LAWS AND GUIDELINES REGARDING YOUR INVOLVEMENT IN SHAPING HEALTH POLICY

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "LAWS AND GUIDELINES REGARDING YOUR INVOLVEMENT IN SHAPING HEALTH POLICY"

Transcription

1 LAWS AND GUIDELINES REGARDING YOUR INVOLVEMENT IN SHAPING HEALTH POLICY It has generally been accepted that educating federal decision makers is not lobbying, but. Rather, a safe harbor of permissible activity under federal law. A half-step between educating and lobbying is advocacy, which might be expressed as general support for a cause without seeking a specific policy outcome or decision. However, neither education nor advocacy has been defined in law in the context of describing permissible activity. Educating typically implies the communication of facts, data, reports, studies, program descriptions, budget information, effects on population, and other information without making a specific recommendation on a piece of pending legislation, appropriations, regulation, or policy decision. From a federal perspective, this conveyance of factual information is considered acceptable in all circumstances. However, state administrative policies may bar any contact with federal officials, even though, from the standpoint of federal laws, educational activities are always permitted. Lobbying has been defined in law. Lobbying laws define permissible communications with members of Congress and key federal officials. Advocacy is a gray area that can imply support for a generalized policy such as clean air without recommending a particular standard in law or regulation. Lobbying entails opposing or recommending a specific policy, law, or standard. So for example, advocacy can support immunization as an effective means of controlling disease, but recommending an increase in population coverage to a specific percentage level or funding the budget at a specific level would be considered lobbying. Advocating strengthening the public health infrastructure is a vague goal and may not be considered lobbying, but recommending a particular budget for a public health program would be considered lobbying. By walking this line between advocating and lobbying, individuals may be able to conduct much of the communication needed to affect a decision without crossing the line that defines lobbying. Communicating how programs operate and serve the public, the history of the program budget, and the unmet need may all be viewed as educating, as long as a specific recommendation is not advanced on a pending decision, such as passing legislation or an appropriation bill. Basic educational information can build an important foundation of support to help a decision maker better understand a program or agency without actually lobbying for the program. State and local public health workers can often be effective by educating or advocating without lobbying. Public health workers who run these programs know them best and are in the best position to advocate for them. Unfortunately, policies often restrict public heath workers from engaging in actual lobbying. Understanding allowable communications with officials may involve the distinction that all lobbying is advocacy, but not all advocacy is lobbying, and education typically is not considered either advocacy or lobbying. To be clear, the preceding guidance on

2 education and advocacy is not legal advice and is not addressed in statute. But it has been a commonly understood practice among organizations engaged in advocacy. Basic advocacy guidelines If you are a state or local health department employee, there are likely to be restrictions on whom you may contact in government and what you are allowed to say. Here are some general guidelines. First, check with your supervisor about whether there is an office policy, state or local administrative rule or law, or other executive order that establishes what types of communication you may have with state or federal officials. You may be barred from having any contact at all, or you may be allowed to provide educational materials, but not allowed to lobby in the strict sense of the term. You may be allowed to lobby on your own time as a private citizen or member of a professional organization. Second, federal laws allow anyone to lobby federal officials, but individuals may not use federal funds to do so. This means you cannot use federal funds to pay travel costs if the sole purpose of the travel is a lobbying meeting. If your position is 100 percent federally funded, you cannot lobby on official time. Federal funds cannot be used to develop lobbying materials. However, there is no restriction on educating with federal funds. Communicating with federal officials to conduct official business, such as the administration of grants and contracts, is exempted from the restrictions on lobbying. Third, federal law requires that individuals who spend more than 20 percent of their time lobbying on behalf of an organization register with the Congress as lobbyists. Organizations that hire lobbyists must also register with Congress. Typically, such organizations must report the name of the hired lobbyist on a Lobbying Disclosure Form when they apply for and receive federal funds in the way of grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements. However, individuals are not required to register as lobbyists if they are educating. Ultimately, federal lobbying law defines all legal communication with decision makers under one of two categories: 1. Communication, activity, and contact that is legally defined as lobbying 2. Communication, activity, and contact that is not legally defied as lobbying Communication, activity, and contact is either one or the other never both. If the action is considered lobbying under federal lobbying law, the act and the person may be required to register with Congress. The Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 does provide for one restricted population that cannot legally engage in unrestricted lobbying without consequences: An organization described in section 501 (c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 which engages in lobbying activities shall not be eligible for the receipt of Federal funds constituting an award, grant, contract, loan, or any other form (Public Law , Section 18).

3 However, even the 501 (c)(4) groups proscribed by this section are able to communicate with covered officials in compliance with the 20 percent rule. Thus, all constituencies are legally allowed to communicate with their representatives in government in a legally definable way. The 20 Percent Rule Explicitly stated, under the 20 percent rule, public health officials may be allowed all types of communications and contacts with covered officials at the federal level, despite being funded in part by monies from the federal government to support public health activities. They just cannot use federal funds for lobbying activities. This means that they cannot use federal grant funds to travel for lobbying purposes or the portion of their salary paid for by federal funds to engage in lobbying. If state policies or laws prohibit contact with the Congressional delegation, public health officials may be permitted to meet with and lobby the delegation as members of a professional organization and not on behalf of the state or local health department. Operating well within the constraints of the law, public health officials can effectively shape and positively address the nation s public health policy issues. The Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 Definitions Understanding the terminology of the law is the foundation for its application. For the purpose of defining lobbying, the germane law is 2 U.S.C. 1602, entitled the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995, and referred to in this discussion as the Act. This act was signed into law by President Clinton on December 19, 1995, and enacted on January 1, (For 501(c)(3) organizations, the germane law is the 1976 lobbying law.) Several terms referenced in the Act help clarify the umbrella term lobbying. Critical among them: Covered official: The Act defines covered officials as members of Congress and all legislative (as opposed to administrative) staff, cabinet secretaries, executive branch political appointees, and other high-level executive branch officials. Lobbyist: The Act defines a lobbyist as any individual who is employed or retained by a client for financial or other compensation for services that include more than one lobbying contact, other than an individual whose lobbying activities constitute less than 20 percent of the time engaged in the services provided by such individual to that client over a six-month period. (For associations with public officials employed by states or receiving federal funding, the 20 percent rule is arguably the most important exception to the definition(s) of lobbying.) Lobbying activity: The Act defines lobbying activity as any action taken in support of a lobbying contact, including planning and preparation, research intended for use during the contact, and coordination with other lobbyists. Lobbying contact: The Act defines lobbying contact as any oral or written communication to a covered legislative or executive branch official regarding the following matters: The formulation, modification, or adoption of federal legislation, including legislative proposals, or of executive branch policies, including rules, regulations, and executive orders The administration or execution of a federal program or policy

