Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Imagine Learning

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1 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Early Literary Concepts Distinguishing between print and pictures Everyday Words in Scenes Students learn nouns in categories such as family members, animals, and things that go. Students use visual, audio, and tactile modalities in this activity as they categorize each word by moving graphics into a puzzle. Explore Everyday Words Students click word pictures, hear the words spoken, and drag the pictures to create their own scene with newly learned vocabulary words. Understanding the purpose of print in reading Start Reading English: Early Literacy Students hear a skilled reader model thought processes after looking at the cover of the story. The reader makes a prediction and anticipates what the story might be about, then reads the story aloud. Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter of the alphabet, the letter sound, and how to form the letter. Each letter is formed by an object or animal that begins with the target letter, with the accompanying name shown below the letter picture. Understanding the purpose of print in writing Printout: Letter Practice Students practice writing both capital and lowercase letters, paying close attention to letter shape. This printout is associated with Letter Shapes and Sounds. Using letters in one s own name to represent it or write a message Printout: Letter Practice Students practice writing both capital and lowercase letters, paying close attention to letter shape. This printout is associated with Letter Shapes and Sounds. Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. In the printout for Letter Shapes and Sounds, students learn to write both capital and lowercase letters. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 1 of 62

2 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Sound Rap: Recognize Letter Sounds Students match sounds with letters, demonstrating knowledge of letter sounds. Understanding the concept of letter Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. In the printout for Letter Shapes and Sounds, students learn to write both capital and lowercase letters. Alphabet Songs Letter Sound Sing Along Song Printout: Letter Practice Build a Monster: Letter Game 1 Free the Aliens: Letter Game 2 Underwater Adventure: Letter Game 3 Art With a Purpose: Letters Students hear a variety of alphabet songs as part of their learning experience. After each song, students click letters to hear the letter names. Letters are presented sequentially, each with an image of the letter and the letter name. Students learn the letters of the alphabet and their sounds. Students practice writing both capital and lowercase letters, paying close attention to letter shape. This printout is associated with Letter Shapes and Sounds. Students practice identifying the letters of the alphabet through an exploration game. They select target letters to assemble monsters and robots. Students practice recognizing letters quickly to build automaticity. The letter-recognition speed is adjusted to their performance so the student is challenged without being overwhelmed. Students practice recognizing letters quickly to build automaticity. Students color pictures of previously learned letters. They hear the names of letters and colors throughout the activity. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 2 of 62

3 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Recognize Letters Students demonstrate letter knowledge by selecting a target letter from among other similarly shaped letters. Understanding the concept of word Everyday Words in Scenes Students learn nouns in categories such as family members, animals, and things that go. Students use visual, audio, and tactile modalities in this activity as they categorize each word by moving graphics into a puzzle. Explore Everyday Words My Word Book Printout: Vocabulary Scenes Recognize Everyday Words Art With a Purpose Students practice using newly learned vocabulary words by clicking a picture that illustrates the word, hearing the target word spoken, and dragging the pictures to create their own scene. Students review learned words as the words are placed into categories in their word book. Students review newly learned words by coloring a scene that illustrates the target words. Students also see the target words printed. This printout accompanies the activity Everyday Words in Scenes. Students test their knowledge of newly learned words by matching a picture to a spoken word in a series of carnival games. Students add a creative touch to learned words by coloring a graphic of each noun. They hear each word and see it printed. They also hear the names of colors throughout the activity. Using left-to-right directionality of print Sing and Chant Students hear the cadence and rhythm of English as they listen to songs and chants. Text is highlighted as the words are sung or said, reinforcing left-to-right directionality of written text. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 3 of 62

4 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Listen to a Story Start Reading English: Listen and Read Students listen to narratives and nonfiction as they follow along with written text. Each word is highlighted as it is spoken, which reinforces leftto-right text directionality. Students follow along with text as a model reads each page of a story. Each word is highlighted as it is spoken, which reinforces left-to-right text directionality. Understanding the concepts of first and last in written language Sequence Story Events Students listen to a story and are given pictures from the story to sequence. Printout: Sequence Story Events Students connect with what they have read by responding to a prompt. They copy the prompt words, and then draw, write, and tell about experiences related to stories they have heard. Understanding that one spoken word matches one group of letters Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. A word that starts with each target letter is shown underneath an illustration of the word. This enables students to make the distinction between individual letters and the words that begin with the target letter. Using one s name to learn about words and make connections to words Your Turn to Talk Level 1 Resource Guide Students record learned words and phrases, such as What is your name? They can then play their recordings back and rerecord if they want to improve their recording. The English Language Development in Your Classroom section includes the in-class activity I Can Write My Name, where students practice writing and recognizing the letters in their own name. They practice writing their full name on the worksheet located in the Classroom Masters section. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 4 of 62

