusions are very common. Each year, almost 5 million Americans need a blood transfusion. Blood transfusions are given to replace blood lost during surgery or serious

More information

Vital and Diagnostic Signs

Vital and Diagnostic Signs GENERAL The four vital signs and the five diagnostic signs evaluated during patient assessment provide valuable information to the care provider, and when recorded properly, to the receiving facility/personnel.

More information

Target groups: Paramedics, nurses, respiratory therapists, physicians, and others who manage respiratory emergencies.

Target groups: Paramedics, nurses, respiratory therapists, physicians, and others who manage respiratory emergencies. Overview Estimated scenario time: 10 15 minutes Estimated debriefing time: 10 minutes Target groups: Paramedics, nurses, respiratory therapists, physicians, and others who manage respiratory emergencies.

More information

Surgery Health Care Aide

Surgery Health Care Aide Surgery Health Care Aide Buddy Center Volunteer Training Manual 1 Surgery Health-Care Aide Thank you for volunteering in the Surgery department as a health-care aide. This packet includes information to

More information

Obstetrical Emergencies

Obstetrical Emergencies Date: July 18, 2014 Page 1 of 5 Obstetrical Emergencies Purpose: To provide the process for the assessment and management of the patient with an obstetrical related emergency. Pre-Medical Control 1. Follow

More information

Understanding Neurological Death

Understanding Neurological Death Understanding Neurological Death Queen s Printer for Ontario, 2010. Adapted and reproduced with permission. 1 Understanding Neurological Death It is difficult to imagine a more devastating experience than

More information

HEALTH EFFECTS. Inhalation

HEALTH EFFECTS. Inhalation Health Effects HEALTH EFFECTS Asbestos can kill you. You must take extra precautions when you work with asbestos. Just because you do not notice any problems while you are working with asbestos, it still

More information

Firefighter Pre-Hospital Care Program Module 18. Chest Assessment And Injuries

Firefighter Pre-Hospital Care Program Module 18. Chest Assessment And Injuries Firefighter Pre-Hospital Care Program Module 18 Chest Assessment And Injuries Firefighter Pre-Hospital Care Program Module 18 At the end of the lesson and upon completion of the post test quiz, the participant

More information

Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR): A Decision Aid For. KGH Patients And Their Families

Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR): A Decision Aid For. KGH Patients And Their Families Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR): A Decision Aid For KGH Patients And Their Families The goal of this pamphlet is to provide information about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) so you can be adequately

More information

2 CHECKING AN INJURED OR ILL ATHLETE

2 CHECKING AN INJURED OR ILL ATHLETE American Red Cross 2 CHECKING AN INJURED OR ILL ATHLETE ~~~'1'H ~.. 2 CHECKING AN INJURED OR III ATHLETE Checking the scene for safety and checking an injured or ill athlete is the first action to take,

More information

PATIENT HANDBOOK AND JOURNAL DAY OF SURGERY

PATIENT HANDBOOK AND JOURNAL DAY OF SURGERY PATIENT HANDBOOK AND JOURNAL DAY OF SURGERY PREPARING YOUR SKIN BEFORE SURGERY PRE-OP HIBICLENS BATHING INSTRUCTIONS: General Information: Because the skin is not sterile, it is important to make sure

More information

Vtial sign #1: PULSE. Vital Signs: Assessment and Interpretation. Factors that influence pulse rate: Importance of Vital Signs

Vtial sign #1: PULSE. Vital Signs: Assessment and Interpretation. Factors that influence pulse rate: Importance of Vital Signs Vital Signs: Assessment and Interpretation Elma I. LeDoux, MD, FACP, FACC Associate Professor of Medicine Vtial sign #1: PULSE Reflects heart rate (resting 60-90/min) Should be strong and regular Use 2

More information

Chapter 26. Assisting With Oxygen Needs. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Chapter 26. Assisting With Oxygen Needs. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 26 Assisting With Oxygen Needs Oxygen (O 2 ) is a gas. Oxygen It has no taste, odor, or color. It is a basic need required for life. Death occurs within minutes if breathing stops. Brain damage

More information

X-Plain Preparing For Surgery Reference Summary

X-Plain Preparing For Surgery Reference Summary X-Plain Preparing For Surgery Reference Summary Introduction More than 25 million surgical procedures are performed each year in the US. This reference summary will help you prepare for surgery. By understanding

More information

Living with Heart Failure?

