Courtney Keck Horticulture/4-H Extension Educator Canadian County OSU Extension

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1 Courtney Keck Horticulture/4-H Extension Educator Canadian County OSU Extension 1

2 Oklahoma Considerations Cold/Ice Heat Drought Random excessive periods of rain Wind! Clay Soils Tornados Can we grow anything??! 2

3 Design Considerations - Color The color wheel can be useful in creating pleasing color combinations Monochromatic various tints of the same color Analogous colors next to each other on the color wheel Complementary colors across from each other on the color wheel 3

4 Color 4

5 Color 5

6 Design Considerations - Line The eye movement or flow created by borders, features, and plant groupings. 6

7 Line 7

8 Design Considerations - Form The overall shape of a plant 8

9 Form 9

10 Design Considerations - Scale The size of an object in relation to the objects around it 10

11 Scale /landscape/documents/trees andplantsforokc_ pdf 11

12 Design Considerations - Texture The surface characteristics imparted by leaf size, shape and density 12

13 Site Analysis Determine pros & cons Elevation Slope Erosion Soil structure Sun exposure Wind exposure Noise Privacy Practical needs Utility lines ( ) Plants to keep or throw away 13

14 Base Map 14

15 Corrections: Needs & Wants 15

16 Soil Test Do a soil test before planting $10 routine soil test Once every 3 years pricelist.htm OSU Fact Sheet L-249 on osufacts.okstate.edu 16

17

18 Plant Selection HLA-6444, E-1037 (Drought Tolerant Plant Selections for OK) HLA-6425 (Annual Flowers for Specific Uses in OK) HLA-6410 (Perennial Flowers for Specific Uses in OK) HLA-6032 (Vegetable Varieties for the Home Garden in OK) Take these to your local nursery to help you choose plants suitable for Oklahoma Nurseries often sell plants that aren t suited for our climate. Ex: Colorado blue spruce or Blue atlas cedar. Why? B/c they sell!

19

20 Tools You Might Need Shovel Hoe Trowel Tiller of some kind Bucket Bypass pruners Pruning saw Hose(s) Watering can Tarp Wheel barrow Gloves Good pair of working shoes Clothes you don t mind getting dirty in Sunscreen/hat

21 * Layout garden borders * Remove turf areas - Shovel, hoe, broadfork, Roundup, solarization * Amend the soil if needed * Add fertilizer if recommended * Plant your plants * Water plants * Add mulch layer (I don t like dealing w/ landscape fabric, but this is an option for weed and moisture control under the mulch layer.) 21

22

23 Organic Matter! Best bet for improving soil structure.(clay and sand) Increases Soil tilth Prevents compaction Prevents crusting Increases water capacity Allows better drainage Slows erosion Releases Nutrients Best Thing Since Sliced Bread!!!

24 Sources of Organic Matter Manure Cow, Chicken, Hog, Etc. Leaves, Straw, & Saw Dust Green Manure Crops Plants grown to be turned under for Organic Matter. Compost Any material based on decayed organic matter. Caution: High carbon based organic sources will many times tie up the nitrogen in the soil making it unavailable for plant uptake for a short period of time.

25 A Right Way to Plant HLA-6414 (Planting Trees and Shrubs) L-440 (Tree Planting Guide) Trees and shrubs Can soak root ball before planting Score root ball if root bound Take burlap and wire off root ball Don t amend soil Add fertilizer if recommended Dig hole times width of root ball Plant level with the soil line, or an inch above ground if clay soil Backfill and pack soil in hole Water immediately Add mulch layer Annuals, perennials, vegetables Loosen roots Can amend soil with compost, potting soil, etc. Add fertilizer if recommended Plant level with soil line, unless they re tomatoes Pack in soil around plant Water immediately Add mulch layer Keep in mind mature width and height

26 26

27 Maintenance It s important to maintain the health of your plants for a vibrant and healthy landscape in the future. 27

28 Maintenance Involves Weeding Mulching Fertilizing Pruning Composting Insect & Disease Control Planting Equipment Care

29 Cultural Control Tips Limiting Disease and Insect Damage Remove and destroy diseased plants Plant a variety in the garden Rotate your crops yearly, if planting vegetables Use companion planting Plant disease resistant varieties Plant disease free seeds Irrigate and mulch Fertilize plants based on soil test recommendations

30 THANK YOU! As always, call us at the Extension office if you have any questions about your plants and landscape or me

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