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1 LESSON 24 TEACHER S GUIDE by Samantha Rabe Fountas-Pinnell Level L Informational Text Selection Summary live in groups called a colony in a nest known as a hive. A colony has one queen bee, thousands of worker bees, and a few hundred drones. Bees collect pollen and nectar, which they turn into honey. The life cycle of honeybees, like that of other insects, goes from egg to larva to pupa to adult. Characteristics of the Text Genre Informational Text Text Structure Content Themes and Ideas Language and Literary Features Sentence Complexity Vocabulary Words Illustrations Book and Print Features Table of contents Section headings that indicate content Honey production life cycle An insect s life cycle involves changes in form. live in communities and have different jobs like people. Simple, straightforward language Writer talks directly to the reader: You may have heard bees buzzing around on warm days. A mix of short and more complex sentences Prepositional phrases: When worker bees leave the hive Content words, some of which are defi ned in text: colony, queen bee, honeycombs, pollen, nectar, larva, larvae, pupa, pupae, cocoons, swarm Target vocabulary words highlighted in text Words labeled in photographs Multisyllable words, some of which may be diffi cult: honeycombs, threatens, several Photos on every page that support the text Diagram of the honeybee life cycle Nine pages of text, with photos on every page Section headings indicate content Labels on photos identify content vocabulary Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H. Number of Words: 379 Copyright by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner unless such copying is expressly permitted by federal copyright law. Permission is hereby granted to individual teachers using the corresponding (discipline) Leveled Readers to photocopy student worksheets from this publication in classroom quantities for instructional use and not for resale. Requests for information on other matters regarding duplication of this work should be addressed to Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, Attn: Contracts, Copyrights, and Licensing, 9400 SouthPark Center Loop, Orlando, Florida Printed in the U.S.A If you have received these materials as examination copies free of charge, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company retains title to the materials and they may not be resold. Resale of examination copies is strictly prohibited. Possession of this publication in print format does not entitle users to convert this publication, or any portion of it, into electronic format.

2 by Samantha Rabe Build Background Read the title to children and talk with them about bees. Encourage children to use their knowledge of bees to think about the book. Ask questions such as the following: Are you afraid of bees? What kinds of things have you seen bees doing? Introduce the Text Guide children through the text, noting important ideas, and helping with unfamiliar language and vocabulary so they can read the text successfully. Here are some suggestions: Page 2: Explain that this book gives facts about honeybees and their life cycle how a bee gets from egg to adult. Remind children that a table of contents lists the sections of a book and the page on which the section begins. Suggested language: Look at the table of contents on page 2. If you wanted to read about worker bees, what page would you turn to? Page 4: Look at the photo. What is happening on this tree branch? The label says hive. A honeybee s nest is called a hive. How does the photo help you know what a hive looks like? What would you do if you saw one? Page 5: Find the section heading, Kinds of. How many different kinds of bees are in the photo? One kind of bee are drones. Drones help the queen bee. Say drones. What two letters do you expect to see at the beginning of the word? Find the highlighted word drones on the page. Page 9: Remind children that diagrams are a simple way of showing what the text describes. The title of this diagram is Life Cycle of a Honeybee. How does the diagram help you understand the different stages of a honeybee? Which picture looks like a bee you recognize? Now go back to the beginning and read about the world of honeybees. Learn More Words drone hive 2 Lesson 24:

3 Read Have children read silently while you listen to individual children read. Support their problem solving and fluency as needed. Respond to the Text Personal Response Ask children to share their personal responses to the book. Begin by asking what they liked best about the book, or what they found interesting. Suggested language: What did you learn about honeybees that you didn t know before? What did you find surprising about honeybees? Ways of Thinking As you discuss the text, make sure children understand these teaching points: Thinking Within the Text Thinking Beyond the Text Thinking About the Text live in a group called a colony in a nest called a hive. A colony of bees has one queen bee, thousands of worker bees, and a few hundred drones. Bees gather pollen and nectar to eat and to make honey. An insect s life cycle involves changes in form. Insects can be interesting to learn about. Bees have different jobs in their community like people do. Labels in the photos help readers understand what is shown. The author makes it easy to understand how honeybees grow from an egg into an adult. The author believes that honeybees are important in nature and useful to people Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H. Choices for Support Fluency Invite children to choose a passage from the text to read aloud. Have them demonstrate appropriate stress on words, pausing and phrasing, intonation, and use of punctuation. Phonics and Word Work Provide practice as needed with words and sounds, using one of the following activities: Build Sentences Materials: index cards. Write high-frequency words and the content words drone and hive from on index cards. Have children build sentences using the word cards. Have them read the sentences aloud and illustrate them if they wish. Compound Words Materials: whiteboards, markers. Write these compound words from the story on the board: honeybee, honeycomb, and anything. On their whiteboards, have children write the two words that make up each compound word. 3 Lesson 24:

4 Writing About Reading Critical Thinking Read the directions for children on BLM 24.9 and guide them in answering the questions. Responding Read aloud the questions at the back of the book and help children complete the activities. Target Comprehension ension Skill Sequence of Events Remind children that when they read, they can look for details that tell the order in which things happen. Model how to think about the sequence of events in a book: Think Aloud How do I figure out what happens, first, next, and last? I know that a queen bee lays an egg. That s the first thing that happens to create a new honeybee. On page 8 I read that the egg hatches into a larva after three days. That s the next thing that happens. To find out what happens next, I ll read on and look for more details. I know the last thing that happens is that the bees come out of their cocoons. Practice the Skill Have children tell the order in which things happened in another nonfiction book they read. Writing Prompt Read aloud the following prompt. Have children write their response, using the writing prompt on page 6. Which kind of honeybee do you think is most important the queen, workers, or drones? Write a paragraph that tells what you think and why. 4 Lesson 24:

5 Read directions to children. English Language Learners Reading Support Check regularly on children s oral reading to determine accuracy, fluency, and comprehension. Oral Language Development Check the children s comprehension, using a dialogue that best matches their English proficiency level. Speaker 1 is the teacher, Speaker 2 is the child. Beginning/ Early Intermediate Intermediate Early Advanced/ Advanced Speaker 1: What is this book about? Speaker 2: honeybees Speaker 1: What is a honeybee s nest called? Speaker 2: a hive Speaker 1: What does a queen bee do? Speaker 2: She lays eggs. Speaker 1: How do worker bees protect the hive? Speaker 2: They sting anything that attacks it. Speaker 1: What do worker bees gather from flowers? Speaker 2: They gather nectar and pollen. Speaker 1: What are the four stages in a honeybee s life cycle? Speaker 2: A larva hatches from an egg. It eats and grows, and then worker bees seal it into a cell. Then it is called a pupa. In a few days, the pupa turns into an adult bee. Name Lesson 24 BLACKLINE MASTER 24.9 Write an answer to the question. Responses may vary. 1. What happens if someone bothers a honeybee hive? Worker bees fly out and sting. Making Connections Think about the best thing you learned about honeybees. Write some sentences that tell what you learned.. All rights reserved. 11, Unit 5: Watch us Grow 5 Lesson 24:

6 Name Date Which kind of honeybee do you think is most important the queen, workers, or drones? Write a paragraph that tells what you think and why. 6 Lesson 24:

7 Name Lesson 24 BLACKLINE MASTER 24.9 Write an answer to the question. 1. What happens if someone bothers a honeybee hive? Making Connections Think about the best thing you learned about honeybees. Write some sentences that tell what you learned. 7 Lesson 24:

8 Student Date Lesson 24 BLACKLINE MASTER LEVEL L Running Record Form page Selection Text Errors Self-Corrections 6 Worker Bess Worker bess build honeycombs inside the hive. There are small openings in the combs called cells. The queen lays eggs in some cells. Worker bees protect the hive, too. They will sting anything that threatens it. 7 When worker bees leave the hive, they land on flowers and sip a sweet juice called nectar. Comments: Accuracy Rate (# words read correctly/55 100) % Total Self- Corrections Behavior Code Error Read word correctly cat 0 Repeated word, sentence, or phrase Omission cat 0 cat 1 Behavior Code Error Substitution cut cat 1 Self-corrects cut sc cat Insertion the ˆcat 1 Word told T 1 cat Lesson 24:

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