4 The nomination or confirmation of any person who requires Senate confirmation The Law in Real Terms The real effect of the Lobbying Disclosure Act (or Act) has been to increase the number of persons filing as registered lobbyists, increase public transparency with regard to the quantity and direction of lobbying, and as a collateral effect, to foster a perception of the Act as an obstruction to those unfamiliar with the law and its statutory limitations. As the Act itself states: Nothing in this Act shall be construed to prohibit, or to authorize any court to prohibit, lobby activities or lobbying contacts by any person or entity, regardless of whether such person or entity is in compliance with the requirement of this Act (PL , Section 8 [b]). However, the Act does, in real terms, restrict the legal boundaries of what public health officials are permitted to do. The restrictive aspect of the Act with regard to public health officials is contained in 18 U.S.C This section prevents the use of federal funds for lobbying purposes, as defined by law. The statute reads: No part of the money appropriated by any enactment of Congress shall be used directly or indirectly to pay for influence in any manner a Member of Congress. Similar law is stated in Title 31, U.S. Code, Section 1352, entitled Limitation on use of appropriated funds to influence certain Federal contracting and financial transactions, which generally prohibits recipients of federal grants and cooperative agreements from using federal (appropriated) funds for lobbying the executive or legislative branches in connection with a specific grant or cooperative agreement. Section 1352 also requires that each person who requests or receives a grant or cooperative agreement must disclose lobbying undertaken with non-federal (non-appropriated) funds. Thus, the law has established that federal dollars cannot be directly used for activities defined as a lobbying contact, which include communications on formulation, modification, or adoption of federal legislation, including legislative proposals, or of executive branch policies, including rules, regulations, and executive orders. This law is generally applicable to state employees whose agencies or programs are the recipients of federal grants, with certain exceptions. Public health officials retain wide latitudes in which they can communicate, and in certain cases, strongly advocate, their positions on federal policies. For example, recall that organizations or individuals are only considered lobbyists when 20 percent or more of their compensated time is spent on lobbying activities (Public Law , Section 3 [10]). Thus, if no one person in an organization spends more than 19 percent of her or his time on lobbying activities, the requirement to register as a lobbyist is not triggered. In a typical situation involving a public health association, the purpose of understanding the 20 percent rule is a matter of whether an organization or an individual has to register as a lobbyist with the Congress, and it may then also have bearing on the organization s tax status. Typically, in order to maintain a 501(c)(3) status, an organization cannot use more than 20 percent of its budget on lobbying or political activity such as campaigning.

5 Questions to ask regarding Administrative Policies In many cases, the biggest boundaries faced by state health department employees are the Administrative policies implemented by the governor s office and state agency leaders. The following is a list of potential questions that state health department employees should ask when trying to work within administrative policies. What is the administration s policy on interaction with legislators? Can I proactively advocate and educate? Typically, the governor s administration changes every four to eight years. However, the perception of a state employee s role may not be questioned when an administration change occurs. For example, twenty years ago a governor told his cabinet secretaries that their employees were not allowed to make contact with any state or federal legislators. Twenty years later, no state health employees have sought to update the rule. Thus, they are still following this mandate, passing up opportunities to educate decision makers by participating in forum or organized trips to Washington, D.C. Can partners really help influence state and federal legislators? The simple answer is yes. Partners can be anyone you work with collectively to achieve a common goal. Partners are fellow agencies, outside organizations, individuals, and even legislators. Partners may perform tasks, such as advocacy, that administrative rules prohibit health department employees from doing. It is critical to develop a trusting relationship with your partners, as they become the face of the issue you are ultimately supporting. Trust also allows you to eliminate any differences of opinion and to work together in a collaborative manner. Partners can help by providing the following: Access to personal testimony on how a public health program has affected individuals and their family life A grass-roots advocacy network to contact and influence both state and federal decision makers Information provided directly to decision makers through letters, events, telephone calls, and personal meetings An opportunity to facilitate a meeting, roundtable, or conference where decision makers can be exposed to your expertise Does it matter when a health policy initiative is launched? Timing is very important. It is self-defeating to announce a health campaign that will save many lives but cost the state more money during the same week it is announced that the state is in a financial crisis. However, announcing a campaign that will save state funds would be most appropriate at precisely this time. Funding will always be an issue. Departments need to set internal priorities, so during a financial crisis; partners are not confused or discouraged by internal conflicts.

Lobbying and ALA: Fact Sheet

Lobbying and ALA: Fact Sheet Lobbying and ALA: Fact Sheet The American Library Association is a nonprofit association exempt from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code the section of the IRS

More information

The Nuts and Bolts of Lobbying for 501(c)(3) and 501(c)(6) Exempt Organizations

The Nuts and Bolts of Lobbying for 501(c)(3) and 501(c)(6) Exempt Organizations The Nuts and Bolts of Lobbying for 501(c)(3) and 501(c)(6) Exempt Organizations December 13, 2011 Alexandra Megaris, Esq. Janice M. Ryan, Esq. Venable LLP 2008 Venable LLP 1 IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT

More information

Knowing the Rules for Nonprofit Lobbying

Knowing the Rules for Nonprofit Lobbying Knowing the Rules for Nonprofit Lobbying Please note that the information in this section comes from The Nonprofit Lobbying Guide by Bob Smucker (second edition, 1999) and the Internal Revenue Service

More information

Q: What is the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995?

