5 5 LETTERS VOWELS SEMI-VOWELS CONSONANTS a /eɪ/ w /ˈdʌbl juː/ b /biː/ e /iː/ y /waɪ/ c /siː/ i /aɪ/ d /diː/ o /əʊ/ f /ef/ u /juː/ g /dʒiː/ h /eɪtʃ/ j /dʒeɪ/ k /keɪ/ l /el/ m /em/ n /en/ p /piː/ q /kjuː/ r /ɑːr/ s /es/ t /tiː/ v /viː/ x /eks/ z /zed/ /eɪ/ /biː/ /ef/ /aɪ/ /əʊ/ /kjuː/ /ɑːʳ/ /eɪtʃ/ /siː/ /el/ /waɪ/ /juː/ /dʒeɪ/ /diː/ /em/ /ˈdʌbl juː/ /keɪ/ /iː/ /en/ /dʒiː/ /es/ /piː/ /eks/ /tiː/ /zed/ /viː/
6 6 MANNER OF ARTICULATION PLOSIVES p b t d k g AFFRICATES tʃ dʒ FRICATIVES f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ h NASALS m n ŋ APPROXIMANTS l r w j PLACE OF ARTICULATION BILABIALS p b m w LABIO-DENTALS f v DENTALS θ ð ALVEOLARS t d s z n l POST- ALVEOLARS tʃ dʒ ʃ ʒ r PALATAL VELARS k g ŋ j GLOTTAL h
7 7 PHONETIC SYMBOLS SHORT VOWELS /e/ LEMON /ˈlemən/ /æ/ CAT /kæt/ /ɪ/ RISK /rɪsk/ /ə/ SISTER /ˈsɪstəʳ/ /ʌ/ CUT /kʌt/ /ʊ/ LOOK /lʊk/ /ɒ/ STRONG /strɒŋ/ LONG VOWELS /iː/ TEAM /tiːm/ /ɜː/ GIRL /gɜːl/ /ɑː/ DANCE /dɑːns/ /uː/ COOL /kuːl/ /ɔː/ TALK /tɔːk/ DIPH-THONGS /eɪ/ TAPE /teɪp/ /əʊ/ GO /gəʊ/ /ɔɪ/ BOY /bɔɪ/ /aɪ/ TIE /taɪ/ /aʊ/ HOUSE /haʊs/ /ɪə/ EAR /ɪəʳ/ /ʊə/ TOUR /tʊəʳ/ /eə/ HAIR /heəʳ/
8 8 PLOSIVES /p/ POOL /puːl/ /b/ BEEN /biːn/ /t/ BOUGHT /bɔːt/ /d/ OXFORD /ˈɒksfəd/ /k/ CALL /kɔːl/ /g/ GOOGLE /ˈguːgl/ FRICATIVES /f/ FEEL /fiːl/ /v/ VILLA /ˈvɪlə/ /θ/ METHOD /ˈmeθəd/ /ð/ THIS /ðɪs/ /s/ PASS /pɑːs/ /z/ CAUSE /kɔːz/ /ʃ/ SHOE /ʃuː/ /ʒ/ TELEVISION /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ /h/ HAPPY /ˈhæpi/ AFFRICATES NASALS /tʃ/ BEACH /biːtʃ/ /dʒ/ JEEP /dʒiːp/ /m/ PROBLEM /ˈprɒbləm/ /n/ KEEN /kiːn/ /ŋ/ KANGAROO /ˌkæŋgəˈruː/ APPROXIMANTS /l/ LAZY /ˈleɪzi/ /r/ RISK /rɪsk/ /w/ WELCOME /ˈwelkəm/ /j/ YOGA /ˈjəʊgə/
9 9 VOWEL SOUNDS-SPELLING MATCH SHORT PHONEMES e /e/ smell /smel/ a /æ/ back /bæk/ i /ɪ/ kiss /kɪs/ a, e, i, o, u /ə/ computer /kəmˈpjuːtəʳ/ u /ʌ/ run /rʌn/ u pull /pʊl/ /ʊ/ oo foot /fʊt/ o /ɒ/ hot /hɒt/ LONG PHONEMES ee ea e /iː/ keep beach we /kiːp/ /biːtʃ/ /wiː/ er ir ur wor /ɜː/ Turkey skirt person word /ˈtɜːki/ /skɜːt/ /ˈpɜːsn/ /wɜːk/ ar as /ɑː/ car pass /kɑːʳ/ /pɑːs/ oo ew u /uː/ school flew future /skuːl/ /fluː/ /ˈfjuːtʃə r / or al aw /ɔː/ born talk saw /bɔːn/ /tɔːk/ /sɔː/ y /i/ dirty /ˈdɜːti/ u(a) /u/ actually /ˈæktʃuəli/