Living with Heart Failure? Living with Heart Failure? You have options. COUNTER HF CLINICAL STUDY What is heart failure? Although the term heart failure makes it sound as if the heart has stopped working, it really means your heart

More information

PARAMEDIC TRAINING CLINICAL OBJECTIVES

PARAMEDIC TRAINING CLINICAL OBJECTIVES Page 1 of 21 GENERAL PATIENT UNIT When assigned to the General Patient unit paramedic student should gain knowledge and experience in the following: 1. Appropriate communication with patients and members

More information

Local anaesthesia for your eye operation

Local anaesthesia for your eye operation The Royal College of Anaesthetists The Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland Local anaesthesia for your eye operation Information for patients www.rcoa.ac.uk/patientinfo Fourth edition

More information

The LASIK experience WHO CAN HAVE LASIK? SELECTING A SURGEON

The LASIK experience WHO CAN HAVE LASIK? SELECTING A SURGEON The LASIK experience I WHO CAN HAVE LASIK? To be eligible for LASIK you should be at least 21 years of age, have healthy eyes and be in good general health. Your vision should not have deteriorated significantly

More information

Overnight Surgery. Girl Version

Overnight Surgery. Girl Version Overnight Surgery Girl Version I am getting ready for my surgery. My doctors need to do the surgery to learn about my body or to help me get better. First, we will walk from the hospital lobby to the surgery

More information

PATIENT PRE- TEST INSTRUCTIONS:

PATIENT PRE- TEST INSTRUCTIONS: PATIENT PRE- TEST INSTRUCTIONS: Stress Test: Treadmill Stress Test 1. Patient should not take Beta- blockers for 24 hours prior to testing. Patients with chronic Atrial Fibrillation are to continue taking

More information

Pediatric Newborn Assessment, Treatment and Resuscitation

Pediatric Newborn Assessment, Treatment and Resuscitation Date: May 31, 2012 Page 1 of 5 Pediatric Newborn Assessment, Treatment and Resuscitation This protocol should be followed for all newly born infants. Pre-Medical Control MFR/EMT/ 1. As the infant is being

More information

Year 2 Science: The Human Body Resource Pack

Year 2 Science: The Human Body Resource Pack Year 2 Science: The Human Body Resource Pack Body Systems II Body Systems Digestion our bodies break down food and use Skeletal system the skeleton is made up of bones that support our the nutrients to

More information

what to expect Additional information and support is available by contacting: 324 Wilmington Avenue Dayton, Ohio 45420

what to expect Additional information and support is available by contacting: 324 Wilmington Avenue Dayton, Ohio 45420 Additional information and support is available by contacting: what to expect 324 Wilmington Avenue Dayton, Ohio 45420 937-256-4490 800-653-4490 www.hospiceofdayton.org 5940 Long Meadow Drive Franklin,

More information

CAMBORO VETERINARY HOSPITAL 5989 RT. 6N, EDINBORO, PA 16412 814-734-1628

CAMBORO VETERINARY HOSPITAL 5989 RT. 6N, EDINBORO, PA 16412 814-734-1628 Page 1 The (IPVN) has many important responsibilities and plays many roles within the hospital. They apply their professional skills in anesthesia, surgery, dentistry, laboratory testing, patient nursing

More information

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1 Vocabulary Words Week 1 1. arteries Any of the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all parts of the body 2. heart The muscular organ inside the chest that pumps blood through the body

More information

Oxygenation. Chapter 21. Anatomy and Physiology of Breathing. Anatomy and Physiology of Breathing*

Oxygenation. Chapter 21. Anatomy and Physiology of Breathing. Anatomy and Physiology of Breathing* Oxygenation Chapter 21 Anatomy and Physiology of Breathing Inspiration ~ breathing in Expiration ~ breathing out Ventilation ~ Movement of air in & out of the lungs Respiration ~ exchange of O2 & carbon

More information

Corporate Medical Policy

Corporate Medical Policy File Name: anesthesia_services Origination: 8/2007 Last CAP Review: 1/2016 Next CAP Review: 1/2017 Last Review: 1/2016 Corporate Medical Policy Description of Procedure or Service There are three main

More information

Some of the ophthalmic surgeries performed at the DMV Center.

Some of the ophthalmic surgeries performed at the DMV Center. Some of the ophthalmic surgeries performed at the DMV Center. This document presents some types of the surgeries performed by the ophthalmology service at the DMV veterinary center as well as the equipment

More information

UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION. Aortic Stenosis. What is heart valve disease? What is aortic stenosis?

UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION. Aortic Stenosis. What is heart valve disease? What is aortic stenosis? UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION Aortic Stenosis Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment This handout describes aortic stenosis, a narrowing of the aortic valve in your heart. It also explains how this

More information

ECG machine. Infusion Pumps. Ultrasound machine. List of equipment

ECG machine. Infusion Pumps. Ultrasound machine. List of equipment List of equipment ECG machine An ECG records the electrical activity of the heart. The heart produces tiny electrical impulses which spread through the heart muscle to make the heart contract. These impulses

More information

Laerdal Patient Monitor Help Page 1 June 14, 2012, Rev E

Laerdal Patient Monitor Help Page 1 June 14, 2012, Rev E Laerdal Patient Monitor Help Page 1 Using the Laerdal Patient Monitor The Laerdal Patient Monitor software is used to simulate a typical Patient Monitor found in hospitals and ambulances. It is made available

More information

CHAPTER 32 QUIZ. Handout 32-1. Write the letter of the best answer in the space provided.

CHAPTER 32 QUIZ. Handout 32-1. Write the letter of the best answer in the space provided. Handout 32-1 QUIZ Write the letter of the best answer in the space provided. 1. All of the following are signs and symptoms in patients with spinal injuries except A. paralysis. C. hyperglycemia. B. priapism.

More information

Blood Transfusion. There are three types of blood cells: Red blood cells. White blood cells. Platelets.

Blood Transfusion. There are three types of blood cells: Red blood cells. White blood cells. Platelets. Blood Transfusion Introduction Blood transfusions can save lives. Every second, someone in the world needs a blood transfusion. Blood transfusions can replace the blood lost from a serious injury or surgery.

More information

First Responder (FR) and Emergency Medical Responder (EMR) Progress Log

First Responder (FR) and Emergency Medical Responder (EMR) Progress Log First Responder (FR) and Emergency Medical Responder (EMR) Progress Log Note: Those competencies that are for EMR only are denoted by boldface type. For further details on the National Occupational Competencies

More information

Chapter 6. Hemorrhage Control UNDER FIRE KEEP YOUR HEAD DOWN

Chapter 6. Hemorrhage Control UNDER FIRE KEEP YOUR HEAD DOWN Hemorrhage Control Chapter 6 Hemorrhage Control The hemorrhage that take[s] place when a main artery is divided is usually so rapid and so copious that the wounded man dies before help can reach him. Colonel

More information

American Heart Association

American Heart Association American Heart Association Basic Life Support for Healthcare Providers Pretest April 2006 This examination to be used only as a PRECOURSE TEST For BLS for Healthcare Providers Courses 2006 American Heart

More information

What to Expect Before,During,and After

What to Expect Before,During,and After Cardiac Surgery: What to Expect Before,During,and After Open heart or cardiac surgery refers to several different types of procedures. The most common are coronary artery bypass grafting and repair or

More information

Local anaesthesia for your eye operation

Local anaesthesia for your eye operation Local anaesthesia for your eye operation Information for patients and families. www.anaesthesia.ie 1 This information leaflet is for anyone expecting to have an eye operation with a local anaesthetic.

More information

Therapeutic Canine Massage

Therapeutic Canine Massage Meet our Certified Canine Massage Therapist, Stevi Quick After years of competitive grooming and handling several breeds in conformation, I became interested in training and competing with my dogs in the

More information

Determine if there is adequate blood flow to your heart during increasing levels of activity.

Determine if there is adequate blood flow to your heart during increasing levels of activity. What Is an Exercise Stress Test? The exercise stress test -- also called a stress test, exercise electrocardiogram, graded exercise test, or stress ECG -- is a test used to provide information about how

More information

Explain what produces this difference in pressure.

Explain what produces this difference in pressure. 1. The graph below shows the main stages of the cardiac cycle. The atria contract The muscles of the heart relax The thick muscular walls of the ventricles contract (a) During which stage in the cardiac

More information

Emergency Room (ER) Visits: A Family Caregiver s Guide

Emergency Room (ER) Visits: A Family Caregiver s Guide Family Caregiver Guide Emergency Room (ER) Visits: A Family Caregiver s Guide Your family member may someday have a medical emergency and need to go to a hospital Emergency Room (ER), which is also called

More information

HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION PLAN FOR SUTTER COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS

HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION PLAN FOR SUTTER COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION PLAN FOR SUTTER COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Purpose... 1 2.0 Heat Illness Prevention... 2 2.1 Heat Stroke... 2 2.2 Heat Exhaustion... 2 2.3 Heat Cramps...