Q: What is the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995? FEDERAL LOBBYING REPORT REQUIREMENTS & RESTRICTIONS FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS LD 2: DISCLOSURE OF LOBBYING EXPENSES The State University of New York March 2012 Q: What is the Lobbying Disclosure Act of

More information

Lobbying Disclosure Act: A Brief Synopsis of Key Components

Lobbying Disclosure Act: A Brief Synopsis of Key Components Buyers Up Congress Watch Critical Mass Global Trade Watch Health Research Group Litigation Group Joan Claybrook, President Lobbying Disclosure Act: A Brief Synopsis of Key Components What is a Lobbyist?

More information

It s The Law. The Restrictions On The Use Of Grant Funds For Lobbying And Other Political Activity by Edward Sharp. Federal Assistance Law Division

It s The Law. The Restrictions On The Use Of Grant Funds For Lobbying And Other Political Activity by Edward Sharp. Federal Assistance Law Division It s The Law Office of the Assistant General Counsel for Finance and Litigation Federal Assistance Law Division Vol 12 March 31, 1999 The Restrictions On The Use Of Grant Funds For Lobbying And Other Political

More information

FEDERAL AND STATE GOVERNMENT LOBBYING POLICY

FEDERAL AND STATE GOVERNMENT LOBBYING POLICY FEDERAL AND STATE GOVERNMENT LOBBYING POLICY I. INTRODUCTION The Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995, which was amended by the Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007, requires the disclosure of

More information

Federal & Rhode Island Reporting and Registration Requirements Related to Lobbying Activity KLR Not-for-Profit Services Group June 2014

Federal & Rhode Island Reporting and Registration Requirements Related to Lobbying Activity KLR Not-for-Profit Services Group June 2014 Federal & Rhode Island Reporting and Registration Requirements Related to Lobbying Activity KLR Not-for-Profit Services Group June 2014 www.kahnlitwin.com Boston Cambridge Newport Providence Shanghai Waltham

More information

MEMORANDUM. Contacts with Federal Elected Officials and Agencies/New Reporting Requirements

MEMORANDUM. Contacts with Federal Elected Officials and Agencies/New Reporting Requirements MEMORANDUM TO: Vice Presidents Campus Deans and Directors From: Kathryn Buettner Vice President - External Affairs CC: President John Peters Date: April 15, 2009 Re: Contacts with Federal Elected Officials

More information

WellCare Health Plans, Inc. Lobbying, Government Ethics & Political Activity Policy

WellCare Health Plans, Inc. Lobbying, Government Ethics & Political Activity Policy WellCare Health Plans, Inc. Lobbying, Government Ethics & Political Activity Policy Background/Purpose: 1. PREAMBLE WellCare Health Plans, Inc., and its affiliates and subsidiaries (collectively, WellCare

More information

Advocacy Restrictions and Limitations on Federally Funded Health Centers

Advocacy Restrictions and Limitations on Federally Funded Health Centers Advocacy Restrictions and Limitations on Federally Funded Health Centers Questions and Answers on Health Center Lobbying Q. What is lobbying? A. As a general matter, "lobbying" is an attempt to influence

More information

Effective 501(c)(3) Lobbying:

Effective 501(c)(3) Lobbying: Effective 501(c)(3) Lobbying: 501(h) Election, No Substantial Part, and Creating Related Lobbying Organizations 2008 Venable LLP 1 501(c)(3) Lobbying Limits Lobbying restriction: Section 501(c)(3) of the

More information

MASSACHUSETTS LOBBYING, REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Foley Hoag LLP Tad Heuer and Pat Cerundolo

MASSACHUSETTS LOBBYING, REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Foley Hoag LLP Tad Heuer and Pat Cerundolo Last Updated: October 2013 MASSACHUSETTS LOBBYING, REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Foley Hoag LLP Tad Heuer and Pat Cerundolo Table of Contents 1. Federal Registration and Reporting 2. Massachusetts Registration

More information

Best Buy Political Activity &

Best Buy Political Activity & Page 1 of 7 A. Policy Overview Purpose: This policy seeks to educate employees on political activity as it pertains to employment with Best Buy as a U.S.-domiciled company. Best Buy encourages employees

More information

CALIFORNIA LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Steptoe & Johnson LLP (California) Dave Roll. Foley Hoag LLP (Federal) Tad Heuer and Pat Cerundolo

CALIFORNIA LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Steptoe & Johnson LLP (California) Dave Roll. Foley Hoag LLP (Federal) Tad Heuer and Pat Cerundolo Last Updated: September 2011 Federal Update: October 2013 CALIFORNIA LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Steptoe & Johnson LLP (California) Dave Roll Foley Hoag LLP (Federal) Tad Heuer and Pat Cerundolo

More information

Questions and Answers about the Federal Lobbying Disclosure Act

Questions and Answers about the Federal Lobbying Disclosure Act Questions and Answers about the Federal Lobbying Disclosure Act The 2007 Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007 (HLOGA) ( Lobbying Act ) requires reporting of all official University federal

More information

SOUTH DAKOTA LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Lynn, Jackson, Shultz & Lebrun, P.C. (South Dakota) Gene N. Lebrun

SOUTH DAKOTA LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Lynn, Jackson, Shultz & Lebrun, P.C. (South Dakota) Gene N. Lebrun Last Updated: June 2012 Federal Update: October 2013 SOUTH DAKOTA LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Lynn, Jackson, Shultz & Lebrun, P.C. (South Dakota) Gene N. Lebrun Foley Hoag LLP (Federal) Tad Heuer

More information

Lobbying Q&A. Spring 2011 CAPLAW ... QUESTION #1 ... QUESTION #

Lobbying Q&A. Spring 2011 CAPLAW ... QUESTION #1 ... QUESTION # CAPLAW Lobbying Q&A By Anita Lichtblau, Esq., CAPLAW QUESTION #1 Can Community Action Agencies (CAAs) lobby to influence legislation? Yes, federal laws permit private nonprofit 501(c)(3) CAAs to lobby.