5 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Phonological Awareness Hearing and recognizing word boundaries Discover Similar Sounds English learners learn to recognize English phonemes that correspond to phonemes already heard and produced in their first language. Meet New Sounds Introduction to Rhyme Identify Rhyming Words Printout: Rhyming Words Books Blend Word Parts English learners learn to recognize English phonemes that are not produced in their first language. A video of a mouth helps students learn to accurately pronounce each new sound. Students are directly taught the concept of rhyme. English learners begin by hearing words that rhyme in their first language and then are introduced to words that rhyme in English. Students identify English rhyming words by selecting pictures of things that rhyme. They receive immediate and instructive feedback if they answer incorrectly. Students review English rhyming words using printout folds into a book. This printout accompanies the activity Identify Rhyming Words. Students blend onsets and rimes to make words. Segmenting sentences into words Let s Talk Students watch videos of children using useful phrases or social greetings in a variety of authentic contexts. They hear target phrases as they see the words appear on the screen. How to Read a Story Tutorial Listen to a Story Students learn background knowledge that helps them navigate through a book on the computer. Students listen to narratives and nonfiction as they follow the written text. Each word is highlighted as it is spoken, clearly showing that sentences are made up of words. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 5 of 62

6 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Hearing and saying rhyming words Introduction to Rhyme Students are directly taught the concept of rhyme. Identify Rhyming Words Printout: Rhyming Words Books Blend Word Parts Students identify English rhyming words by selecting pictures of things that rhyme. Students review English rhyming words using printout folds into a book. This printout accompanies the activity Identify Rhyming Words. Students review English rhyming words using printout folds into a book. This printout accompanies the activity Identify Rhyming Words. Hearing and connecting rhyming words Introduction to Rhyme Students are directly taught the concept of rhyme. English learners begin by hearing words that rhyme in their first language and then are introduced to words that rhyme in English. Identify Rhyming Words Printout: Rhyming Words Books Blend Word Parts Students identify English rhyming words by selecting pictures of things that rhyme. They receive immediate and instructive feedback if they answer incorrectly. Students review English rhyming words using printout folds into a book. This printout accompanies the activity Identify Rhyming Words. Students blend onsets and rimes to make words. Hearing and generating rhyming words Introduction to Rhyme Students are directly taught the concept of rhyme. Identify Rhyming Words Printout: Rhyming Words Books Students identify English rhyming words by selecting pictures of things that rhyme. Students review English rhyming words using printout folds into a book. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 6 of 62

7 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Letter Knowledge Understanding the concept of a letter Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. A word that starts with each target letter is shown underneath an illustration of the word. This enables students to make the distinction between individual letters and the words that begin with the target letter. Recognize Letters Students demonstrate letter knowledge by selecting a target letter from among other similarly shaped letters. Distinguishing letter forms Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. A word that starts with each target letter is shown underneath an illustration of the word. This enables students to make the distinction between individual letters and the words that begin with the target letter. Printout: Letter Practice Recognize Letters Students practice writing both capital and lowercase letters, paying close attention to letter shape. This printout is associated with Letter Shapes and Sounds. Students demonstrate letter knowledge by selecting a target letter from among other similarly shaped letters. Producing letter names Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. A word that starts with each target letter is shown underneath an illustration of the word. This enables students to make the distinction between individual letters and the words that begin with the target letter. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 7 of 62

8 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Alphabet Songs Letter Sound Sing Along Song Students hear a variety of alphabet songs as part of their learning experience. After each song, students click letters to hear the letter names. Letters are presented sequentially, each with an image of the letter and the letter name. Students learn the letters of the alphabet and their sounds. Categorizing letters by features Alphabet Songs Students hear a variety of alphabet songs as part of their learning experience. After each song, students click letters to hear the letter names. Letters are presented sequentially, each with an image of the letter and the letter name. Letter Sound Sing Along Song Students learn the letters of the alphabet and their sounds. A, E, I, O, U song Students learn about vowels. Letter Shapes and Sounds Art With a Purpose: Letters Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. Students color pictures of previously learned letters. They hear the names of letters and colors throughout the activity. Understanding alphabetical order Alphabet Songs Students hear a variety of alphabet songs as part of their learning experience. After each song, students click letters to hear the letter names. Letters are presented sequentially, each with an image of the letter and the letter name. Letter Sound Sing Along Song Students learn the letters of the alphabet and their sounds. Recognizing uppercase and lowercase letters Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 8 of 62