10 10 DIPH-THONG SOUNDS eer ere ear /ɪə/ beer here near /bɪəʳ/ /hɪəʳ/ /nɪəʳ/ ur /ʊə/ sure tour /ʃʊəʳ/ /tʊəʳ/ air are /eə/ hair share /heəʳ/ /ʃeəʳ/ a-e ai ay /eɪ/ make train say /meɪk/ /treɪn/ /seɪ/ oi oy /ɔɪ/ noise toy /nɔɪz/ /tɔɪ/ i-e y igh /aɪ/ bike my night /baɪk/ /maɪ/ /naɪt/ o-e oa o ol /əʊ/ nose boat go cold /nəʊz/ /bəʊt/ /gəʊ/ /kəʊld/ ou ow /aʊ/ shout now /ʃaʊt/ /naʊ/ NOTE: SPELLING PRONUNCIATION Sing /sɪŋ/ Singing /ˈsɪŋɪŋ/ Singer /ˈsɪŋər/
11 11 CONSONANT SOUNDS - SPELLING MATCH VOICED CONSONANTS (SOFT) SPELLINGS PHONEMES WORDS PRONUNCIATION b baby /ˈbeɪbi/ /b/ bb rabbit /ˈræbɪt/ j ge dge /dʒ/ jacket language bridge /ˈdʒækɪt/ /ˈlæŋgwɪdʒ/ /brɪdʒ/ d dad /dæd/ /d/ dd address /əˈdres/ th /ð/ that /ðæt/ g girl /gɜːl/ /g/ gg bigger /ˈbɪgəʳ/ si decision /dɪˈsɪʒn/ /ʒ/ su leisure /ˈleʒəʳ/ l leg /leg/ /l/ ll killing /ˈkɪlɪŋ/ m my /maɪ/ /m/ mm summer /ˈsʌməʳ/ n nose /nəʊz/ /n/ nn dinner /ˈdɪnəʳ/ ng king /kɪŋ/ /ŋ/ nk thank /θæŋk/ r right /raɪt/ /r/ rr married /ˈmærid/ v /v/ visit /ˈvɪzɪt/ u w wh /w/ quiz wait what /kwɪz/ /weɪt/ /wɒt/ human /ˈhjuːmən/ u /j/ unit /ˈjuːnɪt/ y year /jɪəʳ/ z zoo /zuː/ /z/ s busy /ˈbɪzi/
12 12 VOICELESS CONSONANTS (HARD) SPELLINGS PHONEMES EXAMPLES PRONUNCIATION ch tch tur /tʃ/ church match natural /tʃɜːtʃ/ /mætʃ/ /ˈnætʃrəl/ f ff ph /f/ flower different elephant /ˈflaʊəʳ/ /ˈdɪfrənt/ /ˈelɪfənt/ h /h/ house /haʊs/ c cat /kæt/ k skirt /skɜːt/ /k/ ck nick /nɪk/ q queue /kjuː/ p pen /pen/ /p/ pp apple /ˈæpl/ s fast /fɑːst/ ss kissing /ˈkɪsɪŋ/ /s/ ci cinema /ˈsɪnəmə/ ce nice /naɪs/ sh she /ʃiː/ /ʃ/ ti action /ˈækʃn/ t tell /tel/ /t/ tt cutting /ˈkʌtɪŋ/ th /θ/ thing /θɪŋ/
62 62 -passport -past -path -plant -sample -task -vast /ˈpɑːspɔːt/ /pɑːst/ /pɑːθ/ /plɑːnt/ /ˈsɑːmpl/ /tɑːsk/ /vɑːst/ NOTE: Back vowel sound = velar /ɑ/ /pɑːs/ /fɑːst/ Front vowel sound = palatal /a/ /faɪn/ /haʊs/ Short vowel sound = middle /ʌ/ /kʌt/ /bʌt/ SOME WORDS HAVE TWO WEAK FORMS FUNCTION WORDS BEFORE a CONSONANT BEFORE a VOWEL the /ðə/ /ði/ to /tə/ /tʊ/ The letter e is not pronounced at the end of a word. Read /riːd/ Read /red/ Read /red/
First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he
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