More information

LIMITATIONS ON POLITICAL AND LOBBYING ACTIVITIES OF CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS

LIMITATIONS ON POLITICAL AND LOBBYING ACTIVITIES OF CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS LIMITATIONS ON POLITICAL AND LOBBYING ACTIVITIES OF CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS Davis Wright Tremaine LLP Suite 2200 1201 Third Avenue Seattle, Washington 98101-3045 http://www.dwt.com/practc/teo_group/teo_group.cfm

More information

TEXAS LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Baker Botts LLP (Texas) Foley Hoag LLP (Federal) Tad Heuer and Pat Cerundolo

TEXAS LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Baker Botts LLP (Texas) Foley Hoag LLP (Federal) Tad Heuer and Pat Cerundolo Last Updated: January 2010 Federal Update: October 2013 TEXAS LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Baker Botts LLP (Texas) Foley Hoag LLP (Federal) Tad Heuer and Pat Cerundolo Table of Contents 1. Federal

More information

Lobbying by Section 501(c)(3) Organizations: Legal Issues

Lobbying by Section 501(c)(3) Organizations: Legal Issues Lobbying by Section 501(c)(3) Organizations: Legal Issues By Brad Caftel bcaftel@insightcced.org June 2004 Table of Contents Sources of Restrictions... 1 Federal Income Tax Laws (affecting public charities)

More information

How Can Foundations Engage in Advocacy & Lobbying?

How Can Foundations Engage in Advocacy & Lobbying? How Can Foundations Engage in Advocacy & Lobbying? The new charities law passed by Congress in 2006 is a strong reminder of how legislators can quickly and powerfully affect philanthropy, and of how important

More information

NEW YORK LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Day Pitney LLP (New York) Jill A. Collins and Jennifer M. Pagnillo

NEW YORK LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Day Pitney LLP (New York) Jill A. Collins and Jennifer M. Pagnillo Last Updated: January 2012 Federal Update: October 2013 NEW YORK LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Day Pitney LLP (New York) Jill A. Collins and Jennifer M. Pagnillo Foley Hoag LLP (Federal) Tad Heuer

More information

LOBBYING AND COMMUNICATIONS BY FACULTY AND STAFF WITH FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS

LOBBYING AND COMMUNICATIONS BY FACULTY AND STAFF WITH FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS Responsible University Official: Special Assistant to the President for Government Relations Responsible Office: Government Relations Origination Date: January 19, 2010 LOBBYING AND COMMUNICATIONS BY FACULTY

More information

The Lobbying Reform Working Group The Value and Purpose of Association Lobbying

The Lobbying Reform Working Group The Value and Purpose of Association Lobbying The Lobbying Reform Working Group The Value and Purpose of Association Lobbying I. Overview; Why Associations Matter Every day, associations are creating positive change in the economy and society throughout

More information

Effective advocacy for school leaders. Nine steps to effectively advocate for public education. Ohio School Boards Association

Effective advocacy for school leaders. Nine steps to effectively advocate for public education. Ohio School Boards Association Effective advocacy for school leaders Nine steps to effectively advocate for public education Ohio School Boards Association Introduction The definition of advocacy is the act or process of advocating

More information

CDC Implementation of Anti-Lobbying Provisions

CDC Implementation of Anti-Lobbying Provisions CDC Implementation of Anti-Lobbying Provisions Language included in Section 503 of Division F, Title V, of the FY 12 Consolidated Appropriations Act (P.L. 112-74) reinforces and (in selected respects)

More information

FedEx Corporation. Governmental Contacts and Lobbying Disclosure Compliance Policy

FedEx Corporation. Governmental Contacts and Lobbying Disclosure Compliance Policy FedEx Corporation Governmental Contacts and Lobbying Disclosure Compliance Policy FedEx Corporation (together with its subsidiaries, FedEx ) actively participates in the political process with the ultimate

More information

THE WHITE HOUSE. Office of the Press Secretary. March 20, 2009 MEMORANDUM FOR THE HEADS OF EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES

THE WHITE HOUSE. Office of the Press Secretary. March 20, 2009 MEMORANDUM FOR THE HEADS OF EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary For Immediate Release March 20, 2009 March 20, 2009 MEMORANDUM FOR THE HEADS OF EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES SUBJECT: Ensuring Responsible Spending of

More information

Anti-Lobbying Restrictions for CDC Grantees

Anti-Lobbying Restrictions for CDC Grantees Anti-Lobbying Restrictions for CDC Grantees Language included in Section 503 of Division F, Title V, of the FY 12 Consolidated Appropriations Act (P.L. 112-74, excerpted below) reinforces and (in selected

More information

Last Updated: July 2012 Federal Update: October 2013

Last Updated: July 2012 Federal Update: October 2013 Last Updated: July 2012 Federal Update: October 2013 PUERTO RICO LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING McConnell Valdés LLC (Puerto Rico) Antonio Escudero Viera and Samuel Céspedes Sabater Foley Hoag LLP

More information

Chapter 19 - Frequently Asked Questions

Chapter 19 - Frequently Asked Questions Chapter 19 - Frequently Asked Questions 1. What is a fair and open process? Under N.J.S.A. 19:44A-20.4 et seq., a fair and open process is a competitive process compliant with the rules and restrictions

More information

Doing Public Health in New Jersey: Lawmaking, Advocacy, and Lobbying Kerri McGowan Lowrey, JD, MPH Network for Public Health Law Eastern Region

Doing Public Health in New Jersey: Lawmaking, Advocacy, and Lobbying Kerri McGowan Lowrey, JD, MPH Network for Public Health Law Eastern Region Doing Public Health in New Jersey: Lawmaking, Advocacy, and Lobbying Kerri McGowan Lowrey, JD, MPH Network for Public Health Law Eastern Region NJACCHO/PHACE Advocacy Training Event May 19, 2016 Mercer

More information

U.S Department of Defense Standards of Conduct Office

U.S Department of Defense Standards of Conduct Office U.S Department of Defense Standards of Conduct Office AN ETHICS GUIDE FOR SPECIAL GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES, INCLUDING CONSULTANTS AND EXPERTS (SUCH AS ADVISORY COMMITTEE MEMBERS) At the Department of Defense

More information

The Legislative Process: Your Role

The Legislative Process: Your Role The Legislative Process: Your Role Overview How laws impacting FQHC s are made Advocacy: Shaping what those laws do why? how? ethics! How Laws Impacting FQHC s Are Made State Law by the State Legislature

More information

AMENDMENT: Modification of existing legislation (e.g., Older Americans Act of 1965 as amended 1973); contract; subgrant; budget, etc.