9 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Printout: Letter Practice Build a Monster: Letter Game 1 Free the Aliens: Letter Game 2 Underwater Adventure: Letter Game 3 Students practice writing both capital and lowercase letters, paying close attention to letter shape. This printout is associated with Letter Shapes and Sounds. Students practice identifying the letters of the alphabet through an exploration game. They select target letters to assemble monsters and robots. Students practice recognizing letters quickly to build automaticity. The letter-recognition speed is adjusted to their performance so the student is challenged without being overwhelmed. Students practice recognizing letters quickly to build automaticity. Recognizing consonants and vowels A, E, I, O, U song Students learn about vowels. Sound Rap: Recognize Letter Sounds Students demonstrate their knowledge of letter sounds by matching sounds with letters. Advanced lessons include blends. Understanding special uses of letters Art With a Purpose: Letters Students color pictures of previously learned letters. They hear the names of letters and colors throughout the activity. Letter/Sound Relationships Recognize Letters Students demonstrate letter knowledge by selecting a target letter from among other similarly shaped letters. Recognizing that letters represent consonant sounds Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. A word that starts with each target letter is shown underneath an illustration of the word. This enables students to make the distinction between individual letters and the words that begin with the target letter. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 9 of 62

10 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Recognizing and using beginning consonant sounds and the letters that represent them: s, m, t, b, f, r, n, p, d, h, c, g, j, l, k, v, w, z, qu, y, x Recognizing similar beginning consonant sounds and the letters that represent them Recognizing and using ending consonant sounds and the letters that represent them: b, m, t, d, g, n, p, f, l, r, s, z, x, ss, ll, tt, ck Recognizing similar ending consonant sounds and the letters that represent them Recognize Letters Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Recognize Letters Discover Similar Sounds Meet New Sounds Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Students demonstrate letter knowledge by selecting a target letter from among other similarly shaped letters. Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words so they are fully prepared to read and understand a new story. Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. Students demonstrate letter knowledge by selecting a target letter from among other similarly shaped letters. English learners learn to recognize English phonemes that correspond to phonemes already heard and produced in their first language. English learners learn to recognize English phonemes that are not produced in their first language. A video of a mouth helps students learn to accurately pronounce each new sound. Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words so they are fully prepared to read and understand a new story. Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words so they are fully prepared to read and understand a new story. Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 10 of 62

11 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Spelling Patterns Recognizing that words have letter patterns that are connected to sounds (phonograms are spelling patterns) Recognizing and using the consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) pattern Get a Clue: Word Families Making Music: Meet the Phoneme Yakkity Yak: Find the Phoneme Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Making Music: Meet the Phoneme Yakkity Yak: Find the Phoneme Students learn to decode new words by analogy. They learn clue words that contain common endings and sort words by their endings. Students have to assemble initial sound and phonogram pattern, spelling the word in response to a prompt. Students practice recognizing phonemes by segmenting the initial sound and selecting pictures of objects that begin with the target phoneme. Students listen for a target phoneme in onesyllable words. They segment the word into phonemes in order to identify the phoneme s position in the word. If they answer incorrectly, the word is stretch-blended, making the individual phonemes more recognizable. Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words so they are fully prepared to read and understand a new story. Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. Students practice recognizing phonemes by segmenting the initial sound and selecting pictures of objects that begin with the target phoneme. Students listen for a target phoneme in onesyllable words. They segment the word into phonemes in order to identify the phoneme s position in the word. If they answer incorrectly, the word is stretch-blended, making the individual phonemes more recognizable. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 11 of 62

