Chapter 21 Practice Quiz

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1 Chapter 21 Practice Quiz Use this picture to answer questions 1-4: 1. Harper's Weekly magazine printed this picture of a slave auction in the South in Who is being auctioned off as property? A. A. African American men only B. B. African American men and women C. C. African American men, women, and children D. D. African American women only

2 2. In 1861 seven states left the Union and formed the Confederate States of America (CSA). The artist drew the CSA's first official flag to show that A. A. the scene took place in the South. B. B. the scene took place after secession. C. C. slavery took place in the South. D. D. all of the above 3. Locate the man in the black suit and hat. Based on the setting and date of the scene and your knowledge of Section 21.2, what was this man doing? A. A. trying to get signatures on an anti-slavery petition B. B. trying to get people to buy the woman and her baby C. C. protesting slavery as immoral and unconstitutional D. D. trying to get support for the Tallmadge Amendment 4. Between 1820 and 1860, Americans were divided over A. the Tallmadge Amendment. B. admitting Alabama as a slave state. C. the issue of slavery. D. the process of adding new states to the Union. Use this transcript to answer questions 5-8: Transcript of the Missouri Compromise An Act to authorize the people of the Missouri territory to form a constitution and state government, and for the admission of such state into the Union on an equal footing with the original states, and to prohibit slavery in certain territories. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the inhabitants of that portion of the Missouri territory included within the boundaries herein after designated, be, and they are hereby, authorized to form for themselves a constitution and state government, and to assume such name as they shall deem proper; and the said state, when formed, shall be admitted into the Union, upon an equal footing with the original states, in all respects whatsoever.... Section 8.

3 And be it further enacted. That in all that territory ceded by France to the United States, under the name of Louisiana, which lies north of thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes north latitude, not included within the limits of the state, contemplated by this act, slavery and involuntary servitude... shall be, and is hereby, forever prohibited: Provided always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labour or service is lawfully claimed, in any state or territory of the United States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labour or service as aforesaid. APPROVED, March 6, What did the Missouri Compromise authorize the people of the Missouri territory to do? A. vote on becoming a state B. form a state government C. vote on allowing slavery D. decide the size of their state 6. Which of the following was a provision of the Missouri Compromise? A. Missouri could join the Union as a slave state. B. Missouri could join the Union as a free state. C. Maine could join the Union as a slave state. D. Maine and Missouri could join the Union as slave states. 7. Why did abolitionists protest the "gag rule" of 1836? A. It prevented abolitionists from speaking against slavery. B. It silenced congressional debate about slavery. C. It attempted to ban abolitionist ideas in Missouri. D. It banned attacks against slavery in newspapers. 8. Congress passed the Missouri Compromise in What happened in 1849 that threatened to upset the balance between slave states and free states? A. California applied for admission to the Union as a free state. B. The people of Missouri voted to secede from the United States. C. Congress approved the Wilmot Proviso banning slavery in the Mexican Cession. D. Southerners succeeded in opening all of the Mexican Cession to slavery.

4 Use this picture to answer questions 9-12: 9. The Fugitive Slave Act was passed as part of the Compromise of To whom was this poster addressed? A. enslaved African Americans in the South B. watchmen and police officers in Boston C. free African Americans in Boston D. slave catchers in the South 10. Why did the poster warn free African Americans to avoid watchmen and police officers? A. Free African Americans were at risk of being enslaved. B. Watchmen and police officers had the authority to capture escaped slaves. C. Free African Americans were being hired as slave catchers. D. all of the above

5 11. Who most likely created the poster? A. abolitionists B. the mayor of Boston C. the Boston police D. slave catchers 12. Why did New England poet Ralph Waldo Emerson say that the Fugitive Slave Act made "slave catchers of us all"? A. The act said that citizens must capture at least one slave or pay higher taxes to the government. B. The act resulted in the capture of tens of thousands of escaped slaves living in the North. C. The act said that people who helped escaped slaves or refused to aid slave catchers could be jailed. D. The act forced free African Americans to capture escaped slaves or become slaves themselves. Use this picture to answer questions 13-16:

6 13. This picture of Abraham Lincoln was taken about Based on what you know from the chapter, which statement is accurate about this picture? A. The picture was taken after Lincoln became president. B. The picture was taken before the Missouri Compromise. C. The picture was taken after the Supreme Court decided the Dred Scott case. D. The picture was taken before the Kansas-Nebraska Act. 14. Abraham Lincoln ran for the U.S. Senate in In the campaign, Lincoln spoke against the Dred Scott decision. The Dred Scott decision said that A. the time Scott spent in a free state made him a free man. B. African Americans had the same rights as whites. C. African Americans were not citizens. D. free African Americans were citizens. 15. The main issue of the Lincoln-Douglas debates was A. John Brown's raid. B. the future of slavery. C. who would be the best senator from Illinois. D. who would be the best president in the 1860 election. 16. During the Lincoln-Douglas debates, Lincoln's view of slavery was that A. it was a legal issue. B. the nation could continue as half-free and half-slave. C. slavery would cause the Union to dissolve. D. it was a moral issue.

7 Use this paragraph to answer questions 17-20: In 1861, seven southern states left the Union and formed the Confederate States of America (CSA). Compare the text from the CSA constitution with the U.S. Constitution. Constitution of the Confederate States of America Preamble We, the people of the Confederate States, each State acting in its sovereign and independent character, in order to form a permanent federal government, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity invoking the favor and guidance of Almighty God do ordain and establish this Constitution for the Confederate States of America. Article 1. The Legislative Branch Section 1. The Legislature 1. All legislative powers herein delegated shall be vested in a Congress of the Confederate States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.... Article 2. The Executive Branch Section 1. The President 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the Confederate States of America. He and the Vice President shall hold their offices for the term of six years; but the President shall not be reeligible.... Article 3. The Judicial Branch Section 1. Judicial powers 1. The judicial power of the Confederate States shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may, from time to time, ordain and establish. The judges, both of the Supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.... Article 4. The States Section 1. Each State to Honor all others 1. Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State; and the Congress may, by general laws, prescribe the manner in which such acts, records, and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof. Section 2. State citizens, Extradition 1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States; and shall have the right of transit and sojourn in any State of this Confederacy, with their slaves and other property; and the right of property in said slaves shall not be thereby impaired How is the preamble of the CSA constitution similar to the preamble of the U.S. Constitution? A. Both included the phrase "in order to form a more perfect Union." B. Both listed goals of government, such as ensuring domestic tranquility. C. Neither included the phrase "We the people." D. Both gave the reasons for separating from a mother country.

8 18. In which way is the CSA constitution similar to the U.S. Constitution? A. They both established three branches of government. B. They both set up one house of Congress. C. They both allowed the Supreme Court to create lower courts. D. Neither of them created an office of the vice president. 19. How is the term of office for the president in Article 2 of the CSA constitution different from that in Article II of the U.S. Constitution? A. The CSA constitution set a three-year term, and the U.S. Constitution set a term of four years. B. The CSA constitution set a six-year term, and the U.S. Constitution set a term of four years. C. The CSA constitution set a six-year term, and the U.S. Constitution set a term of two years. D. The CSA constitution did not limit the president's term, and the U.S. Constitution did. 20. In the CSA constitution, read Article 4, Section 2, Clause 1. Which of the following is accurate about this clause? A. It safeguarded the rights of slaves, who were recognized as citizens. B. It said that ownership of slaves must be transferred to the federal government of the CSA. C. It prohibited citizens from moving their slaves to another state in the CSA. D. It protected the right of citizens to own slaves, who were treated as property.

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