AMENDMENT: Modification of existing legislation (e.g., Older Americans Act of 1965 as amended 1973); contract; subgrant; budget, etc. Grant Terminology ALLOWABLE COST: A cost for which an institution or agency may be reimbursed under a grant or contract with a governmental agency. These are determined by the federal Office of Management

More information

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations Order Code 96-809 A Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations Updated May 7, 2008 Jack H. Maskell Legislative Attorney American Law Division Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations Summary

More information

Considerations When Hiring Executive Branch Employees

Considerations When Hiring Executive Branch Employees Considerations When Hiring Executive Branch Employees Law360, New York (October 25, 2016, 1:21 PM EDT) As the Obama administration winds down, the number of administration officials leaving the government

More information

TORONTO MUNICIPAL CODE CHAPTER 140, LOBBYING. Chapter 140 LOBBYING. ARTICLE I General. 140-3. Restriction on application (persons and organizations).

TORONTO MUNICIPAL CODE CHAPTER 140, LOBBYING. Chapter 140 LOBBYING. ARTICLE I General. 140-3. Restriction on application (persons and organizations). Chapter 140 LOBBYING ARTICLE I General 140-1. Definitions. 140-2. Subsidiary corporation. 140-3. Restriction on application (persons and organizations). 140-4. Restriction on application (not-for-profit

More information

Yes, You Are A Lobbyist

Yes, You Are A Lobbyist Yes, You Are A Lobbyist An Overview of the City of Toronto Lobbyist Registry and How it Applies to You and Your Client Tim Murphy March 5, 2008 Definition of Lobbying 2 Lobbying Is Communicating outside

More information

143B Department of Commerce contracting of functions. (a) Purpose. The purpose of this section is to establish a framework whereby the

143B Department of Commerce contracting of functions. (a) Purpose. The purpose of this section is to establish a framework whereby the 143B-431.01. Department of Commerce contracting of functions. (a) Purpose. The purpose of this section is to establish a framework whereby the Department of Commerce may contract with a North Carolina

More information

LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING IN COLORADO Davis Graham & Stubbs LLP Joel Benson and Erik Estrada 1

LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING IN COLORADO Davis Graham & Stubbs LLP Joel Benson and Erik Estrada 1 Last Updated: January 2010 LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING IN COLORADO Davis Graham & Stubbs LLP Joel Benson and Erik Estrada 1 Table of Contents 1. Federal Registration and Reporting 2. Colorado Registration

More information

Policy Governing Lobbying Activities

Policy Governing Lobbying Activities Policy Governing Lobbying Activities Date: April 1, 2013 Policy Statement Lobbying is a process of communicating with lawmakers and other public officials to advocate and help shape public policy on laws,

More information

FEDERAL TAX REGULATION OF LOBBYING BY SECTION 501(c)(3) ORGANIZATIONS

FEDERAL TAX REGULATION OF LOBBYING BY SECTION 501(c)(3) ORGANIZATIONS FEDERAL TAX REGULATION OF LOBBYING BY SECTION 501(c)(3) ORGANIZATIONS Tomer J. Inbar Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler LLP tinbar@pbwt.com Georgetown Law s 30 th Annual Representing and Managing Tax-Exempt

More information

State Service Commission. Advocacy Methodologies. Highly supportive regulation and policy. Low High. Leadership and Organization Structure

State Service Commission. Advocacy Methodologies. Highly supportive regulation and policy. Low High. Leadership and Organization Structure Advocacy and State Commissions American Association of State Service Commissions Presented by: Kyle Caldwell, ConnectMichigan Alliance Based on presentation created by: Erin Skene, Michigan Nonprofit Association

More information

EDUCATION JOBS FUND Frequently Asked Questions. 2. How will funding be allocated to local education agencies (LEAs)?

EDUCATION JOBS FUND Frequently Asked Questions. 2. How will funding be allocated to local education agencies (LEAs)? August 30, 2010 EDUCATION JOBS FUND Frequently Asked Questions 1. What is the Education Jobs Fund (Ed Jobs) program? The Ed Jobs program is a one-time Federal program that provides $10 billion in assistance

More information

Guidance for Local Authority Members on the Regulation of Lobbying Act 2015

Guidance for Local Authority Members on the Regulation of Lobbying Act 2015 Guidance for Local Authority Members on the Regulation of Lobbying Act 2015 August 2015 Table of Contents Introduction... 3 Objectives of the Regulation of Lobbying Act 2015... 3 Central Role of Lobbying

More information

SOCIETY POLICY PUBLIC AFFAIRS AND PUBLIC STATEMENTS

SOCIETY POLICY PUBLIC AFFAIRS AND PUBLIC STATEMENTS SOCIETY POLICY PUBLIC AFFAIRS AND PUBLIC STATEMENTS I. PREFACE By Law B2.1 states in part that: the Society shall encourage a high standard of citizenship among engineers and their participation in public

More information

ILLINOIS LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Lex Mundi Pro Bono Foundation (Illinois) 1 Kevin G. Frisch

ILLINOIS LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Lex Mundi Pro Bono Foundation (Illinois) 1 Kevin G. Frisch Last Updated: March 2013 Federal Update: October 2013 ILLINOIS LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Lex Mundi Pro Bono Foundation (Illinois) 1 Kevin G. Frisch Foley Hoag LLP (Federal) Tad Heuer and Pat

More information

6Gx13-8A School Board--Powers and Duties CONFLICT OF INTEREST. I. Statutory Provisions