12 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Recognizing and using simple phonograms with a VC pattern (easiest): -ad, -ag, -am, -an*, -at*, -ed, -en, -et, -ig, -in*, -it*, -og, -op*, -ot*, -ut Recognizing and using more difficult phonograms with a VC pattern: -ab, -ap*, -ar, -aw*, -ay*, -eg, -em, -ib, -ip*, -ix, -ob, -od, -ow (blow), -ow (cow), -ug*, -um, -un Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Making Music: Meet the Phoneme Yakkity Yak: Find the Phoneme Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Making Music: Meet the Phoneme Yakkity Yak: Find the Phoneme Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words so they are fully prepared to read and understand a new story. Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. Students practice recognizing phonemes by segmenting the initial sound and selecting pictures of objects that begin with the target phoneme. Students listen for a target phoneme in onesyllable words. They segment the word into phonemes in order to identify the phoneme s position in the word. If they answer incorrectly, the word is stretch-blended, making the individual phonemes more recognizable. Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words so they are fully prepared to read and understand a new story. Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. Students practice recognizing phonemes by segmenting the initial sound and selecting pictures of objects that begin with the target phoneme. Students listen for a target phoneme in onesyllable words. They segment the word into phonemes in order to identify the phoneme s position in the word. If they answer incorrectly, the word is stretch-blended, making the individual phonemes more recognizable. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 12 of 62

13 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Recognizing and using phonograms with a vowel-consonant-silent e (VCe) pattern: -ace, -ade, -age, -ake*, -ale*, -ame*, -ane, -ape, -ate*, -ice*, -ide*, -ike, -ile, -ime, -ine*, -ite, -ive, -obe, -oke*, -ope, -ore* *Indicates the most common phonograms High Frequency Words Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Making Music: Meet the Phoneme Yakkity Yak: Find the Phoneme Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words so they are fully prepared to read and understand a new story. Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. Students practice recognizing phonemes by segmenting the initial sound and selecting pictures of objects that begin with the target phoneme. Students listen for a target phoneme in onesyllable words. They segment the word into phonemes in order to identify the phoneme s position in the word. If they answer incorrectly, the word is stretch-blended, making the individual phonemes more recognizable. Recognizing and using high frequency words with one or two letters Note This: Meet Sight Words 200 sight words presented in context sentences. Each of the context sentences is used in one of the books the students will read. A translation is provided in the student s first language if necessary. Blaster: Practice Sight Words Printout: Sight Word Flashcards Students practice identifying sight words. This is a timed game with the goal of identifying the correct word as quickly as possible. Students build sight word recognition by practicing with flashcards. This printout accompanies the activity Blaster: Practice Sight Words. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 13 of 62

14 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten 300 decodable and key words presented in context sentences. Each context sentence is used in a book the students will read. Locating and reading high frequency words in continuous text Note This: Meet Sight Words 200 sight words presented in context sentences. Each of the context sentences is used in one of the books the students will read. A translation is provided in the student s first language if necessary. Recognizing and using high frequency words with three or four letters Blaster: Practice Sight Words Printout: Sight Word Flashcards Note This: Meet Sight Words Blaster: Practice Sight Words Students practice identifying sight words. This is a timed game with the goal of identifying the correct word as quickly as possible. At the end of the activity, a printout of sight word flash cards is provided. Students build sight word recognition by practicing with flashcards. This printout accompanies the activity Blaster: Practice Sight Words. 300 decodable and key words presented in context sentences. Each context sentence is used in a book the students will read. 200 sight words presented in context sentences. Each of the context sentences is used in one of the books the students will read. Students practice identifying sight words. This is a timed game with the goal of identifying the correct word as quickly as possible. At the end of the activity, a printout of sight word flash cards is provided. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 14 of 62

15 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Word Meaning Recognizing and learning concept words: color names, number words, days of the week, months of the year Printout: Sight Word Flashcards Sing and Chant Everyday Words in Scenes Printout: Vocabulary Scenes Explore Everyday Words Students build sight word recognition by practicing with flashcards. This printout accompanies the activity Blaster: Practice Sight Words. 300 decodable and key words presented in context sentences. Each context sentence is used in a book the students will read. Students hear songs and chants and see accompanying text on the screen as each one plays. Songs, such as Colors, One, Two, Buckle My Shoe, Days of the Week, and Counting Song, build important vocabulary. Students learn nouns in categories such as family members, animals, and things that go. Students use visual, audio, and tactile modalities in this activity as they categorize each word by moving graphics into a puzzle. Students review newly learned words by coloring a scene that illustrates the target words. Students also see the target words printed. This printout accompanies the activity Everyday Words in Scenes. Students practice using newly learned vocabulary words by clicking a picture that illustrates the word, hearing the target word spoken, and dragging the pictures to create their own scene. Recognizing and using words that are related Explore Everyday Words Students practice using newly learned vocabulary words by clicking a picture that illustrates the word, hearing the target word spoken, and dragging the pictures to create their own scene. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 15 of 62