More information

Overview. Assessment of Allergic Reactions. Chapter 21. Allergic Reactions 9/11/2012. Assessment of Allergic Reactions

Overview. Assessment of Allergic Reactions. Chapter 21. Allergic Reactions 9/11/2012. Assessment of Allergic Reactions Chapter 21 Allergic Reactions Slide 1 Overview Causes of Allergic Reactions Signs and Symptoms of Allergic Reactions Emergency Care for Patients with Allergic Reactions Airway Management Administration

More information

We promise to provide the best pain relief possible for all children at OSF Saint Anthony Medical Center. WE CARE ABOUT YOUR CHILD S COMFORT.

We promise to provide the best pain relief possible for all children at OSF Saint Anthony Medical Center. WE CARE ABOUT YOUR CHILD S COMFORT. CHILDREN S COMFORT IS OUR PRIORITY OSF Saint Anthony Medical Center has an ongoing commitment to pediatric pain management. The promotion of pain management for your child is viewed as a priority. All

More information

Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Gastrointestinal Bleeding Gastrointestinal Bleeding Introduction Gastrointestinal bleeding is a symptom of many diseases rather than a disease itself. A number of different conditions can cause gastrointestinal bleeding. Some causes

More information

Guidelines for the Practice of Anesthesia in Norway

Guidelines for the Practice of Anesthesia in Norway Guidelines for the Practice of Anesthesia in Norway History 1991 1st version 1994 1st revision 1998 2nd revision 2005 3rd revision on 19.03.05 by NAF (The Norwegian Society of Anesthesiology) 1 Table of

More information

Joint Replacement 101. Ohio Valley Medical Center and East Ohio Regional Hospital Pre- surgical Class for Total Joint Replacements

Joint Replacement 101. Ohio Valley Medical Center and East Ohio Regional Hospital Pre- surgical Class for Total Joint Replacements Joint Replacement 101 Ohio Valley Medical Center and East Ohio Regional Hospital Pre- surgical Class for Total Joint Replacements Ohio Valley Medical Center and East Ohio Regional Hospital are both certified

More information

NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH BUREAU OF EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES

NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH BUREAU OF EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH BUREAU OF EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES TRAINING PROGRAM OUTLINE FOR UNLICENSED OR UNCERTIFIED PERSONNEL TO ADMINISTER EPINEPHRINE BY AUTO-INJECTOR IN LIFE-THREATENING

More information

Circulatory System. Obj: Explain the structure of the heart

Circulatory System. Obj: Explain the structure of the heart Circulatory System Obj: Explain the structure of the heart 1 Structure of the Heart Size, shape and location 1. Size of a closed fist 2. In thoracic cavity 3. Apex: the tip of the heart that lies on the

More information

How can I be sure it will be performed to a high standard?

How can I be sure it will be performed to a high standard? FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (About ultrasound scans at Derriford) What is an Ultrasound Scan? How does it work? What are the dangers? What are the advantages? Who will perform my scan? How can I be sure

More information

Facial Sports Injuries

Facial Sports Injuries Facial Sports Injuries Playing catch, shooting hoops, bicycling on a scenic path or just kicking around a soccer ball have more in common than you may think. On the up side, these activities are good exercise

More information

Emergency Scenario. Chest Pain

Emergency Scenario. Chest Pain Emergency Scenario Chest Pain This emergency scenario reviews chest pain in a primary care patient, and is set up for roleplay and case review with your staff. 1) The person facilitating scenarios can

More information

Body cavities. Body Planes

Body cavities. Body Planes Body cavities Body Planes Directional terms http://homepage.smc.edu/wissmann_paul/anatomy1textbook/1anatomytextch1.html abdomen abdominal front of elbow antecubital arm brachial groin inguinal armpit axillary

More information

Success Manual and Cheat Sheet Notes to Pass Your Basic Life Support (BLS) Course

Success Manual and Cheat Sheet Notes to Pass Your Basic Life Support (BLS) Course Success Manual and Cheat Sheet Notes to Pass Your Basic Life Support (BLS) Course Written by: Jay Snaric, MS And Kimberly Hickman, RN CPR St. Louis 44 Meramec Valley Plaza St. Louis MO 63088 www.stlcpr.com

More information

ANIMAL MEDICAL CENTER OF THE VILLAGE

ANIMAL MEDICAL CENTER OF THE VILLAGE SURGICAL RELEASE FORM Owner s Name Pet Name Address Dog Cat Other City State Zip Age Sex: M F N S Phone Email Breed Color Pet Health Insurance Carrier Phone number where you can be reached today: Work