6Gx13-8A School Board--Powers and Duties CONFLICT OF INTEREST. I. Statutory Provisions School Board--Powers and Duties CONFLICT OF INTEREST I. Statutory Provisions School Board members are governed by the statutory provisions contained in the "Code of Ethics for Public Officers and Employees,"

More information

OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH A.1'JD HUMAl'J" SERVICES OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL WASHl:\"GTON, DC 20201 JUN 29 201l TO: Thomas R. Frieden, MD, MPH Director Centers for Disease Control and Prevention FROM: Daniel

More information

CHAPTER Committee Substitute for Senate Bill No. 642

CHAPTER Committee Substitute for Senate Bill No. 642 CHAPTER 2015-56 Committee Substitute for Senate Bill No. 642 An act relating to individuals with disabilities; creating s. 1009.985, F.S.; providing a short title; creating s. 1009.986, F.S.; providing

More information

Public Act No. 15-15

Public Act No. 15-15 Public Act No. 15-15 AN ACT AMENDING THE CODE OF ETHICS FOR LOBBYISTS TO REDEFINE "EXPENDITURE" AND RAISE THE THRESHOLD FOR LOBBYIST REGISTRATION. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives

More information

Lobbying By Nonprofits in Pennsylvania The Rules of the Road August 2014

Lobbying By Nonprofits in Pennsylvania The Rules of the Road August 2014 Lobbying By Nonprofits in Pennsylvania The Rules of the Road August 2014 Lawrence J. Beaser, Esq. Blank Rome LLP One Logan Square Philadelphia, PA 19103 215-569-5510 beaser@blankrome.com The information

More information

U.S Department of Defense Standards of Conduct Office

U.S Department of Defense Standards of Conduct Office U.S Department of Defense Standards of Conduct Office NON-SENIOR EMPLOYEE POST-GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT RESTRICTIONS PURPOSE: This document summarizes the Government ethics rules which may impose certain

More information

GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA SESSION 2015 HOUSE BILL 556 RATIFIED BILL AN ACT TO ENACT THE ACHIEVING A BETTER LIFE EXPERIENCE (ABLE) ACT.

GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA SESSION 2015 HOUSE BILL 556 RATIFIED BILL AN ACT TO ENACT THE ACHIEVING A BETTER LIFE EXPERIENCE (ABLE) ACT. GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA SESSION 2015 HOUSE BILL 556 RATIFIED BILL AN ACT TO ENACT THE ACHIEVING A BETTER LIFE EXPERIENCE (ABLE) ACT. The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts: SECTION 1.

More information

Civics 101: Legislative Process

Civics 101: Legislative Process Civics 101: How Congress Works & How You Can Exercise Your Right to Advocate Jill Ward, Federal Policy Consultant, Campaign for Youth Justice Derek Lawlor, Associate, Covington and Burling LLP Legislative

More information

Increasing Transparency and Levelling the Field: Response to Election Finances Statute Law Amendment Act, 2016

Increasing Transparency and Levelling the Field: Response to Election Finances Statute Law Amendment Act, 2016 Increasing Transparency and Levelling the Field: Response to Election Finances Statute Law Amendment Act, 2016 Guy W. Giorno Presentation to Standing Committee on General Government Queen s Park, Toronto

More information

COMPLYING WITH IRS REGULATIONS ON LOBBYING BY PUBLIC CHARITIES

COMPLYING WITH IRS REGULATIONS ON LOBBYING BY PUBLIC CHARITIES COMPLYING WITH IRS REGULATIONS ON LOBBYING BY PUBLIC CHARITIES Rural School and Community Trust Policy Program 2 So. Main Street PO Box 68 Randolph, VT 05060 www.ruraledu.org July 2000 Complying With IRS

More information

FEDERAL LOBBYING DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS

FEDERAL LOBBYING DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS FEDERAL LOBBYING DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS The federal Honest Leadership and Open Government Act ( HLOGA ) requires the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill to report federal lobbying contacts and

More information

MISSISSIPPI LEGISLATURE REGULAR SESSION 2008

MISSISSIPPI LEGISLATURE REGULAR SESSION 2008 MISSISSIPPI LEGISLATURE REGULAR SESSION 2008 By: Senator(s) Watson, McDaniel, Yancey To: Judiciary, Division A SENATE BILL NO. 2988 (As Passed the Senate) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

More information

Policy Committee Charter

Policy Committee Charter Policy Committee Charter Approved by the CCIC Board of Directors: October 14, 2014 Purposes The purposes of the Colorado Children s Immunization Coalition (CCIC) Policy Committee are as follows. Monitor

More information

FAQs for Lobbyists before Executive Branch Agencies

FAQs for Lobbyists before Executive Branch Agencies FAQs for Lobbyists before Executive Branch Agencies Lobbyists are urged to read the full text of the law (Section 112.3215, Florida Statutes, as amended by Chapters 2005 359 and 2006 275, Laws of Florida,

More information

Lobbying, Gift, and Campaign Finance Compliance Briefing

Lobbying, Gift, and Campaign Finance Compliance Briefing Lobbying, Gift, and Campaign Finance Compliance Briefing Caleb P. Burns 202.719.7451 cburns@wileyrein.com January 14, 2016 wileyrein.com Topics Lobbying Disclosure Gift Prohibitions and Exceptions Campaign

More information

ACCESS, OPENNESS, ACCOUNTABILITY:

ACCESS, OPENNESS, ACCOUNTABILITY: ACCESS, OPENNESS, ACCOUNTABILITY: developing a LOBBYIST REGISTRATION ACT Department of Justice Government of Newfoundland and Labrador November 5, 2004 INTRODUCTION "Above all else, a government must be

More information

Lobbying of Government Officials (Lobbyists Code of Conduct) Regulation 2014

Lobbying of Government Officials (Lobbyists Code of Conduct) Regulation 2014 New South Wales Lobbying of Government Officials (Lobbyists Code of Conduct) Regulation 2014 under the Lobbying of Government Officials Act 2011 His Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive

More information

Florida Gift Law V 1.2. F.A.C Prohibitions

Florida Gift Law V 1.2. F.A.C Prohibitions F.A.C. 34-12.015. Prohibitions Florida Gift Law (1) No lobbyist or principal shall make, directly or indirectly, and no agency official or employee shall knowingly accept, directly or indirectly, any expenditure

More information

U.S Department of Defense Standards of Conduct Office

U.S Department of Defense Standards of Conduct Office U.S Department of Defense Standards of Conduct Office SENIOR EMPLOYEE POST-GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT RESTRICTIONS Purpose: This document summarizes the Government ethics rules which may impose certain restrictions

More information

The Last 50 Years: The Evolving Role of the Joint Committee Staff in the Tax Legislative Process

The Last 50 Years: The Evolving Role of the Joint Committee Staff in the Tax Legislative Process The Last 50 Years: The Evolving Role of the Joint Committee Staff in the Tax Legislative Process Bernard M. (Bob) Shapiro PricewaterhouseCoopers (retired) Former Chief of Staff, Joint Committee on Taxation

More information

ORDINANCE NO

ORDINANCE NO ORDINANCE NO. - AN ORDINANCE OF THE BOARD OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS OF BROWARD COUNTY, FLORIDA, AMENDING SECTION 1- OF THE BROWARD COUNTY CODE OF ORDINANCES, RELATING TO A CODE OF ETHICS FOR THE BROWARD

More information

Provo City School District Policy Series 6000 Finances and Operations

Provo City School District Policy Series 6000 Finances and Operations Provo City School District Policy Series 6000 Finances and Operations Policy No. 6110 Donation and Fundraising Policy Purpose The Provo School District Donation and Fundraising Policy encourages community

More information

MICHIGAN LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Butzel Long, a professional corporation Susan Johnson and Jennifer Dukarski

MICHIGAN LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Butzel Long, a professional corporation Susan Johnson and Jennifer Dukarski Last Updated: January 2013 Federal Update: October 2013 MICHIGAN LOBBYING REGISTRATION AND REPORTING Butzel Long, a professional corporation Susan Johnson and Jennifer Dukarski Foley Hoag LLP (Federal)

More information

An Overview of Pennsylvania's New Lobbying Disclosure Act (Revised January 19, 2007)

An Overview of Pennsylvania's New Lobbying Disclosure Act (Revised January 19, 2007) An Overview of Pennsylvania's New Lobbying Disclosure Act (Revised January 19, 2007) By: Lawrence J. Beaser, Esq. 1 Pennsylvania s new lobbyist registration and disclosure statute became effective on January

More information

Consultation on proposals for a Lobbying Transparency Bill

Consultation on proposals for a Lobbying Transparency Bill Consultation on proposals for a Lobbying Transparency Bill A response from Scottish Environment LINK July 2015 Scottish Environment LINK is the forum for Scotland's voluntary environment organisations,

More information

FAYETTEVILLE POLICIES AND PROCEDURES 317.1

FAYETTEVILLE POLICIES AND PROCEDURES 317.1 FAYETTEVILLE POLICIES AND PROCEDURES 317.1 Lobbying Activity, Certification and Reporting Related to Federal Grants, Contracts, and Cooperative Agreements Overview Federal law 1 prohibits recipients of

More information

Conflict of Interest Policy

Conflict of Interest Policy Conflict of Interest Policy Table of Contents 1. Purpose/General Rule... 2 2. Identification and Management of Conflict Situations... 2 2.1 Basic Definitions... 2 2.2 Specific Relationships that May Create

More information

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW. Getting Involved In Public Policy

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW. Getting Involved In Public Policy WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW Getting Involved In Public Policy January 2008 Getting Involved in Public Policy As organizations that seek to do good, community foundations understand the problems and needs in

More information

) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ETHICS AND INDEPENDENCE RULE 3526, COMMUNICATION WITH AUDIT COMMITTEES CONCERNING INDEPENDENCE

) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ETHICS AND INDEPENDENCE RULE 3526, COMMUNICATION WITH AUDIT COMMITTEES CONCERNING INDEPENDENCE 1666 K Street, NW Washington, D.C. 20006 Telephone: (202) 207-9100 Facsimile: (202)862-8430 www.pcaobus.org ETHICS AND INDEPENDENCE RULE 3526, COMMUNICATION WITH AUDIT COMMITTEES CONCERNING INDEPENDENCE

More information

AN ORDINANCE AMENDING SECTIONS THROUGH OF THE CODE OF ORDINANCES (LOBBYIST REGISTRATION ORDINANCE)

AN ORDINANCE AMENDING SECTIONS THROUGH OF THE CODE OF ORDINANCES (LOBBYIST REGISTRATION ORDINANCE) AN ORDINANCE AMENDING SECTIONS 2-264 THROUGH 2-272 OF THE CODE OF ORDINANCES (LOBBYIST REGISTRATION ORDINANCE) Section One: Sections 2-264 through 272 of the Code of Ordinances are hereby amended to read

More information

Public Law 107 155 107th Congress An Act

Public Law 107 155 107th Congress An Act PUBLIC LAW 107 155 MAR. 27, 2002 116 STAT. 81 Public Law 107 155 107th Congress An Act To amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 to provide bipartisan campaign reform. Be it enacted by the Senate

More information

Lobbying vs. Advocacy

Lobbying vs. Advocacy This article presents general guidelines for Georgia nonprofit organizations as of 6/26/2012 and should not be construed as legal advice. Always consult an attorney to address your particular situation.

More information

LOBBYING BY PUBLIC CHARITIES: An Introduction

LOBBYING BY PUBLIC CHARITIES: An Introduction LOBBYING BY PUBLIC CHARITIES: An Introduction Rosemary E. Fei I. The No Substantial Part Test. A. Historical Background. 1. Pre-1930: No statutory restriction on legislative or lobbying activities by charities;

More information

The Board has also adopted the following governance objectives. 9. To ensure the effective monitoring and management of health and safety.