16 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Word Structure Blaster: Practice Sight Words Printout: Vocabulary Scenes Explore Everyday Words Animated Everyday Words My Word Book My Word Book Review Students practice identifying sight words. This is a timed game with the goal of identifying the correct word as quickly as possible. At the end of the activity, a printout of sight word flash cards is provided. Students review newly learned words by coloring a scene that illustrates the target words. Students also see the target words printed. This printout accompanies the activity Everyday Words in Scenes. Students practice using newly learned vocabulary words by clicking a picture that illustrates the word, hearing the target word spoken, and dragging the pictures to create their own scene. Students directly learn verbs and adjectives by attaching them to previously learned nouns and seeing illustrative animations. Students review learned words as the words are placed into categories in their word book. Students identify learned vocabulary words by quickly clicking corresponding pictures as they hear the target word spoken. Understanding the concept of syllable Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. Recognize Letters Students demonstrate letter knowledge by selecting a target letter from among other similarly shaped letters. Understanding how vowels appear in syllables A, E, I, O, U song Students learn about vowels. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 16 of 62

17 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Word-Solving Actions Recognizing and locating words (names) Recognize Everyday Words Students test their knowledge of newly learned words by matching a picture to a spoken word in a series of carnival games. My Word Book My Word Book Review Students review learned words as the words are placed into categories in their word book. Students identify learned words by clicking a corresponding picture. Making connections between names and other words Making Music: Meet the Phoneme Students learn individual phonemes and then separate initial phonemes to identify target sounds. Students view a video model to aid in pronunciation. They select words that start with the target sound. Using the letters in names to read and write words: Chuck, chair Everyday Words in Scenes Students learn nouns in categories such as family members, animals, and things that go. Students use visual, audio, and tactile modalities in this activity as they categorize each word by moving graphics into a puzzle. Printout: Vocabulary Scenes Explore Everyday Words Animated Everyday Words Students review newly learned words by coloring a scene that illustrates the target words. Students also see the target words printed. This printout accompanies the activity Everyday Words in Scenes. Students practice using newly learned vocabulary words by clicking a picture that illustrates the word, hearing the target word spoken, and dragging the pictures to create their own scene. Students directly learn verbs and adjectives by attaching them to previously learned nouns and seeing illustrative animations. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 17 of 62

18 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Silly Animals: Matching Game Students practice recognizing learned adjectives and verbs in a game that gives them a wellrounded understanding of each word. After they answer correctly, students listen to the target word used in a sentence. Using known words to monitor reading and spelling Let s Talk Students watch videos of children using useful phrases or social greetings in a variety of authentic contexts. Children in the video then invite students to repeat the target speech. The learned vocabulary and phrases help students with their basic needs in social and school settings. Your Turn to Talk Start Reading English: Listen and Read Students record learned words and phrases, such as What is your name? They can then play their recordings back and rerecord if they want to improve their recording. Teachers may evaluate students recordings at any time. Students follow along with text as a model reads each page of a story. The introduction before each book includes thought modeling, frequently combining prior knowledge with the cover illustration. The reading model predicts and anticipates what the story might be about. Then students follow along with highlighted text as the model reads each page of the story. Recognizing and spelling known words quickly 300 decodable and key words presented in context sentences. Each context sentence is used in a book the students will read. Get a Clue: Word Families Students learn high-utility phonogram patterns. They learn clue words that contain common endings and sort words by their endings. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 18 of 62

19 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Kindergarten Using letter/sound knowledge to monitor reading and spelling accuracy Using parts of known words that are like other words: my/sky; tree/try; she/shut Printout: Word Family Practice Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Your Turn to Talk Start Reading English: Listen and Read Introduction to Rhyme Identify Rhyming Words Printout: Rhyming Words Books Blend Word Parts Students practice sorting words into the correct word family. This printout accompanies the activity Get a Clue: Word Families. Students demonstrate their recognition of reading words used in the Start Reading English decodable books. Students record learned words and phrases, such as What is your name? They can then play their recordings back and rerecord if they want to improve their recording. Teachers may evaluate students recordings at any time. Students follow along with text as a model reads each page of a story. The introduction before each book includes thought modeling, frequently combining prior knowledge with the cover illustration. The reading model predicts and anticipates what the story might be about. Then students follow along with highlighted text as the model reads each page of the story. Students are directly taught the concept of rhyme. Students identify English rhyming words by selecting pictures of things that rhyme. Students review English rhyming words using printout folds into a book. This printout accompanies the activity Identify Rhyming Words. Students blend onsets and rimes to make words. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 19 of 62

