1 Glen Cochrane Retired from Half Hollow Hills STANYS President Elect Suffolk STANYS Chairperson NYSED Ed. Specialist Regional Science Olympiad Coordinator
2 Why New Science Standards?
3 Why New Science Standards? Learning Standards for Mathematics, Science and Technology (1996) This document was the basis to develop the Core Curriculum materials. Science Regents exams are based on the Core Curriculum guides
4 Why New Science Standards? Since 1996, major advances in science and our understanding of how students learn science. United States' competitive economic edge Lagging achievement of U.S. students Preparation for all careers in the modern workforce Scientific and technological literacy Many of our U.S. students aren t prepared to engage in public discussions about science and engineering related issues Lack enough knowledge to be careful consumers of information related to everyday lives. Current science education lacks equity in that all students need to have a foundation
5 What do you know about the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)? New York State Science Learning Standards (NYSSLS)? Standards aren t curriculum but guide the development of curriculum and assessment.
6 Why New Science Standards? Why these standards? Research based on how kids learn science Progressions: All components are organized systematically across multiple years of school Developed with input from field experts and the NYSSLS had input from NYS stakeholders Doesn t emphasize discrete facts with a focus on breadth over depth Provides students with engaging opportunities to experience how science is actually done
7 Why New Science Standards? Research Based review The Science of Learning Compelling case for why we are attracted to the wrong strategies for learning and teaching and what we can do to remedy our approaches Its use of stories about people who have achieved mastery. Recent findings about the human brain and how we learn.
8 The Guiding Principles of the Framework are Research- Based and Include... Building Capacity in State Science Education BCSSE
9 National Research Council A Framework for K-12 Science Education, July 2011 The Framework provides a sound, evidence-based foundation for standards by drawing on current scientific research including research on the ways students learn science effectively and identifies the science all K 12 students should know.
10 Next Generation Science Standards The Framework was used as the foundation for NGSS. A consortium of 26 states, the nonprofit company Achieve, NSTA, AAAS, NRC. Final Draft April, states plus DC. have adopted NGSS Standards for ALL STUDENTS! Students Do Science less recall, greater understanding
11 April 2013 Final version of the NGSS released by Achieve Mid 2013 NYSED survey comparing the NGSS and current MST standards Data reflected that both documents have strengths and weaknesses. September 2013 NY State Science Education Consortium Position Paper recommends a NY version of NGSS that would address the weaknesses
12 Statewide Strategic Plan for Science Summer 2014 Developed by NYSED staff in collaboration with science educators A survey for review and feedback Oct. 29 to Dec. 8, respondents Majority showed strong or moderate support January 2015 Approved by the Board of Regents l
13 Statewide Strategic Plan for Science Six Components Standards Curriculum Professional Development to Enhance Instruction Assessment Materials and Resource Support Administrative and Community Support There is no timeline, we are at Standards!
14 February May 2015 Science Professional Organizations spearheaded review of NGSS by Topic to determine concepts of content that needed to be added or removed. 4 STANYS Teams Comments compiled by NYSED.
15 Summer and Fall 2016 Education Specialists from the Office of Assessment created a preliminary draft of NYS Science Learning Standards Summer 2015 Science Education Steering Committee reviewed changes to the standards August 2015 Standards Writing Team reviews and makes recommendations to the draft September 2015 All Modifications to NGSS had to be supported by the surveys.
16 November 2015-February 5, 2016 Draft NYSSLS released for review and survey ended 2/5. March 2016 Steering Committee and NYSED Science Associates review survey feedback. Compiled quantitative and comments for trends. Present to NYSED managers and make decision regarding changes to the draft. Presentation of an item to the Board of Regents?? Link to draft ci/nys-p12-science-ls.html
17 We have NOT adopted new science standards All science assessments are still based on the Curriculum Cores We are continuing to test students in Grade 4 and Grade 8 for content learned from K-4 and 5-8. No changes in the 4 HS Regents Courses Should we begin move toward the NYSSLS approach to teaching? Absolutely
18 Next Step: depends on NYSED decision when to present item to BOR?? Timeline for Implementation: Advocating for a thoughtful rollout following the Strategic Plan. NYSED Science Associates asking for input. Several timelines presented most with 4-5 year plan. Sample of one of several timelines Building Awareness Curriculum Development PreK K, Grade 3, 6, Physics Pre-K, K, Grade 1, Chemistry, Physics Pre-K 5, Biology, Earth Science, Chemistry and Physics
19 The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and NYSSLS is well over 90% the same and based on the same intent in pedagogy. Science has been taught based on what is known and activities largely confirm what has been taught. Success was based on Standards based Science expects students will learn by doing science. Engage students with Phenomena, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, and Evaluate. How does NYSSLS do this?
