1 + Configuration+Guide+ +Monitoring+ Meraki+Access+Points+with+Solarwinds+ Orion+using+SNMP+ April2011 This configuration guide describes how to configure the Solarwinds Orion Network Monitoring System to monitor and alert on the status of Meraki Enterprise wireless networks. +
2 Copyright 2011 Meraki, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks Meraki is a registered trademark of Meraki, Inc Alabama St. San Francisco, California Phone: Fax:
3 1. SNMP+ Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is an Internet-standard protocol for monitoring and managing devices on IP networks. Devices that typically support SNMP include routers, switches, servers, workstations, printers, and wireless access points. SNMP exposes management data in the form of a database of variables on the managed systems called a Management Information Base (MIB) that describe the system configuration. The MIB can then be queried by managing applications. SNMP is used by third-party network management systems (NMS) to allow administrators to monitor large networks with many different types of IP devices from various vendors from a single dashboard. These platforms can be configured to send alerts to administrators when triggered by events, such as a wireless access point dropping offline. NMS products are often used by managed service providers (MSPs) that are responsible for managing many networks for different customers simultaneously, or sometimes by administrators of very large networks with many campuses.
4 2. Using+SNMP+with+Meraki+ Meraki wireless access points are managed through the Web-based Dashboard, a fully featured management console that allows administrators to monitor and manage their network from anywhere. The Meraki Dashboard is intended to be the primary management interface for Meraki wireless networks, as it contains a variety of powerful tools for network management, visibility and diagnostics that are unique to Meraki cloud-managed networks. In addition, Meraki now offers a line of branch office routers, the MX series, which allow an administrator to manage both their wireless and wired network from the Meraki Dashboard. However, in certain instances an administrator may already have a large network or group of networks that they are monitoring using a third-party NMS to allow them basic monitoring of various vendors equipment at multiple sites from a single-pane of glass. In this situation there may be a requirement to be able to monitor basic statistics about the Meraki network from the existing NMS. The Meraki Cloud Controller runs an SNMP agent that can be queried for a basic set of status information about Meraki wireless access points. Meraki s MIB contains the following information about APs: Device MAC address Device Serial number Device name Device status (online or offline) Device last contacted at date and time Current client count Mesh status (gateway or repeater) Public IP address Product code (e.g. MR16-HW) Product description (e.g. Meraki Cloud-controller n AP) Name of the network that the AP resides in Packets/bytes in/out on each physical interface The intent of providing this SNMP interface is to allow an administrator to integrate high-level monitoring of Meraki APs with their existing processes and
5 systems. For troubleshooting, advanced monitoring or management functionality an administrator will still need to use the Meraki Dashboard.
6 3. Solarwinds+Orion+Network+Performance+Monitor+ Solarwinds Orion Network Performance Monitor (NPM) is one of the more popular NMS platforms for monitoring and managing third-party network devices. It is a comprehensive network management and data center monitoring tool that monitors and analyzes real-time network performance statistics for routers, switches, wireless access points, servers and other SNMP-enabled devices. Orion can provide the following functionalities: Performance and health monitoring of IP networking devices Monitoring of virtual machines Receive alerts for network events Automated network discovery Dynamic network mapping Drill-down network troubleshooting Robust reporting capabilities Simple, scalable deployment Solarwinds Orion NPM can be used for basic monitoring of the health and status of Meraki wireless APs. Configuration will be detailed in the following section.
7 4. Configuring+Orion+NPM+with+Meraki+SNMP+ This section will describe how to configure Solarwinds Orion NMS to monitor Meraki wireless APs using SNMP. The version of Solarwinds Orion that was used in this example was: Solarwinds Orion Core SP1, NPM SP1, IVIM This guide assumes that Solarwinds Orion has already been installed. It also assumes that the networks to be monitored have already been created in the Meraki Dashboard. 4.1 Adding the Meraki Cloud Controller to the Solarwinds Orion Web Console 1. Open the Solarwinds Orion web console.
8 2. From the main screen, click on Manage nodes. 3. Click on Add Node. 4. In the Hostname of IP Address box, enter the hostname of the Meraki Cloud Controller that is hosting the network to be monitored. To find this name, log into the Meraki Dashboard as an organization administrator for the networks to be monitored. Navigate to the All-Network Overview page from the Network drop-down selector at the top of the screen. The Cloud Controller hostname can be found in the URL, eg. In this case, n7.meraki.com is the Cloud Controller hostname that should be used in this step. Note: the organization name, in this example 1ZWKRd will be used in a subsequent step so make note of this as well. 5. Make sure ICMP (Ping only) is not checked. 6. In the SNMP info box, set SNMP Version to SNMPv2c. Note: Meraki s SNMP agent supports SNMPv3, but Solarwinds currently does not. 7. Set SNMP Port to Set Community String to o/ followed by the organization name noted in step 4, eg. o/1zwkrd. Note: the community string is case-sensitive.
9 9. Click Test. After a short pause, you should see the message Test Successful. 10. Click Next.