20 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Grade 1 Early Literary Concepts Understanding the concept of word My Word Book Students review learned words as the words are placed into categories in their word book. Printout: Vocabulary Scenes Recognize Everyday Words Everyday Words in Scenes Students review newly learned words by coloring a scene that illustrates the target words. Students also see the target words printed. This printout accompanies the activity Everyday Words in Scenes. Students test their knowledge of newly learned words by matching a picture to a spoken word in a series of carnival games. Students learn nouns in categories such as family members, animals, and things that go. Students use visual, audio, and tactile modalities in this activity as they categorize each word by moving graphics into a puzzle. Using left-to-right directionality of print Sing and Chant Students hear the cadence and rhythm of English as they listen to songs and chants. Text is highlighted as the words are sung or said, reinforcing left-to-right directionality of written text. Listen to a Story Start Reading English: Listen and Read Students listen to narratives and nonfiction as they follow along with written text. Each word is highlighted as it is spoken, which reinforces leftto-right text directionality. Students follow along with text as a model reads each page of a story. Each word is highlighted as it is spoken, which reinforces left-to-right text directionality. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 20 of 62

21 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Grade 1 Understanding the concepts of first and last in written language Sequence Story Events Students listen to a story and are given pictures from the story to sequence. They retell a story based on a new sequence of pictures in a printout and then draw, write, and tell about personal experiences related to stories they have heard. Printout: Sequence Story Events This printout is connected to Listen to a Story and Sequence Story Events. Students retell a story based on a sequence of pictures on the printout. Then they draw, write, and tell about personal experiences related to stories they have heard. Understanding that one spoken word matches one group of letters Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. A word that starts with each target letter is shown underneath an illustration of the word. This enables students to make the distinction between individual letters and the words that begin with the target letter. Everyday Words in Scenes Printout: Vocabulary Scenes Explore Everyday Words Students learn nouns in categories such as family members, animals, and things that go. Students use visual, audio, and tactile modalities in this activity as they categorize each word by moving graphics into a puzzle. Students review newly learned words by coloring a scene that illustrates the target words. Students also see the target words printed. This printout accompanies the activity Everyday Words in Scenes. Students practice using newly learned vocabulary words by clicking a picture that illustrates the word, hearing the target word spoken, and dragging the pictures to create their own scene. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 21 of 62

22 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Grade 1 Phonological Awareness Hearing and saying rhyming words Introduction to Rhyme Students are directly taught the concept of rhyme. Identify Rhyming Words Sing and Chant Discover Similar Sounds Meet New Sounds Students identify English rhyming words by selecting pictures of things that rhyme. Students hear the cadence and rhythm of English by seeing an animation or video of songs and chants. The text of each song and chant is highlighted as the words are sung or said. English learners learn to recognize English phonemes that correspond to phonemes already heard and produced in their first language. English learners learn to recognize English phonemes that are not produced in their first language. A video of a mouth helps students learn to accurately pronounce each new sound. Hearing and connecting rhyming words Introduction to Rhyme Students are directly taught the concept of rhyme. English learners begin by hearing words that rhyme in their first language and then are introduced to words that rhyme in English. Identify Rhyming Words Printout: Rhyming Words Books Sing and Chant Students identify English rhyming words by selecting pictures of things that rhyme. They receive immediate and instructive feedback if they answer incorrectly. Students review English rhyming words using printout folds into a book. This printout accompanies the activity Identify Rhyming Words. Students hear the cadence and rhythm of English by seeing an animation or video of songs and chants. The text of each song and chant is highlighted as the words are sung or said. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 22 of 62

23 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Grade 1 Discover Similar Sounds Meet New Sounds English learners learn to recognize English phonemes that correspond to phonemes already heard and produced in their first language. English learners learn to recognize English phonemes that are not produced in their first language. A video of a mouth helps students learn to accurately pronounce each new sound. Hearing and generating rhyming words Introduction to Rhyme Students are directly taught the concept of rhyme. Letter Knowledge Identify Rhyming Words Printout: Rhyming Words Books Students identify English rhyming words by selecting pictures of things that rhyme. Students review English rhyming words using printout folds into a book. This printout accompanies the activity Identify Rhyming Words. Distinguishing letter forms Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. A word that starts with each target letter is shown underneath an illustration of the word. This enables students to make the distinction between individual letters and the words that begin with the target letter. Printout: Letter Practice Recognize Letters Students practice writing both capital and lowercase letters, paying close attention to letter shape. This printout is associated with Letter Shapes and Sounds. Students demonstrate letter knowledge by selecting a target letter from among other similarly shaped letters. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 23 of 62