The Board has also adopted the following governance objectives. 9. To ensure the effective monitoring and management of health and safety. Board Charter November 2016 Introduction This charter and the board committees charters and policies set out the governance requirements for the Spark New Zealand Board. These include the roles and responsibilities,

More information

Lobbyist Registration & Reporting Obligations. Massachusetts Lobbying Law

Lobbyist Registration & Reporting Obligations. Massachusetts Lobbying Law Lobbyist Registration & Reporting Obligations Massachusetts Lobbying Law 1 What this seminar covers: General Overview of Secretary s Role Overview of Lobbying Requirements Registration Disclosure Reporting

More information

ATTACHMENT B FEDERAL CERTIFICATIONS FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT COMPANIES AND PUBLIC SCHOOLS

ATTACHMENT B FEDERAL CERTIFICATIONS FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT COMPANIES AND PUBLIC SCHOOLS The undersigned states that: ATTACHMENT B FEDERAL CERTIFICATIONS FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT COMPANIES AND PUBLIC SCHOOLS 1. He or she is the duly authorized representative of the Vendor named below; 2. He

More information

The HIPAA Privacy Rule: Information for Private Independent Schools 1 By Gerald Woods 2 Kilpatrick Stockton LLP January 2003

The HIPAA Privacy Rule: Information for Private Independent Schools 1 By Gerald Woods 2 Kilpatrick Stockton LLP January 2003 The HIPAA Privacy Rule: Information for Private Independent Schools 1 By Gerald Woods 2 Kilpatrick Stockton LLP January 2003 Protecting the privacy of medical information was primarily the responsibility

More information

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Office of General Counsel Policy on Pro Bono Legal Services

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Office of General Counsel Policy on Pro Bono Legal Services U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT WASHINGTON, DC 20410-0500 GENERAL COUNSEL U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Office of General Counsel Policy on Pro Bono Legal Services 1.

More information

Electoral Financing for Candidates and Third Parties. Supervisor of Political Financing

Electoral Financing for Candidates and Third Parties. Supervisor of Political Financing Electoral Financing for Candidates and Third Parties Supervisor of Political Financing 2014 Training outcomes 1. Important documents 2. Scope of Political Process Financing Act 3. Principles of political

More information

FY17 Operating Budget Testimony Michael H. Reed, Esquire, Chairman Philadelphia Board of Ethics Prepared for City Council April, 2016

FY17 Operating Budget Testimony Michael H. Reed, Esquire, Chairman Philadelphia Board of Ethics Prepared for City Council April, 2016 FY17 Operating Budget Testimony Michael H. Reed, Esquire, Chairman Philadelphia Board of Ethics Prepared for City Council April, 2016 My name is Michael H. Reed, and I serve as the Chair of the Philadelphia

More information

CFPB s First Final Rule Addresses International Remittance Transfers

CFPB s First Final Rule Addresses International Remittance Transfers January 2012 CFPB s First Final Rule Addresses International Remittance Transfers BY KEVIN L. PETRASIC In the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau s ( CFPB ) first official final rulemaking, announced

More information

Medicaid Provider Taxes

Medicaid Provider Taxes Order Code RS22843 March 21, 2008 Medicaid Provider Taxes Jean Hearne Specialist in Social Legislation Domestic Social Policy Summary Provider-specific taxes have been used by many states over the last

More information

The Importance and Purpose of Library Advocacy

The Importance and Purpose of Library Advocacy advocacy toolkit The Importance and Purpose of Library Advocacy Advocacy simply means to actively support a cause. Libraries are our cause. Many people in the community recognize libraries are an important

More information

Lobbying by Non Profit Clients:

Lobbying by Non Profit Clients: Presenting a live 110 minute teleconference with interactive Q&A Lobbying by Non Profit Clients: Navigating Federal and State Regulations Complying With Lobbying Activity Tests, Limits, Registration and

More information

SNURE LAW OFFICE, PSC

SNURE LAW OFFICE, PSC SNURE LAW OFFICE, PSC A Professional Services Corporation Clark B. Snure Retired Of counsel Thomas G. Burke Joseph F. Quinn Brian K. Snure brian@snurelaw.com MEMORANDUM To: Washington Fire Protection Districts

More information

Department Ethics Office: Job Seeking and Post-Employment Restrictions

Department Ethics Office: Job Seeking and Post-Employment Restrictions Department Ethics Office: Job Seeking and Post-Employment Restrictions This is a summary of the restrictions that apply to all employees leaving the Department of State. It is divided into two sections:

More information

LSA Document #99-78(F) DIGEST

LSA Document #99-78(F) DIGEST Document: Final Rule, Register Page Number: 23 IR 1640 Source: April 1, 2000, Indiana Register, Volume 23, Number 7 Disclaimer: This document was created from the files used to produce the official (printed)

More information

SUBCHAPTER 4. STATE INVESTMENT COUNCIL S POLICY CONCERNING POLITICAL CONTRIBUTIONS AND PROHIBITIONS ON INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT BUSINESS

SUBCHAPTER 4. STATE INVESTMENT COUNCIL S POLICY CONCERNING POLITICAL CONTRIBUTIONS AND PROHIBITIONS ON INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT BUSINESS . STATE INVESTMENT COUNCIL S POLICY CONCERNING POLITICAL CONTRIBUTIONS AND PROHIBITIONS ON INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT BUSINESS 17:16-4.1 Purpose (a) It is the policy of the State Investment Council to ensure

More information

POLITICAL SPEECH AND NONPROFIT TAX ISSUES

POLITICAL SPEECH AND NONPROFIT TAX ISSUES These issue summaries provide an overview of the law as of the date they were written and are for educational purposes only. These summaries may become outdated and may not represent the current state

More information

PTA -- Taking Positions on Ballot Measures: School Bonds, Levies, Initiatives and Referenda

PTA -- Taking Positions on Ballot Measures: School Bonds, Levies, Initiatives and Referenda PTA -- Taking Positions on Ballot Measures: School Bonds, Levies, Initiatives and Referenda Guidance for Local Unit and Council PTAs A local unit PTA or a PTA council may take a stand on a ballot measure

More information