10 11. On the Choose Resources screen, click Next. 12. On the Add Pollers screen, click Next.
11 13. On the Change Properties screen, click Next. A dialogue box should pop up that says Node successfully added. 14. Click OK, back to the Node Management screen.
12 15. Click on dashboard.meraki.com. In the Description field under Node Details, you should see Meraki Cloud Controller. The Meraki Cloud Controller has now been added as a node to the Solarwinds Orion web console. 4.2 Adding the Meraki Details View 1. Click on Settings in the upper-right-hand corner of the screen.
13 2. In the Views box, click on Add New View. Enter a name in Name of New View. In this example we ll use Meraki Detail View. Choose Node Details from Type of View menu. 3. Click Submit, returning to the Customize Meraki Detail View screen.
14 4. Click on the + icon to the right of Resources in Column 1. Click on the + icon next to Node detail Reports Resources that Apply to a Single Node. Check the box next to Node Details. 5. Click Submit, returning to the Customize Meraki Detail View screen.
15 6. Click Done. 7. Click on Settings in the upper-right-hand corner of the screen. 8. In the Views box, click on Views by Device Type. 9. In the box next to Unknown, choose Meraki Detail View.
16 10. Click Submit. 11. Click Home in the upper-left-hand corner of the screen. 12. Under All Nodes, open the tree under Unknown to locate dashboard.meraki.com.
17 13. Click on dashboard.meraki.com, returning to the Meraki Details screen. 4.3 Adding AP Device Pollers from the Meraki MIB In this section, device pollers will be created to poll the SNMP agent for the following MIB values: OID Name Format apmac MAC Address apname Text apstatus Enumeration apcontactedat* DateAndTime* apclientcount None apmeshstatus Enumeration appublicip IP Address apserial Text approductcode Text approductdescription Text apnetworkname Text *apcontactedat format not supported by SolarWinds (exclude)
18 To create the pollers, follow these steps: 1. Open the SolarWinds Universal Device Poller application. 2. Click New Universal Device Poller. 3. In the OID box, enter In the Name box, enter apmac. 5. In the Description box, enter the MAC address of the Meraki AP. 6. Click the Show Advanced Options box. 7. For MIB Value Type, choose Raw Value. 8. For Format, choose MAC Address 9. For SNMP Get Type, choose Get Table. 10. For Polling Type, choose Node. 11. For Keep Historical Data, choose Yes. 12. For Status, choose Enabled. 13. For Group, choose Default Group.
19 14. Click Next, to the Assign apmac to Nodes screen. 15. Click the + next to All Nodes. 16. Click the + next to Unknown. 17. Check the box next to dashboard.meraki.com. 18. Click Test. After seconds, a green circle with a check mark in it should appear to the right of dashboard.meraki.com.
20 19. Click Next, to the Label the Rows in Your Table screen. Choose Use interface names from Orion. 20. Click Next, to the Display apmac Results on Orion Website screen. Under Do you want to display results on your Orion website, choose Yes. Scroll down in the table and click the checkbox in the Table column next to Meraki Details. Check the box next to Do not show this poller if it is not assigned.
21 21. Click Finish. Go back to the Meraki Details page. You should see a new table, Node Tabular Universal Device Poller. You might have to refresh the browser for the table to appear. 22. Repeat this process for each of the other MIB items listed in the table above. Notes: For apstatus, set Format to Enumeration, then click the button to the right of Enumeration, and enter two values into the table: 0= offline, 1= online. 4.4 Updating the Meraki Details View 1. On the Meraki Details View page, there should now be many tables titled Universal Device Poller.
22 2. On the first such table, click Edit. Change the Title field to Access Points. Leave the Subtitle field blank. 3. Check all of the boxes under Select tabular universal device pollers for display. 4. Under Select the poller from which labels are taken, select apmac.
23 5. Click Submit. The first table in the details view should now show all of the AP details. To get rid of the other tables, click on Settings. Click on Manage Views. 6. Select Meraki Detail View and click Edit. Select all of the views label Node Tabular Universal Device Poller and click the red X.
24 7. Click the Edit button next to the Column Width values. Select One column. Set Column 1 Width to Click Submit. Click Done.
25 4.5 Configure an Alert for Offline AP 1. Start the Orion Alert Manager application. 2. Click on Configure Alerts.
26 3. Click New Alert. Enter AP Status Alert for Name of Alert, and a description. 4. Click on Trigger Condition tab. For Type of Property to Monitor, select Custom node poller. 5. Click Add button in lower-right-hand corner, and select Simple Condition. Click on the first * underneath Trigger Alert when all of the following apply and choose Custom node pollers, PollerName. Click on the second * and enter apstatus to create the first trigger alert condition.
27 6. Click Add button in lower-right-hand corner, and select Simple Condition. Click on the first * and select Total. Click on the second * and type in Click on Reset Condition tab, and select When conditions are no longer true. 8. Click on Trigger Actions tab.
28 9. Select Add new action, Edit /Page Action. Set up appropriate address, message and SMTP server information.
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