24 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Grade 1 Producing letter names Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. A word that starts with each target letter is shown underneath an illustration of the word. This enables students to make the distinction between individual letters and the words that begin with the target letter. Alphabet Songs Letter Sound Sing Along Song Students hear a variety of alphabet songs as part of their learning experience. After each song, students click letters to hear the letter names. Letters are presented sequentially, each with an image of the letter and the letter name. Students learn the letters of the alphabet and their sounds. Categorizing letters by features Alphabet Songs Students hear a variety of alphabet songs as part of their learning experience. After each song, students click letters to hear the letter names. Letters are presented sequentially, each with an image of the letter and the letter name. Printout: Letter Practice Build a Monster: Letter Game 1 Free the Aliens: Letter Game 2 Students practice writing both capital and lowercase letters, paying close attention to letter shape. This printout is associated with Letter Shapes and Sounds. Students practice identifying the letters of the alphabet through an exploration game. They select target letters to assemble monsters and robots. Students practice recognizing letters quickly to build automaticity. The letter-recognition speed is adjusted to their performance so the student is challenged without being overwhelmed. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 24 of 62

25 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Grade 1 Underwater Adventure: Letter Game 3 Recognize Letters Students practice recognizing letters quickly to build automaticity. The letter-recognition speed is adjusted to their performance in the activity so the student is challenged without being overwhelmed. Students demonstrate letter knowledge by selecting a target letter from among other similarly shaped letters. Understanding alphabetical order Alphabet Songs Students hear a variety of alphabet songs as part of their learning experience. After each song, students click letters to hear the letter names. Letters are presented sequentially, each with an image of the letter and the letter name. Letter Sound Sing Along Song Recognize Letters Printout: Letter Practice Students learn the letters of the alphabet and their sounds. Students demonstrate letter knowledge by selecting a target letter from among other similarly shaped letters. Students practice writing both capital and lowercase letters, paying close attention to letter shape. Recognizing uppercase and lowercase letters Build a Monster: Letter Game 1 Students practice identifying the letters of the alphabet through an exploration game. They select target letters to assemble monsters and robots. Free the Aliens: Letter Game 2 Underwater Adventure: Letter Game 3 Students practice recognizing letters quickly to build automaticity. The letter-recognition speed is adjusted to their performance so the student is challenged without being overwhelmed. Students practice recognizing letters quickly to build automaticity. The letter-recognition speed is adjusted to their performance in the activity so the student is challenged without being overwhelmed. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 25 of 62

26 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Grade 1 Recognizing consonants and vowels Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. A, E, I, O, U song Students learn about vowels. Sound Rap: Recognize Letter Sounds Students demonstrate their knowledge of letter sounds by matching sounds with letters. More advanced lessons include blends. Understanding special uses of letters Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. Letter/Sound Relationships A, E, I, O, U song Students learn about vowels. Printout: Letter Practice Art With a Purpose: Letters Students practice writing both capital and lowercase letters, paying close attention to letter shape. Students color pictures of previously learned letters. They hear the names of letters and colors throughout the activity. Recognizing that letters represent consonant sounds Letter Shapes and Sounds Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. Recognizing and using beginning consonant sounds and the letters that represent them: s, m, t, b, f, r, n, p, d, h, c, g, j, l, k, v, w, z, qu, y, x Recognize Letters Sound Rap: Recognize Letter Sounds Letter Shapes and Sounds Students demonstrate letter knowledge by selecting a target letter from among other similarly shaped letters. Students demonstrate their knowledge of letter sounds by matching sounds with letters. More advanced lessons include blends. Students learn each letter by associating it with a noun, seeing it formed, and tracing it onscreen. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 26 of 62