20 Three Dimensional Teaching and Learning
21 Science and Engineering Practices Defining scientific habits of mind, i.e. inquiry AND engineering design process Cross Cutting Concepts Concepts (ex. patterns) that bridge disciplinary boundaries and need explicit instruction in both science and engineering Disciplinary Core Ideas Physical Sciences; Life Sciences; Earth & Space Sciences; Engineering, Technology & Applications of Science
22 1. Asking questions (science)/defining problems (engineering) 2. Developing and using models 3. Planning and carrying out investigations 4. Analyzing and interpreting data* 5. Using mathematics and computational thinking* 6 Constructing explanations (science) and designing solutions (engineering) 7. Engaging in argument from evidence* 8. Obtaining, evaluating and communicating information* *Cross-over skills from ELA and Math
23 Seven Crosscutting Concepts (application across all domains of science) 1. Patterns. 2. Cause and effect: Mechanism and Explanation 3. Scale, proportion, and quantity. 4. Systems and system models. 5. Energy and matter: Flows, Cycles, Conservation 6. Structure and function. 7. Stability and change.
25 Performance Expectations Same Format as NGSS Foundation Boxes Connection Box
26 Combines practices, disciplinary core ideas, and cross-cutting concepts Proficiency in each performance expectation is required for overall proficiency in the standard.
27 3D Model: Practices, Disciplinary Core, Cross Cutting
28 Connects to other topics in the grade level. Articulates across grade levels. Connections to Common Core State Standards
29 New Addition- Very Informative Be cautious to not make this the curriculum
30 Progressions: Makes sense! Logical development of the 3D through the grade levels. NGSS has a K-12 Progression in Appendices This is a strength of NGSS which is also NYSSLS Themes develop as children mature. The appendices will be maintained, maybe modified for NY
31 Disciplinary Core Idea Sample
34 LS3.A Bozeman video LS3.B Bozeman video
35 Engineering in my class? NGSS has an Engineering in the Practices and in progressions. Grades K-2 APPENDIX I Engineering Design in the NGSS
36 Engineering in my class? Grades 9-12 APPENDIX I Engineering Design in the NGSS
37 Work done now, - analysis, breakdown, understanding of NYSSLS - is like prepping for the next game. You will be much better prepared. Absolutely
38 NY hasn t adopted NYSSLS Science Cores haven t changed so why do anything? Improved teaching and learning! We don t need to just teach to the cores and exams. Begin by adapting what is currently done. Follow with integrity the INTENT of NYSSLS/NGSS. Begin with questions and think 5 E Model. Use phenomena to engage students
39 How do we start? Look for Phenomena and it doesn t have to be Phenomenal to engage students. Have you noticed that sugar dissolves quicker in coffee than in ice tea? Think of where this observed phenomena can go! Science Practices: Plan Investigation, construct explanations, engage in argument from evidence Crosscutting: cause and effect, energy and matter, patterns Core Content: Physical science 39
40 Where does the water on the outside of the glass of water with ice comes from? The water came through holes in the glass. The water came over the top of the glass. The water came from the air. 11
41 There is no air inside. There is no glue on the card. There is lots of air outside. Some of the air is hitting the card. A force is needed to support the water.
42 Unpack Standards Conceptual shifts - awareness Practices - progressions (some districts starting conversation) Unit development with 3 dimensions Will not be easy, many unknowns NYS Curriculum? New Assessments?
43 5-E Model BSCS (Biological Science Curriculum Study) in the late 1980 s. Framework for lesson design that include strategies for active learning. Modified from Presention by Deedie Jones, GPISD Teacher Coach Modified from a presentation by Jennifer Payne ESC Region 14
44 Engage Explore Explain Elaborate Evaluate Modified from Presention by Deedie Jones, GPISD Teacher Coach
45 The 7E Model Learning research in the late 90 s added two more pieces to the learning cycle.
46 NGSS Resources and Links Achieve NGSS Evidence Statements NGSS Task Assessments (MS and HS, Elementary soon) NSTA Classroom Resources (curriculum ideas) NGSS Video Links Teaching Channel Videos Paul Andersen: Boseman Science
47 Thank you for your attention I hope I have been helpful.