More information

HELP WITH BREATHING: What you should know ADVANCE CARE PLANNING

HELP WITH BREATHING: What you should know ADVANCE CARE PLANNING ADVANCE CARE PLANNING HELP WITH BREATHING: What you should know Your lung problem makes it hard for you to breathe sometimes. You have choices about how to breathe with greater ease and less stress. These

More information

Human Growth and Reproduction

Human Growth and Reproduction Human Growth and Reproduction Sperm reach ovum and cluster around it Only one sperm is allowed to penetrate egg When the sperm penetrates the egg, the egg immediately releases a chemical creating a hard

More information

Heart Failure Clinical Pathway

Heart Failure Clinical Pathway Patient & Family Guide 2016 Heart Failure Clinical Pathway www.nshealth.ca Heart Failure Clinical Pathway Your hospital stay will follow a written care plan called a Clinical Pathway. The pathway is a

More information

trust clinical guideline

trust clinical guideline CG23 VERSION 1.0 1/7 Guideline ID CG23 Version 1.0 Title Approved by Transient Loss of Consciousness Clinical Effectiveness Group Date Issued 01/01/2013 Review Date 31/12/2016 Directorate Authorised Staff

More information

TOWN OF FAIRFIELD HEALTH DEPARTMENT PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING

TOWN OF FAIRFIELD HEALTH DEPARTMENT PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING TOWN OF FAIRFIELD HEALTH DEPARTMENT PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING PROGRAM: School Health APPROVED BY: Board of Health School Medical Advisor POLICY: With Portable Suction Machine DATE: March 14, 1994 POLICY DEFINITION:

More information

CAMPING CLUB YOUTH FIRST AID

CAMPING CLUB YOUTH FIRST AID CAMPING CLUB YOUTH FIRST AID This document is intended as an aid to training candidates for the Camping Club Youth Test and only covers the core questions. These and other types of situations should be

More information

Tired, Aching Legs? Swollen Ankles? Varicose Veins? An informative guide for patients

Tired, Aching Legs? Swollen Ankles? Varicose Veins? An informative guide for patients Tired, Aching Legs? Swollen Ankles? Varicose Veins? An informative guide for patients Are You at Risk? Leg problems are widespread throughout the world, but what most people don t know is that approximately

More information

1.4.4 Oxyhemoglobin desaturation

1.4.4 Oxyhemoglobin desaturation Critical Care Therapy and Respiratory Care Section Category: Clinical Section: Clinical Monitoring Title: Monitoring of Patients Undergoing Conscious Sedation Policy #: 09 Revised: 05/00 1.0 DESCRIPTION

More information

Section Two: Arterial Pressure Monitoring

Section Two: Arterial Pressure Monitoring Section Two: Arterial Pressure Monitoring Indications An arterial line is indicated for blood pressure monitoring for the patient with any medical or surgical condition that compromises cardiac output,

More information

Cardiac Catheterization (Dye Test)

Cardiac Catheterization (Dye Test) Patient & Family Guide Cardiac Catheterization (Dye Test) 2015 www.nshealth.ca Cardiac Catheterization (Dye Test) What is a cardiac catheterization? This special test tells us how well your heart muscle

More information

Approaching the End of Life. A Guide for Family & Friends

Approaching the End of Life. A Guide for Family & Friends Approaching the End of Life A Guide for Family & Friends Approaching the End of Life A Guide for Family & Friends Patrice Villars, MS, GNP and Eric Widera, MD Introduction In this booklet you will find

More information

POST OPERATIVE AND ANESTHETIC COMPLICATIONS

POST OPERATIVE AND ANESTHETIC COMPLICATIONS POST OPERATIVE AND ANESTHETIC COMPLICATIONS Harold Davis BA, RVT, VTS (ECC) (Anesth.) If you don t look, you won t see. The above quotation best summarizes the goal of post operative/anesthetic nursing

More information

DIAGNOSING SLEEP APNEA. Christie Goldsby Florida State University PHY 3109 04/09/14

DIAGNOSING SLEEP APNEA. Christie Goldsby Florida State University PHY 3109 04/09/14 DIAGNOSING SLEEP APNEA Christie Goldsby Florida State University PHY 3109 04/09/14 Outline of Talk Background information -what is sleep apnea? Diagnosing sleep apnea -polysomnography -respiratory airflow

More information

INSTRUCTOR NOTES: Introduction slide. The program may be taught in a group setting or self taught.

INSTRUCTOR NOTES: Introduction slide. The program may be taught in a group setting or self taught. Introduction slide. The program may be taught in a group setting or self taught. 1 Enabling objectives define the specific knowledge, skills, and/or abilities to be demonstrated, compared, listed, described,

More information