27 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Grade 1 Recognizing similar beginning consonant sounds and the letters that represent them Recognizing and using ending consonant sounds and the letters that represent them: b, m, t, d, g, n, p, f, l, r, s, z, x, ss, ll, tt, ck Recognizing similar ending consonant sounds and the letters that represent them Sound Rap: Recognize Letter Sounds Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Sound Rap: Recognize Letter Sounds Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Sound Rap: Recognize Letter Sounds Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Sound Rap: Recognize Letter Sounds Students demonstrate their knowledge of letter sounds by matching sounds with letters. More advanced lessons include blends. Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words so they are fully prepared to read and understand a new story. Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. Students demonstrate their knowledge of letter sounds by matching sounds with letters. More advanced lessons include blends. Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words so they are fully prepared to read and understand a new story. Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. Students demonstrate their knowledge of letter sounds by matching sounds with letters. More advanced lessons include blends. Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words so they are fully prepared to read and understand a new story. Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. Students demonstrate their knowledge of letter sounds by matching sounds with letters. More advanced lessons include blends. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 27 of 62

28 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Grade 1 Recognizing and using middle consonant sounds sometimes represented by double letters: bb, dd, ll, mm nn, pp, rr, tt, zz, Spelling Patterns Recognizing that words have letter patterns that are connected to sounds (phonograms are spelling patterns) Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Sound Rap: Recognize Letter Sounds Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Sound Rap: Recognize Letter Sounds Making Music: Meet the Phoneme Get a Clue: Word Families Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words so they are fully prepared to read and understand a new story. Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. Students demonstrate their knowledge of letter sounds by matching sounds with letters. More advanced lessons include blends. Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words so they are fully prepared to read and understand a new story. Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. Students demonstrate knowledge of letter sounds by matching sounds with letters. Students practice recognizing phonemes by segmenting the initial sound and selecting pictures of objects that begin with the target phoneme. 300 decodable and key words presented in context sentences. Each context sentence is used in a book the students will read. Students learn high-utility phonogram patterns. They learn clue words that contain common endings and sort words by their endings. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 28 of 62

29 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Grade 1 Recognizing and using the consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) pattern Recognizing and using simple phonograms with a VC pattern (easiest): -ad, -ag, -am, -an*, -at*, -ed, -en, -et, -ig, -in*, -it*, -og, -op*, -ot*, -ut Recognizing and using more difficult phonograms with a VC pattern: -ab, -ap*, -ar, -aw*, -ay*, -eg, -em, -ib, -ip*, -ix, -ob, -od, -ow (blow), -ow (cow), -ug*, -um, -un Recognizing and using phonograms with a vowel-consonant-silent e (VCe) pattern: -ace, -ade, -age, -ake*, -ale*, -ame*, -ane, -ape, -ate*, -ice*, -ide*, -ike, -ile, -ime, -ine*, -ite, -ive, -obe, -oke*, -ope, -ore* Printout: Word Family Practice Get a Clue: Word Families Printout: Word Family Practice Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Printout: Word Family Practice Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Students practice sorting words into the correct word family. This printout accompanies the activity Get a Clue: Word Families. 300 decodable and key words presented in context sentences. Each context sentence is used in a book the students will read. Students learn high-utility phonogram patterns. They learn clue words that contain common endings and sort words by their endings. Students practice sorting words into the correct word family. This printout accompanies the activity Get a Clue: Word Families. Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words so they are fully prepared to read and understand a new story. Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. Students practice sorting words into the correct word family. This printout accompanies the activity Get a Clue: Word Families. Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words. Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. Students learn phonics rules, practice reading words they will encounter in stories, and learn the meanings of the words so they are fully prepared to read and understand a new story. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 29 of 62

30 Fountas & Pinnell Phonics and Grade 1 *Indicates the most common phonograms High Frequency Words Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Get a Clue: Word Families Printout: Word Family Practice Students demonstrate their knowledge of lettersound relationships to decode words. Students learn to decode new words by analogy. They learn clue words that contain common endings and sort words by their endings. Students have to assemble initial sound and phonogram pattern, spelling the word in response to a prompt. Students practice sorting words into the correct word family. This printout accompanies the activity Get a Clue: Word Families. Recognizing and using high frequency words with one or two letters 300 decodable and key words presented in context sentences. Each context sentence is used in a book the students will read. Get a Clue: Word Families Printout: Word Family Practice Word Survivor: Recognize the Word Students learn high-utility phonogram patterns. They learn clue words that contain common endings and sort words by their endings. Students practice sorting words into the correct word family. This printout accompanies the activity Get a Clue: Word Families. Students demonstrate their recognition of reading words used in the Start Reading English decodable books. 5/16/2012 Copyright, Inc. 30 of 62

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